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ILLIN918.—Orlando B. Ficklin, Joseph P. Hoge, Robert | aforesaid was agreed to—Yeas, 118; Nuose, Smith-3. Total Democrats from Free States, 17.

101. December 12th.-Mr. C. J. Ingersoll, of Penn

Yeas~114 Democrats, and Messrs. Milton sylvania, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and Duncan L. Clinch, and Alexander H

Brown, of Tennessee ; James Dellet, of Alabama; reported a Joint Resolution for annexing Texas to the Union, which was committed and dig. Stephens, of Georgia, (4) Southern Whigs. cussed in Committee of the Whole from time to with all from Slave States, but the four just

Nays-all the Whigs present from Free States time, through the next month. January 7th.-Mr. J. P. Hale presented re

named; with the following Democrats from

Free States: solves of the Legislature of New-Hampshire, thoroughly in favor of Annexation, and silent

MAINE. - Robert P. Dunlap, Hannibal Hamlin-2.

VERMONT.-Paul Dillingham, jr.-1. on the subject of Slavery, except as follows: NEW HAMPSHIRE-John P. Hale-1. Resolved, That we agree with Mr. Clay, that the re

CONNECTICUT.-George S. Catlin-1, annexation of Texas will add more Free than Slave New-YORK-Joseph H. Anderson, Charles S. Benton, States to the Union; and that it would be unwise to re- Jeremiah E. Carey, Amasa Dana, Richard D. Davis, suse a permanent acquisition, which will exist as long as Byram Green, Preston King, Smith M. Purdy, George the globe remains, on account of a temporary institution. Rathbun, Orville Robinson, David L. Seymour, Lemuel

Stetson-12. January 13th.-Mr. Cave Johnson, of Ten- OH10.–Jacob Brinckerhoff, William C. McCauslen, nessee, moved that all further debate on this Joseph Morris, Henry St. John-4. subject be closed at 2 P.m. on Thursday next.

MICHIGAN.-James B. Hunt, Robert McClelland-2.

Total Democrats from Free States,.... .23. Carried-Yeas, 136; Nays, 57; (nearly all the Total Whigs from Free and Slave States,....78. Nays from Slave States.),

The House then ordered the whole proposi. January 25th.The 'debate, after an extension of time, was at length brought to a close,

tion to a third reading forthwith--Yeas, 120; and the Joint Resolution taken out of commit: Nays, 97--and passed it, Yeas, 120; Nays, 98! tee, and reported to the House in the following and all the Democrats from Free States, except

Yeas-all the Democrats from Slave States, form; (that portion relating to Slavery, having been added in Committee, on motion of Mr. ton Brown, James Dellet, Willoughby Newton,

as above; with Messrs. Duncan L. Clinch, Mil. Milton Brown, (Whig) of Tennessee :

of Virginia, (who therefrom turned Democrat), Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representa- and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia, (now tives in Congress assembled, That Congress doth consent that the Territory properly included within, and Democrat), from Slave States. rightfully belonging to, the Republic of Texas, may be Naysall the Whigs from Free States; all erected into a new state, to be called the State of Texas, those from Slave States except as above; with with a republican form of Government, to be adopted by the people of said Republic, by deputies in Convention 23 Democrats from Free States. assembled, with the consent of the existing Government, So the resolve passed the House, and was in o.der that the same may be admitted as one of the sent to the Senate for concurrence. States of this Union. 2. And be it further resolved, that the foregoing con.

In Senate, several attempts to originate action sent of Congress is given upon the following conditions, in favor of Annexation were made at this sesand with the following guaranties, to wit:

sion, but nothing came of them. First. Said State to be formed, subject to the adjustment by this Government of all questions of boundary

February 24th.-The joint resolution aforethat may arise with other governments; and the Con said from the House was taken up for coustitation thereof, with the proper evidence of its adoption sideration by 30 Yeas to 11 Nays (all Northern by the people of said Republic of Texas, shall be transmitted to the President of the United States, to be laid

Whigs). On the 27th, Mr. Walker, of Wisconbefore Congress for its final action, on or before the 1st sin, moved to add an alternative proposition, day of January, 1846.

contemplating negotiation as the means of Second. Said State, when admitted into the Union, after ceding to the United States all public edifices, fortieffecting the meditated end. fications, barracks, ports and harbors. navy and navy

