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that the principal operations and diversions required of the cavalry have been, throughout the march, successfully accomplished. Certainly it is a fact, that not once has the enemy's cavalry been able to reach the train or flank of one of our many infantry columns. We have three times crossed, from left to right and right to left, in front of our army, and have marched upward of five hundred and forty miles since the fourteenth of November. Have destroyed fourteen thousand and seven bales of cotton, two hundred and seventy-one cotton-gins, and much other valuable property. Have captured two (2) threeinch rifled guns, and have them now in use. Captured and destroyed eight hundred and sixtyfive stands of small arms; have taken upward of five hundred prisoners, and killed, wounded, and disabled not less than one thousand five hundred of the enemy.
We have lost four officers killed, six wounded, and two missing; thirty-four men killed, one hundred and fifty-three wounded, and one hundred and sixty-six missing. Before closing my remarks, I desire to make favorable mention of my brigade commanders, Colonels Murray and Atkins. Both have, at all times, faithfully performed the responsible duties that have devolved upon them. Always on duty, attentive to orders, energetic, skilful, and brave. Both are educated gentlemen and accomplished cavalry soldiers; both merit promotion. LieutenantColonel Sanderson and his regiment, Tenth Ohio cavalry, at East-Macon; Colonel Acker and his regiment, Ninth Michigan; and Colonel Jones, Eighth Indiana, when cut off and surrounded near Waynesboro; Colonel Heath and his regiment, at Buckhead Creek.
The Ninety-second Illinois mounted infantry, Lieutenant-Colonel Van Buskirk; the Ninth Pennsylvania, Colonel Jordon; the Third Kentucky, Lieutenant-Colonel King; the Tenth Ohio, Fifth Ohio, and Ninth Michigan cavalry, at Waynesboro, December fourth, have all, at the various places mentioned, behaved most handsomely and attracted my special attention. The Second Kentucky cavalry, Captain Foreman, although but a detachment, at Buckhead Creek and at Waynesboro did the duty of a regiment, and deserves great praise.
Captain Beebe, commanding the artillery, and his lieutenants, Stetson, Fowler, and Clark, have performed their duty well, and to the satisfaction of their immediate commanders. I cannot speak too highly of my staff. Through the exertions of Captain Dunbar, Assistant Quartermaster, and Brookfield, Commissary of Subsistence, my command has always been well supplied. Dr. Wise, Surgeon-in-Chief Division, Captains Brink (Inspector-General,) Day, (Provost-Marshal,) and my Aids, Captain Hayes, and Lieutenants Hollingworth, Oliver, Fuller, and Griffin, have each, in his respective place, more than fulfilled my expectations. Captain Estes, my Assistant AdjutantGeneral, deserves special notice, not only for the faithful discharge of his eminent duties, but for his reckless daring and invaluable assistance in
every skirmish and engagement. This officer deserves, and I earnestly hope that he may be promoted. Accompanying this report will be found a nominal list of killed, wounded, and missing, also Provost-Marshal's statement of captures and property destroyed. I also inclose the reports of my brigade and regimental commanders, which I respectfully request may be taken as a part of this my official report. Respectfully submitted. J. KILPATRICK, Brigadier-General.
REPORT OF GENERAL J. C. DAVIS.
HEADQUARTERS FOURTEENTH ARMY CORPS, SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, December 31, 1864. COLONEL I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the Fourteenth army corps since the eighth of September, when it went into camp at Whitehall, near Atlanta, Georgia.
This report will describe the movements of the corps, during our operations against Hood's forces, in his efforts to draw the army from Atlanta by destroying our communications with Chattanooga and Nashville; and will also contain a complete record of the march from Kingston, Georgia, to this place. The number of miles marched, and amount of railroad destroyed; the number of animals captured, and amount of subsistence obtained from the country, and such other statistical matter as the General Commanding desires, will be given as near as possible.
The corps remained in its camp at Whitehall, Georgia, resting from the effects of the long and arduous campaign which ended in the taking of Atlanta, until the twenty-ninth of September, on which day, at an early hour, General Morgan's division (Second) left by railroad for Chattanooga and Huntsville, to operate against Forrest's forces, then threatening our communications in the vicinity of Decatur and Athens, Alabama.
The other two divisions remained in camp, holding themselves in readiness to move against Hood, as soon as the object of the movement he was then making on our right flank could be determined.
