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suffering, is worthy of all praise. Cheerily, and even merrily, those who can do so, hop away to the rear on poles and sticks, or leaning on the shoulder of a comrade, and those who have fallen await the coming of the stretcher, and, in the hospital, their turn under the lance and the saw, quietly and without complaint. One poor fellow, whose life was swiftly running out in a great red stream, from a ghastly wound which severed his leg, uttered no groan, nor did his check blanch, though he knew too well that death was but a few hours off.
FOUR MILES NORTHEAST OF DALTON, GA., 1
In my last letter I gave you a brief account of the operations of this army up to the twenty-seventh, including the affairs of Generals Hooker and Wood-battles they would have been in the younger days of the war, but not now-and will now continue it to date.
occasional shells were pitched into our camp all night, though the enemy has not attempted any. thing since upon the left. This affair, it will be remembered, occurred on the evening of the twenty-seventh of May. On the evening of the next day they made a similar attempt to turn our right flank, under McPherson. About halfpast four in the afternoon, after having vigorshell-ously shelled our position for three-quarters of an hour, they made a simultaneous assault upon the works of the Fifteenth corps and the left wing of the Sixteenth, forming an unbroken front of more than a mile in extent. The Fif teenth corps, under command of General John A. Logan, formed the right of the line, and the left wing of the Sixteenth corps, under command of General Dodge, was posted on the left. The assault was one of the most furious and persistent yet made in the campaign. It was made by the corps of Hardee, supposed to be about twenty-three thousand strong, all of them seasoned veterans, and fighting with the utmost obstinacy. They rushed impetuously forward under a withering fire from our musketry, until many of them were within twenty feet of our breastworks. Five of their color-bearers were found dead in their places at that distance from our front. Fifty-four dead rebels were counted lying on the ground directly in front of one regiment, the Sixty-sixth Indiana. After they had withdrawn from the bloody field, our forces had buried three hundred of their dead, and there were yet many more, when they were ordered by the rebels, with curses, to desist, and our stretcher-bearers were at once fired upon. What better evidences than the above of the bravery, and at the same time of the barbarity of the rebels, could be asked? Yet it was all unavailing. Our forces stood like a wall, and it was to the audacious rebels a wall of devouring fire. General Logan depended almost entirely on musketry for repelling the attack, since he had few pieces in position, and fewer still (four) were enabled, from the nature of the ground, to play on the enemy. He had not yet completed the breastworks, even, but only got them in readiness on the summits of the hills and extended a little way down the sides, so that on a good portion of the front the men fought face to face, with only their good muskets for a defence. But Logan himself was a host Riding along the entire line, with an electric word for each brave regiment, swinging his hat and cheering where the bullets were thickest, his strong voice rising high above the roar of the fight, the splendid enthusiasm of the man inspired the troops with like temper, if such inspiration were needed, and insured their invincibility, which was never for a moment doubtful. "They were more than we," said the General," but we can whip them every timeevery fifteen minutes a day." And he is right, so long as himself is included in the number. With such a leader, the men who compose the Army of the West can accomplish almost miracles.
At the time of General Wood's fight with the enemy, the lines of battle had been completed, though since modified, and were after the following order: The right resting on, and extending a mile beyond Dallas, under McPherson, was composed of the commands of Generals Logan, Dodge, and Jeff. C. Davis. Its flank was protected by Garrard's cavalry. Next in order, to the left, were Generals Hooker, Howard, and Johnson, forming the centre, with General Scho, field on the left, and the flank covered by the cavalry of Generals Stoneman, McCook, and Kilpatrick. These forces were drawn out in an irregular line, running north-east and southwest, and presenting a front of twelve or fourteen miles. The location was on the southern spurs of the Allatoona range of hills, across a continuous succession of hills and valleys, forming a very broken surface, and the whole-except now and then a cleared field-covered with heavy pine and oak forests. Through this range, down into the open country beyond, pass several roads which we wish to pass over, and which the rebels intend to dispute by planting artillery on the flanking hills. Military men say they occupy a strong position; one which it will be wasteful of human life to attempt to carry by straight work. Such, then, being the position, and the rebels having felt our strength in the centre, in resisting General Hooker's advance, and having found that our line was not easily to be broken at that point, next made an attempt to break over the lines on the left, which attempt it cost the unfortunate division of Wood so many men to resist. The exact loss, so far as ascertained, of the division, and Scribner's brigade, which assisted on the left, was one thousand six hundred and ten. But many were wounded who fell into the possession of the rebels, as did nearly all the dead, so hard were our forces pressed. Some of the stretcher-bearers, even, were captured as they attempted to push too far out in the prosecution of their humane work. Batteries were at length planted which replied to the enemy's fire, and
The rebel loss is estimated at headquarters at about two thousand five hundred or three thousand, and the estimate can well be accepted when the fact I have given above is recalled. One hundred and fifty prisoners were taken, and none lost. Our loss is set down at about four hundred and eighty, in the two commands of Logan and Dodge; the exact number in the Fifteenth corps was two hundred and thirtyeight. The figures given above include, on both sides, the killed and wounded and captured, and on our side also, the trivial losses by skirmishing on the two subsequent days. Among the commissioned officers killed on our side were Colonel Dickerman, of the One Hundred and Third Illinois, Major Geisy, of the Forty-sixth Ohio, and Lieutenant Lovell, of the Twenty-seventh Ohio. The body of Major Geisy has been embalmed, and sent home to his friends. Captain Congers, of the Sixtyfourth Illinois, and Captain McRae, Sixty-sixth Indiana, were severely wounded. On the morning of the thirtieth, also, a stray shot from a skirmisher slightly grazed General Logan on the left arm, and entered the right breast of Colonel Taylor, chief of artillery to General McPherson, inflicting a very painful wound, though it is thought he will recover.
