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the Southern cause no sympathy. Impu-sation which directly came for the appalling dently assuming that one Southern man was disasters of the war was the poor satisfaction equal to three Northerners, and that, for the of having taught the South its physical infesake of cotton, both England and France riority. If the incidental blessings of liberty would give the Pro-Slave Confederacy an of conscience, liberty of press, liberty of early recognition, the conspirators plunged speech, and liberty of person should follow, headlong into the contest with a recklessness in those States where all have been denied only equalled by its stupidity. Only the with most virulent pertinacity for two genesword and the ordeal of trial could unde- rations, the sacrifices in the cause of the Union ceive such madmen; and the only compen- will not have been in vain.







APRIL 18th witnessed | ing of bells—to all of which the city sent up Major Anderson's New York Reception

several events of interest, answering notes. The reception at the Bat

viz: the arrival of Major tery was impressive and enthusiastic in the Anderson in New York, and his enthusiastic extreme--recalling that spectacle when Lareception; the arrival in New York of the fayet te received the congratulations of the Massachusetts Sixth, and its departure for American people at the same spot. The MaWashington; the destruction of Harper's jor proceeded to his hotel, to become, for a Ferry arsenal by fire, and its evacuation by few days following, the recipient of attentions the U. S. garrison under command of Lieuten- and honors which must have oppressed while ant Jones. The reception of Anderson was they gratified him. one of the most memorable ovations in the With the Baltic returned annals of a city noted for its popular demon- the re-enforcements disstrations. The Baltic's arrival at Sandy Hook patched to the Major's rebecoming known early in the day, the Bay lief. The Harriet Lane, Pawnee, the transport was soon alive with sail and steam craft Baltic, and tug Yankee, it appeared from remaking their way to the Narrows to give port of the returned officers of the expedition, him welcome. The passage up to the city neared Charleston Friday morning, April 12th, was like an old-time triumph. Guns boomed taking up position near the Swash Channel from the forts and the Battery. Num- bar. Over the bar it was found the transport berless water-craft, densely loaded with peo- and convoys could pot pass. A vessel from ple of all classes, glided around the stately Boston, loaded with ice, was seized, and the steamer in happy confusion, rendering her plan formed of running her in, loaded with progress slow. The air was rent with shouts, troops and provisions, during the darkness huzzas, the whistles of engines, and the ring- of Friday night. Oliver W. Clapp, an old

The non-Re-enforce


Re-enforcement of

Fort Pickens.



pilot and third officer of the Baltic, was given and dropped overboard to be towed into command of the hazardous expedition. Why shore. The troops had previously landed, it failed of being prosecuted is not definitely while the vessels of war were so disposed as stated. Doubtless, a careful reconnoissance to cover the operations in event of an attack, showed every approach to the fort to be so which was looked for every moment. The swept with cannon as to render certain de success of this enterprise intensely angered struction inevitable. The fleet therefore lay the enemy, when it became known to them, off the harbor, and received Anderson, to since it placed the fort beyond their grasp. steam away to the North. The Porchatan When the news reached the North, as it soon had not appeared off Charleston at all. Her did by the return of the Atlantic, it diffused mission was to Fort Pickens.

a sense of relief to all. Captain Meigs rePickens was successfully ceived, as he richly merited, the thanks of re-enforced on the night of his loyal countrymen. Friday, April 12th. The The evacuation of Har

