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5th. Has not blood been found upon their "This extra anxiety about the Union is the persons? Were not their garments stained with merest cant. The country is sick of it. The the blood of poor BACILLS Ini Boston,

past three years must convince even the mem1854, in the discharge of his duty? Were not ber from Windham that this sitting up with the their whole garments dripping with human Union does not pay expenses.' gore, when they deified John BROWN, and in

WHAT CONSTITUTES A TRAITOR OR COPPERdorsed his insurrection and murders? 6th. Have they not often declared it was for

A very common practice.prevails among the their interest, pecuniary and otherwise, to have Republicans to call all persons "traitors, the old Union out of the way?

"copperheads, who cannot vote for, or con7th. Have they not time and again admitted tinue to support their theories. They disclaim that they have attempted to take the life of the having changed in their principles since the Union? Do they not even now tell us, with beginning of our national. troubles, but such as lips steeped in clammy treason, that the Union choose to stand on the principles that we all shall live no more?

occupied in 1861, and cannot follow the docWe might stop here and “rest” our case as trines of fanaticism, are' denounced as disloyhaving been made out by the admissions of the al--branded with the epithet of "traitor," implicated ones themsela por, but we will pre-copperhead," '&c. Now, let us review the sent accumulative circumstantial and positive past, and see if these SO CALLED UNION evidence.

partizans stand by the professions of 1861, as It will be recollected that when Sumter had they continuously claim not to have changed; been fired on, and the shock of battle reverbe- but all who refuse to vote with them, have sudrated through the land, the whole North, as one denly become "DISLOYAL,"btraitors," and man (that is, without distinction of party) rose "COPPERHEADS." We will call Mr. LINin its might to shake off the incubus of disun

COLN on the witness stand first, and see how ion. Democrats forgot the animosities engen- he stood at the time of his inaugural. There dered by the political contest but six months

we read thus: before, and did not stop to enquire whether

“Apprehensions seem to exist among the they were to be commanded by political friend people of the Southern states, that by the acor foe. Men of all parties rushed to the stan-cesion of a republican administration, their dard of their country, asking no conditions property, and their peace and personal securbut the privilege of fighting to preserve the ity are to be endangered. There has never been

any reasonable cause for such apprehension. InUnion as it was. Now for the testimony. deed, the most ample evidence to the contrary

has all the while existed and been open to their

inspection. It is found in nearly all the writANDY JOHnson, the Military Governor ap- ten speeches of him who now addresses you. I pointed by President LINCOLN for Tennessee, do but quote from one of those speeches when bears witness as to the policy of the Adminis- I declare that I have no purpose, directly or intration party, as follows:

directly, to interfere with slavery in the states

where it exists-I BELIEVE I HAVE NO “There are two parties in existence who LAWFUL RIGHT TO DO SO, AND I HAVE want dissolution. Slavery and a Southern NO INCLINATION TO DO SO. Those who Confederacy is the hobby. Sumner wants to nominated me did so with full knowledge that

had made this and many similar declarations litionists generally. They hold that if slavery and had never recanted them. survives the Union cannot endure. Secession- "And more than this, they placed in the ists argue that if the Union continues slavery | platform for my acceptance, and as a law to is lost. Abolitionists want no compromise, | themselves and to me, the clear and emphatic but they regard peacable secession as a hum-resolution, which I now read : bug. The two occupy the same ground. Why,

Resolved, that the maintainance in violate of the rights abolition is dissolution; dissolution is ceces- of the States, and especially the right of each State to orsion; one is the other. Both are striving to

der and control its own domestic institutions, according to accomplish the same object. One thinks it

its own judgment exclusively, is essential to the balance of

power, on which the perfection and endurance of our polwill destroy, the other save slavery.

itical fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless inva

sion hy armed force of the soil of any State or Territory, "SITTING UP WITH THE UNION."

no matter under what pretext, as AMONG THE GRAVHere is what Senator Wilson, one of the big

"I NOW REITERATE THESE SENTIchiefs of the Republican party, said in a recent MENTS; and, in doing so, I only press upon speech:

the public attention the most conclusive evi

WHAT ANDREW JOHNSON SAYS.

EST CRIMES."

