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To show that the work of dissolution began, in the Legislature of New York, harshly yet and the cry of a "Northern Confederacy?! justly excoriated the "treason of Massachu- raised even under the Administration of setts and charged on the Federals of that and WASHINGTON, we copy the following from Mr. other states that

CAREY's Olive Branch, published in 1814, and

the extracts he brings forward from a treason"in the opinion of your committee (they mean) to make peace with the enemy, and forcidly to separate themselves

able secession work of that day, to prove his from the Union."

statements, to which work we refer the reader, pages 270-1-2-3, &c.

One fact will strike the reader with peculiar

unction, at first sight-to-wit: the same speIn the Massachusetts Legislature, June 4, cies of appeal to local prejudices, and against 1813, JOSIAHL QUINCY submitted a lengthy re- slavery that has for years stirred up the

founport, as Chairman of the committee raised for tains of our whole society to its dregs. It will that purpose, against permitting Louisiana to prove that the present generation of Abolition remain in the Union, and closed with a series agitators come honestly by their hatred of the of resolutions, which were adopted by the Fed-South—that they inherited it from the old eral majority, from which we copy the 3d, Federals, and even now, while the result of

this factious spirit has reached, and now sits on " Resolved, That the act passed the 8th day of April, the throne of power,

the throne of power, the leading orators, 1812, entitled "an act for the admission of the State of Louisiana into the Union, and to extend the Laws of the presses and pulpits in that interest, breathe United States to said State," is a violation of the constitu- out their scoffs, their jeers and their hatred of tion of the United States; and that the Senators of this State in Congress, be instructed, and the representatives All who maintain that the Union as it was

the Constitution, the only bond of our Union. thereof requested, to use their utmost endeavors to obtain a repeal of the same.”-[Niles' Register, vol. 4, p. 287.

and the Constitution as it is" should be res

pected by the powers that be, are stigmatized TO REJOICE OVER OUR VICTORIES UNBECOM- as "traitors," "copperheads, &c. So far as

ING A RELIGIOUS AND MORAL PEOPLE. the writer hereof is concerned, he is willing to On the 15th of the same month there was a

send down to remote posterity his honest purproposition before the same legislature for a

pose to sustain the Constitution, as the only vote of thanks to JAMES LAWRENCE, com

means of saving the Union, to be read in future mander of the United States ship Hornet, and history as we now read the following to-day: the officers and crew of that ship, for their gallantry and bravery in the destruction of the

"A Northern Confederacy has been the object for a numBritish ship Peacock-that as similar resolu

ber of years. They (New England) have repeatedly advotions have been passed "on similar occasions" cated in public prints a seperation of the states, on acfor "like service" "have given great discon

count of a pretended discordance of views and interests of

the different sections. tent to many of the good people of this com

"This project of separation was formed shortly after the monwealth,” &c., therefore

adoption of the Federal Constitution. Whether it was

ventured before the public earlier than 1796, I know not. Resolved, As the sense of the Senate of Massachusetts, that in a war like the present, waged wi thout justi

But of its promulgation in that year, there is the most in

dubitable evidence. A most elaborate set of papers under fiable.cause, and prosecuted in a manner which indicates

the signature of PELHAM, was then published in the city that conquest and ambition are its real motives, it is not becoming a moral and religious people to express any ap

of Hartford, in Connecticut, the joint production of men

of the first talents and influence in the state. They approbation of military or naval exploits!!" [See Niles Register, v. 4, p. 287.

pear in the Connecticut Courant, published by HUDSON &

GOODWIN, two eminent printers, of, I believe, considerable The party that passed the foregoing resolu: long catalogue of grievances, which since that period have

revolutionary standing. There were then none of the tion was called F'ederal then, Federal Republi- been fabricated to justify the recent attempts to dissolve


ness-no war.

