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York Seventh.

The New York Ad

The report of the Committee stated at malign presence. Indeed, the city never was length the amount and character of the im- free of the unnatural apostates. portant services which it rendered-gratui- The reception extended

Reception of the New tously, so far as their own time and onerous to the gallant Seventh, was labors were concerned. From it we learn thus chronicled by one

that it assisted into the present: “At the depot they were received

field, and stimulated to the with the utmost enthusiasm. But their march vance Regiments.

advance of all the splendid | down and up Pennsylvania avenue, past the regiments of New York Militia which re- hotels, the State and Treasury Departments, sponded to the call and were among the was a triumphal procession. The steps and earliest to reach the Capital, viz.: the Seven- balconies of the hotels, the windows of the ty-First, Colonel Vosburgh; Sixth, Colonel private houses, the doorways of the stores, Pinckney ; Twelfth, Colonel Butterficld; and even the roofs of many houses, were Eighth, Colonel Lyons ; Fifth, Colonel crowded with men, women and children, Schwarzwelder ; Sixty-Ninth, Colonel Cor- shouting, and waving handkerchiefs and flags. coran; Second, Colonel Tomkins; Ninth, Many and brilliant have been the greetings Colonel Stiles; Seventy-Ninth, Colonel Came- they have received at home and abroad, but ron. All these regiments were standing or- never have they been welcomed before with ganizations which had only to fill up their such heartfelt and grateful plaudits. ranks and hurry forward to the Capital. “The regiment had been looked for day They were accompanied by the Brooklyn after day and hour after hour, until many (New York Militia) regiments, viz.: the had almost adopted the conclusion that the Thirteenth, Colonel Smith; Twenty-Eighth, name was a myth, and their existence a very Colonel Bennett; and Fourteenth, Colonel sham, But their appearance at last cheered Wood. To all of these the Committee acted every heart, and filled many an eye with waria as director and paymaster-general. The Ul- tears of joy and thankfulness. Union men ster Twentieth Regiment of New York Mi- who had hung their heads, now walked litia completed the quota of the standing erect, and the few Secessionists still in our militia of the Empire State which quickly midst who had been blatant in their sneers found their way to the seat of danger. at the northern men who were invincible in

The Massachusetts Eighth, peace and invisible in war,' now slunk away, Washington Safe.

as stated, piloted the way lest their very presence should excite the to Annapolis, preserved the frigate Constitu- loyal men to give them the punishment their tion from seizure, and landed to take posses- treason deserved. Every honor the citizens sion of the railway depot and works prepara- could devise at the moment, was accorded to tory to appropriating the road to Government them. On their return from the Capitol,

While the Eighth was prosecuting the they met many ladies with rosettes in their work of relaying the track and repairing the bonnets, and gentlemen with rosettes in their bridges, the New York Seventh pushed on button-hules, and many persons with small , ahead, reaching the Junction (eighteen miles) flags in their hands. after thirty hours of most arduous tramping "The regiment marched past the White and railway repairing. From the Junction House and then wheeling, passed through the it passed to Washington by railroad-arriving west gate, and in front of the President's at the Capital Thursday, April 18th, to glad- house. The gateway was thronged with ladlies den the hearts of all but the many traitors and gentlemen. Mrs. Lincoln sat at one of the who lingered in the Departments, who in- open windows, accompanied by several other fested every public place, who lurked every- ladies. The President, accompanied by the where throughout the city under the guise Secretaries of State and of War, and surrounded of citizens—creatures who stood ready to be by uniformed United States Army officers, tray the Government to which they had stood upon the sidewalk near the steps, in the sworn solemn allegiance. It was long before broiling sun, with his hat off, towering above the authorities could purge the city of their the crowd, and here received the marching

uses.

TIE

POSITION

OF

MARYLAND.

117

salu. 'of the Seventh. There was no speech | New York Seventy-first and Twelfth, and making. The Quartermaster rej rted the Governor Sprague's Rhode Islanders — the presence of the regiment, and the Colonel was first influx of that tide of "Northern invaders” presented to the President, but beyond this who were so soon to press over the Potomac no further ceremony was used.”

and assure the permanent safety of the NationTheir arrival was rapidly succeeded by al Capital by an invasion of Virginia's “s&that of the Massachusetts Eighth, and the I cred soil."

