Page images

The battery remained in park until November fifteenth, expending no ammunition, and meeting with no casualties.

in the morning of the twenty-first, it was discov-it moved on the fifteenth September into park on
ered that the enemy had evacuated the night be- north side of city.
fore, when one section of light battery was or- On the sixteenth October marched with troops
dered forward, under Lieutenant Scott, who en- of the Second division, General Geary command-
tered the town about ten o'clock; also the sectioning, on forage expedition; also on the twenty-
under Lieutenant Freeman was directed to cross sixth October, with troops of First division, Col-
the river to the Georgia shore, and join me at onel Robinson commanding; capturing, for use of
Savannah, but owing to high wind and tide he command, in both expeditions, sixty bushels corn,
was unable to cross. During the day the heavy and a quantity of corn-fodder.
battery was ordered forward, and arrived about
sundown, and was put into position at the foot
of Bay street, bearing on the rebel ram Savannah,
firing thirteen rounds with good effect, with no
casualties. On the morning of the twenty-second,
found the ram had been blown up during the
night. The heavy battery was taken out of posi-
tion and brought up at the head of Huntingdon
street, and parked with Lieutenant Scott's sec-
tion; about seven o'clock P.M., the section under
Lieutenant Freeman arrived, and parked with the
rest of battery, where we now remain.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

All of which is respectfully submitted.

Captain First New-York Artillery.


Lieutenant W. H. Mickle, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Artillery Brigade, Twentieth Army Corps:

LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to report the following list of captured animals and forage from the enemy during the recent campaign just closed: fifteen horses, fifteen mules, five hundred bushels corn, two tons corn fodder, eight tons rice in sheaf, fifty bushels sweet potatoes, four hundred pounds flour. Ten horses and fifteen mules turned over to Quartermaster's Department; five horses abandoned.

CHARLES E. WINEGAR, Captain First New-York Artillery, commanding Battery I.

LIEUTENANT NEWKIRK'S REPORT. HEADQUARTERS BATTERY M, FIRST NEW-YORK ARTILLERY, SAVANNAH, GA., December 23, 1864. Lieutenant W. H. Mickle, Acting Assistant Adjutant-General, Artillery, Twentieth Army Corps:

LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to state that on the second day of September, 1864, the battery entered Atlanta, taking position in a fort, on Decatur street, near rolling-mills, from which place

[ocr errors]

On the fifteenth November, the battery moved from Atlanta with troops of the left wing, army of Georgia, marching with it until the occupation of Savannah, expending no ammunition, and meeting with no casualties.

With the exception of dry rations, (sugar, cof-
fee, etc.,) the command subsisted entirely on the
country. During the march, the animals were
fed two thousand bushels of corn, besides corn-
fodder, etc. There were some twenty-five mules
turned in through Chief Artillery, Twentieth
army corps, to Captain Schoeninger, Assistant-
Quartermaster, for which a less number were re-

The following is a recapitulation of forage and
animals captured on march : Bushels of corn
captured, two thousand; number of horses cap-
tured, one; number of mules captured, one.
All of which is respectfully submitted.

First Lieutenant, Commanding Battery M, First New-York


ARTILLERY, SAVANNAH, GA., December 26, 1864.
Lieutenant W. H. Mickle, Acting Assistant Ad-
jutant-General, Artillery Brigade, Twentieth
Army Corps:

LIEUTENANT: I have the honor to submit the
following report of operations of this battery
from the occupation of Atlanta, September se-
cond, 1864, until the present time.

From the occupation of the city until November fifteenth, the battery was parked with other batteries of the corps, in the north-eastern part of the city, with the exception of two weeks immediately succeeding its capture, when we were stationed in the works on East-Point railroad. Battery took part in foraging expedition, under Colonel Robinson, Eighty-second Ohio volunteer infantry, October sixteenth, going as far as Flat Rock Shoals, on South River. In the expedition were probably six hundred wagons, which were all filled with corn and fodder. One section of battery accompanied another expedition, under General Geary, October twenty-sixth, proceeding in direction of Lithonia, on Georgia Railroad. From these and other expeditions from Atlanta, we received in all about seven thousand (7000) pounds corn for the animals of the battery. We moved from Atlanta November fifteenth, taking the Augusta road. One man died of disease, November eighteenth, near Madison. From this date until arriving in front of Savannah, Decem

[merged small][ocr errors]

ber tenth, nothing worthy of note in a report transpired. December thirteenth, nineteen rounds of ammunition were expended, mostly thrown into the city. Twenty rounds were fired on the twentieth, at a boat which had moved up from the city, and was annoying our troops on Hutchinson's Island. Battery moved into Savannah, December twenty-first. One hundred and twenty rounds were expended on morning of twentyfirst, in endeavoring to drive off the enemy from a boat on the river, from which they were unloading supplies. On afternoon of same day battery was moved to West Broad street, where it is now parked. On the march from Atlanta there were picked up by my command about eight horses and fifteen mules, in all twentythree animals. The stock worn out on the march was turned into Quartermaster's department.

