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while the band played “Yankee Doodle" and the main gates destroyed by fire, the gorge wall se“Hail to the Chief." From the Isabel the riously injured, the magazine surrounded by flames, garrison was conveyed to the transport Bal- and its door closed from the effects of the heat, four tic, still anchored outside the bar. The Bal- barrels and three cartridges of powder only being tic sailed for New York Tuesday evening, available, and no provisions but pork remaining, I April 16th.
accepted terms of evacuation, offered by General
Beauregard, being the same offered by him on the Major Anderson's disMajor Anderson's
11th instant, prior to the commencement of hostil. Official Dispatch. patch to his Government
ities, and marched out of the fort Sunday afternoon, was almost laconic in its
the 14th instant, with colors flying and drums beatbrevity. It, however, told the whole story : ing, bringing away company and private property, STEAMSHIP BALTIC, OFF SANDY HOOK,
and saluting my flag with fifty guns. April 18th, 1861.
ROBERT ANDERSON, The Honorable S. Cameron, Secretary of War. Wash
Major, First Artillery. ington, D. C.:
This ended the drama of Sumter-a drama Sir: Having defended Fort Sumter for thirty. which served to prelude the grander tragedy four hours, until the quarters were entirely burned, I of the War for the Union.
PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S PROCLAMATION CALLING FOR SEVENTY
FIVE THOUSAND TROOPS. RESPONSES OF THE STATES.
The collision at Sumter | purpose !—the centuries neThe Awakening. was the requiein of peare. ver recorded such a spec
The Awakening The first announcement, to tacle, and truly the centuthe North, by telegraph, thrilled and excited ries may not record a struggle like that the people with the hopes and fears of battle; / which came of the bombardment of Fort
came the consciousness of the awful Sumter. crime committed in the assault upon a The President found himself suddenly United States garrison even before any act of overwhelmed with congratulations at the offense had been offered, and the public heart policy inaugurated, and with offers of aid. bounded as with one mighty impulse to the general apprehension that he had no avenge the act. In a few brief hours parti- power, [Sec Constitution, Art. I, Sec. 8,] withsan passions and political prejudices were out the consent of Congress, to call out troops swept away; as, when some appalling calam- and to initiate war, led the majority to infer ity visits a community all men become that nothing could be done in the premises brothers, so all those loving the Uniun and until Congress was convened. the Constitution became associates in a com- the impression was general that,
The world never before wit- President had no power to call out the troops, nessed such a solemn uprising. It was not none would be forthcoming to repress the more solemn than it was fearful. Nineteen revolution. Even up to the very hour of the millions of population swayed by one over- responses to the Proclamation, (April 15th.) powering impulse-moved by one overmaster- | the Southern people believed it impossible ing sympathy - stirred by one relentless that a majority of Congressmen would favor
At the South
the policy of " coercion :” how they miscon- it necessary thus to resort to military force, ceived the truth but a few days were neces- he shall command the insurgents by proclasary to demonstrate.
mation to disperse within a limited time. The President's Proclamation was not long The manifesto of the Exwithheld, and the public then learned that ecutive was as follows: the Executive was vested with full powers to By the President of the United States :
meet the emergencies.* The The Act of 1795.
unrepealed and unmodified " Whereas, The laws of the United States have
Act of 1795, (see Vol. I, p. been for some time past and now are opposed, and 6,1 gave him all requisite authority to call the execution thereof obstructed, in the States of an army and all its necessary consequents South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Missisinto the field, over which, as Commander-in-sippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too Chief, (see Constitution, Art. II, Sec. 2,] he powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course
of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in could exercise supreme control. The Act
the Marshals by law: gave the President power to call upon the
“Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President militia in case of invasion, or imminent dan
of the United States, in virtue of the power in me ger of invasion; in case of insurrection in vested by the Constitution and the laws, have any State against the laws thereof, if called thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, upon by the Legislature or Executive of the the Militia of the several States of the Union, to the State; and, finally, “whenever the laws of aggregate number of 75,000, in order to suppress the United States shall be opposed, or the said combinations, and to cause the laws to be duly execution thereof obstructed, in any State, executed. The details for this object will be immeby combinations too powerful to be
diately communicated to the State authorities
suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial pro
through the War Department.
