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I returned to Point of Rocks by sunrise the next morning, and sent one squadron to Berlin and Sandy Hook to protect the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. At 11:30 A. M. I received a telegram from General Howe to repair to Frederick and ascertain the force of the enemy reported in the vicinity of Boonesboro. Calling in my forces I arrived at Frederick at eight o'clock P. M., where I received orders to report in person to Major-General Wallace, at Monocacy Junction, and by him was ordered to take two pieces of Alexander's battery and move forward by the way of Middletown and find the enemy. I left Frede-pelled to retire before vastly superior numbers, rick City at 5:30 A. M. July fifth and met the enemy's cavalry in equal force approaching from Middletown, and immediately engaged and drove them back, when they were heavily reinforced, and I retired slowly to Catoctin mountain and placed the artillery in position, from which it was able to shell the enemy's skirmish-line with effect. The enemy had used two guns of longer range and heavier metal than those of Alexander's battery, but we had the advantage in position. After five hours' skirmishing, the enemy being heavily reinforced, and flanking me, I was compelled to fall back on Frederick. For three hours I had been fighting at least one thousand men, and I could see additional reinforcements moving up from Middletown.
nocacy Junction, via Baltimore turnpike, about daylight. After two hours' rest I deployed a squadron (Eighth Illinois cavalry) on the Georgetown Pike between the junction and Frederick; sent Captain Lieb with the mounted infantry to hold a ford above the bridge where the Baltimore pike crosses the Monocacy, and one company (Eighth Illinois cavalry,) down the Monocacy, to move well round on the enemy's right flank. The squadron on the Georgetown pike met the enemy's skirmishers within a mile of the junction and held them in check until comwhich they did in good order. I moved with all the available force I had to our left, where I had been informed the enemy were making demonstrations with their cavalry. I had posted one company on the left of the infantry to cover a ford across the Monocacy, and was down between the river and the road to Buckeystown, which was the line I designed taking up, when the enemy charged across the river with a brigade of cavalry upon the company I had just posted. Lieutenant Corbit, in command of the company, drove the advance back, and for a few minutes held his ground, then retired in good order to the Buckeystown road, which he held until the infantry came to his support. The enemy dismounted their cavalry, and engaged the left of our infantry. During this time I was cut off from the main body of our forces, havrear of the rebel cavalry. Two squadrons of my regiment were also cut off, but further down the river. One squadron I directed to accomplish the work of destroying bridges and obstructions crossing over the Monocacy and making circuit of the enemy's right to join me on the Georgetown pike, near Monocacy Junction; the other squadron I brought around the enemy's flank, and took a position on the left of the infantry. During this time I had scouts and patrols on the Georgetown pike as far as Urbana, and fifty men of Major Wells' command at the latter place, patroling toward Buckeystown.
The enemy pressed me closely as I retired on Frederick, where I found an additional gun and ammunition. Placing the guns rapidly in posi-ing three orderlies with me, and directly in tion I cleared the road of cavalry and opened on the head of the approaching column, which fell back and deployed to our left, bringing up artillery which was posted south of the Hagerstown pike in a commanding position. At this time Colonel Gilpin with the Third Maryland regiment, Potomac Home brigade, came up, and being senior officer took command of all the forces. I moved to our left, and with my cavalry dismounted, engaged the enemy, fighting continually until dark, repulsing them effectually. My loss this day was one officer, Lieutenant Gilbert, mortally wounded, two men killed, and seven wounded. The enemy retired to Catoctin mountain during the night. The next morning I sent forward a portion of my regiment to find the enemy, and skirmished with them the greater part of the day, repulsing several charges and driving their skirmishers into the mountain. Captain Lieb, Fifth United States cavalry, with ninety-six mounted infantry; Major Wells, First New York veteran cavalry, with two hundred and fifty-six cavalry of various regiments, and the Independent Loudon Rangers were ordered to report to me that day, all of whom I had supporting the men of my own regiment or on the flanks watching the movements of the enemy. The loss in the Eighth Illinois cavalry, was Captain John V. Morris, one man killed, and seven men wounded. The infantry having fallen back, I called in my forces covering the rear of the column, leaving Frederick City about two o'clock A. M. on the morning of the ninth of July. I arrived at Mo
When the rebel infantry charged upon our left, and our forces had fallen back, I retired toward Urbana, skirmishing with the enemy's cavalry. They pressed me closely and made several charges. At Urbana the Seventeenth Virginia cavalry charged me with desperation, but were repulsed with the loss of their colors, their major, color-bearer, and several men killed and a number wounded. The force pursuing me was McCausland's brigade.