On the third of October, in obedience to instructions from the headquarters of the military division of the Mississippi, following the Fourth corps, my command reached the Chattahoochee River, at the railroad crossing, at nightfall; but, owing to the rain and high water, the bridges became very insecure, and the crossing was not accomplished until the next morning.
The troops only marched as far as Nickajack, and went into camp to await the arrival of the wagons, detained at the river by the crossing of General Howard's troops.
On the fifth, the corps marched to connect with the Fourth corps, near Kenesaw Mountain; but owing to its being on the flank, and having to take indirect roads, and other troops and trains crossing its line of march, our progress was much impeded, and it did not connect, as desired, until the morning of the sixth, notwithstanding the troops marched until late at night, when it took
position on the left of the Fourth corps, at Jack's House, near Pine Mountain.
The following two days, the rain fell in heavy showers, causing the roads to become almost impassable.
The troops remained in camp, awaiting orders. Many officers and men availed themselves of the opportunity here presented to visit the different battle-grounds and cherished graves of their fallen comrades.
The news of the gallant defence of Allatoona Pass by General Corse and his command, was received and announced to the troops amid great enthusiasm.
During the afternoon of the eighth, the corps moved its camp, in compliance with orders from Major-General Stanley, commanding the Fourth and Fourteenth corps, and went into camp at Man's Hill Church, where, awaiting orders, it remained until three o'clock P.M., the tenth; when the march was resumed, and continued on the main road leading through the Allatoona Pass to the Etowah River. This point was reached by the advance of the column, after a fatiguing night's march, at one o'clock in the morning.
October eleventh, the march was resumed at seven o'clock A.M., and the troops went into camp one mile beyond Kingston at sunset.
On the morning of the twelfth, the whole army marched for Rome. The Fourteenth corps, followed by the Fourth corps, moved by the way of Woodland, and went into camp at Hume's Mill, three miles from Rome. On the following evening, the whole army commenced its movement upon Resaca, taking the main road leading to that place, through Calhoun. Following the Fourth corps, the Fourteenth corps went into camp on the south bank of the Oostenaula, at Resaca.
At dawn on the morning of the fifteenth, the corps moved, in cooperation with the Fourth corps, in turning the enemy's position at Snake Creek Gap. On reaching Redwine's Cove, it was ascertained that no trains could possibly be taken over the mountain in this direction, and they were ordered to remain behind.
The ascent was commenced late in the evening, and the summit reached several hours after dark, when the troops bivouacked the remainder of the night on the mountain.
On the sixteenth, moved at daylight and passed down the mountain into the Gap a short distance in advance of the Fourteenth corps, and after passing into the level country beyond, by cutting a road to the side of the main one, was enabled to march the infantry abreast of the Fifteenth corps until the head of the column reached Dick's Gap, and went into camp.
During the seventeenth, the corps remained in camp, but marched early on the morning of the eighteenth through Mattok's Gap, in Taylor's Ridge, in the direction of Summerville, and went into camp four (4) miles north of Penn's Ford, on the Chattooga River.
On the nineteenth, marched for Summerville, and after much delay in consequence of coming
in contact with other troops, did not get into camp at that place until late in the evening, though the day's march was but a short one.
Starting at eight o'clock, on the morning of the twentieth, and passing through Mellville, the corps went into camp at Gaylesville a little after dark, making a march of twenty (20) miles.
During the intervening days between the twentieth and twenty-eighth, the corps remained in its camp at Gaylesville. At this place, ample subsistence for the troops was found in the surrounding country, and the whole command was abundantly supplied by sending foraging parties out daily to collect it.
On the twenty-fourth, General Morgan's division rejoined the corps, from its expedition against Forrest. For a history of the movements of this division during this period, I wish respectfully to refer the General Commanding to General Morgan's report.
On the evening of the twenty-eighth, preparatory to our march to Rome, Morgan's and Carlin's divisions, with the trains, crossed the Chattooga River, on a bridge erected by Colonel Gleason, commanding brigade Third division, near the town, and on the following morning, the twentyninth, the whole corps marched for that place during the evening and the following morning, and went into camp on the north bank of the Oostenaula River.
October thirtieth and thirty-first, the troops remained in camp on De Soto Hill, awaiting orders, without change of position, except the movement of my trains to Kingston under escort of a part of General Morgan's division.
