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Mr Stevens, of Oregon.-I rise, Mr. President, to pre- Bylvania, 17 ; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 54; Virginia, 14; sent the report of a minority of the Committee on cre- North Carolina, 9 ; Arkansas, t; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, dentials, and I will proceed to read it;
10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 14; California, 4; Oregon,
3–1001. MINORITY REPORT.
NAYS-Maine, 6}; New Hampshire, 41; Vermont, 8!; To the President of the Democratic National Conven- Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 84; tion:
New-York, 35; New-Jersey, 8; Pennsylvania, 10; MarySir: We, the undersigned, members of the Committee land, 2; Virginis, 1; North Carolina, 1; Arkansas, j; on Credentials, feel constrained to dissent from many of Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, 2 ; Ohio, 23; Inthe views and a large portion of the action of the major- diana, 18 ; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, ity of the Committee in respect to the rights of delegates 4; Minnesota, 24–150. to seats referred to them by the Convention, and to re- Maryland, Í vote not voted; Tennessee, 1 vote not cast. spectfully recommend the adoption of the following reso
The question then recurred on adopting the majority lutions :
report, A division being called for, the vote was taken 1. Resolved, That B. F. Hallett is entitled to a seat in on the first resolution, admitting the original delegates this. Convention, as a delegate from the 5th Congression from Mississip ol, which was adopted almost unanimously, al district of the State of Massachusetts.
250 to 21. 2. Resolved, That Johnson B. Gardy is entitled to a The vote was then taken on the second resolution, seat in this convention as a delegate from the Sth Con admitting the Soulé (Douglas) Delegates from Louisiana, gressional district of the State of Missouri.
which resulted-Ays, 153; Nays, 98- as follows: 8. Resoloed, That James A. Bayard and William G. YEAS—Maine, 51; New-Hampshire, 44; Vermont, 4; Whiteley are entited to seats in this Convention as dele- Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 31; gates from the State of Delaware.
New-York, 35; New Jersey, 27; Pennsylvania, 10; Mary4. Resolved, that the delegation headed by R. W. land, 24; Virginia, 1; North Carolina, 2; Arkansas, 1 ; Johnson are entitled to seats in this Convention as dele. Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 2; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 28 ; Ingates from the State of Arkansas.
diana, 18; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 5. Resolved, That the delegation of which George W. 4; Minnesota, 27–158. Bryan is chairman are entitled to seats in this Conven- Nays-Maine, 24; New-Hampshire, t; Vermont, t; tion from the State of Texas.
Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24 ; New Jersey, 4; 6. Resowed, That the delegation of which John Tarle- Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 54; Virginia, ton is chairman are entitled to seats in this convention 13; North Carolina, 8; Arkansas, t, Missouri, 5; Ten28 delegates from the State of Louisiana.
nessee, 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 13; California, 7. Resolved, That the delegation of which L. P. Walker 4; Oregon, 8–98. is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Alabama.
So the second resolution was adopted. 8. That the delegation of which Henry L. Benning is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention as dele- mitting Col. Hindman and his colleagues (the original dele
The question was then taken on the third resolution, adgates from the State of Georgia. 9. Resolved, That the delegation from the State of his colleagues (the contestants) with power to cast one
gates) with power to cast two votes, and Mr. Hooper and Florida accredited to the Charleston Convention are in: vote ; and providing that, if either set of delegates refuse vited to take seats in this Convention and cast the vote to take seats, the other shall be entitled to cast the whole of the State of Florida.
vote of the State, (Arkansas). The Committee presented an elaborately
A division of the question being called for, the President argued report to sustain their resolutions, which decided that the resolution was divisible.
The question was taken on the three several propositions, was signed by
viz. :-ist. The admission of the Hindman delegates, which I. I. STEVENS, Oregon, E. W. HUBBARD, Va.,
was adopted, 182 to 69. 2d. The admission of the Hooper
delegates, which was adopted, 150 to 100%. 3d. On the A. R. SPEER, N. J., R. R. BRIDGERS, N. C., giving power to one set to cast the whole vote if the other H. M. North, Penn., W. H. CARROLL, Tenn., set withdrew, which was adopted without a division. JOHN H. Bewley, Del., Geo. H. MORROW, Ky, majority report, admitting the original delegation from
A vote was then taken on the fourth resolution of the D. S. GREGORY, Cal.
the State of Texas, which was adopted almost unaniIn the points of difference between the ma- mously, jority and minority reports of the Committee
A vote was next taken on the fifth resolution, admitting on Credentials, I concur in the conclusions of Bayard and Whiteley from Delaware. Adopted' without dlthe minority report in the cases of Georgia, The sixth resolution, giving R. L. Chaffee the seat in the Alabama, Missouri and Massachusetts.
