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in referring to the vote declaring the war un- [This is the locolity from which emanated necessary and unconstitutional, said:
the petition presented by Mr. Adams for a dis"I had the good fortune-and I deem it ex. solution of the Union.] treme good fortune-to have the opportunity Talk of this war as we may, shout, reto record my vote in favor of this sentence of joice, illuminate your cities, it is still a war of condemnation. In giving that vote my heart injustice, of conquest' and 'of unmitigated evil, concurred with my judgment."-[f. 321.
and it is high time that the virtuous and patriGIDDINGS said in reference to the same
otic should speak out in condemnation of it."
- Boston Sentinel, 1848. "But they (his friends) would permit him to
"The Mexican war appears to be fast settling say that he never had and never would, vote
down to a mere matter of plunder and murder. for a dollar or a man in a war which he had so
We think the war disreputable to long denounced as wicked and barbarous.?' the age we live in, and the country of which
it is our boast to be called her children." The following are extracts taken from the Boston Allas. leading presses of that day which opposed and
"If there is in the United States a breast do now oppose the Democracy:
worthy of American liberty, its impulses to “The voice of lamentation and war, heard join the Mexicans, and hurl down upon the
born all over the country, from homes and firesides base, slavish, mercenary invaders, who, made desolate by the slaughter of fathers, and
in á Republicgo to play over accursed husbands, and brothers, is sweet music to the game of the Hessians on the tops of those ears of the President and his friends, and they woful JOY, nevertheless, to hear that the
Mexican volcanoes, it would be a sad and seem ambitious to swell the chorus by increas- hordes under Scott and Taylor were every ing the victims.
We rejoice to see a large and respectable number of Whig papers What business has an invading army in this?"
man of them swept into the next world! in this and other states taking ground against
- Boston Daily Chronotype. further appropriations by Congress of men and money for the Mexican cut-throating business. "The whole world knows that it is Mexico This is as it should be." - Warren (0.) Chron- which has been imposed upon, and that our icle.
people are the robbers! So far as our Gov. "They (the Mexicans) are in the right--we ernment can affect it, the laws of heaven are in the wrong. They may appeal in confidence suspended, and those of hell established in to the God of battles, but if we look for aid to
their stead. To the people of the United States. any other than human power, it must be to the Your rulers are precipitating you into a fathinfernal machinations of hell, for thus far it
omless abyss of crime and calumny!"-N.
Y. Tribune. would seem, the devil has governed and guided all our actions in the premises."-Xenia
"It is the President's war. Mexico is the (0.) Torch Light.
Poland of America. If there were excuse for
the war, there is none for the measure which "If Congress is opposed to the war-if that opened it. But what excuse is found for the body is of opinion that it is unjust, impolitic war itself?"-North American. and of a dangerous tendency, no duty can be more binding than that of refusing the means to prosecute it. Lebanon, (0.) Star.
Polk to sanction this war, and all the outrages
of which it is the consequence? It is this: Mr. "No man, no people, looking upon the con- Polk is a weak man. He was selected to be test, can help sympathizing with Mexico, and the loco foco candidate for President because uniting in uttering a bitter denunciation against he was weak. It was this which recommended our own Government.--Cincinnati, (0.) Gazette. him to his party. It was this that elected him.
“None of the aggressors of Europe or Asia It has been said. correctly, that it is a curse ever resorted to justificatory reasons which upon any nation to have weak minded rulers.
We are under the judgment of that curse.". were so false and hypocritical as those alleged for our aggressions on Mexico."'-Kennebeck,
Valtimore Patriot. (Me., ) Journal.
"If there is any conduct which constitutes "Let every one keep aloof from this unright- moral treason, it is an attempt to embark or éous, infamous, God-abhorred war, and it will encourage the country in & war against God,
as is the case in a war like that in which we soon come to an end. The prospect is, that the Administration can get neither men nor
are now engaged."'--Louisville Journal. money to carry on the war. Thank the Lord "To volunteer, or vote a dollar to carry on for all that."--N. H. Slatesman.
the war, is moral treason against the God of "To volunteer or vote a dollar to carry on
Heaven and the rights of mankind."--Nashthe war, is moral treason against the God of
ville (Tenn.) Gazette. reason and the rights of mankind."- Haver- 66We cannot possibly look favorably upon hill, (Mass.) Gazette.
