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spondence of the department at Richmond, relative to the plans to be pursued, and also advice in regard to the transfer of rebel soldiers from the Army of the Tennessee to what they call 'Navy."


The assaulting party were clad in the uniform of the United States troops. For the better purpose of deceiving the enemy, each man had a "Sharpe's rifle," with sword-bayonet, the lat. ter sharpenened to the keenness of a razor, for the double purpose of cutting boarding net-flag, five wagons loaded with forage and officers' tings, should that obstacle present itself. The scheme was well planned, and must have succeeded had not the intervention of the obstacles mentioned taken place. The United States steamer Adele was to be boarded with the least noise possible, and, when fairly on deck, to engage the men, and quickly overpower all resistance; twenty men were detailed for the special purpose of immediately securing the captain. Their next move was to seize the code of signals; with these their true character could be concealed from our cruisers for a short time. The anchor was then to be hove up, and, get-got ting under weigh, they were to deliberately make for the Somerset, hoisting the signals and American colors; thus deceiving their enemy, they were to attack, grapple, and board, and take possession; the Chambers to be served in the same manner; and the Confederate flag run up to the peak, and, with this addition to the piratical crafts already afloat, more depredations were to befall our commerce. Happily this diabolical scheme was frustrated. Had it been otherwise, who can surmise the amount of damage which would have been done?

It is only another illustration of the watchfulness and vigilance which should be exercised at all times by blockaders.

An expedition was started to Appalach. upon the Hudson's arrival in the harbor, trusting to capture some representative of this late enterprise. After searching the town thoroughly, without any signs of the fugitive, the bugle announced the recalls; and two hours time, saw us on board of our respective vessels,

Doc. 99.


CAMP 4TH 0. V. C. KINGSTON, GA., June 6, 1864. The Second cavalry brigade, consisting of the First, Third and Fourth regiments Ohio veteran cavalry, Colonel Eli Long commanding, left Columbia, Tennessee, May twenty-second, and marching via Pulaski and Elktown, Tennessee, and Athens, Alabama, reached Decatur, Alabama, on the afternoon of the twenty-sixth. Hardly had the brigade encamped, and the horses been unsaddled, when "boots and saddles" was sounded, and the word flew that Roddy had driven in the pickets. Out went the brigade on the Courtland road, and marching six miles, the First Ohio in advance, found

pickets, rebel regiments of cavalry, apparently
on a reconnoissance. A volley was fired from
each regiment, when the First forming, part in
line to the right of the road, and part in column
in the road, charged with drawn sabres. The
rebels did not stop to pass more compliments,
but turned tail, and such running was beautiful
to behold. The First, followed by the Third
and Fourth, kept up the chase for two or three
miles, capturing fifteen prisoners, a regimental
baggage, and a number of horses and mules,
after which the brigade returned to camp. At
eleven A. M., on the twenty-seventh, the brigade
left camp, and again took the Courtland road,
After marching about
this time preceded by a brigade of infantry and
a battery of artillery.
twelve miles, we overtook the infantry and
artillery, and learned that the rebels were
stubbornly contesting their advance.
Fourth were sent to the front as skirmish-
ers, and kept the rebels going quite lively,
killing a major and several men, and had
within five or six miles of Courtland,
when the rebels opened two fires of artillery
on us, and the Fourth, now dismounted, ex-
cept the skirmishers, on right and left, were
compelled to lie down, as the rebels had evi-
dently chosen their position beforehand, and
measured the ground, for their shells passed
or burst directly over our line. The artillery
was ordered up, and opened briskly, silencing
the rebels after a little time, and again our skir-
mishers advanced, but they met with slight
opposition, and at dark we entered Courtland
and encamped. Two men were wounded this
day, in the Fourth, by shells, neither severely.
The rebel force must have been considerable, as
Roddy's headquarters had been near Courtland.
At six A. M., the twenty eighth, our brigade, and
two pieces of artillery, took the Moulton road,
the infantry and four pieces of artillery returning
to Decatur. We marched over a hill and barren
portion of country, and at two P. M., passed
through Moulton, a small village, and camped in
a woods, two miles east, on the right of the
Summerville road, the rebels firing on the rear
guard as it passed through town. We now
began to suspect that Roddy was not satisfied
with his previous experience, and intended to
try the Yankees again. The horses were kept
saddled, and we laid down ready to spring to
arms at a moment's warning, but our rest was
not disturbed. As the bugles sounded reveille,
before daybreak on the morning of the twenty-
ninth, however, our pickets were driven in, and
Roddy with his whole force, amounting (as we
afterward learned) to five regiments and two
battalions of cavalry, and four pieces of artillery,
attacked our camp. As the brigade marched
the preceding day-the Fourth in advance,
next the artillery, then the Third Ohio, and
in rear the First Ohio, so that the latter regi-
ment was attacked first; but although so little
time was given, for the rebels came with a
rush, the First was ready, and firing, dis-

