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killed and wounded, one hundred and forty men, while we lost one man killed, aud eighteen

a coolness and steadiness which I venture has not been exceeded in any battle of the war. Too much credit cannot be given General Rick-wounded. The number of rebel casualties is etts for his skill and courage.

During the main fight, skirmishing across the river went on uninteruptedly, and down at the Baltimore pike bridge assumed serious form. My right, extending from the railroad to the bridge mentioned, was under charge of Brigadier-General E. B. Tyler, now supposed to be a prisoner, who, though not tried by so severe a test, met every expectation, and performed his duty with ability and courage. I do not now think myself seriously beaten; there was not a flag lost, nor a gun. The rebels captured no stores whatever, and, in face of their overwhelming force, I brought off my whole command, losing probably not over two hundred prisoners. My casualty list will be quite severe, but cannot possibly equal that of the enemy, as they charged several times in close lines, and with a recklessness that can be justified only upon the ground that they supposed my command consisted of raw militia.

Each one of his four lines of attack presented a front greater than that of General Ricketts' division, all deployed. By calculation this would give him about eighteen thousand men engaged on the left bank, while he had at least two thousand more skirmishing and fighting in my front across the river. Permit me to state that, in fighting, I had three objects in view: one to keep open, if possible, the communication by rail to Harper's Ferry, the second to cover the roads to Washington and Baltimore; the last, to make the enemy develop his force. I failed in all but the last, and from what I saw, it can be safely asserted that the enemy must have two corps of troops north of the Potomac. In the computation I include his column operating in the region of Hagerstown, that about Harper's Ferry, and the one which fought me yesterday. A rebel officer dying on the field, told a staff officer of General Ricketts that Lee was managing these operations in person, and would shortly have three corps about the Potomac for business against Washington and Baltimore. This circumstance is true; give it what weight you please. I regret to add that we were able to bring off but few of our wounded, and none of our dead. The hundred-days men straggled badly, while the men of the Sixth corps reached this place in perfect order, and covered the


given on the statements of citizens of Frederick.
I wish also to make honorable mention of Col-
onel Brown, of the One Hundred and Forty-
ninth Ohio National Guard, who, ably assisted
by Captain Lieb, United States cavalry, stub-
bornly held the Baltimore pike bridge, and
thus kept open my line of retreat.
Major-General Commanding.
WASHINGTON CITY, April 2, 1865.

Brigadier-General E. D. Townsend, Assistant

SIR-In my official report of the battle of
Monocacy I omitted to make mention of the
very great obligations I was under to Hon.
John W. Garrett, President of the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad Company, for his personal
exertions in forwarding to my support and as-
sistance promptly upon their arrival at Balti-
more, the advance brigade of General Ricketts'
division of troops. Please attach this so as to
make it a part of the report alluded to.
Very respectfully,

LEW. WALLACE, Major-General, U. S. V.

RELAY HOUSE, Maryland, July 14th, 1864.

Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel B. Lawrence, Assist
ant Adjutant-General:

COLONEL I have the honor, sir, to submit the following report of the part taken by my command in the late engagements at Frederick City and Monocacy Junction.

On Thursday, the seventh instant, LieutenantColonel Clendenin of the Eighth Illinois Cavalry, under the immediate orders of the Major-General Commanding, drew the enemy from the mountains west of Frederick City, and I reinforced him with three guns of Alexander's Maryland battery and the Third Regiment Potomac Home Brigade, Maryland Volunteers, under Colonel Charles Gilpin, then at Monocacy Junction. The promptness of these troops soon brought them in front of the enemy, who were occupying a commanding position a short distance west of the city. The action soon became warm and re-spirited, continuing some five hours, the enemy being handsomely repulsed just as darkness came upon us. The conduct of both officers and men was brave, gallant and creditable. Colonel Gilpin and Lieutenant-Colonel Ciendenin conducted themselves in the most gallant manner, deserving great credit for their skill and efficiency from first to last. These officers speak in very high terms of the officers and men under them, and they deserve it all. The three guns of Alexander's battery were served splendidly under the command of Captain Alexander, and I do but simple justice when I say that the officers and men are entitled to high

