« PreviousContinue »
AID AND COMFORT TO THE ENEMY.
BRITISH GOVERNMENT BILLS FOR SALE.
8007 2507 2037
public that subscriptions to the new loan will be received by us, as agents, until the 25th inst, from individuals, or incorporated bodies,
We regret that we have not ample room for in sums of $500 and upwards. The subscrip- the statistics before us, all going to show that tions to conform to the regulations announced the Federals of Boston, not only combined to by the Secretary of the Treasury, dated the make a run on the banks of New York, Penn4th of April. Payments may be made in Boston ey, or in any other of the United sylvania, and the Southern states, and draw States, the subscriber paying the customary out the specie from their vaults, with a view to rate of discount. Applications will be received
create a panic, and destroy the value of their from any persons who wish to receive their interest in Boston, by letters post paid, or by currency, but they actually engaged openly in written applications, from individuals in the smuggling trade, bought and sold British Boston, and the names of all subscribers shall stocks and bills openly in State street-hoardbe known ONLY TO THE UNDERSIGNED ed the specie drawn from loyal banks and sent according to the proposals of the Secretary of the Treasury- [For more particulars see his it off to England, via. Canada, to purchase conadvertisement.] Each applicant must name the traband goods and bills. So bold had these highest rate he will give, and if the loan is traitors become in their treasonable and illicit granted, lower than his proposal, it will of conduct, that on the 16th of December, 1814, course be for his benefit, but on the other hand, if higher, he will lose the benefit of the following advertisement appeared in the being a subscriber. The certificates and all Boston Daily Advertiser: the business relating to it will be delivered free of charge.
"GILBERT & DEAN, Brokers. "EXCHANGE COFFEE HOUSE, Boston, April 12." The following advertisement appeared in the
1,2531 Boston Gazette, Aril 14, 1814:
“By CHA'S W. GREEN, No. 14, India Wharf."
This illicit intercourse with the public ene
my was strictly prohibited by Acts of Congress “Subscriptions will be received through the of 1781 and 1782. the agency of the subscriber till the 25th inst.,
These bills were constantly bought and sold inclusive.
"To avoid the inconvenience of personal ap- in the Boston market. The Federalists kept pearance to subscribe, applications in writing up a line of communication with Quebec, to will be received from any part of the state. which place they exported specie, and from Each applicant will name the highest rate he which place they brought back British bills, will give, and if the loan shall be granted, lower than his proposal, he will reap the ben- which they forwarded to England to purchase efit, but if higher than his offer, he will have contraband goods with, and so universal was no share in it. The amount, rate and name of the sentiment of resistance to the General any applicant, shall, at his request, be known only to the subscriber. All the business shall Government, in Massachusetts, and so little be transacted, and certificates delivered to the respect was there existing for the Union, that subscribers, without expense.
this illicit and treasonable intercourse was "JESSE PUTNAM."
kept up with the public enemy, all through the Upon which the Boston Gazette of the same war, and the sentiment adverse to it was too date remarked as follows:
weak to risk complaint and exposure. The me"How degraded must our Government be, ment our government gunboats were out of Boseven in their own eyes, when they resort to ton harbor, the Federalists would hoist their such tricks to obtain money, which a common signal Blue Lights, and the British merchantJew broker would be ashamed of! They must be well acquainted with the fabric of the men
men that continually hovered about the Massawho are to loan them money, when they, offer, chusetts coast, would come in, deliver their that if they will have the goodness to do it, contraband cargo, receive specie and British their names shall not be exposed to the world! bills in exchange, and return for another car
Perhaps monied men may be bribed by the high interest that is offered, but if they go. Says Mr. Carey: withhold their aid, and so force the Govern- "There is no country in the world, but the ment into a peace, will not their capital be United States, wherein such crimes could be better employed, if engaged in trade?
perpetrated with impunity. Even by our mild“On the whole, we think it no way to get est of all mild constitutions, it is treason !" out of war, to give money to the Government when the very thing that prevents them from
These acts were not only treasonable, but carrying it on is the want of money! ;) they were the essence of treason, itself, and if
Mr. Madison and caused the arrest of the cipal source of the freedom, wealth and geneleaders in the guilt, and confined them in ral prosperity of this recently iappy and floursome Government Fort, and transported them
ishing people," &c. "beyond the lines," he would have been sus.
