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Abstract of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores captured from the enemy by the United States Forces commanded by Major-General P. H. Sheridan, Campaign of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia,
I certify that the above is a correct statement of ordnance and ordnance stores captured by Major-General Sheridan, and turned over to the Ordnance Department for reissue, up to the first day of January, 1865. GEO. W. MCKEE, First Lieutenant Ordnance, U. S. A., Chief Ordnance Officer, Mid. Mil. Div.
T. W. C. Moore.
A. A. G.
List of Casuallies in the United States Forces commanded by Major-General P. H. Sheridan, Campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, 1864.
Report of Property Captured and Destroyed “from the Enemy" by the Middle Military Division, MajorGeneral P. H. Sheridan commanding, during the campaign commencing August 10, 1864, and ending November 16, 1864.
94 89 8 6 1 23,000 131 137 7 1,134 1,040 40 19,230 1,061,000 3,772 545 71 1 8 1 3 1,200
1 1 3 435,902
20,000 77,176 874 20,397 500 450 10,918 12,000 15,000 250 12,000 10,000
Report of Property "Lost by Capture." by the Middle Military Division, during the campaign commenced April 10, and ending November 18, 1864.
Most of the articles under the heading "Lost by Capture," were recaptured subsequently The 24 pieces of artillery were all recaptured.
P. H. SHERIDAN,
Major-General U S. A., Commanding.
SIR: On the night of the thirtieth July, 1864, I received an order to march the First division of cavalry, which I was then commanding, and which was at that time encamped near Lee's Mills, Prince George county, Virginia, to City Point, for the purpose of embarking it for Washington, D. C.
The division moved according to orders, and commenced to embark on the night of the thirty-first. It was concentrated at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, by the night of the ninth of August following.
On my arrival at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, on the afternoon of the eighth of August, I reported in person at once to Major-General | Sheridan, who was then commanding the Middle Military Division, and was appointed Chief of Cavalry for that division, which command consisted (organized troops for the field) of the First division of cavalry of the Army of the Potomac, General Merritt commanding; Second division West Virginia cavalry, General Averell commanding; and First division West Virginia cavalry, Brigadier-General Duffie commanding.
Brigadier-General Averell's division was then at Cumberland, Maryland, and Brigadier-General Duffie's at Hancock, Maryland. Both of these divisions were ordered to join the army by the shortest practicable route.
At this time a brigade was formed, consisting of the Second Massachusetts, Twenty-second Pennsylvania, Cole's cavalry, and a detachment of the Fourteenth Pennsylvania cavalry, and placed under command of Colonel Lowell, Second Massachusetts cavalry, and assigned to the First division as the Third brigade.
I left Harper's Ferry, Virginia, August tenth, with the First division cavalry (General Merritt commanding) on the advance.
Arriving at Charleston, Virginia, the Reserve First and Second brigades took the direct road to Berryville, Virginia; the Third brigade was sent to Summit Point, Virginia, thus placing it on the right of the army, and the Reserve First and Second brigades on the left.
Arriving at Berryville, a reconnoissance was sent in the direction of Winchester, as far as the Opequan creek, driving the enemy's pickets across the creek. The main body took the Berryville and Millwood pike as far as the Stone Chapel, about three miles, and turned to the right to go over to the Millwood and Winchester pike. About half a mile from the latter pike the enemy's cavalry was met in pretty strong force; they were immediately engaged and driven from the field. The command then went into camp in the neighborhood for the night.
of Winchester, driving the enemy's cavalry about three miles, and within two miles of the town, on their infantry lines, and remained in that position until the arrival of our infantry at the Millwood and Winchester pike, near the Opequan creek.
