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The large flag of the "Sixth Regiment Arkansas Volunteers was captured on a train at the railroad depot, on occupying Macon, by Sergeant John W. Deen, of Company "C," Seventeenth Indiana volunteers.
The flag marked "captured by Reuben Phillips, Company 'C,' Seventeenth Indiana volunteers" (battle flag), was got at the same time and place.
The battle flag marked "captured by First Lieutenant James H. McDowell, company 'B,' Seventeenth Indiana volunteers," was surrendered to him by Colonel Cummins, in the rebel works on the Columbus road, one and a half miles from Macon, Georgia, on the surrender of said works.
The rebel flag marked on the flag "Worrell Greys," was captured by privates A R. Hudson and J. Davis, from a battalion of militia near Culloden, Georgia, after a sharp skirmish, in which a small party of the regiment ran about two hundred militia.
I also hold, subject to orders, four two-pounder Travis guns, breech-loading smooth-bore, brass.
They are not mounted. They were found by Corporal Bottoff, of Company "K," boxed up and buried in the small-pox graveyard. He (Bottoff) was directed to them by a rebel soldier. The guns were made for presentation to Lieutenant-General Forrest.
I would respectfully suggest that it has been the custom to allow regiments to retain flags captured by them, in order that they may be sent by the regiments to their State libraries, and I would, therefore, ask that the flags be returned to the regiment, to be disposed of in this manner.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, JOHN J. WEILER. Major Commanding Regiment.
HEADQUARTERS SECOND BRIGADE, SECOND DIVISION CAVALRY CORPS, NEAR MACON, GEORGIA, April 29, 1865. CAPTAIN-Below please find report of number of guns, prisoners, flags, &c., captured by this command, forwarded in compliance with circulars from headquarters Second division cavalry corps, dated April 6, 1865.
HEADQUARTERS FOURTH CAVALRY DIVISION,
Major E. B. Beaumont, A. A. G. Cavalry Corps,
I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the Fourth cavalry division during the late campaign.
To avoid delay in leaving Chickasaw, the train was seen on the nineteenth of March to Cherokee station, on Memphis and Charleston railroad, and was followed by First brigade, commanded by Brevet Brigadier-General Winslow, on the twenty-first.
The general movement commenced on the twenty-second of March-Winslow's brigade and train camping near Throckmorton's mill, the Second brigade, commanded by Brevet Brigadier-General Alexander, camping on Cane creek, twenty-five miles from Chickasaw.
March twenty-third. Left Russelville to our
right and camped at Newburg-distance thirty miles. Found plenty of corn and provisions.
March twenty-fourth. March resumed-General Alexander moving from Mount Hope via Houston toward Clear Creek Falls, General Winslow and train moving via Kinlock and Hubbard's mill, on head waters of Sipsey.
The road was exceedingly mountainous and forage scarce. First brigade made sixteen
March twenty-fifth. March resumed. Brigades united and camped at Clear Creek Fallsdistance thirty miles. Country almost destitute of forage.
March twenty-sixth. General Winslow was directed to move via Bartonville and Hanly's mill toward Elyton; General Alexander and train via Jasper and Democrat.
General Winslow, finding the Sipsey unfordable, moved down the Black Warrior to Sanders' ferry, where the division camped for the night-distance twenty-three miles.
Forage found below Sanders' ferry.
March twenty-seventh. Crossed Black Warrior over an extremely dangerous ford. General Alexander's brigade camped on east bank of Locust Fork. General Winslow's brigade marched all night and arrived on west bank at four o'clock A. M., next morning-distance fifteen miles. Provisions and forage scarce.
March twenty-eighth. Marched at ten o'clock A. M.-General Alexander's brigade camping at Elyton; General Winslow at Hawkins' plantation, two miles west-distance twenty miles.
The road was exceedingly rough, but at the end of the day's march we debouched into a beautiful valley, rich in provision and forage.
Patterson's regiment, from Northern Alabama, passed through Elyton just before the arrival of the division. Its rear was driven out by General Alexander's advance.
By direction of the Brevet Major-General commanding the corps, the train remained at Elyton till the arrival of the corps train. The division moved at 10:30 A. M., on the twentyninth, with a view to secure a crossing over the Cahawba river that night; but the ford having been obstructed by Patterson's regiment, and a heavy rain setting in, which soon raised the river, prevented more than one regiment getting across-distance fifteen miles.
The McIlvain and Red Mountain Iron Works were destroyed near Elyton.
March thirtieth. General Winslow converted the railroad bridge over the Cahawba into a foot bridge, and at half-past nine A. M. the crossing commenced. The division camped at Montevallo, distance seventeen miles.
