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ourselves (x), our brethren (y), yea, our enemies (z); and for all sorts of men living (a), or that shall live hereafter (b); but not for the dead (C), nor for those that are known to have sinned the sin unto death (d). Q. 184. For what things are we to pray

? A. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God (e), the welfare of the church (f), our own (g) or others' good (h): but not for any thing that is unlawful (i). Q. 185. How are we to pray

? A. We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God (k), and deep sense of our own unwor

ing also for us, that God would me, that the child may live ? But open unto us a cloor of utterance, now he is dead, wherefore should to speak the mystery of Christ, I fast ? can I bring him back again? for which I am also in bonds. I shall go to him, but he shall not

(x) Gen. 32. 11. Deliver nie, return to me. I pray thee, from the hand of my (d) 1 John 5. 16. If any man brother, from the hand of Esau : see his brother sin a sin which is for I fear him, lest he will come not unto death, he shall ask; and and smite me, and the mother he shall give him life for them with the children.

that sin not unto death. There is (y) James 5. 16. Confess your a sin unto death : I do not say faults one to another, and pray that he shall pray for it! one for another, that ye may be (e) Mat. 6. 9. After this man. healed : The effectual fervent ner therefore pray ye : Our Faprayer of a righteous inan avail. ther which art in beavou, Halloweth much.

ed be thy name. (z) Mat. 5. 44. But I

say (1) Psal. 51. 18. Do good in unto you, Love your enemies, thy good pleasure unto Zion: huild bless them that curse you, do good thou the walls of Jerusalem. Psal. to them that hate you, and pray 122. 6. Pray for the peace of for them which despitefully use Jerusalem : they shall prosper you, and persecute you.

that love thee. ra) 1 Timothy 2. 1, 2. (See (5) Mat. 7. 11. If ye then, above in v.)

being evil, know how to give good (6) John' 17. 20. Neither pray gifts unto your children, liow much I for these alone, but for the more shall your Father which is also which shall belicve on nie in laeaven give good things to them through their word.

that ask him ? (c) 2 Sam. 12. 21-23. Then (h) Psal. 125. 4. Do goo!, said his servants unto him, What Lord, unto those that be good, and thing is this that thou hast done? to them that are upright in their thou didst fast and weep for the hearts. child while it was alive, but when (i) 1 John 5. 14. And this is the child was dearl, thou didst rise the confidence that we have in and eat bread. And he said, while him, that if we ask any thing acthe child was yet alive, I fasted cording to his will, he hcareth us. and wept, for I said, Who can tell (k) Eccl. 5. 1. Keep thy foot whether God will be gracious to when thou goest to the house of

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thiness (1), necessities (m), and sins (n); with penitent(o), thankful (P), and enlarged hearts (9); with understanding (r), faith (s), sincerity (t), fervency (v), love (), and perseverance (x), waiting upon him (y) with humble submission to his will (2).

Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer?

A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in

God, and be more ready to hear, then? I will pray with the spirit, than to give the sacrifice of fools: and I will pray with the underfor they consider not that they do standing also. evil.

(8) Mark 11. 24. Therefore (1) Gen. 18. 27. And Abraham I say unto you, What things soanswered and said, Behold, now, ever ye desire when ye pray, beI have taken upon me to speak lieve that ye receive them, and ye unto the Lord, which am but dust shall have them. James 1. 6. But and ashes.

let him ask in faith, nothing wa(m) Luke 15. 17. And when vering: for he that wavereth is he came to himself, he said, How like a wave of the sea, driven with many hired servants of my father's the wind,

and tossed. have bread enough and to spare, (t) Psal. 145. 18. The Lord and I perish with hunger! is nigh unto all them that call up

(!) Luke 18. 13. And the on him, to all that call upon him in publican, standing afar off, would truth. Psalms 17. 1. Hear the not lift up so much as his eyes right, O Lord, attend unto my unto heaven, but smote upon his cry, give ear unto my prayer that breast, saying, God be merciful to goeth not out of feigned lips. me a sinner.

ro) James 5. 18. The effec. (0) Psal. 51. 17. The sacrifi- tual fervent prayer of a righteous ces of God are a broken spirit: man availeth much. a broken and a contrite heart, O (w) 1 Timn. 2. 8. I will, there. God, thou wilt not despise. fore, that men pray every where,

