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7th. Marched at seven A.M., and encamped at eight P.M. within one mile of Springfield. 8th. Marched at half-past six A.M., through Springfield.
passing 9th. Marched at half-past seven A.M. Course toward Savannah. Some skirmishing in our front; regiment not engaged.
10th. Second brigade marched back about two miles, and took position in rear of the train which we were to guard this day. Moved forward at twelve M. Struck the Charleston Railroad just before night, and ten miles from Savannah. Encamped at eight A.M. within five miles of the city.
11th. Moved at ten A.M. toward the river. Took position in front of the enemy's lines, which were covered by a canal and rice-marsh. Threw forward skirmishers and remained here for three hours, when we were relieved by the First brigade, and moved to the left and rear and encamped on the bank of the river in rear of the lines of the Third brigade, where we remained, furnishing pickets for the river-bank, and also heavy fatigue details for the fortifications in our front until the morning of the
and Forty-ninth New-York volunteer regiments, and the Twenty-ninth and One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteer regiments, from the occupation of Atlanta, September second, 1864, to the occupation of Savannah, December twenty-first, 1864:
September 3d, 1864.-On September third the command encamped along the line of the enemy's works south-west of the city of Atlanta, and between the Sandtown and McDonough roads, the right resting on the Sandtown road and the left at the large fort about a half-mile from the McDonough road, and covered this front during the entire occupation of the city by our forces.
5th. The One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers was detached from the brigade, by order of Major-General Slocum, and reported to Colonel Cogswell, Second Massachusetts volunteers, commanding the post, for provost-duty, and remained on such duty during the occupation of the city.
10th. Colonel David Ireland, who had commanded the brigade during the greater part of the Atlanta campaign, died of disease, and the 21st. When the enemy, having evacuated dur-undersigned took command, by order of Brigaing the preceding night, we moved forward into the city and encamped just outside, at the terminus of Bull street.
The casualties during the time covered by the above report were as follows:
December 7th, private Jesse Campbell, Co. D, killed by accidental discharge of gun. December 13th, private W. P. Nichols, Co. C, wounded by shell-back, severe; private Zeno Besnekur, Co. I, wounded by shell-thigh, severe; Sergeant Frank Bowen, Co. I, wounded by shell-hip, slight. December 12th, Corporal W. P. Haight, Co. E, taken prisoner on the island; private Delos Peck, Co. E, taken prisoner on the island; private Clark E. Oyer, Co. G, taken prisoner on the island. November 19th, private L. L. Hunt, Co. B, deserted to the enemy.
dier-General Geary, commanding division.
12th. The brigade was placed in a new camp, regularly laid out near the left of our front, and about two hundred yards in rear of the works, where comfortable huts were erected and drill and parade-grounds prepared. Regular hours of service were established, and when not otherwise engaged as herein reported, squad, company, regimental, and brigade drills, dress-parades, and reviews were regularly held by the entire command.
14th. The Sixtieth New-York veteran volunteers was detailed, by order of the General commanding division, to proceed to Chattanooga to escort paymasters to Atlanta, which duty was performed without particular incident, and the regiment reported back on September twentysecond.
Several others received slight injuries from contusion by shells, which burst in camp at October 11th. The brigade, except the Twenvarious times betweeen the eleventh and twenty-ty-ninth Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, confirst, but the injuries were not sufficiently seri-stituted a part of a foraging force of about two ous to call for a report.
thousand infantry, with artillery and cavalry, under command of Brigadier-General Geary, which proceeded to the vicinity of Flat Rock Shoals, about twenty miles from Atlanta, and returned on the fourteenth October, without loss, though considerably annoyed by the enemy, bringing in a number of animals and about four hundred and fifty wagon-loads of excellent corn, besides cattle and other supplies then greatly needed by the garrison.