The Harper's Ferry orders came on Friday, by a bearer of dis- per's Ferry was

Destruction. patches from Washington, to re-enforce im- mated on the night of mediately, at all hazards. The Brooklyn Thursday, April 8th. The secession of Virsteam sloop, taking on board the marines ginia, and the prospective descent upon from the frigate Sabine and the sloop St. Louis, Capital, placed the little garrison at the Ferry bore up as close to the outside shore of Santa in danger of capture. Lieutenant R. Jones, Rosa island as the beach would permit. The in command of the post, was on the alert, boats were then lowered and pulled away keeping himself fully informed of the movearound the end of the island, silently passing ments of the conspirators. On Thursday he within range of the guns of forts McRae and became aware of the approach of the wellBarrancas, without being observed. The armed detachment of State troops commislanding was effected in safety. Lieutenant sioned to seize the arsenal, stores, buildings, Albert W. Smith had command of the enter- &c., and to retain them for their treasonable prise. This success induced the order for all purposes. He therefore immediately prepared the marines of the squadron to embark in to burn and blow up the entire property of small boats. These were taken in tow by the the Government, and to retreat toward PennWyandotte, and drawn into the harbor until sylvania. Early in the evening the little the range of the rebel guns was reached, garrison, consisting of but fifty men, comwhen the boats were cut loose and pulled in, menced preparations for destroying the arsein silence. The second landing was success- nals and arms in case of necessity. Planks fully made, and Pickens was safe from the and timbers were cut up to ignite the buildthreatened assault of the six thousand troops ings. They emptied their mattresses, filled which Bragg was prepared to launch upon them with powder, and carried them into the fort at any moment. On Tuesday, the the arsenals. No suspicion was aroused 16th of April, the Atlantic steam transport among the people. The arms, fifteen thouarrived, heavily laden with troops, stores, sand in number, were then placed in the best ordnance, ammunition, horses for heavy ser position to be destroyed by the explosion, vice, fascines for batteries, &c., &c., all under and splints of boards and straw were piled the direct charge of Captain Meigs, of the up in different places in the shops. At nine U. S. Engineer Corps. The Powhatan steam o'clock, Lieutenant Jones being advised of frigate arrived April 17th. The Illinois steam the advance of not less than two thousand transport arrived April 20th, laden, as was men, who expected to be upon the place by the Atlantic, with every appliance of war ne- midnight, he at once proceeded to the work cessary to place Pickens out of danger. Un- of destruction. The windows and doors of der Captain Meigs' skillful management the the building were opened, that the flames entire cargoes were landed on the beach of might have free course. When all was ready, the south side of Santa Rosa island, by small the fires were started in the carpenter-shop, boats. The horses were slung in a crane the trains leading to the powder ignited, and

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his men marched out. The cry of fire alarm- | the stores, the munitions,

Destruction of the ed the town; and just as the officer and his the valuable machinery, re

Gosport Navy - yard. men were entering the lodge to escape, an flects a shadow upon the excited crowd pursued him, threatening ven- judgment of the administration of Mr. Lingeance upon him for having fired the build coln, which will not be wiped away by the ings. Wheeling his men, he faced the mob. only excuse offered that of military neThe order, “ present arms !" rang out on the cessity. The story of that stupendous imnight air, and the mob melted away before molation upon the shrine of treason has been the gleaming gun-barrels leveled at their variously told; but the following appear to heads. The company then fell into line and be the facts. struck up the canal into the woods, to pur- It became known, before the fall of Sumsue its weary way to Hagerstown, which ter, that, in event of Virginia's secession, she place it reached at seven the next morning. would seek to appropriate” the Gosport From thence the company proceeded by Navy-yard. Anticipating this, Government, omnibuses to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, instead of reenforcing the place to a defenwhere it arrived unannounced.

sive position, preferred an evacuation—as if The destruction was nearly complete. such a course would reassure the Virginia The Virginia troops, to the number of three people of Mr. Lincoln's good faith in professthousand, poured into the place during the ing to desire only peace.* Stores, under ornight and the following morning to find ders for shipment to the Navy-yard, were their coveted prize nothing but charred ru. withheld. Some authorities assert that, prior ins. The armory was not so far destroyed, to the affair of April 21st, several cargoes of however, as render the machinery hope stores and property were reshipped to Northlessly beyond repair; but Virginia ingenu- ern stations. It is certain one cargo was ity was not able to make much use of the returned, but it was one which had. not brofine and complicated mechanism which the ken bulk at all, having arrived after the fire could not consume. Harper's Ferry was evacuation had been determined upon. The thus transferred to the bands of the rebels, Report of the Investigating Committee (hereand, ere long, became a point around which after referred to) stated explicitly that the much military interest centered. The Balti- amount of property destroyed exceeded the more and Ohio railway passed into disloyal sum generally fixed upon as the total losscontrol, and ceased from that date to con- showing that but little property could have nect the East and West—a severe blow to been removed. That it might have been reWashington, but a severer one to Baltimore, moved, who can doubt ? Who shall say for the “Monumental City” quickly became that the two thousand cannon, and ammua city of deserted marts and ruined commer- nition enough for a campaign, could not have cial enterprises.

been quietly sent to Fortress Monroe, the The destruction of the week prior to their hasty abandonment ? Norfolk (Gosport) Norfolk Navy-yard was That they ought to have been removed, at Navy-yard, &c.

