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acres American amount Arkansas become bluffs bottom branches building called canal Cincinnati climate coal College common considerable contains course creeks cultivated district east eastern eight emigrants equal Erie especially excellent exist extensive families feet fifty five forest Fork formed four French half head hilly hundred Illinois improvement increase Indian institution Kentucky labor lake land latitude less live loam Louis manufactured means Michigan miles mill Minerals Mississippi Missouri mountains mouth navigable northern Ohio Ohio river passes period persons Pittsburgh population portion prairie present principal produce proportion quantities received region rich rises river road Rock runs salt sand season settlements side situated soil springs stone streams Surface Territory thousand timber tion town townships tracts twenty undulating United usually Valley various Virginia Wabash West Western White
Page 121 - With a horse, cow, and one or two breeders of swine, he strikes into the woods with his family, and becomes the founder of a new county, or perhaps state. He builds his cabin, gathers around him a few other families of similar...
Page 122 - Another wave rolls on. The men of capital and enterprise come. The settler is ready to sell out and take the advantage of the rise in property, push farther into the interior and become, himself, a man of capital and enterprise in turn. The small village rises to a spacious town or city; substantial edifices of brick, extensive fields, orchards, gardens, colleges, and churches are seen.
Page 120 - Generally, in all the western settlements, three classes, like the waves of the ocean, have rolled one after the other. First comes the pioneer, who depends for the subsistence of his family chiefly upon the natural growth of vegetation, called the "range," and the proceeds of hunting. His implements of agriculture are rude, chiefly of his own •nake, and his efforts directed mainly to a crop of corn and a "truck patch.
Page viii - Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day ? or shall a nation be born at once ? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.
Page 121 - ... clears out for the New Purchase," or migrates to Arkansas, or Texas, to work the same process over. The next class of emigrants purchase the lands, add field to field, clear out the roads, throw...
Page ix - The West is a young empire of mind, and power, and wealth, and free institutions, rushing up to a giant manhood, with a rapidity and a power never before witnessed below the sun. And if she carries with her the elements of her preservation, the experiment will be glorious — the joy of the nation — the joy of the whole earth, as she rises in the majesty of her intelligence and benevolence, and enterprise, for the emancipation of the world.
Page 125 - A log house, in western parlance, differs from a cabin, in the logs being hewn on two sides to an equal thickness, before raising; in having a framed and shingled roof, a brick or stone chimney, windows, tight floors, and are frequently clapboarded on the outside, and plastered within. A log house, thus finished, costs more than a framed one.
Page 122 - A portion of the two first classes remain stationary amidst the general movement, improve their habits and condition, and rise in the scale of society.
Page 268 - ... as has been supposed. For many of the purposes to which timber is applied, substitutes are found. The rapidity with which the young growth pushes itself forward, without a single effort on the part of man to accelerate it, and the readiness with which the prairie becomes converted into thickets, and then into a forest of young timber, shows, that, in another generation, timber will not be wanting in any part of Illinois. The...