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reported to my own brigade, Colonel E. A. Carman, commanding.

In closing this report, I desire to express my thanks to the officers and men of the different regiments of the command, as well as of the different departments of the post, for their earnest and efficient coöperation in the performance of the new, various, and arduous duties of the post of Atlanta.

I am, Colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM COGSWELL,

Colonel Second Massachusetts Infantry.



GEORGIA, December 25, 1864.

Lieutenant-Colonel H. W. Perkins, Assistant
Adjutant-General, Twentieth Army Corps:
COLONEL: In obedience to instructions con-
tained in your letter of to-day, I have the honor
to submit the following report of my operations
while in command of the post of Milledgeville,

the troops. A large quantity of cotton-say one thousand eight hundred bales-was disposed of by General Sherman; manner not made known to me. One large three-story building in the square, near the State House, was burned, together with a large number of miscellaneous articles, as parts of harness and saddles, a repairshop, with all the necessary tools for repairing all kinds of war materials, etc.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM HAWLEY, Colonel Commanding Third Regiment Wisconsin Veteran Volunteer Infantry.

[See Tables on pages 148 and 149.]




November 15.-Moved at nine o'clock A.M. Attacked and drove the enemy from Jonesboro, capturing three caissons filled with ammunition. This was accomplished by the Eighth Indiana and Fifth Kentucky cavalry.

NEAR SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, December 25, 1864. CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that the First brigade, Third cavalry division, military division of the Mississippi, composed of the Ninth Pennsylvania, Fifth Kentucky, Eighth Indiana, Third and Second Kentucky cavalry, left Marietta On the twenty-second day of November, 1864, at eight o'clock A.M., November fourteenth, to folwhile the Twentieth army corps was approach-low our indomitable leaders through the Confeding the city, I was directed by the Major-General eracy to the ocean. Camped four miles southcommanding left wing of the army, to occupy the west of Atlanta. city as commandant of the post, with my own regiment and the One Hundred and Seventh NewYork volunteers. My instructions were, to guard all public property, to maintain good order, and to perform all the duties of post commander. I immediately proceeded to establish patrols in the streets, and detailed suitable guards for the public buildings, including the State House, two arsenals, one dépôt, one magazine for powder and ammunition, and other buildings containing cotton, salt, and other contraband property. I also appointed a competent officer to take as correct an inventory of the property, contained in these and other buildings, as possible. The limited time in which I had command of the city, precluded the possibility of my getting a perfectly full and correct inventory of all the property found and destroyed, as this, in my opinion, would have required at least a week to obtain. The following is a list of the most important and valuable articles found, with the disposition made of the same:

16th. Marched at half-past eight o'clock A.M. Struck the enemy two miles from Lovejoy's Station, in force, behind intrenchments, with artillery. The Eighth Indiana and Third Kentucky, dismounted, moved upon the works, which were taken possession of by the Eighth Indiana. The Third Kentucky, mounting, made a most brilliant and successful sabre-charge, resulting in a total demoralization of the enemy and the capture of two pieces of artillery. The engagement also furnished us with forty-two prisoners. The Second Kentucky, Captain Foreman, coming up after the charge, pushed on, but only to find the enemy straggling.

17th. Marched at eight o'clock, encamped four miles south-west of Jackson.

18th. Marched at eight A.M.; camped near Cork. The Fifth Kentucky, crossing the Ocmulgee River, succeeded in capturing one hundred and twenty-five horses and mules.

One powder magazine, blown up; railroad dépôt and surrounding buildings, burned; two thousand three hundred muskets, smooth bore, calibre sixty-nine, burned; three hundred sets accoutre- 19th. Marched at midnight; crossed the Ocments, burned; ten thousand rounds ammuni- mulgee on pontoons at Planter's Factory. The ion, calibre sixty-nine, burned; five thousand Second Kentucky was left to protect the division lances, burned; one thousand five. hundred cut- supply-train. Camped fourteen miles from Clinlasses, burned; fifteen boxes United States stand-ton. The Ninth Pennsylvania, Colonel Jordan, ard weights and measures, burned; sixteen hogsheads salt, thrown into the river; one hundred and seventy boxes fixed ammunition, and two hundred kegs powder. Turned over all that was valuable to Major Reynolds, and threw the balance into the river. About one thousand five hundred pounds tobacco were distributed among

making a detour to the right, obtained valuable information in regard to the movements of the enemy about Macon.

20th. Marched to Clinton, participating in the demonstration that day made by our command on Macon; Captain Handcock, of the Ninth Pennsylvania, with one hundred men, making a

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Left Atlanta; public buildings destroyed, part of city on fire, halted an hour
for dinner at Decatur.

