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a great curse abolition has been to the French This last act in this abolition tragedy now and negroes, we quote from p. 251, as follows: remains for us to perform. The other acts we
“Since the expulsion of the French from the island, St. have scrupulously imitated, and it only remains Domingo has been nominally independent; but slavery for us to finish up the afterpiece." The trahas been far indeed from being abolished, and the condi- gedians, prompters, supes and all are on the tion of the people anything but ameliorated by the change. Nominally free, the blacks have remained really enslaved. stage, playing to crowded housës. Compelled to labor, by the terrors of military discipline, for a small part of the produce of the soil, they have retained the severity, without the advantages of servitude; the industrious habits, the flourishing aspect of the island have disappeared; the surplus wealth, the agricultural opulence of the fields, have ceased; from being the great
CHAPTER II. est exporting island in the West Indies, it has ceased to raise any sugar; and the inhabitants, reduced to half their
CFFECTS AND INCIDENTS OF AGITATION IN THE Republican task masters, have relapsed into the indolence
WEST INDIES. and inactivity of savage life. “The revolution of St. Domingo has demonstrated that
Agitation of the Slavery Question in England... A bolition the negroes can occasionally exert all the vigor and hero
of the Slave Trade... English Philanthropists Define their ism which distinguish the European character: but there
Position against immediate Emancipation... Abolition of is, as yet, no reason to suppose that they are capable of
Slavery in the British West Indies : Effects of such the continued efforts, the sustained and persevering toil,
Emancipation... Testimony of Anti-Slavery men... Derequisite to erect the fabric of civilized freedom. An ob
cline of Commerce... Destruction of Agriculture... The servation of Gibbon seems decisive on this subject: "The inaction of the negroes does not seem to be the effect
Negroes Tending to Heathenism... Valuable Statistics either of their virtue or of their pusillanimity. They
respecting. Hayti... Indolenco and Destitution of the indulge, like the rest of mankind, their passions and
Negroes... Present Condition of Hayti... Abolition Testi
mony... The Results of Emancipation in Jamaica... Census appetites, and the adjacent tribes are engaged in fre
and Statistics... Great Falling Off in Products... Estates quent acts of hostility. But this rude ignorance has
Going to Decay... The Negro Receding into a Savage never invented any effectual weapons of defense or de
State.... The Public Debt Increasing.... The “London struction; they appear incapable of forming any exten
Times” Owns Up... Dr. CHANNING'S Prophecy not Fulsive plans of government or conquest, and the obvious in
filled... TROLLOP and the “ London Times"....Negroes feriority of their mental faculties has been discovered and
will not render Voluntary Labor... Testimony of numerabused by the nations of the temperate zone. Sixty thous
ous Abolitionists, showing the Effects of Emancipation and blacks are annually embarked from the coast of Guinea
in the West Indies... Effect in Mexico... Mr. LINCOLN'S but they embark in chains, never to return to their nativo
Opinion... Statistics Applicable to the Question in the country; and this constant emigration, which, in the space West Indies and the United States...General Concluof two centuries, might have furnished armies to overrun
sions, etc. the globe, accuses the guilt of Europe and the weakness of Africa, “If the negroes are not inferior, either in vigor, courage,
SLAVERY AGITATION IN ENGLAND. or intelligence to the European, how has it happened that for six thousand years, they have remained in the savage
In England, for more than two centuries, state? What has prevented mighty empires arising on the the question of abolition was agitated, Canway as on those of the Euphrates, the Ganges, tandame NING, CLARKSON, WILBERFORCE, BURKE and Nile? Heat of climate, intricacy of forests, extent of de
other humanitarians devoted their lives to the sert, will not solve the difficulty, for they exist to as great subject, and the world has given them credit an extent in the plains of Mesopotamia or Hindostan as in for unambitious and human impulses, and tained the Africans in that degraded condition, by their while these philanthropists scorned to make violence, injustice and the slave trade.