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The position of Mary- , rayed against Abolitionism, The State welcomed Maryland's Anoma

land, for the four weeks and cling to the South: and
succeeding the attack on if she has not delegates

Confederacy. the Massachusetts Sixth in the streets of Bal- with us now, she is in open defiance of Lincoln timore, was anomalous. Professing loyalty, and his Government, and will soon be with she still stood arrayed against the Govern- us even by revolution. The cause of Baltiment, and only ceased her opposition to the more is the cause of us all, from the Atlantic passage of troops over her soil when oppo- to the Rio Grande. Her hands must be held sition became useless. Governor Hicks was up, and triumph must be assured her.” The at once anxious to preserve the peace and enthusiastic Vice-President had a basis of the “neutrality" of his State ; and labored truth in his averments, as the “ Safety Bill” earnestly, for a brief period, to restrain the introduced into the Legislature of the State transit through Maryland of the forces and soon showed. Doubtless that bill was persupplies requisite to render Washington safe fected under his own eyes. But, he literally -thus far submitting to the behests of the counted the chickens before hatching.' pro-Southern faction in the State. The Gov- | Maryland was not with them to a man,' ernor, and most of the men of influence in por, indeed, would she be able to secede,' Maryland, were Unionists, but with such except by the miserable jugglery of a few qualifications as rendered them, for a while, revolutionists. The Vice-President's regard distrusted by the General Government a for “the cause" would not allow him to make distrust eventually banished by the position a more correct statement than fell from his afterwards assumed by Governor Hicks, of lips. It was wanted to "fire the Southern open and unqualified support of the Ad-heart.” ministration.

The history of the thirty days succeeding As late as April 30th, Mr. Stephens pro- April 17th would fill a volume. Doubtless claimed the safety of Maryland for the South- it will be given to the world to interest the ern cause, saying: “But, the best of all is people of Maryland and all special students that Maryland-gallant little Maryland of causes and effects bearing on the great right under the guns of Lincoln, and the rebellion. But, for the general reader, a threats of Blair to make it a Free State if brief chapter will suffice, showing how the the blood of the last white man has to be ship of State trimmed and veered to the gale shed in accomplishing it—has resolved, to a ere she righted and rode out her destiny, seman, to stand by the South. She will be ar curely if not gallantly.

6

test.

66

Against the passage of the honor to inform your Excellency in regard to Governor Hicks' Pro

troops, either through or another insurrection against the laws of Maryland,

around Baltimore, the State I am here armed to maintain those laws, if your Exand city authorities protested, as we have cellency desires, and the peace of the United States, already recorded. Against the use of the against all disorderly persons whatsoever. I am route by way of Annapolis, the Governor endeavoring to save and not to destroy ; to obtain

means of transportation, so that I can vacate the likewise protested as follows:

Capital prior to the sitting of the Legislature, and “ EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, ANNAPOLIS,

} Friday, April 23d, 1861.

not be under the painful necessity of incumbering

your beautiful city while the Legislature is in ses. To Brigadier-General B. F. Buller :

sion. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, “Sir: Having, by virtue of the powers vested in

“Your Excellency's obedient servant, me by the Constitution of Maryland, summoned the

(Signed) B. F. BUTLER, Legislature of the State to assemble on Friday, the

“ Brigadier-General." 26th instant, and Annapolis being the place in

Annapolis was not vacated, nor the railwhich, according to law, it must assemble; and

way released from Government control. The having been credibly informed that you have taken

outraged Legislature therefore assembled at military possession of the Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad, I deem it my duty to protest against this Frederick, (April 26th,) when the Governor step; because, without at present assigning any

detailed the recent history of affairs in a mesother reason, I am informed that such occupation sage, from which we may quote : of said road will prevent the members of the Legis.

“ Believing it to be the de.

Governor Hicks' His. lature from reaching this city.

sign of the Administration to

tory of Affairs. “Very respectfully, yours,

pass over our soil troops for “ (Signed) THOMAS H. HICKS." the defense of the City of Washington, and fearing

In General Butler the that the passage of such troops would excite our General Butler's

people and provoke a collision, I labored earnestly Governor found both a eply.

to induce the President to forego bis purpose. I shrewd lawyer and an able

waited upon him in person, and urged the impormilitary commander. His reply was charac

tance of my request. I subsequently communicated teristic of both qualities :

with him and his Cabinet by special dispatches, en. “ HEAD-QUARTERS U. S. MILITIA,

treating an abandonment of his designs. To all my ANNAPOLIS, MD., April 23d, 1861.

requests I could get but the reply that Washington To His Excellency Thomas H. Hicks, Governor of was threatened with attack; that the Government Maryland:

had resolved to defend it; that there was no other “You are credibly informed that I have taken way of obtaining troops than by passing them over the possession of the Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad. soil of Maryland, and that the military necessity of It might have escaped your notice, but at the offi- the case rendered it impossible for the Government cial meeting which was had between your Excel. to abandon its plans, much as it desired to avoid lency and the Mayor of Annapolis, and the Com the dangers of a collision.

