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May 14th, the Congress passed a resolution that they were expected to invest a few score calling upon their President to name a day of bales, each, in the “National fund.” This for fasting and prayer. This was done in vitalized the bonds for a brief period; but, open session. As only acts of secondary im- Southern intelligence soon began to compreportance were done in open session, the in-hend the true nature of the transaction :- The ference was natural that the resolution was cotton depots might be found wanting of harmless—an inference strengthened by the cotton when the day of redemption came. fact that the usual word humiliation was Thus, the Confederate authorities were ciromitted from the invocation. That word cumscribed by the “lack of a generous confiwas too offensive to Southern ears to be used dence in their ability to meet every emergenin a resolve of their, Congress.

cy"; and, adopting the shinplaster policy of May 17th, the Congress States, corporations and individuals throughThe Confederate

authorized the issue of fifty out the South, the Government relieved its Exchequer.

millions of dollars in Con- " pressing necessities” by the emission of federate bonds, payable in twenty years at an Treasury notes to a perfectly limitless extent. interest not to exceed eight per cent-twenty It need not amaze another generation that millions of Treasury notes to issue in lieu of such a baseless currency really became the bonds, without interest, of small denomina- circulating medium. To refuse a Treasury tions for general circulation, if the needs of note was to incur the odium of disloyalty and the Departinents required. It was a wise to run the risk of arrest; therefore, in selfsubstitution. The needs of the Departments defense, the currency was accepted. Gold did require the twenty millions, and the ere long became unknown in the channels of Treasury notes soon became "generally circu- trade; the extraordinary. premium which it lated," as very few persons cared to keep them soon commanded was not able to draw it from longer than necessary. The remaining thirty its secret hiding-places. The history of the millions did not sell well--in fact, were not Confederate currency system, if it can be to be sold through the ordinary monetary pro- truthfully written, must prove one of the cucesses, and further legislation was afterwards riosities of modern literature. resorted to to provide a basis for redemption A second financial scheme in order to give the bonds the validity of se- adopted by the Congress, curity. But what security could the Confed- and approved by Jefferson erate Government give? It had no property Davis—the person most instrumental in in-it was but an experiment—the State Rights ducing Mississippi to go into repudiationdoctrine stripped it of the power of State or was the act“ prohibiting Southern persons, local taxation—the blockade rendered the owing moneys to Northern creditors, from tariff receipts nothing; and thus, there was paying the same to such creditors, and proonly “ Southern honor” for security. But, viding for the payment of the sums due such even that intangible basis of redemption was creditors into the Treasury of the Confederate suspected. The men who had participated States." As about one hundred and twenty in the celebrated repudiation of Mississippi millions of dollars were due to commercial indebtedness—thereby rendering many a con- men alone, in the North, this act, if it could fiding capitalist in Europe and America a be enforced—as it was to some extent-would beggar-were not implicitly trusted, even by give the Confederates pocket-money for some those who had been benefited by the act of time. What with arsenals robbed, forts seized, repudiation; hence, the sale of the bonds was mints, custom-houses and post-offices appropridespairingly slow:-like the snake coming out ated, and Northern debts confiscated, the Conof its state of torpidity—it seemed as if there federate Government started off with very fair never would be sun enough to warm it into life. prospects of " meeting every emergency”; but,

Later in the day the shrewd few in power alas for it! even these enormous robberies did conceived the happy idea of taking cotton not suffice for its needs, and the stability of for the bonds, storing it in Government de Southern institutions soon became allied to pots. Large planters were politely informed the instability of the shinplaster currency.

Confiscation of Northern Claims.


After much secret legis- | people, and to the loss of speculators in real Adjournment to

lation looking to a consoli- estate. Could the disappointed ones have

dation of its power, the cast the horoscope of the future, they might Confederate Congress adjourned (May 21st) have seen the Congress flying in terror from to meet at Richmond, Virginia, July 20th. Richmond, taking its peripatetic way back Montgomery for a brief season had sported again to the “ balmy land” where yellow its Capital honors. It now subsided into its fever was expected to stand sentinel on the former obscurity—much to the chagrin of its ramparts and keep “the Yankees” at bay.