There have thus occurred, since the opening of the campaign south of the Etowah River, up to the evening of the twenty-eighth, three separate affairs which approached almost to the dignity of battles. On the afternoon of the twenty-fifth the enemy attempted to resist the advance of Hooker in the centre; on the twentyseventh they attempted to turn the left flank, under General Wood, and on the twenty-eighth, to turn the right, under McPherson. An honest statement of the facts compels the acknowledgment, that in the first they succeeded substantially, though the affair wore a sufficiently brilliant aspect from our having carried the first slight line of works, and carried on the pursuit with so much elan, till we were rudely halted by the artillery and heavier forces of the second. Our losses, too, here, being the attacking party, and encountering a severe discharge of canister, with none to answer it, was, doubtless, heavier than that of the enemy. So in the second. | Here we had little available artillery, and met a formidable fire from every species of arms. It cost us a heavy loss, but it was imperatively necessary to stop the enemy's advance. But in the action on the right it was better. The results were equally good, while the losses were far lighter, and the enemy suffered in an inverse ratio. Not that the troops were any braver on the right, or the fighting any better, for they were not, nor could they be, but they fought on the defensive.
After having remained in position before the enemy three days, and tested pretty thoroughly his strength and disposition, and ascertained that the passes were too strongly fortified to be
carried without an unnecessary loss of life, the determination seems to have been formed to march the whole line of battle by the left flank, and then, by a sudden massing of troops, to effect a passage by certain roads in that quarter, yet undefined. This plan was to have been carried out quietly and secretly during the night of this day. But, in some way, the rebels were informed of the design, or at least strongly suspected it, and succeeded in postponing its execution. This they did by noisy and buncombe attacks with artillery and musketry upon the right centre and right, which they made at frequent intervals during the night, and with so much apparent fury and purpose that our Generals deemed it unwise to attempt the movement. It is an axiom of war that a flank march in front of the enemy is the most dangerous that a commander is called upon to make, and should always be covered with the utmost secrecy. Though the enemy's fire was neces sarily aimless and vain in the darkness of the dense forests, still it was not known to what it might lead; and as it showed that our plan was discovered, the men lay quiet in their works, and allowed the skirmishers and the cannon to make reply. And reply they did, with a mighty emphasis. Five or six batteries of thunderers gave forth into the still midnight air of Georgia such sounds as they were little wont to hear, and as their deep voices reverberated, far and wide, through the forests, they admonished the impudent rebels, in tones which were not to be mistaken, of the potency of the monster they had awakened from his slumbers. As we lay that night, on our sleepless beds of leaves, while an occasional Minié sputtered through the leaves overhead, and the loud bellowing of the cannon made the whole air quake, we had a slight earnest of "the pride, the pomp, the circumstance of glorious war.' The result of all this noise and fury was, as might have been expected, very slight, twenty men wounded on our side, and probably a greater number on the other. The attack on McPherson's line was equally impudent and empty. It was repeated three several times, and caused a loss equally trivial with our own.
The last night's work had disarranged the plans for this day, and there must be new consultations, new drawing of lines on the maps, new calculations of chances and balancing of probabilities; and, meantime, the great army lies quiet, and the day is distinguished for nothing, except the endless skirmishing and picket-firing. Will they never have done with that popping and peppering of guns? Are our ears made of leather, and our nerves of tanned leather? Besides all that, there is great danger that somebody will get hit.
To-morrow will, no doubt, "usher in great events." They can not long be delayed.