16th. The Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania veteran volunteers reported to Colonel Dustin, com
Captain W. T. Forbes, Assistant Adjutant-Gen-manding a second foraging expedition, which eral:
CAPTAIN: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my command, consisting of the Sixtieth and One Hundred and Second New-York veteran volunteers, and the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh, One Hundred
proceeded to the same vicinity as the first, and returned, with like success, on the nineteenth.
19th, 21st, 22d. The brigade was detailed as guard to trains of cars and workmen sent to take up the rails on the Macon and on the WestPoint Railroad, and the first day went to a point
tached from main column; passed through Madison, and along the Augusta Railroad, and bivouacked at Blue Springs, near the Oconee River, at four P.M. Detachment destroyed the bridge over the Oconee River, and the balance of the command destroyed the railroad in the vicinity. Day's travel, fifteen miles.
about one mile west of East-Point, on the West- 19th. Marched at five A.M., division being dePoint Road, where the track was being destroyed by the enemy, who were driven from their work, after a slight skirmish, and their tools captured, and the rails taken from their fires. The track on the Macon Road was taken up to a point about two miles south of East-Point. Slight skirmishing occurred each day, but without loss to us. 23d. The brigade marched toward East-Point, to support the Second brigade of this division, which relieved this command in guarding the trains, but did not engage the enemy.
26th. The brigade, with the One Hundred and Ninth Pennsylvania volunteers, Second brigade Second division Twentieth army corps, reported to General Geary, commanding another foraging expedition, which proceeded about five miles beyond Stone Mountain, eastward, and returned, on the twenty-ninth October, with wagons loaded with corn and a large quantity of other supplies. The brigade was commanded on this occasion by Lieutenant-Colonel K. S. Van Voorhees, One Hundred and Thirty-seventh NewYork volunteers.
November 5th. The brigade, in accordance with orders received, broke camp and marched with the division out on the McDonough road about two miles and bivouacked.
6th. Returned to our former camp. 9th. The brigade was placed in the works in our front, the enemy having opened with cannon on the south-east of the town. Before the command was fully in position, the enemy drove in a part of our picket-line, and opened from a battery on our right. Our pickets were pushed out as skirmishers, and pressed the enemy so closely that he withdrew his battery, and soon quiet was restored.
15th. The brigade, with the division, broke camp at seven A.M., and marched out on Decatur street, and at nine A.M. took up the march. This command, being the rear of the Second division in line, passed through Decatur, and encamped, at four A.M. of the sixteenth, on the Rock Bridge Road, sixteen miles from Atlanta. The One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers did not march with the brigade, but remained in the city until the sixteenth, to assist in the destruction of railroads and public buildings, and then joined the column of the Fourteenth corps.
20th. Marched at seven A.M., and reached the Oconee River at eight A.M., at Parkes's Planing Mills, which were destroyed, and encamped at Dunham's Factory. Day's travel, fifteen miles. 21st. Marched at seven A.M. Burned Dunham's factory, tannery, and adjacent buildings, except dwelling-houses. Marched fifteen miles, and encamped on Nesbit's plantation at six P.M.
22d. Marched at six A.M., and joined the main column at twelve M. Passed through the city of Milledgeville, unopposed, at about seven P.M. Crossed the Oconee, and encamped about one mile east of the city at nine P.M. Day's travel, fifteen miles.
23d. The One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers rejoined the brigade. The brigade marched to Midway, destroyed the station-house and railroad to the city, including a large trestle-bridge over Creek, and returned to camp at six P.M. Distance marched six (6) miles.
24th.. Marched at six A.M., and encamped at dark near Gum Creek, thirteen miles from Milledgeville.
25th. Marched at half-past six A.M., and reached Buffalo Creek at twelve м. Detained by destruction of bridges till nine P.M.; crossed the creek and encamped. Day's travel, eight miles.
26th. Marched at six A.M.; reached Sandersville at twelve M.; skirmish by the advance; formed line south of town, and at one P.M. marched to Tenville Station with the division, and destroyed railroad toward Davidsboro till six P.M. Encamped for the night. Day's travel, twelve miles.