On the march, the animals were subsisted entirely off the country, as were also the men to a great extent. The amount of forage used by my command would foot up about fifty thousand (50,000) pounds. This, with what we secured from expeditions sent out from Atlanta, would make a total of fifty-seven thousand (57,000) pounds corn taken from the country.

All of which is respectfully submitted. THOMAS S. SLOAN, Captain Independent Battery E, Pennsylvania Artillery. Recapitulation: Died of disease: enlisted man, Animals picked up: eight horses, fifteen mules. Amount of forage captured, fifty-seven thousand pounds. Ammunition, number rounds expended, one hundred and fifty-four.



HEADQUARTERS BATTERY C, FIRST OHIO LIGHT ARTILLERY, SAVANNAH, GA., December 24, 1864. LIEUTENANT: I have the honor of submitting the following report of operations of battery C, First Ohio light artillery, during the time from the occupation of Atlanta to the present date.

On the second day of September, 1864, the battery moved into the city of Atlanta, and took position in a fort to the south and west of the city. On the twelfth of the month left this position, and went into camp with the other batteries of the brigade to the west of the city, where it lay until the twenty-first day of October, when it formed part of the guard of the foraging expedition, which went out that day, under command of Colonel Dustin, commanding Third division, Twentieth army corps, and was absent four days, returning to camp on the twentyfourth. During the expedition I procured two large loads of corn, and about one thousand pounds pork, three hundred pounds mutton, and fifteen bushels potatoes. Previous to this, two wagons were sent at two different times, and once after, three wagons, procuring, during the several expeditions sent out, about two hundred and seventy bushels corn, two thousand five hundred pounds meat, and thirty bushels pota


During the time that the battery lay in camp, it was put in good order, carriages painted, har

ness oiled, and by the fifteenth of October was in every way ready for the field, with the exception of horses and mules, which, on account of scarcity of forage, became very much reduced in flesh, and a majority of them died from starvation.

On the second day of November, I received a new lot of horses and mules, and on the morning of the fifteenth moved out of the city, on the Decatur road, with the Twentieth army corps, with which we marched during the Savannah campaign, and arrived in front of the enemy's works around the city, on the tenth day of December. On the twelfth, by order of Major Reynolds, the battery was moved on the river-bank, opposite the head of Hutchinson's Island. From the commencing of the campaign to this date, the battery was commanded by Captain W. B. Gary, who was captured on Hutchinson's Island the twelfth, with two enlisted men. The battery then fell to my command.

On the fourteenth instant, by command of Major Reynolds, I sent Lieutenant King, with a section, to report to Colonel Robinson, commanding Third brigade, First division, at Cherokee Hill.

The balance of battery kept its position on the river until eleven o'clock A.M., on the twentieth instant, when I received orders to move my battery, except the section at Cherokee Hill, to the city of Savannah, where I arrived at three P.M., and went into camp on the west end of Roberts street, where the battery now lies.

During the campaign, the command has consumed about the following amount of forage and supplies ninety thousand pounds corn, thirty thousand pounds fodder, three hundred bushels sweet potatoes, seven thousand pounds fresh meat; and has captured fifteen horses and twenty-eight mules; picked up seven negroes; and destroyed thirty-five thousand pounds cotton.

On leaving Atlanta, there were eighty-four horses and thirty-four mules in the command.

There have been two horses and eighteen mules turned over to Captain Schoeninger, and eight mules to Captain McKell, Ordnance Officer, Third division, Twentieth army corps, and one horse died, leaving with the command, at this present date, eighty-eight horses and thirty-six mules.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. B. STEPHENS, First Lieutenant, Commanding Battery C, First Ohio Light Artillery.

WM. H. MICKLE, Lieutenant and A. A. A. G. Artillery, Twentieth Army Corps.



COLONEL I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my command during the campaign from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.

November 13.- My command destroyed the railroad bridge over the Chattahoochee River, near Atlanta, Georgia.

14th. Moved my command to and encamped

within the city limits, and equipped the same 6th. Marched seventeen miles. with twenty days' rations and forage.

