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HEADQUARTERS TWENTIETH CORPS,
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of prisoners of war, captured during the late campaign from November fifteenth to December twenty-first, 1864:
Good but very hilly, particularly at the crossing of Little Haynes Creek.-Supplies : More plenty. -Distance: Sixteen miles.
November 18.-Order of march: Second, Third, and First divisions.-Weather: Fine; rain during the night.-Road: Excellent; water scarce after leaving the Ulcofauhatchee River. —Supplies:
scarce; poor country.-Distance; Fifteen miles. November 19.-Order of march: Cavalry, First and Third divisions; the Second division detached. Railroad destroyed to Madison.-Weather: rainy. -Roads: Good but muddy.-Supplies : More plenty.-Distance: Seven miles.
Moses White, Colonel, Thirty-seventh Tennessee infantry: J. H. W. Clinch, Colonel, Aid General Hardee; George P. Harrison, Colonel, militia; Thomas F. Wells, Lieutenant-Colonel, GeorNovember 20. - Order of march: Cavalry, gia militia; A. D. Taylor, Captain, Post Quarter- Third and First divisions; Second division demaster, Eatonton, Georgia; Charles W. Baldwin, tached.-Weather: Cloudy; commenced raining Captain, Cobb's Georgia Legion; S. McCombs, at five P.M.-Road: Good but heavy.-Supplies: Captain, Brigade Commissary of Subsistence, Not so plenty.-Distance: Twelve miles. Cook's brigade, Ewell's corps; J. R. Respass, Captain, commanding militia company; Benjamin Milliken, Captain, First Georgia Reserves, company E; F. M. Boace, First Lieutenant, Sixth Weather: Very rainy.-Road very muddy and Georgia cavalry; T. G. Batsman, First Lieutenworn. The condition of the road caused the ant, First Arkansas, Co. A; W. H. Best, First Third brigade, First division, to encamp two Lieutenant, Twenty-fifth Georgia; D. L. Ambrose, miles to the rear.-Supplies : More plenty.-DisFirst Lieutenant, Twenty-Fifth Georgia; Samuel G. Bowman, First Lieutenant, Fourth Tennessee;
November 21. - Order of march: Cavalry, Third and First divisions; Second division de
tached. Pontoons laid across Little River.
tance: Thirteen miles.
November 22.-Order of march: Cavalry, First, Second, and Third divisions.-Weather: Cold, clear, but windy. - Road: Good. - Supplies: Plenty.-Distance: Fifteen miles.
November 23.-The troops remained in camp. November 24.--Order of march: Cavalry, First, Second, and Third divisions.-Weather: Fine.Road: Excellent.-Supplies: Not so plenty.— Distance: Thirteen miles.
William H. Davis, First Lieutenant, Fifth Georgia cavalry; R. L. Mitchell, Lieutenant, Fourth Kentucky mounted infantry; Alexander Hasset, Lieutenant, First Georgia Reserves; J. D. Cercopely, Navy Captain, steamer Ida; John Harrison, Mate, steamer Ida; Andrew Ambrose, Pilot, steamer Ida; Thomas Swygover, First Engineer, steamer Ida; Peter C. Brown, Second Engineer, steamer Ida; L. A. McCarthy, Assistant EngiNovember 25.-Order of march; Cavalry, First, neer, steamer Ida; J. J. Smith, Paymaster's Second, and Third divisions. The cavalry had a Clerk, steamer Resolute; W. D. Oliveria, Pilot skirmish with Wheeler's cavalry. Weather: Commanding, steamer Resolute; A. A. E. W. Fine.-Road: Good, except the crossing of BufBarclay, First Assistant Engineer, steamer Reso-falo Creek, the bridges of the dam being delute; C. B. Thompson, First Assistant Engineer, stroyed.-Supplies: Not so plenty; poor counsteamer Resolute, J. S. Tipton, Assistant Surgeon, navy, steamer Resolute; Francis Marsh- try-Distance: Eight miles. chalk, Master's Mate, steamer Resolute; John W. McGrath, Second Assistant Engineer, ram Savannah. Total commissioned, 30; privates, 135; deserters from army, 122; seamen, 23; deserters from navy, 14; total, 294; aggregate, 324. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, WARHAM PARKS,
Major and Provost-Marshal.
November 15. Order of march: First, Second, and Third divisions. The Third division did not arrive at the place of destination until eight A.M. next day. No supplies gathered.-Weather: Fine.-Roads: Good but hilly; no important bridges on streams were crossed. Dis
tance: Sixteen miles.
