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immediately re-formed to renew the assault, goon rapidly bridged, the troops crossed, and which would have been promptly made; but a pushed out in the direction of Decatur. The division of General Wood's troops, as I was enemy attempted to check the crossing of the informed, on the right of the Franklin pike, troops with artillery, which he posted within taking advantage of the withdrawal by the ene- half a mile of where we were crossing the my of a portion of his troops in their front, lageon, but my advance, having crossed beto reinforce Overtons Hill, made a charge, which fore this artillery opened, was rapidly pushed caused the entire line of the enemy to give way, out, and drove it off. At three o'clock P. M. and retreat rapidly and in disorder. My troops, the whole of my infantry had crossed, and at in conjunction with General Wood's, immed-seven o'clock P. M. was in possession of Decaiately pursued rapidly, taking a number of tur. prisoners. The pursuit was continued until after dark, when our exhausted troops bivouacked for the night near Brentwood.
My command, in obedience to orders, continued the pursuit, covering and protecting the left of our line, moving from Brentwood, on the Wilson pike, to a point four miles south of Brentwood, and crossing from that point by a south-west road to Franklin, where it bivouacked for the night, not being able to cross the Harpeth river, which was much swollen by the heavy rain of the night and day previous, and the bridges destroyed by the enemy.
My command moved across the river and proceeded about three miles beyond Franklin, on the road to Spring Hill, when, in obedience to orders, I returned with my troops to Franklin and marched to Murfreesboro, to proceed by rail to Decatur, moving General Cruft's troops from Nashville by the Murfreesboro pike. The whole command was concentrated at Murfreesboro, on the evening of the twentieth.
At Murfreesboro I received despatches from Colonel A. J. McKay, Chief Quartermaster of the Department, informing me that the transportation necessary to move my command by rail to Decatur, was on the way from Chattanooga, and transports conveying supplies would meet me at such point as I might designate. These orders and dispositions of Colonel McKay were all perfect, but the severe cold weather, the injuries to the road, and the criminal negligence, incompetency, and indifference of a portion of the railroad employés, occasioned serious delays.
On the morning of the twenty-second December, my command moved from Murfreesboro, reaching the mouth of Limestone River on the evening of the twenty-sixth, where I found Brigadier-General R. S. Granger, with his command, with four gunboats, one armed transport (the Stone River), and five transports, with rations and forage, forwarded from Chattanooga for my command.
Having constructed the trestles, and secured the plank necessary to bridge a lagoon on the south side of the Tennessee River the night previous, I moved a portion of my command with the transports, convoyed by the gunboats down the river to a point three miles above Decatur, where a landing was effected, the la
My artillery and cavalry was crossed, the command rationed, and moved out three miles on the road to Courtland. The cavalry, the Fifteenth Pennsylvania, Colonel Palmer, and detachments of the Second Tennessee, Tenth, Twelfth, and Thirteenth Indiana, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Prosser, amounting in the aggregate to about six hundred and fifty effective men (Colonel Wm. L. Palmer, of from Decatur at 8 P. M., and pushed rapidly the Fifteenth Pennsylvania, commanding), moved forward, encountering the enemy six miles from the river, on the Courtland road, and at once attacked and routed him, capturing his artillery, a section of six-pounder brass guns.
My command moved at daylight, the cavalry in advance, and went into camp at five o'clock, within four miles of Courtland. The infantry met no opposition. The cavalry skirmished most of the day in advance of the infantry, driving the enemy rapidly towards Courtland. At Pond Spring, three miles north-east of Courtland, he made a stand, but was immediately charged and routed by my cavalry. The report of Colonel Palmer, commanding the cavalry, herewith forwarded, gives a full account of this affair.
My infantry moved to Courtland and went into camp on the south side of the town, on Big Nance Creek, the cavalry pushing on as far as Leighton, thirteen miles west of Courtland.
At five o'lock P. M. I received a despatch from Colonel Palmer, written at Leighton, asking my permission to pursue, capture, and destroy Hood's pontoon train. I immediately gave him permission to exercise his own judgment in the matter. He decided to pursue, and in the most splendid manner not only accomplished all he proposed-the destruction of the pontoon train-but pursued, captured, and destroyed a supply train of one hundred and ten wagons.