In the mean time the Reserve and Second brigades (Brigadier-General Merritt) moved round still further to the left, to get possession of the Front Royal and Winchester pike. About a mile from the pike they met the enemy's cavalry in force, with artillery. Brigadier-General Merritt immediately engaged them, and, after a severe fight, he drove them across the pike and three miles back in the direction of Newton, Virginia, on the Valley pike. In the mean time the First brigade (Brigadier-General Custer) was brought up, and the whole division was advanced in the direction of Newton. Advancing about a mile and a half, they were opposed by a strong force; not being able to tell whether they were dismounted cavalry or infantry, an attack was ordered, the attacking party being dismounted.
After a very severe fight, the enemy was driven from his first position.
By prisoners being captured we learned that it was Gordon's division of infantry, the rearguard of Major-General Early's army. The attack was immediately suspended, and our force fell back about a mile and a half and went into camp, it being now after dark.
About this time the Third brigade (Colonel Lowell), with the exception of one regiment, joined us from the right of the army.
On the next morning (twelfth) the cavalry moved in the direction of Newton, the Third brigade (Colonel Lowell) in advance.
Arriving at Newton, on the Strasburg and Winchester pike, the Third, First, and Reserve brigades moved in the direction of Strasburg.
The Second brigade (Brevet Brigadier-General Devin) moved west, in the direction of Fawcet's gap, and then toward Cedar creek, on the back road, about three or four miles from the main pike.
These columns moved steadily along toward Cedar creek, Virginia, skirmishing slightly with the enemy. Arriving at Cedar creek, on the Valley pike, the Third brigade (Colonel Lowell) drove the enemy's skirmishers across, and advanced to the other side, and held this position until relieved by our infantry during the same afternoon. The command then went into position as follows for the night: the First brigade (Brigadier-General Custer) on the left of the pike, picketing the Shenandoah river and watching the left; the Third and Reserve brigades on the right of the pike, picketing Cedar creek and watching the right.
Just after dark the Second brigade (Brevet At daylight the next day (eleventh), the Re- Brigadier-General Devin arrived from the back serve First and Second brigades moved on the road and went into camp on the left of the ValMillwood and Winchester pike to the Opequanley pike, in rear of the First brigade. creek. From this point the First brigade (Brig- On the thirteenth the First, Second, Third, adier-General Custer) was sent in the direction and Reserve brigades moved to the right,
crossing Cedar creek about a mile from the Valley pike, and moved in the direction of Strasburg, in two columns.
After remaining in front of Strasburg, in rear of the infantry skirmish line, a short time, the command recrossed Cedar creek and went into its former position.
At daylight on the fourteenth the Second brigade moved off to the left on to the Front Royal and Winchester pike, at Cedarville, about seven miles, and two miles from the Shenandoah river, for the, purpose of watching the Luray valley.
The same day the Third brigade (Colonel Lowell) moved off to the right, on the back road, where it crossed Cedar creek.
On the fifteenth Brigadier-General Duffie reported to me with his division, about nine hundred strong, and was ordered to Berryville.
Brigadier-General Averell also reported the arrival of his division at Martinsburg, and was ordered to remain there until further orders.
On the morning of the fifteenth BrigadierGeneral Merritt, with the First and Reserve brigades, moved over to the Front Royal and Winchester pike, posting the Reserve brigade at Stony Point, about three miles north of Cedarville, and the First brigade at Cedarville. One regiment of the Third brigade was left at the crossing of Cedar creek, on the Valley pike.
On the afternoon of the fifteenth the pickets of the First and Second brigades were attacked near the Shenandoah river, by two brigades of infantry of Kershaw's division and Wickham's brigade of cavalry, supported by three pieces of artillery.
Brigadier-General Merritt moved out with the First and Second brigades to meet the attack, and after a severe engagement totally routed the enemy and drove them back across the Shenandoah river, killing and wounding about three hundred men, capturing nearly three hundred prisoners and two infantry battle flags, with a loss on our side of but sixty men.
Too much praise cannot be given to BrigadierGeneral's Merritt, Custer, and Brevet BrigadierGeneral Devin for their good judgment and gallantry displayed on this occasion-for with two brigades of cavalry they defeated two brigades of infantry and one of cavalry, with a loss on our side of but sixty men.
