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be very serious.-As a Briton, whose attachment to his country is well known, the public must suppose, that this alarming news has created a good deal of uneasiness in my mind, and they will, I trust, readily excuse the appeal I am about to make to their generosity. The Congress having declared the people of America to be the most enlightened people in the world, any decision of theirs must, of course, put an end to the dispute at once; I, therefore, solicit my readers to furnish me with their opinion. on the subject, that I may transmit it to England, without loss of time, and thereby avert the impending conflict, and prevent the unnecessary effusion of vast quantities of ink.
Several Antifederal publications, containing the most false and calumnious assertions, having lately appeared in the "Delaware and Eastern Shore Ad"vertiser," I hereby request the Editor to send me no more of his papers, and I shall be very careful not to trouble him with any of mine. He may excuse his conduct by the specious pretext of impartiality, and this may do with the silly and factiousWILMINGTONIANS; but for my part, I ascribe it either to weakness or wickedness, and as the fool is full as dangerous as the rogue, I wish to have a correspondence with neither.
SAMUEL SMITH OF BALTIMORE (commonly called the HERO OF MUD FORT) completely detected and exposed.
CHARGE I. Extract of a Letter from Dr. Thomas, dated Frederick, August 5, 1798.-" Mr. Baer says he heard General Smith say, (when talking of the douceur to Talleyrand and the Directory)
If he had been there he WOULD HAVE GIVEN
Frederick, August 5th, 1798." I certify, that the extracts of a letter from Colonel Howard, of the 10th ult. which appeared in the public papers, were published without the direction or knowledge of the author.
"I further declare, that the design in publishing the extracts or any part of them, was not from personal enmity to General Smith or any other person, nor from a desire of serving the political interest of any particular person, but solely with a view of serving the government of my country. "P. THOMAS."
CHARGE II. That, while the HERO OF MUD FORT was in Congress, his vessels and cargoes, were furnished with PROTECTIONS by THE FRENCH AGENTS HERE, in consequence of which, his property was secured from seizure, WHILE THAT OF HIS CONSTITUENTS WAS CONTINUALLY EXPOSED.
Proof." I hereby certify, that in the month of February 1797, I sailed as master of the brig Enterprize, on a voyage from Baltimore-was cleared out for Jeremie, an English port in the island of Hispaniola, but my real destination was the French port of Cape François in the said island-laden with flour, beef, oil, pork, and soap-and as appears by the bill of lading, for account of Messrs. Samuel and John Smith, Samuel Smith and Buchanan, and John Hollins;-and that before my sailing, I was furnished by Mr. John Hollins, in the presence of Captain Joshua Barney, with a French passport or protection. That Captain Barney observed at the time, that if I was boarded on my passage to Cape François, by any armed vessels of the French
republic, that I had nothing to do, but shew the protection, and they would not only see me safe into port, but render me all the assistance in their power. I do not recollect the form of the protection, but remember that it was signed by PASCAL, secretary to the French commission at Cape François-that after my return from Cape François, the said passport or protection was called for by Mr. Hollins, and by me returned to him.
"Baltimore, August 31, 1798."
"John C. Craft came before the subscriber, and made oath on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, that he was at the compting-house of Mr. George Sears when Captain Pease signed the certificate of his having sailed under a French passport-that after the certificate was signed the following conversation took place :
"Captain Pease said, Mr. Sears, I hope you don't intend to publish that certificate. Mr. Sears answered, I shall not publish it; but it is not intended to put away in my desk; it will go out of my hands, and I cannot say what use will be made of it; you need not be under any apprehensions concerning it, for if it is the truth it may be published to the world. Captain Pease answered, it is as true as the gospel.
"Sworn on the 6th September, 1796,
CHARGE III.-That THE HERO OF MUD FORT declared that, if the French were to invade or land in the country as enemies, he would not oppose them,
BUT WOULD RECEIVE THEM AS FRIENDS.
Proofs.-"Having been called upon to relate some observations of General Smith, before a circle of gentlemen on the exchange, where I was present, about three years since, I do, therefore, think it incumbent on me, and a justice I owe to my fellow citizens, to declare, that General Smith did say, speaking of the British treaty, and the probability of its being the cause of a war between the United States and France, If the French 66 were in to invade or land in this counconsequence
try as enemies, he would not oppose, but receive "them as friends." This I declare upon my honour to the best of recollection, if not the very words, to be in substance what he then said.
September 7, 1798."
"I have had similar conversation to the above with General Smith, to which I replied, that in case of such an event as he alluded to, I hoped the governor of his state, or some other commanding officer, would come forward, as I would not be under his command.
September 7, 1798.
N. B. Smith was, and still is commander of the militia in his state.
Thus the detestable conduct and the more detestable motives of this tool of France have, at last, been exposed to the world.-The second charge is that which ought to attract the attention of every one in a more particular manner, as it completely explains the whole of SMITH's conduct, from the year 1793 to the last session of Congress. People were surprised that he, who was a merchant of great
trade, should speak so unfeelingly on the subject of French spoliations. Whenever these were brought before the house, he treated them as a trifle, that was not worth disputing about, and still had the impudence to insist, that the spoliations of Great Britain, were more injurious to the country, though every one who heard him, knew that they were not a tenth part so great in amount. I have not the debate before me, but I very well recollect, that, during the extra session, he joined little Swanwick in the insolent assertion, that America had suffered more from British, than from French spoliations! This language from a merchant deeply interested in the security of commerce, was a mystery which puzzled every one, but which his FRENCH PRO-. TECTIONS have most satisfactorily explained to the meanest capacity. This discovery is a key to the riddle, and the poor BALTIMORIANS now stand gaping at each other, like a family of chuckle headed children, and wondering how they never came to think of it before!
By means of the FRENCH PROTECTIONS, Smith's property was always perfectly safe, while that of his constituents, and of other merchants in the country, were exposed to seizure and condemnation; it was, therefore, his interest, that the French spoliations should continue as long as possible, and agreeably to this interest we find he voted on every occasion!!! Republican Britons, you who are continually howling for a reform in Parliament, cease your clamours for a single moment and cast your eyes on this selfiish, this degraded, this double dealing representative of one of the first cities in America, and recollect, that it was the right of general suffrage, which you are now contending for, that enabled this man to betray the interest and honour of his country. I am far from supposing that this example will induce you to desist on the contrary,