Colonel Palmer's command, in this enterprising and daring expedition, captured and destroyed upwards of three hundred wagons, nearly one thousand stand of arms, a large number of mules and oxen, and captured and turned over two pieces of artillery, two hundred prisoners, including thirteen commissioned officers, and one hundred and seventy serviceable mules.
To support the movement of Colonel Palmer, I advanced two brigades of infantry, under com
mand of Colonel Thompson, to Town Creek, seven miles west of Courtland, and one brigade, under command of Colonel Salm, to Leighton. General Cruft's division, with the artillery, remained at Courtland.
Having learned that Colonel Palmer had been successful, and receiving an order from MajorGeneral Thomas to return with my command to Chattanooga, I moved with my infantry and artillery for Decatur, reaching that place in the evening of the fifth of January.
January 4. At one o'clock A. M. I moved, with the artillery and sick of the command, on board the transports for Chattanooga, leaving Brigadier-General Cruft to return with the infantry by rail. General Cruft was delayed several days in his return
by an order from Major-General Thomas, directing him to pursue the rebel General Lyon. This portion of the campaign, owing to the heavy rains swelling all the streams out of their banks and rendering the roads almost wholly impassable, was very arduous, but was skillfully and satisfactorily conducted by General Cruft, resulting in the capture of a part of Lyon's men, and driving all that escaped out of the country, utterly demoralized. The report of General Cruft, herewith forwarded, gives a detailed history of his operations in pursuit of General Lyon.
January 13. General Cruft returned to Chattanooga with his command.
The following table will show the casualties of my command during the entire campaign:
The larger portion of these losses, amounting | ten thousand of whom took part in the camin the aggregate to fully twenty-five per cent. paign, in battles before Nashville, and in guardof the men under my command who were taken ing the railroad defences south of the Tennessee into action, it will be observed, fell upon the River. colored troops. The severe loss of this part of my troops was in the brilliant charge on the enemy's works on Overton Hill on Friday afternoon. I was unable to discover that color made any difference in the fighting of my troops. All, white and black, nobly did their duty as soldiers, and evinced cheerfulness and resolution, such as I have never seen excelled in any campaign of the war, in which I have borne a part.
In closing the brief report of the operations of my command during the campaign, I feel that justice compels me to mention several officers, who distinguished themselves by their energy, courage, and unremitting efforts to secure
Brigadier-General Charles Cruft performed herculean labor in organizing, arming, and equiping the detachments of recruits, drafted men, and furloughed soldiers of the Army of the Tennessee to the number of fourteen thousand,
Six thousand of these men were commanded by the General in person, in the field, from the commencement until the close of the compaign. The General deserves the thanks of the country for the able and efficient manner, in which he has performed this duty.
Brigadier-General John F. Miller, commanding Post of Nashville, displayed energy, efficiency, and promptness in placing his troops in position, to hold a portion of the exterior line protecting the city of Nashville.
I am much indebted to Brigadier-General Donelson, Chief Quartermaster of the Department, for his efficient and energetic efforts to fit out my command on its arrival at Nashville, and for the assistance he rendered with the armed men of his department in protecting the city of Nashville, pending the engagement.
My thanks are due Colonel A. J. McKay, Chief Quartermaster Army of the Cumberland,
for his promptness in furnishing transportation to convey my command from Murfreesboro to Decatur, and forwarding supplies for my troops by transports, to the mouth of Limestone River.
Colonel Felix Prince Salm, Sixty-eighth New York veteran volunteers, commanded a provisional brigade of my troops, and exhibited high qualities as a soldier. I respectfully recommend him for promotion.
Colonel T. J. Morgan, Fourteenth United States colored troops, behaved gallantly. I respectfully recommend him for promotion.
Lieutenant-Colonel C. H. Grosvenor, Eighteenth Ohio volunteers, behaved nobly in leading a charge on the rebel works, on the Raine's place.
Mr. James R. Hood, of Chattanooga, accompanied me throughout the campaign, and rendered me efficient and valuable service as volunteer aide. Respectfully submitted,
JAMES B. STEEDMAN.
BRIGADIER-GENERAL CRUFT'S REPORT.
