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CHAPTER IX.

MILITARY MOVEMENTS IN THE NORTH. ENORMOUS CONTRIBU

TIONS OF FUNDS BY LEGISLATURES, CITIES, &C. GOVERNOR
CURTIN'S MESSAGE. Τ Η Ε PRESIDENT'S PROCLAMATION FOR
TI REE YEARS'

TROOPS. THE BLOCKADE ENFORCED. THE
MILITARY DEPARTMENTS CREATED. SCOTT's PLAN OF PRO-
CEEDING. THE CAIRO

CAMP. MOVEMENT OF TROOPS. DOINGS OF BUTLER IN MARYLAND.

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dezvous.

20.000

The Free States' Govern- | assembled April 22d, and, on the 25th, voted The States' Ren

ors, without exception, an- one million dollars to arm and equip its vol.

swered the President's call unteers. The Legislature of Indiana voted for troops by calling together their respect-five hundred thousand dollars, April 29th. ive Legislatures, and by taking such other The New Jersey Legislature met April 30th, steps as would hasten the dispatch of the and the Governor recommended two million complement first called for. The several dollars for war purposes. May 3d, the Conrendezvous designated by the War Depart- necticut Legislature appropriated two millment, were as follows: New York, N. Y. ions for the public defense. City, Albany, Elmira ; Pennsylvania, Phil- These contributions of

Enormous Free Conadelphia, Harrisburg; New Jersey, Trenton; Legislatures, cities, and

tributions. Delaware, Wilmington ; Missouri, St. Louis ; towns, amoanted, May 7th, Illinois, Chicago, Cairo; Indiana, Indianap- to over twenty-three millions of dollars. The olis; Ohio, Columbus, Cleveland ; Michigan, record is so honorable that we repeat such Detroit; Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Iowa, Keo- as were reported up to the date named : kuk; Minnesota, St. Paul; Maine, Portland; Albany, N. Y...... $46,000 Cam. & Am. R.R. Co. $10,000

Auburn, N. Y

4,000 Detroit Mich. New Hampshire, Portsmouth; Vermont, Bur

50.000

Abington, Mass 5,000 Daukirk, N. Y... lington; Massachusetts, Springfield; Rhode Amesbury, Mass.. 5,000 Dover, N. H... 10,000

Acton, Mass... 5,000 Damariscotta, Me.. 3,000 Island, Providence; Connecticut, New Haven. Boston, Mass.. 186,000 Elizabeth, N. J.,. 11,000

Brooklyn, N. Y.... 75,000 Elkhart, Ind.

8,000 At these points arrangements were made for Bridgeport, ct..... 31,000 Erie, Pa...

Burlington, Vt..... quartering the quotas, and for dispatching Bath, He...

3,000 Evansville, Ind..... 15,000

10,000 Fall River, Mass.... 10,000 regiments to the seat of danger, as rapidly as

Batavia, N. Y..

4,000 Flemington, N. J... 5,000

Buffalo, N. Y. 110,000 Fond du Lac, Wis.. 4,000 they were organized.

Burlington, N. J.... 4,000 Gloucester, Mass...

10.000 Bordentown, N. J.. 3,000 Glens Falls, N. Y... 10,000 The Legislatures, on as- Bradford, Vt.

2,000 Great Falls, N. H... 10,000 Patriotism of the State

Bridgeton, N. J.... 1,000 Greensburg, Ind.... 2.000 Legislatures. sembling, immediately ad

Bedford, Mass... 2,000 Georgetown, Mass 5,000 dressed themselves to the Bennington, Vt.... 10,000 Galena, ni

1,000

Barre, Mass.. 2,000 Hudson, N. Y.. 4,000 questions of finance, and military organiza- Braintree, Mass... 2,000 Hamilton Ohio.. 1.000

1,000 Hoboken, N. J... tion demanded by the sudden emergency. Brunswick, Me.

2,000

1,000 Hornellsville, N. Y. 1,000 As early as April 15th, the New York Legis- Connecticut,' state. 2,000,000 Harrisburg, Pa.....

10,000 Hartford, Conn..... 64.000

5.000 lature (then being in session) voted three Cincinnati.. 280,000 Illinois, State... 2,000,000

Charlestown, Mass.. 10,000 Indiana, State......1.000.000 million dollars for arming and equipping Chicage, III. 20,000 Iowa, State. 100.000

Circleville, Ohio.
New York Clinton, Ill.

2,000 | Ithaca, N. Y..

10.000 troops for immediate service.