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dence of which the case is susceptible, that "Resolved, That those persons in the North the property, peace and security of no section who do not subscribe to the foregoing proposiare to be in any wise endangered by the new tions, are too insignificant in numbers and inincoming Administration. I add, too, that all fluence to excite the serious attention or alarm the protection which, consistently with the of any portion of the people of the Republic; Constitution and laws, can be given, will be and that the increase of their numbers and incheerfully given to all the states when lawful-fluence does not keep pace with the increase of ly demanded, for whatever cause--as cheer- the aggregate population of the Union." fully to one section as to another. I take the official oath to-day with no mental reservations,

Nothing short of a Copperhead Congress and with no purpose to construe the Consti- could pass such resolutions in 1864. tution and laws by any hypocritical rules.”

Again, see Congressional Globe, after Bull Such was the language of Mr. LINCOLN on

Run battle, July 23d, 1861; Congress with the the 4th of Mareh, 1861, standing upon the almost unanimous Republican vote passed the steps of the Capitol, about to take the most following resolution: solemn oath, calling God to witness his sincer

Resolved, That the war is waged by the govity, to faithfully perform the duties of his of-, : ernment of the United States, not in

the spirit fice, and uphold the constitution and laws of of conquest or subjugation, nor for the purpose our country. Men who favored Mr. LINCOLN'S of overthrowing or interfering with the rights

or institutions of the states, but to defend and sentiments in 1861, are called "traitors," and

maintain the suprengny the constitution, cocopperheads,” because they firmiy believe the and to preserve the Union with all the dignity, same doctrine, and will not change, and can- equality and rights of the several States unimnot vote with the Republicans.

paired; and that as soon as these objects are

accomplished, the war ought to cease. Mr. LINCOLN, in his message to, congress (extra session), July 3d, 1861, after the war Now, in 1864, we who claim to cherish the had begun, said:

sentiments of this resolution are traitors and "Lest there be some uneasiness in the minds

copperheads of candid men as to what is to be the course of Again, the Indianapolis Sentinel, a leading the Goveonment toward the Southern states, Republican state organ, which has not been AFTER the rebellion shall have been suppress: accused of disloyalty by its party, under date ed, the Executive deems it proper to say, will be his purpose then, as ever, to be guided of September 24th, 1861, says : by the Constitution and laws, and that he "The President is right in his treatment of probably will have no different understanding Fremont's Proclamation. Congress, at the reof the powers and duties of the Federal Gov- cent session, with direct reference to the negro ernment relative to the rights of the states and question in the rebellion, having prescribed a the people, under the Constitution, THAN | precise rule of action for the Government THAT EXPRESSED IN THE INAUGURAL Government must necessarily adhere to this ADDRESS. He desires to preserve the Gov- rule of action. To disobey it, or to transcend ernment, that it may be administered for all, it, ever so little, is to treat the law.making as it was administered by the men who made it. power with contempt, and to make the PresiLoyal citizens everywhere have a right to claim dent liable to impeachment. It is immaterial, this of their Government; and the Government in this regard, whether the rule prescribed is has no right to withhold or neglect it. It is not right or wrong; it is prescribed by the only perceived, that in giving it, there is any, coer- power which has authority to prescribe it, and cion, any conquest, or any subjugation, in any it must stand and command obedience until just sense of these terms."

that power shall abolish or alter it." Now, reader, this same doctrine' is TRAIT- Who dare assert, in 1864, that the exercise OROUS in 1864, if we do not happen to vote of power in issuing the proclamation, establish- . the so-called UNION ticket.

ed a limited monarchy, are deemed as traitors

and copperheads. We who believed in the above CONGRESS ON THE OBJECT OF THE WAR.

Let us now notice some resolutions passed in principles in 1861, and were loyal, and still the House as recorded in the Congressional nounced as disloyal, traitors--copperheads, be

sincerely believe them right in 1864, are deGlobe, which received the unanimous support

cause we choose not to change our opinions, and of the republicans, on the 11th of Feb., 1861: I fall in with a fanatical party, under the sancti

1. Resolved, That neither the Federal Guvern-monious name of Union, and adopt Greeley's ment, nor the people, or Governments of nonslave holding states, have a purpose or a Con- doctrine—that of Negro Emancipation-and stitutional right to legislate upon, or interfere Thad. Stevens, the leader of the late Repubwith slavery in any of the States of the Union. lican Congress, who, in a speech, said:

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MR. CHASE

MR. CHASE AN OLD ABOLITIONIST.