HEADQUARTERS PROVISIONAL DIVISION,
Major Moe, Assistant Adjutant-General, District of the Etowah:
The following report of the recent campaign is respectfully submitted:
I had been ordered by Major-General Thomas The following officers of my staff accompanied to organize the troops belonging to Major-Genme on the campaign, and discharged all the eral Sherman's field command within this departduties that devolved upon them in a most satis-ment, and report them to Major-General Steedfactory manner:
Colonel C. S. Cotter, First Ohio light artillery; Chief of Artillery, Major S. B. Moe; Assistant Adjutant-General, Captain A. Mills, Eighteenth United States infantry; Inspector, Captain M. Davis, Fourteenth Ohio volunteers; Aide-deCamp, Captain W. B. Steedman, Fourteenth Ohio volunteers; Aide-de-Camp, Lieutenant J. G. McAdams, Sixth Kentucky cavalry, A. C. S. Colonel H. B. Banning, One Hundred and Twentyfirst Ohio volunteers, served me ably as a provost marshal.
Captain A. R. Keller, Assistant Quartermaster, reported to me, and rendered me efficient service as quartermaster for my command.
I am deeply indebted to Major S. B. Moe, my Assistant Adjutant-General, for his efficient and gallant services on the field, as well as for the valuable aid which his large experience as a railroad man enabled him to render me in pushing through the trains conveying my troops from Chattanooga to Nashville, and from Mur
freesboro to Decatur
Captain Osborn, Twentieth Indiana battery, and Captain Ayleshire, Eighteenth Ohio battery, deserve praise for the effective and gallant manner in which they handled their respective batteries.
I am pleased to mention Mr. Stevens, Superintendent of the N. and C. Railroad; Mr. Tallmadge, Master of Transportation at Chattanooga; and Mr. Bryant, Assistant Superintendent N. and C. Railroad, as most honorable exceptions, among the railroad men who have been censured by me for neglect of duty. These gentlemen did everything in their power to aid me in getting over the railroad with my command. I respectfully commend them for their efforts.
I respectfully recommend Colonel William L. Palmer, Fifteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, for promotion, for distinguished, gallant and successful services in pursuing, capturing and destroying the pontoon and supply train of the enemy.
I fully concur in all General Cruft has said in his report, in commendation of the officers of his command.
man, commanding District of the Etowah.
On the twenty-ninth day of November, 1864, while on the above duty at Chattanooga, Tennessee, an order was received from Major-General Steedman to move that day by rail, all available force. A portion of the garrison at Tunnel Hill was withdrawn, and, with the Eighteenth Ohio volunteers from this post, was added to my command.
November 30, 1864.
Reached Cowan Station at eight o'clock A. M.; disembarked the command and bivouacked.
Shipped the command by rail during the night and left Cowan about daylight. Reached Nashville at five P. M., and went into camp in the eastern suburbs of the city.
Moved to the hills near Raine's house and built
a strong line of fortifications and a redoubt for the Twentieth Indiana battery (Captain Osborn commanding), which was upon service with my command this day.
In compliance with orders from Major-Gen. eral Steedman, I abandoned the works built the day previous and fell back to a line indicated, nearer the city. In the new position, the right rested at Judge Trimble's house, and the line extending northward across the Murfreesboro pike, the left resting near Major Lewis' house. A substantial line of earthworks, with a protecting line of palisades and an abatis of brush in front, was speedily constructed. During the day, the Eighteenth Ohio battery (Captain Ayleshire, commanding) was assigned to me for duty. A strong redoubt was built for the artillery at a point where the line crossed the Murfreesboro turnpike. My command occupied this line until the general assault upon the enemy. The position was materially strengthened from day to day by the construction and raising of a dam across Browne's Creek, at the bridge below, on the Lebanon turnpike. The creek ran nearly
parallel to the line of works, and about two hun-manding battalion, Fourteenth army corps, was dred yards in front of the abatis. It became, as seriously wounded while superintending a fathe depth of water increased, a material impedi- tigue party at the dam, and the services of this ment in the way of an assault. My command meritorious officer were thereby lost to his performed about four thousand five hundred command during the residue of the campaign. days' work in the construction of this dam. Lieutenant-Colonel Grosvenor principally superintended its construction, in obedience to orders from district headquarters. Major Roatch, com
The following statement exhibits the number of officers and men comprising the command, on leaving Chattanooga, and the formation of battalions and brigades temporarily made, to wit:
My command was increased on and after the sixth instant by the assignment of recruits arriving from the rear, amounting in the aggregate to two thousand three hundred and twentyseven enlisted men, which were properly armed and distributed to their respective battalions and brigades.