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the Union. General WASHINGTON was President; JOHN The Northern States can subsist as a nation-a repubADAMS, an Eastern citizen, Vice President. There was no lic, without any connection with the Southern. It cannot French influence--no Virginia dynasty-no embargo--no be contested that if the Southern States were possessed of intercourse--no terrapin policy-no Democratic mad- the same political ideas, our Union would be more close

In fine, every feature in the affairs of the than separation, but when it becomes a serious question country was precisely according to their fondest wishes. whether we shall give up our government or part with

" To sow discord, jealousy and hostility between the the States south of the Potomac, no man North of that different sectiops of the Union, was the first and grand river, whose heart is not thoroughly Democratic, can hesistep in their career, in order to accomplish the favorite to me what decision to make. object of a separation of the states.

I shall, in the future papers, consider some of the In fact, without this efficient instrument, all their great events, which will lead to a separation of the United efforts would heve been utterly unavailing. It would States-show the importance of retaining their present have been impossible had the honest yeomanry of the Constitution, even at the expense of a separation-endeaEastern States continued to regard their Southern fellow vor to prove the impossibility of a Union for any long pecitizens as friends and brethren, having one common in- riod in future, both from the moral and political habits of terest in the promotion of the genural welfare, to make the citizens of the Southern States, and finally examine them instruments in the hands of those who intended to carefully to see whether we have not already approached employ them to operate the unboly work of destroying to the era when they must be divided." the noble, the august, the splendid fabric of our Union, and unparalleled form of government.

And, Mr. CAREY comments: “For eighteen years, therefore, the most unceasing endeavors have been used to poison the minds of the people

"It is impossible for a man of intelligence and candor of the Eastern States towards, and to alienate them from,

to read these extracts without feeling a decided convictheir fellow citizens of the Southern States. The people tion, that the writer and his friends were determined to of the latter section have been portrayed as demons in

use all their endeavors to dissolve the Union, and endancarnate, destitute of all the good qualities that dignify ger civil war and its horrors, in order to promote their or adorn human nature-that acquire ésteem or regard

sectional views. This affords a complete clue to all the that entitle to respect and veneration. Nothing can ex

seditious proceedings that have occurred since that peceed the virulence of these caricatures, some of which

riod. [Yea, and up to the present time-1863.] The inwould have suited the ferocious inhabitants of New Zea- creasing efforts to excite the public mind [continued ever land, rather than a civilized or polished nation. To illus- since, in the slavery agitation] to that feverish state of trate and remove all doubt on this subject, I subjoin an

discord, jealousy and exasperation, which was necessary extract from Pelham's Eseay8, No. 1."

to prepare it for consummation. The parties interested would, on a stage of a separate confederacy, perform the

liveliest parts of kings and princes, Generals and GenerTHE NEGRO. AS A PRETEXT.

alissimos, whereas on the grand scope of a general Union,

embracing all the states, they are obliged to sustain char"Negroes are in all respects except in regard to life and acters of perhaps a second or third rate. Better to rule in death, the cattle of the citizens of the Southern States. hell than obey in heaven." If they were good for food the probability is that even the “The unholy spirit that inspired the writer of this dispower of destroying their lives would be enjoyed by their solution sentiment, has been from that hour to the present, owners as fully as it is over the lives of their cattle. It

incessantly employed to excite hostility between the difcannot be that their laws prohibit their owners from kill- ferent sections of the Union. [And we may add, has kept ing their slaves, because those slaves are human beings, or it up, without abatement to this hour.] To such horrible because it is a moral evil to destroy them. If that were lengths has this spirit been carried, that many paragraphs the case how can they justify their being treated in all have occasionly appeared in the Boston papers, intended other respects like brutes? for it is in this point of view and well calculated to excite the negres of the Southern alone that negroes in the Southern States are considered States to rise and massacre their masters. This will unin fact as different from cattle. They are bought and sold. doubtedly appear incredible to the reader. It is nevertheThey are fed or kept hungry. They are clothed or re- less sacredly true. It is a species of turpitude and baseduced to nakedness. They are beaten, turned out to the ness of which the world has produced few examples. fury of the elements, and torn from their dearest connect- “Thus, some progress was made, but it was inconsiderions, with as little remorse as if they were heasts of the able, while the yeomanry of the Eastern States were enfield.?"

riched by a beneficial commerce with the Southern, they

did not feel disposed to quarrel with them, for their supOn the above, Mr: CAREY remarked in 1814: posed want of a due degree of piety or morality.

