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the enormous monetary and military power hold his liberty at the mercy of one man, but with which they have clothed the President. he is liable to be punished for inquiring wheth-What assurance has the country that we shall er the man arresting him really possessed, or ever have another Presidential election ? None only falsely pretended to possess, that man's; whatever, except what may be found in the authority! confidence,reasonable or unreasonable, reposed "The attempt to disguise the odious charater in the rectitude and patriotism of Mr. Lincoln. f this detestable act by a sham provision to If any person, in any part of the country, shall its second section is an insult to the intellithink it his duty to resist unconstitutional en- gence of the people. The Secretary of State croachments on the rights of citizens, Mr. Lin and the Secretary of War," so it reads, "are coln is authorized, by what purports to be a law, directed, as soon as it may be practicable,"' to to snatch up that individual and immure him furnish to the judges of the courts lists of the in one of the government bastiles as long as he names of the persons arrested, that they may shall see fit, and there is no power in the na- be presented to a grand jury for indictment. tion to call him to account. He can send one And who is to judge of this practicability? of his countless provost marshals into the house Why the secretaries themselves, or the Presiof a governor of a State, or any other citizen, dent for them. They will furnish such lists in the dead of night, drag him from his bed, whenever it suits their pleasure, and not behustle him away under the cover of darkness, fore. There is not only no penalty for neglectplunge him in a distant and unknown dungeon ing to do this altogether, but the main purpose and allow his friends to know no more of the of the act is to protect these officers, and all whereabouts of his body, than they would of persons acting under their directions, against the habitation of his soul,if, instead of impris- all legal penalties for all arrests wherever oning the provost marshal had murdered him. made, and all detentions in prison however With this tremendous power over the liberty long protracted. of every citizen whom he may suspect, or whom "The ninety days during which Congress has he may choose to imprison without suspecting, now been in session are the last ninety days of the President is as absolute a despot as the American freedom. Our liberties had previSultan of Turkey. All the guarantees of lib- ously been curtailed and abridged by execuerty are broken down; we all lie at the feet of, tive encroachments, but the courts remained one man, dependent on his caprice for every open for redress of wrongs. But this Congress hour's exemption from a bastile. If he wills has rendered their overthrow complete, by first it, the State governments may continue in the putting the purse and sword in the hands of discharge of their functions; but if he will it, the President and then assuring him of conevery one of them that does not become his sub- plete impunity in all abuses of this enormous, missive and subservient tool can be at once this dangerous, this tremendous power.". suspended by the imprisonment of its officers. Considering the enormous power conferred on the Presinent by the finance and sonscription bills, a reasonable jealousy would have erected

Soon after FREMONT'g removal from the Aradditional safeguards against its abuse. Instead of that, Congress has thrown down all the old my of the West, his admirers held a meeting in barriers and left us absolutely without shelter Cincinnati, the Rev. Mr. CONWAY was the prinin the greatest violence of the tempest.

cipal speaker, in the course of whose remarks "So far as the detestable act passed yester- we find the following: day is an act of indemnity to shield the President from the legal consequences of past ex- "Now that the standard of liberty has been ertions of arbitrary power, it is a confession unfurled by Fremont over the contending parthat he, his secretaries, provost marshals, and ties--a higher standard than the stars and stripes other minions, have been acting in violation or stars or bars-how wretched and despicable of law. It annuls all laws passed by the state appear the standards raised by the pigmy genlegislatures for the protection of their citizens erals who have gone out warm from the wings against kidnapping; it provides for taking all of the Administration.?? suits for damages out of the state courts and transferring them to the Federal tribunals, REPUBLICANS and before those tribunals the fact that the in

TO FIFTY UNIONS." jury complained of was done under color of

Soon after Mr. SEWARD made his great executive authority is declared to be a full and complete defense. It even inflicts penalties on speech, declaring that if need be all platforms injuries, by declaring that if they are not suc-York Tribune became indignant, and thus rap

Must be sacrificed to save the Union, the New cessful, the defendant shall recover double costs. So that the aggrived party must take ped the Senator over the knuckles: the risk of this penalty for venturing to ascer- "Senator Seward, in his speech of Thurs-, tain, in a court of justice, whether his oppres- day last, declares his readiness to renounce sor was or was not acting under the authority Republican principles for the sake of the of the President. To this alarming pass have Union. In this readiness the Senator differs matters come, that not only does every citizen totally from the almost incomparable majority


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of the Republican party, and from the Presi. and J. M. Mason ...F. A. Conway's Treasonable Speech dent elect. They regard these principles as

in Congress... Also, his Treasonable Letter to the “N.

