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CHAPTER X.-Continued.

CHAPTER XII.-Continued.

The Second Campaign of the

forcement. Seward's Circular

Potomac....
..... 341

to the Governors. Good Con-

XI. The First Combined Naval and

dition of Government Finances.

Land Expedition. Bombard-

The Baltimore Board of Po.

ment and Capture of the Forts

lice......

361

at Hatteras Inlet. Operations

XIII. Kentucky Loyal. Action of the
in North Carolina. State of the

Legislature. Its Address to the
Blockade. The Privateer Sum-

People. Military Situation (Sep-
ter-Prizes. The Attack on

tember, 1861.) Generals John-
Wilson's Zouaves on Santa Rosa

ston's and Buckner's Procla-
Island. Hollins' Assault on

mations. Persecutions of Loy-
the Blockading Vessels. The

al Men. Anderson's Retirement.
Conflict at Chicacomico..... 353

Sherman's Assumption of Com-

XII. State of Public Feeling at the

mand. Treason in a "Castle" of

North during the Fall of 1861.

the K. C. G's. Breckenridge's

Forces in the field, Federal

Flight. His “ Address." Mil-

and Confederate. The Federal

itary Operations to Nov. lst.

Confiscation Act and its En-

Battle of Wild Cat..... 370

HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS, No. 6, from Nov. 1st, 1861, to Feb. 18t, 1862..

383

ary, 1862.

ating it. Fremont's Errors... 411

IV. Operations in Kentucky up to the

Battle of Mill Spring. Forces

in the Field. The East Tennes-

see Movement, Bridges Burn-

er......

VI. Meeting of the Federal Congress

(December, 1861.) The Anti
Slavery Element. Mr. Lincoln's
Conservatism. The President's
Message and Department Re-

ports. Legislation of the Ses-

sion......

... 436

VII. Halleck's Conduct of the Depart-

ment of Missouri-November

Judge Campbell's Statement regarding the

of War......

:...... 512

Federal Secretary of State......

472 Flag Officer Mervine's Official Report of the De-

The Queen's Proclamation to Enforce Neutrality 474 struction in Pensacola Harbor of the Pri.

Decree of Napoleon on Privateering and Neu. vateer Judah.....

513

trality......

476 The Kentucky Secession Ordinance and plan of

Proclamation of the Queen of Spain.
477 Government.....

514

Views
Russia.

478 | The British Minister's Remonstrance against the

Views of Prussia..

479 Arrest of British Subjects. Mr. Seward's

Cassius M. Clay's Memorandum.....
480 Spirited Reply......

516

Opinion of the Attorney General on the Suspen- Report of the Committee appointed by the Vir.

sion of the Writ of Habeas Corpus.... 480 ginia State Convention to suggest Amend-

Opinion of Chief Justice Taney.....

489 ments to the State Constitution........... 519

Major-General Patterson's Defense.

493 Portions of the Secretary of War's Report (Dec.

Evidence before the Investigating Committee

20, 1861) Discarded by the President..... 520

in the matter of General Patterson's Mis- General Halleck's Interpretation of his Order

conduct of his Campaign......
494 No. 3..........

522

Beauregard's Official Report of the Battle of The “Convention" by which Missouri was Trans-

Manassas
496 ferred to the Confederacy....

522

The Battle of Bull Run-Cause of its Disaster.. 507 Protest against the Defensive Policy........... 523

Siegel's Retreat at Carthage....

508 Governor Letcher's Message of Jan. 6th, 1862,

Recapture of Lexington, Mo......

511 in remitting the Georgia Resolutions to the

Ability of the Northern States to Sustain a State Virginia Legislature..

524

HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS-NO 3.

FROM MARCH 4TH, TO APRIL 15TH, 1861.

March 4.- Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as strength to take part in the momentous struggle President (the sixteenth) of the United States until impending. March 4th, 1865. An immense concourse in attend

-Dispatches from every section of the Union inance upon the ceremony. A large military force is dicate that the Inaugural Message of Mr. Lincoln is distributed thronghout the city to suppress any out- favorably regarded by the great majority. It is break. No violence offered. After the Inaugura- looked upon as a peace offering. The Secessionists tion, Mr. Lincoln is driven to the White House, ac in the South, and their allies in the North see war companied by Mr. Buchanan, and installed by the in its views regarding the duty of the Executive to retiring President. The retiring President imme-enforce the laws. diately departed for his home in Pennsylvania.

