« PreviousContinue »
when, on the morning of the sixteenth, it was discovered that he had availed himself of the darkness of night, and the prevalence of a violent storm of wind and rain, to recross the river. The town was immediately reöccupied, and our positions on the river bank resumed.
In the engagement, more than nine hundred prisoners and nine thousand stand of arms were taken. A large quantity of ammunition was found in Fredericksburgh. The extent of our casualties will appear from the accompanying report of the Medical Director.
gent, and determined manner in which they executed their several parts.
To the officers of the general staff, BrigadierGeneral R. H. Chilton, Adjutant and InspectorGeneral, assisted by Major Peyton; LieutenantColonel Corley, Chief Quartermaster; Lieutenant-Colonel Cole, Chief Commissary; Surgeon Guild, Medical Director, and Lieutenant-Colonel B. G. Baldwin, Chief of Ordnance, were committed the care of their respective departments, and the charge of supplying the demands upon each. They were always in the field, anticipating, as far as possible, the wants of the troops.
We have again to deplore the loss of valuable lives. In Brigadier-Generals Gregg and Cobb My personal staff were unremittingly engaged the Confederacy has lost two of its noblest citi-in conveying and bringing information from all zens, and the army two of its bravest and most parts of the field. Colonel Long was particulardistinguished officers. The country consents to ly useful before and during the battle, in posting the sacrifice of such men as these, and the gal-and securing the artillery, in which he was unlant soldiers who fell with them, only to secure tiringly aided by Captain S. R. Johnson, of the the inestimable blessing they died to obtain. Provisional Engineers; Majors Talcott and VenThe troops displayed, at Fredericksburgh, in a able, in examining the ground and the approaches high degree, the spirit and courage that distin- of the enemy; Majors Taylor and Marshall, in guished them throughout the campaign; while communicating orders and intelligence. the calmness and steadiness with which orders I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your were obeyed, and manoeuvres executed, in the obedient servant, R. E. LEE, midst of battle, evinced the discipline of a veteran army. The artillery rendered efficient service on every part of the field, and greatly assisted in the defeat of the enemy. The batteries were OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA. exposed to an unusually heavy fire of artillery HEADQUARTERS ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA, and infantry, which officers and men sustained June 24, 1862. with a coolness and courage worthy of the highest praise. Those on our right, being without defensive works, suffered more severely.
APPENDIX TO GENERAL LEE'S REPORT
GENERAL ORDERS No. 75.
I. General Jackson's command will proceed to-morrow from Ashland toward the Slash Church, Among those who fell was Lieutenant-Colonel and encamp at some convenient point west of Coleman, First regiment Virginia artillery, who the Central Railroad. Branch's brigade, of A. P. was mortally wounded while bravely discharging Hill's division, will also, to-morrow evening, take his duty. position on the Chickahominy, near Half Sink. To the vigilance, boldness, and energy of Gen-At three o'clock Thursday morning, twenty-sixth eral Stuart and his cavalry is chiefly due the instant, General Jackson will advance on the road early and valuable information of the movements | leading to Pale Green Church, communicating his of the enemy. His reconnoissances frequently march to General Branch, who will immediately extended within the Federal lines, resulting in cross the Chickahominy, and take the road leadskirmishes and engagements in which the cav-ing to Mechanicsville. As soon as the movealry was greatly distinguished. In the battle of Fredericksburgh, the cavalry effectually guarded our right, annoying the enemy and embarrassing his movements, by hanging on his frank and attacking, when opportunity occurred. The nature of the ground and the relative positions of the armies prevented them from doing more.
To Generals Longstreet and Jackson great praise is due for the disposition and management of their respective corps. Their quick perception enabled them to discover the projected assaults upon their positions, and their ready skill to devise the best means to resist them. Besides their services in the field, which every battle of the campaign, from Richmond to Fredericksburgh, has served to illustrate, I am also indebted to them for valuable counsel, both as regards the general operations of the army, and the execution of the particular measures adopted. To division and brigade commanders I must also express my thanks for the prompt, intelli
ments of these columns are discovered, General A. P. Hill, with the rest of his division, will cross the Chickahominy near Meadow Bridge, and move direct upon Mechanicsville. To aid his advance, the heavy batteries on the Chickahominy will, at the proper time, open upon the batteries at Mechanicsville. The enemy being driven from Mechanicsville, and the passage across the bridge opened, General Longstreet, with his division and that of General D. H. Hill, will cross the Chickahominy at or near that point-General D. H. Hill moving to the support of General Jackson, and General Longstreet supporting General A. P. Hill-the four divisions keeping in communication with each other, and moving in echelon on separate roads, if practicable; the left division in advance, with skirmishers and sharp-shooters extending in their front, will sweep down the Chickahominy and endeavor to drive the enemy from his position above New-Bridge; General Jackson, bearing well to his left, turning
Beaver Dam Creek, and taking the direction to- of Culpeper Court-House. ward Cold Harbor. They will then press for- command, constituting the left wing, will cross ward toward York River Railroad, closing upon at Summerville Ford, and move in the same dithe enemy's rear and forcing him down the Chick-rection, keeping on the left of General Longstreet. ahominy. Any advance of the enemy toward General Anderson's division will cross at SumRichmond will be prevented by vigorously fol- merville Ford, follow the route of General JackThe battalion of light lowing his rear, and crippling and arresting his son, and act in reserve. artillery, under Colonel S. D. Lee, will take the progress. same route. The cavalry, under General Stuart, will cross at Morton's Ford, pursue the route by Stevensburgh to Rappahannock Station, destroy the railroad-bridge, cut the enemy's communica tions, telegraph line, and, operating toward Culpeper Court-House, will take position on General Longstreet's right.