On Sunday mittee of the Government and myself, as to the niorning last I discovered that a detachment of landing of my troops, it was expressly stated as the troops, under command of Brigadier-General Benjareason why I should not land, that my troops could min F. Butler, had reached Annapolis in a steamer, not pass the railroad because the company bad and had taken possession of the practice-ship Comataken up the rails, and they were private property. stitution, which, during that day, they succeeded in It is difficult to see how it can be, that if my troops getting outside of the harbor of Annapolis, where could not pass over the railroad one way, the mem- she now lies. After getting the ship off, the steambers of the Legislature could pass the other way. er lay outside the harbor, and was joined by anI have taken possession for the purpose of prevent- other steamer having on board the Seventh Regiing the execution of the threats of the mob, as off. ment, from New York city. Brigadier-General Butcially represented to me by the master of transpor-ler addressed me, asking for permission to land his tation of the railroad in this city, 'that if my troops forces. It will be seen from the correspondence passed over the railroad, the railroad should be de. here with submitted, that I refused my consent. stroyed.'

The Mayor of Annapolis also protested. But both "If the Government of the State had taken pos. steamers soon afterwards landed and put off their session of the road in any emergency, I should have troops. Subsequently other large bodies of troops long hesitated before entering upon it; but as I had reached here in transports, and were landed. I was

*

*

PUBLIC INDIGNATION

AGAINST

THE "SAFETY ACT."

119

Governor Hicks' His.

Act.

66

notified that the troops were our soil from being polluted with the blood of

to be marched to Washington. brethren." tory of Affairs. They desired to go without ob

Extraordinary pressure

The Public Safety struction from our people, but they had orders to was brought to bear on the go to Washington, and were determined to obey Legislature, to induce it to those orders. In furtherance of their designs, they assume the front of revolution, either by ortook military possession of the Annapolis and Elk dering a Convention or by itself adopting an Ridge Railroad, in regard to which act I forwarded Ordinance of Secession. Neither step was to Brigadier-General Butler the protest, and receive

taken; but the Governor's “honest and earned the reply herewith submitted. On Wednesday morning the two detachments landed, and took up

est conviction" of ncutrality was embodied the line of march for Washington. The people of in an act providing for the public safety, apAnnapolis, though greatly exasperated, acting un pointing a Board of Seven, who were to have der counsel of the most prudent citizens, refrained" full power and authority to provide for the from molesting or obstructing the passage of troops better organization, arming and regulation through the city. Seriously impressed with the of the militia.” They were clothed with alcondition of affairs, and anxious to avoid a repeti- most supreme authority, being empowered to tion of events similar to those which had transpired remove or appoint any officer above the rank in Baltimore, I deemed it my duty to make another of Captain, giving their commission in the appeal at Washington. Accordingly, I sent a spe

name and under the great seal of the State cial messenger with a dispatch to the Administra

to adopt any measures, or pursue any tion, advising that no more troops be sent through

course to provide for the safety, peace and Maryland; that the troops at Annapolis be sent elsewhere, and urging that a truce be offered with a

defense of the State—to fill all vacancies in view of a peaceful settlement of existing difficulties their own Board, &c., &c. The oath of office by mediation. I suggested that Lord Lyons, the was prescribed. Instead of swearing fealty British Minister, be requested to act as mediator to the General Government, the Board was to between the contending parties. The result of the swear not to proscribe any officer “for his po). mission will be seen from the correspondence here. litical opinion.” The act named the gentlewith submitted. These events have satisfied me

men to constitute the Board, comprising six that the War Department has concluded to make rank Secessionists and Governor Hicks. This Annapolis the point for landing troops, and has re

insidious scheme was more fully interpreted Bolved to open and maintain communication be

by the report of the Committee on Federal tween this place and Washington.

Relations, which arraigned the General Gov“I honestly and most earnestly entertain the conviction that the only safety of Maryland lies in pre

ernment in charges of acts of tyranny and serving a neutral position between our brethren of subjugation, and resolving that a committee the North and of the South. We have violated no should wait upon the authorities at Washingright of either section. We have been loyal to the ton to learn what course the President intendUnion. The unhappy contest between the two sec. ed to pursue, &c. Governor Hicks thus found tions has not been commenced or encouraged by himself virtually superseded, and the reign as, although we have suffered from it in part. The of the revolutionists about to commence. impending war has not come by any act or any

But the people came to wish of ours. We have done all we could to

The Public Indigna.