5,000 Indianapolis, Ind... 5,000

Cohasset, Mass... 1,000 Ipswich, Mass... 4,000 city (April 22d) appropriated one million

Clinton, N. Y.. 1,000 Jersey City, N. J... 32,000 for the same purpose, and five hundred thou- Concord, Mass.. 4,000 Janesville, Wis... 6.000

Concord, N. H. 10,000 Kenton, Ohio... 2,000 sand dollars for the support of families of Canandaigua, N. Y. 7,000 Keene, N. H.. 10,000

Canton, Mass.. 5,000 Lynn, Mass.

10.000 the volunteers. The Vermont Legislature Cass County, Ind... 6,000 Lorkport, N. Y....

2,000

25.000

N. Y..

THE PRESIDENT'S SECOND

CALL FOR TROOPS.

141

Lawrence, Mass.... $5,000 | Rhode Island, State. $500,000 passage to the Capital, by any and every route esLowell, Mass.. 8,000 Rochester...

69,000 London, Ohio... 1,000 | Rockland, Me... 10,000 sential to the purposes of the Government, must be Lancaster, Pa.. 5,000 | Salem, Mass..

15,000

attained peaceably if possible, but by force of arms Lebanon county, Pa. 10,000 Stowo, Mass..

2,000 Maine, State..... .1,300,000 i Schenectady, N. Y. 2,000 if necessary. The time for temporizing and forbearMichigan, vari's pl's. 50,000 Seneca Falls, N. Y.. Milwaukee, Wis.. 31,000 Stockbridge, Mass.. 3,000 ing with this rebellion is past. On Saturday last an Marblehead, Mass..' 5,000 i Sycamore, mi..... 4,000 additional requisition was made for twenty-five regi. Malden, Mass... 2,000 St. Albans, Vt... 10,000 Malison, Ind..

6,000 Sag Harbor, N. Y.. 3,000 ments of infantry, and one of cavalry. There have Mount Holley, N. J. 3,000 Sar. Springs, N. Y..

2,000 been more companies tendered than will make up the Morristown, N.J... 3,000 Southboro, Mass...

2,000 Mystic, ct.. 7,000 Syracuse, N. Y., 34,000

entire complement. The Governor communicates Madison, Wis.. 9,000 | Salisbury, Mass 5,000 Marlboro', Mass. 10,000 Shelburne, Vt...

1,000 the fact that the Banks of the Commonwealth have Marshfield, Mass.. 5,000 Schuylkill Co., Pa.. 30,000 voluntarily tendered any amount of money necessary New York State...,3,000,000 Sutton, Mass..

6,000 New York City. .2,173,000 Troy, N. Y......... 48,000 for the common defense and general welfare of the New Jersey State... 1,000,000 Toledo, Ohio..

5,000 Newark, N. J..... 136,000 Taunton, Mass... 40,000

State and nation. The loan of five hundred thousand New Haven, Ct..... 30,000 Ctica, N. Y.

20,000 dollars is not yet exbausted, as it is impossible to Norwich, Ct... 13,000 Upper Sandusky, 0. 5,000 New London, Ct.... 10,000 Vermont, Stato..... 1,000,000 have the accounts properly settled; but a much N. Brunswick, N. J. 2,000 Wisconsin, Slato.... 225,000 larger sum will be required. The Legislature has been Needham, Mass... 3,000 Weymouth, Mass... 5,000 Newtown, Mass.. 8,000 Wilmington, Ohio... 3,000 convened not only to complete the reorganization N. Andover, Mass... 3,000 Waynesville, Ohio.. 2,000 Noblesville, Ind.... 10,000 Waltham, Mass.. 5,000

of the militia laws of the State, but to give the Gov. Newbury, Mass.. 3,000 W. Cambridge, Mass. 10,000 ernor authority to pledge the faith of the CommonNewburyport, Mass. 4,000 Woodstock, Vt. 1,000 Ohio, State. 3,000,000 Watertown, N. Y...

3,000 wealth to borrow such sums of money as may be Oswego, N. Y. 13,000 Warsaw, NY... 3,000

necessary for the extraordinary requirements. In Ottawa, nii... 18,000 Watertown, Mass... 2,000 Pennsylvania, State 3,500,000 Waterford,'N. Y.. 8,000 order to protect the border, he recommends the im. Philadelphia.. 330,000 Westboro', Mass.... 8,000 Plymouth, Mass 2,000 West Troy, N. Y.. 7,000

mediate organization of fifteen regiments of cavalry Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 10,000 Woburn, Mass. 5,000 and infantry, exclusive of those called into the Piqua, Ohio.. 20,000 Warsaw, N. Y.