“I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, ceedings, or by the powers vested in the Marshals, in this act, it shall be lawful for rity, and the existence of our National Union and
and aid this effort to maintain the honor, the integ. the President of the United States to call
the perpetuity of popular government, and to reforth the militia of such, or of any other dress wrongs already long enough endured. State or States, as may be necessary to sup- “ I deem it proper to say, that the first service press such combinations, and to cause the assigned to the force hereby called forth, will laws to be duly executed; and the use of the probably be to repossess the forts, places and militia so to be called forth, may be con- property which have been seized from the Union, tinued, if necessary, until the expiration of aud in every event, the utmost care will be obthirty days after the commencement of the served, consistently with the objects aforesaid, to then next session of Congress.” The Act avoid any devastation, any destruction of, or inter
ference with property, or any disturbance of peacealso requires that, when the President deems
ful citizens in any part of the country; and I hereby * The belief prevailed in Europe that our Execu- cominand the persons composing the combinations tive was powerless to repress a rebellion. Thus, aforesaid, to disperse and retire peaceably to their the London News--ever friendly to the cause of the respective abodes, within twenty days from this North-in its issue of April 9th, said : “Iu Europe date. we cannot understand how it is that a Chief Magis- · Deeming that the present condition of public trate is without what may be called an Executive ; | affairs presents an extraordinary occasion, I do he is in authority, but has no authority to act hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested by the promptly and energetically. With us it would huve Constitution, convene both Houses of Congress. been a word and a blow. Rebellion would have encount- The Senators and Representatives are therefore ered opposition from the first moment of its raising is summoned to assemble at their respective chamtead, and the slruggle would not terminate until the insur. bers at twelve o'clock, noon, on Thursday, the reciion had been put down or had achieved a revolutim. fourth day of July next, then and there to consider In America it is different. There are so many Sove and determine such measures as, in their wisdom, reign States, that there appears to be no compact the public safety and interest may seem to demand. with the measure of the law. The Republic is “In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my divided, outraged, insulted, but no action has been hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be taken."
The Carnival of
the States. •
hand and caused the seal of the United States to be sition—characterizing the call as illegal and affixed.
unconstitutional. North Carolina, Tennes“Done at the city of Washington, this fifteenth
see and Virginia, coupled threats of open reday of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand
sistance to any attempt at coercion. eight hundred and sixty-one, and of the independ
It would not be possible, ence of the United States the eighty-fifth. “ ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
in the compass of an ordi“ By the President,
nary octavo, to tell the WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Sec. of State." story of military and popular demonstrations
This was immediately which soon became the one absorbing fact The Requisitions upon
followed by the requisi- throughout the entire North. Each section
tions of the War Depart- seemed to vie in patriotism and devotion. ment upon the Governors of the still loyal in Public assemblages everywhere testified States for the troops, apportioning the quotas in their corporate capacities, to assure Govof each. This document read:
ernment of their support. Subscriptions to “ War DEPARTMENT, the Treasury were volunteered to an amount WASHINGTON, April, 1861.
which soon reached many millions of dollars. “Sır: Under the act of Congress 'for calling Local arrangements were made for the care forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, of the families of those who should enter the suppress insurrection, repel invasion,' &c., ap. ranks. In almost numberless instances, emproved February 28th, 1795, I have the honor to request your Excellency to cause to be immediately ployers gave notice that the pay of those in detached from the militia of your State the quota their service, who enlisted, should not be indesignated in the table below, to serve as infantry termitted during the three months' military or riflemen for the period of three months, unless duty. American flags floated from housesooner discharged.
tops, windows and doors—were used as deco" Your Excellency will please communicate to me rations in parlors, offices, shops and stores-the time at or about which your quota will be ex ornamented the heads of horses in the street pected at its rendezvous, as it will be met, as soon
-flew by upon every locomotive-Auttered as practicable, by an officer or officers to muster it from every mast-peak. It seemed as if exinto the service and pay of the United States. the same time the oath of fidelity to the United pressions of patriotism never would have States will be administered to every officer and
an end; for where flags could not be used, as on the persons
men, women and chil“ The mustering officer will be instructed to re. dren, “ Union badges," red, white and blue ceive no man under the rank of commissioned officer rosettes, and the National shield, came into who is in years apparently over forty-five, or under requisition. “Young America” flew to drums, eighteen, or who is not in physical strength and fifes, swords, and military caps—schools, for vigor."
the while, being almost deserted for the paThe responses to this rade ground, or to witness the daily passage Response of the
call were almost immediate, of troops on their hurried way to the Soutii.
in the heaviest States. The tocsin sounded from the pulpit, from the Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Massa- press, from the forum : the most apathetic chusetts, all had anticipated the worst, and “conservative" must have loved treason well had partially prepared for it by legislative to have withstood their flood of commingled action, in placing their militia in a state of argument, invective, and calls to duty. readiness. The responses from the Border
It was, indeed, a carnival of patriotism, Slave States, viz. : North Carolina, Virginia, which the spirits of the Fathers of the ReKentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Arkansas, public must have contemplated with sublime came in by April 20th. In every instance emotions. It was the marriage of the heart their Governors refused to answer the requi- of 176 with the soul of '61.
HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF
SUMMARY OF EVENTS.-N0. 4.