And continue the Committee : tained by the just verdict of the nation. But "The memorialists see in this deploriable dehe did not do it. He knew perhaps that all scent from national greatness, a determination
to harrass and annihilate that spirit of comNew England was so bent on the destruction
merce," &c. of the Government, that it would make matters worse to have aroused a worse hostility A WAIF FROM THE than he had already met with. 0, that Mr.
And this key note of false alarm to the peoLINCOLN, for his sake, could have been justified by a tithe of provocation and excuse in ple was taken up by the Hartford Convention
from the Address of which we copy: his arrest and banishment of Mr. VALLANDIGHAM and others. But in his reply to the Ohio calamities are deep and permanent. They niay
(Events may prove that the causes of our and Albany committees, he is bound to say be found to proceed, not merely from the blindthat Mr. V. had committed no crime, that he ness of prejudice, pride of opinion, violence of was arrested and banished because it was feard party spirit, or the confusion of the times, but he might do something criminal! and Mr. they may be traced to implacable combinations
of individuals or states, to monopolize power LINCOLN lays down the general rule of "disloy- and office, and to trample without remorse upon alty,” according to the reigning nomencla- the rights aud interests of the commercial secture, to be the use of a but,?? or "and" or "Sif"
tions of the Union.
“The Administration, after a long perseveor "saying nothing," when one is standing by, rance in plans to baffle every effort of commerlistening to criticism on the conduct of gov- cial enterprise, had fatally succeeded in their ernmental affairs. This is the difference be- attempts at the epoch of the war." tween Mr. MADISON and Mr. LINCOLN in this In concluding this part of our subject, we regard. But to proceed. On all occasions, refer the reader to the following notable Fedthe Federalists, who were dissatisfied with our eralists, who in various ways have had a hand Government, sought to enlist sectional animos- in fulminating the foregoing treasonable exities. From a joint report to the two Houses tracts, with hundreds of others, "too numerous of the Massachusetts Legislature, Feb. 18, to mention”: the Brookses, the Strongs, the 1814, we extract the following:
Otises, and the Quincys, of Boston; the Clark"They (the South) have seen, at first an
sons, Rays, Ludlows, Remsons, Ogdens, Pearill concealed, but at last an open and undis- salls, Lenoxes, Harrisons, Lawrences, McCorguised jealousy of the wealth and power of micks, Colemans, and Webbs, of New York; the commercial states, operating in continued the Willings, Francises, Norrises, Biddles, efforts to embarrass and destroy that commerce, which is their life and support.").
Latimers, Filghmans, Waluses, Ralstones, and Lewises, of Philadelphia; and the Gilmans, the Olivers, the Stewarts, the Howards, the
Smiths, the Briggses, the Grahams, and the This report sets up the propriety, justice
Coopers, of Baltimore. and necessity of forcible resistance to the Gen
The Federals were in power in Congress eral Government, and then adds:
during the Administration of Gen. WASHING"The question is not a question of power or Ton, and completely in power during the Adright, with this Legislature, but of time or
ministration of the elder ADAMS.
Then was expediency."
their time to put in motion their machinery for And the committee proceed:
a "strong government." The occasion was “There exists in all parts of this Common- ripe, says CAREY, and they passed an alien wealth, a fear, and in many, a settled belief, law, calculated, under pretext of military nethat the cause of foreign and domestic policy, pursued by the government of the United cessity, to eventually keep all foreign born States for several years past, has its founda- people from participating in our Government tion in a deliberate intention to impair, if affairs. They knew that the "foreign element" not to destroy that free spirit and exercise of when one settled in this country, went with the commerce, which, aided by the habits, manners and institutions of our ancestors, and the bless- Democratic party, hence the alien law, under ings of Divine Providence, have been the prin- a plausible pretext, to cruse out that element,
APPEALING TO SECTIONAL JEALOUSIES.
THE SUDITION LAW.
and to enable them to hold the reigns of Constitution of the United States, or to resist,
oppose or defeat any such law or act, or to aid, power.