Mr. Foster, (Whig) of Tennessee, proposed yards, docks, magazines, arms, armaments, and all other That the State of Texas, and such other States as may property and means pertaining to the public defense, be formed out of that portion of the present Territory of belonging to the said Republic of Texas, shall retain all Texas, lying south of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes the public funds, debts, taxes, and dues of every kind north latitude, commonly known as the Missouri Com. which may belong to, or be due or owing said Republic; promise line, shall be admitted into the Union with or and shall also retain all the vacant and unappropriated without Slavery, as the people of each State, so hereafter lands lying within its limits, to be applied to the pay- asking admission, may desire. ment of debts and liabilities of said Republic of Texas; and the residue of said lands, after discharging said debts

On which the question was taken. Yeas, (all and liabilities, to be disposed of as said State may direct: Whigs but 3) 18; Nays, 34. but in no event are said debts and liabilities to become

Various amendments were proposed and

voted a charge upon the United States. Third. New States of convenient size, not exceeding

down. Among them, Mr. Foster, of Tenn., four in number, in addition to said State of Texas, and moved an express stipulation that Slavery should having sufficient population, may hereafter, by the consent be tolerated in all States formed out of the of said State, be formed out of the Territory thereof, Territory of Texas, south of the Missouri line which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution. And such States as may be of 36° 30'. Rejected-Yeas, 16 (Southern fermed out of that portion of said Territory, lying south Whigs, and Sevier, of Arkansas); Nays, 33. of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, como monly known as the Missouri Compromise line, shall be

Mr. Miller, of N. J., moved that the existence of Slaadmitted into the Union, with, or without Slavery, as the very be forever prohibited in the northern and northwestpeople of each State asking admission may desire; and ern part of said Territory, west of the 100th degree of in such State or States as shall be formed out of said latitude west from Greenwich, so as to divide, as equally Territory, north of said Missouri Compromise line, as may be, the whole of the annexed country between Slavery or involuntary servitude (except for crime) shall Slaveholding and Non-Slaveholding States. be prohibited.

Yeas, 11 ; all Northern Whigs, except Mr. Mr. Cave Johnson, of Tennessee, moved the Crittenden, Ky. Nays, 33. previous question, which the House seconded- The vote in the Senate on the joint resolution Yeas, 113; Nays, 106—and then the amendment for Annexation stood, Yeas, 26, all Demo.

THE WILMOT PROVISO.

crats but 3; Nays, 25, (all Whigs). In the And whereas, Congress, in the organization of a terriHouse, Yeas 134, all Democrats but

1: Nays, 77, torial government, at an early period of our political his

tory, established a principle worthy of imitation in all (all Whigs).

future time, forbidding the existence of Slavery in free territory; Therefore,

Resolved, That in any Territory, that may be acTesas baving been annexed during the sum- quired from Mexico, over which shall be established mer of 1845, in pursuance of the joint resolu- territorial governments, Slavery, or involuntary servition of the two Houses of Congress, a portion party shall have been duly convicted, shall be forever

tude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the of the United States Army, under Gen. Taylor, prohibited ; and that in any act or resolution establishwas, early in the spring of 1846, moved down ing such governments, a fundamental provision ought to

be inserted to that effect. to the east bank of the Rio Grande del Norte, claimed by Texas as her western boundary, but

Mr. R. Brodhead, of Penn., moved that this not so regarded by Mexico. A hostile collision resolution lie on the table. Carried: Yeas, 105; ensued, resulting in war between the United Nays, 93. States and Mexico.

Yeas-all the members from Slave States, It was early thereafter deemed advisable that but John W. Houston (Whig), of Delaware, a considerable sum should be placed by Con- with the following from Free States (all Demogress at the President's disposal to negotiate an

crats but Levin) : advantageous Treaty of Peace and Limits with MAINE.-Asa W. H. Clapp, Franklin Clark, Jas. S. the Mexican Government.

Wiley, Hezekiah Williams-4.
A message to this

NEW-YORK. - Ausburn Birdsall, David S. Jackson, effect was submitted by President Polk to Con- Frederick W. Lord, William B. Maclay-4. gress, August 8th, 1846, and a bill in accord- PENNSYLVANIA.- Richard Brodhead, Charles Brown,

Lercis C. Levin, Job Man-4. ance with its suggestions laid before the House,

Ou10.-William Kennon, jr., John K. Miller, Thomas which proceded to consider the subject in Com- Richey, William Sawyer-4 mittee of the Whole. The bill appropriating

INDIANA.-Charles W. Cathcart, Thomas J. Henley, $30,000 for immediate use in negotiations with John Pettit, John L. Robinson, William W. Wick-5.