Road was bad; forage and provisions found in abundance around Montevallo. A colliery and the Central Iron Works were destroyed near the Cahawba, while detachments sent out from Montevallo destroyed the Columbiana and Bibb Iron Works. There being strong indications of the presence of the enemy in large force, the division awaited the arrival of the corps.
March thirty-first. The Brevet Major-General commanding the corps having arrived, I was directed to move out at half-past one P. M. About two miles south of the town the advance of Roddy's division was encountered. It was immediately charged by General Alexander and driven back in great confusion upon their main position behind a difficult creek, losing several prisoners, and abandoning arms and accoutrements at every step. Dispositions were at once made to turn the enemy's right while Rodney's battery I, Fourth artillery, was placed in position and opened fire.
After some skirmishing, without awaiting a trial at arms, the enemy withdrew. General Winslow now took up the pursuit, and by a series of brilliant and impetuous charges drove the enemy till late in the night, capturing many prisoners, arms, and accoutrements.
The division, elated with having ridden down the enemy in every conflict during the day, camped three miles north of Randolph, having made fourteen miles.
April first. The pursuit was resumed as far as Randolph, where pursuant to your instructions the division took the road to the left, leading to Old Maplesville, leaving the main Selma road, along which the enemy retired for General Long's division. To cover the movement the advance guard was directed to pursue
the enemy a mile and a half, and then remain until relieved by General Long's division. Proceeding about four miles to the left of Randolph my command took a road to the right, leading through Maplesville station, and intersecting the main Selma road at Ebenezer Church.
Anticipating an opportunity to flank the enemy at this point the march of the division was hastened, and at four P. M. he was found in position, his force, commanded by General Forrest in person, consisting of infantry, artillery, and cavalry, his right resting on Mulberry creek, and his left on a high wooded ridge near Bogler's creek.
General Alexander threw his brigade into action, dismounted with great celerity, and after a stubborn fight of an hour's duration routed the enemy and captured his guns. General Winslow took up the pursuit with his brigade, mounted, captured three hundred prisoners, and drove the enemy through Plantersville, nineteen miles from Selma, where the division camped for the night, having made twenty miles.
April second. The division marched at ten A. M. for Selma, following the Second division, arriving in front of the fortifications on the Plantersville road at four o'clock P. M.
It was being placed in position, preparatory to a night attack on the enemy's right, when General Long's division carried the works in its front.
The division was immediately ordered forward, the skirmish line driving the enemy from the works in its front and capturing five guns.
General Winslow brought forward the Fourth Iowa at a gallop, and charging into the city in various directions, captured several pieces of artillery and several hundred prisoners.
The Seventh Ohio calvary was sent out the Burnsville road and captured four guns, one hundred and twenty-five prisoners, and many small arms.
April 3d. The division moved out from Selma with instructions to pursue the remnants of Forrest's command across the Cahawba, and to meet and escort the general train to the city. It returned on the sixth, having made a circuit of ninety miles.
April eighth. At nine P. M. the division commenced crossing the Alabama river on a pontoon bridge. The passage was soon interrupted by the descent of drift wood, which carried away the bridge. The breach was repaired at about two P. M. on the ninth, and the crossing resumed, but was again interrupted by descending driftwood. The breach was repaired by six P. M., and at nine P. M. the division was across, and encamped on the south bank.
General Alexander narrowly escaped with his life while endeavoring to pass a heavy log safely under the bridge.
April tenth. Marched for Montgomery, camped at Church Hill, distance twenty-four miles. Plenty of forage.
April eleventh. Marched at 5:30 A. M. Crossed Big Swamp on Big Swamp creek, and camped at
Colonel Harrison's, four miles east of Loundesborough, distance twelve miles.
It being impossible to attack successfully the tête de pont from this direction, General Alexander's brigade was placed in position along the crest of the lower ridge, while General Wins
April twelfth. Marched at 5:30 A. M., passed through Montgomery at four P. M., camped four miles east on Columbus road, distance twenty-low's brigade, making a wide detour, was sent seven miles. under cover across to the Summerfield road on the upper ridge.
Lagrange's brigade of McCook's division having been placed under my command, I received The brigade was preceded by two compaorders on the fourteenth to march to the Chat-nies of the Fifth Iowa cavalry, under Captain tahoochie, to secure the bridges over that river Lewis, who drove in the opposing picket, and either at Columbus or West Point, thereby open- charged gallantly upon a strong line of works, ing for the cavalry corps the road into Georgia. which in the darkness appeared to be the eneIn pursuance of these instructions I sent La- my's main position. General Winslow at once grange's brigade via Tuskagee and Opelika, to disposed his command for the attack, the plan of West Point, where he arrived on the sixteenth. which was to penetrate the work with disWe immediately attacked the garrison at that mounted men, and then to send a mounted force place, captured it, and secured the bridge. My through the breach, with instructions to charge own division marched directly upon Columbus, directly upon the bridge. eighty miles distant. Columbus is a fortified city of twelve thousand inhabitants, situated on the east bank of the Chattahoochie.
