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GENERAL HARNEY'S DOINGS.

161

Aseault of the Mob.

cate none other than the well-known purpose of the until the abuse and violence of the mob beGovernor of this State, under whose orders you are came intolerable. The seizure of this profesacting, and whose purpose. recently communicated sedły State force and its equipments was a to the Legislature, bas just been responded to by heavy blow to the revolutionists. That they that body, in the most unparalleled legislation, haying in direct view hostilities to the General Govern designed to fall upon the city and to act as

Captain Lyon indicated, was confirmed soon, ment, and co-operation with the enemy. "In view of these considerations, and your failure

in a very undoubted manner. A letter found to disperse in obedience to the proclamation of the upon the person of one of the prisoners-a President, and of the eminent necessity of State Captain of the “Minute Men”—who was adpolicy and welfare, and obligations imposed upon me vised of the programme, said: “In a short by instructions from Washington, it is my duty to time we shall have enough to bring the Union demand, and I hereby do demand of you an imme- men or Black Republicans into our terms, or diate surrender of your command with no other con- force them to leave the State. We have a ditions than that all persons surrendering under this Governor who is true blue. He is trying to demand shall be humanely and kindly treated. Be- get a bill through the Legislature that will lieving myself prepared to enforce this demand, one

bring them to terms. When we get, say from half hour's time before doing so will be allowed for

4000 to 5000 Minute Men well armed, we shall your compliance therewith. "Signed,

N. LYON,

be all ready for them. We pulled the wool “Captain Second Infantry, Commanding Troops." over their eyes by making them think we

The delivery of this let- only intended to stay in the camp six days. ter was followed so quickly

We intend to stay here till the Governor gets by the appearance of the Union forces that all things right at Jefferson City. By that the State brigade could make no defense. It time we shall have all the men we want. We

shall force them into measures to suit us or was disarmed, and taken bodily to the arsenal, together with the armament and entire leave the State. We are for the South.” property of the camp.*

The "unparalleled legislation” referred to On the return to the city of the volunteers by Captain Lyon consisted in acts appropriwith their prisoners, a vast mob gathered on ating over three millions of dollars to militathe route. Incited to violence by the Seces- ry uses, diverting for this purpose the entire sionists, an attack was made on the troops-- Common School Fund for 1861, the moneys a-la Baltimore—when the volunteers of Colo- set apart to pay the July interest on the State nel Boernstein's regiment (German) fired, debt, &c., &c. Also in a military act, which killing twenty-two persons, among whom was placed dangerous and despotic power in the

This deplorable disaster awak- Governor's hands, making it treason to speak ened intense excitement, but investigation against his authority, compelling every pershowed that the volunteers forebore their fire son to report for military duty who was lia

ble by law, requiring the oath of allegiance Among the articles enumerated as found in the to the State, &c., &c. camp were : three 32-pounders, a large quantity of bombs and balls, several pieces of artillery in boxes,

General Harney arrived

General Harney's twelve hundred rifles of a late model, six brass field. in St. Louis May 12th. He

Doings pieces, six brass mortars, (6-inch,) one 10-inch iron immediately issued a promortar, three 6-inch iron cannon, several chests of clamation notifying the people and authorimaskets, five boxes canister shot, ninety-six 10-inch, ties of his presence and military power, callthree hundred 6-inch shells, twenty-five kegs of ing upon all persons to preserve the peace and powder, a large number of musket stocks and bar. obey the laws. May 14th he published an rels, between thirty and forty horses, and a consid- address relating particularly to his purposes erable quantity of camp tools. On the steamer in view of the hostile legislation, above referJ. C. Swan, seized by order of Captain Lyon, May red to. He directed public attention to the 24th, for carrying contraband of war, was found the

military bill, which he pronounced to be an register, showing that most of these arms and equip

Ordinance of Secession without even the ments had come up the river from the Baton Rouge arsenal.

forms of procedure resorted to by other States,

one woman.

