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Congress-a coup-de-maitre time to try the difference between · Scott's tactics' On to Washington. which certainly would have and the Shanghae drill for quick movements. given the Southern move

“ Great cleansing and purification are needed and ment an alarming temporary ascendency. The will be given to that festering sink of iniquity, that cry at the South was—“On to Washington !" | wallow of Lincoln and Scott-the desecrated Cits At once to illustrate the fact here stated,

of Washington ; and many indeed will be the car

casses of dogs and caitiffs that will blacken the air and to show the spirit in which the revolu

upon the gallows, before the great work is accom. tionists saw proper to approach the subject, plished. So let it be." we may reproduce one of the almost number

The country was prepared less newspaper paragraphis designed to in

for the reply which Gover.

Virginia demanding flame the passions of their people. The

Explanations. Richmond Eraminer, edited by John M. returned to the President's call for troops.

nor Letcher, of Virginia, Daniels-Mr. Buchanan's charge to Turin—in The Virginia Convention, still in session, had its issue of April 23d, contained this article :

accomplished nothing definite since the pro" THE CAPTURE OF WASHINGTON. “ The capture of Washington City is perfectly ceedings recorded in Chapter IV of this vol

ume. within the power of Virginia and Maryland, if Vir

The dispatch of supplies to Sumter ginia will only make the effort by her constituted much strengthened the Secessionists in the authorities; nor is there a single moment to lose. Convention, and the President was forth with The entire population pant for the onset; there called upon for explanations, by a resolution

was half the unanimity among the people adopted April 8th, appointing Wm. Ballard before, nor a tithe of the zeal, upon any subject, Preston, Alexander H. H. Stuart, and George that is now manifested to take Washington, and W. Randolph “ Commissioners” to wait upon drive from it every Black Republican who is a Mr. Lincoln. The Unionists and some of the dweller there.

Conservatives of the Convention, opposed the “ From the mountain tops and valleys to the resolution, as designed to precipitate secesshores of the sea, there is one wild shout of fierce sion, but they failed of a majority. The “Comresolve to capture Washington City, at all and every missioners” called upon Mr. Lincoln, April human hazard. The filthy cage of unclean birds must and will assuredly be purified by fire. The 13th, presenting their resolution — which, people are determined upon it, and are clamorous with the President's patriotic reply, we for a leader to conduct them to the onslaught. here place on record : That leader will assuredly arise, aye, and that right

* To Hon. Messrs. Preston, speedily.

STUART, and RANDOLPH : “ It is not to be endured that this flight of Aboli

“GENTLEMEN : As a committion harpies shall come down from the black North tee of the Virginia Convention, now in session, you for their roosts in the heart of the South, to defile present me a preamble and resolution in these words: and brutalize the land. They come as our enemies “• Whereas, in the opinion of this Convention, the —they act as our most deadly fues—they promise uncertainty which prevails in the public mind as to us bloodshed and fire, and this is the only promise the policy which the Federal Executive intends to they have ever redeemed. The fanatical yell for pursue towards the Seceded States, is extremely the immediate subjugation of the whole South, is injurious to the industrial and commercial interests going up hourly from the united voices of all the of the country, tends to keep up an excitement North ; and for the purpose of making their work which is unfavorable to the adjustment of the pendo sure, they have determined to hold Washington City ing difficulties, and threatens a disturbance of the as the point from whence to carry on their brutal public peace ; therefore, warfare.

Resolved, That a committee of three delegates “Our people can take it--they will take it-and be appointed to wait on the President of the United Scott the arch-traitor, and Lincoln the Beast, com- States, present to him this preamble, and respectbined, cannot prevent it. The just indignation of fully ask him to communicate to this Convention the an outraged and deeply injured people will teach policy which the Federal Executive intends to purthe Illinois Ape to repeat his race and retrace his sue in regard to the Confederate States.' journey across the borders of the Free negro States “ In answer I have to say, that having, at the bestill more rapidly than he came; and Scott, the ginning of my official term, expressed my intended traitor, will be given an opportunity at the same policy as plainly as I was able, it is with deep re

Mr. Lincoln's Answer






str. Lincoln's Answer.

