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Question I. VHAT is the chief and highest end
of man? Ans. Man's chief and highest end is to glorify God (a), and fully to enjoy him forever (b).
R. 2. How doth it appear that there is a God ?
A. 2. The very light of nature in man, and the works of God, declare plainly that there is a God (c); but his word and Spirit only do, sufficiently and effectually, reveal him unto men for their salvation (d).
ra) Rom. 11. 36. For of him, declare the glory of God ; and the and throughi him, and to him are firmament sheweth his handy all things; to whom be glory for work. Day unto day uttereth ever, Amen. 1 Cor. 10.31. When speech, and night unto night ther therefore ye eat or drink, or sheweth knowledge. There is no whatsoever ye do, do all to the speech nor language, where their glory of God.
voice is not heard. (6) Psal. 73. 24, 25. Thou (d) 1 Cor. 2. 9, 10. But as it shalt guide me with thy counsel, is written, eye hath not seen, nor and afterwards receive me to glo- ear heard, neither have entered ry.- Whom have l in heaven but into the heart of man, the things thee? And there is none upon which God hath prepared for earth that I desire besides thee. them that love him. “But God John 17. 24. Father, I will that hath rerealed them unto us by they also whom thou hast given his Spirit: for the Spirit searchme be with me where I am ; that eth all things, yea the deep things they may behold my glory which of God. 2 Tim. 3. 15, 16, 17. And thou hast given me.
that from a child thou hast known (c) Rom. 1. 19, 20. Because the holy scriptures, which are able that which may be known of God to make thee wise unto salvation, is manifest in them; for God through faith which is in Christ hath shewed it unto them. For Jesus. All scripture is given by the invisible things of him from inspiration of Gol, and is profit. the creation of the world are able for doctrine, for reproof, for clearly seen, being understood by correction, for instruction in righthe things that are made, even teousness : that the man of God lis eternal power and Godhearl ; may be perfect, thoroughly fur 60 that they are without excuse. nished into all good works. Y'salın 19. 1, 2, 3. The heavens
Q. 3. What is the word of God?
A. The holy scriptures of the old and new testament are the word of God (e), the only rule of faith and obedience (f)
Q. 4. How doth it appear that the scriptures are the word of God?
A. The scriptures manifest themselves to be the word of God, by their majesty (g), and purity (h); by the consent of all the parts (i), and the scope of the whole, which is to give all glory to God (k); by their light and power to convince and convert sinners, to comfort and build up believers unto salvation (1). But the spirit of God, bearing witness by and with the scriptures in the heart of man, is alone able fully to persuade it that they are the very word of God (m).
(e) 2. Tim. 3. 16. All scrip- sion of sins. Acts 26. 22. Having ture is given by inspiration of therefore obtained help of God, I God. 2 Tim. 3. 21. For the pro- continue unto this day, witnessing phecy came not in old time by both to small and great, saying The will of man : but holy men none other things than those of God spake as they were moved which the prophets and Moses by the Holy Ghost.
did say should come. (f) Isai. 8. 20. To the law k) Rom. 3. 19.
Now we and to the testimony: if they know. that what things soever the speak not according to this word, law saith, it saith to them who are it is because there is no light in under the law : that every mouth them. Gal. 1. 8. But though we, may be stopped, and all the world or an angel from hearen, preach may become guilty before God. any other gospel unto you than v. 27. Where is boasting then ? that which we have preached un- it is excluded. By what law ? af to you, let him be acoursed. works? Nay; but by the law of
5) Hos. 8. 12. I have writ- faith. ten to him the great things of (1) Psalm 19. 7,8. The law my law, but they were counted of ihe Lord is perfect, converting as a strange thing. Psal. 119. 129. the soul : the testimony of the Thy testimonies are wonderful : Lord is sure, making wise the therefore doth my soul keep simple. The statutes of the Lord them.