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manifestly unconstitution. | leave this State forever, by the General Harney's

The Reign of Violence al, in conflict with the Con- 8th day of May, 1861 ; and evDoings.

Inaugurated. stitution of the United | ery minute you remain thereStates and its laws, and therefore could not after will be at your peril.

Done in Council of Southern Legion, this 30th de sustained by all good citizens. He said:

day of April, 1861." “Whatever may be the termination of the

A dispatch from St. Aubert, May 15th, read: preseni condition of things in respect to the

“ Last evening Dr. A. Y. Leimer of Liberty town. Cotton States, Missouri must share the desti- ship, near Osage bridge, was arrested by orders, ny of the Union. An her material interests and sent to camp at Jefferson City, to be tried by point to this result, and so important is this martial law, on charge of raising a Union company. regarded to the great interests of the country, The mounted forces are after several others of the that I venture the opinion the whole power same township on the same charge.” of the United States Government, if necessary, It was stated, early in May, that hundreds will be exerted to keep Missouri in the of the better class of residents of Northern Union."

and Central Missouri were fleeing into Iowa The breaking up of Camp Jackson, and the for protection against the scoundrels — the arrest of its occupants, he approved as an act veritable “ border ruffians"-directed to acts of prudence anıl defense, since its openly of violence by the emissaries of the secession treasonable nature left no doubts of its dan- leaders at Jefferson City. St. Louis became gerous character. He said, in conclusion: thick with these “refugees," whose losses and

“Disclaiming all desire or intention to interfere sufferings form one of the most painful epiwith the prerogative of the State of Missouri, or with sodes in the history of the rebellion. So the functions of its Executive, yet I regard it my brutal and so summary were the proceedings plain path of duty to express to the people in re of those "conservators of Southern interests," spectful but decided language, that within the field that Missouri would, unquestionably, have and scope of my command, the supreme law of the land must and shall be maintained, and no subter- rapidly followed Arkansas in joining the

Confederacy, had not the city of St. Louis fuges whatever, in the form of legislative acts or otherwise, can be permitted to harass or oppress

and its Free State populace (composed largethe good, law-abiding people of Missouri. I shall ly of Germans) stood like a pillar of fire beexert my authority to protect their persons and tween the Egyptians of barbarism and the property from violation of every kind, and shall Land of Promise. Frank P. Blair and B. deem it my duty to suppress all unlawful combina- Gratz Brown were the Moses and Aaron of tions of men, whether formed under a military or. that Deliverance. ganization or otherwise."

It was announced, May This did not promise well for secession; 14th, that “the first four

The Missouri Brigade. and the Governor found his pretty schemes regiments of Missouri volunteers, under comfor throwing the State into the revolution mand of Colonels Blair, Boernstein, Sigel and thwarted. General (ex-Governor) Sterling Schultner, have been formed into a brigade, Price came to his aid, however; and, resort- under the style of the First Brigade of Mising to the usual secession policy of duplicity souri Volunteers, and Captain Lyon has been and treachery-qualities whose practice the elected Brigadier-General Commanding. GenSecessionists appeared to regard as virtues- eral Lyon accepted the position, and retains obtained from Harney concessions which command of these regiments by authority of threatened, for awhile, to place the despotism the President." This promotion of Captain of Jackson in active operation.

Lyon met the approval of all loyalists. In As early as April 25th the reign of terror- the discharge of his onerous and responsible ism was inaugurated in the central and west- duties assigned him as chief officer in comern portions of the State. Even in the north, mand at St. Louis prior to General Harner's near the Iowa line, the following document arrival, Captain Lyon had comported himself was served upon well known Union citizens : with so much prudence, and had shown such

“Sik: You are considered hostile to the interests unflinching firmness in repressing disloyal of this community, and you are here by notified to combinations, that the Unionists regarded

THE

HARNEY

AND PRICE TRUCE.