Its first act was a gross outrage upon
Mexico, and can it be supposed by Mr. POLK | CALHOUN favored, contrary to his pretended and his advisers, that an error so glaring-a school of politics.-[See same authority. crime so unpardonable, as this Mexican war, can be white-washed?" -Mt. Carmel Register.
This was just after an expensive war.
Failing to inaugurate that change of GovMr. Corwin, in a bitter speech denouncing ernment for which aristocratic aspirations had the war, said:
so long struggled by popular commotions stir"Were I a Mexican, I would welcome these red up on the basis of wars, banks, tariffs, invaders with bloody hands to hospitable, distributions, &c., the Malcontents naturally graves."
turned their attention to measures and acts These quotations might be seemingly in a
more promising and auspicious. more appropriate place under some other head, but as showing the motives of those who ever survived the wreck of sundry newspaper files
In an old, soiled and torn pamphlet, which favored a "strong Government to strike when
we had laid away years ago, occurs this proever the iron of discord was hot, with a view to
phetic language. [As the title page is entirely weld together opposing elements, to ultimately demonstrate a seeming necessity for their sys- gone, we have neither the date or name of the
author, but should judge it to have been writtem of Government, they are here inserted.
ten about the time the old Whig party gave We freely admit that many of the masses
way to the Republican party.”'] who were influenced to adopt these extreme views were not actuated by the motives that
CONTINUED EFFORTS TO DISSOLVE THE UNION. evidently governed the authors, but such is
"The fragments of the Whig party having human nature, that when the pride of opinion joined their fortunes with the abolition party, is once fixed, it can be easily controlled by we may safely predict they will now yield notharch, designing men, to further their views.
ing until they can bring about a dissolution of the Union. This seems to be their only purpose, for they see they can never control the whole Government as a unit.'
Mr. SAMUEL" ). TILDEN thus forcibly gives CHAPTER VIII.
us a clue to the provocations of war, through FURTHER SUHEMES IN THE PROGRESS OF DISSO- the columns of the New York Evening Post: LUTION EXPOSED.
? How long could an organized pauper agitaThe efforts to create a public debt to hasten the "Strong tion in England against France, or in France
Mr. KING'S $2,000,000 gift, as a against England, continue without actual hos“means”...RANDOLPH opposed...CALHOUN, as a means to an end, votes against his party... Purpose of the 'Frag- tilities, especially if embracing a majority of ments of the Whig party'!... Continued efforts to dissolve the people, and the Governments' wars have the Union... The Slavery issue used as a lever... The as often been produced by popular passions as warnings of JEFFERSON...The Slavery Agitation “the by the policy of rulers; but I venture to say, death knell of the Union”... Warnings of WASHINGTON ... The voice of JACKSON ...of HARRISON, &c.
that in the causes of all such wars, during a
century past, there has not been so much ma.
terial for offense as could be found every year
in the fulminations of a party swaying the Many have heen the projects to create a Na- governments of many Northern States against tional debt. As long ago as February 7th, the entire social and industrial systems of fif1817, Mr. King, Federalist, offered in Congress teen of our sister states; so much to repel the
opinions, to alienate the sentiments, and to la proposition to appropriate $2,000,000, to wound the pride." be divided among the states in proportion to their free population, in aid of the funds of JEFFERSON'S OPINIONS AND WARNINGS. charitable and humane institutions, bible and missionary societies, &c.!--[ See Niles Regis- JEFFERSON was a long-sighted statesman. ter, vol. 11, p. 408.
He could see as far into real party, aims and On the same day the bill to get apart and purposes as any other man. He was perfectly pledge as a fund for Internal Improvements, acquainted with the party and its ultimate dethe bonus and United States share of the divi- signs, that opposed the formation of our Gopdends in the National Bank,” Was passed by ernment, and when in later times the Mistwo majority in the House of Representatives. souri question?' was seized as a disturbing eleWhile some good men favored this scheme, it ment, he comprehended at a glanoe the object was generally supported by the Federals and of “throwing the tub to the whale," and in a ecessionists Mr. RANDOLPH opposed and series of letters he reminded the people of his
THE EFFORTS TO CREATE A PUBLIC DEBT.