are right, rejoicing the heart: the ch) Psal. 12. 6. The words commandment of the Lord is of the Lord are pure words : as pure, enlightening the eyes. Acts silver tried in a furnace of earth 20. 32. And now, brethren, I purified seven times. Psalm 119. commend you to God, and to the 140. Thy word is very pure. word of his grace, which is able
(Acts 10. 43. To him give to build you up, and to give you all the prophets witness, that an inheritance among all them through his name, whosoever be which are sanctified. lieveth in him shall receive remis- (m) Jolin 16. 13. Howbeit,
Q. 5. What do the scriptures principally teach?
A. The scriptures principally teach, what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man (n). when he the Spirit of truth is Ghost, and in much assurance. come, he will guide you into all (n) John 20. 31. But these truth : for he shall not speak of are written, that ye might believe himself; but whatsoever he shall that Jesus is the Christ, the Son hear, that shall he speak : and he of God, and that believing ye will shew you things to come. 1 might have life through his name. Thess. 1. 5. For our Gospel came Psalm 119. 105. Thy word is a not unto you in word only, but lamp unto my feet, and a light also in power, and in the Holy unto my path.
WHAT MAN OUGHT TO BELIEVE CONCERNING GOD.
Q. 6. What do the scriptures make known of God ?
A. The scriptures make known what God is (o), the persons in the Godhead (P), his decrees (9), and the execution of his decrees (r). | Q. 7. What is God?
A. God is a Spirit (s), in and of himself infinite in being (t), glory (v), blessedness (r), and perfection (x);
ro) Heb. 11. 6. But without fore to be done. faith it is impossible to please (8) John 4. 24.
God is a him : for he that cometh to God Spirit. must believe that he is, and that rt) Job 11. 7. Canst thou by he is a rewarder of them that searching find out God? Canst diligently seek him.
thou find out the Almighty unto P) i John 5. 7. For there are perfection ? v. 8. It is as high as three that bear record in heaven, heaven, what canst thou do? the Father, the Word, and the deeper than hell, what canst thou Holy Ghost : and these three are know ? v.9. The measure there.
of is longer than the earth, and (9) Acts 15. 18. Known un- broader than the sea. to God are all his works from the
(0) Acts 7. 2. The God of beginning of the world.
glory appeared unto our father (r) Acts 4. 27, 28. For of a Abraham. truth, against thy holy child Jesus, (w) 1 Tim. 6. 15. The bles. whom thou hast anointed, both sed and only Potentate, the King Herod and Pontius Pilate, with of kings, and Lord of lords. the Gentiles and the people of ( x ) Mat. 5. 48. Be ye thereIsrael, were gathered together, fore perfect, even as your Fafor to do whatsoever thy hand ther which is in heaven is per. and thy counsel determined be, fect.“
all-sufficient(y), eternal (2), unchangeable (a), incomprehensible (b), every where present (c), almighty (d), knowing all things (e), most wise (f), most holy (g), most just (h), most merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth (i).
Q. 8. Are there more Gods than one ?
A. There be three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one true, eternał God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory; although distinguished by their personal properties (1).
Cy) Gen. 17. 1. I am the Al- only wise, be glory through Jesus mighty God; walk before me, Christ for ever, Amen. and be thou perfect.
(g) Isa. 6. 3. And one cried (z) Psal. 90. 2. Before the unto another, and said, Holy, mountains were brought forth, or holy, holy, is the Lord of hosts, ever thou hadst formed the earth the whole earth is full of his gloand the world : even from ever- ry. lasting to everlasting, thou art Ch) Deut. 32. 4. He is the God.
rock, his work is perfect ; for all ra) Mal. 3. 6. For I am the his ways are judgment: a God Lord, I change not.
of truth, and without iniquity, (O) 1 Kings 8. 27. But will just and right is he. God indeed dwell on the earth ? (i) Exod. 34. 6. And the Lord Behold, the heaven, and the hea- passed by before him, and proven of heavens cannot contain claimed, the Lord, the Lord God, thee ; how much less this house merciful and gracious, long sufthat I have builded.