"Never was there a more infamous or unfounded charicature than this. Never one more disgraceful to its author. It may not be amiss to state, and it greatly enhances the turpitude of the writer, that at the period when

"A deeper game was requisite to be played, or all the it was written, there were many slaves in Connecticut,

pains taken so far would have been wholly fruitless, and

this was seduously undertaken. The Press literally groanwho were subject to all the disadvantages that attended

ed with efforts [as it has in our day] to prove five points the Southern slaves." .

wholly destitute of foundation; Its vile character is further greatly aggra- commercial.

"Ist. That the Eastern States were supereminently vated by the consideration that a large portion “2d. That the States south of the Susquehanna were of these very negroes and their ancestors had wholly agricultural. been purchased and sent from their homes, and

That there is a natural and inevitable hostility

between commercial and agricultural States. families, by citizens of the Eastern States,

"4th. That this hostility has uniformly pervaded the who were actually, at that moment, and long whole Southern section of the Union; and afterwards, engaged in the slave trade.

I add a

"That all the measures of Congress were dictated by few more extracts from PELHAM:

this hostility, and were actually intended to ruin the commercial, meaning the Eastern States.

“I do not assert that these miserable—these contemptNO ONE BUT THE THOROUGHLY DEMOCRAT- ible--these deceptious positions--were ever laid down in IC 13 CAN HESITATE.

regular form as theses to argue upon ; but 1 do aver that

they formed the basis of three-fourths of all the essays, “We have reached a critical period in our political ex- paragraphs, squibs and croakers that have appeared in the istence. The question must soon be decided whether we Boston papers against the administration for many years will continue a nation at the expense even of our Union, past. « The Road to Ruin," ascribed to JOHN LOWELL, or sink with the present wars of difficulty with confusion now before me, is remarkable for its virulence, its accriand slavery. Many advantages were supposed to be se- mony, its intemperence, and for the talent of the writer. cured, and many evils avoided, by an union of the States. He undoubtedly places his subject in the strongest point I shall not deny that the supposition was well founded, of light possible for such a subject. But if you extract but at the time these advantages, and these evils were from his essays the assumption of these positions, all the magnifid to a far greater size than either would be if rest is a mere caput mortuum-all “sad and funny. the question was at this moment to be settled.

On these topics, the charges are many in endless succes




How per

sion. The same observation will apply, and with equal, date (1813) the city of Baltimore had as much force to hundreds and thousands of essays and paragraphs tonnage afloat as the whole New England states, within the same topic.

“Never was the gutta non vi, sed saepe, cadendo more being: completely verified. These positions, however absurd, however evtravagant, however ridiculous they appear in

New England, tons,


103,000 their naked form, have; by dint of incessant repetition. Baltimore, tons,.. made such an impression upon the minds of a large portion of the people of the Eastern States, that they are as

The exports from the Southern states from thoroughly convinced of their truth, as of any problem in 1791 to 1813, according to Mr Nourse's report,

to Congress, shows that the Southern states ABOLITION CHARICATURES.

exported nearly double that of the New Eng

land states: To show that the charicatures by our North

Southern states, exports 22 years,

$514,598,000 ern politicians, calculated to belittle and in

New England states, exports 23 years, 299,197,000. flame the South, were not without their ancestral examples, we copy from the above named


$215,401,000 work, p. 274:

HOW THE NORTH AND SOUTH SUPPORT THE "The Rev.JEDEDIAH MORSE has in some degree devoted his

GOVERNMENT. geography to, and disgraced it by, the perpetuation of this vile prejudice. Almost every page tbat represents his own In fact. Virginia, Maryland, and the I)istrict section of the Union is highly encomiastic. He colors with

of Columbia, exported more than the whole the flattering tints of a partial and enamored friend, but when once he passes the Susquehannah, what a hideous

Eastern States. Mr. NOURSE, Register of the reverse. Almost everything is there a frightful charicature. Treasury, prepared a table, which he reported Society is at a low and meloncholy ebb, and all the sombre

vo Congress, showing the amount of duties paid tints are employed in the description in order to elevate by the contrast, his favorite elysium, the Eastern States. by each. State from 1791 to 1812, inclusive, He dips his pen in gall, when he has to portray the man- from which it appears that the ners, or habits, or religion of Virginia or Maryland, either of the Carolinas or Georgia, or the Western country.?