Y. Tribune”... Garrison's Speech in Philadelphia... Exsacred. They will not forswear them at the

tr:uct froin "Wisconsin Puritan." bidding of a world of seceding and treasonable slaveholders. They see no necessity to choose SLAVERY THE "CAUSE" OF AGITATION. between them, but if such. a.choice must be

The following extracts, taken promiscuously made, they prefer their principles to fifty Unions."

from a large class, exhibit the true aims and

purposes of the radicals to agitate the slavery ABOLITIONISTS DISCOURAGE ENLISTMENTS.

question as the shortest route to a dissolution So long as the Boston Liberator supposed of the Union. Nothing can be plainer than the war was being prosecuted to save the this. It is the same old stereotyped lingo, Union, it was bitter against all who enlisted. used by PELHAM in 1796, when he boasted of Here is an extract from its columns of 1862: his object to dissolve the Union. Most of these "Hasten back to a recognition of your own

characters are the direct descendents of those manhood—of your divine origin and destiny. who voted down Virginia and Delaware, then Believe yourselves too sacred to be shot down like dogs by Jeff. Davis and his negro-mymi and now slave states, and suceeeded in keepdons, and all in the cause of slavery! Die, ing open that execrable commerce, the slave rather, at home in the arms of loving mothers trade, eight years longer than most of the South and affectionate sisters. Nay, be shot down, if wanted it, that they might enrich their comyou must, at home, and die like a Christian, merce, and sell its fruits to the and have a decent burial, rather than go and merce, and sell its fruits to the very men and die in the cause of a Union and a government communities they now denounce. The picture based on slavery, which should never have is as true as it is sad. been formed, and which are blistered all over with the curses of God for wrongs, outrages

"We believe that in the initiation of emanand cruelties it has inflicted on millions of cipation, of full and complete emancipation,

After slaveHis poor children. Speak in tones of thunder will put an end to this civil war. to the Government until it hears, and declares ry is abolished, or put in process of ultimate a policy and purpose of such a character as extinction, there will be nothing left for traitthat if you must die in battle it shall at least be

ors to fight for."--Hon John A. Bingham, of in the cause of justice and liberty

Ohio, March 18, 1862.

"The forces now moving the profound depths

of our political compact, will themselves, ere Not having room in this work for even ex- they are spent, work its (slavery's] demoli. tracts, we refer the reader for the votes on the tion."--Hon. A. G. Riddle, of onio, January various negro policies of the party in power to the Congressional Globe of 1861, pp. 5 and

"This war, without compromise or cessation

will go forward till its beneficent end (the end 159. Also to same of 1862, pp. 1179, 1653, of slavery] is accomplished through its own 1548, 2359, 2363, 1408, 2793, 3107, 3267, 2536, appointed means."- Hon. A. G Riddle, April 3397, &c.

9-There can be no Union till slavery is des

I say you cannon put down the rebellion and restore the Union without des

troying slavery."--Hon. Owen Lovejoy, of CHAPTER XVII.


“Slavery is at war with us, and slavery

must die..-Hon. Wm. Davis, of Penn., March Extracts from Speeches and Sayings : by John A. Bing- 6, 1862. ham... A. G. Riddle... Owen Lovejoy... Wm. Davis...F. A. Pike... W. P. Cutler...J. M. Ashlay...J. P. C. Shanks

"And these three-tax, fight, and emanci...John Huchings...F. A. Conway...C. F. Sedgwick... pate-shall be the trinity of our salvation. In Benj. Wade...). II. Rice...G. W. Julian...Thad, Stevens this sign we shall conquer."Hon. F. A. Pike, ...Horace Man...... Wendell Phillips... Lowell Republi- of Maine, Feb. 5, 1862. cans..." Boston Liberator"...J. Watson Webb... Boston Free Soilers... Charles Sumner..." True American

“Slavery is. a public enemy; and ought, Hampshire Gazette” ... Programme of Revolution... therefore, to be destroyed; it is a nuisance, Senator Wilson...R. P. Spaulding... Erastus Hopkins... that must be abated.