November 26.-Order of march; First, Second, and Third divisions; cavalry on the flanks. The Fourteenth corps; skirmishing with enemy's troops entered Sandersville simultaneously with Second divisions, preceded by the cavalry, went cavalry. After entering town, the First and to Tennille Station to destroy the railroad. The Michigan Engineers reported for duty, and accompanied the column to said station, No. 13. Third division covered trains at Sandersville.--Weather: Clear. ― Road: Excellent. Supplies: Plenty.-Distance: Twelve miles.
November 27. Order of march: First division, preceded by the cavalry, moved south of Georgia Central Railroad, while Second division and Michigan Engineers destroyed the same to November 16.-Order of march: Second, Third, within five miles of Davisboro. The Third diviand First divisions.-Weather: Fine.-Road: sion and trains moved from Sandersville to DavisGood but hilly. The crossing of the Yellow boro.-Weather: Fine.--Road: Excellent; the River at Rock Bridge bad and easily disputed.-bridge at Davisboro over Williamson's Swamp Supplies: Scanty, except some forage and live Creek was not destroyed.-Supplies: Plenty.stock.-Distance; Eight miles. Distance: Fifteen miles.
November 17.-Order of march: Second, Third, and First divisions.-Weather: Fine.-Road
November 28.-Order of march: The cavalry, Third division, and trains moved toward Louis
ville and encamped on Ogeechee River; the First
December 1.-Order of march: Cavalry, Second division, Michigan Engineers, First and Third divisions. Weather: Warm.-Road: Swampy. -Supplies More plenty.-Distance: Thirteen miles.
December 11.-The troops moved into position in front of the enemy's works; the Third division established connection with Seventeenth November 30.--Order of march: Finding Rag- corps, which was that day relieved by the Fourford's Bridge destroyed, the First and Second teenth corps. Breastworks thrown up. Twendivisions and Michigan Engineers crossed the ty-second Wisconsin and battery I, First NewOgeechee at Coward's Bridge, after repairing it, York artillery, moved to the Savannah River. and encamped on the right of the Third divi- Eighty-second and One Hundred and First regision. Weather: Warm. - Road: Swampy.ments Illinois volunteers and Sixty-first regiment Supplies: Scarce; poor country.-Distance: Ten Ohio volunteers stationed at Cherokee Hill.miles. Weather Fine but cold. Supplies: Scanty. A quantity of rice was found and a mill set to running to prepare it for the troops.
near Springfield was very bad.-Supplies : Abun dant.-Distance: Ten miles.
December 8.-Order of march: Cavalry, Sec ond, First, Third divisions and train.-Weather: Fine.-Road: Good, until the troops struck the Eden Cross-Road, which was very swampy.Supplies: Plenty.-Distance: Ten miles.
December 9.-Order of march: Cavalry, First, Second, and Third divisions. The First division repulsed the enemy near Monteith.-Weather: Cloudy.-Road: Good pike.-Supplies: plenty.
December 5.-Order of march: Third, Second, and First divisions. Cavalry sent to communicate with Fourteenth corps. Michigan Engineers ordered to army headquarters.--Weather: Fine. -Road: Fair. - Supplies : Plenty. Distance: Six miles.
December 6.-Order of march: Cavalry, Third, Second, and First divisions.--Weather: Good; it rained during the night.--Road: Fair, swampy. Supplies: plenty.-Distance: Thirteen miles.
December 10.-Order of march: Cavalry, First, Third, and Second divisions. First division destroyed Charleston Railroad. The troops captured steamer Ida, and burnt it. -Weather: Cloudy. - Road: Good pike. Distance: Ten miles.
December 12.-Third regiment Wisconsin volDecember 2.-Order of march: Cavalry, Sec-unteers crossed to Argyle Island. Steamer Reond division, Michigan Engineers, First and Third solute captured. divisions. The cavalry drove in the rebel pickets December 13.-The remainder of the Third near Buckhead Church.-Weather: Cloudy.brigade, First division, moved to Cherokee Hill Road: Good, except the crossing Buckhead to protect the rear, and formed connection on its Creek, the bridges across the swamp being par- left with portion of Fourteenth corps. tially destroyed. Supplies: Abundant. Distance: Eleven miles.
December 14.-Two regiments of Second division pushed over on to Hutchinson's Island.
December 3.-Order of march: Cavalry, First division, Michigan Engineers, Third and Second divisions.-Weather: Cloudy; clear in the afternoon.-Road: Good.-Supplies: Plenty. Distance: Fifteen miles.
December 4.-Order of march: Cavalry, First division, Michigan Engineers, Third and Second divisions.-Weather: Fine.--Road: Swampy.Supplies: Not so plenty. Distance: Fifteen
December 7.-Order of march: Cavalry, Third,
OPERATIONS BEFORE SAVANNAH.