27th. Renewed destruction of railroad at seven A.M., and at twelve M. marched toward Davidsboro, crossing Williamson's Swamp Creek, and encamping at Davidsboro at half-past nine P.M. Day's travel, fifteen miles.
28th. Marched at seven A.M. with division, and returned to a point about eight miles from Davidsboro, and commenced the destruction of 16th. Marched at eight A.M., passed Mountain the railroad where we left off the day before. Creek at ten A.M., and Yellow River at twelve м., | At about two P.M., this brigade was attacked by and encamped at 6 P.M. on Henry's Farm. During a force of cavalry, which was quickly repulsed the most of the afternoon the brigade was en- and driven off with some loss. Had one man gaged in assisting the trains up steep and diffi- wounded and four men captured. At five P.M., cult hills. Made eight miles this day. marched back to Davidsboro, and encamped at seven P.M. Day's travel, sixteen miles.
17th. Marched at five A.M., this brigade in advance of corps. Crossed Big and Little Haynes Creeks, also Gum Creek. Marched through Sheffield at ten A.M., and encamped at five P.M. near Alcova River. Day's travel, sixteen miles. 18th. Marched at five A.M., the brigade being distributed as train-guard. Passed Social Circle at nine A.M., and encamped near Madison at six P.M. Day's travel, fifteen miles.
29th. Marched at six A. M. to Spiers Station, thence to Bostwick, and encamped at seven P.M. Day's travel, nineteen miles.
30th. Marched at seven A.M.; crossed the Ogeechee River at four P.M., and encamped at seven P.M. Day's travel, ten miles.
December 1st. Marched at seven A.M., this brigade leading the corps, and bivouacked, at six
P.M., near Bark Camp Creek. Day's travel, thirteen miles.
2d. Marched at six A.M., crossed Buckhead Creek, and encamped near Buckhead Church. Day's travel, eleven miles.
3d. Marched at twelve м., passing near the Prisoners' Stockade north of Millen. Crossed the Augusta Railroad at seven P.M., engaged the rest of the night in assisting the trains over the almost impassable roads, and bivouacked at four A.M. December fourth. Day's travel, fifteen
4th. Marched at eight A.M., and passed over a very bad road, and bivouacked at seven P.M. Day's travel, fifteen miles.
5th. Marched at six A.M., crossed Crooked Creek at dark, and bivouacked on east bank. Day's travel, six miles.
6th. Marched at seven A.M; progress slow; bivouacked at seven P.M. Day's travel, nine miles.
7th. Marched at seven A.M. One hundred wagons assigned to this brigade to assist forward. Bivouacked near Springfield at eight P.M. Day's travel, ten miles.
8th. Marched at half-past six, division being unincumbered with wheels; somewhat detained by the roads being blockaded. Bivouacked at five P.M. near Waddley's Mill. Day's travel, ten miles.
9th. Marched at half-past seven. At four P.M., the brigade was massed in support of First division, which was confronted by the enemy in works across the road. The enemy was soon routed, and the command encamped at about five P.M. Day's travel, nine miles.
10th. Marched at ten A.M., this command guarding train. Crossed the Charleston Railroad at twelve м., moved down the Augusta Road to within six miles of Savannah, and encamped at three P.M. Day's travel, ten miles.
They were ordered back to the enemy's line of pits, which was strengthened and held until night, when the command threw up a strong breastwork, with pits in advance, and the brigade occupied the line, which was only one hundred and fifty yards from the fort, as has since been determined by actual measurement. (For position of brigade, see accompanying map.)
12th. The fort in front of the left of the brigade proved to be an advanced work covering a canal connecting with the river, and through which the extensive swamps and rice-fields in front of the enemy's entire line was flooded. The brigade was subjected to a severe fire of artillery and musketry from his advanced work, and of artillery from his main line.
Our works were, however, considerably strengthened, and the position maintained.