Massachusetts delegation contested by Mr. Hallett, was
then adopted-yeas, 138, nays, lit. AARON V. Hughes, New-Hampshire. Mr. Stuart, of Michigan, at this point, made motions to reMr. Gittings, of Maryland, presented still an- ble, it being understood that the motions were not to be
consider each vote taken, and to lay the same on the taother report, concluding with the following put till votes on all the propositions had been taken. resolutions :
The seventh resolution, declaring J. O'Fallon entitled to
the seat in the Missouri delegation claimed by John B. Resoloed, That so much of the majority report of the Gardy, was then adopted-yeas, 1884, nays, 112. Committee on Credentials as relates to Massachusetts, The eighth resolution, admitting the contesting delegates Missouri, Delaware, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana and from Alabama, was next adopted. Yeas, 148} ; Nays, Texas, be adopted.
1013. Resoloed, That the delegation of which L. P. Walker
The question then being on the ninth and last resolution 1s chairman, be, and they are hereby, declared the only of the majority report, admitting both delegations from regularly authorized representatives of the State of Georgia, and dividing the vote of the State between them, Alabama, and as such are entitled to seats in the with the provision that, if either refused to take seats, the National Democratic Convention.
remaining delegates cast the vote of the State. Mr. Stevens demanded the previous question,
Before the vote was taken, Mr. Seward, of Georgia, prewhich was sustained by the Convention, and sented a communication from Col. Gardner, Chairman of
the contesting delegates from Georgia, withdrawing from the main question was ordered, but, without the contest, and the resolution was lost—1067 to 145. The taking the vote, the Convention adjourned. original (seceding) delegation from Georgia, headed by When the Convention assembled on the 22d, H. L. Benning, was subsequently admitted.
The President stated the next question to be upon lay. Mr. Gittings withdrew his report, which brought ing upon the table the motion to reconsider the vote by the minority report proper-that of Mr. Ste- which the Convention refused to substitute the resoluveps, of Oregon--first in order, and the question tions reported by the minority of the Committee on Crebeing put on the substitution of the whole dentials for those reported by the majority of said Comminority report for the report of the majority, The question being then taken by States, the motion to the motion was lost, 100 to 150, as follows:
lay on the table was not agreed to-yeas, 113}; Nays, 1281
-as follows: YBAS_Maine, 24; New Hampshire, t; Vermont, 1}; Yeas-Maine, 6t; New-Hampshire, 8; Vermont, 47; Massachusetts, 8 ; Connecticut, 21; New-Jersey, 4; Penn. Massachusetts, 6 ; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 8}; New
Jersey, 84; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2 ; North Caro- maintained and supported the Northern Democracy fcrror the lina, 1; Arkansas, t; Missouri, 41; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, reason that they are willing to attribute to us in the south 23 ; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 6; equality in the Union. The vote to-day has satisfie Low the Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21–1131.
majority of the North Carolina delegates that, that eve being Nays—Maine, 21; New-Hampshire, 2; Vermont, t; iefused by our brethren of the Northern Democracy Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 27; New-York, 35; New. Carolina--Rip Van Winkle, as you may call her an Do Jersey, 3}; Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, longer remain in this Convention. The rights of s Missovereigns 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 9 ; Arkansas, 1 ; Missouri, States and of gentlemen of the South have been deo ofenied by 41; Tennessee, 12; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 13; Cali- a majority of this body. We cannot act, as we butcodeeive, fornia, 4; Oregon, 8-138}.
in view of this wrong. I use the word "wrong "Kissio with 20 When New-York was called, her delegates asked time intention to reflect upon those gentlemen of the Nuisith to
nsult, but finally gave her thirty-five votes against Carolina delegation who differ with me or with the major. any the motion to lay upon the table, which, had it prevailed, of the delegation. For these reasons, without assigningy would have precluded all further reconsideration of the any more, as I have no idea of inflicting a speech upon subject.
this Convention, who are in no state of preparation to reThe question recurred upon the motion to reconsider the ceive it, I announce that eight out of ten of the votes of vote rejecting the minority resolutions.