FROM APRIL 16TH, TO JULY 4TH, 1861.
April 16.— The excitement in the North increas- | New York. It has an imposing reception by the ing. Great satisfaction expressed by all classes at people. The Fourth Massachusetts soon follows. the course of the Administration. The Governors
- The steamer Star of the West, a transport sent of the Free States respond with alacrity to the
for the troops disbanded by General Twiggs, in Proclamation by taking immediate steps to comply. Texas, is seized at Indianola, and taken into New Offers of money begin to flow in upon the Govern
Orleans. Its crew is sent North. ment from banks, wealthy individuals, cities and
— The Treasury Department at Washington or. corporate companies.
ders no clearances for any port south of Maryland. - Governor Magoffin refuses to furnish Kentucky's | All coast commerce therefore ceases. quota of troops called for by the President. He writes an offensive reply to the call.
April 19.--Harper's Ferry armory and public
store houses are fired by the Government Guard to -Governor Letcher, of Virginia, refuses to com
prevent them from falling into the hands of the rev. ply with the call for troops. He writes a treasona.
olutionists. The garrison, under Lieutenant Jones, ble letter to the President, and proclaims that Vir
makes a night march through Maryland to Carlile ginia will arm for defense.
Barracks. -Governor Harris, of Tennessee, refuses to com
-Attack on the Massachusetts Sixth regiment by ply with the call. He assumes that Tennessee will
the mob of Baltimore. Two of the troops killed, repel all attempts at coercion.
and eleven wounded-one mortally. Eleven of the --Governor Jackson, of Missouri, refuses to com- mob killed, and four wounded. The city all in arms. ply with the call. His reply is highly offensive and Governor Hicks informs the President that no more treasonable.
troops can pass through Baltimore without fighting - The Confederate Government issues a procla. their way. Railway track torn up and bridges demation calling for 32,500 troops--making 75,000 in stroyed on the Philadelphia road. The Fourth all called out by President Davis. Great exertions Pennsylvania regiment in Baltimore, en route for are making by the rebel War Department to place Washington, is assailed and compelled to disband, its troops rapidly in the field in Virginia.
being unarmed. The troops return to Philadelphia, -Fort Pickens reenforced and re-provisioned by where the New York Seventh regiment soon arrives.
The route via Baltimore being thus impracticable, the United States' transports, which sailed from New York, April 8–10th. The fort is now pro- transports are furnished, and the troops, after a pounced safe from all attempts to carry it by bom- day's delay, pass on to Washington by Annapolis. bardment or assault. General satisfaction is ex
- The President of the United States announces pressed at this announcement.
a blockade of the ports in all rebellious States. -Several military companies reach Washington April 20.-Immense Union demonstration in New from Pennsylvania, in answer to the President's York City. Sixty thousand citizens of all parties call. They are the first on the roll of honor. and classes participate.
April 17.—The Sixth Massachusetts regiment of -The Gosport Navy Yard burned. Property to State militia is the first complete regiment to re- the amount of about eleven millions of dollars despond to the requisition for troops, and starts for stroyed, by order of the Commanding-officer, ComWashington by railway this evening. The Fourth modore Macauley. Much of the property-includ. Massachusetts is on the point of starting.
ing 1,500 guns of various calibre-was afterwards - The Virginia State Convention passes an ordi
rescued from fire and water by the revolutionists, nance of secession, in secret session--vote 60 to 53.
and furnished them with valuable guns for their Governor Letcher, of that State, recognizes the in- batteries and defenses. dependence of the Southern Confederacy, by proc- - Branch Mint at Charlotte, North Carolina, seiz lamation.
ed by the revolutionists. John C. Breckenridge April 18.—Major Anderson reaches New York in makes a treasonable speech at Louisville. the transport Baltic. He is received with great ac
-Bridges on the Northern (Maryland) Railroad clamation, and becomes the hero of the day.
burned. Arsenal at Liberty, Missouri, seized. Mob ---More Pennsylvania troops reach Washington, law prevailing in Baltimore. Volunteers rapidly including an artillery company. The Sixth Massa- concentrating at Philadelphia. Fortress Monroe chusetts regiment-over 1,000 strong--pass through I reenforced and placed beyond danger of seizure.
April 21.- The United States War Department -Indiana votes $500,000 to arm its troops, and to takes possession of the Philadelphia and Baltimore provide for the defense of the State. Railroad, and proceeds to repair it for military use. May 1.-State Convention bill passes the North
- Thousands of “war sermons” preached in Carolina Legislature. Rhode Island Legislature Northern cities. The clergy are alınost unanimously meets. That State is pronounced " loyal to the patriotic and loyal. The effect on the public mind
core.' is highly inspiriting.