I reiterate the H. M. Addison... Abolitionists of Massachusetts...R. W. Emerson...Horace Greeley...H. Ward Beecher...S. P.

words used by the honorable gentleman from Chase...Fred Douglas... Redpath... Rev. Chas. E. Hodges Pennsylvania (Mr. Stevens) in the preamble ... Lloyd Garrison..."N. Y. Tribune "...Wm. O. Duvall to his bill now under consideration: "slavery ...Gen. Banks...Anson Burlingame... Rev. Dr. Bellows... Ingersoll, of Ill.... Defeat of the Crittenden Compromise

has caused this present rebellion, and there ... Vote in the Senate...Policy of Won't Yield-an-Inch...

can be no permanent peace and union in this Treasonable Correspondence between M. D. Conway republic so long as that institution exists.'

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27, 1862.


11, 1862.

troyed. *

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Everybody knows this to be true.

"By the laws of peace it [slavery] was enShall we occnpy the ridiculous position of hav: titled to protection, and had it. By the laws ing well nigh exhausted the blood and treasure of war, it is entitled to annihilation. In God's of a nation to suppress a rebellion, and leave name, let it still have its rights." --Hon. John the admitted cause of it untouched?-Hon

H. Rice, of Maine, May 25, 1862. W. P. Cutler, of Ohio, April 23, 1862.

(The rebels have demanded a 're-construct"In my judgment, an enduring peace can ion' on the basis of slavery, let us give them a be secured only by conquering the rebels, con- reconstruction on the basis of freedom. Let fiscating their property, and emancipating their us convert the rebel States into conquered slaves. Hon. J. M. Ashley, of Ohio, May 23, provinces, remanding them to the status of 1862.

mere territories, and governing them as such the slaves of rebels. Such others, to release in our discretion."). Hon. G. W. Julian, of enforced by the army. Hence, the army would “Sir, I can no longer agree that this Adminbe on the spot to quell any possible outbreak. istration is pursuing a wise policy. -Hon. J. P. C. Shanks, of Indiana, May 24, "I cannot agree to the policy which is forbid1862.

ding the employment and liberation of these All slaveholders, and those who sympa

men. Its policy ought to be to order our army, thize with the institution of slavery more or.

wherever they go, to free the slaves, to enlist less sympathize with this rebellion. I say that them, to arm them, to discipline them as they this is the cause of the whole difficulty now, have been enlisted, armed and disciplined evand I think that this nation is false to its own erywhere else, and as they can be here, and interests, false to humanity, false to the claims set them shooting their masters, if they will of justice, if it does not destroy the institution not submit to this Government. Call that savon the occasion now presented.- Hon. John age, if you please."--Hon. Thad. Stevens, of Hutchings, of Ohio, May 24, 1862.

Pa., July 5, 1862. . "This is the immense sacrifice we are

"On the 7th day of February, 1850, John making for freemen and Union; and yet it is P. Hale insisted upon, and along with Chase all to be squandered on a subterfuge and and Seward alone, voted to receive, refer and cheat! For one, I shall not vote another dol- consider a petition demanding of Congress 'an lar or a man for the war until it assumes a immediate dissolution of the Union, because different standing, and tends directly to an

a union with slave-holders is violative of dianti-slavery result. ---Hon. F. A. Conway, of vine law and human rights.” Kansas, Dec. 12, 1862.

John P. Hale, on the 23d of March, 1848, "We will break it (slavery) down, destroy presented a batch of eight petitions at once, it, and overthrow the institution, if the laws of demanding the dissolution of the Union.". war, under the Constitution of the country,

The Montrose Democrat of May 10th, 1856, give us the authority, as I most solemnly believe they do. I will have no disguise of my says: opinions or intentions. My stand upon the "We recollect a little over a year ago, that subject is open to all observation. I am for we heard Mr. Wilmot make the following dedestroying this hostile institution in every claration : state that has made war upon the Govern- 66'I am determined to arouse the people to ment; and if we have military strength enough the importance of the slavery issue, and get to reduce them to possession, I propose to leave up an organization through which they can get not one slave in the wake of our advancing control of the Government in 1856. And if I armies--not one "-Hon. C. I'. Sedgwick, of become satisfied that these efforts will fail, New York, Muy 23, 1862.

and that the people will not assert their rights, "I would reduce the aristocratic slaveholders I think rill send the country to h–1 the

then I'll be dd if I don't join the party that to utter poverty. I know they are conceited; I know they are essentially aristocratic. I am

quickest! fully persuaded that their minds and their feel- s'In conclusion I have only to add that such ings are so in antagonism to Republican Dem- is my solemn and abiding conviction of the ocratic doctrines that it is impossible to recon- character of slavery, and under a full sense of cile them, and we shall never have peace until my responsibility to my country and my God, we have reduced the leaders to utter poverty, I deliberately say, better disunion-better a and taken thereby their influence away. I am civil or servile war-better anything that God for doing it. It ought to be done."--Senator in his providence shall send-than an extension Wade, of Ohio, June 25, 1862.