13th. Was a repetition of the experience of the twelfth.
14th. At twelve A.M., with Captain Hobert. and eight men of his company, from the Sixtieth New-York veteran volunteers, and Captain L. S. Willson, Acting Assistant Inspector-General of brigade, the commanding officer of brigade made a close examination of the canal and flooded fields in our front, also the dykes separating the fields, to within one hundred and fifty yards of the enemy's main line, and determined the depth and. width of the canal, the depth of water in the fields, the width of the dykes, and facilities of crossing. This examination was prosecuted till three A.M., and the information obtained duly reported that morning, and this brigade was ordercd to attack and carry the enemy's advanced work before daylight of the morning of the fifteenth.
15th. Regimental commanders were ordered to get their men under arms at twelve A.M., which was promptly done, and the brigade was in full readiness for the work by one o'clock A.M. 11th. Ordered to penetrate to the Savannah The battery which was to cooperate by a flank River, and develop the enemy's line between the fire from the position noted as Battery No. 2, on Augusta road and the river. Marched at seven the accompanying map, was by some means deA.M.; moved down the Augusta road to within layed in getting into position, and was not ready about twelve hundred yards of a battery of the until half-past three A.M., besides which the enemy's covering the road; filed left and march- First brigade of this division, which, with the ed toward the river and parallel to the enemy's Second brigade, was to support the movement, line, the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh New-was prematurely marched along the immediate York volunteers in advance as skirmishers, who rear of our works, and much confusion ensued. engaged those of the enemy at ten A.M. The It was a very cold night, and the stamping of skirmish-line was extended to the left by the the men upon the frozen ground, and rekindling deployment of the One Hundred and Second of the subdued fires, were sufficient to alarm the New-York veteran volunteers until they reached enemy, who gave palpable evidence of being the river. The skirmish-line then closed in on ready to receive us. This fact was reported to the enemy, but found him strongly posted in the the Brigadier-General commanding division, and thick woods and in a strong line of pits. The the undersigned was directed to use his own disskirmish-line was strengthened and ordered to cretion, whether to proceed or to abandon the charge the enemy's line, which, with loud cheers, attack. The troops were ordered into position was gallantly done; his line was routed, and ran for assault. The Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania back in great disorder, our men following at a veteran volunteers was in position on the beach rapid run, until they were opened upon with can- of the river, the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh ister from a strong fort, which had been con- New-York volunteers in the left of our works as cealed from our view by the woods. Our men reserve, and the Sixtieth New-York veteran volhad reached to within seventy-five yards of this unteers, and One Hundred and Second New-York work before it was thus discovered to them.veteran volunteers were in position in front of
20th. Other than the above, the brigade was engaged during the occupation of this position in building traverses in our works, and otherwise strengthening them, to protect the command from the almost continuous artillery fire from the enemy's works and gunboats, which came up the river so as to enfilade our line, also in constructing Batteries 1, 2, and 3 in front of this division. Toward evening, of this day, indications appeared that the enemy was either evacuating or preparing to evacuate, and the picket was ordered to keep a close watch upon his movements. He kept an unusually severe artillery fire along his entire line until eleven P.M., when he totally ceased his fire.