forebodings of portending dissolution. On the tous question, like a fire' bell in the night,
I consid12th of March, 1820, he wrote to H. NELSON: awakened, and filled me with terror.
ered it at once as the DEATH KNELL OF THE "I thank you, dear sir, for the information UNION! It is húshed, indeed, for the moin your favor of the 4th inst., of the settlement ment, but this is a reprieve only, not a FINAL for the present of the Missouri question. I am sentence. A geographical line, coinciding with a so completely withdrawn from all attention to marked principle moral and political, once conpublic matters, that nothing less could arouse ceived and held up to the angry passions of men me than the definition of a geographical line, WILL NEVER BE OBLITERATED, and which on an abstract principle, IS TO BECOME every new irritation will make it deeper and THE LINE OF SEPARATION OF THESE STATES, deeper! I can say with conscious truth that and to render desperate the hope that man can there is not a man on earth who would sacrifice ever enjoy the two blissings of peace and self-more than I would, to relieve us from this government. The question sleeps for the heavy reproach in any practicable way. The PRESENT, but is not dead !"
cession of that kind of property, (for so it is
misnamed) is a bagatelle, which would not cost On the 5th of April, 1820, he wrote to MARK me a second thought. A general emancipation LANGDON HILL:
and expatriation could be effected, and gradu"I congratulate you on the sleep of the Mis- / be. But, as it is, we have the wolf by the ears,
ally, and with due sacrifices, I think it might souri question—I wish I could say on its death; and we can neither hold him nor safely lét him but of this I despair! The idea of a geograph-go! Justice is in one scale and self preservaical line once suggested, will brood in the tion in the other. minds of all those who prefer the gratification
''I regret that I am now to die in the belief of their ungovernable passions to the peace that the useless sacrifice of thousands, by the and Union of the country!"
generation of 1776, to acquire self government On the 13th of the same month, he wrote to and happiness to their country is to be thrown WILLIAM SHORT.
away by the unwise and unworthy passions of
their sons, and that my only consolation is to "The Missouri question aroused and filled be that I live not to weep over it!
If they me with alarm. The old schism of Federal would but dispassionately weigh the blessings and Republican, threatened nothing, because they will throw away, against an abstract it existed in every State, and united them to- principle, more likely to be Union than by gether by the fraternism of party. But the secession, they would pause before they would coincidence of a marked principle, moral and perpetrate this act of suicide on themselves, political, with a geographical line, once con- and of treason against the hopes of the world." ceived, I feared would never more be obliterated from the mind ; that it would be recur
Up to the hour of Mr. JEFFERSON's death ring on every OCCASION, and renewing irrita- this subject worked upon his mind, and caused tions until it would kindle such mutual and him much uneasiness. It was the theme of his mortal hatred, as to render separation preferable correspondence and of his conversation, for he to eternal discord! I have been among the most sanguine that our Union would be of long dur
saw in this agitation of the slavery question ation. I now doubt it much, and see the event the seeds of early and certain dissolution. On at no great distance, and the direct CONSE- the 20th of September, 1820, he wrote to Wm. QÜENCE of this question !--not by the line Pinckney: wbich has been so confidently, counted on ; the laws of nature control this, but by the Poto
"The Missouri question is a mere party mac, Ohio, Missouri or more probably the Mis- trick. The leaders of Federalism, [the same sissippi upward, to our northern boundary.
leaders now] defeated in the schemes of obMy only comfort and confidence is that I shall taining power, by rallying partizans to the not live to see this, and I envy not the present principle of monarchism [as we have already generation the glory of throwing away the charged]—a principle of personal, not if local fruits of their father's sacrifices of life and division, have changed their tack, and thrown fortune, and of rendering desparate the experi- out another barrel to the whale. They are ment which was to decide ultimately, whether
taking advantage of the virtuous people, to man is capable of self-government.
affect a division of parties, by a geographical
This treason against húman hope will:Signalize their line. They expect that this will insure them epoch in future history as the counterpart of
on local principles, the majority they could the model of their predecessors !!!
never obtain on principles of federalism; but
they are still putting their shoulder to the He wrote to JOHN HOLMES, of Maine, April wrong wheel--they are wasting jeremaids on 22d, 1820, as follows:
the evils of slavery, as if we were advocates
for it." "I had for a long time, ceased to read news- What better proof could be needed to prove papers, or to pay any attention to public affairs, the position we have taken, as' to the ultimate confident they were in good hands, and content to be a passenger in our bark to the shore, designs of the party, whose lineage we trace from which I am not distant. But this momen-| by the blood dripping from their feet?
