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ANDERSON'S TERMS OF
conquering on his own re- unquestionably they would
Anderson's Terms of The Flag of Truce. sponsibility! A few mo- have filled many a South
After a brief conference fict found the city densely filled with peo-
among the Southern men, ple, crowding in by railway and private
they requested him to al conveyances, from the more distant counlow matters to remain in statu quo until they ties, until Charleston literally swarmed with should confer with their commander. This humanity, which, in, dispersing, after the was done; and, ere long, a second commis- evacuation, played the important part of sion from Beauregard's staff pulled over to agents to “fire the Southern heart” for the the fort, bearing an acceptance of the terms storm which their madness had evoked. proposed to Wigfall. This acceptance was The evacuation took regarded by the revolutionists as an act of place Sunday morning, great magnanimity, since Anderson's reduc- commencing at half-past tion to an unconditional surrender was but nine. The steamer Isabel was detailed to rethe question of a few hours at most. The ceive the garrison, and to bear it to any port gallant bearing of the Major and his men in the North which Anderson might indi. had won the admiration of the assailants ; cate. The baggage was first transferred to and none, apparently, were more rejoiced at the transport; then the troops marched out, the safety of every man of the garrison, than bearing their arms ; while a squad, specially the leading officers of the assailants. An- detailed, fired fifty guns as a salute to their derson, when told that the Confederates had flag. At the last discharge, a premature exinot lost a man, expressed his gratification at plosion killed one man, David Hough, and the bloodless result—a result owing much to wounded three — the only loss and injury the illy-prepared condition of Sumter's arma- which the men suffered in the eventful ment. Had Anderson's fine artillerymen drama. The troops then lowered their flag been provided with properly-equipped guns, and marched out with their colors flying,
while the band played “Yankee Doodle" and the main gates destroyed by fire, the gorge wall se.
Hail to the Chief." From the Isabel the riously injured, the magazine surrounded by flames, garrison was conveyed to the transport Bal- and its door closed from the effects of the heat, four tic, still anchored outside the bar. The Bal
barrels and three cartridges of powder only being tic sailed for New York Tuesday evening, available, and no provisions but pork remaining, I April 16th.
accepted terms of evacuation, offered by General
Beauregard, being the same offered by him on the Major Anderson's disMajor Anderson's
11th instant, prior to the commencement of hostilOlicial Dispatch. patch to his Government
ities, and marched out of the fort Sunday afternoon, was almost laconic in its
the 14th instant, with colors flying and drums beatbrevity. It, however, told the whole story : ing, bringing away company and private property,
and saluting my flag with fifty guns. April 18th, 1861.
ROBERT ANDERSON, The Honorable S. Cameron, Secretary of War, Wash
Major, First Artillery. ington, D. C. :
This ended the drama of Sumter-a drama Sır: Having defended Fort Sumter for thirty- which served to prelude the grander tragedy four hours, until the quarters were entirely burned, I of the War for the Union.
The collision at Sumter | purpose !—the centuries neThe Awakening. was the requiein of peace. ver recorded such a spec
The Awakening The first announcement, to tacle, and truly the centuthe North, by telegraph, thrilled and excited ries may not record a struggle like that the people with the hopes and fears of battle; which came of the bombardment of Fort soon came the consciousness of the awful Sumter. crime committed in the assault upon a The President found himself suddenly United States garrison even before any act of overwhelmed with congratulations at the offense had been offered, and the public heart policy inaugurated, and with offers of aid. bounded as with one mighty impulse to The general apprehension that he had no avenge the act. In a few brief hours parti- power, [See Constitution, Art. I, Sec. 8,) withsan passions and political prejudices were out the consent of Congress, to call out troops swept away; as, when some appalling calam- and to initiate war, led the majority to infer ity visits a community all men become that nothing could be done in the premises brothers, so all those loving the Univn and until Congress was convened. At the South the Constitution became associates in a com- the impression was general that, as the mon cause. The world never before wit- President had no power to call out the troops, nessed such a solemn uprising. It was not none would be forthcoming to repress the more solemn than it was fearful. Nineteen revolution. Even up to the very hour of the millions of population swayed by one over- responses to the Proclamation, (April 15th.) powering impulse—moved by one overmaster- the Southern people believed it impossible ing sympathy - stirred by one relentless that a majority of Congressmen would favor
the policy of “coercion :" how they miscon- | it necessary thus to resort to military force, ceived the truth but a few days were neces- he shall command the insurgents by proclasary to demonstrate.
mation to disperse within a limited time. The President's Proclamation was not long The manifesto of the Ex
The Proclamation. withheld, and the public then learned that ecutive was as follows: the Executive was vested with full powers to “ By the President of the United States :
meet the emergencies.* The The Act of 1795.
unrepealed and unmodified " Whereas, The laws of the United States have
Act of 1795, (see Vol. I, p. been for some time past and now are opposed, and 6,1 gave him all requisite authority to call the execution thereof obstructed, in the States of an army and all its necessary consequents South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Missisinto the field, over which, as Commander-in-sippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too Chief, (see Constitution, Art. II, Sec. 2,] he powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course
of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in could exercise supreme control. The Act
the Marshals by law: gave the President power to call upon the
“Now, therefore, I, ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President militia in case of invasion, or imminent dan.
of the United States, in virtue of the power in me ger of invasion ; in case of insurrection in vested by the Constitution and the laws, have any State against the laws thereof, if called thought fit to call forth, and hereby do call forth, upon by the Legislature or Executive of the the Militia of the several States of the Union, to the State; and, finally, “whenever the laws of aggregate number of 75,000, in order to suppress the United States shall be opposed, or the said combinations, and to cause the laws to be duly execution thereof obstructed, in any State, executed. The details for this object will be immeby combinations too powerful to be
diately communicated to the State authorities
suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial pro
through the War Department.