Southern, or slavo States, paid duties, $55,660,000
New England States paid duties,

57,033,000 To the student of forty years ago the above might be pronounced a frightful and just criti

THE ODIOUS COMPARISONS CONTINUED. cism on the old Morse Geography.

Since that time, as we have shown elsewhere fectly in consonance with the maps of the in this work, the Southern States have paid Union that were circulated in 1856, one half | immensely more duties than all the Northern printed black, to caricature the people of that section, and to breed hostile rejoinders. How these facts to show that the complaints of the

or free States combined. We only allude to consistent, also, much that we have quoted in Northern Abolitionists were unfounded and the foregoing voluminous extracts, stand forth frivalous, and only put forth'as one of the "iras the same species of beligerant menace, and ritations mentioned by WASHINGTON in his typical of desire for disunion, were the carry: Farewell Address, to widen the breach," and ing of flags and banners in 1856, with only fif

consummate dissolution. Indeed, this system teen stars thereon. Further comment on this

of unjust comparisons has been continued by point is unnecessary.

that class of politicians from the earliest days to the present.

Even the President's late

Message to Congress, though not ostensibly of It will be seen by the foregoing, that as of this order of complaints, nevertheless, so prelate, the Eastern states (the Federal, Republi- sented the figures relative to the postal affairs, can, Abolition portions thereof) sought early as to enable his partizans to renew the old "irto create prejudice and disunion-not on ac- ritation, which they have generally improved. count of any adequate existing fact, but merely | We have one instance before us, . It is from to array section against section, in order to the Milwaukee Sentinel of December 12, 1863: stimulate hatred and discord, and accelerate their darling object-dissolution. As we have seen, the disunionists of the Eastern states

“There is one statement contained in the President's were continually harping on their exclusive Message so significant that it is worthy of brief comment. commercial interests—that they paid more than Speaking of the condition of the Post Office Department, the Southern states for the support of Govern- he says:

During the past fiscal year the financial condition ment, &c. As the Government was supported the Post Office Department has been of increasing prosby revenue derived from customs, and to show perity, and I am gratified in being able to state the rehow ill founded these early complaints were,

ceipts at the postal revenue have nearly equalled the enand that disunion was the only motive that put and the former to $11,160,169,08, leaving a deficiency of

tire expenditures, the latter amounting to $11,314,000,84 them forth, we exhibit the following. Mr. $150,417,25. In the year immediately preceeding the reCarey, in 1814, said:

bellion the deficiency amounted to $5,656,705,49, the post

al receipts of that year being $2,645,722.19 less than those "The Southern'section of the Union, which has been 80 of 1863. The decrease since 1860 in the annual amount cruelly, so wickedly, so unjustly villified and calumniated of transportation has been only about 25 per cent.; but for its hostility to commerce, is actually more interested in the annual expenditure on account of the same has been its preservation than the Eastern states, in the proportion reduced 35 per cent. It is manifest, that the Post Office of five to three!"

Department may become self-sustaining in a few years,

even with the restoration of the whole service.'" FALSITY OF THE STATEMENTS EXHIBITED. “This quite clearly demonstrates what it has cost' the

free North to carry the mails for the slaveholding South. The writer then goes on to show that at that l 'Before the rebellion, when mail arrangements were unin





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Those who subscribed

terripted throughout the South, the deficiency in the feat the obtaining money by the Government, Department's finances was $5,656,705,49, whereas now, when the mail facilities of the Slave States have been but we will produce a few facts in this connecwithdrawn, the Department pays its expenses into $150,417,25 ; or, in other words, it has cost the North annually. tion, as more clearly establishing the truth of five and a half million dollars to carry the mails for the that wicked conspiracy in New England, to negroe-breeding lords of the South. There may be many reasons and incentivar Douth. the , Union as it was," but the above exhibit is not one

holar of its peril, and to show what peculiar of them."

