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NUMBER OF MEN CALLED FOR.
exhibited some of these objects in former chap: costing nearly as much as the taking of the centers of this work.
sus—the support of Draft Commissioners-Eramining Boards--provost marshals, spies, del
ators, and the tens of thousands of officers In round numbers, the President has thus that must be paid and fed from the public crib far called for about 2,100,000 men, and of -all to procure the poorest material for war these about 1,000,000 have been called for by we cannot doubt the statement. We say ''poordraft. Of the whole number, about 1,200,000 est advisedly, for so far as we have read hishave been secured, and without pretending to tory and studied human nature, a man forced be exact, (not having the figures before us), we
into the ranks against his will, is, in nine cases may safely say, that aside from volunteer sub-out of ten, inferior to the volunteer, because stitutes, the Administration has not obtained his heart is against it. 20,000 men, as living trophies from the prize
From the observation we have been enabled wheel."
This is an exceedingly small per to make, of all the facts, we are prepared to cent.
hazard the opinion that with less than a third MR. CAMERON'S EULOGY ON VOLUNTEERING. of the expense incurred, the Government could
have got all the men it wanted. Had it abolMr. Secretary CAMERON, in his first report, ished-or rather never organized-its hordes before the radical measures had been fully de- of enrollment and draft officers and hangersveloped, said:
on, and applied the funds they have absorbed, "History will record that men who, in ordi- to liberalizing the soldiers monthly pay, tonary times, were devoted solely to the arts of peace, were yet ready, on the instant, to rush say $25 per month, we should have heard nothto arms in defense of their rights when assail. ing of mobs and riots, and no complaints of a ed. At the present moment, the government lack of men, even under the present pernicious presents the striking anomaly of being embar- policy. This is the candid opinion of one who rassed by the generous outpouring of volunteers to sustain its action. Instead of labor. has been in favor of a most vigorous prosecuing under the difficulty of monarchical govern- tion of the war to crush the rebellion, from the ments, the want of men to fill its armies, I start. which'in other countries has compelled a resort to forced conscriptions, one of its main difficulties is to keep down the proportions of the
The Albany Statesman, a Republican paper, army."
thus warned the Government against continuHe says again:
ing longer to insist upon the enforcement of "I cannot forbear to speak favorably of the
the draft: volunteer system, as a. substitute for a
-The Government never committed à more brous and dangerous standing army.
fatal mistake than when it abandoned the volA government whose every citizen stands unteer and bounty systems-systems which put ready to march to its defense can never be into the field a million men in eighteen months. overthrown; for none is so strong as that The Government, after it puts down the riot whose foundations rest immovably in the hearts in New York, should take a calm view of the of the people."
dangers which surround us, and if possible reAnd the second report from the same office turn to a system which has never failed us,
and which should never have been abandoned. glowed with a no less deserved panegyric on Every person who wishes to see the southern this system.
rebellion promptly put down, should use every
exertion to prevent a rebellion from breaking COST OF THE CONSCRIPTION.
out in the loyal states. We are no' alarmist, We have seen it stated, though with what de- and yet we candidly think that it will take
more troops to enforce the draft in this state gree of facts to back it we know not, that each than is required to capture Richmond. soldier drafted and mustered into the United
6.The rioters in New York should and must
be crushed. States forces, has cost the people not less than
We owe this to the supremacy of
the laws. Having done this, we do beseech $3000. This is an enormous súm we know, but
our rulers to so modity the draft that the loyal when we take into account the vast army of offi- States may continue to exbibit an unbroken cers who are stationed all over the North, front against the rebellion. Nothing but this hunting down deserting conscripts, at $15 or
unbroken front can prevent the rebellion from
becoming a success. We call upon President $30 per head--the trouble, delay, and vast ex. Lincoln to save the North from anarchy. God pense attending on making the enrollment grant that he may be equal to the task. At the
present time the Republic has more to fear from history, that the great rebellion was put down the follies of the war office than from a pair of entirely by the spontaneous and unforced patarmies such as Lee now heads in Maryland." riotism of the people."
THE DRAFT IN RHODE ISLAND.