163

Truce.

him as quite necessary to their success. The therefore enjoin upon the people to attend to their important and responsible command bestowed civil business, and expressed the hope that the unupon him was merited.

just elements which have threatened so seriously to Among those taken pris- | disturb the public peace may soon subside, and be The Case of Captain

remembered only to be deplored." oners at Camp Jackson was McDonald. Captain Emmet McDonald,

As one of the first fruits

The Harney and Price late of the U. S, Mounted Rifles. Having re

of this shrewdly conceived

Truce. fused to swear allegiance to the United States secession ruse to place the or to accept his release on parole, he was control of affairs in the hands of Price and confined in close quarters at the arsenal, as a

the “Minute Men," on the afternoon of May prisoner of war. · Learning that an applica- 22d the Stars and Stripes, elevated before the tion was to be made for his release on a writ Post Office in St. Joseph, were torn down, the of habeas corpus, he was conveyed over the flag destroyed and the pole thrown into the river on the night of May 13th. This averted river. An American flag flying at Turner's the test trial of the constitutional rights of Hall, in the same place, was ordered down. the citizen a test the Secessionists were The "authorities” resolved in solemn council as anxious to apply as the Secessionists to allow no American flag to fly in their doof Baltimore, in the case of Merryman, main! That city is in the very north-west were anxious that Judge Taney should corner of the State--as far north as the laticreate a direct issue between the military and tude of the capitals of Ohio, Indiana and Illicivil powers of the Government.

nois. The persecutions of Union men were The arrangement referred not stayed in the least, but from all sections The Harney and Price to between Generals Har

and will do everything in his power, consistently with his ney and Price was made

instructions, to preserve peace and order. May 21st, at St. Louis. The “plan” agreed " He is, however, compelled to recognize the existence of a upon was thus announced :

rebellion in a portion of the United States, and in view of it

he stands upon the proclamation of the President, itself based ** They mutually declare a common object, that

upon the law and the Constitution of the United States. of restoring peace and good order to the people of

• The proclamation commands the dispersion of all armed the State, subordination to the laws of the General | bodjes hostile to the supreme law of the land. and State Governments, and unite in recommending

“ General Harney sees in the Missouri Military bill features all persons to respect each other's rights through which compel him to look upon such armed bodies as may be out the State, and make no attempt to exercise un

organized under its provisions, as antagonistic to the United

States within the meaning of the proclamation, and calcuauthorized powers, as it is the determination of the

lated to precipitate a conflict between the State and the Uniproper authorities to suppress all unlawful proceedted States troops. ings, which can only disturb the public peace.

“ He laments this tendency of things, and most cordially General Price pledged the whole power of the

and earnestly invites the co-operation of General Price to

avert it. State officers to maintain order among the people

« For this purpose, General Harney respectfully asks Gen. of the State, and General Harney declares that this eral Price to review the features of the bill in the spirit of object being assured, he can have no occasion, as law, warmed and elevated by that of humanity, and seek to he has no wish, to make military movements, which

discover some means by which its action may be suspended might otherwise create excitement and jealousies

until some competent tribunal decide upon its charwhich he most earnestly desires to avoid.* They

“ The most material features of the bill calculated to bring

about a conflict, are, first, the oath required to be taken by * To do Harney full justice, and state his own the militi. ind. State Guarde'--(an oath of allegiance to the interpretation to the agreement, we are called upon Stat: o Missouri, without recognizing the existence of the to give the "memorandum” remitted by him to Price, Government of the United States ;) and secondly, the express before their interview, embodying his views and the requirement, by which troops within the State, not organ

ized under the provisions of the military bill, are to be disonly terms of arrangement which he could or would armed by the State Guards. make, viz.:

“General Harney cannot be expected to wait a summons

to surrender his arms by the State troops.