. In the series of measures for their “strong eign nation against the United States, their
engage or abet any hostile designs of any forgovernment was also the sedition law. people or Government, then such person being
Having determined to force the Government thereof convicted before the Court of the Uniinto radical extremes, the Federals, knowing ted States having jurisdiction thereof, shall be
punished by a fine, not exceeding $2,000, and their conduct would be criticised, and through by imprisonment not exceeding two years. criticism and free discussion their purposes Sec. 3. And be it further enacted and dethwarted, they set about the means to prevent clared, That if any person shall be prosecu
ted under this act for writing or publishing any such discussion, and the following law was in- libel as aforesaid, it shall be lawful for the tended for that purpose.
defendent upon the trial of the cause to give in evidence in his defense the truth of the mat
ter contained in the publication charged as a "Sec. 1. Be it enacted, &-c., If any persons libel
, [this is milder than the action against shall unlawfully combine or conspire together shall try the cause, shall have a right to deter
VALLANDIGHAM and others] and the jury, who with intent to oppose any measure or measures of the Government of the United States of the court, as in other cases.
mine the law and the fact, under the direction (then as now the Government was the party] which are, or shall be directed by the proper this act shall continue and be in force until the
"Sec 4. And be it further enacted, That authority, or to impede the operation of any 3d day of March, 1801, and no longer, provilaw of the United States, or to intimidate or
the act fice in or under the Government of the United prevent or defeat a prosecution and punishment States, from undertaking, performing or exe- it shall be in force.
of any offence against the law during the
time cuting his trust, or duty, and if any person or
"JULY 17, 1798." persons with intent as aforesaid, shall counsel, advise or attempt to procure any insurrection,
OBJECTS OF THE SEDITION LAW. riot, unlawful assembly or combination, whether such conspiracy, threatening, counsel, ad- Thus, this law was to continue to the very vice, or attempt, shall have the proposed effect day the then Federal Administration was to go ar not, he or they shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor and on conviction before
out of power, and no longer, and if they any Court of the United States having juris- should succeed in prolonging their power, it diction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not could be re-enacted. The reader will see from exceeding five thousand dollars, and by im- this its real object, which was to silence all opprisonment, during a term not less than six months nor exceeding five years, and further, position to the Federal Administration, while at the discretion of the Court, may be holden they proceeded to mould their "strong governto find sureties for his or their good behaviorment." in such sum and for such time as the said
Under this act, MATHEW Lyon, of Vermont Court may direct.
“Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if was put in prison for speaking disrepectful of any person shall write, print, utter or publish, the President. A "culprit” or shall cause or procure to be written, printed, uttered or published, or shall knowingly or
"Was found guilty and punished in New willingly aid in writing, printing, uttering or Jersey for the simple wish that the wadding of publishing any false, scandalous and malicious a gun, discharged on a festive day, had made writing or writings against the Government
an inroad into, or pierced the posterior of Mr. (the party in power) of the United States, or Adams, the President,” &c.--[ Olive Branch, either House of the Congress of the United P. 89. States, or the President of the United States,
WE, THE GOVERNMENT IN 1798. with intent to defame the said Government, or either House of the Congress, or the said Presi
Many other similar cases are recorded, but: dent, or to bring them or either of them into this will suffice. The Federals of that day, contempt or disrepute (see Gen. Hascall's order
were great sticklers for "sustaining the Gove for a copy from this] or to excite against them,
m, ernment.?' Everything the "Government " or either, or any of them, the hatred of the good people of the United States, or to stir up chose to propose or do, must be acquiesced in sedition within the United States, or to excite by the people without a murmur, as it is at the any unlawful combination therein for opposing present day. They were in power then. We or resisting any law of the United States, or
will give a few samples. any act of the President of the United States, done in pursuance of any such law [this is "I believe that some of the old French much milder than the law of indemnity of leaven remains against us, and that some vile 1862] or of the powers in him vested by the and degenerate wretches, whom I shall call
French partizans, or American Jacobines will cordingly fixed the limits to which and nc furnot join any military association or patriotic ther, our confidence may go, and let the honloan. These men should be watched.--[Balti- est advocate of confidence read the Alien und more Federal Gazette, July 5, 1798.