political merchandise of their prejudices “How has it happened that the inhabitants of that vast against slavery, their agitation of the subject, and fruitful region have not risen to the government of the globe, and inflicted on the savages of Europe the evils horde of demagogues, cheap philanthropists and
as in Rome and France, brought to the surface a all nations start alike in the career of infant improvement? political agitators, who of course jostled from and was not Egypt, the cradle of civilization, nearer the the stage an equal number of Statesmen. . est representations of nations in existence the paintings These agitators are indigious to all civilized on the walls of the tombs of the Kings of Egypt, the dis- countries, and are ever ready to mount the tinct races of the Asiatics, the Jews, the Hottentots, aud most popular hobby on which to ride into place Europeans are clearly marked; but the blue-eyed and and power, and herein we have a melancholy with the hair turned outward, in the pristine state of pas- parallel in this country. toral life, while the Hottentots are already clothed in the
In 1798 Mr Pitt introduced his bill in the garb of civilized existence. What since has given so House of Commons for the abolition of the mighty an impulse to European civilization, and detained slave trade, which finally became a law, and in a stationary or declining state the immediate neighbors of Egyptian and Carthagenian greatness? It is impossi- that inhuman traffic was no longer patronized ble to arrive at any other conclusion but that, in the qual- by the British flag. But the system of slavery ities requsite to create and perpetuate civilization, the Af- introduced under the ægis of that flag in rican is decidedly inferior to the European race; and if America and in the British West Indies, had any doubt could exist on this subject, it would be removed by the subsequent history and present state of the Haytian so fastened its fangs on the body politic, and Republic."-See Mackenzie's St, Domingo, vol. ii, 260, 321, so interwoven itself among all relations of
The following table contains the comparative wealth, produce, and trade of St. Domingo, before 1789, and in life, that to attempt its sudden extirpation was 1832, after forty years of nominal freedom.
considered by the wisest and best philanthroST. DOMINGO. 1789.
pists of the day as an evil even greater than Population....
the system itself. PALEY, Sugar exported.............672,0000,000 lbs. .
pationist, after a long agitation exclaimed, Coffee....
... 86,789,000 lbs. 32,000,000 lbs Ships employed in trade...........1,680
“The truth is, emancipation should be gradual, or the Sailors
consequences may be terrible." Exports to France... £9,720,000 Imports from ditto............9,890,000
CANNING, the great English emancipation
ist, in his speech on the subject in Parliament, she withbolden from them? What production of any zone March 6th, 1824, said:
would be unattainable by patient industry, if they knew
of such a virtue? But this valley seems to be encircled If I am asked whether I am for the permanent exist- with the greatest fertility and the finest climate in the ance of slavery in our colonies, I say no; but if I am ask
world, only to show the miraculous power of idleness and ed whether I am favorable to its immediate abolition, I
unthrift to keep land poor! Here, the family have somesay no; and if I am asked which I would prefer, perma
times omitted their dinner because there was nothing to eat nent slavery or immediate abolition, I do not know wheth
in the house! Maize, cocoa and rice. when out of season, er under all the perplexing circumstances of the case, I
can hardly be had for love or money; so this valley (Cauca) should not prefer things remaining as they are.---Can
a very Eden by nature, is filed with hunger and poverty !!! ning's Select Speeches, p. 414.
A distinguished writer, commenting on the Here, we see the well grounded fears of a above, says: real philanthropist, who looked to remote con
'Now, there are over 2,000,000 of square miles essentially sequences rather than to immediate political | in the same position, degraded in morals, lazy in habits, advantage.
and worthless in every respect. The improvements under It was not until 1833, thirty-five years after grel population do nothing, except insult the name of
the Spaniards are gone to decay and ruin, while the monPitt introduced his measure for the abolition “God and Liberty” by indulging in pronunciamentos and of the slave trade, that England abolished revolutions.” slavery in her eighteen West Indian colonies, When God had made all things save man, He at a cost of $100,000,000, and it should be re
found there was no one to till the ground, memhered that the home Government had no
so he made Adam. Thus, it seems that the slaves, and hence nothing to fear, except to
Divine object in creating man was to "till the the pockets of her West Indian merchants, nor
land”-to labor and earn his sustenance "by had she any constitutional barriers in the way
the sweat of his brow,' and that people who But, although slavery has been abolished in will not labor, defy the purposes of God, and the British West Indies for over thirty years, his curses must follow, as we shall see. and the system of free labor and African free
The result of French and British philandom thoroughly tested, there is no historical thropy has been emancipation from labor, and dissent from the well known fact that both mas- degradation. Misery and want is the result of ter and slave, in every material fact pertain that emancipation, because it is historically ing to their commercial prosperity, their phys- true that the Ethiopean will not labor unless ical, moral and religious condition, are im- compelled by the thrift of his Caucasian or measurably below the standard of their former Castilian superiors, and herein lies the secret condition. Let a few statistical and historical of retrogression, pauperism and crime, under facts seitle this point.
the fatal mistake of philanthropists that all men should be equal by human laws, when God by His laws peremptorily forbids it.