Orders were issued this day for the cavalry to fall back the next morning (the sixteenth) in the direction of Winchester and Berryville, with directions to drive off all stock and destroy all forage they were not able to use, up as far as the Millwood and Winchester pike.
On the morning of the sixteenth the First division of cavalry (Brigadier-General Merritt) fell back, moving in five separate columns, the First reserve and Second brigades concentrating at Berryville, the Third brigade at Winchester. About eleven A. M. this day, the sixteenth, Brigadier-General Wilson, with the Third division of cavalry from the Army of the Poto
mac, reported to me at Winchester, having been ordered from the Army of the Potomac via Washington and Ashby's gap.
The infantry having left Winchester that morning, and being ordered to cover the rear, I placed Brigadier-General Wilson's division (the Third) in position for that purpose in the hills south of Winchester, also one brigade of infantry (seven hundred muskets), the First brigade of the First division, Sixth corps, commanded by Colonel William H. Penrose, Fifteenth New Jersey volunteers, which had been ordered to report to me that morning. Late in the afternoon of the same day, the enemy having followed up, attacked the pickets of the Third brigade, First division (Colonel Lowell), which was concentrating at Winchester; that brigade was then drawn in and placed on the left, to cover the Berryville and Winchester pike. Skirmishing soon became general, the enemy apparently in strong force; it was some time before it could be definitely determined whether the enemy had cavalry only, or both cavalry and infantry.
The engagement became pretty general, and I learned I was fighting Breckenridge's corpsthe advance of the rebel army. It was now about dark and I immediately made dispositions to withdraw, ordering the Third brigade, First division (Colonel Lowell), to fall back to the Opequan creek, on the Winchester and Berryville pike.
The Second brigade, Third division (Brigadier-General Chapman), was ordered to move through the town and take position on the opposite side; just as the infantry and the First brigade, Third division (Brigadier-General McIntosh) was about to withdraw, the enemy made a charge on the whole line, and succeeded in capturing about two hundred of the infantry and fifty of the cavalry. The artillery, which was admirably served, and up to the last moment with a plentiful use of canister, checked the enemy's advance, and gave us time to withdraw in good order. The whole command was withdrawn to the opposite side of Winchester, and formed to await a further advance of the enemy and for our trains to get to the rear.
About nine P. M. we commenced to fall back to Summit Point. At this time orders were sent to Brigadier-General Averell to move in the direction of Charlestown. Orders were afterterwards sent him by Major-General Sheridan to move in the direction of Shepherdstown and cover the fords across the Potomac.
On the morning of the eighteenth the Third division (Brigadier-General Wilson) arrived at Summit Point and took position on the right of the infantry, and watching the country well to his front, and connecting with Brigadier-General Averell on his right in the vicinity of Smithfield. The First division (Brigadier-General Merritt) was in the vicinity of Berryville, covering the country from the Opequan creek to Snicker's gap.
The First division West Virginia cavalry was immediately made to attack. A brigade (Brigadier-General Duffie) was ordered to Charlestown.
On the nineteenth and twentieth the main body of the cavalry remained in the same position as that of the eighteenth.
On the twenty-first the rebel army advanced in three columns by Smithfield, Summit Point, and Berryville on our army, concentrated about Charlestown, Virginia.
The First division, West Virginia cavalry (Brigadier-General Duffie) was ordered out across the Charlestown and Leetown road on the right of the infantry.
The First and Third divisions of cavalry (Brigadier-Generals Merritt and Wilson) were ordered to fall back slowly as the enemy's infantry columns advanced, and pass to the right of the army, where they were massed, except the Third brigade, First division (Colonel Lowell), which was posted on the left and front. The army fell back to Halltown, Virginia, that night (the twenty-first), and the cavalry was ordered to fall back the next morning.