Now, compare this with its "twin sisters" claim that section has now to cry traitor to all of fifty years ago, and see if you cannot dis- those who believe in the "Union as it was and cover a marked family resemblance-particu- the Constitution as it is." We quote from the larly the sneer at the Union as it was!!). arithmetin bothing to do with the merits of the arithmetical statements, which have no doubt "In consequence, every possible exertion was made,parbeen influenced greatly by the fact that the ticularly in Buston, to deter the citizens from subscribing army has vastly accelerated correspondence, rying on the war, and of course

to the loans, in order to disable the Government from car

rying on the war, and of course to compel it to make. and military operations require vast inail fa- paaco. Associations were entered into, in the most solemn cilities, and consequently enhanced receipts, and public manner for this purpose, and those who could not but it is the animus of such articles- their be induced by mild means, were deterred by denuncia

tions. · A folio volume might be filled with the lucuinvidious comparisons, that "tend to alienate brations that appeared on this subject.

ction from the other," and, as Jefferson “The pulpit, as usual, in Boston, afforded its utmost aid said, to make Union impossible."?

to the press, to insure success.
were in direct terms declared participators, in and access-
ories to, all the murders, as they were termed, that might
take place in the nnholy, unrighteous, wicked, abomnia-
ble, and accursed war. [See Sermon by Rev. Osgood

and others, elsewhere.]

The consequence of these efforts was soon THE GREAT NEW ENGLAND CONSPIRACY. plainly visible. The currency of various banks

out of New England began to depreciate, beNew England Money Kings endeavor to Bankrupt the Government... Testimony of a Cotemporary...The Clergy cause they were not in the plot. The Boston in the Conspiracy...Consequence of the Conspiracy... Der Price Current makes the following extract preciation of Bank and Government Stocks... Mr. CAREY'S Statement... The Secret Federal Leagues... Monied men from the United States Gazette, of Feb. 7, banded against the Government... Reign of Terror...Citizens dare not subscribe for Government Loan openly... | 1815: Threats and Intimidations by the Federals... Treason of the Federals in buying and selling English Bills... The

.19 to 20 p. c. Sedition Law... Its object to crush out Free Discussion... Difference between MADISON and LINCOLN...Leading Fed- Orange Bank.. erals Gazetted... Object of the Sedition Law... We, the Philadelphia City Banks.... Government, in 1798... Damn the Government in 1814... Treasury Notes...... The Pious Rev. Federals curse the Government... Views United States six per cents..... of JEFFERSON and WEBSTER, &c.


"The success of the Eastern States was considerable.

Few men have the courage to stem the tide of popular deThe New England money kings knowing that lusion, when it sets in very strong. There were some, money furnished the "sinews of war,

"sinews of war," and however, who subscribed (to the Government loan) open having control of a great share of the mone- less fine texture, loaned their money (to the Government) tary interests of the country, during the last What, alas! must be the awful'state of society when a free

by stealth, and as clandestinely as if it were treasonable. war with England, entered into a conspiracy citizon is afraid of lending his money publicly to support

the government that protects him.” to break down the credit of the Government, and to discredit Government bills. They were

In support of this damaging accusation, we

extract the following paragraph from a work continually crying peace, yet doing all they

by. JOHN LOWELL, a most inveterate Federal, could to prevent peace, well knowing that a

who charged the Federal secret Leagues" prolongation of hostilities would only secure to

(have we not their progeny in “Union secret them dissolution. The Government under Mr. Madison, need

Leagues”'?) with violating their secret pledges,

not to loan money to the Government. In deed money to prosecute the war, and isused

nouncing the violation of the professions and eight. per cent. bonds for that purpose. No sooner were those bonds in Market than New promises” of his secret League associates, he

exposes their vile conspiracy. He says: England money sharks set up a howl that they were worthless, never could be redeemed, &c.

"Money is such a drug (the surest sign of

the former prosperity and present insecurity of Elsewhere in this work, will be found numer- trade) that men, against their consciences, ous extracts, showing the vile purposes to de

purposes to de- their honor, their duty, their professions and

Below par.

All New York Banks...
Hudson Bank....