15th. In accordance with orders, sent one half of my train-four hundred and forty (440) feet of bridge, complete-and four companies of my all night. regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel 8th. Finished the trestle-bridge in the mornMoore, with the Twentieth corps. The remaining, and also threw a pontoon-bridge over Lockder of my train, with six companies, commanded mer Creek, four miles in advance. by myself, marched from Atlanta the morning of the sixteenth, with the Fourteenth corps, moving on the Decatur road.

9th. Took up both bridges, and moved forward during the night toward Savannah. 10th. Continued our march.

18th. In the afternoon took up one of my bridges, moved it forward to the Ulcofauhatchee, where it was re-thrown. The remaining bridge over Yellow River being ordered forward under charge of Major Downey, reached my camp lateing the day, night, and part of the nineteenth. in the night.

11th. Marched six miles and camped near the Savannah River, within six miles of Savannah City. Lieutenant-Colonel Moore reported and rejoined my command, with his detachment. 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, and 17th. Remained in camp, idle.

18th. Made seven hundred (700) fascines dur

19th. Dismantled the bridge over the Ulcofauhatchee, and marched eighteen miles, during the day.

20th. Received orders to throw a pontoon-bridge from Argyle Island to the main South-Carolina shore. Worked all night boating my material to the point, and had the bridge half completed, when orders were received to take it up and march into Savannah on the morning, December twenty-first, 1864.

20th, 21st, and 22d, were passed in march

17th. After a march of twenty miles, threw two bridges (one hundred and twenty feet each) over Yellow River.


23d. Reached and encamped in the city of Milledgeville.

24th. Marched at nine o'clock A.M., moving on the road to Sandersville.

25th. Moved forward a few miles to Buffalo Creek. Over this stream we threw a pontoonbridge, and also built one small trestle-bridge during the night.

26th. Took up the pontoon-bridge and marched the same day to Sandersville, a distance of ten


27th. Sent Major Downey with two companies and one hundred and twenty feet of bridge, to report to General Baird, whose division marched on the extreme left flank. The remainder of my command moved on the river road from Louisville, with Generals Carlin's and Morgan's divisions of the Fourteenth corps.

December 1.-Marched at ten o'clock P.M., going a distance of twelve miles, on the road to Millen.

2d. Continued our march the whole day. 3d. In the morning threw two bridges; one over Buckhead Creek, and also one over Rosebury Creek. Took the same bridge up in the evening, and marched six miles on the road to Jacksonboro.

7th. Marched twenty-five miles, reaching Ebenezer Creek; commenced building a trestlebridge over Ebenezer Creek, working my men

28th. Continued our march to Louisville; reached there the same evening. Found Colonel Captain Wood Tousey, Commissary; LieutenMoore's bridge thrown over the large Ogeechee, ant Zach. Jones, Aid-de-Camp; Lieutenant Horace and Major Downey's thrown over the small Ogee- | Hall, Aid-de-Camp; and Lieutenant Henry Torchee River, near Louisville. Finished corduroy-rence, Acting Assistant Quartermaster, deserve ing the swamps on either side of the Ogeechee credit for their energy and promptness. River. We remained in camp near Louisville until the afternoon of December first.

In conclusion, I would state that great credit is due the officers and men of the regiment, for the manner in which they conducted themselves throughout the entire campaign; although, many times, after a hard day's march, they have had bridges to build or roads to repair, they were always on hand.

[blocks in formation]

My command, consisting of about nine hundred men and six hundred mules, started from Atlanta with four days' forage and twenty days' rations. My men and mules lived well throughout the whole campaign, and had been in Savannah several days before we drew rations from the United States Government. My entire command was in better condition when it arrived in Savannah, than when it left Atlanta.

Before closing this report, I desire to tender my thanks to Lieutenant-Colonel Moore and Major Downey, each of whom ably commanded detachments of the regiment, displaying a degree of energy and perseverance entitling them to special notice. Captains James W. Smith and C. C. Whiting rendered very important services in their positions as commanders of pontoon sections.

Praise is likewise due my officers and men, for the good discipline retained throughout the netire march.

For the particulars of the operations of Colonel Moore's detachment, I refer you to his report, herein inclosed.

Recapitulation: Corduroyed two thousand yards; pontoon-bridge, by day, six hundred and ninety feet; trestle-bridge, by day, two hundred and sixty feet; trestle-bridge, by night, one thou


HEADQUARTERS FIFTY-EIGHTH INDIANA VOLUNTEERS, PONTONIERS, SAVANNAH, GA., January 6, 1865. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the amount of bridging done by that portion of the Fifty-eighth Indiana volunteers under my command, during the late campaign from Atlanta, Georgia, to this point:

My command consisted of four companies of the Fifty-eighth Indiana volunteers. Effective force, two hundred and twenty men, exclusive of teamsters and a train of forty-one wagons, including baggage and supply-train, and hauled about four hundred and forty feet of pontoon-bridge.