3.000 Paterson, N. J...... 10,000 Woodbury, Conn.... 5,000 service of the United States. He recommends the Portland, Me... 31,000 Webster, Mass.. 4,000 Princeton, N. J.... 2,000 Xenia, Ohio..... 14,000

act legalizing the authorizing of appropriations of Palmyra, N. Y... 6,000 Zanesville, Ohio.... 3,000 corporations for the families of volunteers.” Quincy, řass. 10,000 Total.

. $23,277,000

The additional requisition referred to was not

The President's The Pennsylvania Legis

Second Call for Troops. Governor Curtin's

lature assembled April 30. made public until May 3d, Message.

The Message of Governor when the President issued the following proCurtin

clamation: may be referred to as indicative of the

" WASHINGTON, Friday, May 3d, 1861. spirit which animated the State Executives

Whereas, existing exigencies demand immediate to which the Legislators fully responded. The and adequate measures for the protection of the abstract report was as follows:

National Constitution and the preservation of the “Gov. Curtin's Message on the opening of the ex- National Union by the suppression of the insurrectra session, speaks of the unexampled promptness tionary combinations now existing in several States and patriotism with which Pennsylvania and other for opposing the laws of the Union and obstructing loyal States have responded to the call of the Presi. the execution thereof, to which end a military force dent. It says that the slaughter of Northern troops in addition to that called forth by my Proclamation in Baltimore, for the pretended offense of marching of the fifteenth day of April, in the present year, at the call of the Federal Government peaceably appears to be indispensably necessary, now, thereover soil admittedly in the Union, with the object of fore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United defending the common Capital, imposes new duties States, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and and responsibilities on the State and Administration. Navy thereof, and of the militia of the several States This state of things cannot be submitted to, whether when called into actual service, do hereby call into Maryland may profess to be loyal to the Union or the service of the United States forty-two thousand otherwise. There can be permitted no hostile soil, and thirty-four volunteers, to serve for a period of no obstructed thoroughfare, between the States un. three years, unless sooner discharged, and to be doubtedly loyal and their National seat of Govern. mustered into service as infantry and cavalry. The ment. There is reason to hope that the route proportions of each arm and the details of enrollthrough Baltimore may be no longer closed against ment and organization will be made known through the peaceable passage of our people armed in the the Department of War; and I also direct that the service of the Government, but we must be fully as- regular army of the United States be increased by sured of this, and uninterrupted enjoyment of the the addition of eight regiments of infantry, one regi

The President's Second Call for Troops.

Enforcement of the

Blockade.

ment of cavalry, and one regi- | treme labor to put in com-
ment of artillery, making alto- mission the vessels required

gether a maximum aggregate for the immediate emerincrease of twenty-two thousand seven hundred and gencies of the war, without any reference to fourteen officers and enlisted men, the details of which demands for the blockade service. It was, increase will also be made known through the De- indeed, only by the hearty co-operation of partment of War; and I further direct the enlistment, for not less than one nor more than three merchants, ship-owners and masters, founders

and builders, that the Secretary of the Navy years, of eighteen thousand seamen, in addition to

was enabled to meet the requisitions for the present force, for the naval service of the United States. The details of the enlistment and organiza transports and convoys; yet his assiduity extion will be made known through the Department tended to the imperative requirements of the of the Navy. The call for volunteers, hereby made, blockade; and, one by one, the ports desigand the direction for the increase of the regular nated were placed under the surveillance of army, and for the enlistment of seamen hereby given, the Union flag. It was fully nine months together with the plan of organization adopted for before the immense coast-line from Fortress the volunteers and for the regular forces hereby | Monroe to Brownsville could be so patrolled authorized, will be submitted to Congress as soon as with cruisers and guarded by local ships as assembled.

to render egress and ingress impossible; but, “ In the mean time I earnestly invoke the co-ope from the very day the first vessel appeared ration of all good citizens in the measures hereby off the leading harbors, the commerce of those adopted for the effectual suppression of unlawful violence, for the impartial enforcement of Constitu- ports ceased almost as completely as if a bar tional laws, and for the speediest possible restora. had grown across their channels. The world tion of peace and order, and with these, of happiness never before witnessed a fleet created as rapand prosperity throughout our country.

idly; nor has any modern Government ever “In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my been called upon to perform so vast a service hand and caused the seal of the United States to be which was performed as well. That, out of affixed.

the almost interminable lagunes of the South· Done at the City of Washington, this third day ern coast—where available harbors opened of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight through every few leagues of sand and swamp hundred and sixty-one, and of the Independence of -a few small craft should have broken the the United States the eighty-fifth.