-Drafts drawn by Mr. Dix and Mr. King (Post-The Texas State Convention proclaims the master-General) on the New Orleans Assistant Act of Secession. Governor Houston submits to United States Treasurer, in payment of work done the authority of the Convention, and issues his on the New Orleans Custom-house, and for requiting proclamation declaring Texas to be no longer one mail-contractors in the Seceded States, are returned of the States of the Federal Union.

unpajd. Over five hundred thousand dollars in gola - dispatch from Montgomery announces the belonging to the United States was in the Treasurer's

hands at the time. unfurling from the Capitol of the flag of the Confederate States of America. It consists of three broad

-Martin J. Crawford and John Forsythe, two of bars, red, white, and red, with a blue field and three Commissioners from the Confederate States seven stars. The stars to increase in number as the to Washington, arrive in Washington. States multiply.

March 6.--Fort Brown, Texas, surrendered by — The Message of Mr. Lincoln is received at Captain Hill to the revolutionists, by special agree

ment. The garrison is to be sent North. Montgomery, and is pronounced a war declara

March 7.-The Louisiana State Convention trans. tion."

fers the money seized ($536,000) belonging to the --Arkansas State Convention meets. Elects United States Government to the Confederato “ Unionofficers, by six majority.

States Government. -Salutes are fired in many Northern cities in -Braxton Bragg commissioned Brigadier-General honor of the Inauguration. People, generally, con in the service of the Confederate Government, and gratulate themselves on the peaceful result of the dispatched to Pensacola to assume chief command ceremony, and the character of the Inaugural Ad of operations there. Wm. J. Hardee was also condress.

firmed as Colonel. Both were officers in the United - Brigadier-General Beauregard commissioned States Army. and ordered to the chief command of the troops in -The Louisiana Legislature passes a resolution and around Charleston, South Carolina.

approving the conduct of General Twiggs. -The slaver Bonila, at Savannah, is “ taken" by March 8.—The Army bill passed by the ConfedGovercor Brown, and armed, as the first ship oferate Congress. It calls fifty thousand troops into Georgia's navy.

the field for immediate service. - The Richmond (Va.) papers state that the most -It is announced from Raleigh, North Carolina, active military preparations are going forward in that the late vote in that State resulted in a major that city. The State Armory is in full operation, ity of six hundred and fifty-one against holding a turning out from seven to eight thousand rifle and Convention. musket cartridges per day. At the Tredegar Iron

-The Missouri Senate passes resolutions instruct. Works cannon of the best description are being ing Senators in Congress, and members of the House rapidly cast, together with great quantities of shot still at Washington, to oppose the passage of all acts and shell.

granting supplies, men, and money to coerce the March 5.-A dispatch from New Orleans to Seceding States into submission or subjugation ; Washington announced that the United States rev. and that, should such acts be passed by Congress, enue-cutter Dodge had been seized in Galveston Missouri's Senators be instructed and its RepresentBay, by the Texan authorities.

atives be requested to retire from the halls of -General Twiggs receives a public reception in Congress. New Orleans, in honor of his treason. He makes a March 9.-- Alabama State Convention turns over speech, in which he remarked that he prayed for all arms, forts, munitions, &c., seized from the United States Government, to the Confederate Gov. --By proclamation of General Bragg, all vessels ernment.

are probibited to furnish supplies to war vessels off March 10.—It is reported at Washington that such Pensacola or to Fort Pickens, under penalty of for. word has been received from Major Anderson as to

feiture to the Confederation. render the evacuation or the reprovisioning of Fort - A long list of the Confederate army and navy Sumter a necessity. Great excitement exists in appointments is published. Nearly all of them were consequence. General Scott is willing to assume formerly Federal officers. the responsibility of the withdrawal, considering it March 22.-The Missouri Convention adjournsimpossible to throw in reenforcements and provi- having passed no ordinance of secession. sions, except at great cost of life.

- A dispatch from New Orleans says: “The ComMarch 12.-The Southern Commissioners, Messrs. missioners of the Confederate States to EuropeCrawford and Forsythe, communicate their mission Messrs. Yancey, Mann, and Rost-will leave here on to Secretary Seward, pronounce their Government the 31st inst. for Havana, and connect with the an independency de facto et de jure, and request a day British steamer of the 7th of April for England.” to be named when they may present to the President

- Alexander H. Stephens makes a speech at Satheir credentials.

vannah, (Georgia,) expounding the principles and March 13.--The Georgia Convention turns over

purposes of the new Confederacy. He argued that all forts, arsenals, arms, &c., seized from the Fedo negro slavery was the “chief corner-stone of the eral Government, to the Confederate Government. new edifice.” (See History of Rebellion, Vol. I.,

- The Charleston (South Carolina) Courier of to. pages 30, 31.] day says the batteries bearing on the ship channel March 26.-The South Carolina State Convention ·are of the heaviest kind, and that they are now in a reassembles. high state of preparation, and ready for any force