On the 29th of December, 1820, he wrote to beyond remedy. We are now certainly furn: Gen. LAFAYETTE:
ishing recruits to their school."; "The boisterous' sea of liberty, indeed, is On the 9th of March, 1821, he wrote to
shall ride OVAR it as we have all others. It is not a moral
Last and most porténtious of all is the Misquestion, bút one merely of power. It's object souri -question. It is smeared over for the is to raise a geographical principle for the present, but its geographical demarkation is choice of a President, and the noise will be indelible. What is to become of it I see not, and kept up till that is effected. All know that per-| leave to those who will live to see it. The mitting the slaves of the South to spread into University will give employment to my remainthe West will not add one being to that unfor- ling years, and quite enough for my senile factunate condition—that it will increase the hap- ulties." piness of those existing, and by spreading them over a larger surface, will dilute the evil
On the 17th of August, 1821, he wrote to everywhere, and facilitate the means of getting Gen. DEARBORN: finally rid of it-an event more anxiously wished hy those on whom it. presses, than by souri is at length a member of our Union.
"I rejoice with you that the State of Misthe noisy pretenders to exclusive humanity. Whether the question it excited is dead, or In the mean time, it is a ladder for rivals to only sleepeth, I do not know. I see only that climb into power.
it has given resurrection to the Hartford ConOn the 21st of January, 1821, and but short-vention men. They have had the address by ly before his death, he wrote to John ADAMS: friends to seduce them from their kindred
playing on the honest feelings of our former :"Our anxieties in this quarter are all con- spirits, and to borrow their weight into the centrated in the question:
Federal scale. Desperate of regaining power “What does the holy alliance, in and out of Congress, under political distinctions (that is their formmean to do with us on the Missouri question?'.
er political names] they have adroitly wriggled "And this, by the by, is but the name of into its' seat under the auspices of morality, the case-it is the John Doe, or Richard and are again in the ascendency, from which Roe of the ejectment. The question, . as
their sins had hurled them.” seen in the states aftricted with this unfortu
Thus has JEFFERSON left on record the ponate population, is, Are our slaves to be prer litical consanguinity of the present party in Congress has the power to regulate the condi- power, by which we can easily trace their lintions of the inhabitants of the states within eage to the old Hartford Convention, and the
, that power that all shall be free. Are we then to disunion purposes and aims of the old Fedesee again Athenian' and Lacedemonian confed- ralists. They started out in 1819-20, under a eracies to wage another Peloponessian war to change of name, to work their way into power settle the ascendancy between them, or is this
on the crest of slavery agitation, and as JEFthe tocsin of merely a servile war? That remains to be seen; but not, I hope, by you or
FERSON expresses it, have wriggled” around, me. Surely, they will parley awhile, and give under various phases of political cognomens, us a chance to get out of the way. What a with varied success, until they have at length bedlamite is man."
been successful on the sectional or geoOn the 15th of February, 1821, he wrote to graphical issue that rang in JEFFERSON's ears Gov. BRECKINKIDGE:
as a 'fire bell in the night--and as; the
"death knell of the Union." No matter who "All, I fear, do not see the speck in our horizon [That 'speck” is a heavy cloud now] the individuals, the present ruling party obwhich is to burst on us as a tornado, sooner or tained the ascendency on the same principle; later. (That cloud has burst.] The line of that brought the Hartford Conventionists into division lately marked out between different portions of our confederacy is such as will nev- power in 1820, through the final triumph of er, I fear, be obliterated, and we are now
which the immortal author of the Declaration trusting to those who are against us in position of Independence saw in advance, through the and principle, to fashion to their own form the lens of prophetic wisdom, the Union expire. minds and affections of our youth. If, as has been estimated, we send $300,000 a year to the
General WASHINGTON was President of the Northern seminaries for the instruction of our Convention that framed our Constitution. As own sons, then we must have there five hund- he sat presiding over the deliberations of that red of our sons imbibing opinions and princi- body, day by day, he could not fail to have beples in discord with those of their own country. This canker is eating on the vitals of our ex
come acquainted with the peculiar views, aims istence, and if not arrested at once will be and purposes of those who opposed the form of
government he and his compatriots were en-, first line of separation would not last longdeavoring to establish. He knew those men.