“I appeal to all loyal citizens to favor, facilitate, ceedings, or by the powers vested in the
and aid this effort to maintain the honor, the integ. Marshals, in this act, it shall be lawful for rity, and the existence of our National Union and the President of the United States to call the perpetuity of popular government, and to reforth the militia of such, or of any other dress wrongs already long enough endured. State or States, as may be necessary to sup- “ I deem it proper to say, that the first service press such combinations, and to cause the assigned to the force hereby called forth, will laws to be duly executed ; and the use of the probably be to repossess the forts, places and militia so to be called forth, may be con property which have been seized from the Union, tinued, if necessary, until the expiration of aud in every event, the utmost care will be obthirty days after the commencement of the served, consistently with the objects aforesaid, to then next session of Congress.” The Act avoid any devastation, any destruction of, or interalso requires that, when the President deems ference with property, or any disturbance of peace
ful citizens in any part of the country; and I hereby * The belief prevailed in Europe that our Execu- command the persons composing the combinations tive was powerless to repress a rebellion. Thus, aforesaid, to disperse and retire peaceably to their the London News--ever friendly to the cause of the respective abodes, within twenty days from this North-in its issue of April 9th, said: “In Europe date. we cannot understand how it is that a Chief Magis. * Deeming that the present condition of public trate is without what may be called an Executive ; | affairs presents an extraordinary occasion, I do he is in authority, but has no authority to act hereby, in virtue of the power in me vested by the promptly and energetically. With us it would have Constitution, convene both Houses of Congress. been a word and a blow. Rebellion would have encount- | The Senators and Representatives are therefore ered opposition from the first moment of its raising is summoned to assemble at their respective chamhead, and the slruggle would not terminate until the insur.bers at twelve o'clock, noon, on Thursday, the rection had been put down or had achieved a revolutim. fourth day of July next, then and there to consider In America it is different. There are so many Sove- and determine such measures as, in their wisdom, reign States, that there appears to be no compact the public safety and interest may seem to demand. with the measure of the law. The Republic is “ In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my divided, outraged, insulted, but no action has been hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be taken."
The Carnival of
hand and caused the seal of the United States to be sition--characterizing the call as illegal and affixed.
unconstitutional North Carolina, Tennes“Done at the city of Washington, this fifteenth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand sistance to any attempt at coercion,
see and Virginia, coupled threats of open reeight hundred and sixty-one, and of the independ
It would not be possible, ence of the United States the eighty-fifth. “ ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
in the compass of an ordi“ By the President,
nary octavo, to tell the “ WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Sec. of State." story of military and popular demonstrations
This was immediately which soon became the one absorbing fact The Requisitions upon
followed by the requisi- throughout the entire North. Each section
tions of the War Depart. seemed to vie in patriotism and devotion. ment upon the Governors of the still loyal in Public assemblages everywhere testified States for the troops, apportioning the quotas in their corporate capacities, to assure Govof each. This document read:
ernment of their support. Subscriptions to “ WAR DEPARTMENT, the Treasury were volunteered to an amount WASHINGTON, April, 1861.
which soon reached many millions of dollars. “Sir: Under the act of Congress for calling Local arrangements were made for the care forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, of the families of those who should enter the suppress insurrection, repel invasion,' &c., ap. ranks. In almost numberless instances, emproved February 28th, 1795, I have the honor to request your Excellency to cause to be immediately ployers gave notice that the pay of those in detached from the militia of your State the quota their service, who enlisted, should not be indesignated in the table below, to serve as infantry termitted during the three months' military or riflemen for the period of three months, unless duty. American flags floated from housesooner discharged.
tops, windows and doors—were used as deco“ Your Excellency will please communicate to me rations in parlors, offices, shops and stores-the time at or about which your quota will be ex ornamented the heads of horses in the street pected at its rendezvous, as it will be met, as soon
-flew by upon every locomotive-fluttered as practicable, by an officer or officers to muster it from every mast-peak. It seemed as if exinto the service and pay of the United States. the same time the oath of fidelity to the United
pressions of patriotism never would have States will be administered to every officer and
an end; for where flags could not be used,
as on the persons of men, women and chil. “ The mustering officer will be instructed to re. dren, “Union badges," red, white and blue ceive no man under the rank of commissioned officer rosettes, and the National shield, came into who is in years apparently over forty-five, or under requisition. “Young America" flew to drums, eighteen, or who is not in physical strength and fifes, swords, and military caps—schools, for vigor."