ILLINOIS. - Orlando B. Ficklin, John A. McClerriand, Mexico, and placing $2,000,000 more at the William A. Richardson, Robert Smith, Thomas J. disposal of the President, to be employed in Turner-5. making peace, Mr. David Wilmot, of Pa., after Nays-all the Whigs and a large majority of consultation with other Northern Democrats, the Democrats from Free States, with John W. offered the following Proviso, in addition to the Houston aforesaid. first section of the bill :

This vote terminated all direct action in Provided, That as an express and fundamental con- favor of the Wilmot Proviso for that Session. dition to the acquisition of any territory from the Repub- July 18th.-In Senate, Mr. Clayton, of Del., lic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty from the Select Committee to which was rewhich may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, ferred, on the 12th inst., the bill providing a terneither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist ritorial government for Oregon, reported a bill in any part of said Territory, except for crime, whereof

to establish Territorial governments for Oregon, the party shall be first duly convicted. This proviso was carried in Committee, by the (It proposed to submit all questions as to the

New Mexico, and California, which was read. strong vote of eighty-three to sixty-four-only rightful existence or extent of Slavery in the three Members (Democrats) from the Free Territories to the decision of the Supreme Court States, it was said, opposing it. (No record is

of the United States.) made of individual votes in Committee of the

July, 24th.- Second reading. Mr. Baldwin, Whole.) The bill was then reported to the of Conn., moved to strike out so much of said House, and Mr. Rathbun, of N. Y., moved the bill as relates to California and New Mexico. previous question on its engrossment. Mr. Tibbatts, of Ky., moved that it do lie on both parties); Nays, 37.

Rejected : Yeas, 17 (Northern Free Soil men of the table. Defeated-Yeas, 79; (Stephen A. Douglas, John A. McClernand, John Pettit, ceeding days. On the 26th, Mr. Clarke, of R.

The bill was discussed through several sucand Robert C. Schenck, voting with the South I., moved to add to the 6th section : to lay on the table ;) Nays 93 ; ( Henry Grider and 'William P. Thomasson, of Ky. (Whigs) of the provisional government of said Territory permit

Provided, however, That no law, regulation, or act voting with the North against it.

ting Slavery or involuntary servitude therein shall be The bill was then engrossed for its third valid, until the same shall be approved by Congress.” reading by Yeas 85, Nays, 80; and thus passed Rejected: Yeas, 19 [Col. Benton, and 18 without further division. A motion to recon- Northern Freesoilers of both parties]; Nays, 33. sider was laid on the table-Yeas, 71 ; Nays, 83. Mr. Reverdy Johnson, of Md., moved to So the bill was passed and sent to the Senate, amend the bill by inserting: where Mr. Dixon H. Lewis, of Alabama, moved

Except only, that in all cases of title to slaves, the that the Proviso above cited be stricken out; said writs of error or appeals shall be allowed and deon which debate arose, and Mr. John Davis of cided by the said Supreme Court without regard to the Mass., was speaking when, at noon of August and except, also, that a writ of error or appeal shali

value of the matter, property, or title in controversy ; 10th, the time fixed for adjournment having also be allowed to the Supreme Court of the United arrived, both Houses adjourned without day.

States from the decision of the said Supreme Court created by this act, or of any judge thereof, or of the dis

trict Courts created by this act, or of any judge upon The XXXth Congress assembled Dec. 6, 1847. any writ of habeas corpus involving the question of per

Feb. 28th 1848, Mr. Putnam of New York moved the following:

Carried ; Yeas, 31 (all sorts); Nays, 19 (all

Southern, but Bright, Dickinson, and Hannegan). Whereas, In the settlement of the difficulties penang between this country and Mexico, territory may be ac

Mr. Baldwin, of Connecticut, moved an addi. quired in which Slavery does not now exist.

tional sectiou, as follows:

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Sec. 37. And be it furthor enacted, That it shall be So Mr. Clayton's project of Compromise vas the duty of the attorneys for said Territories, respec- defeated. tively, on the complaint. of any person held in involuntary servitude therein. to make application in his be

