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rival in this city, received notices warning them not to return home. We have omitted the relation of acts of ferocity and barbarism too horrible to relate. We submit to the impartial judgment of the American people, if these State governments, thus ruled by a disunion oligarchy, and based on the political disfranchisement of three millions of colored citizens, and the social disfranchisement of the entire loyal white citizens, are republican in form. Of doubtful legal existence, they are undoubtedly despotic, and despotic in the interests of treason, as we of the South know but too well.

"We affirm that the loyalists of the South look to Congress, with affectionate gratitude and confidence, as the only means to save us from persecution, exile, and death itself. And we also declare that there can be no security for us and our children, there can be no safety for the country, against the fell spirit of slavery, now organized in the form of serfdom, unless the Government, by national and appropriate legislation, enforced by national authority, shall confer on every citizen in the States we represent the American birthright of impartial suffrage, and equality before

the law.

"This is the one all-sufficient remedy. This is our great need and pressing necessity. This is the only policy which will destroy sectionalism, by bringing into effective power a preponderating force on the side of loyalty. It will lead to an enduring pacification, because based on the eternal principles of justice. It is a policy which finally will regenerate the South itself, because it will introduce and establish there a divine principle of moral politics, which, under God's blessing, will, in elevating humanity, absorb and purify the unchristian hate and selfish passions of men."

According to the Constitution. if two-thirds of the members of each house of Congress agree upon any amendments, those amendments shall be submitted to the approval of the several States. If three-fourths of these accept them, they become a part of the Constitution. The views of a large majority in both houses of Congress were not in harmony with those of the President. Congress took the ground, that, before the rebellious States should be allowed to assume their former privileges in the councils of the nation, certain guaranties should be exacted of them as a protection for the Union men of the South, and to protect the nation from the repetition of so terrible a wrong.

With this view, they presented to the States Terms of Reconstruction, to be adopted as constitutional amendments. Whatever may be thought of the policy or the impolicy of these terms, their wonderful leniency no man can deny. The Rebellion was a terrible fact, as terrible as earth has ever known. It cost thousands of millions of money, and hundreds of thousands of lives, and an amount of misery, of life-long destitution and woe, which never can be gauged. A greater crime was never perpetrated. Its responsibility lies somewhere.

If we regard it as merely a combination of individual citizens, then these insurgents merit severe punishment on the charge of treason and rebellion. If we regard it as an international war between the United-States Government and independent Confederate States, then is the victorious Government entitled to the rights of a conqueror as defined by the laws of war. Prussia annihilates the governments of the provinces and the kingdoms she has conquered, and compels them to pay the expenses of the war; and not a cabinet in Europe utters a word of remonstrance.

With magnanimity never before in the history of the world manifested towards a vanquished enemy, the National Government calls for no punishment in the dungeon or on the scaffold, for no conscription or exile, for no political or personal servitude depriving States or individuals of any of their rights: it simply requires a few easy terms as a slight security against another war. These terms are as follows:

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two thirds of both houses concurring), That the following article be proposed to the legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States; which, when ratified by three-fourths of said legislatures, shall be valid as part of the Constitution; namely:

ART. 1, SECT. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and the States wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or happiness, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

SECT. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons, excluding Indians not taxed. But whenever the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and VicePresident, representatives in Congress, executive and judicial officers, or members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twentyone years of age in such State.

SECT. 3. — That no person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of Pres. ident and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of

any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid and comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each house, remove such disabilities.

SECT. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims, shall be held illegal and void.

SECT. 5.- The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legislation the provisions of this article.

This amendment allows each State to decide who of its citizens shall enjoy the right to vote; but it declares that those who are not allowed to vote shall not be counted in the basis of representation. If any State chooses to limit the elective franchise to a favored few, it can do so; but that privileged few are not to have their power augmented by representing large bodies of citizens who are permitted no voice in the selection of their representation. But for this provision, a rebel voter in South Carolina would represent a power in national affairs equal to any two loyal voters in New York. With slavery re-instituted under the guise of serfdom, and with their representation in Congress greatly increased, by counting in their basis of representation each serf as a man, the rebel States would have gained by the conflict in political power.