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Letcher's Proclama.


gret and mortification I now Governor Letcher replied
learn there is great and inju to the call for troops : “I

Governor Letcher's

Disloyalty. rious uncertainty in the public have only to say that the mind as to what that policy is, and what course 1 militia of Virginia will not be furnished to intend to pursue. Not having as yet seen occasion the powers at Washington for any such use to change, it is now my purpose to pursue the course

or purpose as they have in view. Your obmarked out in the Inaugural address. I commend a careful consideration of the whole document, as the ject is to subjugate the Southern States, and

a requisition made upon me for such an ol). best expression I can give to my purposes. As I then and therein said, I now repeat, · The power ject-an object, in my judgment, not within confided in me will be used to hold, occupy, and the purview of the Constitution or the Act possess property and places belonging to the Gov. of 1795—will not be complied with. You ernment, and to collect the duties and imports ; but have chosen to inaugurate civil war, and beyond what is necessary for these objects, there having done so, we will meet it in a spirit as will be no invasion, no using of force against or among determined as the Administration has exhibthe people anywhere. By the words ' property and ited towards the South." This piece of places belonging to the Government,' I chiefly allude treason and threat only anticipated the Secesto the military posts and property which were in pos- sionists in their now hurried action. It assession of the Government when it came into my sumed an open antagonism to the Federal hands. But if, as now appears to be true, in pur- authorities—thus, at one sweep of the pen, soit of a purpose to drive the United States authority from these places, an unprovoked assault has virtually placing the State out of the Union,

The been made upon Fort Sumter, I shall hold myself at whether the people willed it or not. liberty to repossess it, if I can, like places which following proclamation succeeded the answer had been seized before the Government was de to the Secretary of War : volved upon me; and in any event I shall, to the Whereas, seven of the States best of my ability, repel force by force. In case it formerly composing a part of proves true that Fort Sumter has been assaulted, as the United States have, by auis reported, I shall, perhaps, cause the United States thority of their people, solemnly resumed the powers mails to be withdrawn from all the States which granted by them to the United States, and have fram. claim to have seceded, believing that the commeuce- ed a Constitution and organized a Government for ment of actual war against the Government justi-themselves, to which the people of those States are fies and possibly demands it. I scarcely need to yielding willing obedience, and have so notified the say that I consider the military posts and property President of the United States by all the formalities situated within the States which claim to have se

incident to such action, and thereby become to the ceded, as yet belonging to the Government of the United States a separate, independent and foreign United States as much as they did before the suppower; and whereas, the Constitution of the United posed secession. Whatever else I may do for the States has invested Congress with the sole power purpose, I shall not attempt to collect the duties

'to declare war,' and until such declaration is made, and imposts by any armed invasion of any part of the President has no authority to call for an extrathe country; not meaning by this, however, that I ordinary force to wage offensive war against any may not land a force deemed necessary to relieve a foreign Power; and whereas, on the 15th instant, fort upon the border of the country. From the fact the President of the United States, in plain violation that I have quoted a part of the Inaugural address, of the Constitution, issued a proclamation calling for it must not be inferred that I repudiate any other a force of seventy-five thousand men, to cause the part, the whole of which I reaffirm, except so far as laws of the United States to be duly executed over what I now say of the mails may be regarded as a a people who are no longer a part of the Union, and modification,"

in said proclamation threatens to exert this unusual This answer left no doubt as to the Presi- force to compel obedience to his mandates ; and dent's mode of treatment of the Southern erup- jority approaching to entire unanimity, declared at its

whereas, the General Assembly of Virginia, by a ma. tion, and the Commissioners returned home last session, that the State of Virginia would consider to report that—"Virginia's honor and inter- such an exertion of force as a virtual declaration of est alike demanded immediate secession, and war, to be resisted by all the power at the command à unity with the Confederate States in a of Virginia ; and subsequently the Convention now in common cause."

session, representing the sovereignty of this State,

of Secession.

has reaffirmed in substance the same policy, with not only to the injury of the almost equal unanimity; and whereas, the State of people of Virginia, but to the

Virginia's Ordinance Virginia deeply sympathizes with the Southern oppression of the Southern States in the wrongs they have suffered and in the Slaveholding States : position they have assumed, and having made earn- “Now, therefore, we, the people of Virginia, do est efforts peaceably to compose the differences declare and ordain, that the ordinance adopted by which have severed the Union, and having failed in the people of this state in Convention on the twentythat attempt, through this unwarranted act on the fifth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thoupart of the President; and it is believed that the in- sand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the fuences which operate to produce this Proclama Constitution of the United States of America was tion against the Seceded States will be brought to ratified, and all acts of the General Assembly of this bear upon this Commonwealth, if she should exer- State ratifying or adopting amendments to said Concise her undoubted right to resume the powers stitution, are hereby repealed and abrogated; that granted by her people, and it is due to the honor of the union between the State of Virginia and the Virginia that an improper exercise of force against other States under the Constitution aforesaid, is her people should be repelled; therefore, I, John hereby dissolved, and that the State of Virginia is Letcher, Governor of the Commonwealth of Vir in the full possession and exercise of all the rights ginia, have thought proper to order all armed vol- of sovereignty which belong and appertain to a free unteer regiments or companies within the State and independent State. And they do further deforthwith to hold themselves in readiness for imme- clare that said Constitution of the United States of diate orders, and upon the reception of this Procla- America is no longer binding on any of the citizens mation to report to the Adjutant General of the of this State. State their organization and numbers, and prepare “ This ordinance shall take effect and be an act themselves for efficient service. Such companies. of this day, when ratified by a majority of the votes as are not armed and equipped will report that fact, of the people of this State, cast at a poll to be taken that they may be properly supplied.