In 1800 there was imported from the West The West India Islands contain about 150,- Indies cotton to the amount of 17,000,000 lbs., 000 square miles of the richest territory on and from the United States 19,789,803 lbs. the globe, and a climate that no latitude or Thus, in 1800 they were about equally prolongitude surpasses. A distinguished traveller | ductive in that fabric. In 1840, under their says:
freedom of from 10 to 45 years, the West Indies "It is extremely difficult to convey to one unacquainted exported only 866,157 lbs. of cotton, while the with the richness and variety of the island scenery of the
United States exported 743,941,061 lbs. Gartropics, a correct impression of its gorgeous scenery.- rison, Thompson, and other British agitators, Islands rising from a crystal sea, clothed with a vege had predicted that the West Indies, under the tation of surpassing luxuriance and splendor, and of every variety, from the tall and graceful palm, the stately
new system of freedom would outstrip the and spreading'mahogony, to the bright flowers that seem slavery accursed United States. But the above to have stolen their tints from the glowing sun above facts do not show it in this light. them. Birds, with colors as varied and gorgeous as the hues of the rainbow, flit amid the dark green foliage of
THE HAYTIEN FREE REPUBLIC. the forests, and flamingoes, with their scarlet plumage, flash along the shore. Fish, of the same varied hues, Hayti is divided into two grand divisions, glide through waters so clear that for fathoms below the surface they can be distinctly seen.
the Western portion being the Haytien, or ne
Turn the eye where it will, on sea or land, some bright color flashes before it. gro colony, and the Eastern the Dominican Nature is here a queen indeed, and dressed for a gala day.” Republic. It is first in size to Cuba, is the
To this gorgeous picture may be added the most luxuriant and fertile of the Antilles, and fact that all the lucious fruits of the tropics, contains 27,690 square miles, of which 17,599 oranges, lemons, citrons, mangoes, coffee,
are comprised in the Dominican Republic.plantains, bananas, yams, maize, millet, pine The entire length of the Island is 406 miles apples, melons, grapes, &c., grow spontaneous- by 163 broad. The population is estimated at ly. Such a paradise-such a garden of Eden- from 550,000 to 650,000. The climate and ought to secure wealth, prosperity and happi- natual resources surpass any other locality on ness to even the least deserving effort. A light this planet. Gold, silver, platina, sulphur, 'draft' on Prof. Holton's work on New Gren-. copper, tin, iron, rock salt, jasper, marble &c.
&c, exist in abundance, and under the old sys
tem the mines and quarries were made to yield “What more could nature do for this people, or what has abundance of wealth, but these have long since
* NEW GRENADA: Twenty Months in the Andes. By ceased to be worked, as has the soil, and every Isaac F. Holton, M. A. Harper & Bros.
department requiring labor.
EFFECTS OF EMANCIPATION
eda* will pay:
In 1790 Hayti was in the heyday of its pros- | in his work just published, entitled The West perity. "At that time," says a distinguished | Indies-their Moral and Social Condition. Mr. writer, “it supplied half of Europe with sugar. U. was sent out by the Baptist Missionary SoIt was a French colony and contained a popu- ciety of London, and is an Abolitionist of unlation of 500,000, of which 38,360 were whites doubted orthodoxy. In his description of his and 28,370 free negroes, mostly mulattos, the journey to Port au Prince, he says: rest were slaves." This was the error of the great French revolution, when BRISSOT was tations, the buildings in ruins, the sugar mills decayed,
“We passed by many, or through many abandoned planagitating the abolition of slavery in the French and the iron pans str:wing the road side, cracked and brocolonies, on the basis of “liberty, equality kenix But for the law that forbids, on pain of confiscation, and fraternity." In 1793 the freedom of Hayti foreign merchants. Only once in this long ride did we was decreed, and the grand
grand experiment" come upon a mill in use. It was grinding canes, in order was entered upon. Let us put in juxtaposition to manufacture the syrup from which tafia is made,a kind di few statistics that exhibit the result of this
of inferior rum, the intoxicating drink of the country.
The mill was worked by a large overshot or water wheel, humane course. In 1790, three years before the water being brought by an aqueduct from a very conemancipation, the exports from Hayti were siderable distance. With the exception of a few banana $27,828,000. The following being the princi- gardens. or smalı patches of maize around the cottages,
nowhere did this magnificent and fertile plain show signs pal productions that entered into the exporting of cultivation. manifests. We compare them below for three "In the time of the French occupation, before the Revoperiods, ranging from 1790 to 1849, the latest lution of 1798, thousands of hogsheads of sugar were prodates which furnish any reliable statisics:
duced, now not one! All is decay and desolation! The
pastures are deserted, and the prickly pear covers the land 1790.
1849, once laughing with the bright hues of the sugar cane. Sugar, lbs............. 103,405, 220 32,864
“The hydraulic works erected at vast expense, for irrigaCoffee, lbs,
68,151,180 32,189,784 30,608,343 tion, have crumbled to dust. The plow is an unknown imCotton, lbs,
6,286,126 620,972 544,516 plement of culture, although so eminently adapted to the Indigo, lbs, 930,016
great plains and deep soil of Hayti.