A CAVALRY AFFAIR ON SHERMAN'S REAR.
KINGSTON, GA., May 30, 1864.
We had an ugly little affair on the twentyfifth instant, that cost the Eleventh Kentucky cavalry pretty dearly. The First and Eleventh Kentucky cavalry, commanded by Colonel Holman, a brave and daring officer, had advanced some ten miles beyond this place, which is a small county town on the Dalton and Atlanta railroad, thirty-eight miles from the former and about sixty from the latter place. Some of the enemy's cavalry had been discovered on our left flank, and had succeeded in capturing a few horses of the Eleventh Kentucky, who were out foraging.
On the morning of the twenty-third, our brigade, composed of said regiments, the former commanded by Colonel Adams, and the latter by Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander, and the whole under command of Colonel Holman, was ordered back to Cassville Station (a depot on said railroad about eight miles beyond this place, and about two miles south of Cassville, from which the station takes its name), to aid in protecting a train of wagons at that station. We reached that place towards noon, and in the afternoon we went into camp. On the next morning we were ordered to saddle up and be prepared to move at a moment's warning. In a short time our pickets came in, and reported they had been driven in by a superior force of the enemy's cavalry. Major Boyle, a brave young officer, took a few companies of the Eleventh Kentucky, and went in search of the enemy, but returned without succeeding in finding him. In a short time we heard brisk firing in front, and were ordered immediately to mount and advance towards the scene of action. We hastened forward, and soon learned that the enemy had attacked and burned our wagon train. The train comprised some thirty or forty wagons, which had been ordered back to this place.
The force to protect them, as I have been informed by some of the soldiers, was the Fourteenth Kentucky infantry, nine hundred and eighty-eight strong, and some two hundred of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Indiana infantry, with said brigade of cavalry, composed of six or seven hundred men. The wagons are said to have been ordered by General Schofield to move out in front. The infantry in their rear, and the cavalry again in the rear of them, General Schofield supposing that if any attack were made upon the train, it would come from the rear. And if the rebels had been accommodating enough to make the attack just at that point all would have been well, and they would have been handsomely repulsed, but the ill-bred, cowardly scamps waited until the head of the train had advanced about a mile and a half, and then attacked them about the centre, where there were no ugly guns to confront them, and succeeded in burning the greater portion of the train. The presumption is, when General Schofield gave such orders, he was not VOL. XI.-Doc. 5
aware that the enemy's cavalry had been for some days hovering about our left flank, though in what numbers it was impossible to conjecture. Fortunately, our mule train containing our ammunition was in the rear of the wagons, and was all safe.
Had one regiment of the cavalry advanced in front, and the other in the rear, with the infantry on each side of the wagons, with skirmishers thrown out at some distance in every direction, to guard against a surprise, the result would have, doubtless, been very different. The loss of property, however, was very trifling.
After this disaster the small amount of forage at Cassville Station was burned, and our whole force, with the mule trains, advanced a short distance, when the trains and infantry were halted, and the cavalry advanced across a small stream, near to which was a heavy line of breastworks and rifle-pits, made by Johnston on his retreat, and thence across an open field, and attacked the enemy in a dense oak and pine forest, entirely beyond supporting distance of the infantry. The fire from the enemy concealed in the bush was so heavy and murderous that our brave boys were immediately driven back and hotly pursued by a heavy line of the enemy across the open field, nobly contesting the ground, as they retreated before a superior force; and to increase the difficulty, our brave fellows had to file away to the right to get round said breastworks and rifle-pits. The Eleventh Kentucky cavalry had five killed on the spot, one mortally wounded, who died the ensuing night, one slightly, and two badly, though not dangerously, wounded. The names of the killed are E. Colvin, Company D; James Kallaher, Company B; Alex. Knight, Company I; Samuel Kidwell, Company D; John Smithy, Company H, and John Martin, mortally wounded and since died, of Company K. Brave fellows, they died in a noble cause. All honor to their memories. They are buried near the hospital in the vicinity of Kingston. Boards, with their names rudely carved upon them, mark the places where they sleep their last sleep. Samson Braydon, of the Sixth Tennessee infantry, a wagoner, was also mortally wounded, and died on Wednesday night, the twenty-fifth instant. A board with his name carved upon it marks his resting-place beside the others.
The names of our wounded are, Francis Lewis and Valentine Her, Company K, and Augustus Foldon, Company H, Eleventh Kentucky cavalry. There are also missing upwards of thirty, one of whom, Captain Linthark, is known to have been taken prisoner. The others are doubtless prisoners. The First Kentucky cavalry had two men wounded: Timothy Lake, badly though not dangerously, of Company C, and Lewis Huddleston, slightly. They are all doing well. These are all the casualties in our brigade so far as I can learn.
