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the same favor in your columns afforded to Major Cabot, to correct what you have published, and to say that we repudiate the statement Mr. has assumed to make in our behalf. We do this because this statement refers to a matter entirely between Major Cabot and his accuser, with which we have nothing to do; because there is no occasion on our part for explanation—still less for sentiment-in a matter for which we are not responsible and with which we have nothing to do; and because-solely from our self-respect, without reference to the merits or demerits of the case in hand, without design either to cast an injurious reflection upon Major Cabot, or to bestow a eulogy upon him-we are so far sensible of the delicacy of our position as prisoners that we cannot see the propriety of our interfering as volunteers in a newspaper controversy, making ourselves the uncalled for panegyrists of any man, and putting our selves unnecessarily and indecorously before an invidious public.
JOHN W. CAREY, C. s. N.
JAMES MCLEOD, C. 8. A.
Jos. M. HERTWOOD, C. 8. N.
JOSEPH LEACH, New Orleans, La.
EDW'D A. POLLARD.
W. B. MICON, ASST. PAY'R, C. S. N.
E. H. BROWNE, c. s. n.
J. A. G. WILLIAMSON, C. S. N.
THOMAS MARR, Mobile, Ala.
The unpleasant occurrences of to-day have recalled some questions which have frequently been present to my mind, with respect to the proper behavior of men who occupy the
unfortunate, and, in many senses, trying and delicate position of prisoners of war. It is certainly just and becoming that prisoners should recognize the kindness and courtesy of those who keep them; but this must be done in a proper way, and on a proper occasion, certainly not by the disgusting methods of a puff, or for the selfish and contemptible gain of the enemy's favor. Justice can be done even to an enemy, and it is only a base spirit that has recourse to falsehood and libel for its miserable revenge.
I think it is Rousseau, in his "Confessions," who tells of some person who, after breaking with a friend, went through the community, announcing: "Listen neither to this person nor myself, when speaking of each other; for we are no longer friends." The Frenchman claims this as magnanimous. Not So. A candid and honorable person can fulfil exactly and severely the obligations of truth to all men, and the confession that he and his enemy are equally disreputable in their statements, lowers him to the standard of that enemy, whatever it' may be.
In these pages, I have made it a point to recognize whatever kindness has been shown me, although I have had no occasion to intrude such things into Yankee newspapers.
My own conception of the proper behavior of one in the condition of a prisoner of war is, that he should consult the dignity of his country, keep aloof from all unnecessary conversation or contact with his enemy, and preserve a simple severity of manner, which, while guarding against any appearance of subserviency, equally avoids the imputation of an unmannerly insolence. For I have perceived that there are two extremes to be shunned in the behavior of prisoners. One is toadyism. The other, and not less contemptible, is that braggadocio or swagger which affects to be patriotic spirit; but, in the condition of a prisoner, and under the protection which that affords, is really nothing more than a display of venturesome cowardice and native vulgarity. It is not necessary, for a prisoner to show his "Southern spirit," that he should quarrel with corporals and orderlies, and make insolent speeches to the officers who are put over him. Such a course invites insult and betrays the qualities which pocket it with indiffer
In medio tutissimus ibis. The prisoner of war must recognize himself as in the temporary power of his enemy, and make a becoming submission. But, on the other hand, he must never omit to be sensible of the dignity of his country and himself, or forget to moderate his civility with the considerations of self-respect and propriety.
JOURNAL NOTES RESUMED.-Protest to Lord Lyons.-"Peace Negotiations."-Comforting Words of a Boston Lady.
JULY 20.-I have ended my affair with Lord Lyons. I received to-day his reply to a letter I wrote him some days ago, and have rejoined, which, I suppose, concludes this vexatious correspondence. Copies of all three letters are annexed, and I shall spare myself any commentary upon them in my journal.
IN PRISON, AT FORT WARREN, BOSTON HARBOR,
July 11, 1864. LORD LYONS, Envoy Extraordinary, &c., for Her Britannic Majesty, near Washington, D. C.:
MY LORD: Will you please inform me what results have been reached, or proceedings taken by Her Majesty's Government, with reference to my application for release from this prison, by virtue of the protection of the British flag, under which I was taken on the high seas.
I was brought here from a sick bed, at an hour's notice, and have been afflicted in my confinement with partial paralysis; and I am sure that this much said of the extremity of my situation, will be sufficient to acquit me of importunity in again seeking at the hands of your Lordship a termination of my sufferings.
I have the honor, &c., your obedient servant,
EDWD. A. POLLARD.
BRITISH LEGATION, WASHINGTON, July 17, 1864. SIR: Your letter of the 11th instant reached me yesterday. In reply to the question which you ask, I have to inform you that I received yesterday afternoon the answer of Her Majesty's Government to the Despatches which I addressed to them on the subject of the capture of the Greyhound, and in which I inclosed copies of your letters to me.
The general instructions of Her Majesty's Government preclude my interfering without special orders from them, in behalf of American citizens captured on board British vessels, seized for breach of blockade; and as Her Majesty's Government have not, on the present occasion, ordered me to interfere in your behalf, it is, of course, my duty to abstain from doing so. I am, Sir, your obedient servant,
EDWARD A. POLLARD, Esq., Fort Warren, Boston.
FORT WARREN, BOSTON HARBOR, July 22, 1864. LORD LYONS, Envoy Extraordinary for Her Britannic Majesty, near Washington, D. C.:
MY LORD: I thank you for your courtesy in replying to my different letters. I have, of course, no further claim to make upon it in that regard. But it is not improper that I should express a respectful dissent from the conclusion you have reached, and inform you that whenever released from prison, I shall prefer to the Home Government of Her Majesty a formal claim for indemnity for a damaging and cruel imprisonment, to which I consider I have been subjected by the failure to obtain that protection under a neutral flag, which was due to me under the law of nations and that of humanity.
I cannot concede, what is certainly a novel and inhuman doctrine in international law, that a passenger on a British vessel which has broken the blockade, is so tainted in the breach of blockade that he may be taken on the high seas, under the neutral flag, as human prize by his enemy. If, as I am left to understand, my Lord, this is the position of your Government, it follows that it assents to a system of Kidnapping under its flag on the high seas, and establishes against itself an astounding PRECEDENT. For if I, a passenger, was a legal prize on the Greyhound, then the British passenger in the same circumstances is equally so, being no more protected by the British flag on the high seas than I should be, myself; and if, in these same circumstances, the Englishman does not share my fate, but is absolved by diplomatic intercession, this is the