II. The divisions under Generals Huger and Magruder will hold their positions in front of the enemy against attack, and make such demonstrations, Thursday, as to discover his operations. Should opportunity offer, the feint will be converted into a real attack; and should an abandonment of his intrenchments by the enemy be discovered, he will be closely pursued.
II. The commanders of each wing will desig Medical III. The Third Virginia cavalry will observe nate the reserve for their commands. the Charles City road. The Fifth Virginia, the and ammunition wagons will alone follow the First North-Carolina, and the Hampton Legion troops across the Rapidan. The baggage and cavalry will observe the Darbytown, Varina, and supply trains will be parked under their respectOsborne roads. Should a movement of the en-ive officers, in secure positions on the south side, emy, down the Chickahominy, be discovered, so as not to embarrass the different roads. they will close upon his flank, and endeavor to arrest his march.
III. Cooked rations for three days will be carried in the haversacks of the men, and provision must be made for foraging the animals. Straggling from the ranks is strictly prohibited, and commanders will make arrangements to secure and punish the offenders.
IV. The movements herein directed will commence to-morrow, twentieth instant, at dawn of day. By command of General R. E. Lee. A. P. MASON,
A. A. G
IV. General Stuart, with the First, Fourth, and Ninth Virginia cavalry, the cavalry of Cobb's Legion and the Jeff Davis Legion, will cross the Chickahominy, to-morrow, and take position to the left of General Jackson's line of march. The main body will be held in reserve, with scouts well extended to the front and left. General Stuart will keep General Jackson informed of the movements of the enemy on his left, and will cooperate with him in his advance. The Sixteenth Virginia cavalry, Colonel Davis, will remain on the Nine Mile road.
V. General Ransom's brigade, of General Holmes's command, will be placed in reserve on the Williamsburgh road, by General Huger, to whom he will report for orders.
VI. Commanders of divisions will cause their commands to be provided with three days' cooked rations. The necessary ambulances and ordnance-trains will be ready to accompany the divisions, and receive orders from their respective commanders. Officers in charge of all trains will invariably remain with them. Batteries and wag ons will keep on the right of the road. The ChiefEngineer, Major Stevens, will assign engineer officers to each division, whose duty it will be to make provision for overcoming all difficulties to the progress of the troops. The staff-departments will give the necessary instructions to fa
cilitate the movements herein directed. By command of General Lee,
T. M. R. TALCOTT,
Major and Aid-de-Camp.
R. H. CHILTON,
A. A. General.
. HEADQUARTERS ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA, August 19, 1863. SPECIAL ORDER No. 185.
I. General Longstreet's command, constituting the right wing of the army, will cross the Rapidan at Raccoon Ford, and move in the direction VOL. IX.-Doc. 19
HEADQUARTERS CRENSHAW'S FARM, }
day, refresh your horses, prepare rations, and
HEADQUARTERS, 19th August, 1862-4.45 P.M.
General J. E. B. Stuart, Commanding Cavalry: GENERAL: I have just returned from Clarke's Mountain. The enemy, as far as I can discover, is retreating on the road to Fredericksburgh. His route is certainly north of Stevensburgh, and is thought to be through Brandy Station, over the Rappahannock, by Kelley's Ford. You will, therefore, have to bear well to your right after crossing the Rapidan, unless you can get other information. I propose to start the troops at the rising of the moon to-morrow morning, which will give the men and horses a little rest; and I believe we shall make more than by start
ing at night. It is so late now that they could not get off before. The order for to-morrow you will consider modified as above. If you can get information of the route of the enemy, you will endeavor to cut him off; otherwise, make for Kelley's Ford, over the Rappahannock. Send back all information you can gather. I shall cross at Summerville Ford, and follow in the route of the troops toward Brandy Station. If you can get off earlier than the time I have appointed, to advantage, do so. Very respectfully, etc.,
List of Casualties at Cedar Run Mountain, August ninth, 1862.
R. E. LEE,
List of Casualties in various minor Engagements at or near Manassas, and elsewhere, 1862.
WOUNDED. TOTAL. NAME AND DATE OF ENGAGEMENT.
34th North-Carolina,.. 55th Virginia,..
2d Virginia Battalion, Batteries,.
33d North-Carolina, 7th North-Carolina,. 28th North-Carolina,. 87th North-Carolina,. 18th North-Carolina,. 1st South-Carolina,.. 13th South-Carolina,. 14th South-Carolina,.. 5th Louisiana,. 6th Louisiana,. 7th Louisiana,. 19th Georgia,.. 14th Georgia,. 35th Georgia,. 45th Georgia,. 49th Georgia,.
5th Alabama Battalion,..