MOVEMENTS in the South- , tired” from the United States army afforded Military Organ

ern States during the latter good men in plenty for the work at hand.

part of April and in May, Many, too, had seen service in Mexico, and in licated great activity in military circles. on the Texan border. Commissions to comMuch excitement prevailed among the peo- petent men did not go begging. The Conple. The call of Davis for thirty-two thou- federate service already embraced Beauresand five hundred troops, soon following the gard, Bragg, McCullough, Ripley, Hardee, requisition for nineteen thousand five hun. Huger, Magruder, Whiting, and others of dred men, absorbed most of the organized equal capacity; and the rapidity with which militia and independent companies. "Home they put their forces in the field, in an efGuards” organizations then became popular, fective shape, reflected creditably upon their into wbich great numbers of the well-to-do capacity. The direction of the revolution citizens of the South found their way. The eventually was committed to the hands of enthusiasm of the people seemed to grow with the men whom the United States had nurthe gathering danger of the hour; and if, in tured ; and the extraordinary obstinacy with any of the seven "original” Seceded States, which the Southern troops met the fortunes any persons entertaining Union sentiments of reverse may be credited as much to their still remained, they were thoroughly awed good discipline as to their asserted propensity into silence by the implacable spirit which for fighting. swept over that whole country like a simoon. Governor Pickens strain

Governor Pickens The several States prépared to meet the re- ed every nerve to place his

Ardor. quisitions of the Confederate authorities by State first among the decreating reserves and a thorough organiza- fenders of their soil, in point of equipment, tion of their separate military establishments. discipline, and effectiveness of her volunteer The large numbers of officers who had “re- regiments. The address issued to those

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called upon the last requisition embodied to be as resistless as the such inspiriting strains as the following: mighty torrent of the river Disappointment and

Chagrin. “ Hold yourselves in readiness to march at that fed the city with its the word to the tomb of Washington, and life-blood. All the daily press of the Cresswear that no Northern Goths and Vandals cent city mourned over the consolidated senshall ever desecrate its sacred precincts, and timent of the North, and, like their Goverthat you will make of it an American Mecca, nor, used hard words, which disguised neito which the votaries of freedom and inde-ther their apprehensions nor their regret. pendence from the South shall make pilgrim- Thus the Picayune said : age through all time. Let the sons of Caro- “ We are unwilling to believe the telegraphic lina answer the calls from the sons of Colo- reports of the total apostacy of the majority of the nel Howard, who led the Maryland line in citizens of the city of New York, who have ever triumph over the bloody battle-field of Cow- professed to be the friends of the South, and the oppens. Let them know we will return that ponents of Black Republicanism, as their vote in the blood with full interest, and let them feel late Presidential contest exhibited. We know that now as then that we are their brothers. I there are good men and true there, who are willing

to stand by the South to the last. We have been inshall endeavor not to expose our own State, formed by a gentleman lately from that city, that all and shall only march you beyond our bor- the telegraphic reports from thence in relation to ders under a pressing emergency; but, where this apostacy of New York citizens are enormously ever the Confederate flag floats, there, too, is exaggerated; if it be not so, the change is certainly our country, now and forever."

extraordinary. What has become of the Union proGovernor Moore, in call- cession of the bone and sinew of New York City, Governor Moore's Patriotism.

ing for his quota of five which turned out seven miles in length, in opposi

thousand troops under the tion to the Wide-Awakes? We shall wait for conlast requisition, gave vent to his patriotism firmátion before we are willing to believe in the in this characteristic manner :

apostacy of New York City.” “ The Government at Washington, maddened by last. Had the press of the South, knowing

Willing to deceive and be deceived to the defeat and the successful maintenance by our patriotic people of their rights and liberties against its the truth, confessed it freely, the people thus mercenaries in the harbor of Charleston, and the de- fully informed would have hesitated long termination of the Southern people forever to sever

before incurring the responsibilities of an asthemselves from the Northern Government, has now sault on the Federal Union ; but, like the thrown off the mask, and, sustained by the people miserable wretch who has tasted the fumes of the non-Slaveholding States, is actively engaged of the hasheesh, the Southern leaders prein levying war, by land and sea, to subvert your ferred not to be told of their danger. Realiberties, destroy your rights, and to shed your son could do little with such perverted men blood on yonr own soil. If you have the manhood -deaf to the past, dumb to the present, and to resist, rise, then, pride of Louisiana, in your blind to the future. might, in defense of your dearest rights, and drive