The enemy did not accomplish all this mischief with impunity. The gallant Lieutenant Hall emptied one saddle, and the brave Lieu
tenant Harris another. Lieutenant Harris also disabled one of the rebels by a blow on his head with a saber, and captured him. There was also a rebel Sergeant-Major taken prisoner. Whether the enemy sustained any further loss or not, I don't know.
Our boys state that they saw some of our men shot and others knocked upon the head after they surrendered, and three of the men that we buried have marks of having been knocked on the head; two of them had fatal gunshot wounds. The other had the side of his forehead crushed in, apparently by a blow with a clubbed gun; there were no other marks of violence upon his person.
The rebels were led by the savage Wheeler, so I am informed by the wounded rebel prisoner we have in charge. I asked him how many men Wheeler had. He replied he did not know, but that he did not think that he could have had more than seven or eight hundred.
As our force was probably double that of the enemy, had there been a combined attack by our cavalry and infantry, it might have succeeded in entirely discomfiting him.
In a little skirmish which we had with the enemy on the twelfth inst., the morning we reached our lines near Dalton, we had one man killed, James Self, a brave fellow, greatly beloved by all the boys who knew him.
Chaplain Eleventh Kentucky Cavalry.
front of the Twenty-third corps, made a dash at the Second and Third divisions with two heavy lines of skirmishers. Our advance line was obliged to fall back upon the second line, and they in turn upon the reserve, when the enemy met with such a hot reception, they fell back in disorder, leaving many dead and wounded on the field. Our loss was ten or twelve killed, and some forty wounded, in the two divisions. We brought eight rebel dead within our lines, from the immediate vicinity of our works, which were only a small part of those who fell under the steady fire of our troops. Our lines were again established in the same positions, and have not since been disturbed, except by the perpetual attention of the sharpshooters, who occasionally pick off a man. The wounded have been sent to the rear, under the arrangements of Dr. Shippen.
Killed. John Coffelt, I, One Hundred and Seventh Illinois; William Peer, B, Fiftieth Ohio; W. R. Hagel, I, Fiftieth Ohio; John Franklin, B, Fiftieth Ohio: William Wiley, A, Fiftieth Ohio; John Clotter, K, Fiftieth Ohio; Joseph Smith, F, One Hundred and Fourth Ohio; Samuel F Totten, F, One Hundred and Fourth Ohio; Thomas E. Williams, G, One Hundredth Ohio; Daniel Hager, K, Fourth Kentucky.
The enemy have been very active in shelling our line to-day, under the impression, possibly, that some change is occurring in the disposition of our lines-which may prove correct. I refrain at present from indicating what the nature of the movement is, as it may fall into rebel hands, and afford the enemy some clue to our future plans.
Everything is working well. McPherson is closing up upon our right, and the army will now be ready to make the next move on the chess-board at once.
Writing evidently under a total misunderstanding of the facts, your correspondent did the greatest injustice to General Cox's division, in the account he gave of the battle of Resacca. Your fairness will, I am sure, lead you to correct the mistake.
The chief transactions of the past three days, forming episodes in the daily and nightly skirmish firing, shelling, and assaults by the enemy on various parts of our extended and impregnable line, have been the attack upon McPherson on the extreme right, on Saturday, the twenty-eighth. Three divisions were moved to the attack at a time when he was supposed to be about to move by the flank, to close up the gap between his left and the right wing of Thomas. But, though about to move, he was found still in position, and prepared to inflict a severe chas- The division was not "last," as the correstisement upon the enemy. The fight was a se-pondent states, but was on the extreme left, and vere one, lasting about one hour, during which our men are said to have behaved with consummate coolness and courage. The enemy was repulsed with a very heavy loss. The field was covered with their dead and wounded. General McPherson reports that he buried three hundred, and had about fifty mortal cases of rebel wounded in his hospitals. The loss of the enemy cannot, he thinks, fall short of twentyfive hundred.
On Monday night there was an attempt to drive in our skirmishers in front of the Twentythird corps; but the Second and Third divisions sent them to the right about, inflicting considerable loss upon the attacking party. Our loss was not large.