May 2.-Judge Campbell, of Alabama, one of the April 22.–United States arsenals seized at Fay- United States Supreme Court Judges, resigns. etteville, North Carolina, and at Napoleon, Arkan. Judge Catron, of Tennessee, and Judge Taney, of gas. Great appropriations of funds by city authori- Maryland, still retain seats on the Supreme Bench. ties to aid in equipping troops. Great Union de- May 3.-The President of the United States issues monstration in Lexington, Kentucky,—which State
a second call for troops, viz: 42,000 additional polis pronounced to be for the Constitution and the
unteers “ to serve for three years, or for the war;" Union, in spite of Breckenridge's defection.
22,000 additional regulars; 18,000 additional sea- The Vermont Legislature assembles in extra This will give the Union an army of 176,000 session to provide for the emergencies of war. The men. Massachusetts Sixth regiment lands at Annapolis, --The Connecticut Legislature votes $2,000,000 and immediately seizes the railway to Washington. for war purposes. The Annapolis Naval School disorganizes--the New
May 4.-Meeting at Cleveland, Ohio, of the Gov. York Seventh, occupying its grounds. The old ship Constitution is saved from seizure.
ernors of Western and Middle States to concert plans
for a co-operation. Committee of the Maryland LeApril 23.—Martial law is proclaimed in Balti- gislature visit Mr. Lincoln to learn his purposes. Governor Hicks, of Maryland, protests
May 5.—Brigadier - General Butler in possession against the occupation of Annapolis.
of the Relay House station, Maryland. This serves - The First South Carolina regiment starts for as a menace to the Maryland mob and secures dithe North.
rect railway communication with Washington. -Troops from Georgia and Mississippi are under - Expiration of the “ day of grace" allowed by orders for Virginia.
President Lincoln for those in rebellion to return to April 24.–Fort Smith, in Arkansas, seized. Ex- their allegiance. tra session of the Kentucky Legislature called. No — The Confederate Congress formally declares fears apprehended that Governor Magoffin can war as existing with the United States. affect its loyalty.
May 6.-Virginia admitted to the Southern ConApril 25.--Major Sibley, of the United States'
federacy-seventeen days prior to the day on which Army, surrenders 450 troops to the rebels, “ upon the people of that State are permitted to vote on the demand," at Saluria, Texas. Fort Smith, in Ark. Ordinance. ansas, seized by a force of cut-throats under Solon
--The Arkansas State Convention passes an Ordi. Borland.
nance of Secession. Vote 69 to 1. The Ordinance - The New York Seventh regiment reaches Wash is not to be submitted to the people. ington. It is received with great joy, and the Capi
-The Confederate Government proclaims the tal is regarded as safe.
War and Privateer act. - Virginia "annexed" to the Southern Confeder
- The Kentucky Legislature meets in extra sesacy, by proclamation of Governor Letcher. The
sion. people have had no voice in the matter.
- The Tennessee Legislature pass a “ declaration -United States Senator Douglas declares for the
of independence,” which is to be submitted to a Union, and the enforcement of the laws. He takes
vote of the people, June 8th. strong grounds in support of the Administration.
May 7.--Governor Harris, of Tennessee, an. April 26.-Governor Brown, of Georgia, prohib
nounces a “ league" with the Confederate States. its the payment of debts due to citizens of the Free
It throws the State under control of the ConfedStates, ordering the amounts due to be paid into
erate army, and awes the Unionists into submission. the State Treasury. North Carolina Legislature Union sentiments soon become treasonable. called in extra session. More bridges burned in Maryland, by the secessionists. Large numbers of
----Michigan Legislature meets. secessionists passing into Virginia from Maryland. May 8.- The Governor of Ohio calls for 100,000 Governor Burton, of Delaware, issues his call for troops to be held as a militia reserve, organized aud troops in response to the President's proclamation. ready for service.
April 27.-- The President issues a snpplementary May 9.--First landing of Federal troops in Baltiproclamation, announcing the blockade of ports in more (by steamers) since the 19th of April. Virginia and North Carolina. Twenty-one thousand -The Confederate Congress authorizes Presideat troops reported to be in Washington. The rebels Davis to accept all volunteers that offer, in regia are concentrating forces to menace Washington, ments, battalions, companies or singly. which thus becomes the strategic point. General
May 10.—Major-General Robert E. Lee, of Vir. Scott in full command of the United States forces.
ginia-late Colonel in the United States army April 29.—Maryland declares against secession placed in command of the army of Virginia. by a strong vote in its Legislature. Three steamers
--The mob in St. Louis attack the Government seized in New Orleans. by the rebels. The Collect recruits, who fire into the crowd, killing seven of the or's office at Nashville, Tennessee, seized.
rioters. General Lyon, in command at St. Loon. - The Confederate Congress meets in extra session. surrounds and compels the surrender of a brigade