“The Union as it was, and the Constitution rial for agitation? There is abundant occaas it is GOD FORBID IT ! We must con- sion for the public abhorence of mob violence. quer the Southern States, and hold them as But when all the circumstances have heen reconquered provinces.?!

viewed, the popular condemnation of those

who, while the nation is struggling for existe : And yet there are none but loyalists and pa- ence, thrust the unoffending negro forward as triots in this new party! Well, the world does a target for infuriated mobs, will become gen

eral and emphatic. Ultra abolitionists were

hailed, in South Carolina, as the best CHASE PRONOUNCES "THE UNION NOT friends" of secession. Practically, they are WORTH FIGHTING FOR."

the worst enemies of the colored man. But A Mr. Blow, in St. Louis, not relishing the abolitionists, in Congress and with the Presi

for the malign influence of these howling manner in which Gen. FRANK P. BLAIR deals dent, rebellion would not, in the beginning, with the Jacobins in Missouri and with the re. have assumed such formidable proportions; strictions imposed upon trade on the Missisip- nor, in its progress, would the North have been

." pi, read that gentleman a lecture a few weeks since. The general has replied, and we copy

WHY SENATOR LATHAM WAS DEFEATED.. from his rejoinder the following notice of the The Chicago Tribune, in alluding to the deSecretary of the Treasury. As the General is feat of Senator LATHAM, of California, for the

loyal,” we presume "loyalists" will accept | United States Senate, said: him as authority:

"He was in favor of the Union as it was. "I know Mr. Chase tolerably well. With No other offense was alleged against him.?? very great ability, and all the good looks, pol- Thus, we have the allegation that to be in ished manners, and gentlemanly bearing that favor of the Union as it was” is an offense.'' Mr. Blow claims for him, he is as thoroughly selfish and narrow as any public man in the country

On the 9th of September, 1844, Mr. SALMON "When the rebellion broke out, Mr Chase held this language: 'The South is not worth P. Chase issued, through the columns of the fighting for? Several gentlemen of high posi-Ohio Columbian, an Abolition paper, what he tion in the country heard him utter this senti- termed the “Liberty Man's Creed," from ment, substantially. He was at that time Sec, which we select the following: retary of the Treasury. Jeff. Davis exclaimed as he left thu Senate, All the South wants is to "I believe that whenever the judiciary of be let alone,' and Mr. Secretary Chase was, in the United States shall cease to be the creaeffect, declaring The South is not worth fighe- ture of the slave power, and the judges shall ing for. Jeff. Davis said, Let us alone receive their appointment from a Liberty PresChase said, Let them alone. The difference ident and Senate, slavery will be declared to between them in fact, although their motives be unconstitutional in the District of Columbia, are wide apart, was the difference between in Florida, and in all states created out of tertweedledum and tweedledee. One wanted a ritories. Southern and the other a Northern Confede- "I believe that slavery in the United States racy, each believing his own chances best in will not survive the accession of the Lrberty parthat sort of a division."

ty to power a single year."

Can any one doubt his original purposes? Mr. THURLOW WEED wrote a letter express- THE PROGRAMME BLOCKED OUT JUST AFTER his indignation at the cowardly treatment

LINCOLN'S NOMINATION. of the unoffending negroes by the New York

Mr. LINCOLN was nominated in May 1860. mob. He inclosed a check of $500 for their The friends of Mr. SEWARD declared that the relief, and said:

Cunvention in throwing over SEWARD and For the persecution of the negro there is a | taking up LINCOLN, had but followed their individed responsibility. The hostility of Irish- stinct of policy to obtain votes they could not men to Africans is unworthy of men who them

otherwise receive. selves seek and find, in America, an asylum from oppression. Yet this hostility would not On this subject we quote a letter from Mr. culminate in murder and arson, but for the Geo. Dawson, 'junior editor of the Albany stimulants supplied by fanatics. Journalists Journal (SEWARD organ) written from the who persistently inflame and exasperate the ignorant and lawless against the negro, are

Chicago Convention to that paper: morally responsible for these outrages. But

"CHICAGO, May 19, 1860. what cares Wendell Phillips how many negroes "Misrepresentation has achieved its work: are murdered, if their blood furnished mate. The timid and credulous have succumbed to

WEED ON THE MOB INCITERS.