fering, and abundant in goodness (C) Psal. 139. 1. 13. O Lord, and truth. thou hast searched me and known (kDeut. 6. 4. Hear, O Israel, me : Thou knowest my down-sit- The Lord our God is one Lord. ting, and mine up-rising, thou un- Jer. 10. 10. But the Lord is the derstandest my thoughts afar off, true God; he is the living God, &c. Whither shall I
from thy and an everlasting King. Spirit ? or whither shall I flee n) 1 John 5.7. For there are from thy presence, &c.
three that bear record in heaven, (d) Rev. 4. 8. Holy, holy, thic Father, the Word, and the holy, Lord God Almighty, which Holy Ghost : and these three are was, and is, and is to come. one. Mat. 28. 19. Go ye there
re) Heb. 4. 13. Neither is fore and teach all nations, baptizthere any creature that is not ing them in the name of the Famanifest in his sight; but all ther, and of the Son, and of the things are naked and opened unto Holy Ghost. 2 Cor. 13. 14. The the eyes of him with whom we grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, have to do.
and the love of God, and the com(f) Rem, 16. 27. To God munion of the Holy Ghost, be Q. 10. What are the personal properties of the three persons in the Godhead?
A. It is proper to the Father to beget the Son (m), and to the Son to be begotten of the Father (n), and to the Holy Ghost to proceed from the Father and the Son from all eternity (0).
Q. 11. How doth it appear that the Son and the Holy Ghost are God, equal with the Father ?
A. The scriptures manifest that the Son and the Holy Ghost are God, equal with the Father, ascribing unto them such names (p), attributes (9), works (r), with you all, Amen. John 10.30. God is come, and hath given us I and my Father are one. an understanding that we may
(m) Heb. 1.5. For unto which know him that is true : and we of the angels said he at any time, are in him that is true, even in Thou art my Son, this day have I his son Jesus Christ. This is the begotten thee? And again, I will true God, and eternal life. Acts be to him a Father, and he shall 5. 3, 4. But Peter said, Ananias, be to me a Son.
why hath Satan filled thine heart (1) John 1. 14. And the word to lie to the Holy Ghost? Why was made flesh, and dwelt among hast thou conceived this thing in us, (and we beheld his glory, the thine heart? Thou hast not lied glory as of the only begotten of unto men, but unto God. the Father) full of grace and (9) Isa. 9. 6. For unto us a truth.
child is born, unto us a Son is () John 15. 26. But when the given, and the government shall Comforter is come, whom I will be upon his shoulder; and his send unto you from the Father, name shall be called Wonderful, even the Spirit of truth, which Counsellor, The mighty God, proceedeth from the Father, he The everlasting Father, Thé shall testify of me. Gal. 4. 6. And Prince of Peace. John 2. 24. because ye are sons, God hath But Jesus did not commit himself sent forth the Spirit of his Son unto them, because he knew all into your hearts, crying, Abba, men. 1 Cor. 2. 10. But God hath Father.
revealed them unto us by his Spi(p) Isa. 6. 3, 5. And one cried rit: for the Spirit searcheth all unto another, and said, Holy,holy, things, yea the deep things of God. holy is the Lord of hosts, the (r) Col. 1. 16. For by him whole earth is full of his glory. were all things created that are Then said I, wo is me, for I am in heaven, and that are in earth, undone, because I am a man of visible and invisible, whether they unclean lips, and I dwell in the be thrones, or dominions, or prinmidst of a people of unclean lips: cipalities, or powers : all things for mine eyes have seen the King, were created by him, and for the Lord of hosts. Compared with him. Gen. 1. 2. And the earth John 12. 41. se things said was without form and void ; and Esaias, when he saw his glory, darkness was upon the face of the and spake of him. 1 John 5. 20. deep : and the Spirit of God morAnd we know that the Son of ed upon the face of the waters. ,