Sedition acts, and say if the constitution has
not been wise in fixing limits for the governThe following is pitched in the same key, ment it created, and whether we should be wise ang runs in the same vein, of the demands of in destroying those limits Let him say what the ins to-day, and did we not assure the read the government is, if it be not a tyranny, er, was the preamble to a set of resolutions which the men of our choice have conferred
on the President, and the President of our got up by the Federal majority of the New choice has assented to and accepted over the York Senate, and passed March 5, 1799, would friendly strangers to whom the united spirit of be taken for granted as the "loyal”, efferes
our country and its laws'had pledged hospicence of some "Loyal League” of the present have more respected the bare suspicions of
tality and protection. The men of our choice day:
the President than the solid rights of inno"And whereas, Our peace, prosperity and cence, the claims of justification, the sacred happiness, eminently depend on the preserva
force of truth, and the forms and substance of
law and justice." tion of the Union, in order to which a reasonable confidence in the constituted authorities is Then read the following, and see if it comes indispensible, and
within the limits of JEFFERSON's ideas of fair Whereas, Every measure calculated to weaken that confidence has a tendency to destroy and candid discussion under a proper "jealthe usefulness of our public functionaries, ousy” to guard and respect constitutional &c.
rights, and also let the reader determine in his This was the Federal response to the mur- heart whether the following extracts from Fedmurings of the people against the infamous eral malcontents come within the just rule laid Sedition and Alien laws.
down by WEBSTER, as follows: And be it remembered, these same Federals
"The spirit of liberty is jealous of encroachjust thirteen years afterward, joined in the cru- ments, jealous of power, jealous of men. It sade against Madison's administration (as we demands checks; it seeks for guarantees,it inhave shown) without so much as pretending to sists on securities; it entrenches itself behind
strong defences, and fortifies itself with all a tangible excuse. They went below the hard possible care against the assaults of ambition pan of infamy to "excite jealousies," &c. and passion. It does not trust the amiable
The clergymen of that day, of the leading weaknesses of human nature, and therefore orders, were mostly Federalists. Their ser- limits, though benevolence, good intent, and
will not permit power to overstep its prescribed mons were full of devotion to "the Govern- patriotic purposes come along with it."
DAMN THE GOVERNMENT IN 1814.
"It is a time of day that requires cautious
This was when his party were in power, and jealousy; not jealousy of your magistrates, for
talked of war. This same Reverend preached you have given them your confidence. Cursed be he that keepeth back his sword from a sermond at Byfield, April 7, 1814, when his blood. Let him that hath none, sell his coat party was out of power, and the country was and buy one.--Sermon of Rev. Dr. Parish, actually at war with another country, in of Boston, July 4, 1799.
which he said, p. 18: In this connection we give the views of JEF
"The Israelits became weary of yielding the FERSON on a fair and candid discussion of pub- fruit of their labor to pamper their splendid lic affairs, written probably in answer to the tyrants. They left their political Moses. They
Where is our Moses? Where is claim of the New York Federals, and we give separate:l.
the rod of his miracles? Where is our Aaron? the credit to Jefferson, lest the “loyal” men Alas, no voice from the burning bush has dimay read the sentiment as pure "copperhead- rected the house."
On page 18 he says: "It would be a dangerous delusion were a
"There is a point, there is an hour, beyond confidence in the men of our choice to silence which you will not bear.” our fears for the safety of our rights. Confi- "Such is the temper of American Republidence is everywhere the parent of despotism. cans [the Democratic Republicans that supFree government is founded in jealousy, and ported the war and Mr. MADISON] so called. not in confidence. It is jealousy and not con- A new language must be invented before we fidence which prescribes limited constitutions attempt to express the baseness of their conto bind down those whom we are obliged to duct, or dscribe the rottenness of their hearts.'' trust with power.
Our constitution has ac
"New England, if invaded, would be obliged their own reflections-endure the fire that forto defend herself. Do you not then owe it to ever burns the worm which never dies--the your children, and owe it to your God, to make hozannas of heaven, while the smoke of their peace for yourselves ?!-p.23.
torments ascends forever and ever."'-p. 24. "You may as well expect the cataract of Ni- "The legislators who yielded to this war, agara to turn its currant to the head of Supe- when assailed by the manifesto of their own rior, as a wicked. Congress to make a pause in party chief, established inequality and murder the work of destroying their country, while by law:"-p. 9. the people will furnish the means.??--p.
