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unacquainted with the nature of the ground, we became entangled in the thick undergrowth, and made slow progress until we arrived at a precipice, so matted and grown over with laurel and ivy, that we could advance no further in that diI then marched back and around the end of the bluff, and pushed forward rapidly in the direction of the heavy firing on the right; but just as we came in sight of General Taylor's brigade, he had succeeded in taking the enemy's battery, and we were left no part but to follow the retiring foe, which we did, until ordered back.
The total casualties in the four infantry regiments were:
that had followed us into the woods. After a
About sundown, I was directed by General Trimble to join him on the left, which I did, and remained with his brigade until ordered back to camp, about ten o'clock at night. The men and officers of both regiments were exposed to a terrible fire for a few moments, and behaved to my entire satisfaction.
For a report of the operations of the Twelfth Georgia and Thirty-first Virginia volunteers on the eighth, I beg leave to refer you to the report of the commanders of the respective regiments, marked A and B.
Lists of the killed and wounded will be found inclosed for each regiment.
The report from Raines's battery will be sent as soon as received.
On the ninth, I was placed in command of the Fourth brigade, General Elzey having been wounded on the preceding day. After crossing the river, I reported to Major-General Jackson, who ordered me to send one regiment and my battery (Raines's) to support General Winder. I detached the Thirty-first Virginia regiment, under command of Colonel Hoffman, for this purpose, and saw no more of the regiment or battery during the day. The accompanying report, marked C, of Colonel Hoffman, will show the operations of his regiment, which, I regret to say, was badly cut up, being placed in a very exposed position, for some time. With the entire remaining regiments, Thirteenth, Twentyfifth Virginia and Tenth Georgia, I was ordered to follow General Taylor's brigade. I attempted to do this, but having no guide, and being totally
On the eighth instant, five killed, sixty-two wounded; total, sixty-seven.
On the ninth instant, fifteen killed, eighty wounded and four missing; total, ninety-nine. Aggregate, twenty killed, one hundred and forty-two wounded and four missing; total one hundred and sixty-six.
In Raines's battery, there were two killed, and seven wounded; eighteen horses killed or disabled.
Lists of the casualties in each regiment are herewith appended. Respectfully, your obedient servant, J. A. WALKER, Colonel Thirteenth Va. Volunteers, Commanding Fourth Brigade.
G. CAMPBELL BROWN,
A. A. G., Third Division.
REPORT OF GENERAL TRIMBLE.
HEADQUARTERS SEVENTH BRIGADE,
Major J. H. Barbour, A. A. General:
In compliance with the orders of Major-General Ewell, I send a statement of the operations of my brigade on the eighth and ninth instant, in the battle of Cross-Keys.
At your request I rode forward with you, on the morning of the eighth, at about ten o'clock, to examine the ground most desirable for defence. It was decided to post my artillery (Courtnay's battery) on the hill to the south of the small stream, and immediately on the left of road from Union Church to Port Republic. You directed my brigade to take the right of our line of defence, and occupy the pine hill to the east of the road and the battery, but somewhat retired from the front, in echelon position. Previous to assigning my brigade its position in line of battle, I rode forward in front and to the right, about half a mile, and examined a wooded hill running nearly parallel to our line of battle. Finding this position advantageous, with its left in view and protected by my artillery, and its right by a ravine and densely wooded hill, I at once occupied this position with two regiments, (the Sixteenth Mississippi and Twenty-first Georgia,) about half-past ten o'clock, leaving the Twentyfirst North Carolina with the battery to protect it. Colonel Canty, of the Fifteenth Alabama, by General Ewell's order, had been left on picket at Union
Church, one mile in advance.
This regiment fell in with the remainder of the enemy's bri
Dunknownd wacisting the anamule od. I made which had re-formed in the woods to one
logs and trees along the wood to the westwa.
Meantime the Twenty-first Georgia and Six-ing marched rapidly to Port Republic and reteenth Mississippi moved across the field and turned, and his men needed rest and food.
Church, one mile in advance. This regiment was the first engaged, resisting the enemy's advance by a destructive fire from the church, the graveyard, and the woods. Their force was checked, and they did not pursue the regiment. which soon after retired, finding itself outflanked on right and left, and narrowly escaped being entirely cut off, from the failure of cavalry picket to do their duty. Colonel Courtnay's own pickets, thrown out as a precaution, though told the cavalry was on that duty, alone saved the regiment. In retreating in good order, he passed the enemy's flanking forces on the right and left, within long gunshot range, and succeeded in reaching my position with trifling loss. Colonel Canty was placed on the right of the two regiments before named.
fell in with the remainder of the enemy's brigade, which had re-formed in the woods to our left, and delivered a galling fire upon the Sixteenth Mississippi, which omitted to turn up the woods to its left, after the main body of the enemy, thus exposing its men to enfilading fire. Colonel Mercer, of the Twenty-first Georgia, came to their timely rescue, and both soon gallantly drove the enemy out of the woods, killing and wounding large numbers.