I had eighty (80) men of my own regiment and thirty-five (35) men of Stahl's cavalry I could not bring into action, and ordered them to the rear to enable me to keep a clear road in my rear. Deploying my eighty men as skir mishers, and making a show of having received reinforcements, the enemy dismounted their advance regiment to fight me on foot, sending their horses to the rear, and blocking up the road. I immediately called back my skirmish
ers over a hill, and fell back to Monrovia, where I found trains loaded with wounded and stragglers moving off. Crossing to the Baltimore turnpike I covered the rear of our retreating forces until they arrived at Ellicott's Mills. My loss this day was one man killed-Lieutenant J. A. Kinley-and five men wounded.
Companies C and I, Eighth Illinois cavalry, Captain Wells commanding, were entirely cut off, and fell back on Washington. Captain Lieb's men behaved well, and fell back in good order from our extreme right, forming part of the rear guard.
The Loudon Rangers are worthless as cavalry.
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient
D. R. CLENDENIN, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Eighth Illinois Cavalry. SAMUEL B. LAWRENCE,
Lieutenant-Colonel and A. A. G.
REPORT OF CAPTAIN F. W. ALEXANDER.
CAMP NO. 24, BALTIMORE, Baltimore, July 18, 1884. } Samuel B. Lawrence, A. A. G., Eighth Army Corps:
this, they proceeded around toward the left of our position, where the ground gradually rose in the distance, while on our side it sloped away. The other three guns were then placed on the hill on this side of the Monocacy, so as to meet their movement to our left. The enemy brought, as nearly as I can judge, about sixteen guns to bear on us, but owing to the advantages of the ground, and the infantry preventing them from gaining ground to our left, where they could have commanded the battery, did but little damage, though some of their guns were of heavier calibre. (The guns of the battery are three-inch rifle.) When more guns of the enemy began to appear on our left, with infantry, I moved two more guns from the hill on the right to the hill on our left. Finally, about three P. M. our troops made a charge, and drove them back, and they then uncovered their forces and came on in about three lines, and forced our troops to retreat. Our ammunition almost gave out about four P. M., but the guns were kept in position until the order was given from General Ricketts to retire by the Baltimore road. We moved out along the road which led to the Baltimore pike at a walk, and I was ordered by General Wallace, at New Market, to SIR-In pursuance of orders, I have the hon-proceed along the road to Baltimore. Two of or to make the following statement regarding the fight at Frederick and the battle of Monocacy. At one A. M. Thursday, seventh, I received an order to send a section to Frederick to report to Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin, Eighth Illinois cavalry. Lieutenant Leary of the battery reported at half-past four A. M. with his section at Frederick to Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin, and advanced at six A. M. along the road leading westwardly to Middletown. The enemy were encountered two miles this side of Middletown, and the section gradually retired toward Frederick. At eleven A. M. of the same day, I received orders to go to Lieutenant Leary's assistance with another gun and ammunition. I met them at half-past twelve P. M., and with Colonel Clendenin formed a line of defence on the edge of the town. The enemy opened on us with three guns about four P. M. About six P. M. we dismounted one gun and began to silence their artillery fire. Shortly before dark Colonel Gilpin, who, on his arrival, had assumed command, charged and forced back the rebels, and they appeared no more that night.
On Friday, eighth, the battery was filled by the arrival of the remaining three pieces at nine A. M. No engagement took place, except slight skirmishing on the Middletown road, but the battery was constantly on the move until four A. M., Saturday, ninth, when it returned to the Monacacy somewhat short of ammunition, as the fire on Thursday had been continuous all day. On Saturday, ninth, at nine A. M., I was ordered to place three guns on the hill beyond Monocacy, toward Frederick, and commenced firing on the enemy as they advanced on both sides of the pike from Frederick. They soon returned with artillery, but with little effect. Finding
the guns were left in the rear to assist in guard-
I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient ser-
REPORT OF CAPTAIN EDWARD H. LIEB.