have quite a force on the road to Summerville, evidently to take in the flying Yankees when he routed them, but he didn't rout worth a cent, and thought the boot was on the other foot. It was a lively engagement, each man taking a full hand, and none to spare. The boys are very jolly about Roddy's coming to breakfast with us, and getting snubbed. The same day of the fight we marched forty miles, and afterward continued our march, via Rome, to this place, which we reached this A. M.

Doc. 100.


June 9, 1864.

Yesterday morning, at a little past six o'clock, this quiet town and harbor was thrown into excitement by the appearance of black smoke in the offing. Now, in gun-boat parlance, black smoke is synonymous with English neutralityKing Cotton, or if you please, a blockade-runner. In a moment's space of time black smoke was discovered to be a large side-wheel steamer, chased by the supply steamer Newbern, and immediately the steamer Cherokee and the steam tug Lilac left the harbor to assist in the chase, and endeavor to keep her from the beach, to which she was making under a full head of steam; but all attempts to capture her were futile, and she was soon piled upon the sand. About fifteen minutes after striking she blew up, the shock of the explosion seriously straining her hull, and causing her to fill in short order. Her name was Pevensey, for

mounted and went to work heartily. By this time the shells were bursting thick and fast in and around camp, and solid shot hissed through the air spitefully, while our artillery was hard at work. The Third and Fourth had just mounted, and formed on the opposite side of the road from camp, facing Moulton, when word was brought that the rebels were advancing on our left and entering our camp. The Fourth was dismounted in a twinkling, and forming line, went across the field and road, and into the camp at a double-quick, with a yell. We were there not a second too soon; for the rebels had just entered the other side of the camp, and were flanking the First Ohio, which was already receiving a terrible fire. The woods and open space beyond, was alive with Graybacks, but the boys went straight ahead, forming in a hot fire, and driving the rebels out of the woods, up the hill, and into an open field. In this field was stationed a piece of artillery, which had been annoying us very much; but when we made our appearance, the rebels took it to the rear in a hurry, thinking we were charging it, which we should have done, had we been mounted. The Fourth now retired to the edge of the woods, closing a little to the right, on the First Ohio, when the rebels made an attack, short but sharp, on the right of the Fourth, and getting a handsome repulse, leaving several killed. Just at this time a rousing cheer from our extreme right, told that the Third had charged, mounted, flanking the rebels, who, as usual, could not stand a charge, but broke, left the field, and rushed pell-mell, into the road and across the fields toward Moulton, while after them went the Third and our artillery, the latter, at every convenient opportunity, pour-merly called the Kangaroo. She was laden ing shell into the flying rebels. The Fourth with firearms, saltpetre, dry goods, and various mounted and followed, but soon returned, as other things, and was first seen by the Newdid the other pursuers, and the fight was over. bern off New Inlet. The day before she had Having considerably disappointed Mr. Roddy, been chased by the Quaker City for more than we bethought ourselves of our morning meal, sixteen hours, and left near where she was and as it was a seasonable hour, seven A. M., and found by Lieutenant Harris. The Pevensey having good appetites, we breakfasted. The was a very large boat, and would have been to rebels left two majors, and twelve or fifteen her captors decidedly the finest prize yet taken men dead on the field. We took a lieutenant- off this part of " Dixie," being over six hundred colonel, two lieutenants, and between twenty tons, and very handsomely fitted out. For the and thirty men prisoners. Their loss in wound-time being most of the crew escaped; but, ed must have been severe. Only one man was killed outright in our brigade, and he was killed by a prisoner he was bringing in. He belonged to the Third Ohio. The First Ohio had a number wounded, two of whom have since died. The Third Ohio had several wounded, one or two dying since. The Fourth had ten wounded, one of whom, Jacob Carolus, Company C, has since died; none missing. Roddy came on with the greatest confidence, and intended to capture our whole force, for the night previous he sent to Florence, and had some of his regiments come up by forced marches to his aid, and the prisoners said that he told them that we were green Yankees, just from Ohio, and that he would rout us, and they should have our new equipments. He did

strange to say, that the second mate of the steamer remained fast asleep in his bunk after the explosion had taken place. If the weather had proved favorable, it is more than probable she would have been got off; but a strong breeze from the southward and westward soon made her a complete wreck, not, however, before some of her cargo had been secured upon the beach. A little incident relative to the subsequent capture of the officers and crew is not without interest. Acting Assistant Paymaster Woods, while riding down the beach some distance from the prize, saw some men standing near a clump of trees, and approached them. When within speaking distance, the Captainfor they were the refugees-called him with: "Colonel, how far is it from Fort Cas well?"