North Carolina ask to retire. Mr. Cessna, of Pa., moved the previous question, which was sustained, and the question being taken by States,
WITHDRAWAL OF TENNESSEE. the motion to reconsider was rejected—103 to 149—as fol- Mr. Ewing, of Tennessee.--Mr. President, in behalf of
the delegation from Tennessee, I beg leave to address this YEAS-Maine, 24; New Hampshire, 2 ; Vermont, 1; Mas- Convention upon this occasion, so important, and, to us, sachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 21; New-Jersey, 45; Pennsyl- so solemn in its consequences. 'The delegation from Ten. vania, 17 , Delaware, 2 ; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North nessee have exhibited, so far as they knew how, every disCarolina, 9; Arkansas, t; Missouri, 44; Tennessee, 10; position to harmonize this Convention, and to bring its Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 11 ; California, 4; Oregon, & labors to a happy result. They were the first, when the 103.
majority platform was not adopted, to seek for some proNays-Maine, 5}; New-Hampshire, 3; Vermont, 4; Mas- position for compromise—something that would enable us sachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34 ; New- to . Armonize. They have a candidate who was dear to York, 85; New-Jersey, 21 ; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, them. They cast away his prospect for the sake of har2; North Carolina, i; Arkansas, t; Missouri, 44; Ten- mony. They have yielded all that they can. They have nessee, 2; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, endeavored, with all their power, to accomplish the result 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5'; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 27 they came here for; but they fear that the result is not to 149,
be accomplished in a manner that can render a just and The several motions to lay on the table the question of proper account to their constituents. We have consulted reconsidering the votes by which each of the resolutions together, and, after anxious and long deliberation, without of the majority had been adopted, were then put and car- kpowing exactly what phase this matter might finally preried in the affirmative, and the several delegates who had sent, we have not adopted any decisive rule for our action; been voted in were then admitted to seats.
but a large majority of our delegates some twenty to four
-have decided that, upon the result now obtained, we VIRGINIA WITHDRAWS.
shall ask leave of this Convention to retire, that we may Mr. Russell, of Virginia.- If it be the pleasure of your consult and announce our final action. We shall take no self, Mr. President and the Convention, I will now make further part in the deliberations of this Convention, unless the brief announcement of which I made mention this our minds should change; and of that I can offer you no morning.
reasonable hope. I will detain the Convention but a very brief time. I
A PORTION OF MARYLAND WITHDRAWS. understand that the action of this Convention upon the various questions arising out of the reports from the Mr. Johnson, of Maryland.-Mr. President, I am author, Committee on Credentials has become final, complete and ized by my colleagues to report the state of facts in regard irrevocable. And it has become my duty now, by direc- to a portion of the Maryland delegation. Representing, tion of a large majority of the delegation from Virginia, in part, a district in Maryland upon which the first blood respectfully to inform this body that it is inconsistent of the irrepressible conflict was shed, a district which sent with their convictions of duty to participate longer in its fifteen men in midwinter to the rescue of Philadelphia deliberations. (Loud applause in the Convention and in and New-Jersey, we are obliged now to take a step which the galleries, with loud cries from the galleries.)