THE CONSCRIPTION IN MASSACHUSETTS,
We clip the following from a Rhode Island
[From the Boston Herald,]
"The work of examining conscripts in the paper:
different districts in this state has progressed "In the First District, Wednesday, 78 ob- quietly end with good order during the past tained permission to go, pay, or find a substi. week. All the Boards of Enrollment have tute; and 95 were exempted-49 for disability, been in session to hear claims for exemption, 10 were elected by their parents,9 were aliens, and we regret to find that so many of those 2 were from families having already two in the whose names were drawn have been compelled service, 6 were of unsuitable age, 4 were only to go before the medical officer to claim exsons of widows, 8 were non-residents, 4 are al. emption--it speaks ill of the climate of New ready in the service, and 3 commuted. In the England, Second District 24 substitutes were accepted, “On reviewing the returns of the Boards of 51 were exempted for physical disability, and Enrolment for the districts of which Boston is 31 for various other causes.')
a part, we find that during the week the board A statement went the rounds of the press,
in district 3 has exempted 259 men,has receive which we have not seen contradicted, that of commutation fee, has received and accepted 54
ed satisfactory evidence that 13 have paid the all the persons conscripted in the state, but substitutes, and has held one man to serve who nineteen actually entered the service, and some reported at once for duty. of these were negroes.
In the Fourth District 1,135 men have been examined, and of these 938 were declared by the Board to be exempt, 70 had paid the commutation fee, 10 were passed as fit for duty,
and 108 substitutes were accepted. The Springfield (Mass.) Republican, a strong “In the first district, up to Friday night, 256 supporter of Mr. LINCOLN, from first to last, Board of Enrolment in this city of whom 29
conscripts had been examined
by the in speaking of the draft in that State, thus
were accepted and furloughed, 12 furnished testifies to its failure:
substitutes, 21 commuted, and 104 were ac66 The daily reports
cepted. of the results
t"It is stated that Hon. Caleb Cushing has of the draft throughout the country,
been retained by the Democratic Association produce the general impression that it is a failure-that it will not add materially to the tionality of the Conscription Law. H. W.
of this state, who prepose to test the constitustrength of our armies, and that it will cost more than it is worth. This is not absolutely Curtis, whose name has been before mentioned
Paine will be associated with him. Hon B. R. true, but it must be confessed it is too close in this connection, may give a written opinion an approximation to the truth to be contem- in the case.'' plated with satisfaction. Evidently the Gov. ernment will not get one-fourth the number drafted, counting in the substitutes. Indeed, some consider one-fifth a large estimate.-
[From the New York World.] [And this is a state where the roads would “The draft which commences in this city toSwarm with volunteers, if the proclamation day and which is about to be enforced all over should be issued!] Making due allowance for the North, promises to be a very mysterious the states exempted from the draft, and the business. Instead of ordering a general conwhole number actually drawn will not be over scription, and publicly apportioning the quotas 300,000. One-fourth of this number will be to the several states, the administration has 75,000. But many of the conscripts, as well privately notified the several district provostas substitutes, will make their escape, and the marshals, and the drafting has been begun War Department would undoubtedly jump at without the knowledge or information of the the chance to exchange the whole lot for public. We believe this secret way of doing 50,000, or even 40,000 volunteers. The draft, business is common in Russia or Austria, but it must be conceded, if not a failure, is not a it is quite new in this free country. very gratifying success. If the President could So far we have no assurance that it is to be have foreseen how badly the draft.would have an equal conscription. From the number actbeen mismanaged, we believe he would have ually drafted in Rhode Island and Massachudecided to rely upon volunteering to fill up setts, it would seem that the call was for 300,the armies, and as things have turned, he could 000 men; but the number required of the counhave done so with safety. The money and ties of Warren and Essex is on a basis of 400,effort expended on the conscription would have 000. According to the Tribune, the number secured fifty thousand volunteers, there is ev- New York city must raise is 26,000, and Brookery: reason to believe. And it would have lyn 10,000, which is conscripting at the rate of been a glorious thing to record on the pages of l 600,000 for the whole North. Can it be that
A MYSTERIOUS DRAFT.
