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THROUGH MARCH, ENCAMPMENT, BIVOUAC, AND BATTLE;

ALSO

INSTANCES OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONAL GALLANTRY, AND BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
OF MANY HEROIC SOLDIERS: TOGETHER WITH A RECORD OF THE

PATRIOTIC ACTION OF CITIZENS AT HOME, AND OF THE
LIBERAL SUPPORT FURNISHED BY THE STATE

IN ITS EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE

DEPARTMENTS.

BY W. A. CROFFUT AND JOHN M. MORRIS.

ILLUSTRATED.

THIRD EDITION, REVISED.

NEW YORK:

PUBLISHED BY LEDYARD BILL,

75 FULTON STREET.

1869.

4345

1870, Jan. 29.
Gift of
Chas. J. Coactly,
of Hartford, Conn.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by

LEDYARD BILL,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

GEO. C. RAND & Avery, Stereotypers and PRINTERS, BOSTON.

To

JOHN TURNER WAIT,

LATE SPEAKER

OF THE CONNECTICUT HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ;

A PATRIOT

WHOSE ONLY SON FELL IN DEFENSE OF HIS COUNTRY,

AND WHOSE MANY ACTS OF KINDNESS HAVE ENDEARED HIM

TO THE SOLDIERS OF CONNECTICUT ;

THIS VOLUME,

THE RECORD OF THEIR SERVICES AND SUFFERINGS,

IS CORDIALLY DEDICATED.

who were lifted up in the gaze of all the world; but there is a sense of pain and profound sorrow in the consciousness that it is impossible t render justice to the nameless rank and file who never wore even a corpo ral's chevron, but held to their duty with sublime patience. The last of th color-guard, who seized the standard that had dropped from the relaxed grasp of his comrades, and bore it on, and planted it and stood by it on th edge of the rebel rifle-pit; the martyr who perished in prison, and eve since has been marked "missing" upon the roll of regimental casualties the thousand glorious obscure, who were mown down by the flaming blad of battle, and died singing songs of triumph, and praying for the establish ment of Liberty and Law, these are the true heroes and martyrs of al the wars of the world. But, in a book of limited scope, we have no alter native but to mention the officer as the unit standing for his command.

Connecticut sent to the struggle fifty thousand soldiers in her own regi ments, and probably half as many more in the regiments of other States A simple catalogue of their names and muster would fill two books as larg as this; while a complete chronicle of the service of all her faithful son would require a volume for each. Yet we have striven to record every ac of conspicuous gallantry or merit that has come to our knowledge, withou regard to rank, feeling rather that rare devotedness was nobler in the un titled hero, who had little incentive of military ambition, and little hop that his deed would ever be marked or mentioned.

In treating of affairs at home, we have kept strictly to what had a direc bearing on the war; and, in touching upon local politics, we have writte in the spirit of fairness.

In presenting the statistics of patriotic benevolence we confess to a dis appointment. No people beset by war ever gave, of their own free will, s lavishly as ours; and we hoped to compile a record of this liberality, s specific and so remarkable, as to amaze the dwellers in this peaceful land when our villages shall have become cities, and our farms suburban gardens But we find that our towns, societies, and churches kept, in most instances no systematic record whatever. The meager facts submitted will probably be received as possessing a certain interest and value.

It is also proper to say that the portraits which appear in this volume have been selected with regard not only to the merits of the subjects, but also to the desirableness of representing different regiments, every rank and all sections of the State.

Instead of relying upon some officer of each regiment to write the his tory of its service, we have preferred to have the whole book grow up un der our own hand; and to this end we have gathered facts with diligence and care from official reports, diaries, scrap-books, newspapers, private letters, personal interviews, and every available source, seeking corroboration as far as practicable. By this, we have incurred an enormous labor but we have secured absolute impartiality, and have attained, we trust. substantial accuracy, even in the multiplicity of detail and circumstance.

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