BALTIMORE, July 18, 1864. GENERAL-I have the honor to report that I left with my command of mounted infantry on the sixth instant for Monocacy Junction. I arrived and reported to General Tyler, who immediately ordered me to move to the front and report to Colonel Gilpin of the Third Potomac Home Brigade. I reported to him and was ordered to support Alexander's battery of artillery. About twelve o'clock at night I was again ordered to move to the Monocacy pike bridge and hold it. On the eighth I was ordered again
cavalry, and took to the woods at twelve (12) o'clock at night. I arrived on the Baltimore pike two (2) miles this side of New Market, and found that the enemy had not been on the road further than New Market. I brought up the rear guard, with eight men, to one mile on the other side of Ridgeville, and there met my command. I reported to Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin for orders; he ordered me to act in conjunction with himself in bringing up the rear of our forces. I must here state that Captain Allen, of the One Hundred and Fifty-ninth Ohio, mounted infantry, repelled the rebel cavalry, killing six (6) and wounding quite a number. The enemy did not follow after he drove them back. At Ellicott's Mills I threw out pickets and re
to the front, with my command, to report to all had gone, and the rebels in possession of the Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin of the Eighth Il-ground. I met a few men of the Eighth Illinois linois cavalry. He ordered me to move to the extreme front, and turn out my men, which I did. I remained in position all day; at dusk I was relieved by a regiment of the Sixth corps, with orders to feed my horses, and procure rations for my men. I met General Tyler on the road, who ordered me to move out on the Buckeystown road and feel the enemy. I moved out about five (5) miles, and was moving on when I was ordered back to Frederick. I arrived there about twelve o'clock at night, and, in conjunction with the Eighth Illinois cavalry, brought up the rear guard to the Monocacy junction; from there I was ordered to move up the Monocacy river one mile, to the Baltimore pike bridge, to a ford and hold it. I was also requested to assist the Colonel of the One Hundred and Forty-mained under General Ricketts' orders. I sent ninth Ohio, one hundred (100) days' men, to out small parties to scout the country to the hold the bridge. I arrived at the ford and drove right, rear, and left, and drove the rebel cavalry the rebels off, placed my men in position, and back on the different roads. I sent Captain Althen returned to assist the Colonel to hold his len out on the Elysville road six miles. He position, which, at that time, was being hard came up in the rear of a few rebel cavalrymen, pressed. The rebels made a charge on the left killed two, and wounded the officers in comof the line, and drove the left in, within one mand. All that could be found on my flank were hundred yards of the bridge. I immediately a few rebel cavalry. On Monday evening, the rode up and rallied the men, and drove the ene-eleventh, I was ordered to bring up the rear of my back, captured some prisoners, and retook General Ricketts' division, and move to Baltithe old ground. I then assisted Colonel Brown more on the pike. I arrived in the city about to establish the line, and he threw his whole seven (7) o'clock in the evening, and immediately force over. The position was a very good one; reported to the commanding officer for orders, the enemy tried hard to take it, but at every and was ordered to go into Camp Carroll, and point were driven back; my men on the ex- rest my men and horses. treme left held their position, and were not troubled by the enemy. I relieved all my mounted men and placed a company of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio in their old position; took my command to the bridge for the purpose of holding it until our forces fell back on the Baltimore pike. __General Tyler requested me to draw the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio over the Monocacy bridge, as soon as possible. I reported the intention of the General to Colonel Brown, and started to carry out the order. The men commenced moving to the bridge, and were crossing; the enemy arrived in force on the opposite side, and attacked our men on the left flank. I pushed all the men over I could, and when I started to cross I found the rebels in strong force in my front; and when I started to move to the rear, found it impossible to move in that direction.
The rebels were coming in rear and on all flanks; the way open was up the river, and I started in that direction, the rebels closing in in all directions. I could not strike the ford, and was compelled to ride my horse down a very steep bluff into the river. I crossed the river, and directed the officer commanding a company of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio in what direction to move. He commenced moving before I left, and I have since been informed that he is now in the city with his command. I started to the point where I had left my men
In conclusion I am pleased to state that Captain Allen did all in his power to assist me in carrying out my orders. All the orders I gave he promptly carried out, and to my entire satisfaction. I am pleased to state that the mounted men under my command did well, more than I expected from men that have been in the service so short a time, and not used to riding. The whole time I was absent I could not find time to procure forage for my horses, and rations for my men. Not a man complained, all stood the hard marches like faithful soldiers, and in battle I cannot find fault with one of my men; all did well.
I arrived in the city with sixty-six (66) men; I left with ninety-eight (98) privates and two officers; since that time all had returned except ten; a few of my horses were shot, and I could not bring them off the field with me.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
SAMUEL B. LAWRENCE,
EDWARD H. LIEB. Captain Fifth U. S. Cavalry.
Lieutenant-Colonel and A. A. G.
Casualties in the First Separate Brigade, Eighth
THIRD REGT., POTOMAC HOME BRIGADE, MD. VOLS.
to cover my crossing over the bridge, but found | nant, George C. Wilcher, Peter Conroy, Zacha
riah Loman, Lloyd S. Buckingham, Jolin T. Gasnell, Patrick Daily, Edward Cromer, John Somerville, Thomas H. Russell, and Corporal William Uphold.