blockade” is not singular: or, that the many. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

mouthed ports of New Orleans, Savannah and By the President,

Charleston should have sent cargoes to, and “ WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State."

received them from, the Bermudas and Cuba, Prior to this the President had issued his

or from England direct, in swift-sailing steamsecond Proclamation of blockade (April 27th) ers, is not evidence of the covering the coasts of North Carolina and inefficiency of that block

English Interference. Virginia—thus sealing them from commerce. ade, when the intricacies of the coast are Virginia oysters, pine wood and tobacco, and fully understood, or the cupidity of English North Carolina rosin and tar languished on traders is appreciated. It is to the dis. their lagunes and river banks, and those States honor of the English Government that it found that their revenues almost instantly sought to force the blockade, so far as to ceased. Nothing was left for their people to make one of its nearest and most availablc do but to fight or starve; therefore the cry islands—that of New Providence a regular “to arms !” became as suddenly popular as rendezvous for Southern vessels. The port the loss of trade had been complete.

of Nassau became, during the pendency of The blockade squadron was organized as the war, a regular port of entry and transrapidly as the demoralized state of the navy shipment for goods bound to and from the would allow. The shocking disorder reigning rebellious States. Loads of arms, munitions, in that arm of the service (see Vol. I, pages ordnance, clothing, &c.—all contraband of 439–444,) when the Lincoln Administration war—found their way into the South through assumed its contrul, rendered it a work of ex- I the vigilance and daring of a few English

“ Signed,

66

MILITARY DEPARTMENTS

CREATED.

143

Created.

commanders.* That all was done with the hundred guns—many of them superb Columfull knowledge of the authorities, both at the biads and Dahlgrens—at the disposal of the island and in England, admits of no question. Confederate authorities. The American people will be slow to forget May 11th, the steam frigate Niagara arthe commercial history of Nassau in 1861-2; rived off Charleston bar and sealed the main and that the reckoning will be fully paid entrance against commerce. Savannah was with interest, is the solemn purpose of every not closed until May 28th, when the gunboat American citizen.

Union appeared off the river mouths. The The steam frigate Minne- Brooklyn appeared off the Mississippi mouths The Vessels on Duty. sota, flag-ship of the block- May 27th. Mobile was blockaded the same ading squadron, sailed on duty from Boston, day. Prior to this (May 22d) the fortificaMay 8th. At the same date the frigate Cum- tions at Ship Island, which had been seized berland, the Pawnee and Monticello, with the by the Confederates, were abandoned. tug and gunboat Yankee, were off Fortress The President's procla

Military Departments Monroe, closing up the mouths of James mation for three years' and York rivers; while the four steamers of troops indicated the vigor the Aquia Creek line, heavily armed, were with which the Administration had detercruising up and down the Potomac – thus mined to meet the emergency. April 27th, sealing Virginia commerce by sea. The Con- the three military Departments of Washingfederate authorities, apprehending that the ton, Annapolis, and Pennsylvania were crenaval force gathering at Hampton Roads ated, their commands being given, respectmight be destined for the reoccupation of ively, to Colonel J. K. F. Mansfield, United Norfolk, sent thither heavy detachments of States Army, Brigadier-General of Volunteers troops, to man the batteries erected on Cra- B. F. Butler, and Major-General of Volunney Island, Sandy Point, at the Hospital, one teers Patterson. To these were added, May near Norfolk fort, and one three miles below 10th, the Department of the Ohio, including the Hospital, on the bluffs. All these points Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, of which the of defense were rapidly made effective, and command was assigned to Major-General of were kept in a high state of efficiency. As Ohio Volunteers, Geo. B. McClellan. . At the early as May 5th, one thousand and one hun- same date an order was issued requiring all dred Alabamians were in the defenses. At officers of the regular service to take and subthe same date, about ten thousand troops scribe anew the Oath of Allegiance to the were encamped in and around Norfolk, and United States. This order was rendered neat the Navy-yard barracks. An immense cessary by the still remaining number of offorce of laborers hastened to restore the prop- ficers who, if not traitors, so far sympaerty of the yard to its old condition, and soon thized with their Southern friends as to be had the satisfaction of placing over fifteen unsafe servants of their country. The order

* An incident illustrative of the length of Eng. produced the good effect of securing sevlish presumption was had in the ease of the fast steam

eral desired resignations from the regular er Fingal, which loaded in England with a heavy service. Thus sifted, the regular officers becargo of rifles, ordnance, stores, &c., and started, came thoroughly reliable; and they formed with the full knowledge of the English authorities, to the nucleus for the order and organization run the blockade. She succeeded, by her fleetness, which rapidly sprung up throughout the enin getting into Savannah. The presumption of the tire Army of the Union. transaction was in the English Consul of Savannah The Department of Virginia, embracing sending the crew of the vessel North, under the pro- Eastern Virginia and North and South Carotection of the English flag, demanding their unre- lina, was created May 20th, and the command stricted passage, as English subjects, to some Northern port, for return to England! They were of given to B. F. Butler, promoted to be Majorcourse forbidden to pass the lines, and sent back to

General of Volunteers, May 16th,

General enjoy the fruits of their ill-gotten gains. Their ves.