stating that they had just euchred the Yankees out of a fine prize. Mr. Woods seeing their mistake, resolved to profit by it, and told the captain he was happy to hear him say so, notwithstanding he was sorry he did not get her in; and remarked that, as he was riding down the beach some distance on a reconnoissance, would not object to their company, kindly volunteering to take some things for them on his horse. As the party proceeded up the strand they met Mr. James Young, Captain's Clerk of the Arletta, flag-ship of this station, who they supposed was also a Confederate officer, and again abused those Yankee boogers, both Wood and Young joining in the tirade against the good Father Abraham and also Uncle Gideon's Band until they reached the first line of pickets. Then and there Mr. Wood informed the gentlemen that they were prisoners of war to two Federal officers, excusing their deception by saying: "When ignorance was bliss to you, Monsieurs, 'twould have been folly in us to make you wise," upon which one of them coolly remarked-" It was a genuine Yankee trick.”

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MEMPHIS, TENN., June 18, 1864.

John Park, Esq., Mayor of Memphis:
SIR-Your letter of this date is this moment
received, in which you inquire if it is the "in-
tention of the military authorities to take charge
of the municipal department of Memphis in
case you are re-elected Mayor;" I answer, un-
hesitatingly, that such is the "intention."

The disloyal character of the present city government, as well as its utter inefficiency in the management of city affairs, compels me to this declaration.

of Memphis. I recall the following extract from it, viz.:


"For years a fanatical party has been growing in the North-a party that declares for itself a law higher than the constitution, or even the word of God-combining in its elements republicanism, abolitionism, free-loveism, atheism, with every other abominable is that strikes at the organization of society or the existence of free constitutional government.

"This fanatical party, as you know, succeeded, at the last Presidential election, in placing in the chair of Washington, Mr. Abe Lincoln, the man who promulgated the irrepressible conflict doctrine-a doctrine so utterly at war with all the best interests of the South, that when its author was placed in power, upon a platform fully endorsing his doctrine, and with evident determination upon his part to carry out his doctrine to the full extent, there was no alternative left for the South but to withdraw from a Union that, instead of affording peace and protection, as was originally contemplated, was to be used as a means of destroying all that was

valuable to the South.

"Had the administration at Washington fully comprehended the state of the country and its duties, war with all its horrors might have been averted. But the head of that administration had avowed his purpose of planting his foot firmly, and on assuming the reins of government, seemed to be controlled alone by his higher laws' doctrine; disregarding all constitutional restraints, he set himself up as a military dictator, whose arbitrary rule was more to be feared than that of any of the monarchs of Europe.

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Against the administration of this tyrant the South rebelled. They did right. The southern people would have been unworthy the name of freemen had they submitted to Lincoln's administration, after his purposes were fully developed."

While I have understood that you have taken the oath of allegiance, it is believed, that notwithstanding, you have never repented of any United States. This last would be a sufficient of your sins against the government of the reason for the interposition of the military authorities, but the disloyal and inefficient character of the government of which you are the head, furnishes reasons that are overpowering.

Respectfully yours, C. C. WASHBURNE,

Major-General Commanding

Doc. 102.


I hope that the citizens of Memphis, by electing a ticket friendly to the government of the United States, will relieve me from THE FEDERAL GENERALS AT CHARLESthe duty of interfering; but of this I am determined, that while I command here, there shall be no hostile municipal government within my jurisdiction.

I find that on the second day of July, 1861, you delivered your inaugural message as Mayor


HDQRS. DEPT. OF SOUTH CAROLINA, GEORGIA AND FLORIDA, CHARLESTON, June 13, 1864. GENERAL-Five generals and forty-five field officers of the United States Army-all of them

prisoners of war-have been sent to this city
for safe keeping. They have been turned over
to Brigadier-General Ripley, commanding the
first military district of this department, who
will see that they are provided with commodious
quarters in a part of the city occupied by non-
combatants, the majority of whom are women
and children. It is proper, however, that I
should inform you that it is a part of the city
which has for niany months been exposed, day
and night, to the fire of your guns.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Major-General Commanding
Major-General J. G. FOSTER,
Commanding United States Forces on coast of South Carolina,
Confederate States.


HILTON HEAD, S. C., June 16, 1864.

