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out incident worthy of note. The average distance marched by the regiments of this brigade is about six hundred and fifty miles. It has destroyed about eleven million dollars' worth of property, principally iron works and rolling mills. In the only action in which the brigade has been engaged, the officers and men fought with the greatest gallantry, repeatedly charging and finally putting to rout a force estimated at three or four times their own number. It is worthy of remark that Company C, Seventh Ohio cavalry, which had the advance at Ebenezer Church, and received the first volley, from probably one thousand muskets, maintained its position until the command was deployed, although every man in it was either killed, wounded, or had his clothes riddled with balls. Lieutenant Womeldorff commanded this company. Colonel Garrard behaved with conspicuous gallantry, steadying his men, and setting them a brilliant example of coolness and courage. Colonel Eggleston led his men also with great determination and bravery, both on this occasion and in the attack on Columbus. To the officers of the brigade staff, Lieutenants Mitchell, Yeoman, McKee, and Dryden, I am greatly indebted for their untiring exertions. In the fight at Ebenezer Church they were particularly active in urging forward and leading the men.

In conclusion I am proud to say that the discipline and soldierly conduct of the men of the Second brigade, is only excelled by the gallantry which they have displayed in every encounter with the enemy, and I trust they will receive due credit in the official reports of this campaign.

The official reports of the regimental com

manders are hereto attached.

I am, Major, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Brevet Brigadier-General.


Assistant Adjutant-General.


MAJOR-I have the honor to request that Colonel B. B. Eggleston, First Ohio veteran volunteer cavalry, may be brevetted for gallant and valuable services rendered during the campaign just closed. He led his regiment with great gallantry in the fight at Ebenezer Church, and again in the charge into Girard.

Colonel Eggleston deserves especial praise for the fine discipline, military appearance, and condition of his regiment.

He has always co-operated with and assisted me promptly and cheerfully in carrying out the crders transmitted from superior headquarters for the suppression of straggling and plundering in the command.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Brevet Brigadier-General.

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Major J. W. Latta, A. A. G.:


MAJOR-I have the honor to request that First Lieutenant Y. O. A. Yeoman, First Ohio veteran volunteer cavalry, may be brevetted for gallantry in the charge at Montevallo, in the fight at Ebenezer Church, in the advance on Columbus, when he followed the enemy so closely with two men as to prevent their burning the bridges. He also behaved with his usual conspicuous gallantry in the charge into Girard.

Lieutenant Yeoman is an officer of education, a good disciplinarian, and has been of great value as the Inspector General of this brigade. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

A. J. ALEXANDER, Brevet Brigadier-General

[Copy of Endorsement.]

MACON, GA., June 27, 1865.

Respectfully forwarded, approved, and strongly recommended. There is no more gallant officer in service than Lieutenant Yeoman. J. H. WILSON,

Brevet Major-General Commanding.

M. D. M., MACON, GA., April 21, 1865.

MAJOR-I have the honor to submit the following report of operations of my command since leaving Chickasaw landing, Tennessee river, March twenty-first instant:

The distance marched direct has been four

hundred and eighty-eight miles, while the scouting, expeditionary, flanking, and foraging marches swell the number of miles to an average of six hundred to each regiment.

Though much of this has been over a mountainous and partially sterile region, we have found sufficient corn, and if it were not for the long, hard marches, often extending into the night, our animals would now be in exceedingly good condition. Those worn out have been abandoned or turned over to the negroes, and their places supplied with captured horses and mules. The care of animals has been good, and straggling has not been marked or frequent.

The general conduct of officers and men has been excellent, and the command has been at all times in such condition that it could have been promptly used against an enemy with full effect.

With one week's rest I think it will be in an effective condition, and as well mounted as when the campaign commenced.

We had slight skirmishing just before entering Montevallo (March thirtieth), one man, Fourth Iowa cavalry, being slightly wounded.

March thirty-first. My brigade moved in rear of the division; when a few miles south of Montevallo it passed to the front, and the Tenth Missouri cavalry, Lieutenant-Colonel F. W. Benteen commanding, being dismounted, the enemy, an Alabama brigade, were at once pushed out of position. Two men of the Tenth were wounded while this regiment mounted, the Third Iowa, Colonel John W. Noble commanding, took the advance, and one company charged the enemy on the road at a time when his column was in retreat. A portion of the enemy being separated from their main force Captain Johnson, with two companies, was sent to the right, and charging captured quite a number. Several of the enemy were killed and wounded. This officer acted with vigor and gallantry. The enemy were driven in great confusion to Randolph, leaving many animals and a number of men along the road, and seventy-five prisoners in our hands. Colonel Noble led his regiment, which behaved admirably, and his adjutant lost his horse in the first charge.