Ön marching to the right flank, with the Fifteenth Alabama, I found parts of the Thirteenth and Twenty-fifth Virginia regiments, under command of Colonel J. A. Walker, of Elzey's brigade, had been ordered to my support, by General Ewell. I ordered Colonel Walker to move on my right through the woods, and advance on the eneHalf an hour later, the enemy were seen to ad- my in line of battle perpendicularly to his vance, with General Blenker's old brigade among line, and in rear of the battery. Unluckily, as the regiments, as prisoners informed me, the Eighth the woods tended to his right, he marched diNew-York, and Bucktail Rifles from Pennsylva- rectly on, fell in with my regiment, (Fifteenth nia, driving in our picket before a heavy fire. I Alabama,) and lost time by having to move by ordered the three regiments to rest quietly in the the flank, to regain his position. In doing this, edge of an open wood, until the enemy, who he was exposed to the view of the battery, which were advancing in regular order across the field turned its fire on on him with galling effect, comand hollow, should come within fifty steps of pelling a resort to the woods. At this time the our line; the order was mainly observed, and right wing of the Fifteenth Alabama had adas the enemy appeared above the crest of the vanced, unperceived, under my direction, to withhill, a deadly fire was delivered along our whole in three hundred yards of the battery, there playfront, beginning on the right dropping the delud-ing rapidly over their heads, on the Thirteenth ed victims of Northern fanaticism and misrule by scores. The repulse of the enemy was complete, followed by an advance, ordered by me, in pursuit. As the enemy's rear regiments had halted in the wood on the other side of the valley, I deemed it prudent, after the field in our front had been cleared, to resume our position on the hill and await their further advance. Remaining in our position some fifteen minutes, and finding the enemy not disposed to renew the contest, and observing from its fire, a battery on the enemy's left, half a mile in advance of us, I promptly decided to make a move from our right flank, and try to capture the battery, as I reported at the time to General Ewell, who at this stage of the action sent to know our success, and to ask if I wanted reënforcements; to which I replied: "I had driven back the enemy, wanted no aid, but thought I could take their battery, and was moving for that purpose."
and Twenty-fifth Virginia. Perceiving the Sixteenth Mississippi and Twenty-first Georgia had advanced, I gave orders to charge the battery. Upon reaching the top of the hill, I found it had limbered up, and rapidly retired; having lost several horses by our fire. Five minutes' gain in time, would have captured the guns. This was lost by the Mississippi regiment in misconstruing my orders.
Another brigade of the enemy supported the battery two hundred yards to its left. Our right advanced into the open ground, and at the time the Alabama and the Thirteenth and Twentyfifth Virginia reached their positions, this force was driven back by their united action, and retired with their battery. After some minutes' brisk fire by the enemy's sharp-shooters, their entire left wing retreated to their first position, near Union Church, on the Kisseltown road. time, General Taylor with his brigade joined I accordingly, in person, moved the Fifteenth me. He had previously been ordered to my Alabama to the right along a ravine, and, unper-support, and I had directed him to march up ceived, got upon the enemy's left flank and in in the open ground, between the woods, but his rear. Marching up in fine order, as on drill, he passed too far to the right, and lost time by I had, on leaving this regiment, ordered the other falling in behind the Thirteenth and Twentytwo to advance rapidly in front as soon as they fifth Virginia regiments. I called General Tayheard I was hotly engaged with the enemy. lor to an interview, on an eminence in view of the These regiments, before the order was executed, enemy, then a mile distant, where a battery with stood calmly under a heavy fire of the enemy's an infantry force, of what strength we could not artillery directed at the woods. The Fifteenth discover, was in sight. I proposed to move forAlabama, completely surprised the forces in their ward and renew the fight. General Taylor's front, (the enemy's left flank, and drove them, reply was, that "we could soon wipe out that by a heavy fire, hotly returned, from behind force, if it would do any good," but proposed to logs and trees along the wood to the westward. return his brigade to camp, as he had that mornMeantime the Twenty-first Georgia and Six-ing marched rapidly to Port Republic and reteenth Mississippi moved across the field and turned, and his men needed rest and food. I re