Commencing to find subsistence for men and forage for animals.
Commenced killing worthless animals; bad place two miles back from camp,
over which First division could not pass to-night.

Passed through Social Circle and Rutledge, destroying railroad dépôts, tanks,
wood, and track thoroughly.

One brigade, Second division sent to burn railroad bridge across Oconee,
two brigades, Third division, detailed to tear up road.

Men and animals now faring luxuriously.

Very muddy and worn Frost at night. Captured Commander of Post, Colonel White, and Captain
and Assistant Quartermaster and Captain, Commissary of Subsistence.
Crossed Little River on pontoons; arrived at Milledgeville at twelve o'clock,
and camped east side of Oconee River in woods.


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Shoeing up and repairing. Burnt penitentiary, arsenal, destroyed arms, munitions of war, and railroad property.

Built bridge over Buffalo Creek.

Skirmish with the enemy in evening; passed Hebron. General Sherman
joined us.

Skirmish with enemy on entering town; we laid by here all afternoon; Four-
teenth corps passing through.

Burnt court-house and jail at Sandersville before we marched, and cut down
the liberty-pole.

swamp bad First and Second divisions sent down railroad to destroy it; found bridge burnt by rebels; laid by till it was built.

Good turnpike

Crossed on pontoons; Fourteenth corps train and cavalry division train passing ahead; passed through Louisville.

First and Second divisions rejoin us. Repairing.

Michigan Engineers build bridges across the creek; forty-six men and one lieu-
tenant One Hundred and Seventh New-York gobbled while out foraging.
Passed a magnificent plantation belonging to Doctor Jones, called Birdville.
Passed the Millen prison on our left.

Some of our men destroyed a mill on our left half a mile, burning the sluice-
gate, letting the water flood the road, delaying corps supply train and First
division twelve hours.

Train of cavalry division, two hundred and eleven wagons, ordered to move
with corps train.

Swamps very bad; road barricaded by felled trees.

Crossed Turkey Creek; Provost-Marshal ordered to take all captured horses
to mount the cavalry.

Crossed Jack's Creek; troops, except Third division, ahead six miles; stopped
at Springfield for dinner.

Except the swamps, Third division trains did not get into camp till nine
o'clock next morning.

Found forts in front garrisoned by rebels; roads through swamp barricaded;
charged on enemy's works through swamps and rice-fields, carrying them,
capturing some prisoners.

Captured General Harrison, Commander of the rebels, in the fight yesterday.
Eleventh, first day's siege; twelfth, captured rebel steamer Resolute; thir-
teenth, manned steamer and commenced repairs.

Fort McAllister captured; fifteenth, sent one hundred and fifty wagons to
Kingsbridge for supplies; seventeenth, received mail.

Twentieth, during day and night rebels evacuating Savannah.





The trains of the following commands were supplied with forage obtained on the expeditions: Fourth army corps, Fourteenth army corps, Fifteenth army corps, Seventeenth army corps, Twentieth army corps, Headquarters Department of Cumberland, Signal corps Department of Cumberland, Ordnance Department of Cumberland, Medical Supply Department of Cumberland, Cavalry division batteries, Michigan Engineers, Post detachments.





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Capt. J. F. Rowe, A. A. Q. M.

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Second division,..
Third division,.

Capt. G. B. Cadwallader, A. Q. M........

Capt. G. L. Parker, A. Q. M.

Capt. H. A. Lacy, A. Q. M...

9 45 32 17 47,764 20 174 10 103 382,602 469,119 84 267 82 140 299,421 262,500 112 317 82 109 348,197 150,000

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Captain, Acting Chief Quartermaster,
Twentieth Army Corps

demonstration, attacking and gallantly combating two rebel regiments to the right of our line of march on Macon. Withdrawing from before Macon, camped near Griswoldville.

21st. Took position at Griswoldville; skirmished mildly all day. Being in position, tearing up tracks, destroying a pistol and soap factory of much value to the enemy. Encamped three miles from Griswoldville.