December 15.-Second regiment Massachusetts volunteers reënforced Third regiment Wisconsin volunteers on Argyle Island.
December 16.-Second brigade, Third division, relieved remainder of Second brigade, First division, the latter crossing over to Argyle Island.
December 19.-The regiments of the Second brigade, First division, crossed over to the SouthCarolina shore and intrenched themselves beIzzard. tween Clydesdale Creek and the house of Mr.
December 21.-Savannah having been evacuated by the enemy, the Second division took possession of the city early in the morning. The Third and First divisions arrived during the day.
Memorandum List of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores Captured from the Enemy in the Campaign from Atlanta to Savannah, ending December twenty-first, 1864:
Captured and Destroyed by the Left Wing, at Milledgeville, Georgia.—2300 rifle muskets, calibre, 69; 5000 lances, 1500 cutlasses, 30,000
rounds of small-arm ammunition, 5470 rounds of artillery ammunition, 20,000 pounds of powder.
Captured in Forts McAllister, Beautiere, Rose Dew, Bartow, Thunderbolt, Jackson, Lee, Boggs, Brown, Water Battery, opposite Fort Jackson, Lanton Battery, in the lines around the city of Savannah, and in the city of Savannah :
Artillery.-167 smooth-bore guns, 35 rifled guns, 7 mortars; total number of guns, 209.
Artillery Carriages.-76 barbette, 1 casemate, 6 siege, 41 field; total number of carriages, 124. Artillery Ammunition.-19,843 for smoothbore guns, 1903 for rifled guns, 17 for mortars; total number of rounds of artillery ammunition, 21,763.
Small Arms.-183 various kinds.
Infantry Ammunition.-8000 musket cartridges, calibre, 59; 7500 musket buck and ball cartridges, calibre, 69; 11,000 elongated ball cartridges, calibre, 57; 3000 Sharpe's rifle; 18,000 rifled iron ball, calibre, 52; 4000 buck and ball cartridges, calibre, 75. Total infantry ammunition, 51,500.
Expenditures of Ammunition during the Campaign.
Artillery Ammunition.—2099 pounds for 3inch gun, 1218 pounds for light 12-pound gun, 30 pounds for 30-pound Parrott gun, 229 pounds for 20-pound Parrott gun; total artillery ammunition, 3576.
Small Arm Ammunition.-950,915 elongated ball cartridges, calibre, 57; 141,396 Spencer rifle cartridges, 56,000 Burnside carbine cartridges, 62,000 Sharpe's carbine cartridges, 21,000 Smith's carbine cartridges, 8600 Colt's army pistol cartridges, 4800 Colt's navy pistol cartridges,
Statement of Casualties and Prisoners Captured by the Army in the Field, Campaign| of Georgia.
Report of casualties in army of the Tennessee not received. Report of missing in cavalry division not received.
L. M. DAYTON,
500 Henry rifle cartridges; total small-arm am- OPERATIONS OF THE FOURTEENTH ARMY munition, 1,245,211.
L. Clark, Captain and Assistant Quarter-lowing operations of this division during the pemaster, during the Campaign against Savan-riod between the capture of Atlanta and the capnah, Georgia:
ture of Savannah. Entering Atlanta on the eighth of September, the division consisted of the following organizations, namely: The First brigade, Colonel M. C. Taylor, Fifteenth Kentucky volunteers, commanding; the Second brigade Major I. R. Edie, Fifteenth United States infantry, commanding; the Third brigade, Colonel 95,000 15,000 175,000 M. F. Moore, Sixty-ninth Ohio volunteer infantry, commanding; and battery C, First Illinois artillery, Captain Prescott commanding. During the month of September, the following-named regiments were detached from the division or mustered out of service: The First Wisconsin, Tenth Wisconsin, and Fifteenth Kentucky. The entire Second brigade was detached about the last of September and ordered to Lookout Mountain. On the third of October, I commenced
20 40 95,000 15,000 175,000
I certify that the above is a correct report of animals captured, and forage taken up and consumed, under my direction, during the campaign against Savannah, Georgia.
FRED. L. CLARK,
the campaign against the rebel army under Hood, who had gone to our rear and was operating on our communications. The march was continued daily, via Marietta, Kenesaw Mountain, Allatoona, Kingston, Rome, Resaca, Snake Creek, Georgia; Ship's Gap, Summerville, and Chattoogaville to Galesville, Alabama, where we remained from October twenty-first to October twenty-eighth, during which the troops and animals were subsisted almost exclusively by foraging on the country.