RESULTS OF THE DRAFT IN MASSACHUSETTS.
the administration has so much more confidence fy their precepts by their examples. The edi. in New York copperheads than New England tor of the Independent, whose zeal for the draft Republicans' that it calls for more of the form-led him to rail at all who questioned its wise, er than the latter? This is really a serious dom, when drafted himself, ingloriously shrinks: matter, and in the absence of any official an- from taking his share of duty and danger.-nouncement by the government of the number Shame on such a sneak. Subject by law to of men it requires, how, do we know but what military duty, and constantly pressing others the secret instructions of the provost marshals into the field, Mr. Tilton must be craven in are to conscript heavily in the Democratic dis- spirit, without patriotism, pride or manhood, tricts and lightly in the Republican districts? to skulk a draft himself, while he is merciless
Of course it is incredible that they should in regard to the mechanic and laborer, who is do this injustice; but the secrecy which marks compelled to leave his wife and children. the machinery of the draft naturally excites "Still more mortifying, if possible, is the comment and uneasiness A Secretary of War course of Mayor Opdyke, whose drafted son, who, on an occasion of great national rejoicing instead of gallantly stepping forward, as an for victories won, is small souled enough and example to poor men, sneaks! The Mayor is prejudiced enough to malign the majority of filled with patriotism at conventions he is his fellow-citizens and apply to them an appro- gorged with government contracts! He leans brious party epithet, as Mr. Stanton did at the heavily upon the government to make good his serenade the other evening, is equal to any in- profits, but his son, when drafted, is not strong justice towards the people he dislikes. Presi. enough to be a soldier. He is, however, strong dent Lincoln has issued a number of unneces- enough to hold offices, but these offices do not sary and mischievous proclamations, but we expose him to anything but saláry and fees think one on this subject is very much needed Being a soldier is quite a different thing. Out to avoid misapprehensions.".
upon such false practices such cheap loyalty There is no doubt that the iniquities of the
-such bogus patriotism." draft in New York was the cause of the dis- This just rebuke hits not only Mayor Ope graceful riots in that city.
dyke and the editor of the N. Y. Independent, but it is a just criticism on the sneaking con
duct of nineteen-twentieths of those who have The whole number drafted in the 4th Dis
so long and loudly abused all Democrats who trict was 4,198. The account of the Examin- did not go to the war, and yet they will "sneak” Board stood as follows :
out of all danger-all responsibility-and if Exempt for various causes
they can only get a fat contract or enjoy fat fees, they set themselves up as extra loyal!
We have heard of a very loyal member of the Held and sent to corps... Not reported and deemed Deserters.......
Wisconsin Legislature, who gave his age in the 4,198
Blue Book as considerably below the maximum
for the first class, and yet, when drafted, he RESULT IN THE 8th DISTRICT, NEW YORK.
claims immunity-and gets it-for over age... Whole number oxempted.......
These things will happen among the best regPaid commutation........
ulated advocates of logalty. Conscripts accepted..
DRAFTING IN THE TIME OF THE REVOLUTION, These were no doubt extreme cases, but few districts have done much bettter, and the whole the history of the revolution, the action of the
We recall to the memory of all who have read shows the system of draft to be a farce, and we Congress at that period in relation to the prinare led to record our convictions that the draft ciple of drafting, and to offer for their diges
tion the following morsel of history: is only kept up for political purposes, and not
On the 26th of February, 1778, the foilowto obtain soldiers, for in fact, nearly all the ing resolutions were unanimously adopted by soldiers that have been obtained for the past Congress: year have been enrolled by voluntary enlist- "Resolved, That the several States hereafter named be
required forthwith to fill up, by drafts from their militia, ments.
or in any other way that shall be effectual, their respective
battalions of Continental troops. THURLOW WEED ON
"All persons drafted shall serve in the Continental bat. The following from the pen of that conser- moriths from the time they shall respectively appear
talions of their respective States, for the space of nino vative Republican, Thurlow Weed, is as true several places of rendezvous hereinafter mentioned unless
sooner discharged." as it is 'rough" :
“Resolved, That all persons, in whatever way procured,
for supplying the deficiencies in the Continental battalions " It is to be regretted that leading, boister- unless enlisted for three years, or during the war, shall be ous abolitionists who were so free of their abuse considered as drafted.” etc. of all those who differ with them, fail to justi- On the 9th of March, 1779, it was again
4 134 196 46 939
Whole nuniber examined..