“ MAY 21st, 1861. “From this statement of the case, the true question be"General Harney is here as a citizen of Missouri, with all comes immediately visible, and cannot be shut out of view. his interests at stake in the preservation of the peace of the “ General Price is earnestly requested to consider this, and

General Harney will be happy to confer with him on the “ He earnestly wishes to do nothing to complicate matters; | subject whenever it may suit his convenience.”

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acter.

« XEM. FOR GENERAL PRICE.

State.

Price's Circular.

66

of the State soon the cry went forth for help. I little disappointment in the Government, evidently, proposed to discard suspension, by the Federal the arrangement entered into. It dispatched Government, of Harney. He added: a regiment down to Bird's Point, May 29th, “ The Federal Government, however, has thought to cover the Cairo encampment and to afford proper to remove General Harney from the comthe Unionists of that section the protection mand of the Department of the West; but as the of the Federal Government.

successor of General Harney will certainly consider

himself and his Government in honor bound to carry Nor was Harney long Harney's Recall. left in command. The ar

out this agreement in good faith, I feel assured that

his removal should give no cause of uneasiness to rangement with Price was entirely rejected

our citizens for the security of their liberties and by the authorities at Washington; its accept- property. I intend, on my part, to adhere both to ance would have conceded the right of State its spirit and letter. neutrality, and gave the force of a concession The rumors in circulation that it is the intention to an Executive whose entire course toward of the officer now in command of this depot to disthe Federal Government had thus far been arm those of our citizens who do not agree in opinion characterized by treason and defiance. Har with the Administration at Washington, and put arms ney's removal had been determined upon, in the hands of those who, in some localities of this and ordered, as early as May 16th; but, for State, are supposed to sympathize with the views of some not apparent reason, the notice of sus

the Federal Government, are, I trust, unfounded. pension was withheld. The reception, at

The purpose of such a movement could not be Washington, of the terms of agreement with misunderstood, and it would not only be a palpable Price, caused the immediate dispatch of the violation of the agreement referred to, and an equal

ly plain violation of our constitutional rights, but a notice of May 16th. May 31st Harney announced his want of authority in the Depart- would be resisted to the last extremity.

gross indignity to the citizens of the State, which ment of the West. He was succeeded by

“My wish and hope is, that the people of the State General Nathaniel Lyon.

of Missouri be permitted in peace and security to de. June 4th, Sterling Price cide upon their future course, and so far as my abil.

issued a circular directed ities can effect this object, it shall be accomplished. “to the Brigadier-Generals commanding the The people of Missouri cannot be forced, under several Military Districts in Missouri,” in the the terrors of a military invasion, into a position not course of which lie thus adverted to his views of their free choice. of the agreement with Harney:

“ A million of such people as the citizens of Mis. Having taken no steps toward dissolving our

souri were never yet subjugated, and if attempted, connection with the Federal Government, there was

let no apprehensions be entertained of the result." no reason whatever of disturbing the peace and The arrogance and open

General Lyon's Movetranquillity of Missouri. I have therefore desired, ly expressed treason of this and such I am authorized has been, and still is, the document certainly indidesire of the Chief Executive under whose orders I cated to General Lyon that, if he would preacted, that the people of Missouri should exercise

serve Missouri, no delay should occur in the the right to choose their own position in any contest occupation of the strong strategic points. He which might be forced upon them, unaided by any immediately conferred with the War Departmilitary force whatever. The right to bear arms in

ment by telegraph and special messengers, Defense of themselves and of their State cannot be questioned, secured, as it is, by both the Constitu- and arranged to throw regiments forward to tion of the United States and of this State.

Springfield, Kansas City and Jefferson City, “For the purpose, therefore, of securing to the strengthening Bird's Point and occupying people of Missouri a free exercise of their undoubted Rolla. rights, and with a view to preserve peace and order Obtaining an inkling of the contemplated throughout the State, an agreement has been enter movements, and to gain time for the furthered into between General Harney and myself, which I ance of his schemes, Governor Jackson and consider alike honorable to both parties and govern Price solicited an interview with General ments represented."