November 15.-At seven A.M., in accordance with orders received, I moved my train out on the Decatur road, reporting to Brigadier-General Williams, commanding Twentieth army corps. I remained with this corps during the campaign. I had no bridging to do until we reached Little River, twelve miles north of Milledgeville.

20th. We put a pontoon-bridge across Little River, of ten boats, making two hundred and twenty feet of bridge, during the night of the twentieth November.

sand and thirty feet; fascines made, seven hundred; mules, six hundred; men, nine hundred. I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant, GEORGE P. BUELL, Colonel Commanding. Lieutenant-Colonel H. C. RODGERS, Assistant Adjutant-General, Left Wing, Army of Georgia. and ten feet of bridge; balk and chess used to

Recapitulation: Whole number of pontoonboats put down, eighteen; making four hundred


build bridges on trestles, three hundred and sixty
feet; trestle-bridges built, one hundred and
eighty-five feet; total, nine hundred and fifty-
five feet. Respectfully submitted.
Lieutenant-Colonel Fifty-eighth Indiana Volunteers, Command-
ing Section Pontoon Train, Left Wing, Army of Georgia.


24th. We put a pontoon-bridge across the channel of Buffalo Creek. This bridge took three boats, and was eighty feet in length. I also repaired five bridges at this point, by repairing the trestles that had been burned off, and using balk and chess for covering. These bridges were three hundred and sixty feet in length. I also repaired two bridges at the same flat or swamp, one hundred and twenty feet in length, using timber procured from the woods, making the whole length of bridging at this point five hundred and sixty feet.

28th. We reached Ogeechee River about one P.M., and found the bridge across the river burned, and seven others across the swamp, which was near three fourths of a mile in width. I put

On the tenth of December we reached a point five miles from Savannah, and on the thirteenth, I received orders to report to Colonel Buell, then commanding the other section of the train.

HEADQUARTERS SECOND MASSACHUSETTS INFANTRY, } SAVANNAH, GA., December 26, 1864. Lieutenant-Colonel II. W. Perkins, Assistant-Adjutant-General, Twentieth Army Corps: COLONEL: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my command while stationed at the post of Atlanta, Georgia. Upon the occupation of that city by the Twentienth corps, September second, 1864, I was directed by Major-General Slocum, commanding the corps, to encamp my regiment in the city, and assume command of the post; and by special orders number seventy-four, extract four, headquarters Twentieth corps, September fifth, 1864, I was detailed to the same command, and the Second Massachusetts infantry, the One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania infantry, and the Thirty-third Massachusetts infantry, were ordered to report to me for duty.

These regiments were stationed as follows: The Second Massachusetts infantry, Captain R. B. Brown commanding, at the "City Hall Park;" the One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania infantry, Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas M. Walker commanding, at the "City Park;" and the Thirty-third Massachusetts infantry, Lieutenant-Colonel Ryder, afterward LieutenantColonel Duane, commanding, on McDonough street, near the City Hall.

The duties of this command were to protect and guard all public and private property in the city, and to patrol the streets for the purpose of maintaining order, and arresting all offenders and unauthorized persons in the city.

Lieutenant-Colonel C. F. Morse, Second Massachusetts infantry, was detailed as Provost-Mar

29th. During the night we built two small tres-shal of the post; Captain James M. Wells, One tle-bridges, sixty-five feet in length, across Big Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania infantry, as Creek, three miles south of Louisville. From commandant of convalescent and receiving camp; this on we had no more pontoon-bridges to lay; Lieutenant John A. Fox, Second Massachusetts but we travelled through a country that was very infantry, as Post Adjutant; and Lieutenant Peter level and swampy, and I had one hundred of my Sears, Thirty-third Massachusetts infantry, as men daily detailed, under charge of Captain Wil- Street Commissioner. liam E. Chappall, of this regiment, to march in advance as pioneers, to corduroy swamps and repair bridges, and clear out the timber which had been felled in the roads at every swamp by the enemy. There were a good many small bridges built, not, however, worth reporting. VOL. IX.-Doc. 10

a pontoon-bridge across the river, using five boats, and making one hundred and ten feet of bridge. I also set my men at work and cut a new road across the swamp, which we had to corduroy from the river through the entire swamp.


The duties of the Post Provost-Marshal were to regulate the city patrol, to take charge of all prisoners, the general charge of all citizens, and to seize all cotton and tobacco, as well as many other minor duties; while those of Captain Wells were to receive all enlisted men that might come

or be sent to him; to provide them with rations; recording their names, companies, regiments, and corps; and to promptly forward them to their proper commands, as well as to receive and properly care for all escaped prisoners of war.