Meantime a body of the enemy attacked my column in rear and on the right, but this force was speedily driven off by Lieutenant-Colonel Peters with a portion of the Fourth Iowa cavalry.

The enemy were very roughly handled today, and scattered by the impetuosity of our men. I have no doubt that the manner in which this day's work was done tended much to render our subsequent victories the easier achieved.

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At an early hour on this day, Lieutenant-Colonel Benteen, with his regiment, destroyed the 'Bibb Iron Works," about six miles south of Montevallo, in the presence of a superior force of the enemy, sent there to protect them. Moved April first in rear of the division, and when at Maplesville station, heard firing in front; receiving soon after orders to push forward rapidly, two regiments, Third Iowa leading, were hastened to the battle-ground of "Ebenezer Church," arriving just as the engagement was being decided.

Captain Arnheim's company "I" was thrown out on the left of the road, and directed to charge a line of the enemy formed on the bank of the creek, four hundred yards from the head of my column. This company, having to throw down a fence under a severe fire, had one officer, Lt. John J. Veatch, and several men, wounded, losing also about fifteen horses. Captain Arnheim and his company behaved in a gallant manner, as did also Captain A. Clark, Fourth Iowa cavalry, A. A. Q. M., who voluntarily aided in conducting this movement.

The column moving forward, the enemy quickly retired, and the Third Iowa cavalry was

sent in pursuit, following the enemy to Plantersville, five miles.

Captain John Brown, "L" Company, charged his men over a deep stream, capturing more of the enemy (a color company) than his command numbered. This officer had been sent with his company to Maplesville early in the day, and, meeting a body of the enemy, charged it, capturing several and scattering the others.

Sergeant John Wall, guidon-bearer, "K" Company, after being wounded in the hand, retained the saddle, carried his colors, and, in subsequent engagement, captured a rebel officer.

We arrived near Selma April second, at two P. M., dismounting in battalion lines until five o'clock. At that time, in obedience to orders from the Brevet Major-General commanding division, I dismounted my command, and, leaving every eighth man to hold horses, formed the Third Iowa on the right and the Tenth Missouri on the left of the Plantersville road in line, about half a mile from the rebel works, and fronting them. Seven companies, Fourth Iowa, were preparing to move to the left of the Tenth Missouri, when the Second division, on my right, attacked in force, and soon gained possession of the fortifications in its front.

Observing this attack, the dismounted regiments were immediately advanced, and when the Second division obtained possession of the outer works, the Fourth Iowa cavalry, which had not yet left their horses, came forward at a gallop in column of fours, and at once pushed into the city, companies going in various directions to complete the discomfiture of the enemy. About this time the Third Iowa and Tenth Missouri were directed to remount, but the road being blocked by subsequent movements this was not fully accomplished until a late hour.

The advance guard of the division, fourth company, Fourth Iowa, under Major W. W. Wood, had been dismounted in front of the enemy's works on the Plantersville road since one o'clock P. M., and when Brigadier-General Long had charged the enemy on the right this force pushed forward into the works in their front, capturing an entire regiment and five pieces of artillery. The mounted companies secured four guns, three stands of colors, and about one thousand prisoners; several hundred of the enemy were killed and wounded, or drowned in attempting to escape. Captain E. R. Jones, Company I, and chief bugler D. J. Tabor, were killed; both belonged to Fourth Iowa cavalry.

April third. By direction of Brevet Major-General Wilson, I assumed command of the city, while my brigade, Colonel Noble commanding, made a march to the rear, through Summerfield, to Johnson's Ferry, returning on the sixth instant.

With the army this brigade moved from Selma, April tenth, arriving at Montgomery on the twelfth, near which city we remained until the fourteenth. Major Crukendoll, with six companies Third Iowa cavalry, was here detailed

as Provost Guard, and did not rejoin the command until after the capture of Columbus.

Captain Whiting, with Companies H and M, Fourth Iowa cavalry, was sent to Grey's Ferry, Tallapoosa river, with directions to destroy the bridge over the Coosa at Wetumkee. He was unable to do this, but in conjunction with Major Weston, Fourth Kentucky, captured and took to Montgomery three steamboats. While the command was marching to Columbus, Captain Young with two hundred men, Tenth Missouri cavalry, was detached from the column at Crawford, and proceeded to Clapp's factory, three miles above Columbus, on the Chattahoochie river, with orders to seize and hold the bridge at that place. It was, however, partially destroyed before he arrived. This brigade reached the point of attack before Columbus about half-past seven P. M., and at eight o'clock was disposed in the following order:

Six companies Third Iowa cavalry, Colonel Noble commanding, dismounted, in line at right angles to the Summerville road, with the left resting thereon, two hundred yards from one line of the enemy, immediately in front, and about two hundred and fifty yards from his main line on our left; the latter formed behind fortifications running parallel with the Somerville road. The Tenth Missouri cavalry, Lieutenant-Colonel F. W. Benteen commanding, on the Somerville road, four hundred yards in rear of the Third Iowa, in column of fours. mounted, and the Fourth Iowa, Lieutenant-Colonel John H. Peters commanding, in the same order on a byroad three hundred yards from the point of its intersection with the Summerville road, being thus to the right and rear of the Third Iowa two hundred yards.