On the first of November, the whole of General Morgan's division marched and went into camp at Kingston, and was joined by the remainder of the corps on the of November, where it remained prosecuting its preparations for the grand campaign through Georgia, just closed in the capture of Savannah.
While at Kingston, all surplus baggage of every description was sent to the rear, and absent officers and men were ordered to rejoin their commands. I regret to report that many failed to comply with this order,
November eighth, General Morgan's division marched to Cartersville, and relieved a portion of the Fifteenth corps at that place.
Cartersville had been designated as the point to which a part of the supplies of the Fourteenth corps should be landed, and all trains with the command were ordered there, and loaded by the twelfth, on the evening of which the whole corps evacuating Kingston had concentrated.
The work of destroying the railroad from the Etowah River to Big Shanty was assigned to the Fourteenth corps, and early on the morning of the thirteenth it was commenced. The march, and complete destruction of the track, was accomplished by eleven (11) o'clock at night.
The whole corps moved early the next morning from its camp in the vicinity of Ackworth and Big Shanty, and camped at the Chattahoochee River.
On the morning of the fifteenth, the corps reached Atlanta, and bivouacked in the suburbs of the city. The remainder of the day and night was spent in issuing clothing to the men, filling up empty wagons with provisions, equalizing and assigning trains to the different commands, with a view to rapid marching.
On the morning of the sixteenth, the head of the column marched on the road leading to Covington, through Decatur, and made an average march of fifteen (15) miles. On the seventeenth, moving in the same order of march, and destroying the railroad from Lithonia to Yellow River, the corps went into camp on the west bank of the river and vicinity, late in the evening.
During the night, Colonel Buell, commanding pontoon-train, laid two excellent bridges across the river, and early on the morning of the eighteenth the advance was resumed. Passing through Covington, the whole command went into camp during the afternoon, on the Uleofanhatchie River.
On the twenty-second, the weather partially cleared off, and the corps marched and went into camp in the vicinity of Cedar Creek. On the twenty-third, the weather cleared off, and the roads having dried up so as to be quite passable for trains, the whole command marched, and went into camp in the vicinity of Milledgeville by the afternoon.
These two divisions, under command of Brigadier-General Baird, marching on a road between the Ogeechee River and Rocky Comfort Creek, reached Louisville early in the afternoon of the twenty-eighth, and immediately laid a pontoonbridge across the creek, and commenced the pas sage of troops.
Owing to the movements of the Twentieth corps and trains, occupying the main road from Davisboro to Louisville, Carlin's division and my corps trains moving on that road were only able to reach the Ogeechee about three o'clock P.M. Colonel Buell's pontooniers immediately com
The bridges were repaired across the stream, and the march resumed at daylight on the morn-menced laying their bridges, and repairing the ing of the nineteenth, in the direction of Eaton- roads destroyed by the enemy, under the perton, by the way of Shady Dale, in the vicinity of sonal supervision of the General commanding which place the whole command encamped for the wing, and before night the troops and trains the night. were passing both streams into their camps around Louisville. The road, running, as it does here, through an immense cypress swamp, required considerable labor to put and keep it in condition for the passage of trains, and it was not until noon the next day that the entire column succeeded in getting into its camps.
On the twentieth, the corps marched for and went into camp near Eatonton Factories. The advance of the Twentieth corps from Madisonville, on the main Milledgeville road, required a deflection to the right in the movement of my column, in order that the two corps should move on separate roads; and in compliance with orders Early on the morning of the twenty-ninth, I from the General-in-Chief, whose headquarters received from a staff-officer a report from General moved with my column on this part of our cam- Kilpatrick, commanding the cavalry, that he had paign. I ordered the head of the column in the succeeded in cutting the road at Waynesboro, direction of Milledgeville, by the way of Farrar's and burned the railroad bridge across Briar Mill, on Murder Creek. Owing to the heavy Creek, and that on his return he had been for rain which had fallen during the night, and was several days hard pressed by Wheeler. He also still pouring down upon us, the progress of our reported his command about ten (10) miles from trains was exceedingly slow, and the night of the Louisville, on the road leading direct to Bucktwenty-first was spent in mud and water, cross-head Bridge. At his request, I immediately sent ing Murder Creek. a brigade of infantry from Baird's division, commanded by Colonel Morton C. Hunter, to his support. He, however, experienced less difficulty than was apprehended; and joining my command during the day, went into camp on the east side of Bay Creek, supported by Colonel Hunter's brigade, until the general advance was resumed, December first.