At Galesville, the Third brigade was sent out to search for one Gatewood and his band of guerrillas. But Colonel Hambright, confining himself altogether to the main roads, failed to accomplish any useful result.
On the twenty-eighth, we set out for Rome, and arrived there on the twenty-ninth. Here the Thirteenth Michigan volunteers joined the division.
November second, we marched to Kingston, where in a few days the troops received pay and clothing. Here also the Twenty-first Michigan volunteers joined the division.
On the twelfth of November, we left Kingston for Cartersville, where we arrived that night. On the thirteenth, I resumed the march southward, and at Ackworth commenced destroying the railroad, which was continued to Big Shanty, five miles, where we camped for the night. On the fifteenth, I reached Atlanta, leaving the Thirteenth Michigan at Chattahoochee Bridge, with orders to destroy it after the passage of all our troops and trains. This order was carried out by Lieutenant-Colonel Palmer, commanding the regiment.
On the sixteenth, I marched from Atlanta, via Decatur, to Lithonia, twenty miles. On the twenty-first, I marched to Yellow River, destroying five miles of the Georgia Railroad. The march was continued through Covington to Harris's plantation, where we turned southward toward Shady Dale, and on to Milledgeville, where we arrived on the twenty-third.
On the twenty-fourth, we crossed the Oconee and marched on Sandersville, arriving there on the twenty-seventh. On the twenty-eighth, we arrived at Davisboro. Continuing the march due east, through Louisville, we struck the Augusta and Millen Railroad at Lumpkins Station, and destroyed three miles of railroad, all the buildings, platforms, wood, etc. Marching on eastward, we struck the Savannah and Augusta road near the Savannah River and turned southward.
On the eleventh of December I arrived before Savannah, and took position on the right of the Louisville road, relieving Mowers's, Leggett's, and G. A. Smith's divisions of the Fifteenth corps.
This position was maintained, with more or less skirmishing, till the twenty-first instant, when my advance entered the city of Savannah. Several days before the evacuation by Hardee, I recommended an attack in front of my division. My total loss during the campaign in killed, wounded, missing, and deaths by disease is as
follows: One commissioned officer wounded, two enlisted men killed, seven wounded, and thirty-seven missing.
It is impossible to state accurately how much cotton was destroyed by my men, but it would probably amount to ten thousand bales. None was left in the country on our line of march.
It is estimated that this division drew from the country on the march at least one hundred and twenty thousand rations, worth to the United States at least thirty-six thousand dollars, ($36,000.) One hundred and sixteen horses, and two hundred and four mules-total, three hundred and twenty head were seized by this division and used for public purposes. The estimate of rations by the Commissary of the division I am sure is under the mark. I have the honor to be, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
W. P. CARLIN, Brigadier-General Commanding. To Lieutenant-Colonel D. C. MCCLURG, A. A. G., Headquarters Fourteenth Army Corps. COLONEL HOBART'S REPORT. HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIGADE, FIRST DIVISION, FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, NEAR SAVANNAH, GA., December 31, 1864.
CAPTAIN: In compliance with circular from headquarters First division, Fourteenth army corps, dated December twenty-eighth, 1864, I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of this brigade from the fall of Atlanta, Georgia, to the capture of Savannah, Georgia.
From the fall of Atlanta until the eighth day of November, 1864, this brigade was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Hapeman, One Hundred and Fourth Illinois volunteer infantry, whom I relieved at Kingston, Georgia, by order of General Carlin. The operations of the command during this period consisted of a series of marches after the rebel army, under General Hood, through North-western Georgia to the border of Alabama. The following statements show the principal points arrived at during these marches. On the third day of October, the brigade marched with the division from Atlanta, and on the night of the fifth it bivouacked near Marietta. On the morning of the sixth, we again resumed the march, and passing Kenesaw Mountain, leaving Big Shanty and Ackworth on the right, we crossed the Allatoona Mountain, the Etowah River, and arrived at Rome, Georgia, on the thirteenth. From Rome the command marched to Galesville, Alabama, passing through Resaca, Snake Creek Gap, Ship's Gap, and Summerville. At Galesville the troops remained in camp for several days, and were subsisted almost entirely on the potatoes, chickens, cattle, sheep, etc., which were gathered from the surrounding country.
From Galesville, on the twenty-eighth, the command marched back to Rome, Georgia, where it arrived on the twenty-ninth. Here the troops received payment to include the thirty-first day of August, 1864. On the morning of the second
November, 1864, the brigade marched from Rome to Kingston, where it remained until the twelfth. At this place, by order of General Carlin, I assumed command of the brigade on the eighth of November.