the while, being almost deserted for the paThe responses to this rade ground, or to witness the daily passage Response of the
call were almost immediate, of troops on their hurried way to the South.
in the heaviest States. The tocsin sounded from the pulpit, from the Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Massa
press, from the forum: the most apathetic chusetts, all had anticipated the worst, and “conservative" must have loved treason well had partially prepared for it by legislative to have withstood their flood of commingled action, in placing their militia in a state of argument, invective, and calls to duty. readiness. The responses from the Border
It was, indeed, a carnival of patriotism, Slave States, viz. : North Carolina, Virginia, which the spirits of the Fathers of the ReKentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Arkansas, public must have contemplated with sublime came in by April 20th. In every instance emotions. It was the marriage of the heart their Governors refused to answer the requi- of 76 with the soul of '61.
HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS.-N0. 4.
FROM APRIL 16TH, TO JULY 4TH, 1861.
April 16.—The excitement in the North increas: | New York. It has an imposing reception by the ing. Great satisfaction expressed by all classes at people. The Fourth Massachusetts soon follows. the course of the Administration. The Governors
- The steamer Star of the West, a transport sent of the Free States respond with alacrity to the
for the troops disbanded by General Twiggs, in Proclamation by taking, immediate steps to comply.
Texas, is seized at Indianola, and taken into New Offers of money begin to flow in upon the Govern: Orleans. Its crew is sent North. ment from banks, wealthy individuals, cities and
- The Treasury Department at Washington or. corporate companies. -Governor Magoffin refuses to furnish Kentucky's All coast commerce therefore ceases.
ders no clearances for any port south of Maryland. quota of troops called for by the President. He writes an offensive reply to the call.
April 19.-Harper's Ferry armory and public
store houses are fired by the Government Guard to -Governor Letcher, of Virginia, refuses to com
prevent them from falling into the hands of the rev. ply with the call for troops. He writes a treasona.
olutionists. The garrison, under Lieutenant Jones, ble letter to the President, and proclaims that Vir
makes a night march through Maryland to Carlile ginia will arm for defense.
Barracks. -Governor Harris, of Tennessee, refuses to com
-Attack on the Massachusetts Sixth régiment by ply with the call. He assumes that Tennessee will the mob of Baltimore. Two of the troops killed, repel all attempts at coercion.
and eleven wounded-one mortally. Eleven of the -Governor Jackson, of Missouri, refuses to com- mob killed, and four wounded. The city all in arms. ply with the call. His reply is highly offensive and Governor Hicks informs the President that no more treasonable.
troops can pass through Baltimore without fighting -The Confederate Government issues a procla. their way. Railway track torn up and bridges demation calling for 32,500 troops-making 75,000 in stroyed on the Philadelphia road. The Fourth all called out by President Davis. Great exertions Pennsylvania regiment in Baltimore, en route for are making by the rebel War Department to place Washington, is assailed and compelled to disband, its troops rapidly in the field in Virginia.
being unarmed. The troops return to Philadelphia, -Fort Pickens reenforced and re-provisioned by where the New
York Seventh regiment soon arrives. the United States' transports, which sailed from
The route via Baltimore being thus impracticable, New York, April 8-10th. The fort is now pro- transports are furnished, and the troops, after : nounced safe from all attempts to carry it by bom day's delay, pass on to Washington by Annapolis. bardment or assault. General satisfaction is ex- - The President of the United States announces pressed at this announcement.
a blockade of the ports in all rebellious States. -Several military companies reach Washington April 20.--Immense Union demonstration in New from Pennsylvania, in answer to the President's | York City. Sixty thousand citizens of all parties
They are the first on the roll of honor. and classes participate. April 17.—The Sixth Massachusetts regiment of -The Gosport Navy Yard burned. Property to State militia is the first complete regiment to re- the amount of about eleven millions of dollars despond to the requisition for troops, and starts for stroyed, by order of the Commanding-officer, ComWashington by railway this evening. The Fourth modore Macauley. Much of the property--includ. Massachusetts is on the point of starting.
ing 1,500 guns of various calibre-was afterwards - The Virginia State Convention passes an ordi- rescued from fire and water by the revolutionists, nance of secession, in secret session-vote 60 to 53.
and furnished them with valuable guns for their Governor Letcher, of that State, recognizes the in- batteries and defenses. dependence of the Southern Confederacy, by proc. - Branch Mint at Charlotte, North Carolina, seiz lamation.
ed by the revolutionists. John C. Breckenridge April 18.-Major Anderson reaches New York in makes a treasonable speech at Louisville. the transport Baltic. He is received with great ac
-Bridges on the Northern (Maryland) Railroad clamation, and becomes the hero of the day.
burned. Arsenal at Liberty, Missouri, seized. Mob -More Pennsylvania troops reach Washington, law prevailing in Baltimore. Volunteers rapidly including an artillery company. The Sixth Massa concentrating at Philadelphia. Fortress Mooroe chusetts regiment-over 1,000 strong--pass through / reenforced and placed beyond danger of seizure.