"In the first onset [of the war] moral prin"A thousand times as many sons of America ciple was set at defiance. The laws of God have probably fallen victims of this ungodly and hopes of man were utterly disdained. war, as perished in Israel by the edict of Pha- Vice' threw off her veil, and crimes were decked raoh! Still, the war is only beginning. If with highest honors. This war not only tol. ten thousand have fallen, ten thousand times errtes crimes, but calls for them-demands ten thousand may fall."-p. 7.
them. Crimes are the food of its life-the
arns of its strength. This war is a monster, This, says CAREY, would require 100,000,000 which every hour gormandizes a thousand victims, when there were but 8,000,000 to se- crimes, and yet cries give! give! In its birth, lect from.
it demanded the violation of all good faith, per
jury of office, the sacrifice of neutral impar"Tyrants are the same on the banks of the tiality. The first moment in which the dragon Nile and the Potomac, at Memphis and at moved, piracy, and murder were legalized.Washington, in a monarchy and a Republic.” Havoc, death and conflagration were the viands
of her first repast."-p. 11. "Like the worshippers of Moloch, the sup- .6Those western states which have been vioporters of a vile administration sacrifice their lent for this abominable war of murder--those Children and families on whe altar of Democra- states which have thirsted for blood, 'God has cy. Like the widows of Hindoostan they con- given them blood to drink. Their men have sume themselves.”-p. 11.
fallen. Their lamentations are deep and loud." "The full vials of despotism are poured out -p. 16. . on your heads, and yet you may challenge the
"Our Government–if they may be called the ploddding Israelite, the stupid African, the Government-and not the destroyers-of the feeble Chinese, the drowsy Turk, or the frozen country, bear these things as patiently as a exile of Siberia, to equal you in tame submis- colony of convicts sail into Botany Bay.". sion to the powers that be.—p. 12.
“Here we must trample on the mandates of despotism, or here we must remain slaves forever."'-p. 13.
CHAPTER VI. “Has not New England as much to apprehend as the sons of JACOB had? but no child
PROOFS OF FEDERAL TREASON.- CONTINUED. has been taken from the river to lead us through the sea."'-p. 20.
Tone of the Federals when in Power... Similar to the Tone
of Those now in Power... Congregational Ministers' Ad"If judgments are coming on the nation;-if dress to President ADAMS... Extract from Sermon of Rey. the sea does not open thee a path, where, how,
JEDIDAH MORSE... Extracts from Sermon by Rev. F. S.
F, GARDNER, 1812... Extracts from Discourses of Rev. and in what manner will you seek relief
Dr. OsGOOD, 1810... The Clamors of New England for Separation and Dissolution..."Extracts of Treason”... From
Boston Centinel, Dec. 10, 1814... From same Dec. 14, “GOD will bring good from every evil-the 1814... Sundry other extracts from same... Ipswich Mefamishers of Egypt lighted Israel to the land
morial... Deerfield, (Mass.) Petition...From the_Crisis,
No. 3... From the Federal Republican, 1814... Extract of Cannan."-p. 22
from Address to the Hartford Convention, &c...From
Boston Daily Advertiser, 1814... From Federal Republi. "Which sooty slave in all the ancient domin
can, 1814... Extracts from proceedings of a Treasonable ion has more obsequiously watched the eye of Meeting in Reading, Mass... Also from Memorial of citihis master or flew to the indulgence of his de- zens of Newburyport to the Legislature-From Federal sires, more servilly than the same masters have Republican, Nov. 7, 1814...From Boston Gazette... From
Sermon of Rev. DAVID OSGOOD... Also from his Address waited and watched, and obeyed the orders of
before the Legislarure... Extracts from a treasonable letthe great NAPOLEON.-[Discourse delivered at ter from Federals to JAMES MADISON...From Boston ReByfield, April 8, 1813, p. 21.
pertory... From New York Commercial Advertiser. "Let every man who sanctions this war by THE TONE OF FEDERALS WHEN IN POWER. his suffrage or influence, remember that he is laboring to cover himself and his country with
In 1798, a Convention of Congregational blood-the blood of the slain will cry from the ministers issued an address to President ADground against him."-p. 23.
AMS, from which we take a short extract: "How will the supporters of this anti-chris- "The intimate connection between our civil tian warfare endure their sentence-endure and Christian blessings is alone sufficient to