the rescue; and, by their avert it. We have hoped that Maryland and

loudly and menacingly utother Border Slave States, by their conservative

tered protests, fairly scared the conspirators position and love for the Union, might have acted as mediators between the extremes of both from their game. A very large meeting of sections, and thus have prevented the terrible evils the leading citizens of Baltimore convened of a prolonged civil war. Entertaining these views, Saturday evening, May 4th, to publicly exI cannot counsel Maryland to take sides against press the general indignation felt at the effort the General Government until it shall commit out- to subvert the State Government. Resolutions rages on us which would justify us in resisting were passed as follows: its authority. As a consequence, I can give no * Resolved, That the Convention, in the name of other counsel than that we shall array our- the order-loving people of Baltimore, do solemnly selves for Union and peace, and thus preserve protest against the attempt now making in the Legis

tion at the Act.

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lature of Maryland, to inaugurate a military despot- | troops in camp at Harrisburg, Chambersburg ism, by the enactment of the bill to create a Com- and York, could be thrown forward at any mittee of Publie Safety, which, under a profession moment to Cockeysville and Hagerstown. of providing for the protection, safety, peace and The occupation of the railroad from Philadefense of the State, would, if enacted into a law, delphia to the Susquehanna, completed the confer on an irresponsible boày powers which are unconstitutional and tyrannical in principle, and land was slowly but most surely pressed into

Union cordon by which revolution in Marywhich, by withdrawing from the citizen all guaranties now enjoyed for his individual security, must

its hiding-places. May 9th, the Baltimoreans endanger the public peace, and in the event of the

were surprised to learn that their city had enactment of that bill, we shall esteem it our duty again become a highway

“Through Baltimore." to avail ourselves of all constitutional remedies for for the Northern troops. defeating its execution, and vindicating public At three o'clock on the afternoon of that day, liberty.

transports from Perryville arrived off Locust Resolved, secondly, That the measures enacted Point, within the city limits, having on board and enacting by the Legislature, are indications of a thirteen hundred troops, consisting of one purpose on the part of a majority thereof to precip. battery of Sherman's artillery (six pieces and itate Maryland into a struggle with the Constitution seventy horses) under command of Major al authorities of the Union, and to effect by indirect Sherman; five companies (420 men) of the action a result which they acknowledge they are

Third U. S. (regular) infantry, under comunable to accomplish by direct legislation on the subject, and that we deprecate any effort to change

mand of Major Shepherd; the First Pennsylthe relations at present existing between the Union vania artillery (800 men), under command of and this State, by any authority whatsoever."

Colonel Patterson. The debarkation was A committee was appointed to proceed to made under cover of the Harriet Lane, which

guns
and

open Frederick. · At Frederick the feeling aroused lay off the Point, with shotted was anything but promising of peace to the ports. The city was intensely excited, but Legislators. A “Home Guard” was organ

there was no mistaking the new order of ized, composed of some of the best citizens things. Any violence offered would have of the place. To the Guard the ladies

been the signal for the bombardment of the

presented a United States flag. Reverdy John- city, both by the vessel of war and Fort Mcson acted as spokesman for the donors, and Henry—then strongly garrisoned. The entire

debarkation was made in order and quiet. delivered, to a large crowd, a masterly ora

The Mayor, with his two hundred special potion, sustaining the cause of the Union. General Scott was on the qui vive, too, to in-lice, was in attendance as soon as he was

made aware of the landing; but, his services angurate a checkmate for

further treason

any contemplated, and to open the railway routes

were not required—the United States officers' to the North. At noon of May 5th, the New showed that they were quite able to “ keep York Eighth, and, later in the day, the Mas

the peace" themselves. The entire detachsachusetts Sixth, appeared, unannounced, at

ment took cars for the Relay House and the the Relay House Station, at the junction of

Capital. the Baltimore and Ohio

The Maryland Legislature continued in Occupation of the with the Washington and

session, during these movements of the GeneRelay House Station. Baltimore railway.

ral Government to forestall any act of treason This

and revolution which miglit be attempted. occupation, executed under command of Gen

Thwarted in their effort to subvert the State eral Butler, commanded all communication between Harper's Ferry, Frederick and Bal

Executive, the Legislators were powerless for timore, and menaced the latter city.* The harm, and contented themselves with preach

ing treason when they had not the power or * General Butler's order of May 8th, detailed the sion virus. One of the Massachusetts men was poicircumstances of the occupation, giving the assigned soned by strychnine mixed iu cakes, which a peddler position of the several camps. He also related sev.

was allowed to sell to the soldiers. The miscreantes. eral incidents illustrative of the devilish spirit which caped, and all communication with unauthorized possessed those in Maryland imbued with the seces.

persons was immediately cut off.

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