Three bridges span the river at this point, one foot bridge at the lower end of the city, the other foot bridge and railroad bridges are threequarters of a mile above, opposite the upper end | of the city. There is a fourth bridge at Clapp's factory, three miles above, which was destroyed upon the approach of Captain Young, of Tenth Missouri cavalry, who was sent to secure it.
On the west bank of the river, between the upper and lower bridges, lies the small town of Girard.
Mill Creek, which flows through an open valley about a mile in width, separating two prominent ridges, which approach the river perpendicularly and overlook the city, empties into the river near the centre of Girard.
The lower bridge was defended from the east bank by a rifle-pit, and three pieces of artillery sweeping it. The upper foot and two railroad bridges were defended by a téte de pont, consisting of two redoubts connected by a range of rifle-pits about three-quarters of a mile long, extending across the upper ridge, strengthened by slashing in front. The lower redoubts, situated just below the upper bridge, contained six twelve-pounder howitzers; four ten-pounder Parrott guns were in position on its right.
These guns completely swept Mill Creek Valley.
The upper redoubt contained four guns, commanding the Summerfield road. Five guns swept the railroad, and two howitzers the upper foot bridge, making in all twenty-four guns in position. The works were held by about twenty-seven hundred infantry. The division moving along the lower Crawford road, arrived about two P. M. opposite the lower bridge. Colonel Eggleston, commanding the advance guard, immediately charged to secure it, but was received with a heavy fire of artillery and musketry, while the bridge previously prepared with combustible material was at the same time fired. He therefore retired behind the ridge, Rodney's battery fired a few shots which devoloped the position of the enemy's artillery.
The assault was made about nine P. M. by six companies of the Third Iowa cavalry, commanded by Colonel Noble. The front line of works was soon carried, which being mistaken for the main line, two companies of the Tenth Missouri cavalry were ordered to charge to the bridge.
These companies, supposed by the enemy to be his own men, passed through to the works on the Summerfield road unharmed, charged and secured the bridge, capturing many prisoners. Captain McGlasson, finding himself in the enemy's rear and vastly outnumbered, rejoined his regiment. In the mean time the main line opened fire upon the right with grape and musketry. The Third Iowa pressed forward through a slashing one hundred yards deep, and after a charge unexampled in cavalry service, and with but few parallels in infantry, crowned the works.
General Winslow promptly followed up the success, ignoring the redoubt on the right, which still continued its fire. The Fourth Iowa cavalry, dismounted, under Captain Abraham, passed through the breach, turned to the right, charged the redoubt, capturing ten guns, and then sweeping across the bridge with the flying rebels, captured the two howitzers loaded with canister at the opposite end.
Mounted companies from the same regiment followed in the rear of Captain Abraham's, and after crossing the bridge, turned to the right and charged in flank the works at the lower bridge, capturing prisoners and the three guns at that point. By ten P. M. Columbus, with its vast munitions of war, fifteen hundred prisoners, and twenty-four guns, was in our hands.
This victory, which was the closing conflict of the war, was achieved with the loss of but thirty men killed and wounded.
April eighteenth. At 8:30 A. M. the division marched for Macon via Double bridge and Thomaston, arriving and going into camp at East Macon on the evening of the twenty-first.
The march was through a rich country, and the distance marched ninety-eight miles. Here official information of the armistice between
Generals Sherman and Johnston having been received, the campaign closed.
The conduct of the officers and men during the campaign is deserving of the highest commendation.
Whether mounted or dismounted, but one spirit prevailed, and that was to run over the enemy wherever found or whatever might be his numbers. Nothing but the impetuosity of the charges, whereby the enemy was not given time to defend himself, can account for the small list of casualties, amounting to ninetyeight killed and wounded.
In every conflict the troops actually engaged were vastly outnumbered. At Ebenezer Church General Alexander routed Forrest's command with less than one thousand men, while General Winslow carried the formidable works at Columbus with but eleven hundred.
From the members of my staff, Brevet Major James W. Latta, A. A. G., Captain T. C. Gilpin, A. A. D. C., Lieutenant Sloan Kock, A. A. D. C., and Lieutenant Peter Keck, ordnance officer, I received on all occasions prompt and gallant assistance.