March 27.–Colonel Lamon, Mr. Lincoln's special that may be sent against them. It believes the reenforcement of Fort Sumter an impossibility. It es bly upon the condition of the garrison, but is fully

messenger to Fort Sumter returns and reports favoratimates that three thousand highly.disciplined troops satisfied that reenforcements cannot be introduced are in the various fortifications.

without a serious collision, and that the attempt to --Seats of United States Senators from the Se introduce them would be of doubtful success with ceded States declared vacant, and their names the force now at the command of the Administrastricken from the rull.

tion. He describes the military preparations of the March 15.-Mr. Seward, Secretary of State, an. rebels as of great magnitude, and very skilfully swers the communication of the Southern Commis. made. sioners, Messrs. Crawford and Forsythe, by a “mem.

April 2.-Gov. Houston sends a message to the orandum,” without signature, refusing to recognize Texas Legislature protesting against the Convention, the agents in any public capacity. &c. This “mem appealing to the Legislature to sustain him, and orandum” was not called for by the Commissioners claiming still to be Governor. The Legislature took until April 8th--understanding it to be a refusal of not the slightest notice of it. recognition.

April 4.--. Virginia Legislature adjourns. The March 16.—The Montgomery Congress adjourns, Convention still in session. Proceedings are highly to meet again the 2d Monday in May.

exciting. The Secessionists evidently have the up--The Texas State Convention passes an ordi- per hand. nance declaring, on the refusal of Governor Houston

.-A dispatch from Washington reads: “ The Ad. to take the oath under the State Constitution, the ministration has determined to reenforce Fort office of Governor vacant, and appointing Lieuten. Pickens, at all hazards. This determination has not ant-Governor Clark Governor. The office of Secre- yet been officially announced, but there is reason to tary of State is also declared vacant.

believe that active measures will be taken at once -A“ Convention" of about twenty persons held for the relief of Lieut. Slemmer's command. The a session at Mesilla, in Arizona, and voted that Ter. troops of the Confederate States are rapidly concenritory out of the Union. An election for Congress-trating at Pensacola, under command of General men to the Confederate Congress was ordered. Bragg, and preparations are making for a decisive March 18.--The Texas Legislature met. The mem

movement. Bragg has nearly four thousand troops bers of the House and Senate took the oath of alle under his command, all well armed and in a state of giance to the new Government, a few of them under efficiency. Lieut. Slemmer is prepared for the worst, protest. Governor Houston and the Secretary of

and will sustain the honor of his flag to the last. State have retired from their offices and surrendered April 5-8.— The steamers Atlantic, Baltic, and the arcbives. Governor Houston had issued an ap. Illinois, load at New York with Navy stores, munipeal to the people denouncing the State Convention. tions, &c. Much excitement prevails as to their

March 20.—The Arkansas Convention adjourns, destination. The frigate Powhatan is hurriedly after having rejected an ordinarce of secession. It put into commission, at New York, and sails south, was decided, however, to take a vote of the people, April 6th. Great activity at the Brooklyn, the Phila: in August, on the question of " secession" or " no delphia, and the Charlestown (Mass.) Navy-yards. secession."

Every Government vessel of war, it is understood, is

ordered out of ordinary, to be fitted for commission. -The Texas Legislature passes a resolution approving of the Convention act deposing Governor

April 5.—Kentucky Legislature adjourns. No acHouston.

tion taken looking to secession, or resistance to the

Federal Government.
March 21.-A resolution passes the Ohio State
Legislature, asking Congress to call a National Con-

April 6.-Great excitement prevails throughout vention.

the South in consequence of the great naval inove.

HISTORICAL SUMMARY.

ments announced. Gen. Beauregard announces to ed orders from Norfolk. She mounts 10 guns and Major Anderson that no further communications will carries 200 men. be allowed with the land-thus placing him in a

April 10.-Sloop-of-war Jamestown and frigate St. state of siege.