from them, moving in the direction of Waynesboro, at which point we struck the railroad, and at nightfall camped upon it one and a half miles in the direction of Millen. The enemy having followed the rear of the Second brigade all day, we had every reason to expect an attack here, therefore took up a strong position of two barricaded lines -the Third Kentucky, Eighth Indiana, and Fifth Kentucky, in the first line, 22d. The pickets of the Ninth Pennsylvania at the Ninth Pennsylvania and Second Kentucky early morn were attacked and finally driven back holding, the second one, my flanks being well to the encampment of the brigade, where this protected by the railroad on the right and a regiment for some time was earnestly engaged. large pond on the left. Not long after we were The regiment fought well, an enemy greatly su- prepared did we await. Before eleven o'clock, the perior in number. Their gallantry, stern resist pickets and our entire skirmish-line were driven ance, and well-timed charge baffled the enemy in in, and before midnight they had completely enwhat they supposed would prove to them a suc-veloped our line and made a charge upon our cessful attack. Making preparations to attack works. From that until dawn, six different and with my whole force, received orders to withhold distinct charges were made upon our lines. Six in order to allow the infantry column of General Wolcott to show themselves, moving in the direction of Griswoldville and Macon. The Fifth Kentucky, with General Kilpatrick, made a demonstration to the rear of the enemy's line of battle. This was the day of magnificent behavior and splendid fighting of General Wolcott's brigade of General Wood's division of the Fifteenth army corps. During the day, when the enemy, with greatly superior numbers, made such repeated and determined attacks upon General Wolcott, I took the responsibility of moving from camp with two regiments, placing them one on each flank of our force then engaged, which at that time was in imminent danger of being turned.

23d. Marched to Gordon, and encamped. 24th. Marched to Milledgeville; received rations; thence across the Oconee eight miles, beginning our movement to strike the Augusta and Savannah Railroad.

25th. Marched at eight A.M., reaching the factory at Ogeechee Shoals. The Second Kentucky, who had rejoined us, in advance, captured a picket-post of the enemy here. Trayelled this day thirty miles.

26th. Marched at eight A.M.; travelled twentyeight miles, camping two and one half south Sylvan Grove. Here the enemy, in force, under Wheeler, attacked the camp of the Eighth Indiana and Second Kentucky. These regiments, under Colonel Jones, of the Eighth Indiana, spent the most of the night in engaging the enemy, which was splendidly and successfully done. Convinced that the enemy in force had attacked me, took up position with barricades for my entire command. At the approach of day, received direct orders to commence the march. The withdrawal of the Eighth Indiana and Second Kentucky was effected under heavy fire from the enemy. The enemy, attempting to follow, were effectually checked by the barricades of the Fifth Kentucky and Lieutenant Stetson, with his artillery. At that time, the enemy, covering my entire front, with two brigades on my left flank, dared not attack. I took up the line of march without the least difficulty or annoyance

different times did they meet with bloody repulses. This was the second night that my command had been engaged, and for several days had been making long marches. The enemy, by reason of the darkness of the night, were unable to ascertain our position, only by volleys they received from our Spencer rifles and carbines. At times they rushed within thirty paces of our barricades, with loud huzzas of "Hunt their damned barricades!" "Go for them!" "We'll show you how to desolate our homes and burn our towns!" I have every reason to believe that this fight was one of immense disaster to them in killed and wounded. Lieutenant Stetson, with his artillery at short-range, used four guns. He never fires but what he makes an impression upon the enemy. Part of the Ninth Pennsylvania, notwithstanding our constant work with the enemy, was engaged in tearing up the railroad. In accordance with orders from the General commanding, I, at daylight, withdrew, marching in the direction of Louisville. This was a day of unusual activity. The charge made by that most excellent officer, Captain John A. P. Glore, with his battalion of the Fifteenth Kentucky, and the engagements of the Eighth Indiana and Ninth Michigan that morning, were under the direct supervision of the General commanding, and reflect great credit upon those engaged. My command formed the rear. This day the enemy seemed determined to do something. The greater portion of our command having crossed Buckhead Creek, they conceived the plan of cutting off and entirely destroying that portion which as yet had not crossed. In this, however, they were sadly mistaken; gaining a flitting advan tage, by reason of their having flanking columns, the next moment found them disappointed, discomforted, and retiring. The Second and Third Kentucky, our rear, bore the brunt of this attack. The Fifth Kentucky quickly into line, the Ninth Pennsylvania and artillery into position, the enemy did not see proper to make further advances, when we marched across the bridge. Here we found Colonel Heath, with his Fifth Ohio and two howitzers in splendid position, covering the bridge, ready to give the enemy a