Major-General Samuel Jones, Commanding Con-
federate Forces, Department of South Carolina,
Georgia and Florida:

GENERAL-I have to acknowledge the receipt, this day, of your communication of the thirteenth instant, informing me that five generals and forty-five field officers of the United States Army, prisoners of war, have been turned over to you by Brigadier-General Ripley, with instructions to see that they are provided with quarters in a part of the city occupied by noncombatants, the majority of which latter you state are women and children. You add that you deem it proper to inform me that it is a part of the city which has been for many months exposed to the fire of our guns. Many months since Major-General Gillmore, United States Army, notified General Beauregard, then commanding at Charleston, that the city would be bombarded. This notice was given that noncombatants might be removed, and thus women and children spared from harm. General Beauregard, in a communication to General Gillmore, dated August twenty-second, 1863, informed him that the non-combatant population of Charleston would be removed with all possible celerity. That women and children have been since retained by you in a part of the city which has been for many months exposed to fire is a matter decided by your own sense of humanity.

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Brig. Gen. Seymour,
Brig. Gen. Wessels,
Brig. Gen. Scammon,
Brig. Gen, Shaler,
Brig. Gen. Heckman,
Col. T. G. Grover,
Col. R. Hawkins,
Col. W. Harriman,
Col. J. H. Lebman,
Col. O. H. Lagrange,
Major D. A. Carpenter,
Major H. D. Gant,
Major J. N. Johnson,
Major O. H. Barnes,
Lt. Col. E. Alcott,
Lt. Col. A. F. Rogers,
Lt. Col. C. P. Baldwin,
Lt. Col. Bartholomew,
Lt. Col. J. T. Fellows,
Lt. Col. C. A. Fairbanks,
Lt. Col. W. W. Stewart,
Lt. Col. A. W. Taylor,
Lt. Col. C. C. Joslin,
Lt. Col. D. Miles,
Lt. Col. J. D. Mayhew,

Col. W. C. Lee,
Col. R. White,
Col. H. O. Bolinger,
Col. H. L. Brown,
Col. E. L. Dana,

Col. E. Fardell,

Lt. Col. E. G. Hays,

Lt. Col. N. B. Hunter,

Lt. Col. T. N. Higginbotham,
Major J. E. Clarke,

Major W. Crandall,
Major J. Hall,
Major E. W. Bates,
Major W. Y. Baker,
Lt. Col. J. Potsley,
Lt.-Col J. H. Burnham,
Lt. Col. W. R. Cook,
Lt. Col. C. J. Dickerson,
Lt. Col. N. Glenn,
Lt. Col. S. F. Spofford,
Lt -Col. A. W. Swift,
Lt. Col. W. P. Lascelle,
Lt. Col. W. E. McMakin,
Lt. Col. W. C. Maxwell,
Lt. Col. S. Morfit.

These prisoners, we understand, will be furnished with comfortable quarters in that portion of the city most exposed to the enemy's fire. The commanding officer on Morris Island will be informed of the fact of their residence in the shelled district, and if his batteries still continue their wanton and barbarous work, it will be at the peril of the captured officers.—Charleston Mercury, June 14.

Doc. 103.


I must, however, protest against your action in thus placing defenceless prisoners of war in a position exposed to constant bombardment. It is an indefensible act of cruelty, and can be designed only to prevent a continuance of our fire upon Charleston. That city is a depot for military supplies. It contains not merely LOUISVILLE, June 18, 1884. arsenals, but also foundries and factories for the General Burbridge, some weeks ago, started manufacture of munitions of war. In its ship-on an expedition into South-western Virginia. yards several armed iron-clads have been already completed, while others are still upon stocks in course of construction. Its wharves, and the banks of the river on both sides of the city, are lined with batteries. To destroy these means of continuing the war is, therefore, our object and duty. You seek to defeat this effort,

His objective point was the Salines, where were encamped about four thousand rebels. He moved up Sandy Valley to the mouth of Beaver, where he was compelled to await supplies. Colonel J. M. Brown was ordered forward with his brigade to reconnoitre. He went to Pound Gap, and moved out into Virginia, skirmishing with

the rebels several miles, when he found that the rebels were in ambush in superior force, and were attempting to draw him into the snug trap set for him. He then fell back to the Gap, to avoid being cut off by the flanking movements of the rebels, and from the Gap fell back to Beaver; and John Morgan followed to the Gap, and, as soon as Brown left it, passed through it, taking the direct road to Mt. Sterling.