the next disaster-the extent of which it is hard to measure even at * See Appendix, page 480, for Cassius M. Clay's the end of time at which we write. That statement to the Editor of the Nashville Democrat, that magnificent property in buildings and dated Washington, April 20th, representing that material—that immense depot of stores, ord- Mr. Lincoln would use force only in defense of the nance, and munitions — that road of fleets capital. Mr. Seward said the same thing in his com

munication of April 22d, to Governor Hicks. See and harbor of recourse for the Home Squa- also Mayor Brown's statement of his interview with dron and ships in ordinary, should have been Mr. Lincoln, April 21st. The evacuation of Harleft 'nelpless and exposed to seizure, is not per's Ferry, it is stated by Mr. Clay, was ordered the least of the crimes which attach to Mr.

to favor the peace policy; and though no mention Buchanan's administration ; and, that all was is made of Gosport Navy-yard, its evacuation would given up to the flames and waters, without seem to have been ordered from the motive ascribed any effort to save the vessels, the ordnance, for the withdrawal from Harper's Ferry.

Destruction of the

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all hazards, it needed but stroyed. Carbines had their Destruction of the

Destruction of the little military prescience to stocks broken by a blow Gosport Navy · yard.

Gosport Navy - yard. declare, since their deser- from the barrels, and were tion placed the revolutionists in possession thrown overboard. A large lot of revolvers of the very materiel requisite to enable them shared the like fate. Shot and shell by thouto take the field immediately. Those Nor- sands went with hurried plunge to the botfolk guns throughout all the war proved po- tom. Most of the cannon had been spiked tent agencies for injury. They appeared the day and night before. There were at upon almost every field of battle, and gave least fifteen hundred pieces in the yard – to Manassas and Yorktown some of their best some elegant Dahlgren guns, and Columbiads artillery and siege ordnance.

of all sizes. The Paronee—having returned from Charles- “It is impossible to describe the scene of ton to Washington on the evening of Friday, destruction that was exhibited. Unweariedly April 19th, with an extra detachment of of- it was continued from nine o'clock until ficers and marines, and with Commodore about twelve, during which time the moon Paulding on board, steamed down to Fortress gave light to direct the operations. But Monroe, to take on board the entire Massa- when the moon sank behind the western chusetts Third, Colonel Wardrop, and with horizon, the barracks near the centre of the it to proceed to the Gosport station, where yard were set on fire, that by its illumination the troops were to assist in the work of de- the work might be continued. The crackstruction.* With the Commodore's flag at ling flames and the glare of light inspired her peak, the Pawnee started at seven o'clock, with new energies the destroying marines, Saturday evening, for the station. At half- and havoc was carried everywhere, within past eight she was in Gosport harbor. There the limits of orders. But time was not left lay the first-class frigates, Cumberland and to complete the work. Four o'clock of SunMerrimac, the fine corvette Germantown, the day morning came, and the Pawnee was passfirst-class sloop Plymouth - all afloat, and , ing down from Gosport harbor with the Cummostly ready for immediate service. Also berland, the coveted prize of the Secessionthe frigates Raritan and Columbia, both afloat ists, in tow—every soul from the other ships with their armaments aboard. Also the old and the yard being aboard of them, save two, liners Pennsylvanin (armed and in the stream), Just as they left their moorings, a rocket was and the Columbus and Delaware, in use as sent up from the deck of the Pawnee. It sped store and practice ships. On the stocks, high in air, paused a second, and burst in housed, was the immense hulk of the never shivers of many-colored lights. And as it launched line-of-battle ship New York.

did so, the well-set trains at the ship-houses, The Pawnee landed her forces at the dock. and on the decks of the fated vessels left beThe Massachusetts Fourth was detailed as hind, went off as if lit simultaneously by the guard to the several gates and avenues of ap- rocket. One of the ship-houses contained proach, to cover operations within the yard, the old New York, a ship thirty years on the and docks. The marines from the Pennsyl- stocks, and yet unfinished. The other was vania, Cumberland and Pawnee were then put vacant; but both houses and the old Nero to the work in hand. All the books, papers York burnt like tinder. The vessels fired and archives of the station were transferred were the Pennsylvania, the Merrimac, the Gerto the Pawnee. The movable portion of the mantown, the Plymouth, the Raritan, the ColPennsylvania's furniture and stores were trans- umbia, the Dolphin. The old Delaware and ferred to the Cumberland. This done, the Columbus, worn out and dismantled seventywork of destruction commenced. One who fours, were scuttled and sunk at the upper was present, wrote:

docks on Friday. “ Many thousand stands of arms were de- “I need not try to picture the scene of the *It is much to be regretted that Colonel Wardrop's grand conflagration that now burst, like the report to Governor Andrew, of this expedition to day of judgment, on the startled citizens of the Navy-yard, was lost in its trausmission. Norfolk, Portsmouth, and all the surround

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