On the twelfth day of November, my brigade marched from Kingston to Cartersville. The following morning I crossed the Etowah, marched through Allatoona Pass and Ackworth, destroyed two (2) miles of railroad, and camped my troops at Big Shanty. From Big Shanty I marched to Atlanta, and camped my command about one mile east of the city. On the fifteenth day of November, during the afternoon and night, I clothed my troops and made all possible preparations for the campaign which terminated in the fall of Savannah.
order of General Carlin, I moved my brigade to the right, crossed the Ogeechee Canal, and relieved General Smith's division, Seventeenth army corps. While holding this position, (with a front of more than two (2) miles,) I forwarded one (1) prisoner of war, captured by the One Hundred and Fourth Illinois, in a slight skirmish at the Lawton Farm, and twenty-seven deserters, who came through my lines on the night of the fifteenth of December.
During the night of the twentieth December the rebels evacuated the city, and early the next morning my skirmishers crossed the swamps and rice-fields in my front and took possession of their works, capturing three (3) prisoners. There were ten (10) pieces of ordnance left by the rebels in my front, including two sixty-four (64) pounders. During the day, I moved my brigade over on to the Lawton Farm, and remained until the next morning, when I marched to this camp.
Casualties have been from the Eighty-eighth Indiana volunteer infantry, one (1) man captured; Thirty-third Ohio volunteer infantry, one man wounded and one man missing; total, three.
On the morning of the sixteenth, my brigade marched in advance of the division. During the day we passed through Decatur, and taking the upper Covington road, we encamped for the night at Lithonia. On the following morning we resumed our march, and at twelve o'clock M. of the eighteenth I camped my command four (4) miles east of Covington, and forty-four miles east of Atlanta. After passing Decatur, we found forage in great abundance, a sufficient quantity of which was gathered by my foraging parties to supply my whole command. Near Yellow River the brigade destroyed two and a half miles of railroad. November nineteenth, we again resumed our march, and on the twentythird day of November I camped my troops about one mile from Milledgeville. On the morning of the twenty-fourth, my brigade marched through Milledgeville, and crossing the Oconee River, we took the Sandersville road, and reached Sandersville on the twenty-seventh.
Supplies for officers and men: Breadstuffs 41,000 pounds; potatoes, 55,000 pounds; meat, 47,000 pounds; beans and rice, 4800 pounds; sugar, 7200 pounds; molasses, (sorghum,) 30 barrels; or subsistence for one thousand five hundred (1500) men for forty (40) days.
As the conduct of the brigade during the camHere I received orders from General Davis to paign was constantly under the eye of the Genhold the town until all the trains of the Four-eral commanding the division, I close this report teenth army corps and General Kilpatrick's trains simply with the foregoing narration of facts. had passed, and then follow as an escort. About I have the honor to be, Captain, very respectseven o'clock P.M., the trains having passed, I fully, your obedient servant, ordered my pickets to rejoin their commands, and withdrew from the town.
Number of miles of railroad destroyed, 5† ; number of horses and mules captured, 110; number of cattle captured, 500; cotton and cotton-gins destroyed, none.
Forage taken from the country: Corn and oats, 50,000 pounds; long forage, 52,000 pounds; total, 102,000 pounds.
H. C. HOBART,
From Sandersville my brigade formed the Captain G. W. rear-guard until we reached Louisville, November A. A. Adjutant-General, First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps. twenty-ninth. At Sandersville, the Eightyeighth Indiana lost one man captured by a squad of rebel cavalry. On the thirtieth, my brigade, in advance of the division, marched from Louisville on the road leading to Station No. 10, and camped three miles east of Sebastopol. From this point the command marched to Lumpkins, a station on the Augusta Railroad, where we bivouacked during the night.
HEADQUARTERS FIRST BRIGADE, FIRST DIVISION,
CAPTAIN: You will please find below a report of the casualties which have occurred in this brigade since leaving Atlanta.
Thirty-third Ohio volunteer infantry, one enlisted man missing, November tenth, 1864; one enlisted man wounded, November twenty-fourth, 1864; Twenty-first Wisconsin volunteer infant
The next morning, December fourth, my brigade destroyed one and a quarter miles of railroad, after which we marched in the direction of, one enlisted man missing, November nineteenth, 1864; Eighty-eighth Indiana volunteer
Savannah River, and striking the river-road, we marched down toward Savannah. Nothing of infantry, one enlisted man captured, November importance occurred. We reached our first potwenty-seventh, 1864. sion before the city December eleventh. Here I relieved a division of the Seventeenth army corps, and threw up works along my whole front.
About four o'clock P.M., December twelfth, by
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,