our works, and the One Hundred and Forty- order: One Hundred and Second New-York ninth New-York volunteers, and One Hundred veteran volunteers, One Hundred and Fortyand Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran volunteers ninth New-York volunteers, One Hundred and nearly so, when Captain Lambert, of division Thirty-seventh New-York volunteers, Twentystaff, communicated the peremptory order of the ninth Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, One General commanding division, to withdraw, Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania veteran which was reluctantly done at a quarter past volunteers, and Sixtieth New-York veteran volfour A.M. unteers, with a strong skirmish line from the One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York vol unteers, extending from the river to the Augusta road. The column then moved down the Augusta road, and at about half a mile from the junction of the Augusta road with the Charleston Railroad, was met by the Mayor, and a delegation of Aldermen of the city, with a flag of truce, who formally surrendered the city of Savannah. With lusty cheers at every step, the column pressed forward, and entered the city on West-Broad street, from the Augusta road. Marched down West-Broad to Bay street, and down Bay street to the Exchange or City Hall, from the balcony of which were displayed the national colors of the regiments of 21st. At twelve A.M. the Commandant of the this brigade, and the division flag, at six o'clock brigade personally reconnoitred the enemy's A.M. By order of the General commanding position, and consulted with the Brigade Officer division, the Sixtieth New-York veteran volunof the Day, Captain S. B. Wheelock, One Hun- teers was left at the entrance of the city at the dred and Thirty-seventh New-York volunteers. canal crossing, as guard, with instructions to At half-past two the reconnoissance was repeat-prevent any other troops from entering the city, ed, and the conviction entertained that the works until quiet and order could be established; and in our front were vacated, though an occasional the undersigned was also directed to disperse discharge of artillery was heard far to the right. Ten men were furnished by Lieutenant-Colonel H. S. Chetfield, commanding One Hundred and Second New-York veteran volunteers, who were deployed in front of the picket-pits, and, under direction of and accompanied by the Brigade Officer of the Day and the commander, advanced cautiously, and receiving no opposition, entered the advanced works of the enemy at twenty minutes past three A.M. The undersigned immediately despatched a staff-officer to acquaint the Brigadier-General commanding the division with this fact, and ordered the brigade under arms, and the One Hundred and Second NewYork veteran volunteers into the works, and with the ten men advanced on the main line, crossing the flooded fields on the river-bank, and 24th. By order of General Geary, commanding the two dikes separating the fields, and entering division and post, the undersigned was appointthe enemy's main works at forty minutes pasted Provost-Marshal of the west half of the city, three A.M. Another staff-officer was immediate- from Ball street, and the troops of this command ly despatched to communicate this fact to the continued as provost-guard, at which duty they General commanding division, and the brigade are still employed. In justice to the officers and was put into the main line. A strong skirmish-men of this brigade, it is here recorded that they line advanced five hundred yards. The undersigned also placed guards on all the guns found in the enemy's works, from the Augusta road to the river-eleven in number, seven of which were in the advanced work nearest our line. The General commanding division having arrived, further operations were conducted under his direction. After waiting some time for the First and Second brigades of this division to arrive, this brigade was put in motion, and marched through Axley's plantation to the Augusta road, the brigade moving in the following
the riotous crowds of poor whites and negroes,
were the first to discover the evacuation by the enemy of his works, the first to occupy them, the first to enter the city, (the skirmishers of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York vol unteers having entered the city a half-hour in advance of the brigade,) the first to take possession of and guard all the captured ordnance and stores of every kind, in and below the city and in the enemy's works, from the Augusta road to the river, and that they captured the greater part of the prisoners taken, and until half-past eight o'clock A.M., of the twenty-first,
were the only organized body of our troops in the city.
Casualties have been heretofore reported in detail, a summary of which is hereto attached; also a comparative statement of the effective force at the commencement and close of the campaign. Too much cannot be said in praise of the soldierly conduct of the men of this command generally throughout the campaign, and particularly since the occupation of this city, and the officers, with few exceptions, are worthy leaders of the men. Those who constitute the exceptions will not accompany on the next campaign. My personal and departmental staff are hereby mentioned as exceedingly competent and faithful. The distance marched by this command, from the time of leaving Atlanta until the occupation of Savannah, was three hundred and twenty-five miles. Respectfully, your obedient servant, H. A. BARNUM. Colonel One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York volunteers, Commanding Brigade.