These terms of reconstruction appeared, to many, moderate and conciliatory in the extreme, and as the very least, which, in justice to its patriotic Southern defenders and the future safety of the country, the nation could accept. But those who were in sympathy with the Rebellion declared them to be "too degrading and humiliating to be entertained by a freeman for a single instant." President Johnson opposes them. Congress advocates them. The conflict agitates the nation. What the result will be, time only can tell. We must wait until the close of President Johnson's administration before it can be decided with what reputa tion his name shall descend to posterity.

Never was there so brilliant a career opening before any nation as is now opening before the United States of America, if we will but do justice; if we will but be true to our own principles of "equal rights for all men;" if we will but inscribe upon our banner "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity." Then shall the song rise from all our hills and vales, and be echoed back from the skies, "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will towards men."


ADAMS, JOHN. His birth, 57. His noble am-
bition, 59. His true heroism, 63. His in-
cessant labors, 67. Goes to Europe, 73. His
integrity, 78. Second visit to Europe, 79.
His wonderful exertions, 83. His first inter-
view with George III., 85. Elected Vice-
President, 88. Inaugurated President, 92.
Opposes the British right of search, 93.
His death and character, 96. His opinion
of Thomas Jefferson, 104.

ADAMS, MRS. JOHN, expresses a truly noble
sentiment, 81. Joins her husband in Eu-
rope, 84. Her appearance when seventy
years old, 94.
ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY. His birth and child-
hood, 185. Graduates at Harvard College,
and studies law, 187. Chosen to United-
States Senate, 189. Alienated from his par-
ty, 191. Minister to Russia, 192. Minister
to England, 194. Elected President, 195.
Sent to Congress, 198. His eloquence, 199.
His scathing reply to T. F. Marshall, 204.
His death, 206.
ADMINISTRATION of John Quincy Adams, 195.
AGGRESSIONS of England, 135.
ALEXANDER OF RUSSIA receives John Quincy

Adams with marked favor, 192. Offers to
mediate in our war with England, 193.
ANECDOTES. Of Washington, 12, 40, 53, 54.
John Adams, 57. Franklin and Adams, 69.
Jefferson and his bride, 102. Lafayette, 117.
Mrs. James Madison, 156. President Madi-
son, 167. President Monroe, 182. Russian
officers, 192. Warren R. Davis, 198. Andrew
Jackson, 214, 215, 217, 225. Mrs. James K.
Polk and Henry Clay, 288. Gen. Kearney
and an Indian chief, 308. Gen. Z. Taylor,
312. Gen. Pierce, 346. Abraham Lincoln,
378, 381, 385, 390, 420-428. Gov. Andrew
Johnson, 448.

APPEAL from loyal men from all States of the
Union, 471.

BATTLE. Of New Orleans, 230. Okeechobee,

303. Monterey, 316. Molino del Rey, 347.
BLAIR, Secretary, opposes the issue of the
Emancipation Proclamation, 415.
BODFISH, Capt., the skilful lumberman, 341.
BOOTH, JOHN WILKES, assassinates President
Lincoln, 431.

BRANDYWINE, Americans defeated at, 41.
BRITISH GOVERNMENT, how they regarded
the American struggle, 34.
BRITISH loss at New Orleans, 235.
BUCHANAN, JAMES. His home and ancestry,
352. Faithfulness as a member of Con-
gress, 354. Speech upon the tariff, 355.
Sustains President Polk, 356. Elected Pres-
ident, 358. Reply to the Silliman Letter,
361. Retires to Wheatland, 374.
BUENA VISTA, battle of, 319.

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CEREMONY observed by Gen. Washington, 90.
COLONIAL CONGRESS. Its first sitting, 63.
Lord Chatham's opinion of its ability and
heroism, 64.
COMMISSIONERS sent to France, 107.
gin, 102.

COMPARISON between the American presi-
dents and the kings of Europe, 151.
CONDITION OF THE ARMY. At the commence-
ment of the Revolutionary War, 30. After
the evacuation of New York, 36. Of the
rebel States during and after the civil war,

CONSPIRATORS. Their designs, 432.
its fruits, 51. Call from James Madison to
frame it, 152. Opinions of distinguished
men concerning it, 153. Presented to the
people, 155.
CONVERSATION of Jackson and Scott, 373.
CORNWALLIS, encircled, surrenders, 47.