"Resolved, That it be earnestly recommended to the ceive, that the Democracy of the country are several states to make up and complete their respective battalions to their full complement by draft, or in any now, as they ever have been, Hoyal to their other manner they shall think proper, and that they have their quotas of deficiencies ready to take the field, and to government and true to the Union of their march to such place as the Commander-in-Chief shall di- fathers. The best criteria of the aims and rect, without delay.'
purposes of a party or individuals, are their "Thus, it appears, that during the Revolu- recorded avowals--the actual and logical retionary war, men were drafted to fill up the reg- sults of their measures. Having judged of their ular regiments of the line, and were immediately subject to the orders of the Commander-in- opponents by these criteria, we will now pass Chief, without reference to, or control by, the in like review the principal leaders and measGovernors of the states. We have here, there
ures of the Democratic party. fore, the most undeniable precedent for the ac
From 1801 to 1861 the Democracy of the tion of the last Congress and that of the President, for raising drafted men and placing them nation had been constantly in power in one or in the army. None but Tories and the friends all of the different branches of Government; of the enemy opposed the principle then-none and most of this sixty years they had full cor. but traitors wtll do it now.---Rep. Paper.
trol of the entire administration of govern-:Ah, yes, but you forget one thing. You have ment. That the Democratic party during this offered a precedent, but that precedent proves long period, embracing the early pupilage of just what you didn't want it to. ` It proves that
our government, may have committed errorsunder the old Continental sway they never that individuals of the party may have perpethought of allowing Congress to draft, but re- trated gross wrongs in the name of that party, quired the states to fill up their quotas by perhaps it would be uncandid to deny; but, drafts. That's precisely the Democratic way history, the true arbiter, justifies us in the re now. That's just the only way the Democrats petition of the oft reiterated, yet never imbelieve to be constitutional-the only way to peached declaration, that during all this peripreserve state sovereignty, and state identity. od—while the noble-historical Democracy
With the following quotation from BURKE, have been beset by all the ills that party and we will close this chapter:
flesh are heir to, our country has flourished "I can conceive no existence under heaven, without a parallel in the annals of human gove that is more truly odious and disgusting than ernments. On every recurring national holi an impotent, helpless creature, without civil day, thousands of candidates for oratorical wisdom or military skill—without a conscious- honors have over-taxed the eulogistic muses, ness of any but his servility to it, bloated with pride and arrogance, and calling for battles and exhausted the most extravagant panegyrwhich he is not to fight."
ics on the fame and progress of our "Glorious Union.”* All parties, without exception, appealing to facts and drawing lavishly from
the store-house of fancy, had held up our CHAPER XXXVI.
country, in marked contrast with all other lands, as the most free, happy, progressive and
prosperous-nor was it safe for foreign preGeneral Remarks and Facts pertaining to... The Democra
ey of New York...The Iowa Democracy... Doctrine of tenders to draw in question Brother Johnathe Kentucky Democracy...The Ohio Democracy.The than’s panegyrics of the glorious past, or his Democracy of Wisconsin... The Minnesota Democracy... Democracy of Pennsylvania... Illinois Democracy....Con- predictions of the glorious future. necticut Democracy.... Democracy of Indiana....of Columbus, Ohio....Of Madison, Wis.....The National Democracy This picture is by no means overwrought, and ...Sayings and Doings of Leading Democrats...Governor it shows that high grade of opinion in which, Seymour's Proclamation... Gov. Seymour's Message... Gov. Parker's Proclamation... Remarks of Hon. H, L. we, at least, held ourselves, and although the Palmer... Et tu Vallandigham...Democrats Rejoice at our Victories... Testimony of our opponents... New York leading maratime powers of Europe may not Times...Mr. Soward, Official...Judge Paine, of Wis... have been willing to acknowledge that Brother Administration Compliment Gov. Seymour for his Patriotism, &c.