On Tuesday morning, Polk's corps lying in
was the first to encounter the enemy on Saturday morning, the fourteenth of May. The column had moved through woods impassable for artillery, and the skirmishing had commenced before any battery had come up. The artillery of General Cox's division cut their own road through the woods, bridged ravines, and were on the enemy's right in position, and had opened on them about nine o'clock A. M. The Fifteenth Indiana battery, and Battery D, of the First Ohio Light Artillery, dismounted two rebel guns in a work situated to the enemy's right and rear. They also set fire to a building containing ammunition, which was burned towards eleven o'clock. The infantry of the division were the only troops that charged and actually carried the enemy's lines on that day. This was accomplished be
These statements I know, from personal observation, and from information obtained from the most credible sources, are entirely true. The statement that General Cox acted independently of orders, or in violation of them, it were hardly worth while to contradict for the information of any persons at all acquainted with that officer.
tween twelve and one P. M. They afterwards | Indiana volunteers took in the general engagekept the enemy from loading and firing their ment at this place on the evening of the sixth guns by a sharp fire upon their cannoniers. The and day of the seventh instant. On the march One Hundred and Third Ohio volunteer infantry from Savannah on the sixth, my regiment had carried the division 'standard a hundred yards the advance of the column of General Buell's to the rear of the enemy's chief rifle-pits, where army, and I sent four companies forward as an it was maintained until the regiment was re-advance guard, under command of Lieutenantlieved, after dark. This gallant act cost the Colonel Cary, leaving four with me at the head regiment two ranking captains, who were suc- of the column (two companies having been left cessively in command, the whole color-guard, and behind on other duty). On reaching the river, one hundred men. The division held its posi- with the four companies at the head of the tion, not retiring an inch, until relieved about column, they were immediately ferried over to dark, and when every round of ammunition had join those under Lieutenent-Colonel Cary, that been expended. had passed over before my arrival. On arriving on the south side of the river, under circumstances that looked discouraging to new troops, my regiment, eight companies, about four hundred strong, was formed amid great commotion and excitement. While forming the regiment one of my men was killed by a ball from the enemy's artillery. As soon as formed, I was ordered by General Buell, in person, to advance to support Captain Stone's battery, about one hundred and fifty yards distant from my place of forming, which was done in tolerable order. and as soon as the regiment was in place the firing commenced, and continued until near dusk. I there lost another man killed and one wounded, MURFREESBORO TENNESSEE,repulsed the enemy and saved the battery, which was the only part taken by General Buell's army General J. Ammon, McMinnville, Tennessee: that day. During the fore part of the night, I arrived here this morning at six o'clock. with the brigade we took an advance position The forces under my command had an engage- of about two hundred yards, and took our posiment with General Forrest between three and tion on the left of the brigade and extreme left four o'clock P. M., on the twenty-seventh instant, of the line of battle, which seemed to have been at "Round Mountain," two and a half miles from formed during the night, and lay on our arms Woodbury. He made the attack upon our rear, until five and a half the next morning, when we and, as he supposed, upon our train. But in- were ordered and moved forward with the bristead of my train, his heavy force came in con- gade in line of battle, in the front line, with two tact with the Twenty-third Kentucky, under companies thrown forward and to the left as Colonel Mundy. The enemy were handsomely skirmishers. We advanced forward, to the left repulsed, and with a portion of Captain Men of the Corinth road, about one-half mile, when denhall's battery, the right wing of the Thirty-our skirmishers engaged the enemy, we advancsixth Indiana, and Colonel Mundy's regiment, we pursued and drove them over two miles, scattering them in every direction. Our loss is four of the Twenty-third Kentucky, and one of Lieutenant-Colonel Cochran's cavalry wounded. The loss of the enemy is much larger. Your obedient servant,
FIGHT AT ROUND MOUNTAIN, TENN.
J. E. HOLLAND,
A. A. A. G.
ing steadily, and the enemy falling back for a distance of about one mile from where we lay in the morning, when the engagement became general, in strong force on both sides. Seeing the enemy making continuous efforts to turn our left, I threw out a third company as skirmishers, which, with the assistance of the skirW. GROSE, mishers from the Twenty-fourth Ohio on my Colonel, commanding Tenth Brigade. right, succeeded in saving our left from being
BATTLE OF PITTSBURGH LANDING,
HEADQUARTERS THIRTY-SIXTH REGIMENT INDIANA
SIR: In discharge of my duty, I make the following report of the part the Thirty-sixth
turned. We slowly advanced, our skirmishers maintaining their positions, driving the enemy's cavalry, infantry, and artillery before them, over the same ground fought over the previous day. About eleven o'clock my remaining five companies not on skirmish to our left, were ordered forward in conjunction with the Twenty-fourth Ohio, and a part of the Fifteenth Illinois, that had been sent to me and placed on my left, into the general fight, and engaged the enemy in strong force, they with a heavy battery, cavalry, and infantry in our front and to our left. My regiment advanced to a fence mostly thrown down, where a desperate contest ensued, during