The division arrived at Macon in good fighting condition. I respectfully refer you to the accompanying reports of the brigade commanders, in which the charges of the regiments under their command are minutely described; also mentioning the names of officers and men distinguishing themselves for gallantry and soldierly conduct.
In conclusion, I desire to ascribe the success of the division in the first degree to the zeal, energy, and ability displayed by Generals Winslow and Alexander, commanding First and Second brigades. They have shown in every battle great skill and gallantry, and possessing in an eminent degree all the qualities of a cavalry officer. I respectfully urge their immediate promotion for the good of the service.
Enclosed is a list of officers and men who have distinguished themselves, and are entitled to promotion.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
E. UPTON, Brevet Major-General, Commanding Fourth Division.
HEADQUARTERS FOURTH DIVISION C. C., M. D. M., ATLANTA, GA., May 24, 1865. Major E. B. Beaumont, A. A. G., C. C., M. D. M.
SIR-I have the honor to recommend the following promotions, to date April sixteenth, 1865:
Colonel John W. Noble, Third Iowa cavalry, to be Brevet Brigadier-General, for gallant conduct at Montevallo and Ebenezer Church, April first, 1865, and strict attention to his duties as a soldier.
Colonel B. B. Eggleston, First Ohio cavalry, to be Brevet Brigadier-General, for gallant conduct at Ebenezer Church, April first, 1865, and Columbus, April sixteenth, 1865.
Brevet Major James W. Latta, A. A. G. of
volunteers, to be Major and A. A. G., for gallantry during the campaign.
Captain Thomas C. Gilpin, Third Iowa cavalry, and A. A. D. C., to be Brevet Major, for gallantry at Ebenezer Church, April first, 1865.
Major W. W. Woods, Fourth Iowa cavalry, and A. A. I. G. Fourth division C. C., M. D. M., to be Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, for his habitual good conduct and gallantry at Selma, Alabama. Captain J. H. Simpson, Fourth Michigan cavalry, and A. A. Q. M. Fourth Division C. C., M. D. M., and First Lieutenant T. H. Brown, Third Iowa cavalry, and A. C. S., thoroughly efficient and energetic officers, for commissions in their respective departments.
First Lieutenant John S. Keck, Fourth Iowa cavalry, and A. A. D. C., for gallant conduct at Columbus, April sixteenth, 1865, to be Brevet Captain.
Second Lieutenant Peter R. Keck, Fourth Iowa cavalry, Acting Ordnance Officer, for his habitual good conduct in the field throughout the campaign, and especially for gallantry in a charge near Montevallo, on the thirty-first of March, 1865, to be Brevet Captain.
Captain Lot Abraham, commanding Company D, Fourth Iowa cavalry, for his gallantry at Columbus, April sixteenth, 1865, and Selma, April second, 1865, to be Brevet Major.
Captain Asa B. Fitch, commanding Company H, Fourth Iowa cavalry, for his great gallantry in repulsing an attack made upon the flank of the column near Montevallo, to be Brevet Major.
Captain John D. Brown, Company L, Third Iowa cavalry, for his habitual good conduct on this and other campaigns, to be Brevet Major.
Captain George W. Johnson, Company M, Third Iowa cavalry, for repeated evidences of courage and gallantry, to be Brevet Major.
Captain R. M. McGlasson, Company I, Tenth Missouri cavalry, for a gallant charge through the enemy's lines at Columbus, to be Brevet Major. Captain Samuel J. McKee, Company B, Third Iowa cavalry, for gallantry at Columbus, to be Brevet Major.
First Lieutenant George D. Womaldorff, Company L, Seventh Ohio cavalry, for his gallant conduct at Ebenezer Church, in holding a position in advance of the other troops until their arrival, receiving a terribly severe fire from front and left flank, to be Brevet Captain.
First Lieutenant J. A. O. Yeoman, First Ohio cavalry, and A. A. I. G. Second brigade, Fourth division, for his many and repeated acts of gallantry, and indefatigable courage, energy, and perseverance, exhibited on all occasions during the campaign, to be Brevet Captain.
Second Lieutenant Ferdinand Owen, Company I, Tenth Missouri cavalry, for his gallantry in leading his command over the bridge at Columbus, to be brevet First Lieutenant.
Second Lieutenant Lloyd Dillon, Company C, Fourth Iowa cavalry, for his gallantry at Selma, and good conduct and courage during other campaigns, to be brevet First Lieutenant.
The individual actions and deeds of these
officers, and the occasions on which they off to burn the iron works) was immediately particularly distinguished themselves, are more fully set forth in the report of Brevet BrigadierGeneral E. F. Winslow, and Brevet BrigadierGeneral A. J.-Alexander, to which your attention is respectfully invited.