20 24

30 24 to 25


PROMISES, are willing to lend it secretly, men who lend money to help out measures to support the very measures (that is,'the war,) what they have loudly and constantly conwhich are both intended and calculated for demned, ought to be paid ? On the whole, their ruin."

then, there are two very strong reasons, why Thus, the men, who to get rid of their ! it would be an abandonment of political

Federalists will not lend money ; first, because "drug” would lend it secretly (they dared not and personal principles, and secondly, because openly) to the Government, had violated the it is pretty certain they will never be paid secret pledges and promises they had made in again.Boston Gazette, April 14, 1814. the secret club rooms of their secret Leagues. “Our merchants constitute an honorable, Puritanital superstition was appealed to, to high-minded, independent and intelligent class

of citizens. [That faction always boasted of prevent loans to the Government. . Just pre- their intelligence.] They feel the oppression, vious to the Fast day in Boston, while the injury and mockery, with which they are treatGovernment was advertising for loans, the ed by the government. They will lend them following paragraph appeared in the Boston money to retrace their steps, but none to perse

vere in their present course. Let every highFederal papers:

wayman find his own pistols."Boston Ġa"Let no man who wishes to continue the xette. war by aetive measures, by voting or lending

"We have only room this evening to say that money, dare to prostrate himself at the altar

we trust no true friend to his country will be on the Fast day, for they are actually as much found among the subscribers to the Gallatin partakers in the war, as the soldier who thrusts loan.'—- New York Evening Post. his bayonet, and the judgment of God will await them!!!)

"No peace will ever be made till the people

say there shall be no war. If the rich men (Will Federalists subscribe to the loan? Will they lend money to our national rulers? till the mountains are melted with blood; till

continue to furnish money, war will continue It is impossible! First, because of the prin- every field in America is white with the bones cipal, and secondly, of principal áni interest of the people."-Discourse at Byfield, (Mass.) If they lend money now, they make themselves April 7, 1814, oy Rev. Dr. Parish. parties to the violations of the Constitution, the cruelly oppressive measures in relation to "So unjust is this offensive war, in which commerce, and to all the crimes which have our rulers have plunged us, in the sober conoccurred in the field and in the Cabinet. To sideration of millions, that they cannot conwhat purpose have Federalists exerted them- scientiously approach the God of Armies for selves to show the wickedness of this war-to His blessing upon it.?'- Boston Centinel, Jan. rouse the public sentiment against it, and to 13, 1813. show the authors of it not only to be unworthy of public confidence, but highly criminal, if versal sentiment is, that any man who lends

"It is very grateful to find that the uninow they contribute the sums of money without which these rulers must be compelled to

his money to the Government, at the present

time, will forfeịt all claim to common honesty stop.

and common courtesy, among all true friends to "By the very ruinous cause pointed out by the country. God forbid that any Federalist Gov. STRONG, that is by witholding all vol- should ever hold up his head and pay Federaluntary aid, in prosecuting the war, and man- ists for money lent to the present rulers, and fully expressing our opinion as to its injustice Federalists can judge whether Democrats will and ruinous tendency, we have arrested its tax their constituents to pay interest to Federprogress, and driven back its authors to aban- alists._Boston Gazette, April 14, 1814. don their nefarious schemes, and to look anxiously for peace. But some say will The following announcement by Boston you let the country become bankrupt ? No, brokers show that the terror inspired by New the country will never become bankrupt, but England Federalists, through their secret pray do not prevent their trustees becoming bankrupt! Do not prevent them from becoming Leagues, made it dangerous for any one to subodious to the public, and replaced by better scribe to the Government loan openly. It is a men. Any Federalist who lends his money to sad commentary on the extreme terrorism government, must go and shake hands with raised by the monied and "intelligent' arisJAMES MADISON and claim fellowship with FELIX GRUNDY. Let him no more call him- tocracy of New England. self a Federalist, and friend to his country.He will be called by others, infamous. But, secondly, Federalists will not lend money, be- Advertisement which appeared in the Boston cause they will never get it again. Now, Chronicle, April 14, 1814: where and when are the Government to get money to pay interest, and who can tell whether future members of Congress may think the debt " From the advice of several respected contracted under such circumstances, and by friends, we are induced to announce to the



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