dissolves our connection with you, and to bid you a final The disorder continued for some minutes, after which adieu. We have made all sacrifices for the grand old Mr. Russell resumed–The delegates from Virginia, Democratic party, whose mission it has been to preserve who participate in this movement, have come to the con- the Constitution and to care for the Republic for more clusion which I have announced, after long, mature and than sixty years, until it now seems as if you were going anxious deliberation, and after, in their judgment, hav- to substitute a man in the place of principle. (Calls to ing exhausted all honorable efforts to obviate this neces-order.) I desire to be respectful. I desire to say that the sity. In addition to the facts which appear upon your action of the majority of the late Convention-a majority record, I desire the attention of this body long enough created by the operation of a technical unit rule imposed only to state that it is ascertained that the delegations upon the Convention contrary to Democratic precedent to which you, sir, under the order of this Convention, and usage—States have been disfranchised, and districts have just directed tickets to be issued-some of them at deprived of their rights, until, in our opinion, it is no longer least and all of them whom we regard as the representa consistent with our honor or our rights, or the rights of tives of the Democracy of their States-will decline to our constituents, to remain here. Cherishing deeply and join here in the deliberations of this body. For the rest, warmly the remembrance of the many gallant deeds you the reasons which impel us to take this important stephave done for us in times past, hoping that hereafter no will be rendered to those to whom only we are responsi- occasion may ever occur to weaken this feeling, I now, on ble, the Democracy of the Old Dominion. To you, sir, behalf of the representatives of Maryland, tell you that and to the body over which you preside, I have only to in all future time, and in all future contests, our lot is cast say in addition that we bid you a respectful adieu. with the people of the South. Their God shall be our God,
I'he portion of the delegation from Virginia which re- and their country our country. (Applause.) tired then left their seats and proceeded out of the Hall, shaking hands with members of various delegations as
Mr. Glass, of Virginia, declined any further they passed along.
participation in the proceedings of the ConvenMr. Moffatt, of Virginia—made a speech in tion, but did not indorse the action of his cok defense of his course, and that of his colleagues leagues in withdrawing; who remaived in the Convention.
Mr. Watterson, of Tennessee, declined to
withdraw. WITHDRAWAL OF NORTH CAROLINA. Mr. Lander, of North Carolina.-Mr. President, painful
CALIFORNIA WITHDRAWS--AN EXCITEMENT. as the duty is, it is, nevertheless, my duty to announce Mr. Smith, of California, said : While I cannot say here, as a representative of the delegates from North Caro- with the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Jones) that my Una, that a very large majority of them are compelled to Democracy dates back to that time of which I have no re. retire permanently from this Convention on account of the collection, yet I can say that it is unspotted as the vault apjust action, as we conceive, that has this day been per- of heaven. California is here with melancholy facepetrated upon some of our sovereign States and fellow California is here with a lacerated heart, bleeding and citizens of the South. We of the South have heretofore' weeping over the downfall and the destruction of the Dee
mocratic party. (Applausc and laughter.) Yea, sir, the clare that we will not participate in the meantime in the destruction of the Democratic party, consummated by deliberations of this Convention, nor hold ourselves or af issins now grinding upon this floor. (Loud cries of constituents bound by its action, but leave both at full ," " order," " put him out,” and great confusion.) | liberty to act as future circumstances may dictate.
N. W. WILLIAMSON,
G. A. CALDWELL,
SAMUEL B. FIELD,
Thos. J. YOUNG.
L. GREEN, desire to be left free to act or not act, their desire being J. S. KENDALL,
R. M. JOHNSON, to leave the question open for the consideration of their Jos. B. BECK,
CAL. BUTLER, constituents after their return home.
D. W. QUARLES,
JAMES G. LEACH.
Mr. Reed, of Ky., spoke briefly in defense of
MISSOURI DEFINES HER POSITION.
Mr. Clark, of Missouri, announced as the reOn Saturday (230), Mr. Caldwell, of Kentucky, in beo sult of a consultation of a portion of the Mishalf of the delegation from that State, said:
The circumstances in which we (the Kentucky Dele. souri delegation, that two of that delegation gation) are placed are exceedingly embarrassing, and we had decided to withdraw from the Convention. have not therefore been enabled to come to an entirely Mr. Hill, of N. C., who had refused to retire harmonious conclusion. The result is, however, that nine with his colleagues on the previous day, now of the delegates of Kentucky remain in the Convention. (applause.) There are ten delegates who withdraw from announced his intention of withdrawing. the Convention.
Mr. Cessna, of Pennsylvania, called for the The exact character of their withdrawal is set forth in a vote upon his resolution to proceed to nominate single paragraph, with their names appended, which I
candidates for President and Vice-President. desire the Secretary to read before I sit down. There are five others-completing the delegation-who desire for
MR. CUSHING RESIGNS THE CHAIR. the present to suspend their connection with the action of this Convention. I will add here, that there may be Mr. Cushing resigned his post as presiding no misunderstanding, that I myself am one of those five, and we have also signed a short paper, which I shall also officer, in a brief speech, and left the chair. ask the Secretary to read to the Convention.