The Third regiment Potomac Home Brigade, Colonel Gilpin, of Tyler's brigade, also maintained good order. I will make a more complete report with your permission when I receive the report of Brigadier-General Ricketts. I wish to make honorable mention at this time of Lieutenant-Colonel D. R. Clendenin,_ of the Eighth Illinois cavalry; of Captain F. W. Alexander, whose battery was well served throughout the day; and of Colonel Charles Gilpin, who, commanded during the fight at Frederick City on the seventh instant, in which the enemy lost,

esteem and admiration for their skill and bravery exhibited in this action.

companies of the Hundred and Forty-fourth Ohio National Guard, under Colonel Brown, considering their inexperience, behaved well, successfully resisting several charges of the enemy. Colonel Gilpin's regiment, with the three companies of the First Maryland, Potomac Home Brigade, that were assigned him, although serving in detachments along an extended line, fully sustained the enviable reputation they had won on Thursday.

Receiving information that the enemy were being heavily reinforced, I went forward with the regiment composed of companies of the One Hundred and Forty-fourth and One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio National Guard, commanded by Colonel Brown, who took possession of the enemy's deserted lines soon after daylight Friday morning. The most of Friday was spent in cavalry skirmishing with the ene- The Eleventh Maryland was not brought into my under the personal direction of Lieutenant-action, but were exposed for a time to the Colonel Clendenin, and was very efficiently artillery fire of the enemy. done. I continued to receive reports during the day of the increasing strength of the enemy, which was communicated to the Commanding General, who directed me to fall back on Monocacy Junction, which was successfully done during the night, leaving the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio National Guard to hold the stone bridge across the Monocacy on the National or Baltimore pike.

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The cavalry was placed under the direction of Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin, who will furnish a separate report, and I would very respectfully call the attention of the Major-General to this gallant and valuable officer, and the officers and men serving under him. They certainly acquitted themselves with great credit.

A force of the enemy's cavalry came down upon me while on the right of the line near the stone bridge, and forced me, Captain Webb and Lieutenant Goldsborough of my staff, into the woods, surrounding us, and by their persistent watchfulness, prevented our following the column for nearly three days.

To the officers of my staff, Captain W. H Wiegel, Captain F. J. D. Webb, and Lieutenants Goldsborough, George W. Startzman and R. E. Smith, I am greatly indebted for their untiring efforts and energy during the whole movement. Captain Weigle, in the heat of the engagement, took command of the twenty-four-pounder howitzer on the bank of the river, serving it with marked courage and ability, and with telling effect upon the enemy. His conduct must have been observed by the Commanding General.

Saturday morning found us in line of battle, my command forming the right of the line, my left resting on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and connecting with General Ricketts, the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio National Guard and three companies of the One Hundred and Forty-fourth Ohio National Guard holding the extreme right; Colonel Gilpin's Third regiment Potomac Home Brigade, Maryland Volunteers, and three companies of the First Maryland Potomac Home Brigade, under Captain Bamford, extending along the base of the hill, holding the ford between the stone bridge and junction; and the Eleventh Maryland, Colonel Landstreet, completing my line. The enemy appeared directly in my front about nine o'clock A. M., and opened on us with artillery, and attacked in considerable force our skirmish line, formed on the west bank of the Monocacy, and composed of the troops of the First Maryland Potomac Home Brigade, under command of Captain Brown, three guns of Captain Alexander's battery (three having been SAMUEL B. LAWRENCE, sent to General Ricketts), and a twenty-fourpound howitzer soon checked their advancing lines, and the action in my front, with the exception of sharpshooters' and skirmish firing, was an artillery fight. This at times was quite spirited, continuing until near the close of the action-we maintaining our position without serious loss.

The conduct of Captain Brown, of the First Maryland, Potomac Home Brigade, and his command, merit special notice; they successfully maintained their skirmish line against a superior force, to the close, and resisted several charges of the enemy. Captain Alexander, with his officers and men, behaved in the most gallant manner, serving their guns with great coolness and effect. I desire particularly to call the Commanding General's attention to their conduct during the three days we were in front of the


The Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio, and three

I send you herewith a list of the casualties as far as we are able to obtain them at this time. Very respectfully submitted,

Brigadier-General Commanding.

Lieutenant-Colonel and A. A. G.


BALTIMORE, MD., July 14, 1864.

Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel B. Lawrence A. A. G: SIR-I have the honor to report that I left Washington, D. C., July fourth, at seven o'clock P. M. with two hundred and thirty officers and men of the Eighth regiment Illinois cavalry, and arrived at Point of Rocks at two o clock P. M., July fifth, where I found Moseby with two pieces of artillery and about two hundred men posted on the south bank of the Potomac. Dismounting one half of my command, I skirmished with him for an hour and a half, killing one of his men, and wounding two others, when he retired down the river. He fired but six shots from his artillery. I lost no men.