The next session of the same Congress opened half in due form of law, to the court next thereafter to under very different auspices. The Mexican be holden in said Territory, for a writ of habeas corpus, War had been terminated, so that none could to be directed to the person so holding suche applican: longer be deterred from voting for Slavery Ex in service as aforesaid, and to pursue all needful measures in his behalf; and if the decision of such court shall clusion by a fear that the prosecution of hosbe adverse to the application, or if, on the return of the tilities would thereby be embarrassed. General writ, relief shall be denied to the applicant, on the ground that he is a slave held in servitude in said Terri- Taylor had been elected President, receiving tory, said attorney shall cause an appeal to be taken the votes of Delaware, Maryland, North Carotherefrom, and the record of all the

proceedings in the lina, Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, case to be transmitted to the Supreme Court of the and Florida -a moiety of the Slave States--over United States as speedily as may be, and to give notice thereof to the Attorney General of the United States, Gen. Cass, now the avowed opponent of Slavery who shall prosecute the same before said Court, who | Restriction. Many of the Northern Democrats shall proceed to hear and determine the same at the considered themselves absolved by this vote from first term thereof. Yeas, 15 (all Northern, except Benton); and roted accordingly,

all extra-constitutional obligations to the South, Nays, 31. Ńr. Davis, of Mass., moved to strike out sec- the following:

Dec. 13.-Mr. J. M. Root, of Ohio, offered tion 12, and insert as follows:

Resolved, that the Committee on Territories be inSec. 12. And be it further enacted, That so much structed to report to this House, with as little delay as of the sixth section of the ordinance of the 13th July, practicable, a bill or bills providing a Territorial Govern. 1787, as is contained in the following words; viz. There ment for each of

ories of New Mexico and Calishall be neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude in the fornia, and excluding Slavery therefrom. said Territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly con.

A call of the House was had, and the previous victed,' shall be and remain in force in the Territory of question ordered. Oregon.

Mr. W. P. Hall, of Mo., moved that the same This was defeated; Yeas, 21; Nays, 33. do lie on the table. Lost: Yeas, 80 ; Nays, 106.

The bill was then engrossed for a third read- The resolve then passed : Yeas, 108; Nays, ing ; Yeas, 33 ; Navs, 22; as follows:

80, viz. : Yeas-For Clayton's Compromise :

YealAll the Whigs from Free States, and all the DeMessrs. Atchison,

Houston,

mocrats, but those noted as Nays below, including the folAtherton,

Hunter,

lowing, who had voted against the same principle at the

former session :
Benton,

Johnson, Md.
Berrien,
Johnson, La.

MAINE.-Asa W. H. Clapp, James S. Wiley_2.

NEW-YORK.-Frederick W. Lord-1.
Borland,
Johnson, Ga.

OH10.-Thomas Richey-1.
Breese,

King,
Bright,

INDIANA.-Charles W. Cathcart, Thomas J. Henley, John
Lewis,

L. Robinson, William W. Wick-4.
Butler,
Mangum,

ILLINOIS. ---Robert Smith-1.
Calhoun,

Mason,
Clayton,
Phelps,

Messrs. Clark and H. Williams, of Maine, Birdsall and
Davis, Miss.

Rusk,

Maclay, of New York, Brodhead and Mann, of Pa., Pettit, Dickinson,

Sebastian,

of Ind., Ficklin and McClelland, of Ill., who voted with

the South at the former session-now failed to vote. Douglas,

Spruance,
Downs,
Sturgeon,

Mr. Jackson, of N. Y, who then voted with the South,
Foote,

Turney,

had been succeeded by Mr. H. Greeley, who voted with the

North.
Hannegan,

Westcott,
Yulee-83.

Nays-All the Members voting from the Slave States,

with the following from the Free States : NaysAgainst Clayton's bill:

New-YORK.-Henry C. Murphy-1. Messrs. Allen,

Felch,

PENNSYLVANIA.-Charles Brown, Charles J. Ingersoll—2.
Badger,
Fitzgerald,

OH10.--William Kennon, jun., John K. Miller, William
Baldwin,

Greene,

Sawyer-8.

ILLINOIS.—William A. Richardson-1.
Bell,

Hale,
Bradbury,
Hamlin,

Iowa.-Shepherd Leffler-1.
Clarke,
Metcalf.

Total Nays from Free States—8.
Corwin,
Miller,

Mr. Robinson, of Ind., moved a reconsidera-
Davis, Mass.