Gov. Tod, of Obio, immediately assumed the I am requested by those who withdraw from the con: chair, and was greeted with enthusiastic and vention, and by those who suspend their action for the present with the Convention, to say that it is their wish hearty cheers. After order was restored, he that their seats in this contention shall not be filled or said: occupied by any others; and that no one shall claim the right to cast their votes. The right of those remaining in
As the present presiding officer of this Convention by the Convention to cast their individual vote, is not dy us common consent of my brother Vice-Presidents, wita questioned in any degree. But we enterour protest great diffidence I assume the chair. When I announce against any one casting our vote.
to you that for thirty-four years I have stood up in that I will ask the Secretary to read the papers I have indi. district so long misrepresented by Joshua R. Giddings, cated, and also one which a gentleman of our delegation with the Democratic banner in my hand (applause), 1 has handed me, which he desires to be read. I ask that know that I shall receive the good wishes of this Conventhe three papers be read.
tion, at least, for the discharge of the duties of the chair.
If there are no privileged questions intervening, the
MASSACHUSETTS DESIRES A HEARING.
Objection was made by Mr. rejection of delegates from certain States. The to present a protest.
Cavanaugh, of Minnesota, and the States were called on communication was regarded as disrespectful to the question of proceeding to a vote for President. the Convention, and, on motion of Mr. Payne, When Massachusetts was called, Mr. Butler said : Mr. of Ohio, it was returned to the writer. The President, I have the instruction of a majority of the
delegation from Massachusetts to present a written proSecretary then read the other two communica- test. I will send it to the Chair to have it read. (Calls tions from the Kentucky delegation as follows : to order.). And further, with your leave, I desire to say
what I think will be pleasant to this Convention. First, To the Hon. Caled Cushing, President of the National that, while a majority of the delegation
from MassachuDemocratic Conoention, assembled in the city of setts do not purpose further to participate in the doings Baltimore :
of this Convention, we desire to part, if we may, to meet The Democratic Convention for the State of Kentucky, you as friends and Democrats again. We desire to part held in the city of Frankfort, on the 9th day of January, in the same spirit of manly courtesy with which we came 1864), among others, adopted the following resolution : together. Therefore, if you will allow me, instead of
Resolved, That we pledge the Democracy of Kentucky reading to you a long document, I will state, within par. to an honest and industrious support of the nominee of liamentary usage, exactly the reasons why we take the the Charleston Convention.
step we do. Since the adoption f this resolution, and the assembling Thanking the Convention for their courtesy, allow me of this Convention, er onts have transpired not then con to say that though we have protested against the action templated, notwithstanding which we have labored dili- of this body excluding the delegates, although we are not gently to preserve the harmony and unity of said Con- satisfied with that actionvention; but discord and disintegration have prevailed We have not discussed the question, Mr. President, to such an extent that we feel that our efforts cannot whether the action of the Convention, in excluding ceraccomplish this end.
tain delegates, could be any reason for withdrawal. We Therefore, without intending to vacate our seats, or to now put our withdrawal before you, upon the simple Join or participate in any other Convention or organiza ground, among others, that there has been a withdrawal tion n this city, and with the intention of again co- in part of a majority of the States, and further (and that, operating with this Convention, should its unity and perhaps, more personal to myself), upon the ground that barmony be restored by any future event, we now de-'I will not sit in a Convention where the African slave
| | | Breckinridge.
} | Breckinridge.
| || Guthrie.
trade-which is piracy by the laws of my country-is ap- i tion of the Cincinnati Platform, that, during the erlatstice provingly advocated. (Great sensation.)
of the Territorial Governments, the measure of restico A portion of the Massachusetts delegation here retired. tion, whatever it may be, imposed by the Federal Coil
Mr. Stevens, of Massachusetts, said-I am not ready tution on the power of the Territorial Legislature overthe at this moment to cast the vote of Massachusetts, the subject of the domestic relations, as the same has been, or delegation being in consultation as to their rights. shall hereafter be, finally determined by the Supreme Court
The call proceeded, the chairman of each Con- of the United States, should be respected by all good citivention making a speech on delivering the vote Lens, and enforced with promptness and fidelity by every
. of his State; and Mr. Stevens finally stated that, although a portion of the Massachusetts delega- tion, and this resolution was adopted, with on
Mr. Payne, of Obio, moved the previous ques. tion bad withdrawn, he wa instructed by his
two dissenting votes. remaining colleagues to cast the entire vote of the State.