new fragments would be torn off-new leaders He knew there was a powerful party at that would soon be broken into a multitude of petty
would spring up, and this glorious Republic early day opposed to the government established States, armed for mutual aggressions—loaded for he saw the evidence in the Convention, that with taxes to pay armies and leaders, seeking sooner or later this faction who were opposed aid against each other from foreign powers-to the kind of government adopted, would seek Europe, until
, harrassed with conflicts, and
insulted and trampled upon by the nations of to overthrow the Union, using the sectional humbled and debased in spirit, they would be slavery question as their Archimedean lever. w willing to submit to a domination of any miliHe knew these things, and he felt he could not tary adventurer, and surrender their liberty
for the sake of repose." retire from office and go down to his grave
Gen. HARRISON also early saw the disunion without leaving the weight of his advice to check the mad passions of those who would be purposes of the Hartford Convention-Slavery. seeking every occasion to overthrowthis gov- Agitators, and he warns us of the danger in a ernment, in hopes to build up one more to their letter to Mr. MONROE, in 1820: liking. In his Farewell. Address he said: "I am, and have been, for many years, so ::!My conntrymen, frown indignantly upon in a slave state. But I believe the Constitu
much opposed to slavery, that I will never live every attempt to alienate any portion of our tion has given no power to the General Govcountry from the rest. BEWARE OF SEC: ernment to interfere in this matter, and that TIONAL ORGANIZATIONS!-of-arraying to have slaves or no slaves, depends upon the the North against the South, or the South people in each state alone. But besides the against the North. In the end it will prove constitutional objection, I am persuaded that fatal to our liberties."
the obvious tendency of each interference on General JACKSON had the reputation of the part of the States which have no slaves "seeing through a man at a glance" He
with the property of their fellow-citizens of the
others, is to produce a state of discord and knew there were a large class of malcontents jealousy, that will, in the end, prove fatal to who desired the overthrow of the Union, and the Union. I believe that in no other state like WASHINGTON and Jefferson, he readily are such wild and dangerous sentiments enterdiscovered the lever they would use. He knew tained on this subject, as in Ohio.?? the struggle when it came would assume a sec- HENRY CLAY, the cotemporary of HARRISON tional phase, for by such pretext only, could and JACKSON, and the political opponent of the Union be overthrowu. He has left his the latter, knew the haters of the Union would, warning voice for us to ponder, over. In his on the first favorable opportunity seize upon farewell address he says :
the slavery question to further their schemes, ; "What have you to gain by divisions and and in a speech in Congress in 1839, he said: dissentions ? Delude not yourselves with the Abolitionism should no longer be regarded hope that the breach once made would be after as an imaginary danger. The Abolitionists, , wards easily repaired. If the Union is once let me suppose, succeeded in their present aim severed, the separation will grow wider and of uniting the inhabitants of the free States as wider, and the controversies which are now one man against the inhabitants of the slave debated, and settled in the Halls of Legisla- States. Union upon one side will beget union tion, will be tried in the field of battle, and on the other, and this process of reciprocal determined by the sword. Neither should you consolidation will be attended with all the viodeceive yourselves with the hope that the first lent prejudices,embittered passions and implaline of separation would be the permanent one. cable animosities, which ever degraded or deLocal interests would still formed human nature.
One section be found there, and unchastened ambition.-) will stand in menacing and hostile array If the recollection of common dangers, in against the other. The collissions of opinion. which the people of the United States have will be quickly followed by the clash of arms. stood side by side against the common foe, the I will not attempt to describe scenes which prosperity and happiness they have enjoyed now happily lie concealed from our view. Ab, under the present Constitution if all these re-olitionists themselves would shrink back in. collections and proofs of cominon interests, dismay and horror at the contemplation of desare not strong enough to bind us together, as olated fields, confiagrated cities, murdered inone people, what tie will hold united the warring habitants, and the overthrow of the fairest divisions of empire, when those bonds have fabric of human government that ever rose to been broken, and the Union dissolved. The animate the hopes of civilized man"