Niles,
Dayton,

Underwood,

tion of this vote, which motion (Dec. 18), on Dix,

Upham,

motion of Mr. Wentworth, of Ill., was laid on Dodge,

Walker-22.

the table: Yeas, 105; Nays, 83. So the bill was engrossed, and immediately The Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation bill passed without a division.

having passed the House in the usual form, came July 28th.—This bill reached the House, and up to the Senate, where it was debated several was taken up and read twice.

days. Mr. A. H. Stephens, of Ga., moved that the Feb. 21st.—Mr. Walker, of Wisc., moved an bill do lie on the table. Yeas and Nays orderd, amendment, extending all the laws of the United and the motion prevailed: Yeas, 112; Nays, States, so far as applicable, to the Territories 97.

acquired from Mexico. Yeas, all the Free State Whigs, with 8 Whigs Mr. Bell, of Tenn., moved to add further secfrom Slave States ; 20 Democrats from Free tions organizing the State of California, to be States.

admitted into the Union on the 1st of October Nays21 Democrats from Free States, with next. This was rejected: Yeas, 4 (Bell, Dodge 76 Democrats and Whigs from Slave States. of Iowa, Douglas, Davis); Nays, 39.

Mr. Pollock, of Pa., moved that this vote be Feb. 26th.--Mr. Dayton, of N. J., moved that reconsidered, and that the motion to reconsider the President be vested with power to provide do lie on the table; which prevailed : Yeas, a suitable temporary government for the Ter. 113; Nays, 96.

ritories. Rejected : Yoas, 8; Nays, 47.

as

The question recurred on Mr. Walker's amend

OREGON. ment, which was carried : Yeas, 29; Nays,

Aug. 6, 1846. Mr. Douglas, from the Com27.

The bill being returned to the House, thus mittee on Territories, reported to the House a amended, this amendment was (March 2d) voted

bill organizing the Territory of Oregon.

Said bill was discussed in Committee of the down: Yeas, 101; Nays, 115—as follows:

Whole, and the following amendment agreed to: Yeas-all the members from the Slave States, with the following from the Free States,

And neither Slavery, nor involuntary servitude shall

ever exist in said Territory, except for crime whereof viz.:

the party shall have been duly convicted. MAINE-Hezekiah Williams-1.

On coming out of Committee, this amendNew-YORK-Ausburn Birdsall—1. PENNSYLVANIA—Samuel A. Bridges, Richard Brod Nays are all Southern, but Charles J. Ingersoll,

ment was agreed to-Yea:, 108; Nays, 44. (The head, Charles Brown, Charles J. Ingersoll, Lewis C. Levin–5.

Orlando B. Ficklin, and possibly one or two 0810— William Kennon, jr., William Sawyer-2. others; and all Democrats, but some half a ILLINOIS—Orlando B. Ficklin, John A. McClernand, dozen from the South, of whom Robert Toombs William A. Richardson-8. IOWA-Shepherd Lefier-1.

has since turned Democrat.) Stephen A. Doug. Total, thirteen from Free States; eighty-cight without further opposition, was read twice in

las did not vote. The bill passed the House from Slave States. (Only two from Slave States the Senate, and referred; and Mr. Westcott, of absent or silent.) Nays—all the Whigs from Free States, and all mittee on Territories; but the session closed

Florida, made a report thereon from the Comthe Democrats from Free States, except those without further action on the bill. named above. So the House refused to concur in this amend. On the 23d, Mr. Douglas again reported bis

This Congress reassembled, Dec. 7th, 1846. ment, and the bill was returned to the Senate bill to provide a Territorial government for accordingly. The Senate resolved to insist on its amend. Jan, 11th, 1847, was discussed in Committee,

Oregon, which was read twice and committed : ment, and ask a conference, which was granted, as also on the 12th and 14th, when it was but resulted in nothing: Messrs. Atherton, of resolved, to close the debate. On the 15th, it N. H., Dickinson, of N. Y., and Berrien, of Ga.,

was taken out of Committee, when Gen. Burt, were managers on the part of the Senate, and of S. C., moved the following addition (already insisted on its amendment, organizing the Termoved, debated, and voted down in Committee) ritories without restriction to Slavery; to the clause forbidding Slavery in said TerriMessrs. Vinton, of Ohio, Nicoll, of N. Y., and

tors: Morehead, of Ky., were appointed on the part of the House. These, after a long sitting, re

Inasmuch as the whole of said Territory lies north of

thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, known ported their inability to agree, and were dis- as the line of the Missouri Compromise. charged.