In the now popular strain back this insolent, barbaric force. Like your brave

of defiance and defamation ancestry, resolve to conquer or perish in the effort ; and the flag of usurpation will never fly over South

did Mr. Stephens appeal to ern soil. Rally, then, to the proclamation which I the masses, in his Atlanta speech, April 30th. now make on the requisition of the Confederate He said, among other things : Government."

" What is to take place before the end, I know This language showed the undercurrent not. A threatening war is upon us, made by those of disappointment and anger which set in who have no regard for right! We fight for our Like a flood when it became known that the homes, our fathers and mothers, our wives, brothers,

sisters, sons and daughters, and neighbors ! They North was a unit on the question of sustain

for money! The hirelings and mercenaries of the ing the policy of the National Executive. A

North are all hand to hand against you. Mississippi crevasse could not have caused

“ As I told you when I addressed you a few days more consternation in New Orleans than the ago, Lincoln may bring his seventy-five thousand crevasse of the loyal States which bade fair soldiers against as; but seven times seventy-five

Defiance and Defama

tion of the North.

Defiance and Defama

tion of the North.

thousand men can never con- the cities—the degraded, beastly offsccuring quer us.

We have now Mary of all quarters of the world, who will serve

land and Virginia, and all the for pay, and run away as soon as they can Border States with us. We have ten millions of peo- when danger threatens.” Hundreds of simple with us, heart and hand, to defend us to the ilar notices were set afloat, until the great death. We can call out a million of people, if need be ; majority of Southern people were led to beand when they are cut down, we can call out another, and lieve in their truth. The effect of such shockstill another, until the last man of the South finds a bloody grave, rather than submit to their foul dic. ing falsehoods, upon the minds of the men tation. But a triumphant victory and independence, of the North, who had answered their counwith an unparalleled career of glory, prosperity, try's call, was only to aggravate a rapidlyand progress, awaits us in the future. God is on our growing detestation of their enemy. side, and who shall be against us? None but his om- The aspersions of course

Atrocious Aspersions nipotent hand can defeat us in this struggle." reached the President. The

of the President He also added, to strengthen his point of opinion was assiduously exciting disgust of the “Vandals” in the disseminated that Mr. Lincoln was a drunkminds of the Southern people, the following ard and a lascivious man, degrading, in his interesting incidents connected with the oc-daily conduct, his high office. Thus the Richcupation of Washington by “ Lincoln's hire- mond Whig, (April 20th,) had“ reliable inforlings":

mation” that “Old Abe had been beastly in" Lincoln has occupied Georgetown Heights. He toxicated for the previous thirty-six consecu. has from fifteen to twenty thousand soldiers station tive hours, and that eighty border ruffians ed in and about Washington. Troops are quartered from Kansas, under command of Lane, occuin the Capitol, who are defacing its walls and orna- pied the East Room, to guard his Majesty's ments with grease and filth, like a set of Vandal slumbers." This, coming from a paper which hordes. The new Senate Chamber has been con had held out for the Union to a late day, verted into a kitchen and quarters-cooking and sleeping apparatus having actually been erected only marked the depth of degradation to and placed in that elegant apartment. The Patent which the press of the South was reduced in Office is converted into soldiers' barracks, and is order to satisfy the demands of the secession ruined with their filth. The Post-office Department spirit. The New Orleans Delta (April 29th) is made a storehouse for barrels of flour and bacon. repeated the wretched fabrication in this All the Departments are appropriated to base uses, strain : “A gentleman arrived here this mornand despoiled of their beauty by those treacherous, ing, who, with several others, was arrested, destructive enemies of our country. Their filthy while passing through Washington, for being spoliations of the public buildings and works of art Southerners, and were taken into the presence at the Capital, and their preparations to destroy of the august Baboon. He declares that Lin them, are strong evidence to my mind that they do coln was so drunk that he could hardiy not intend to hold or defend the place, but to aban- maintain his seat in the chair. It was notodon it after having despoiled and laid it in ruins. rious in Washington that he had been in a Let them destroy it-savage-like-if they will. We will rebuild it. We will make the structures more

state of intoxication for more than thirty-six glorious. Phænix-like, new and more substantial | hours. The man is nearly scared to death; structures will rise from its ashes. Planted anew,

and few people, in that city, are in a better under the auspices of our superior institutions, it condition." That these scandalous invenwill live and flourish throughout all ages."