Lyon, to “try to come to an understanding." But the ex-Governor had to confess to a l Lyon cheerfully consented and issued his or

Price's Circular.

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ments.

INTERVIEW

BETWEEN JACKSON, PRICE

AND LYON.

165

Interview between

der for their safe transit to and from St. could put forth a formida

Interview between Louis, viz.:

ble opposition to the Gen

Jackson, Price and “ HEAD-QU A , }

eral Government, and even

Lyon.
St. Louis, Mo., June 6, 1861.

without arming, combinations would doubtIt having been suggested that Governor Clai

less form in certain localities, to oppress and borne F. Jackson and ex-Governor Sterling Price drive out loyal citizens, to whom the Governare desirous of an interview with General Lyon, com

ment was bound to give protection, but which manding this Department, for the purpose of effecting, if possible, a pacific solution of the domestic it would be helpless to do, as also to retroubles of Missouri, it is hereby stipulated on the press such combinations, if its forces could part of Brigadier-General N. Lyon, U. S. A., com

not be sent into the State. A large aggressive manding this military Department, that, shoula force might be formed and advanced from the Governor Jackson and ex-Governor Sterling Price, exterior into the State, to assist in carrying, or either of them, at any time prior to, or on the 12th out the secession programme, and the Governday of June, 1861, visit St. Louis for the purpose of ment could not, under the limitation propossuch interview, they and each of them shall be free ed, take posts on these borders to meet and from molestation or arrest on account of any charge repel such force. The Government could not pending against them, or either of them, on the part shrink from its duties nor abdicate its corresof the United States, during their journey to St. Louis, their stay at St. Louis, and their return from ponding rights; and, in addition to the above, St. Louis to Jefferson City.

it was the duty of its civil officers to execute “Given under the hand of the General command civil process; and, in case of resistance, to ing, the day and year above written.

receive the support of military force. The “ N. LYON, Brigadier-General Commanding.” proposition of the Governor would at once

The State officials arrived overturn the Government privileges and preJackson, Price and in St. Louis, by special rogatives which he (General Lyon) had neiLyon.

train, June 11th, when the ther the wish nor authority to do. In his interview took place — General Lyon and opinion, if the Governor and the State author. Colonel Blair, accompanied by Major Conant, ities would earnestly set about to maintain calling at the hotel. The substance of its the peace of the State, and declare their purproceedings may be thus stated : Price, speak- poses to resist outrages upon loyal citizens of ing for the Governor, demanded that no the Government, and repress insurrections armed bodies of United States troops should against it, and in case of violent combinations pass through, or be stationed in, the State-needing co-operation of the United States assuming that Governor Jackson would then troops, they should call upon or accept such disband his own troops and give protection assistance, and in case of threatened invasion, to all classes of men alike. The ex-Governor the Government troops took suitable posts to denied that he had ever entertained any other meet it, the purposes of the Government would idea of State Rights, and asserted that his be subserved, and no infringement of State agreement with Harney was explicit on these rights or dignity committed. He would take points. When asked about the Harney mem- good care in such faithful co-operation of the orandum he denied any kpowledge of it. State authorities to this end, that no indiThe document itself was produced. It was

vidual should be injured in person or proper

ty, and that the utmost delicacy should be “N. B. Read to General Price, in the presence of

observed toward all peaceable persons conMajor Turner, on the evening of May 21st."

cerned in these relations. The official was disconcerted, but insisted

These were the views of a clear head and upon his points as the only basis for a peace. a loyal heart; upon them the General might Lyon, of course, repudiated the demands as rest his case with any court than one radicalalike preposterous and treasonable. He as-ly disloyal. The two State functionaries sumed that, if the Government withdrew its wanted to debate the question, but Lyon cut forces entirely, secret and subtle measures off debate by urging that he could not and would be resorted to to provide arms and would not accept any other view. Price effect organizations which, upon any pretext, l (bent upon obtaining time) asked to open a

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