Summary of Casualties.-Sixtieth New-York veteran volunteers: Wounded, two commissioned officers; four enlisted men; total, six. One Hundred and Second New-York veteran volunteers: Wounded, one commissioned officer; fourteen enlisted men; missing, one enlisted man; total, sixteen. One Hundred and Thirty-seventh NewYork veteran volunteers: Killed, one enlisted man; wounded, eight enlisted men; missing, four enlisted men; total, thirteen. One Hundred and Forty-ninth New-York veteran volunteers: Wounded, two enlisted men; missing, one enlisted man; total, three. Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania volunteers: Killed, two enlisted men; wounded, one commissioned officer, six enlisted men; total, nine. One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania volunteers: Wounded, one enlisted man. Aggregate: Killed, three; wounded, thirty-nine; missing, six.
Comparative report of effective force: Effective force, September second, 1864, one thousand one hundred and ninety-nine; recruits received during campaign, one hundred and twenty-eight; total, one thousand three hundred and twentyseven. Effective force, December twenty-first, 1864: One thousand four hundred and thirtyfive; increase in effective force, two hundred and thirty-six.
Detailed reports of regimental commanders accompany this report.
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL CHATFIELD'S REPORT. HEADQUARTERS ONE HUNDRED AND SECOND REGIMENT, NEW-YORK VETERAN VOLUNTEER INFANTRY, SAVANNAH, GEORGIA, December 26, 1864. Captain O. T. May, Acting Assistant AdjutantGeneral Third Brigade, Second Division, Twentieth Army Corps:
CAPTAIN: I have the honor respectfully to submit the following report of operations of this regiment, from the time of the occupation of Atlanta, by the Twentieth army corps, to the occupation of Savannah, Georgia, December twenty-first, 1864, dividing the same into two
parts, the first relating to events occurring during our stay in Atlanta, Georgia, and the second to those occurring during the recent campaign through Georgia; and as it will make the same much more simple and brief, by giving it in the form of a diary, I shall adopt that method.
The details of the entry of the regiment into Atlanta have been given in my report of the summer's campaign. After our entry into Atlanta, in accordance with orders received from my brigade commander, I moved the regiment to the rear of a line of works which had been thrown up by the enemy, on the south side of the city, my left resting upon the Macon Railroad, and there laid out a camp. The regiment remained in this camp until the twelfth day of September, 1864, when the position of the brigade was changed to a better locality, nearer the city and about one half (3) mile to the rear of the works, on which place another camp was laid out, this regiment being placed on the left of the brigade. While here, the time was spent in drilling, and preparing the men for an active campaign whenever called upon, and during a considerable portion of the time, the regiment was employed in the construction of the new line of works, then being built about the city.
On the eleventh day of October, 1864, the regiment accompanied a foraging expedition which went from the city, under command of Brigadier-General John W. Geary; left at six A.M., marched about thirteen (13) miles in a south-easterly direction, and bivouacked for the night near South River, at about eight P.M. The next day crossed South-River in charge of a portion of the train, marched about four (4) miles south of the river, filled the wagons with corn and corn-fodder, and returned to the ground occupied the night previous; about seven P.M. bivouacked. Left at seven A.M., and again crossed South-River. Two companies of the regiment were placed across a road, leading in an easterly direction from the one travelled by the trains, to guard against any approach by the enemy in that direction, under command of Captain R. B. Hathaway. Marched about five (5) miles south of the river with the remainder of the regiment, when, after remaining a short time, I was ordered to move back to our camp-ground, and guard fifty (50) wagons filled with forage to that place, which I did, arriving there about two P.M. The same day, at eight P.M., the command started on their return; marched in rear of the first one hundred (100) wagons of the train; about three A.M. of the fourteenth bivouacked. about eight A.M., marched in rear of the first one hundred (100) wagons, and reached the camp of the regiment at Atlanta about noon. No casualties occurred during the expedition.
On the twenty-sixth of October, 1864, the regiment accompanied another expedition, under command of Brigadier-General J. W. Geary. Marched out upon the Decatur road at six A.M.; reaching Decatur, the regiment was separated from the brigade, and formed the advance-guard of the wagon train. Marched about fifteen (15)