The Twentieth corps had already reached the city, the evening previous, from the direction of Madisonville.
On the twenty-fourth, Carlin's and Morgan's divisions, with their trains, crossed the river, and went into camp a few miles beyond the bridge, preparatory to the advance upon Sandersville. This place was reached on the twenty-sixth after two days' good marching, the head of the column reaching the town about the same time as did the Twentieth corps.
A part of Wheeler's cavalry was handsomely
driven from the town, by the advance skirmishers of the two corps.
November twenty-seventh, the corps trains, under escort of Carlin's division, moved by the way of Davisboro upon Louisville; while Baird's and Morgan's divisions, unembarrassed with trains, moved on the Finn's Bridge road; thus protecting our left flank from any demonstrations the enemy's cavalry might make from that direction upon our trains.
November thirtieth, my troops occupied the same position, skirmishing with the enemy's cavalry, who made several pertinacious attempts to drive in our pickets; except General Carlin's division, which, in compliance with orders from wing headquarters, marched to Sebastopol, with a view to uncovering the crossing of the Ogeechee by other troops advancing in that direction.
December first, in the general advance of the army upon Millen, my general instructions required my column to cross Buckhead Creek, at some point between Waynesboro and Birdsville, for which place the Twentieth corps was moving.
Buckhead Bridge, near the church of that name, was designated as my objective point, and Baird, with Kilpatrick's cavalry, was ordered to move in the direction of Waynesboro, and after crossing Buckhead Creek, to move down the east bank, and take position near Reynolds, not far from the church.
This, Kilpatrick and Baird accomplished by the afternoon of the second. Morgan's division, in charge of the whole corps train, moved on the direct road to Buckhead Bridge, and encamped ten (10) miles from Louisville.
On the second, Carlin's division joined the column from his flank movement in the direction of Sebastopol, and the corps went into camp at the crossing of the Birdsville and Waynesboro roads, about two (2) miles from the bridge.
The change in the direction of march of the Twentieth corps, again caused a deflection in my line of march; and on the morning of the third I caused pontoon-bridges to be laid across the creek, at a point about five (5) miles higher up the stream, and commenced crossing my troops and trains at half-past ten o'clock.
Jacksonboro had by this time been designated, by the General Commanding, as the next objective point for the concentration of my corps; and I ordered Baird and Kilpatrick to move from Reynolds, in the direction of Waynesboro, with a view to leading the enemy to believe that our next advance would be upon Augusta.
Carlin and Morgan, after a hard day's work upon the roads, went into camp at Lumpkins Station.
Baird and Kilpatrick took position near Thomas Station, where the enemy was found in considerable force.
December fourth, Carlin's and Morgan's divisions, with the corps trains, after destroying three (3) miles of railroad, moved in the direction of Jacksonboro, through Habersham, and encamped on the farm of Mrs. Smith, thirteen (13) miles from Lumpkins Station.
Baird and Kilpatrick, after some fighting with Wheeler's cavalry, drove the enemy from Waynesboro, and across Briar Creek. Baird, in the mean time, destroyed three (3) miles of railroad, near Thomas Station.
The fifth, after a hard day's march over country roads, which required much repairing, the whole corps, with Kilpatrick's cavalry, encamped in the vicinity of Jacksonboro; the advance at Buck Creek Post-Office.
During the night, the bridge across Beaver Dam Creek, at Jacksonboro, which had been destroyed, was rebuilt by Colonel Buell; and early on the morning of the sixth, the whole column marched on the river road, and went into camp at and in advance of Hudson's Ferry, making an average march of about twenty (20) miles.
December seventh, the column moved in the same order of march. Baird and Kilpatrick, unencumbered by the trains, covered the rear.
Morgan's division and the pontoon train reached Ebenezer Creek late in the evening, and went immediately to work, cutting away the fallen
During the eighth, the enemy's cavalry made several attempts to drive in our rear pickets, but did not succeed. The loss on our side during these attacks was but slight, although at times the skirmishing was quite animated.