The purpose of this is clear enough. It was The bill being now returned to the House, Mr. intended to recognize the Missouri line, nou as McClernand, of 111., moved that the House do limited to the Territories possessed by the United recede from its disagreement. Carried : Yeas, States at the time said line was established, 111; Nays, 106.

but as extending to all that has since been, or Mr. R. W. Thompson, of Ind., moved that the hereafter should be, acquired, so as to legalize Huuse concur with the Senate, with an amends Slavery in any Territory henceforth to be ment, which was a substitute, extending the acquired by us south of 360 30'. laws of the United States over saiu Territories, Nr. Burt's amendment was negatived : Yeas, but leaving them unorganized,

82; Nays, 114. And that, until the fourth day of July, eighteen hundred

The vote was very nearly sectional; but the and fifty, unless Congress shall sooner provide for the following members from Free States voted in government of said Territories, the existing laws there the minority : of sh ill be retained and observed.

PENNSYLVANIA-Charles J. Ingersoll-1.
The question being reached on amending the Illinois-Stephen A. Douglas, Robt. Smith-2.
Seni.te's proposition as proposed by Mr. Thomp-

lowA-C. S. Hastings-1. In all, 5. son, it was carried: Yeas, 111; Nays, 105.

No member from a Slave State voted in (All the Southern members in the negative, the majority. The bill then passed : Yeas, 134; with Levin and a few of the Northern Demo. Nays, 35, (all Southern). crats; the residue, with all the Northern Whigs, jan. 15.-The bill reached the Senate, and in the affirmative.)

was sent to the Judiciary Committee, consisting The House now proceeded to agree to the of Senate's amendment, as amended : Yeas, 110; Messrs. Ashley, Ark. Berrien, Ga. Westcott, Fla. Nays, 103, (the same as before; the friends of Breese, nl. Dayton, N. J. the Senate's proposition voting against it, as Jan. 25.-Mr. Ashley reported the Oregon amended, and vice versa, on the understanding bill with amendments, which were ordered to that Mr. Thompson's amendment would exclude be printed. Slavery.)

29.-Said bill, on motion of Mr. Westcott, The bill as thus amended being returned to was recommitted to the Judiciary Committee. the Senate, it refused to agree to the House's Feb 10.-Mr. Ashley again reported it with amendment, and receded from its own proposi. amendments. tion; 80 the bill was passed and the session March 3.--It was taken up as in Committee closed, with no provision for the government of of the Whole, when Mr. Evans, of Maine, moved the newly-acquirea Territories.

that it be laid on the table. Defeated : Yeas,

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19, (all Whigs but Calhoun, of S. C., and Yulee | Mr. Houston, of Delaware, voting in the majority of Florida); Nays, 26, (24 Dem., with Corwin as before: otherwise, members from the Free of Ohio, and Johnson of Louisiana.)

States in the affirmative; those from the Slave Mr.Westcott, of Fla., immediately moved that States in the negative.] the bill do lie on the table, which prevailed : Aug. 3.-This bill reached the Senate, when Yeas, 26; Nays, 18 (a mixed vote, evidently Mr. Badger, of N. C., moved its indefinite postgoverned by various motives); but the nega- ponement: negatived, 47 to 1, (Yulee). It was tives were all Democrats, but Corwin and John- then sent to the Committee on Territories. son aforesaid. This being the last day of the The Senate had had under consideration, session, it was evident that the bill, if opposed, from time to time through the Session, a bill as it was certain to be, could not get through, of its own, reported by Mr. Douglas, which was and it was, doubtless, in behalf of other press- finally referred to a select Committee -Mr. Clay. ing business that many Senators voted to lay ton, of Delaware, Chairman--and by said com. this aside. It was, of course, dead for the ses- mittee reported some days before the reception sion.'

of the House bill. It was then dropped. Dec. 6, 1847.—The XXXth Congress assem- Aug. 5. -Mr. Douglas reported the House bled; Robert C. Winthrop (Whig) of Mass. was bill, with amendments, which were printed. chosen Speaker of the House. President Polk, Aug. 10. — After some days' debate, the in his Annual Message, regretted that Oregon Senate proceeded to vote. Mr. Foote, of Miss., had not already been organized, and urged the moved that the bill do lie on the table. Denecessity of action on the subject.