John A. Dix

named sel was afterwards burnt, to keep her from the guns Major - General of New York Volunteers, of the American squadron.

May 6th. He soon assumed command of

was

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the troops organizing in New York City, | soon found reason to feel that General Scott under State orders.

meant offense as well as defense. All these commands were The passage of troops Disposition of North

The First Regiments assigned to men qualified from the Eastern and Midern Troops.

on Duty. for the field. The im- dle States during the fourth mense aggregation of troops at Washington, week of April, fully tasked the ability of the Fortress Monroe, and at the camps in Penn- railways and available steam-transports. The sylvania and the Western States, rendered New York Seventy-first, Twelfth and Sixth field officers for superior command imme- sailed Sunday, April 21st, followed by the diately called for. The activity of the rebels Rhode Island First. All these regiments arleft no doubt of their purposes to surround rived, under convoy of the gun boat Harriet Washington by a net-work of available ap- Lane, off Annapolis, April 23., to find just proaches, with the eventual design of seizing entering the harbor the Massachusetts Fifth. Maryland, and thus to become possessors of Within six days Massachusetts had placed the National Capital. To this not very well en route for the Capital five full regiments of laid scheme of advance the Federal General infantry, a battalion of rifles and a finely in-Chief interposed his well-arranged plan equipped battery of six guns, for removing the scene of hostilities into the April 23d, the Sixty-ninth, Thirteenth and rebel territory. The concentration at For- Eighth regiments New York militia left for tress Monroe gave occupation to the enemy Annapolis. As an evidence particularly of for a large " army of observation” at Nor- the spirit of loyalty pervading the Irish-Amerfolk, Hampton and Yorktown, to guard the ican citizens, we may mention the fact that approaches to Richmond. The large camp sixty-five hundred names were enrolled on the at Chambersburg so evidently menaced Har- lists of the Sixty-ninth, from which the Colo-, per's Ferry and covered the west of Mary- nel, Corcoran, had to choose the one thousand land, as to make it necessary for the rebels and ten men required. to create an “army of observation” at the April 24th, the New York militia regi. Ferry and at Leesburg. The occupation of ment, the Twenty-fifth, from Albany, was in Cairo, April 20th, and a concentration at that the city, en route for Annapolis. One hundred point of a strong force under Colonel Pren- and seventy-five recruits for the New York tiss, made it evident that any expedition up . Seventh, also sailed in the steamer Daylight, the Ohio or Mississippi would fail; and com- direct for Washington, under charge of Cappelled the formation at Hickman and Colum- tain Viele. This steamer reached the Capital bus of another “army of observation.” Gov. on the morning of April 28th, being the first ernor Yates of Illinois, in announcing the rea- passage up the Potomac of a transport with sons for the occupancy of Cairo, by Special | troops.* Message to the Legislature, said: “Simul

* Colonel Schouler, Adjutant-General of Massachutaneously with the receipt of the order from setts, dispatched Captain Dodd of the Third battalthe War Department for the movement, reli-ion of rifles, May 1st, on the propeller Cambridge, able information reached me of the existence with orders to proceed up the Potomac. The order of a conspiracy by disaffected persons in other said: “It is the earnest desire of the Governor that States to seize upon Cairo and the southern the slip Cambridge shall reach Washington, and portion of the Illinois Central railroad, and demonstrate that a Massachusetts ship, armed with thus cut off communication with the interior Massachusetts men, shall be the first to arrive by of the State.” The appointment of McClel- that route, as our Sixth regiment was the first to lan to the command of the Department of

arrive at Washington through the hostile city of Bal.

timore.” The order was fulfilled, and the Cambridge the Ohio was made with reference to a cam

landed her troops in Washington May 3d ; but the paign in Western Virginia, to assist the honor of the first arrival, by the Potomac, belongs Wheeling Convention in re-establishing the to Captain Viele and the New York Seventh. The loyal Government, and to drive out of that Colonel also is in error in ascribing to Massachusetts section of the State all forces and local or- the honor of having been the first at the Capital ganizations of the Secessionists. The enemy with her troops. To Pennsylvania belongs that

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