Hearing that he was crossing at Nolan's Ferry, I moved down and drove him back about ten o'clock P. M., and went into camp for three hours;

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tee the next nocacy Junction, via Baltimore turnpike, about and sent one acadron to sin and daylight. After two hour rest I deployed a ok to protect the Baltimore and Ohio squadron (Eighth Illinois cavalry) on the GeorgeAt 11:30 A. x. I received a telegram town Pike between the junction and Frederick; al Howe to repair to Frederick and sent Captain Lieb with the mounted infantry to the force of the enemy reported in hold a ford above the bridge where the Baltiof Boonesboro. Cailing in my forces more pike cross the Monocacy, and one comFrederick at eight o'clock pany (Eighth inois cavalry,) down the Monosolved orders to report in person to cey, to move well round on the enemy's right Wallace, at Monocacy Junction, flank. The squadron on the Georgetown pike ordered to take two pieces of wet the enemy's skirmishers within a mile of tery and move forward by the way the junction and held them in check until comand dad the enemy. I left Frede-pelled to retire before vastly superior numbers, A..July fifth and met the en- which they did in good order. I moved with in equal force approaching from all the available force I had to our left, where I d immediately engaged and drove had been informed the energy were making demen they were heavily reinforced, onstrations with their cavstry. I had posted owly to Catootin mountain and one company on the left of the infantry to cover tery in position, from which it a ford across the Monocacy and was down beall the eneroy'a skirmish-line with tween the river and the road to Buckeystown, y had used two guns of lopger which was the line I designed taking up, when her metal than those of Alexan- the enemy charged across the river with a briwe had the advantage in po- gade of cavalry upon the company I had just hours' skirmishing, the enemy posted. Lieutenant Corbit in command of the reinforced, and Banking me, I company, drove the advance back, and for a fad back on Frederick. For few minutes held his ground, then retired in been fighting at least one good order to the Buckeystown road, which he I could see additional rein- held until the infantry came to his support. The moving up from fiddletown. enemy dismounted their cavalry, and engaged prended me closely as I retired on the left of our infantry. During this time I was eere I find an additional gun and out off from the main body of our forces, havPlacing the guns rapidly in posi ing three orderlies with me, and directly in the road of onvalry and opened rear of the rebel cavalry. Two squadrons of approaching column, which my ment were also cut off, but further down deployed to our left, bringing up the river. One squadron I directed to accompeated south of the Hagers plish the work of destroying bridges and obcommending position. At this structions crossing over the Monocacy and Glipin with the Third Maryland regi- making circuit of the enemy's right to join me Potobb Boos brigade, came up, and on the Georgetowa pike, near Monocacy Juncor ofhow took command of all the tion; the other squadron I brought around the oved to our left, and with my enemy's flauk, and took a position on the left of sanded, engaged the enemy, fight the infantry. During this time I had scouts and inally til dark, repulsing them of patrols on the Georgetown pike as far as Urles this day was one officer, bana, and fifty men of Major Wells' command bert, mortally wounded, two at the latter place, patroling toward Buckeysand seven wounded. The enemy town. is mountain during the night. maring I sent forward a portion of et to and the enemy, and skirmished the greater part of the day, repulsing and driving their skirmishers montain. Captain Lieb, Fifth Uniavalry with ninety-six mounted Major Wells, First New York veteran wish two hundred and fifty-six cavalry s regiments, and the Independent LonBangers were ordered to report to me that I had eighty (80) men of my own regiment of whom I had supporting the men of and thirty-five (35) men of Stahl's cavalry I regiment or on the flanks watching the could not bring into action, and ordered them ts of the enemy, The loss in the to the rear to enable me to keep a clear road in Talinois cavalry, was Captain John V. my rear. Deploying my eighty men as skirmau killed, and seven men wounded.mishers, and making a show of having received The infantry having fallen back, I called in my reinforcements, the enemy dismounted their adforces covering the rear of the column, leaving vance regiment to fight me on foot, sending Frederick City about two o'clock A. M. on the their horses to the rear, and blocking up the morning of the ninth of July. I arrived at Mo road. I immediately called back my skirmish

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