feated : Yeas, 15 (Southern); Nays, 36. Feb. 9.--Mr. Caleb B. Smith, of Indiana, re- On the question of agreeing to this amend ported to the House a bill to establish the terri-ment: torial government of Oregon; which, by a vote Inasmuch as the said Territory is north of thirty-six of two-thirds, was made a special order for deg. thirty min., usually known as the line of the Mis

souri Compromise. March 14th. It was postponed, however, to the 28th; when it was taken up and discussed, It was rejected : Yeas, 2 (Bright and Dou as on one or two subsequent days. May 29th, glas); Nays, 52. it was again made a special order next after the Mr. Douglas moved to amend the bill, by inAppropriation bills. The President that day serting after the word "enacted :" sent a special message, urging action on this That the line of thirty-six degrees and thirty subject. ` July 25th, it was taken up in earnest; promise line, as defined in the eighth section of an act

minutes of north latitude, known as the Missouri ComMr. Wentworth, of Illinois, moving that debate entitled, “ An Act to authorize the people of the Missouri on it in Committee cease at two o'clock this Territory to form a Constitutional and State Govern.

ment, and for the admission of such State into the Union. day.

on an equal footing with the original States, and to pro. Mr. Geo. S. Houston, of Als., endeavored to hibit Slavery in certain Territories, approved March 6th, put this motion on the table. Defeated: Yeas 1820," be, and the same is hereby, declared to extend to 85; Nays 89, (nearly, but not fully, a sectional the Pacific Ocean; and the said eighth section, together

with the compromise therein effected, is hereby revived, division). Mr. Geo. W. Jones, of Tenn., moved and declared to be in full force and binding, for the a reconsideration, which was carried: Yeas, future organization of the Territories of the United 100; Nays, 88; and the resolution laid on the states in the same sense, and with the same understand

ing with which it was originally adopted ; andtable: Yeas, 96; Nays, 90. The bill continued to be discussed, and which was carried : Yeas, 38; Nays, 21; as fol

lows: finally (Aug. 1) was got out of Committee; when Mr. C. B. Smith moved the Previous Yeas-For recognizing the Missouri line as Question thereon, which was ordered.

rightfully extending to the Pacific: Aug. 2.--The House came to a vote on an Messrs. Atchison,

Hannegan,
Badger,

Houston, amendment made in Committee, whereby the

Bell,

Hunter, following provision of the original bill was Benton,

Johnson of Md., stricken out:

Berrien,

Johnson of La.,
Borland,

Johnson of Ga.,
That the inhabitants of said Territory shall be enti-

Bright,

King, tled to enjoy all and singular, the rights, privileges, and

Butler,

Lewis, advantages granted and secured to the people of the

Calhoun,

Mangum, Territory of the United States northwest of the river

Cameron,

Mason, Ohio, by the articles of compact contained in the ordi

Davis of Miss.,

Metcalf, nance for the government of said Territory, passed the

Dickinson,

Pearce, 13th day of July, seventeen hundred and eighty-seven;

Douglas,

Sebastian, and shall be subject to all the conditions, and restric.

Downs,

Spruance, tions, and probibitions in said articles of compact im

Fitzgerald,

Sturgeon, posed upon the people of said territory, and

Foote of Miss.,

Turney, The House refused to agree to this amend.

Underwood-33. ment: Yeas, 88; Nays, 114.

NaysAgainst recognizing said line: The Members from the Free States who voted Messrs. Allen,

Dodge, with the South to strike out, were

Atherton,

Felch,
Baldwin,

Greene,
NEW YORK.-Ausburn Birdsall-1.

Bradbury,

Hale, 0110.-William Kennon, jun., John K. Miller-2.

Breese,

Hamlin, ILLINOIS.--Orlando B. Ficklin, John A. McClernand,

Clarke,

Miller, William A, Richardson-3.

Corwin,

Niles, INDIANA.-John L. Robinson, William W. Wick-2.

Davis of Mass.,

Phelps, Mr. John W, Houston o: Delaware voted in the ma.

Dayton,

Upham, jority.

Dix,

Walker, The bili was then passed: Yeas, 128; Nays,

Webster-21. 71.

The bill was then engrossed for a third read[This vote was almost completely sectional. ing: Yeas, 33 ; Nays, 22 ; (nearly the same as

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