The duties of the Post Adjutant, in addition to the regular duties of his department, were those of keeping records of all the different detachments of the army in the city, examining all leaves of absence and furloughs, and giving orders for transportation or passes upon the same, and giving orders for meals on the Soldiers' Home, and many other new and varied duties.

The Street Commissioner was charged with the cleanliness of the city proper, as well as the burying of dead animals that negligent quartermasters and other parties had left to decay all about the town. In addition to these departments was that of the Soldiers' Home, conducted by Captain Stewart, Acting Commissary Subsistence, United States volunteers, which place furnished lodgings and meals to sick, travelling, and worthy officers and enlisted men, who had not been and could not be otherwise subsisted. Captain Stewart was furnished his subsistence stores direct from the Chief Commissary of Subsistence, military division of the Mississippi, but all orders for meals and lodgings came from post headquarters.

About six hundred bales of cotton and about five hundred pounds of tobacco were seized.

The cotton was turned over to Captain Hade, Assistant-Quartermaster, United States volunteers, by order of the Chief Quartermaster military division of the Mississippi.

As a great quantity of this cotton was in bulk, no regular invoices were given or receipts taken by the Provost-Marshal, but wherever it was found, it was guarded, and Captain Hade took it as it was.

The tobacco was turned over to Captain Blair, Acting Commissary of Subsistence, United States volunteers, and receipted for.

A great deal of tobacco, by the permission of General Sherman, was allowed to be retained by the parties having it, while some considerable tobacco, confiscated from persons vending it on the street without authority, was issued to the troops composing the post command.

Some four thousand arrests for graver or minor offences were made, and a sutler's stock of goods, smuggled into the city, of the retail value of about eight thousand dollars, was confiscated and sold at public sale, at prices fixed by a board of survey, and the proceeds of the sale, one thousand seven hundred and forty dollars, were turned over to Captain John Stewart, Dépôt Quartermaster at Atlanta, and receipts taken for the same by the Post Provost-Marshal. Captain Wells received about six thousand enlisted men, consisting of convalescent soldiers, recruits, returned soldiers from furlough and detached duty, and shirks.

All of these men were forwarded to their proper commands with a despatch and system

unparalleled in my experience, and receipts obtained for them.

Lieutenant Sears was engaged seven hours each day, (Sunday excepted,) with all the prisoners of the provost-guard, in sweeping the streets, carrying off the filth, and burying all dead and decaying matter within the limits of the fortifications.

The Soldiers' Home furnished meals from over ten thousand (10,000) rations.

While, after the army moved northward in pursuit of Hood, about the first of October, detachments of the different army corps left behind with baggage and so forth, were reported to the post commander, pursuant to orders from Major-General Slocum, to the number of twelve thousand seven hundred men, (12,700;) the different detachments commanded by persons of the different grades, from that of colonel to that of corporal.

All business on Sundays was stopped in the city, all stores and public buildings closed.

When the city of Atlanta was about to be evacuated, and the army of Georgia about to commence the "campaign of Savannah," and all railroad track and buildings, all warehouses and public buildings that would hereafter be of any military use to the enemy, were to be destroyed, under direction of Captain C. M. Poe, Chief Engineer military division of the Mississippi, the duties of the post command were to protect from accidental or wanton fire and destruction, all buildings not designated to be de stroyed. This called for the entire and united efforts of the whole command during the days and nights of the thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, and part of the sixteenth of November, 1864; and considering so great a number of buildings were destroyed, and very many by fire, in the compact part of the city, at a time when many stragglers were passing through the town, and when the excitement of so great a conflagration was almost overpowering, it is not too much to say that all the officers and men of that command deserve great praise for the prompt and energetic and successful performance of this new, difficult, and fatiguing duty.

On the morning of the fourteenth November, I received an order from Major-General Slocum, commanding left wing army of Georgia, to remain in the city with my command until all the troops had passed, and then join the rear of the Fourteenth corps, Brevet-General J. C. Davies commanding, which I did at five o'clock P.M., November sixteenth, 1864; remaining with that corps, and marching in its rear, until the afternoon of the twenty-first November, at five o'clock, when, at Eatonton Mills, Georgia, I left it, and joined the Twentieth corps, at Milledgeville, Georgia, at eleven o'clock A.M., November twenty-three, and then, pursuant to orders from Brigadier-General A. S. Williams, commanding Twentieth corps, I directed the different regiments of my command to report to their respective brigades, and assuming command of my lown regiment, Second Massachusetts infantry,

« PreviousContinue »