THE BECEDERS' CONVENTIOX. Mr. Russell, of New York, withdrew the name The delegates who had withdrawn from the of Horatio Seymour as a candidate. The fol- Convention at the Front-Street Theater, to. lowing is the result of the ballotings for Presi- gether with the delegations from Louisiana and dent:
Alabama, who were refused admission to that Convention, met at the Maryland Institute on Saturday the 28th of June. Twenty-one States were represented either by full or partial dele. gations. The States not represented at all were Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine,
Michigan, New-Hampshire, New.Jersey, Ohio, Maine.
Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Wisconsin. New Hampshire.. 5
The Hon. Caleb Cushing, of Massachusetts, Vermont.
was chosen to preside, assisted by vice-preMassachusetts....10
sidents and secretaries. Rhode Island.... 4 Connecticut...... 3j
The Convention adopted a rule requiring a New-York.. .35
vote of two-thirds of all the delegates present New Jersey 23
to nominate candidates for President and VicePennsylvania ...10
.10 Maryland. 2}
President; also that each delegate cast the vote Virginia . 1$
to which he is entitled, and that each State cast North Carolina.
only the number of votes to which it is entitled Alabama Louisiana.
by its actual representation in the Convention. Arkansas
The delegates from South Carolina and Missouri..
Florida accredited to the Richmond ConvenTennessee Kentucky
13 tion, were invited to take seats in this. Ohio 23
A committee of five, of which Mr. Caleb Indiana.
Cushing was chairman, was appointed to adIllinois. 11
dress the Democracy of the Union upon the Wisconsin
principles which have governed the Convention Iowa...
in making the nominations, and in vindication Minnesota.
of the principles of the party. The Convention Total.......173}
also decided that the next Democratic On the first ballot, Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, received | National Convention be held at Philadelphia. ta vote from Maryland; Bocock, of Va., received 1 vote Mr. Avery, of N. C., chairman of Committee from Virginia ; Daniel . Dickinson, 1 vote from Virginia; on Resolutions, reported, with the unanimous and Horatio Seymour 1 vote from Pennsylvania.
On the announcement of the first ballot, Mr. Church, of sanction of the Committee, the Platforın reNew-York, offered the following:
ported by the majority of the Platform ComResolved unanimously, That Stephen A. Douglas, of mittee at Charleston, and rejected by the Conthe State of Ilinois, having now received two-thirds of all the votes given in this Convention, is hereby declared, in ac- vention, (see page 30) which was unanimously cordance with the rules governing this body, and in accord- adopted. ance with the uniform customs and rules of former Demo
The Convention adopted a resolution in. cratic National Conventions, the regular nominee of the Democratic party of the United States, for the office of structing the National Committee not to issue President of the United States,
tickets of admission to their next National ConMr. Jones, of Pennsylvania, raised the point of order, vention in any case where there is a bona fide that the resolution proposed practically to rescind a rule
contestant. of the Convention (requiring two-thirds of a full Convention, 202 votes, to nominate), and could not, under the The Convention then proceeded to ballot for rules, be adopted without one day's notice.
a candidate for President; and John C. BreckinThe Chair ruled that the resolution was in order, and ridge, of Ky., received the unanimous yote of after a lengthy, and animated debate it was withdrawn till after another ballot should be taken. When the result of the delegates present as follows : the second ballot had been announced, Mr. Church's re- Vermont..... Florida.. 8 Tennessee.. solution was called up again and passed.
Massachusetts. 8 Alabama. 9 Kentucky
Louisiana. 6 Minnesota Benj. Fitzpatrick, of Alabama, was nominated New-York .... 2
7 California Pennsylvania.. 4 Mississippi
4 for Vice-President, receiving 1984 votes, and Maryland...... # Texas. 4 Oregon.. Mr. William C. Alexander, of N. J., 1. [Mr. Virginia.......11: Arkansas. Fitzpatrick declined the nomination two days North Carolina. 81 Missouri.....