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threats and perversions. To please a few thou- | that many of those by whose hands his immol sand men of equivocal principle and faltering ation was actually consumated did not share in faith, millions of loyal hearts have been sad- the spirit of envy and hate, but enough did to dened. The recognized standard.bearer of the turn the scale, and I have no wish to withhold Republican party has been sacrified upon the from them this acknowledgement of their right altar of availabilty.

to the commendations which they will covet This sacrifice was alike cruel and unneces- from those who are in sympathy with them." sary. No man in the Republican party has greater strength than Wm. H: Seward. No man JOSHUA R. GIDDINGS was a member in good deserves more at the hands of that party, or standing of the Chicago convention. We copy possesses greater fitness for the high office for the following from its proceedings to show that which its national tribunal has declared him unworthy. His platform is that of the Repub- they voted down anything like Sewardism, for lican party and was before it. He, more than fear they could not catch the conservative' " any other man, initiated the principles which vote. LINCOLN, at Freeport, had declared in called it into being, and which gave, and which still gives it all its vitality. No other man's favor of the Fugitive Slave Law; and his nomhistory so distinctly embodies the grand idea ination was calculated to cater to the prowhich brought together those who originally slaverysentiment. But read the following entered into the Republican organization; and by the light of subsequent events, and tell us the world's verdict was, that good faith, common honesty and the future history and well-, whether you can escape the conclusion that being of the Redublican party demanded his policy and deception was combined in the Chinomination as its standard-bearer in the pres-cago convention: ent canvass.

"But this verdict has been reversed. The "Mr. Giddings--Mr. President, I propose to inflexible virtues, the unwavering integrity, offer, after the first resolution as it stands the heroic courage, the profound sagacity, and here, as a declaration of principles, the folthe exalted statesmanship which endeared him lowing: to the people, constituted the stumbling block

"That we solemnly re-assert the self-evident truths that, and the rock of offence to the convention. He all men are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienwas deemed too pure, too consistent, too heroic, able rights, among which are those of life, liberty, and the too wise, and too thoroughly and too conspicu- tuted among men to secure the enjoyment of these rights.”

pursuit of happiness, (cheers) that goverrments are insti. ously imbued with the distinctive principles of - Republicanism, to succeed.

"Mr. Carter, of Ohio, interrupted--Mr. “Men, no single proportion of whose heart President, Iever beat responsive to the principles of the "Mr. Giddings--My colleague will ask no do so William H. Seward must be sacred.

to tain of me, I take it. (Applause. I will deLocalities where Republicanism never had vi- dred years ago the philosophers of Europe detality to breathe were coveted; and to encour- clared to the world that buman governments age the effort to achieve what is unattainable, rere based upon human rights, and all ChrisWilliam H. Seward was sacrificed. States whótain writers have sustained that doctrine until have never yet inhaled sufficient of the free the members of this convention. Our Father's spirit of Republicanism to assume its name, impressed with this all permeating truth, that demanded the immolation, and they were grat- right of every human being to live and enjoy ified. Love of consistency, admiration for a that liberty, whichenables him to obtain knowlong life of devotion to freedom, and a heroic ledge and pursue happiness, and no man has purpose to stand or fall by the noblest embodi- the power to withhold it from him. (Prolongment of undiluted and undefiled principle, alled cheers.) had to succumb to fancied expediency and bit- "Our fathers, embraced this solemn truth; ter hate.

laid it down as the chief corner stone, the baThe result is less a defeat of William H. sis upon which this Federal Government was Seward than a triumph of his personal ene- founded. of all parties, the Supreme Court mies. The sentiment which culminated in his included, these were the primitive, life-giving, rejection was chiefly manufactured by those vitalizing principles of the Constitution. It is whose dislike of the man was infinitely in ad- because these principles have been overturned vance of their principles. For years he has denied and destroyed by our opponents, that been their Mordecai, at the king's gate; and by we now exist as a party, (Cheers.) At Philafeeding the doubts of some, by exciting the delphia we called on them to meet it. They apprehensions of others, and by the industri- have not met it. They put forward the Supreme ous utterance of misrepresentations to all, Court to meet it. The Court denied those ingly attained the end they have so ardently dare not deny them; and through the campaign they have like their ancient prototype, seem- principles, but the Democratis part led those coveted, and secured the discomfiture of those and for four years, no Democrat has stood bewho have, for long years, looked and hoped for fore the world denying that truth, nor will they. the coming day when William H. Seward Now, I propose to maintain tho doctrines of should attain the exalted position for which no our fathers. I propose to maintain the fundaman living is so worthy. I know very well | mental and primeval issues upon which the Gov

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jority.

TION.