I would respectfully recommend that medals of honor be awarded to the following named enlisted men:
Sergeant Robert S. Kiles, Company G, Fourth Iowa cavalry, who, in an individual encounter with the enemy in the streets of Garrard, manifested a spirit of bravery and determination, which entitles him to the highest commendation and reward.
Robert C. Woods, private of Company C, Fourth Iowa cavalry, who after being captured by the enemy whilst in the line of his duty at Columbus, escaped with the aid of a few others, and took as prisoners the Colonel and Adjutant of the regiment that but a short time before held him in custody.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, E. UPTON,
Major E. B. BEAUMONT,
A. A. G. Cavalry Corps, M. D. M.
[Copy Endorsement on above.]
HEADQUARTERS CAVALRY CORPS, M. D. M.
dismounted and deployed as skirmishers. After a slight skirmish the enemy retired. On the next morning my brigade again having the advance, struck the enemy at Randolph. After a slight skirmish, he retired on the main Selma road. Under instructions of the Brevet MajorGeneral commanding, I moved on the Maplesville station road, leaving the direct road for the Second division. Upon approaching within about three miles of the junction of this road with the main road, I heard sharp firing and cheers upon our right. I immediately ordered my command to trot, which gait I kept until I came upon the enemy in strong force of infantry and cavalry in position behind fences and rail barricades. Upon debouching from the woods, my advance (two companies of the Seventh Ohio cavalry) received a heavy and well-directed volley from the enemy's entire line, which killed two and wounded a number more. At the first glance I saw that my command was largely outnumbered, and therefore deployed the Fifth Iowa cavalry and First Ohio cavalry on the right, with the view of connecting with the Second division, which I was expecting to hear every instant open in the woods on my right. I ordered two squadrons to take and hold a house and outbuildings directly in front of my centre and which secured my position. The line was hour, the enemy was completely routed, leaving then advanced, and after a sharp fight of about an two pieces of artillery in our possession. In this connection I wish to have it distinctly undering to my brigade were engaged, although some stood that no other troops except those belongunofficial statements to the contrary have been made. Upon entering Selma, by direction of the Brevet Major-General commanding, I sent the Seventh Ohio in pursuit of the enemy, on the Montgomery road. Colonel Garrard, commanding the regiment, pursued him with the greatest pertinacity as far as Burnsville, despite the darkness and almost impassable roads; so active and unremitting was the pursuit that the enemy was forced to abandon four pieces of artillery, ten wagons, and a large number of small arms. Colonel Garrard also captured one The march from Chickasaw to Montevallo, hundred and twenty-five prisoners. This brigade Alabama, which occupied eight days, was made did not meet the enemy again until the sixteenth through an inhospitable and mountainous region, instant, when my advance, consisting of six comand passed without meeting any enemy. Upon panies of the First Ohio, under Colonel B. B. moving out from Montevallo my advance was Eggleston, struck the enemy's outposts at Crawopposed by the advance of Roddy's divi- ford, and followed them with such rapidity as sion, whereupon skirmishing immediately com- to prevent them burning the very important menced. I at once ordered the detachment, bridges over which the command had to pass. about three companies of the Fifth Iowa cav- Upon arriving opposite to Columbus, Colonel alry, under Colonel Young, to charge, which Eggleston charged into the town of Girard. they did in gallant style, driving the enemy a driving the enemy back to within two hundred distance of some three miles at full speed, kill-yards of their entrenchments. Upon a careful ing one, wounding two, and capturing some fifteen men, and about thirty stand of arms. The main body of the enemy were formed in position behind a difficult creek, about three miles from Montevallo. My brigade (which was much weakened by detachments being sent
Respectfully forwarded, approved, and strongly recommended. I would also request that Lieutenant-Colonel T. W. Benteen, Tenth Missouri cavalry, be brevetted Brigadier-General, for gallant and meritorious services, not only during the recent campaigns in Georgia and Alabama, but for distinguished and conspicuous bravery in the pursuit of Price out of Missouri.
JAMES H. WILSON,
HEADQUARTERS, SECOND BRIGADE, FOURTH DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS, M. D. M., MACON, GA., April 25, 1865. MAJOR-In obedience to orders from division headquarters, I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of my command since leaving Chickasaw landing on the 22d of March, 1865:
reconnoissance of the position it was deemed impracticable to attack from my front. My command was, therefore, withdrawn by direction of the Brevet Major-General commanding, and took no further part in the capture of Columbus. The march from Columbus to Macon was with