Lawrence at the Philadelphia Navy-yard, ordered to April 8.-A dispatch from Montgomery says: be fitted for sea forthwith. “ The Cabinet here have just concluded a protracted

– Troops mustering in Washington from the milisession on the course to be pursued in the presenttia. Adjutant-General McDowell is organizing them serious crisis. Jefferson Davis strongly urged an into regiments and preparing them for service. aggressive policy towards the United States, and it Additional forces of regulars ordered to the Capital : was at length decided to instruct the Commissioners Sherman's Artillery from Fort Ridgely, in Minnesota, at Washington to present their ultimatum to Presi- and two companies of cavalry ordered to report imdent Lincoln, and if it should not be accepted, to mediately at Washington. The active prepara. declare war."

tions are understood to result from the known pres. -A dispatch from Charleston says: “Vessels ence, in the vicinity of Washington, of Colonel Ben have been ordered from the range of fire between McCullough, the Texan Ranger, who, having secured Fort Sumter and Sullivan's Island. The floating bat- the United States forts in Texas, has hurried to the tery sails at 7 o'clock this evening for a point near East to lead an attempt upon the Capital. Fort Sumter. A house has just been blown up near

- A dispatch from Charleston says: “ Troops are the five-gun battery. Business has been suspended, pouring in from the interior and all is ready for a and fearful excitement prevails. Gen. Beauregard Collision. Fort Sumter will be attacked without has ordered out 5,000 more troops. Companies of waiting for the Abolition fleet. volunteers are constantly arriving and being put in conflict is unbounded.

Eagerness for the

Messrs. Wigfall, Chesnut, position in the harbor. New batteries are also being Roylston, and others, have secured a place on Gen. constructed."

Beauregard's staff. The floating battery, finished, - More steamers chartered as transports at New mounted, and manned, was taken out of the dock last York. Great amounts of stores, arms and munitions evening and moored in the cove near Sullivan's Islare being shipped. The armed revenue-cutter Har. and. The Convention has just adjourned, subject to rid Lane puts to sea with sealed orders, followed the call of its President. A large number of its by the steam-tugs Yankee and Uncle Ben. The frig. members, after adjournment, volunteered as priate (steam) Wabash, the sloop Savannah, and the vates. About 7,000 troops are in the defences, with gun-boat Perry, at the Brooklyn Navy-yard, ure as many more in reserve." being rapidly prepared for sea.

-L. P. Walker, Secretary of War of the Confeder. -Lieutenant Talbot arrives in Charleston, to say

ate States, orders General Beauregard to demand that Major Anderson would be supplied with provi- the evacuation of Fort Sumter, which demand he is sions at every hazard. The messenger was denied

to enforce by proceeding to reduce the furt. access to Anderson. Immense preparations were

April 11.—The Southern Commissioners, Messrs. immediately made to repel the reenforcement or Crawford, Forsythe, and Roman, left Washington tosupply, come in what shape it might. Al Charles-day. Before leaving they transmitted (April 9th] to ton was under arms, and the united defences of the Secretary Seward a rejoinder, setting forth their harbor and city placed ready for action.

reasons for departing, and replying to the positions

assumed in his answers to their demands. It was - The State Department at Washington replies to the Confederate State Commissioners, declin. very severe in its tone, charging duplicity on the ing to receive them in their official capacity, but part of the Secretary. They take the ground that expressing deference for them as gentlemen. The solution of the existing difficulties, and that if civil

they have exhausted every resource for a peaceful Secretary expresses a peaceful policy on the part

war results, on the head of the Federal Government of the Government, declaring a purpose to defend will rest the responsibility. They charge the Adonly when assailed.

ministration with gross perfidy, insisting that under April 9.-Gov. Curtir sends a message to the Penn the shelter of the pretext and assertion that Fort sylvania Legislature, recommending that the State Sumter was to be evacuated, an immense armada be, at once, placed on a footing of military efficio has been dispatched to provision and reenforce that ency, and readiness. He also stated that Mr. Lin. fort. They repeat they had almost daily indirect coln had informed him of a design to attack and assurances from the Administration that Fort Sumseize the Capital.

ter was positively to be abandoned, and that all the --A dispatch from Washington says the designs of Government's efforts were to be directed towards the Government are peaceful, that unarmed ships peace. The Commissioners allege that the Governare to supply United States forts with required pro- ment at Montgomery was earnestly desirous of vision, troops, &c. If they are assaulted, the respon- peace; and that, in accordance with its instructions, sibility of inaugurating war would rest with the

as well as their own feelings, they left no means unassailants.

exhausted to secure that much-desired end; but all - A requisition was made by Jefferson Davis opon their efforts having failed, they were now forced to the Confederate States for 3,500 troops from each, return to an outraged people with the object of except Florida, which was required to furnish 1,500, their mission unaccomplished ; and they express the all for immediate service.

firm conviction that war is inevitable. - The Steam transports Illinois and Baltic get to -A formal demand made by General Beauregard, sea--the first having 300 and the latter 160 troops of Major Anderson, for the surrender of Fort Sumter. oa board. The Atlantic steamer sailed April 7th, Anderson refused compliance with this demand. with 358 troops.

April 12.--At one o'clock, A. m., a second demand -The Steam Sloop of War Pawnee sails under seal. was made, or rather proposition, in which Beau.

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