thereon, on the fourth Thursday in May next, in “ In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my

pursuance of a schedule hereafter to be enacted. hand and caused the seal of the Commonwealth to

“ Done in Convention in the city of Richmond, on be affixed, this 17th day of April, 1861, and in the

the seventeenth day of April, in the year of our eighty-fifth year of the Commonwealth.

Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, “JOHN LETCHER."

and in the eighty-fifth year of the Commonwealth

of Virginia. Against this high-handed tyranny the

“ A true copy,

JNO. L. EUBANK, Unionists of the State were powerless; and

Secretary of Convention." under the pressure and terrorism of secession, Thus was consummated the long-labored. the Convention quickly went through the for withdrawal of the “Old Dominion" from farce of passing a Secession Ordinance, as the Union wherein it had for years shone as follows, viz. :

the first star, but in which it was rapidly An“ Ordinance to repeal the rati- paling, owing to the ascendancy of the more Virginia's Ordinance

fication of the Constitution of vigorous and equitably governed Free States. of Secession.

the United States of America, To say the act was an usurpation and an outby the State of Virginia, and to resume all the rights and powers granted under said Constitution," which rage upon the people is to repeat what a

large majority of the resident population and passed the State Convention on the 17th of April,

land-owners sooner or later asseverated – 1861 :

what the action of the people of Western “ The people of Virginia, in the ratification of

Virginia in forming a new Government prothe Constitution of the United States of America, adopted by them in Convention, on the 25th day of claimed; but, it was a step which would June, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven

have been taken two months previously, had hundred and eighty-eight, having declared that the it not been for the unflinching front presentpowers granted under the said Constitution were ed by the Unionists, (see page 245, Vol. I] derived from the people of the United States, and who were, at the last hour, only overridden might be resumed whensoever the same should be by a system of terrorism, which forever must perverted to their injury and oppression, and the stain Virginia “chivalry” with the stigma of Federal Government having perverted said powers, dishonor.


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The First in the


Massachusetts' Re



On to Washington !" | shop and the plough, their nets and barges, soon became the rallying homes and kindred, inspired by the love of

cry throughout the North. country, and the rights of mankind.” The mere intimation of the programme for To place on record the seizing the Capital, filled all minds with a story of the gathering in lively apprehension of the danger at hand, Massachusetts, will illusand bastened the movements of the military trate the spirit which animated her sons in authorities of the several States. To Penn- embarking in the Union's defense; while the sylvania belongs the honor of having placed orders issued for the service, by the State the first troops in Washington-six hundred Executive, show to mankind what energy and reaching the Capital on the fourth day after unflinching Will control that section of the the President's call. Massachusetts may, Union, which it pleased certain Southern however, claim the credit for being first in orators and writers to characterize as the the field" with her regiments, as she was the abode of “mudsills” and “ tinkers."*

We first to suffer in the Union's cause. The

* Let us here refer to a special case. The leadreadiness of the “Old Bay State" to meet the ing organ of Southern Views and Pro-Slavery crisis is characteristic of the spirit of her Polity was De Bow's Review. Its course, for the people, and of the intelligence of her rulers. six years preceding 1860, was one of studied defaForeseeing the coming conflict, a General mation of the North and its people. It prevaricated Order was issued as early as January 16th facts, falsified figures, misstated local and national (1861), for placing the militia on a footing for issues, traduced character and motives, and, in service. April 1st the Legislature passed an

short, devoted all the resources of a malignant act appropriating twenty-five thousand dol- mind, to develop the idea of Southern independ

How will the reader be astonished to learn lars for equipments and cartridges for two

that the Review was printed by Northern presses, thousand troops. Over three thousand new

and supported almost wholly by Northern patrons ! Springfield (rifle) muskets were distributed.