(0) Phil. 4. 6. Be careful for lifting up, holy hands, without nothing: but in every thing by wrath and doubting. prayer and supplication, with ( x ) Eph. 6. 18. Praying althanksgiving, let your requests be ways with all prayer and supplimade known unto God.

cation in the Spirit, and watching (q) 1 Sam. 1. 15. And Han- thereunto with all perseverance, nah answered and said, No, my and supplication for all saints. Lord, I am a woman of a sorrow- ry) Micah 7. 7. Therefore I ful spirit: I have drunk neither will look unto the Lord : I will wine nor strong drink, but have wait for the God of my salvation : poured out ny soul before the my God will hear me. Lord. 1 Sam. 2. 1. And Hannah (z) Mat. 26. 39. And he prayed, and said, My heart re- went a little further, and fell on joiceth the Lord, mine horn is his face, and prayed, saying, O exalted in the Lord : my mouth my Father, if it be possible, let is enlarged over mine enemies; this cup pass from me: neverthebecause I rejoice in thy salvation. less, not as I will, but as thou

fr) 1 Cor. 14. 15. "What is it wilt.

the duty of prayer (a); but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called, The Lord's Prayer (b).

Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used ?

A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern according to which we are to make other prayers, but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer (c).

Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer consist?

A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion.

Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?

A. The preface of the Lord's prayer, contained in these words, Our Father which art in Heaven (d), teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest therein (e); with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions (f), heavenly affections (8), and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension (h): as also, to pray with and for others (i).

(a) 1 John 5. 14. And this is but ye have received the spirit of the confidence that we have in adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, him, that if we ask any thing ac- Father. cording to his will, he heareth us. (f) Isa. 64. 9. Be not wroth

(6) Mat. 6. vers. 9–13. After very sore, O Lord, neither re. this manner therefore pray ye: member iniquity for ever; behold, Our Father, &c. Luke 11. vers. see, we beseech thee, we are all 2, 3, 4. And he said unto them, thy people. When ye pray, say,

Our Father, (8) Psal. 123. 1. Unto thee &c.

lift I up mine eyes, 0 thou that (c) Mat. 6. 9. Compared with dwellest in the heavens. Lam. 3. Luke 11, 2. (See above, in letter 41. Let us lift up our heart with b.)

our hands unto God in the rd) Matthew 6. 9.

heavens. re) Luke 11. 13. If ye then, (h) Isa. 63, 15, 16. Look down being evil, know how to give good from heaven, and behold from gifts unto your children ; how the habitation of thy holiness and much more shall your heavenly of thy glory : where is thy zeal Father give the holy Spirit to and thy strength, the sounding of them that ask him ? Rom. 8. 15. thy bowels, and of thy mercies toFor ye have not received the wards me? are they restrained ? pirit of bondage again to fear: Doubtless thou art our Father,

Q. 190. What do we pray for in the first petition

A. In the first petition, (which is, Hollowed be thy name (k), acknowledging the utter inability and indisposition that is in ourselves and all men to honour God aright (?), we pray that God would by his grace enable and incline us and others to know, to acknowledge, and bighly to esteem him (m), his titles (n), attributes (0), ordinances, word (P), works, and whatsoever he is pleased to make himself known by (9); and to glorify him in thought, word (r), and deed (8): that he would prevent and remove Atheism (t), ignorance (v), idolatry (w), profaneness (x), and whatsoever is dishonour

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though Abraham be ignorant of will extol thec, my God, O King, us, and Israel acknowledge_us &c. Psal. 8, throughout. O Lord, not: thou, O Lord, art our Fa- our Lord, how excellent is thy ther, our Redeemer ; thy name is name in all the earth! &c. from everlasting.