On the admission of Missouri into
the Union, 182. Between Mr. Lincoln and
Mr. Douglas, 388.
by Thomas Jefferson, 105; in Mecklenburg,
Penn., 285.
DEPREDATIONS of British soldiers upon Jef-
ferson's estate, 107.

DESCRIPTION of the "White House," 131.
DESTITUTION of the American army, 45.
DE TOCQUEVILLE's views of State sovereign-
tỷ, 300.

DIFFERENCE between the Federal and Repub-
lican parties, 173.
DIFFERENCES between John Adams and the
French Government, 79.
DIFFICULTIES arising from a confederation, 40.
DISCOMFITURE of the assailants of John Quin-
cy Adams, 200.

DIVISION in President Jackson's cabinet, 248.
DORCHESTER HEIGHTS taken possession of, 31.
DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A. His qualities, 388.

EFFECT of a protective tariff upon the South
and North, 280.

ELM TREE in Cambridge immortalized, 31.
ENCROACHMENTS of England and France, 18.
ENGAGEMENT between "The Chesapeake "
and "The Leopard," 190.

ENGLAND claims the right of search, 136. Her
treatment of America in her early exist-
ence as a nation, 178.
EVIDENCE of a nation's grief for the death of
Lincoln, 433.

EXTRACTS. From "The British Quarterly," 164.
From President Jefferson's inaugural, 132.
FALSE VIEWs of the French Revolution, 114.
BURR, AARON. His opinion of Andrew Jack FILLMORE, MILLARD. His paren age, 324.
son, 223.

CASS, GEN. LEWIS, nominated for the presi-
dency, 386.

His early life, 325. Elected to the House
of Assembly, New York, and then to Na-
tional Congress, 327. Vice-President United
States, 329. His course as President, 330.


FLORIDA purchased of Spain, 180.
FORT BROWN attacked by Mexicans, 309.
FRANCE sends help to the colonies, 45.

His facetious-
ness, 52. His popularity at the French
court, 75.

HARRISON, BENJAMIN, incidents in his life, 254.
254. His youthful character, 255. Appointed
Governor by John Adams, 257. His ex-
treme probity, 259. Visits the Indian camp
on Tippecano River, 262. Appointed com-
mander-in-chief of North-western army,


His mirthfulness, 266. Member of
House of Representatives, 268. His trib-
ute to Gen. Jackson, 269. Sent minister
to Colombia, S.A., 270. His temperance
and antislavery views, 271. Elected Presi-
dent, 272. His sudden death, 273.
HOLLAND negotiates treaties with America, 80.

IMBECILITY of President Buchanan, 371.
INCIDENTS. In the life of John Adams, 61, 62.
Regarding Gen. Jackson and John Quincy
Adams, 197. In the later years of John
Quincy Adams, 206. Of the last hours of
President Polk, 297. In the life of Presi-
dent Lincoln, 418.

INDEBTEDNESS of the American Republic to
John Quincy Adams, 198.

INEXPLICABLE complications of party, 277.
INFAMOUS conduct of the British Govern-
ment, 162.

INFLUENCE of the news of the treaty of
Ghent, 165.

INHABITANTS, President Buchanan's definition
of the word, 364.
INSURRECTION in Canada, 257.

JACKSON, ANDREW. His ancestry and early

character, 208. Commences teaching, 212.
Practises law, 215. His marriage, 216.
Elected to House of Representatives, 218.
Sent to United-States Senate, 219. Exhibi-
tions of passion, 220. His treatment of his
family, 223. Raises an army to meet the
Indians, 225. His cruelty to a soldier, 227.
Appointed major-general United-States ar-
my, 228. His appearance and manners, 230.
His defence of New Orleans, 233. Un-
authorized severity, 235. Elected President,
36. His last years, 237. Sickness, and
farewells to his family, 28. Burial-scene,
239. Testimony of Chief Justice Taney, 240.
JEFFERSON, THOMAS. His ancestry and birth,