Jonathan, yet scarcely out of his teens, had
actually outstripped them in wealth and matePATRIOTISM OF DEMOCRATS. rial greatness, they nevertheless acknowledged Having "shown, beyond a cavil, in the fore our vast and rapidly increasing power, and sent
hither millions of their own citizens to be pargoing pages that the Republican leaders are disloyal to their goverement, we will now show takers with us of those manifold blessings of by the best evidence that man can give or re- 1 personal happiness and civil liberty, for so
LOYALTY AND PATRIOTISM OF DEMOCRATS.
NEW YORK DEMOCRACY IN 1863.
THE IOWA DEMOCRACY--1863.
many centuries denied them on their native nominated HORATIO SEYMOUR, September, soil.
1862: We may safely say, without fear of contra
"First, That they will continue to render diction, that for all these blessings of our gov- the Government their sinceré and united supernment, so justly celebrated for the wisdom port in the use of all legitimate means to supand beneficence of its laws, the partakers were press the rebellion, and to restore the Union
as it was, and maintain the Constitution as it indebted to the Democratic party--for we be-is-believing that that sacred instrument, lieve no one will question the fact, or attempt founded in wisdom by our fathers, clothes the to impeach our veracity, when we state that constituted authorities with full power to ac
complish such purpose." every general law of general public import
found on the statute book of the nation, , up to December, 1860, had its origin in the
The State Convention that met at Albany, Democratic party. Perhaps these laws, or September, 1863, passed the following: many of them might have been bettered, for no
"Resolved, That we reaffirm the platform man or party has yet reached the degree of adopted by the Democratic Convention of 1862, Divine perfection-but such as they were they viz.: First, That we will continue to render constituted the basis of all our national pros- the Government our sincere and united support perity, so often and so long the lyric's song the rebellion, and to restore the Union as it
in the use of all legitimate means to suppress and the statesman's eulogy.
was,' and to maintain the Constitution as it During this sixty years-embracing a long is,' believing that sacred instrument, founded war with the first maratime power on the globe, tuted authorities with full power to accomplish
in wisdom by our fathers, clothes the constiand sundry harrassing Indian wars, together such purpose." with a war with the Republic of Mexico, no man was arbitrarily deprived of his liberty without a remedy-no press was destroyed by Gen. TUTTLE, the Democratic candidate for the direction or connivance of the administra- Gov. in 1863, issued an address to the people,
executors of the laws--no system of from which we take the following, and on espoinage, spies and delators was established. which he was supported by the Democracy : No citizen was ever exiled or banished-no
“I am in favor of a vigorous prosecution of suspension of the writ of habeas corpus occur- the war to the full extent of our power, until red outside of military lines. In short, no
the rebellion is suppressed, and of using all
means that may be in our possession, recogconstitutional right was denied to the people nized by honorable warfare, for that purpose. without a remedy. No Democrat was known I am for the Union without an if, and regardto curse this Union as a league with hell,'' or
less whether slavery stands or falls by its resany equivalent, impious anathema. No clear toration, and in favor of peace on no other
terms than the unconditional surrender of the and unequivocal infractions of the constitution rebels to the constituted authorities of the govwere suffered. In short, the rights of life, ernment of the United States.". liberty and the pursuit of happiness were guaranteed to all, in strict accordance with the
The following from the message of Governor constitution.
Such, in brief, was the history and result BRANLETTE, Sep. 1, 1863, is the doctrine not of Democratic rule, up to the breaking out of only of the Democracy of Kentucky, but eveour present troubles, and it becomes us now
rywhere : to enquire, what Democrats and the Demo- - We affiliate with the loyal men north and cratic party (we mean those and only those south, whose object and policy is to preserve
the Union and the Constitution unchanged and who fell not into the snares of secession) have unbroken, and to restore the people to harmodone since that time. Our remarks will apply ny and peace with the government, as they to the two millions of Democrats in the loyal were before the rebellion.
66 It is not a restored Union, not a reconstates." Are they disloyal, or are they not?
structed Union, that Kentucky desires ; but a Let them answer for themselves.
preserved Union, and a restored peace upon a constitutional basis.?'
DOCTRINE OF THE KENTUCKY DEMOCRACY.
THE NEW YORK DEMOCRACY.
THE OHIO DEMOCRACY.
The following is the pertinent plank in the We select the following from among the platform of the Democratic Convention that planks of the Democratic platform adopted by