(?) Psal. 103. 1. Bless the ri) Acts 12. 5. Peter there. Lord, O my soul : and all that is fore was kept in prison : but pray- within me, bless his holy name. er was made, without ceasing, of (8) Phil. 1. 9. 11. And this I 'the church unto God for him.

pray, that your love may abound (k) Matthew 6. 9.

yet more and more in knowledge, N) 2 Cor. 3. 5. Not that we and in all judgment; Being filled are sufficient of ourselves to think with the fruits of righteousness, any thing as of ourselves : but our which are by Jesus Christ unto sufficiency is of God.

the glory and praise of God. (m) Psal. 67. 2, 3. That thy (t) Psalms 67. 1, 2. God be way may be known upon earth, merciful unto us, and bless us ; thiy saving health among all na- and cause his face to shine upon cions. Let the people praise thee, us. That thy way may be known O God ; let all the people praise upon earth, thý saving health thee.

among all nations. (n) Peal. 83. 18. That men (v) Eph. 1. 17, 18. That the may know, that thou, whose name God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the alone is JEHOVAH, art the Most Father of Glory, may give unto High over all the earth.

you the Spirit of wisdom and reo) Peal. 86. 10. For thou art velation in the knowledge of him : great, and dost wondrous things : The eyes of your understanding thou art God alone.

being enlightened ; that ye may CP) 2 Thess. 3. 1. Finally, know what is the hope of his calbrethren, pray for us, that the ling, and what the riches of the word of the Lord may have free glory of his inheritance in the course, and be glorified even as it saints. is with you. Psal. 147. 19. He (w) Psal. 97. 7. Confounded sheweth his word unto Jacob, his be all they that serve graven statutes and his judgments unto images, that boast themselves of Israel.

idols : worship him, all ye gods. (9) Psal. 145, throughout. I (x) Psal. 74. 18. Remember

able to him (y), and, by his over-ruling providence, direct and dispose of all things to his own glory (z).

Q. 191. What do we pray for in the second petition ?

A. In the second petition, which is, Thy kingdom come (a), acknowledging ourselves, and all mankind, to be by nature under the dominion of sin and Satan (b), we pray, that the kingdom of sin and Satan may be destroyed (c), the gospel propagated throughout the world (d), the Jews called (e), the fulness of the Gentiles brought in (f); the church furnished with all gospel-officers and ordinances (g), purged from corruption (h),

this, 'that the enemy hath re- tivity captive : thou hast received proached, O Lord, and that the gifts for men; yea, for the rebelfoolish people have blasphemed bous also, that the Lord God thy name.

migbt dwell among them. ry) 2 Kings 19. 15, 16, And (d) 2 Thess. 3. 1. Finally, Hezekiah prayed before the Lord, brethren, pray for us, that the and said, O Lord God of Israel, word of the Lord may have free which dwellest between the che course, and be glorified even as it rubims, thou art the God, even is with you. thou alone, of all the kingdoms re) Rom. 10. 1. Brethren, of the earth, thou hast made hea- my heart's desire and prayer to ven and earth. Lord, bow down God for Israel is, that they might thine ear, and hear: open, Lord, be saved. thine eyes, and see; and hear the (f) John 17. 9. 20. words of Sennacherib, wlich hath for them : I pray not for the sent him to reproach the living world, but for them which thou God.

hast given me; for they are thine. (2) 2 Chron. 20. 6. And (Je. Neither pray I for these alone, hoshaphat) said, O Lord God of but for them also which shall be our fathers, art not thou God in lieve on me through their word. heaven? and rulest not thou over (8) Matthew 9. 38. Pray ye, all the kingdoms of the heathen therefore, the Lord of the harvest and in thine hand is there not that he will send forth labourers power and might, so that none is into his harvest. 2 Thess. 3. 1. able to withstand thee?

Finally, brethren, pray for us, (a) Matthew 6. .

that the word may

I pray

2 Mah. m. : 10wherein

, in have free course, and be glorified

time past, ye walked according to even as it is with you. the course of this world, according (h) Mal. 1. 11. For from the to the prince of the power of the rising of the sun even unto the air, the spirit that now worketh going down of the same, my name in the children of disobedience. shall be great among the Gentiles,

(c) Psal. 68. 1. 18. Let God and in every place incense shall arise, let his enemies be scatter- be offered unto my name, and a ed: let them also that hate him, pure offering ; for my name shall flee before him. Thou hast as. be great among the heathen, saith cended on high, thou hast led cap- the Lord of hosts.

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