His diligence and acquirements, 99.
His position in Congress, 104. Chosen
Governor of Virginia, 106. "Notes on Vir-
ginia," 108. His love for his wife, and
agony at her death, 110. Sent ambassador
to France, 112. His domestic character,
116. His views of our obligation to France,
119. Appointed Secretary of State, 121.
Differences with John Adams, 124. Elected
President, 131. His simplicity and polite-
ness, 133. Is re-elected President, 135. His
attractive hospitality, 139. Pecuniary em-
barrassments, 142. His last hours, and
death, 144. His opinion of James Monroe,
171. Of Andrew Jackson for President, 219.
character, and death, 109.
JOHNSON, ANDREW. His parentage, and strug-

gles for education, 437. His rapid rise in
Intelligence and influence, 438. His keen
reply to Senator Hammond, 439. Opposes
secession, 440. His trials in Kentucky, 445.
Appointed Military Governor, 446. His
efforts in the Union cause, 447. Proclama-
tion, 449. Nominated Vice-President, 451.
Address at Washington, 459. His reply to
Gov. Oglesby, 462. Change of sentiments,

465. His present views regarding vital
questions, 466. His ideas on reconstruc-
tion, 470.

KANSAS. Its political troubles, 349. Resolu-
tions of her free-State men, 350. Struggles

for its possession, 359.
KANSAS-NEBRASKA BILL. Its principles, 388.
LETTER. Of John Adams to his wife, 68. Mrs.
Adams, 65, 66, 68. Of John Quincy Adams
on the impressment of seamen, 191. Of
President Buchanan, 370. Of Mr. Cobb
respecting John Quincy Adams, 196. Of Mr.
Cooper to President Johnson, 466. Of Gen.
Harrison to Gen. Bolivar, 270. Of Gen.
Jackson, 247. Of Jefferson to his daughter,
111; to his grandson, 112; to Gen. Lafay-
ette, 125; to James Madison, 127; after the
death of his daughter, 135; to Gen. Lafay-
ette, 136; to his grandson, 137; to John
Adams, 141. Of Andrew Johnson to Rev.
A. J. Crawford, 453. Of President Polk to
Gen. Taylor, 314. Of Daniel Webster, 248.
Of Washington to Jefferson, 126; to Mr.
Laurens, 42.


LINCOLN, ABRAHAM. Great poverty of his
ancestors, 375. Character of his parents,
377. Scene at his mother's funeral, 378. His
pure morals, 380. His varied employments,
381. Elected to State Legislature, and
studies law, 382. His avowed opinion of
slavery, 383. Elected to Congress, 385.
His view of the Mexican War, 386.
reply to S. A. Douglas, 388. Various opin-
ions of his speeches, 393. Thoroughness of
his law-studies, 394. Scene at his nomination
for President, 397. Speeches on his way to
Washington, 401. Extracts from his in-
augural, 406. His account of the draughting
of the Emancipation Proclamation, 414.
His tenderness and justice illustrated, 417.
Reasons for occasional drollery, 421. His
second election, 428. Extracts from his

inaugural, 429. His calm courage, 430. Is
assassinated, 431. Funeral solemnities, 434.
His views of slavery, 435.

MADISON, JAMES. His birth and childhood,
149. Elected to the Continental Congress,
150; to Virginia Legislature, 151. Jefferson
pays him a beautiful tribute, 153. Marries,
156. Appointed Secretary of State, 159.
Ability of his State-papers, 160. Elected
President 161. Re elected, 163. Retires
from public life to Montpelier, 166. His
death, 167.
MADISON, MRS. JAMES. Her beautiful char-
acter, 156. Her influence in Washington,
159. Her death, 168.

MARCY, Gov., upon party removals, 249.
MARSHALL'Seulogy upon President Taylor, 322.
MASSACRE by savage tribes, 44; in New Or
leans, 472.

MEETING of the First Congress, 88.
MEMORIAL of New-Haven gentlemen to Presi-
dent Buchanan, 360.
MEXICO, hostilities, inaugurated, 309.
MISSOURI COMPROMISE, 183. Repealed, 348.
Abrogated, 387.

MONROE DOCTRINE, its history, 183.
MONROE, JAMES. His birth and early life, 170.
Distinguishes himself in the army, 171.
Chosen United-States senator, 173. Minis-
ter to France, 174. Governor of Virginia,
176. Chosen Secretary of War, 179. Chosen
President, 180. Re-elected President, 182.
Retrospect of his life, 183. His death,


MOTIVES which led France to ally herself with
the colonies, 79.

MT. VERNON, history of a day at, 53.

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