warm reception and burn the bridge, both of difficult, by reason of a stream almost impassawhich they afterward did. Moving on some three ble, save by the main road or railroad. The miles by direction of the General commanding, Third Kentucky, pushing across, went into posiwe halted, went into position, built barricades, tion on the right, under a heavy fire, the Ninth and in every way prepared to whip the enemy, Pennsylvania forming on the left. In the mean who had for two days been annoying our rear time, the Eighth Indiana dismounted, moved battalions, and for two nights had called my en- across the stream through the swamp. Lieutentire command from their blankets to give them ant Stetson, with his artillery, and Colonel Baldrepulses. The enemy, only delayed by the burn- win, with the Fifth Kentucky, in position on the ing of the bridge, soon effected a crossing at an- south side of the stream. The Second Kentucky other point, and were before us. They made a ordered to follow within supporting distance of most handsome attack, first on our centre, then the first line. The Third Kentucky, charging on on our extreme right, and afterward on our the right, found the enemy in barricades, and left, each one of which was beautifully repulsed. were subjected to a fire from front and flank. Having accomplished that for which we halted, The Ninth Pennsylvania, pushing on the left, by direction of the General commanding, we re- struck the enemy, relieving the Third Kentucky mounted and resumed the march. Hoping to from the flank-fire. These two regiments pushtake some prisoners, by my direction, Captain ed forward in magnificent style. The Eighth Beggs, my Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Indiana and Second Kentucky moving up, inch directed Colonel Baldwin, commanding Fifth Ken- by inch, the enemy were driven through the tucky, to move into the woods to our left, whence town, the Ninth Pennsylvania and the Third a portion of the rebels who charged our left fled. Kentucky pressing the enemy heavily. The apThis, however, Colonel Baldwin failed to do.pearance of the Eighth Indiana dismounted, and Marched and encamped within ten miles of Louisville, the enemy no longer showing themselves. 29th. Marched at six A.M. to Big Creek, near Louisville; camped near Louisville.

30th. Remained in camp.

December 1.-Marched at half-past ten A.M., in the direction of Waynesboro; found the enemy, two brigades strong, within four miles. After a stubborn fight, routed it. The action was brought on by Major C. T. Chuk, Fifth Kentucky cavalry, a gallant and experienced officer. Colonel Baldwin, with the rest of his regiment, the Fifth Kentucky, moving forward to the fight, was soon engaged. Colonel Jones, with his Eighth Indiana, pushed forward with one battalion on each flank of the Fifth, and the third one up to their line. They went up in handsome style; met and engaged the enemy with the Fifth, who at that time was being heavily pressed. Moving forward, we encamped three miles beyond.

2d. Marched at seven o'clock, found the enemy at Rock Creek Church; he was charged and driven across the creek by Major Breathitt, with his battalion of the Third Kentucky cavalry; Captain Thomas, with his battalion of the Third Kentucky, crossing the creek, charging the enemy behind barricades, and together with a battalion of the Fifth Ohio, put the enemy to flight. Travelled fifteen miles, and encamped.

3d. Marched to Tompkins Station. 4th. Wheeler, with his entire force, being at Waynesboro, five miles distant, by direction of the General commanding, my command stripped for battle, and with our division, moved to "attack and rout him." The Second brigade in advance, my command in a second line, within supporting distance, attacked and drove him to the town. Receiving orders from General Kilpatrick to take the town, the Second brigade having had their share, wheeled out of the road, and I moved forward to do so. The enemy held splendid positions. The approaches to the town were

the charge of the Second Kentucky, sent the enemy panic-stricken from the field. His loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners, was heavy, and saved themselves from still more serious slaughter by fleeing to the woods. Having taken full possession of the town, and from one to two iniles in all directions, the Fifth Kentucky was ordered up, and pushed on the Augusta road, which the majority of the command of Wheeler had taken, following him closely, until he had crossed Brier Creek. This was a most magnificent fight; each regiment did nobly its part, conclusively showing, by the manner in which they fought, that nothing less than a complete rout to the enemy would be the result of the day's battle. The Third Kentucky lost heavily in the engagement, by reason of the barricades, which they most determinedly attacked and carried. Aside from the good resulting from the victory itself, the enemy seemed to be convinced that the destination of the army of General Sherman was Augusta, whence they continued to flee. Taking the Alexandria road, encamped a distance of five miles.

5th. Marched at seven o'clock; travelling twenty-two miles, encamped at Jacksonboro.

6th. Marched through Sylvania to the Middle Ground road; covered the rear of the Twentieth army corps, moving on Springfield; encamped, having travelled twenty-four miles. During the day, a scouting-party from the Ninth Pennsylvania attacked in the rear, and entirely dispersing it, a small advance-guard of the rebel General Ferguson, whose column was moving on this road. Changing his course, however, he attacked the Second brigade, which was moving in the rear of the Fourteenth corps.

7th. Marched at nine A.M., travelling eleven miles.

8th. Marched at ten o'clock A.M., through Springfield; camped at twelve o'clock M. The marches of December sixth, seventh, and eighth in the rear were hard ones, by reason of the

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