The moment we were ready to attack the enemy opened fire in front with small arms, and on the left with shell, canister, and musketry, when the Third Iowa were directed to charge, and in five minutes we were in possession of the rifle-pits in our front. Supposing the captured works to be a portion of the enemy's main line, the Tenth Missouri cavalry were ordered forward at a gallop, and two companies pushed at once to the bridge, nearly threefourths of a mile distant, securing it with about fifty prisoners. This detachment passed in front and to the rear of the enemy's lines unhurt, but the officer, Captain R. B. M. McGlasson, finding his position untenable, released the prisoners and rejoined his regiment, with loss of one man killed.

When this regiment commenced its forward movement the enemy developed his main line on our left. The Third Iowa was immediately directed to the other position, and this gallant regiment pressed forward vigorously, Captains McKee and Wilson, with about fifty men, penetrating the line, capturing some prisoners and holding the position. The remainder of the Tenth Missouri were now directed to prepare to fight on foot. This command had, however, been thrown into much confusion by the ene

my's fire, being only about one hundred yards in front of their best position. The officers had done all they could, but the confusion was almost unavoidable. The Fourth Iowa, which was now immediately in front of the enemy's lines, was dismounted except four companies, and in charge of Captain Abraham, D Company, were pushed into the enemy's works, near where the detachment Third lowa had secured a lodgement.

In obedience to instructions, when inside the works, Captain Abraham moved directly towards the bridge, not stopping to secure the prisoners, who after being made to throw away their arms, were left where found. Near the end of this line of rifle-pits was a work with six twelvepounder howitzers, which Captain Abraham at once assaulted, capturing the garrison and armament, together with four ten-pounder Parrott guns, gunners, and caissons, which were in position, and firing near this fort.

Without halting, a portion of his command rushed over the bridge (a covered one), capturing two twelve-pounder howitzers, caissons, &c., on the east end. These two guns were loaded with canister, but the gunners could not fire without killing the rebels flying over the bridge with our men.

The capture of this bridge was in itself a great victory, as it had been fully prepared for sudden and complete destruction. The enemy were unable to fire this structure, which being saved enabled our forces to occupy Columbus, and march immediately upon Macon; any delay at the Chattahoochie would have prevented our forces reaching Macon before the armistice went into effect.

The capture of Columbus involved the fall of Macon. The conduct of this brigade whenever it has been engaged with the enemy, has been highly creditable to the men composing it, and to our cause and country, which it represents. The Brevet Major-General commanding division having been present at every engagement, has full knowledge of the enthusiasm, courage, and determination displayed by officers and men on every occasion. Having personally shared their dangers, I am confident he is ready to award them their full meed of praise. Private Robert C. Woods, A Company, Fourth Iowa cavalry, orderly for Major Woods, A. A. I. G., Fourth division, having been captured in line of duty, escaped, and with the aid of some of his company captured the colonel and his adjutant, who shortly before had held him as a prisoner.

There have been very many instances of individual heroism, while almost every one did all he could. If in this report some persons seem to have done more than well, it must not be inferred that others would not have done equally well if they had been as fortunate in securing opportunities.

During this campaign this brigade has taken in action thirty-one hundred prisoners, including two hundred commissioned officers, eleven stands of colors, thirty-three guns, twenty-five

caissons, thirty-five hundred stands of arms, and Iowa cavalry. This officer was wounded sea large number of horses, wagons, and mules. verely at the battle of Big Blue, October 23, The defeat of the enemy at Columbus gave us 1864; has twice on the present expedition atpossession of the gunboat Muscogee, alias Jack-tacked, with his company, a force of the enemy son, a very formidable ram. She was nearly ready for active service, her armament six seveninch Parrott guns, engines, a portion of her ordnance and other supplies being on board.

The fruits of our victories have been materially increased by having mounted columns always ready to take advantage of opportunities offering. This has been shown to have been the case at Selma.

greater than his own, and each time completely routed him, once capturing more men than his own command numbered.

George W. Johnston, Captain Company M, Third Iowa cavalry. This officer once with two, and again with one company, charged a superior force of the enemy with great gallantry, routing them each time, and killing, wounding, and capturing quite a number. His courage, good conduct, and gallantry have been frequently observed.