It was ostensibly published in Washington and New When the hour came it found Massachu- Orleans; but was composed, printed and bound at setts prepared. “Forewarned, forearmed !” | 79 John street, New York; was there boxed seapparently was her motto. Adjutant-Gene- cretly and sent away to come back to subscribers ral Schouler, in his Report for 1861, says : from the South. Its circulation scarcely ever ex"For three months previous to the attack on ceeded thirty-five hundred copies; yet, by repreSumter our volunteer militia, in anticipation sentations of its enormous Southern patronage," of some great traitorous movement in the

it was enabled to obtain a heavy advertising list. South, had been drilling almost nightly in

From this source the politic De Bow pocketed from their several armories, so that when the

ten to fifteen hundred dollars monthly-all contrisummons came from the President, the ‘fiery Review only lived to defame. The moral turpitude

buted by that Northern capital and energy which his cross' was sent over the Commonwealth, and, and baseness of the Secession spirit had an active, in obedience to the call, men came forth as

living embodiment in the moral turpitude and basein the brave days of old, leaving the work

ness of De Bow's Review.


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Massachusetts' Re


Massachusetts' Re


will, therefore, quote from ed to Stoneham, with orders for
the Adjutant-General's re- Captain Dike. He reported to

me at eight o'clock the next The first call for troops was by a telegram from morning, that he found Captain Dike at his house in Senator Wilson, dated at Washington, April 15th, Stoneham, at two o'clock in the morning, and placed requesting twenty companies to be sent immedi- your Excellency's orders in his hands; that he read ately to Washington, and there mustered into ser- them, and said: Tell the Adjutant-General that I vice. In the course of the day were received formal shall be at the State House with my full company requisitions by telegraph from the Secretary of War by eleven o'clock to-day.' True to his word, he and Adjutant-General of the United States, for two reported at the time, and that afternoon, attached full regiments of the Massachusetts militia. In com- to the Sixth, the company left for Washington. pliance there with, Special Order No. 14 was issued | Two days afterward, on the 19th of April, during on the same day, directing Colonel Jones, of the that gallant march through Baltimore, which is now Sixth regiment, Colonel Packard, of the Fourth, a matter of history, Captain Dike was shot down Colonel Wardrop, of the Third, and Colonel Mun while leading his company through the mob. Sev. roe, of the Eighth, to muster their respective com- eral of his command were killed and wounded, and mands on the Boston Common forth with, ‘in com- he received a wound in the leg, which will render pliance with a requisition made by the President him a cripple for life.” of the United States.' This order was sent by mail The two regiments for Fortress Monroe deand by special messengers to the Colonels, who parted by steamers on the evening of April severally resided at Lowell, Quincy, New Bedford, 17th.

The Sixth regiment left for Washand Lynn. The companies were scattered through ington the same evening by railway, ria New the cities and towns of Plymouth Bristol, Norfolk,

York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. GenEssex, and Middlesex counties.

In obedience to orders, nearly every company in the eral Butler, with the Eighth, followed on the above regiments arrived in Boston the next day. The succeeding day. The Sixth cut its way first were three infantry companies from Marble through Baltimore; the Eighth opened the head, under Captains Martin, Phillips, and Board- route to the Capital through Annapolis, in man. They arrived at the Eastern depot at nine company with the New York Seventh, (Nao'clock, A. M., and were welcomed by a large mul- tional Guards.) The Third and Fourth titude of people, who cheered the gallant and de reached Fortress Monroe April 20th--thus voted men as they marched to their quarters at securing that stronghold from the conspirFaneuil Hall, through rain and sleet, to the music

The Third embarked the of · Yankee Doodle.' During the entire day the

same day on the Pawnee, for Norfolk, where troops arrived at Boston by the different railroad

it assisted in destroying the immense proptrains.

“A dispatch from Senator Wilson on this day erty of that valuable Depot and Navy-yard(April 16th,) stated that Massachusetts was to fur all of which was offered up on the shrine of nish immediately four regiments, making one bri- revolution,- an offering which the country gade, with one Brigadier-General. Brigadier-Gene- will be slow to believe was justified or ral Benjamin F. Butler, Third Brigade, Second Divi- | proper. sion, M. V. M., was ordered on the 17th to take

The passage South of the Massachusetts command of the troops."

men created the most intense enthusiasm The orders detailed the Fourth and Third along the route. It was a march between regiments to proceed to Fortress Monroe- walls of human beings, waving kerchiefs and the Sixth and Eighth to Washington direct, banners over them, and speeding them on the two latter under general command of their way with blessings. Baltimore was General Butler. These incidents are added : reached at noon on the 19th. The Sixth " Captain Pratt, in command of the Worcester

was closely followed by the Pennsylvania company, received his order to join the Sixth regi.

Seventh ment late in the afternoon of the 16th, and he was

an unarmed regiment. Colonel in Boston with his full command early on the morn.

Jones, of the Massachusetts Sixth, in his reing of the 17th. It was nine o'clock in the evening port of April 22d-after the arrival at Washof the 16th before your Excellency decided to at. ington-thus recounted the incidents of the tach the commands of Captains Sampson and Dike attack on his men, in the streets of Balti to the Sixth regiment. A messenger was dispatch. | more :

ator's grasp.

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