On the morning of the ninth, marched from camp, at Ebenezer Church, to Cuyler's plantation, where General Morgan, who was in the advance, found the enemy occupying a stronglyerected field-work, disposed to dispute his advance. General Morgan immediately placed a couple of field-pieces in position, and opened fire upon the work. His infantry was soon deployed for an attack, but the near approach of night, and the impossibility of assaulting the position, through the impassable swamp in our front, caused me to defer the attack until morning; when it was discovered the enemy had abandoned his position.
December tenth, advanced Morgan's and Carlin's divisions, with trains, to the Ten (10) Mile House, and went into camp; giving the road to the Twentieth corps, advancing from Monteith, and intersecting the Augusta road.
Baird's division was ordered to cover the rear, and tear up the railroad track in the vicinity of the crossing at the Savannah, and if possible to destroy the bridge at that point.
December eleventh, moved down the Augusta road to the position of the Twentieth corps, in front of the enemy's works, and received orders to relieve the Seventeenth corps in its position on the Louisville road, and in the vicinity of the Ogeechee Canal.
This was done, and by the twelfth, the whole corps had taken position in front of the enemy; my left connecting with the Twentieth corps, near the Savannah and Charleston Railroad, and my right connecting with the Seventeenth corps, beyond the canal, near Lawton's plantation.
During the intervening days, between the twelfth and twenty-first, at which time the enemy evacuated his position, my troops were assiduously engaged in skirmishing with the enemy, reconnoitring his position, and making general preparations for the attack.
Five (5) points in my front had, several days before the evacuation, been well reconnoitred, and pronounced accessible to an attacking party. This information was duly forwarded to the General Commanding. For further information concerning the position of my troops, and the
I would respectfully submit the following statistics, which have been collected from the reports of the different departments, and are as near correct as can be compiled from such data. Forty-eight (48) miles of railroad track, and four (4) large and important bridges, upon the Chattanooga and Atlanta, Atlanta and Augusta, Savannah and Augusta, and Georgia Central Railroads, were thoroughly destroyed.
A large amount of cotton, estimated by division commanders at about twelve thousand (12,000) bales, was also destroyed.
One thousand seven hundred and seventy (1770) draught and saddle animals; and according to the report of the Corps Commissary, about one thousand five hundred (1500) cattle, and several hundred sheep were captured.
About one thousand three hundred and forty (1340) negroes, mostly able-bodied males, followed the column. One hundren and fifteen (115) confederate prisoners, and thirty-four (34) deserters from the enemy were taken. The Corps Quartermaster estimates that about one million seven hundred and thirty pounds of fodder, and about one million four hundred and seventyfour thousand eight hundred and thirty-four pounds of grain were obtained from the country.
What amounts of provisions for the men were obtained by the foraging parties, constantly out from the different brigades of the command, it is impossible to state with accuracy. Probably the nearest approximation which can be given, will be to state, that the corps left Atlanta on the sixteenth day of November, with but seven and one half (7) days' supplies of the substantial ration. It arrived before Savannah, December eleventh, with about five (5) days in the wagons; only three and one half (34) days having been issued and lost during the march.
Of the smaller articles, such as coffee, sugar, and salt, a much larger quantity was issued. For the rest, the corps subsisted entirely upon the country through which it passed.
Sweet potatoes, which were found by the hundreds of bushels, were the principal and most unfailing article of diet for officers and men; but flour, meal, sorghum, poultry, etc., were found in great abundance.
The list of casualties, during the time above reported, is as follows:
Thirteen (13) killed; thirty (30) wounded; and ninety-four (94) missing. See tabular list appended.
Considering the active operations of the corps since the beginning of the campaign against Atlanta from Chattanooga the first of May last, I am proud to report its excellent condition and efficiency.
To the division commanders, I desire to ex press the many obligations I am under, for their coöperation throughout the campaigns above described, and to express the hope, that the War Department will soon make suitable acknowledgments of their faithful services.
Their reports are herewith submitted, and attention asked to them, for many details omitted necessarily in this.
Since the entrance of our troops into Savannah, the corps has occupied its present camp, south-west of the city, making preparations for a resumption of active operations whenever called upon.
I am, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, JEFF. C. DAVIS,
Brevet Major-General Commanding.
Lieutenant-Colonel H. C. ROGERS,
Chief of Staff, Left Wing.
List of Casualties in the Fourteenth Army Corps during the Campaign against