of the bonds of slavery. --Han, Horace

Mann. "I hope and believe that before this war is ended the sun will not shine upon a slave upon “No man has a right to be surprised at this all this continent. I hope that the end of state of things. It is just what we abolitionists slavery and this war will be written together and disuniunists have attempted to bring about. upon the same page of the history of the coun- There is merit in the Republican party. It is try.-Hon. C. F. Sedgwick, June 25, 1862. the first sectional party ever organized in this

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country. It does not know its own face, but ments of this act,--the fugitive slave law-is calls itself național; but it is not national-it filled with horror. * Here the path of is sectional. The Republican party is a party duty is clear. I am proud to disobey this act. of the North pledged against the South."- Sir, I will not dishonor the home of the pilWendell Phillips.

grims, and of the revolution, by admittingResolved, That the Union was established nay, I cannot believe this will be executed to secure the liberties of American citizens.When it fails to do that, our only voice can be, let the Union be dissolved. ' -Lowell. Republi- Convention that nominated FREMONT:

Said RUFUS P. SPAULDING, a member of the can Resolution. The Boston Liberator, in an article headed, sented of the continuance of slavery, or a dis

"In the case of the alternative being prein large type—"But one issue--the dissolution solution of the Union, I am for dissolusion, and of the Union"'--recommends signatures to a I care not how quick it comes.") petition for that purpose, of which the follow

Said ERASTUS HOPKINS, a member of the ing is a spirit:

Convention that nominated FREMONT: "We therefore believe that the time has

"If peaceful measures fail us, and we are come for a new arrangement of elements so

driven to the last extremity, where ballots are hostile; of interests so irreconcilable; of in- useless, then we'll make bullets effective." stitutions so incongruous; and we earnestly re- [Tremendous applause.] quest.Congress, at its present session, to take initiatory measures for the speedy, peaceful H. M. ADDISON, of the American Advertiser, and equitable dissolution of the existing Union,

says: as the exigencies of the case require."

"I detest slavery, and say unhesitatingly, G"If the Republicans fail at the ballot-box, that I am in favor of abolition by some means, we shall be forced to drive back the slaveocrats if it should send all the party organizations in with fire and sword!"-James Watson Webb.

the Union, and the Union itself, to the devil. "Resolved, That Constitution, or no Consti- It can only exist by holding millions of human tution, law or no law, we will not allow a fugi- beings in the most abject and cruel system of tive slave to be taken from Massachusetts. 87 slavery that ever cursed the earth; it was a - Boston Free Soilers of 1850.

pity it was ever formed, and the sooner it is

dissolved the better." "I have before declared that the path of duty was clear as to the fugitive slave act, and In 1854, the abolitionists of Massachusetts that I am bound to disobey it!"-Chas. Sumner, and other states sent petitions to Congress, October, 1850.

from which the following is an extract: The Trae American, a Republican organ in "We earnestly request Congress, at its presErie county, Pa., in commenting upon a speech ent session to take such initiatory measures for delivered at a Democratic meeting says: the speedy, peaceful and equitable dissolution “This twaddle about the Union and its pre

of the existing Union as the exigencies of the servation is too silly and sickening for any

case may require." good effect. We think the liberty of a single

Said RALPH WALDO EMMERSON: slave is worth more than all the Unions God's universe can hold."

"We can no longer live in a Union with a

barbarous community." The Hampshire (Mass.) Gazette of August

Says Senator WADE, of Ohio: 23d, 1856, a Republican organ, published a

"I say there is another thing--and I put it letter from a citizen of Northampton, who has

as a question of casuistry-if the condition on been engaged in circulating there the petition which the Union is to be permanent can confor a dissolution of the Union, wherein he sist alone in trampling down nearly four milstated that

lions of your inhabitants, (i. e. the existence "More than one hundred and fifty legal vot- dare you wish that the Union should be con

of slavery,) I ask honest and honorable men, ers of that town have signed this petition.

tinued upon even these nefarious conditions? Says Senator WILSON, of Massachusetts:

No, sir; nor I, for it would be the most mise

rable selfishness that ought to damn any man "Freemen of the North have a right to gov- wishing to benefit himself from such a sacrifice ern this country. I tell you here, to-night, of all the rights belonging to human nature as that the agitation of this question of human this. (Applause.) slavery will continue while the foot of a slave

