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THE author has composed this work under many and severe difficulties. The materials were collected in Richmond, while the author was burdened with the heavy duties of public journalism.

After this explanation, and in the third volume of his work, it is, perhaps, unnecessary for the author to repeat that he has not sought literary ornament, or attempted a high standard of historical composition. He has only designed to make a faithful compendium of events, which will illustrate, for the present, what is most interesting in the American War, and serve as a foundation for future and more enlarged inquiries. It may be that these, his unambitious labors, will be appropriated by others, who will rear upon them a superstructure of their own; but he cherishes the hope that he is not destined to lose to others the benefit of his early records, and that he may, at some future time, be able to compose a work on the American War, worthy of its importance, and its relations to the interests and philosophy of the present generation.


Review of the Battle of Chancellorsville.-Two Defects in the Victory of the Con-

federates." The Finest Army on the Planet."-Analysis of the Victory.-General-

ship of Lee.-Services and Character of the great Confederate Leader.-His Com-

monplaces and his Virtues.-The Situation in Virginia.-Lee's Preparations for the

Summer Campaign.-Hooker to be Maneuvered out of Virginia.-Reorganization of

Lee's Army. The Affair of Brandy Station.-THE CAPTURE OF WINCHESTER.-The

Affair of Aldie's Station.-Lee's Army Crossing the Potomac.-Invasion of Pennsyl-

vania.-Alarm in the North.-Hooker Out-Generalled and Removed.-The Mild

Warfare of the Confederate Invaders.-Southern "Chivalry."-General Lee's Error.

-His Splendid March from Culpepper Court House to Gettysburg.-Feverish Anti-

cipations in Richmond.-THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG.-First Day's Engagement.-

A Regiment of Corpses.-Charge of Gordon's Brigade.-The Nine Mississippi

Heroes.-The Yankees Driven through Gettysburg.-A Fatal Mistake of the Con-

federates.-General Lee's Embarrassments.-THE SECOND DAY.-Cemetery Hill.—

Early's Attack Almost a Success.-Adventure of Wright's Brigade.-THe Third

DAY.-Sublime Terrors of the Artillery.--Heroic and Ever-Memorable Charge of

Pickett's Division on the Heights.-Half a Mile of Shot and Shell.-Pickett's Sup-

ports Fail.-The Recoil.-General Lee's Behavior.-His Greatness in Disaster.-Im-

mense Carnage.-Death of General Barksdale, "the Haughty Rebel."-General Lee's

Retreat. The Affair of Williamsport.-Lee Recrosses the Potomac.-Success of his

Retreat.-Yankee Misrepresentation.-Review of the Pennsylvania Campaign.-Half

of Lee's Plans Disconcerted at Richmond.-Results of the Battle of Gettysburg Ne-

gative.-Lee's Retreat Across the Potomac an Inconsequence.--Disappointment in

Richmond.-The Budget of a Single Day in the Confederate Capital........ Page 13

The Defences of Vicksburg.-Pemberton's Force.-His Troops Reinspirited.-A

Memorable Appeal.-Grant's Assault on the Works.-Confidence of the Yankees.-

Their Repulse and Losses.-Commencement of Siege Operations.-Confidence in

Richmond.-Johnston's Secret Anticipation of the Fall of Vicksburg.--His Alleged

Inability to Avert it.-Critical Condition of the Confederate Armies in Numbers.-

Secret Correspondence of Richmond Officials.-Mr. Seddon's Bait of Flattery.-Suf-

ferings of the Garrison of Vicksburg.-Johnston's Attempt to Extricate them.-Pro-

posed Diversion in the Trans-Mississippi.-Its Failure.--A Message from Pemberton.

A Gleam of Hope.-An Important Despatch Miscarries.-The Garrison Unable to

Fight Their Way Out.-But Their Condition not Extreme.-Pemberton's Surrender

on the Fourth of July.-Surprise in Richmond-Mendacity of the Telegraph.-The

Story of the Rats and Mules.-Pemberton's Statement as to his Supplies.-His Ex-

planation as to the Day of Surrender.-The last Incident of Humiliation.-Behavior

of the Vicksburg Population.-A Rival of "The Beast."-Appearance and Manners

of the City under Yankee Rule.-Consequences of the Fall of Vicksburg.-THE Yan-

KEE REOCCUPATION OF JACKSON.-Johnston's Second Evacuation.-The Enemy's Rav-

ages in Mississippi.-How they Compared with Lee's Civilities in Pennsylvania.—

THE FALL OF PORT HUDSON, &c.--Enemy's Capture of Yazoo City.-THE BATTLE

OF HELENA.--THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI.-Repulse of the Confederates.-Abandonment

of Little Rock.-The Trials and Sufferings of the Trans-Mississippi Department.—

Hindman's Memorable Rule.-Military Autocracy.-The Generous and Heroic Spirit

of the Trans-Mississippi.....


Contrast between our Military Fortunes in the East and in the West.-Some

Reasons for our Success in Virginia.-Her Hearty Co-operation with the Confederate

Authorities. Her Contributions to the War.-General Bragg's Situation in Tennes-

see.-Confederate criticisms on General Rosecrans.-Opinion of the "Chattanooga

Rebel."-An Extensive Movement Contemplated by Rosecrans.-Bragg's Retreat to

Chattanooga.-The Yankees on a Double Line of Operations.-Buckner's Evacuation

of Knoxville. THE SURRENDER OF CUMBERLAND GAP.-President Davis's Comment

on the Surrender.-THE BATTLES OF CHICKAMAUGA.-Braggs' Evacuation of Chatta-

nooga. Topography of the Battle-field.-Thomas's Column of Yankees in McLemore's

Cove.-Disobedience of Orders by Lieutenant-general Hill of the Confederates.-

Bragg's Orders to Lieutenant-general Polk.-Two Opportunities Lost.

Bragg's Secret and Official Report of the Miscarriage of His Plans.-The First Day's

Engagement on the Chickamauga.-Second Day.-General Polk's Fight on our

Right.-Longstreet's Successful Attack on the Left.-The Grand Charge.-Rout of

the Enemy.-Longstreet's Message to Bragg.-Forrest Up a Tree.-Bragg Declines to

Pursue. His Hesitation and Error.-His Movement upon Chattanooga.-Boast of

Rosecrans. An Empty Victory for the Confederates.-Bragg's Awkward Pause.-

Discussions of the Campaign.-His Supposed Investment of Chattanooga.-Two

Blunders of the Confederate Commander.-Chickamauga a Second Edition of Bull

Run. Note: Observations of a General Officer of the Confederate States Army on

the Campaign in the West...
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