Convention:

ernment was founded. I will detain this con- have spoken for freedom everywhere, and for vention no longer. I offer this because our civilization; and, as the less is contained in the party was formed upon it. It grew upon it. greater, so are all arts, all sciences, all econoIt has existed upon it—and when you leave out mies, all refinement, all charities, all delightsthis truth you leave out the party."

of life, embodied in this cause: You may re....

ject it, but it will be only for to-day. The sacThe amendmept was rejected by a large ma

red animosity between freedom and slavery can end only in the triumph of freedom. The same

question will soon be carried before that high LINCOLN'S LETTER ACCEPTING THE NOMINA- tribunal, supreme over Sénáte and Court, where

the Judges will be counted by millions, and

where the jụdgment rendered will be the solNow read Mr. Lincoln's letter of acceptance: emn charge of an aroused people, instructing a SPRINGFIELD, III., May 22.

new President, in the name of Freedom, to Hon. Geo. Ashmun, Prest. of the Republican National see that civilization receives no detriment.

The judges” here referred to, that could be "SIR:-I accept the nominction tendered me by the Convention, over which you presid- "coụnted by millions" and which were to be the ed, and of which I am formally apprised in a "high tribunal” that were to bear down and letter of yourself and others, acting as a com- reign "supreme over Senate and Court,"' were mitted of that convention, for that purpose. --

the great army of Wide Awakes. The declaration of principles and sentiments which accompanies your letter, meets my ap

This was letting the cat out of the bag: proval, and it shall be my care not to violate SUMNER was a leader in the Republican counthem, or disregard them in any particular. Im-sels, and although that party has carried out ploring the assistance of Divine Power, and thus far, the programme here laid down by with regard to the views and feelings of all who were represented in the convention, to SUMNER, yet for fear it would "hurt? their the rights of the States, and Territories and cause pending the election, many of the radipeople of the nation to the in violability of the cal's mildly denounced not the doctrine--bụt Constitution, and the perpetual union, har- its utterance at that time. The New York Post mony and prosperity of all, I am most happy to co-operate for the practical success of the said: principles declared by the convention.

No one, we presume, can fail to admire the "Your obliged friend and fellow citizen,

ability and cogency of this address; but wlieth"ABRAHAM LINCOLN." er the peculiar line of argument was called for

at this time, or whether it will aid in the New read the following in juxtaposition, and sage of the Kansas admission bill, may admit

passee if you can arrive at Mr. LINCOLN'S aims: of doubt. It seems to us, that its invective can

have little other effect than to irritate the obExtract from Lincoln's Resolution adopted at the

speech, June 17, 1858. Chicago Convention. jects of it, and to render their prejudices more "In my opinion it (slave- "That to the Union of the inveterate and stubborn. Mr. Chestnut, in his ry agitation) will nut cease, states (half slave and half ill-natured and ungentlemanly reply, illustratuntil a crisis shall have been free) this nation owes its unreached and passed. A house precedented increase in pop

ed perhaps the truth of many of Mr. Sumner's divided against itself cannot ulation-its surprising de- remarks upon the manners of slave-masters, stand. . I believe this goy- velopment of material re. but he illustrated also the spirit in which those manently half slave and tation of wealth--its happi- remarks are likely to be received. Few of the the Union to be dissolved-I abroad; and we hold in ab- convincing array of facts, while all of them

Con herners will give heed to Mr. Sumner's do not expect the house to horrence all schemes for fall.but I do expect it will Disunion, come from me

will be repulsed and offended by the unsparing cease to be divided. It will ever source they may.

tone of his criticism." becometall one thing or all And denounce those the other." threats of disunion, in case

Upon which the Wisconsin State Journal of a popular overthrow of (which published SUMNER's speech) remarked: their ascendancy, as deny: ing the vital principles of a "Mr. Sumner's speech presents a very free government, and as an avowal of contemplated trea- marked contrast to those of Mr. Seward. The son, which it is the impera- | latter is always scrupulously careful, while tive duty of an indignant pointing out the wrong and the impolicy of people sternly to rebuke and slavery, and assailing the system with the ir

resistible force of his logic, not to wound and SUMNER OPENS THE RADICAL BALL. esperate the personal feelings of his opponents.

The same may be said of Mr. Lincoln. · Both On the 4th of June following, Mr. SUMNRR he and Mr. Seward, while their arguments are made a violent speech in the Senate, which no less pointed and unanswerable than those gave the key note to the purposes of the party, of Mr. Sumner, preserve an imperturable

good nature and self-possession. In this way, when successful. In concluding, he said:

without kindling the angry feelings of their opThus, sir, speaking for freedom in Kansas, I | ponents to the same extent, their advocacy of

we

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