"And after all this to talk of a Union! Sir, presses the soil of the American Republic." I have said you have no Union. I say you

have no Union to-day worthy of the name. Says CHARLES SUMNER:

"Sir, I am here a conservative man, know"The good citizen, as he reads the require- ing as 'I do that the only salvation to your



Union is that you divest it entirely from all cor towards each other than these two portions the taints of slavery.

of the Republic.?? "If we can't have that, then I go for no

In a tract, by the Rev. CHAS. E. HODGES, Union at all, but I go for FIGHT.. (Great applause.) If there is any man here possess- and published by the Anti-Slavery Tract Soing a weaker spirit, let him show himself, for ciety, occurs this passage: I want to see his meek face."

"That Constitution is pro-slavery. Viewed, Says HORACE GREELEY:

then, in the light of all that is urged, (and can "All nations have their superstitions, and Clusion?) he is not a traitor to his country, but that of our people is the Constitution."

the only true patriot, as well as christian, who HENRY WARD BEECHER says:

labors for the peaceful dissolution of the

Union." "A great many people raise a cry about the

“We do not expect to dissolve the Union Union and the Constitution, as if the two were

alone. With the truest and most disinterested perfectly identical; but the truth is, it is the love of justice, humanity, and our country, we Constitution itself that is the cause of every simply ask co-operation, and, for this, appeal division with this vexed question of slavery to the conscience and understanding of the has ever occasioned in this country. It has people. There is no necessity, therefore, for been the foundation of our troubles, by at

any definite answer to the question: How do tempting to hold together, as reconciled, two opposing principles which will not harwonize time to lay out a plan of a campaign, to open

you propose to do this thing? It is not the nór agree."

trenches, dispose forces, and besiege the citaJAMES WATSON WEBB remarked in a speech del, while we have yet no forces, save only a in the convention that nominated FREMONT:

few recruiting officers. The thing to be done

now is, to urge upon every man this question: "On the action of the convention depends Are you ready? the fate of the country; if the Republicans fail at the ballot box, we will be forced to drive

Now, has this Rev. ever been denounced by back slavocracy wilh FIRE AND SWORD. any Republican press or orator? Never! Says SAL. P. CHASE:

Why? Because the Rev. CHARLES E. HODGES "Slavery in the States would not continue

votes the Republican ticket! a year after the accession of the anti-slavery Mr. GARRISON made a speech in 1856, in party to power, and it ought to be abolished which he declared: by the constitutional power of Congress."

“I have said, and I say again, that in proSays "RED. DOUDLAS:

portion to the growth of disunionism, will be

The "From this time forth I consecrate the la- the growth of Republicanism. bors of my life to the dissolution of the Union; Union is a lie. The American Union is an imand I care not whether the bolt that rends it posture, and a covenant with death, and an shall come from Heaven or from Hell!)

agreement with hell.

I am for its overthrow.

* Up with the flag of disREDPATH, the English abolitionist, who has union, that we may have a free and glorious done the engineering for the Republicans in Union of our own." the Kansas matter, has published a book, in No Republican was ever known to denounce which his purpose is frankly avowed. He GARRISON for this blasphemy, because he never says:

voted the Democratic ticket! "I believe that civil war between the North

We quote as follows from the New York and South would ultimate in insurrection, and Tribune, which was laid upon the members' that the Kansas troubles would probably create a military conflict of the two sections. desks just before the passage of the KansasHence I left the South and went to Kansas,and | Nebraska act: endeavored, personally and with my pen, to precipitate a revolution."

"We urge, therefore, unbending determina

tion on the part of Northern members hostile Now, the aforenamed traitors are not de- | to this intolerable outrage, and demand of nounced as 'copperheads," because they vote them, in behalf of peace, in behalf of freedom,

in behalf of justice and humanity, resistance the Republican ticket.

to the last. Better that confusion should enIn 1855 Senator WADE, of Ohio, made a su e-better that discord should reign in the speech in Portland, Maine, in which he de- national councils—better that Congress should clared:

break up in wild disorder-nay, better that the

Capitol itself should blaze by the torch of the "There is really no Union now between the incendiary, or fall and bury all its inmates beNorth and the South. I believe no two nations neath its crumbling ruins, than that this per: on earth entertain feelings of more bitter ran- fidy and wrong should be finally accomplished.


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