Early on the morning of the twenty-second the enemy advanced rapidly with strong infantry skirmishers, and were held in check by the First division, West Virginia cavalry (Brigadier-General Duffie), the Third brigade, First division (Colonel Lowell), and part of the Third division (Brigadier-General Wilson), until the First division (Brigadier-General Merritt) could withdraw in the direction of Shepherdstown, and the trains withdraw to the rear. The First division (Brigadier-General Merritt) marched direct to Shepherdstown, the Third division (Brigadier-General Wilson) fell back to Halltown, Virginia, taking position on the right of the infantry. The First division, West Virginia cavalry (Brigadier-General Duffie), moved to Point of Rocks, Maryland, crossing the Potomac via Harper's Ferry, Virginia. The Third brigade, First division (Colonel Lowell), fell back to Halltown and took position on the left of the infantry.
The Second division, West Virginia cavalry (Brigadier-General Averell), was now across the Potomac river, his main force in the vicinity of Fair Play, Maryland, and watching the fords on the upper Potomac.
On the twenty-third and twenty-fourth the cavalry remained in the same position as on the twenty-second.
was sent on each flank, two to attack in front, and one held in reserve. Soon after the attack was commenced it was found that we were fighting infantry (a division of Breckenridge's corps), while on the march in the direction of Shepherdstown, Virginia.
The attack was so sudden and vigorous the division was thrown in complete confusion and back three-fourths of a mile.
The enemy lost about two hundred and fifty killed and wounded, together with one brigade commander.
I then concluded to fall back, which was done in good order-the Third division (BrigadierGeneral Wilson) taking the road from Kearneysville, via Duffield station, to the right of the army, the First division (Brigadier-General Merritt) taking the direct road to Shepherdstown, Virginia, the enemy following up the latter column with infantry and artillery. Near Shepherdstown the First brigade (Brigadier-General Custer) was sent to the relief of a regiment of the Reserve brigade which was the rear guard, and which was about to be cut off from the main body. Soon after this brigade was cut off from the main force and they quietly withdrew to the other side of the Potomac river, via Shepherdstown ford, and covered that and the Antietam ford; the balance of the First division (Brigadier-General Merritt) fell back and took position on the right of the army.
On the night of the same day (twenty-fifth) the Third division (Brigadier-General Wilson) was sent across the Potomac river, via Harper's Ferry, Virginia, and took position in the vicinity of Boonsboro, Maryland.
On the twenty-sixth the cavalry remained in the same position as on that of the twenty-fifth instant.
On the twenty-seventh, the First New York Lincoln cavalry was ordered_from BrigadierGeneral Duffie's division to Brigadier-General Averell's division, and the Twelfth Pennsylvania cavalry in the same division was ordered to report, temporarily, to Brigadier-General Stephenson, at Harper's Ferry, Virginia; the balance of Brigadier-General Duffie's division was dismounted and ordered to Cumberland, Maryland, to remount, their horses being turned over to other commanders.
On the morning of the twenty-seventh, the Third division (Brigadier-General Wilson) was ordered to Sharpsburg, Maryland; the same day I went to Hagerstown, Maryland, to visit the Second division, West Virginia cavalry, Brigadier-General Averell.
On the morning of the twenty-fifth I marched the First and Third divisions of cavalry (Brig adier-Generals Merritt and Wilson) to Kearneysville by two routes, making the junction half a mile from Kearneysville-from there proceeded The next day (twenty-eighth), Brigadierin the direction of Leetown in two columns. General Averell's division was ordered to cross The First division (Brigadier-General Mer- the Potomac river at Williamsport ford, and ritt) on the right, and the Third division (Brig-move on Martinsburg, Virginia, the Third adier-General Wilson) on the left. About a mile from Leetown a small cavalry force was met in a heavy woods, and from all the information that could be obtained, went to show that nothing but cavalry was in our front, and disposition
division (Brigadier-General Wilson) to cross at Shepherdstown ford, and the First brigade, First division (Brigadier-General Custer), to cross at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
The First division (Brigadier-General Mer