105 afterward, and the National Committee supplied
Georgia.......10 the vacancy, by the nomination of Herschel V.
For Vice-President Gen. Joseph Ladie, of Johnson, of Georgia).
Oregon, received the unanimous vote fof the Gov. Wickliffe, of Louisiana, offered the following resolu
Convention (105), on the first ballot. And tion as an addition to the Platform adopted at Charleston : then, after listening to a speech from Mr. Yancy, Resolved, That it is in accordanoe with the true interpreta- the Convention adjourned sine die.
HISTORY OF THE STRUGGLE
SLAVERY EXTENSION OR RESTRICTION.
MAINLY BY DOCUMENTS.
SLAVERY IN THE COLONIES.
and the whole continent, North and South of
the tropics, became a Slave-mart before the Lust of gold and power was the main im- close of the sixteenth century. pulse of Spanish migration to the regions beyond Holland, a comparatively new and Protestant the Atlantic. And the soft and timid Abori. State, unable to shelter itself from the regines of tropical America, especially of its proaches of conscience and humanity behind a islands, were first compelled to surrender what-Papal bull, entered upon the new traffic more ever they possessed of the precious metals to tardily; but its profits soon overbore all scruples, the imperious and grasping strangers ; next and British merchants were not proof against the forced to disclose to those strangers the sources glittering evidences of their success.
But the whence they were most readily obtained ; and tirst slave ship that ever entered a North finally driven to toil and delve for more, wher- American port for the sale of its human merever power and greed supposed they might chandise, was a Dutch trading-vessel which most readily be obtained. From this point, the landed twenty negro bondmen at Jamestown, transition to general enslavement was ready and the nucleus of Virginia, almost simultaneously rapid. The gentle and indolent natives, unac- with the landing of the Pilgrims of the Maycustomed to rugged, persistent toil, and revolt- flower on Plymouth Rock, December 22d, 1620. ing at the barsh and brutal severity of their The Dutch slaver had chosen his market with Christian masters, had but one unfailing re- sagacity. Virginia was settled by Cavalierssource-death,
Through privation, hardship, gentlemen-adventurers aspiring to live by their exposure, fatigue and despair, they drooped and own wits and other men's labor—with the necesdied, until millions were reduced to a few miser- sary complement of followers and servitors. able thousands within the first century of Span- Few of her pioneers cherished any earnest liking ish rule in America.
for downright, persistent, muscular exertion; A humane and observant priest (Las Casas,) yet some exertion was urgently required to clear witnessing these cruelties and sufferings, was away the heavy forest which all but covered the moved by pity to devise a plan for their termi- soil of the infant colony, and grow the tobacco nation. He suggested and urged the policy of which early became its staple export, by means substituting for these feeble and perishing of which nearly everything required by its “ Indians ” the hardier natives of Western At people but food was to be paid for in England. rica, whom their eternal wars and marauding The slaves, therefore, found ready purchasers invasions were constantly exposing to captivity at satisfactory prices, and the success of the first and sale as prisoners of war, and who, as a race, venture induced others; until not only Virginia might be said to be inured to the hardships and but every part of British America was supplied degradations of Slavery by an immemorial ex- with African slaves. perience. The suggestion was unhappily ap- This traffic, with the bondage it involved, had proved, and the woes and miseries of the few no justification in British nor in the early remaining Aborigines of the islands known to colonial laws; but it proceeded, nevertheless, us as “ West Indies," were inconsiderably pro much as an importation of dromedaries to relonged by exposing the whole continent for un- place with presumed economy our horses and numbered generations to the evils and horrors oxen might row do. Georgia was the first of African Slavery. The author lived to per- among the colonies to resist and condemn it in ceive and deplore the consequences of his ex- her original charter under the lead of her noble pedient.
founder-governor, General Oglethorpe ; but The sanction of the Pope having been ob the evil was too formidable and inveterate for cained for the African Slave-trade by represen- local extirpation, and a few years saw it estabtations which invested it with a look of philan- lished, even in Georgia ; first evading or defythropy, Spanish and Portuguese mercantile ing, and at length molding and transforming the avarice was readily enlisted in its prosecution I law.