Main street and commenced their work of pillage. Hats, boots and shoes, clothing, saddles and bridles, jewelry and hardware stores, were soon burst open and their contents stolen. The Branch Bank of Kentucky was robbed of ten thousand dollars, part in gold and silver, and part in greenbacks. The Northern Bank keys were demanded, but through the luck and coolness of Mr. Cristie, one of the officials, they Colonel Brown was immediately ordered in were kept out of their possession. Just as soon pursuit, and followed close behind Morgan, as it was light a single piece of artillery was picking up stragglers. Morgan's force consist- stationed at the west end of Main street, and ed of about two thousand cavalry and seven the second shot from it cleared the business hundred infantry, without any artillery. His in- portion of the town. Fort Clay shelled them fantry and one brigade of cavalry, halted at Mt. vigorously wherever they made their appearSterling, while the other brigade of cavalry, ance, and saved from destruction about sixty under Howard Smith, passed on toward Lex- cars belonging to the Covington and Lexington ington, stealing horses and robbing citizens. railroad. By nine A. M. the rebels were all At Mt. Sterling, they robbed the bank of about gone toward Georgetown. About one hundred sixty thousand dollars, gutted the stores and and fifty shells were fired at them, but we have stole all the horses in the region roundabout. yet to learn of the first rebel being hit. The General Burbridge attacked them on Thursday fight at Lexington was a bloodless one, no man morning. He captured their rear picket, about on either side being killed. Several citizens twenty-five strong, at Ticktown, and moved up were wounded-some by the rebels, some by on the main body, completely surprising them. our men-but none very dangerously. The The inside pickets were shot down, all of them heaviest losers by the robbers were J. G. Haws, (about thirty) being killed; and Colonel Brown, $2,000; H. & J. P. Shaw, $1,200; Bassett & who was in the advance, pushed right through | Emmal, $1,200; Loenhart, $1,800; Kastle, J. S. the camp of the infantry, shooting them before Edge and William Rule, all shoe stores, who they had finished their morning nap, and at-lost stock ranging from $250 to $500 each. tacked the brigade under Griffith. Hanson's Harting's jewelry story was also robbed. Most brigade coming up, joined in the attack, and the of the money taken from the Branch Bank was little battle became fierce and bloody. Hanson special deposits, Mr. Prunket being the heaviest pushed his artillery too far forward, and the loser. Citizens were robbed of their pocketrebels charged and captured it. But before books and watches, and horses suffered terribly; they could move it off, a squadron of the over one hundred were taken from F. T. Hord's Twelfth Ohio cavalry charged the rebels and stable. John M. Clay and William McCracken recaptured the pieces. The rebels, though fight- lost their fine trotting and racing stock. But it ing very bravely, could not stand the close is useless to attempt to name all those who have pressing and murderous fire of our men, and lost horses; their name is legion. Everywhere soon broke and fled. Of the seven hundred in- they went they stole horses, from friend and foe. fantry, scarcely fifty escaped. Over two hun- On reaching Georgetown, Morgan and Howard dred were killed, about two hundred and fifty Smith demanded the keys of the bank, but were were wounded, and about the same number told that the money was run off. After leavcaptured in this little battle. Morgan was not ing Lexington, it was evidently Morgan's inin command. He was at Winchester, threaten- tention to attack Frankfort, and move out ing Lexington. Hearing of the route of his through the south-eastern part of the State, and men at Mt. Sterling, he moved on Lexington he had moved his command through GeorgeThursday night, and commenced skirmishing town in that direction. But he learned that with the small force under Colonel Cooper, of General Burbridge was at Versailles (which was the Fourth Kentucky cavalry. General Bur- false), with two thousand men, and he imbridge's force was so exhausted by their pre-mediately faced about, and, passing through vious hard service and hard fighting, that he Georgetown, again moved on Cynthiana. Genwas compelled to halt in Mt. Sterling until eral Burbridge, with his command, reached LexFriday morning. This gave Morgan time to ington about noon, Friday, and, hastily remount attack Lexington. It was defended by about ing a portion of his forces, started in pursuit. three hundred green troops. Morgan, about He came upon Morgan Sunday morning, at Cyntwelve o'clock Thursday night, made the attack. thiana, drawn up in line of battle and awaiting He fired several buildings on the edge of the him. Burbridge immediately attacked him, and town, and commenced his attack by the light in fifty-five minutes had Morgan's command they afforded. Colonels Cooper and Shackleford, routed and flying in every direction. Morgan's with about one hundred men, kent his force, loss here was about five hundred. His force about seventeen hundred strong, at bay for was divided into half a dozen parts, each part near two hours, and then fell back to Fort Clay. taking care of itself. The main force fled toThe rebels entered with a yell, and rushed toward Augusta, under Morgan himself, which

VOL. XI.-Doc. 38

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