R. B. M. McGlasson, Captain Company I, Tenth Missouri cavalry. He led two companies of his regiment through the enemy's lines to the bridge at Columbus, and though surrounded came out losing only one man.

At Columbus the four companies Fourth Iowa cavalry, which were pushed over the bridge (mounted) immediately after it was in our possession, captured five hundred prisoners, and completed the disorganization of the enemy. During this march we have destroyed the Hannan and Briarfield, or Bibb iron works, near Montevallo, several railroads and station houses, Samuel J. McKee, Captain Company B, Third four steamboats and one foundry at Montgo-Iowa cavalry. This officer has several times led mery, a large distillery above Columbus, and his company gallantly, and was the first officer great quantities of corn, meat, and other sup- to enter the lines of the enemy at Columbus, plies, gathered up for the Confederate govern- himself and men having to work their way through abattis in presence of an enemy se curely posted behind entrenchments, and only a few yards distant. With two companies he met and repulsed the enemy at Fike's Ferry, Cahawba river, killing and wounding some and capturing thirty animals.


As a testimony of my respect and appreciation of their ability and services, and because of gallantry in presence of the enemy, I respectfully recommend that the rank of Major by brevet be conferred upon the following named of ficers:

Lot Abraham, Captain D Company, Fourth Iowa cavalry. This officer has frequently displayed great courage, handled his command in a very gallant manner at Columbus, and captured a four-gun battery at Selma, repulsing the enemy in his attempt to recover it.

Asa B. Fitch, Captain Company H, Fourth Iowa cavalry, when the enemy assailed our column in flank, near Montevallo, March 31, this officer, who commanded the color company, had the colors unfurled, and with his company and the colors dashed ahead, leading the attacking party with great gallantry. He has many times acted with judgment and gallantry. I consider him one of the best officers in my command. John D. Brown, Captain Company L, Third

And the rank of Captain by brevet upon Ferdinand Owen, First Lieutenant Company I, Tenth Missouri cavalry, who when his company reached the bridge at Columbus, gallantly led it over, and immediately upon a rebel battery of two guns while completely surrounded by the en

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MAJOR-Having been assigned to the com- Navy Yard-Containing brass foundry, boatmand of this city, I have the honor to make the building house and one machine shop, with hotfollowing report of property captured and de-air furnace, one engine eight-horse power, one stroyed, in obedience to orders from the Brevet Major-General commanding corps: Fountain Warehouse-Six thousand bales C. S. A. cotton.

Alabama Warehouse-Seven thousand bales C. S. A. cotton, one hundred boxes tobacco, twenty hogsheads and one hundred barrels sugar, and other commissary stores.

Near Macon Railroad Depot-Three large warehouses, containing twenty thousand sacks corn, an immense amount of quartermaster's property, commissary stores, and valuable machinery, all in readiness for shipment.

A large number of caissons and timbers, gen. erally unserviceable; one hundred bales cotton; also thirteen locomotives, ten passenger, fortyfive box, twenty-four flat, and nine coal cars. One round house and machine shop. Naval armory.

One small rolling mill in operation, one engine, forty horse-power, one blast engine eight horse-power, two sets rollers, and three furnaces, capable of making four thousand pound of iron per day.

One new rolling mill nearly completed, one one hundred and fifty horse-power engine, intended to roll railroad and boiler-plate iron, three large furnaces, one blast engine ten horsepower, one ten-horse power steam hammer. This building was one hundred and fifty feet square.

One machine shop, two engines, forty-five

large planer, one rip saw and drill press, five thousand rounds large ammunition; also one blacksmith shop and tools.

McElhaney & Porter's Foundry-Containing one engine twenty-horse power.

Nitre Works-Two hundred hands were here employed.

Muscogee Iron Works-Consisting of foundry, machine shop, small arms manufactory, blacksmith shop (thirty forges), a large saddler's shop with tools, one hundred sets flasks, one engine thirty-horse power.

Confederate States Arsenal-Consisting of Machine shop, foundries, with two thirty-horse power engines, two furnaces, a large amount of machinery and war material; blacksmith's shop (sixteen forges).

Two Powder Magazines-Thirteen thousand pounds powder, four thousand loaded shell, eighty-one thousand rounds ammunition for small arms, and large quantities of rockets, fuses, &c.

Oil Cloth Manufactory-Eagle Factory-Fourstory brick, one hundred and fifty feet by fifty feet; one hundred and thirty-six looms, three thousand four hundred and fifty spindles cotton, and twelve hundred spindles wool, two thousand two hundred yards jeans, and fifteen hundred yards Osnaburgs, made each day.

Howard Factory-Five-story brick building, with basement, one hundred and twenty feet by fifty feet; one hundred and forty-six looms, five

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