tions passed uncontradicted by those who It would be interesting to show to what well knew their infamous falsity, is only one an extent Secession orators and presses pro- of a thousand evidences of the designed deceeded in defamation of the character, cour-ception practiced by the leaders to work the age, and strength of the Free State people. heart of the Southern masses up to a point of The Raleigh Banner, in urging the attack on frenzy against the Northern people and Presi. Washington, said: “The army of the South dent. will be composed of the best material that The movement of troops northward comever yet made up an army; while that of menced by April 20th-Richmond being the Lincoln will be gathered from the sewers of rendezvous. April 23d the Montgomery (Ala.)

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The Women of the


Express stated that fifty-four | were represented as being very enthusiastic Movement of Troops North.

hundred men were already for the war. This display or review was

in the field and ready to preparatory to the march, North, of Louisiamarch, and announced that two regiments na’s quota. The ladies of the city had prehad started for Virginia.

viously held a meeting (April 23d) to organThe First South Carolina regiment of vol. ize a relief association for providing the volunteers, Colonel Maxcy Gregg, started “for unteers with clothing. the seat of war on the Potomac,” April 23d. And here we may say The Charleston Courier said: “The call made that the female portion of upon South Carolina has been promptly re- Southern communities was sponded to. Governor Pickens has been per- quite as devoted to the war as the most arfectly overwhelmed with offers of brigades, dent Secessionist could desire. It, ere long, battalions, regiments, and companies, all de- became their pride and boast to say—“my sirous of being accepted as volunteers for Vir- husband,” or “my son” or “my brother is in ginia. The reverence felt for her soil by the Confederate army.” The making of lint South Carolinians, is only equalled by the and bandages, the manufacture of clothing, spirit and enthusiasm of the people to be the the gathering of funds for the support of the first to defend her, and, if necessary, with the families of volunteers, became their chief ocbest blood of the State.” This sounded large; cupation. If men faltered in their hope or but, considering that the State, according to faith, they had only to hear the not always the census of 1860, contained only fifty-seven sweetly worded invective of their maids and thousand white male adults, it was certain matrons against the “ ruthless invaders,” the that the “overwhelming" offers would not “hirelings of old Lincoln,” the “barbarians greatly exceed the entire male population. of the New England mills,” to re-inspire Yet, this same journal--to illustrate the ir- their wavering ardor in the cause of secession. responsible character of Southern journalism The Richmond Inquirer of April 27th gave —in a previous article assumed that the State the number of Confederate troops at that point had (in April) ten thousand men under arms

as three thousand and twenty-two. By May 1st at Charleston, and twelve thousand in other the number was increased to sixty-two hunportions of the State, and had, besides, fifty- dred, and by the middle of the month the eight thousand enrolled and organized troopsforce was so large that the permanent line of -in all eighty thousand effective men, or defense facing the Potomac, was discussed. twenty-three thousand more than the entire Norfolk and Harper's Ferry were made secure, male adult population of the State ! Such Yorktown was occupied; batteries were ioassumptions were made in the interests of cated on the Potomac, and sufficient troops “ the cause,” and were among the instrumen- were posted in the vicinity of Arlington talities used to inspire the people with confi- Heights to excite much uneasiness dence in regard to their own resources and ing only relieved by General Scott's first abilities to overcome opposition,

grand stroke (May 24th), the occupation of the The New Orleans papers of April 30th gave Potomac from Alexandria up to Georgetown, glowing accounts of the grand military dis- the seizure of the Loudon and Hampshire play of the day previous. Between three and railway terminus, with cars, locomotive, &c., four thousand troops, of all arms of the ser- and of the terminus of the Orange and Mavice, participated. The people of the city nassas Gap railroad.

a feel.

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