Company B-Wounded-Abraham Powell. Missing-Corporals Lewis Hampton, Josiah K. Cooper; Privates William Bishop, Frederick Devilliss, John Foreback, Frederick Hessner, B. M. Powell, and David Simmons.
Company C-Wounded-Corporal Jas. Holstead; Private James W. Rice. Missing-Private James H. D. Biderman.
Company D-Missing Privates Henry Series, Alfred Sisler, and J. J. Johnson.
Company E-Killed--Corporal J. D. Barker. Missing Privates George J. Siess, Christian Dayhuff, James Hutzell.
149TH REGIMENT OHIO NATIONAL GUARD. The medical officer on duty with this regiment, including Dr. Burnison of the Eleventh Maryland, together with the killed and wounded fell into the hands of the enemy. No report has yet been received from the commanding offi
ELEVENTH MARYLAND VOLUNTEERS (MILITIA). Wounded-John Fade, Company A (leg), Thomas Woodfield, Company C (hip). It is believed that the largest part of those heretofore reported as killed and wounded will yet turn out as prisoners or stragglers.
Alexander's battery lost three (3) men wounded, names not yet ascertained. SAMUEL B. LAWRENCE,
Lieutenant-Colonel and A. A. G.
REPORT OF G. R. JOHNSON.
Company F-Wounded-Privates J. W. Cunkelton, George W. Springer. Captured-Sergeant Michael Huffer, Corporal G. W. Barber (Paroled, Private Daniel Grey). Missing-John Donohue, Lewis Peters, Ezra T. Reese, Martin Brenanan, Reuben Myers, and John Carson. (The last named not in either engagement, as he went to the rear upon the appearance of dan-dge were there, estimated to be twenty-five or ger.)
BALTIMORE, July 13, 1864-11 o'clock A. M. GENERAL-I was in the rebel lines at Monooacy and Frederick during Saturday and Sunday last. The entire corps of Ewell and Breckin
thirty thousand (25,000 or 30,000) strong. They Company G-Wounded-Privates J. Baker, had beside a large cavalry force, say five or six J. Clabaugh, J. B. Fike, Charles Mason, D. McAl- thousand (5,000 or 6,000). They were well suplister, J. E. Shipway, Samuel Yeats. Missing-lied with artillery and stores. The main body J. Cook, G. Crouse, M. Donovan, E. Fike, A. Kayser, W. Lugenbeel, H. Mugness, A. McLean, G. W. Nalls, S. Slagman, J. Stedding, and Captain C. B. McCoy.
left Monocacy Sunday morning, and a strong rear guard left at twelve M., or one P. M. They marched down the Georgetown pike. I last heard of them at Hyattsville, on that pike. It Company I-Wounded-First Sergeant Jeffer- was said that they were making for Edwards' and son Davis, supposed to be wounded and pris- Nolan's ferries. A Union cavalry force from oner, John A. Pierce, Abraham Humble. Miss- Hunter's command entered Frederick as the ing-Jacob E. Thomas, Edward Herman, George rebels left it. The rebels' rear guard left preW. Hileman, John Nagle, and Ephraim Speck. cipitately, being under the impression that Company K-Wounded-Privates John Cass-Hunter's main force was approaching. When I ner, Andrew Mobley, D. A. Barney. Missing-left Frederick at twelve M. yesterday, Hunter Jacob Barney, Charles Phelas, Jacob Renger, was said to be at Martinsburg, with a part of George Whalen, Corporal David Graham, Pri- his force. The railroad is intact this side of vate Lewis Becan. Monocacy. I came down the pike, which is now unobstructed.
DETACHMENT FIRST REGT. P. H. B., MD. VOLS.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully
Company B-Wounded-Privates Adam Best' Major-General ORD.
Company G-Captured-Corporal Henry Nafe, Privates Rufus P. Burner, G. G. Brane, Garded Luttman. Missing-James Irvin, G. W. Gatlen, George W. Goodwin, Ephraim Stonesifer, Hezekiah Shelling, Henry Taylor, James Young. Company C-Missing-Sergeant J. R. Poffenberger, Privates Martin Glass, Henry R. Haines, George W. Palmer.
Medical Inspector, U. S. A
REPORT OF COLONEL A. L. BROWN. HEADQUARTERS ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-NINTH REGIMENT, OHIO NATIONAL GUARD, HALLTOWN, Va., Aug. 7, 1864.
Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel B. Lawrence, A. A. G.,
Eighth Army Corps:
I have the honor to report the following as the losses of my command at the battle of Monocacy, July 9, 1864 :
SEVEN COMPANIES ONE HUNDRED AND COMMISSIONED ENLISTED
Company K-Wounded-James Fisher, Wil- Killed..