The Sixty-eighth Indiana volunteers (Lieutenant-Colonel Espy, commanding) was also added. These reinforcements brought the effective strength of the division up to five thousand two hundred and forty-nine.
This day orders were received, directing a reconnoissance in force upon the enemy, occupying our old line of works, near Raine's house. Colonel J. G. Mitchell, commanding the brigade of detachments from the Fourteenth army corps, was assigned to that duty. He moved his brigade on the Murfreesboro turnpike, for about one-half mile, then made a detour to the right, where he formed his lines behind a small ridge, and sent his skirmishers to the front, drove in the skirmishers of the enemy, advanced upon his works, and thoroughly reconnoitered his
position. The casualties of Colonel Mitchell's command were trifling, having none killed and but three or four slightly wounded.
six o'clock A. M., on the following morning.
In obedience to orders, another reconnoishouse. This duty was assigned to Colonel A. sance was made on the enemy's line near Raine's G. Malloy, commanding brigade of detachments of Fifteenth and. Seventeenth army corps.
Colonel Malloy, with twelve hundred men of his command, advanced upon the enemy's line at the point indicated. Some sharp skirmishing ensued, but the objects of the reconnoissance were attained. Colonel Malloy's casualties were as follows: killed, one; wounded, six; missing, one; making a total of eight (8) enlisted men.
The effective force of the division was five thousand three hundred and fifty-nine, as shown by the following:
Orders were again received to be ready to march at six o'clock A. M., of the next day. Arms were issued to the portion of troops that were unarmed, and command was put in readiness to comply with the order. In the evening orders were received from Major-General Steedman to detail one of the brigades to report for duty to Colonel Morgan, commanding colored brigade, on my left. Lieutenant-Colonel C. H. Grosvenor (who had succeeded Lieutenant-Colonel Banning in command of the brigade) was ordered to report to Colonel Morgan. This order detached Colonel Grosvenor's brigade from my immediate control during the operations before Nashville, and it did not again rejoin its command until it reached Murfreesboro, marching by way of Franklin, Tennessee.
which they worked their guns, and the good re-
The command remained in position as of yesterday. The brigade commanded by LieutenantColonel Grosvenor was engaged on the left during the day, and contributed its share in the work achieved by Major-General Steedman in that quarter. The assault made upon the enemy's lines and works in the afternoon of this day was under the immediate sight and direction of MajorGeneral Steedman, and the brigade will, without doubt, receive due credit from him. All accounts that reach me speak well of the conduct of the troops in this action. During the afternoon Colonel Mitchell's brigade was moved rapidly out from the works and occupied the hills beyond Raine's house, in compliance with orders, hill beyond. The brigade held this position firmly and in shape to repel any attack on the part of the enemy's cavalry to turn the left of from the east, during the residue of the time the general line, and protected all approaches this command at Nashville.
pushing a strong line of skirmishers to Ridler's
Monday, December 19.
According to directions from the Major-General commanding, the division moved at four o'clock A. M., and abandoning its line of defences, relieved a portion of the troops of the Fourth army corps (Brigadier-General Wood, commanding) and Twenty-third corps, (Major-General Schofield, commanding), and held their exterior line of works-picketing also the front-from the Ackland place to a point north of Fort Negley, and commanding the approaches to the city by the Granny White, Franklin, Nolensville and Murfreesboro turnpikes. Details were furnished to support the batteries of artillery in the line, and to garrison Fort Mirton and redoubt Casino. The brigade of Lieutenant-Colonel Grosvenor (temporarily reporting to Colonel Morgan) was engaged during the day in the assault on the enemy's works near Raine's house, and was the only portion of the division in the fight. It suffered considerably in killed and wounded, and behaved creditably. The Twenty-fourth Indiana battery (Captain Stume), in position on the right of the line, near the Ackland place, was ordered by me, near nightfall, to fire upon a retreating line of rebels which came in sight, pass-Huntsville, and bivouacked. ing parallel to my right from left of the Fourth corps. The fire was opened with good effect (though at long range), and the rebel line was dispersed in great confusion.
Received orders to march to Murfreesboro
moved the command at six and a half ▲. M.,
Captain Stume and his officers and artillerists deserve great credit for the precision with
Tuesday, December 20.
Wednesday, December 21.
Sunday, December 25.
Monday, December 26. Marched to bayou near mouth of Limestone Creek, say ten (10) miles, and bivouacked. Sent back by train those sick and unable to march, say four hundred men.