“A country so capable of producing for export, and Here is the result of three periods, the first therefore for the enrichment of its people, besides coffee, three years before emancipation, the second sugar, cotton, tobacco, cacao, spices-every tropical fruit, thirty-three years after, and the third fifty-six cultivated and desolate! Its rich 'mines are neither exyears after. It will be seen that the article of plored nor worked, and its beautiful woods rot in the soil coffee is the only article that has kept up to where they grow. A little log wood is exported, but eboeven an approximation to the original standard, ny, mahogony and the finest building timber, rarely fall the reason is, though flourishing under good The present inhabitants despise all servile labor, and are cultivation, yields moderately well under spon- for the most part content with the spontaneous productions taneous growth, and can be procured without of the soil and forest. agricultural labor, while sugar, indigo, and
NIGROES RELAPSIN INTO BARBARISM. cotton cannot. Here is a striking evidence of the worthless indolence of the negro when left
As showing the tendency of the negro to reto himself. The above statistics are taken from lapse into the barbarism of his African prothe United States Commercial Relations, vol. genitors, we copy Mr. UNDERHILL's descrip1, pp. 561–2, officially reported to Congress tion of what is known as the Vaudoux religion and published by its order.
or serpent worship: “In collonial times, when the soil was cultivated by "It is a native African superstition, and proves beyond all forced labor, this same country (Hayti) produced for ex- question the rapid return of the Hayti negroes to the port five or six times the amounts now exported.”--Ap- original savageism of their African ancestors.” pleton's New American Cyclopedia.
“The public revenue is derived chiefly from customs, nav- Mr. UNDERHILL gives a full description of igation dues, monopolies, &c, and averages about $1,000;
this disgusting, heathenish rite, from which we 000 a year, The expenditures exceed this amount, and hence the public debt has been constantly increasing.”
select the chorus. The object of which is a Ibid.
small green snake, to worship which the negro But we are not left wholly to statistics. A naturally has a predisposition, but is repressed foreign resident at the Haytien capital writes: by control of the whites. of late it has been .:"This country has made, since its emancipation, no pro- heathenish exercises:
revived in Hayti, and we give the chorus of the gress whatever. The population principally live upon the produce of the grown wild coffee plantations; remnants of the French dominion. Properly speaking, planta
Eh! eh! Bomba, hen! hen!
Conga baffia te tions of the model of the English in Jamaica, or the Span
Conga mourne de le! ish in Cuba, do not exist here. Hayti is the most fertile and the most beautiful of the Antilles, it has more moun
Conga de ki li tains than Cuba, and more space than Jamaica. No where
Conga li! the coffee tree coud better thrive than here, as it especially Mr. Underhill further describes this heathenlikes a mountainous soil, but the indolence of the negro has brought the once splendid plantations in diecay. They now
ish rite: gather coffee from the grown wild tien. The cultivation
"The Vaudoux meet in a retired spot, designated at a of the sugar cane' has entirely disappeared, and the Island that once supplied the one half of Europe with sugar now
primary meeting. On entering, they take off their supplies its own wants from Jamaica and the United shoes, and bind about their bodies handkerchiefs, in
which a red color predominates. The king is known by States."
the scarlet band around his head, worn like a crown, and a scarf of the same color distinguishes the queen. The
object of adoration, the serpent, is placed on a stand. The present condition of Hayti is more
It is then worshippeď; after which the box is placed on
the ground, the queen mounts upon it, is seized with vigraphically depicted by Mr. E. B. UNDERHILL olent tremblings, and gives utterances to oracles, in re
THE PRESENT CONDITION OF HAYTI.
THE RESULT IN JAMAICA.
sponse to the prayers of the worshippers. A dance
a people great, happy and prosperous. Of the closes the ceremony. The king puts his hand on the box; a tremor seizes him, which is communicated to the circle.
vast sum appropriated by England for the libA delirious whirl or dance ensues, heightened by the free eration of the slaves, $30,000,000 went to the use of tafia. The weakest fall as dead, on the spot.- Island of Jamaica. We find that according to The bacchanalian revelers, always dancing and turning the Encyclopædia of Commerce, the following about, are borne away into a place close at hand, where sometimes, under the tripple excitement of promiscuous
as the results for two periods, of exportations: intercourse, drunkenness and darkness, scenes are enacted, enough to make the impassable gcds of Africa
Before Emancipation. itself gnash their teeth with horror."
Val. of Products. 1809
.£3,033,234 Can it be possible that the advocates of emancipation find in such lamentable evidences of
Val. of Products. retrogression, encouragement for continued zeal in a cause that suffers debasement without
.. £837,276 a remedy? And yet we are told, “only give
Leading Products of Jamaica in 1805.
.. the negro a chance, and he will become equal Sugar, hhds.
150,352 to the whites!" Mr. Webley, a missionary, Pimento, ibs.
1,041,540 in writing to the London Missionary Herald, Coffee, lbs.....
.17,961,923 in 1850, says:
In 1834, the year emancipation was affected, “These Vaudoux almost deluge the Haytien part of the the products stood as follows: island. They practice witchcraft and mysticism, to an almost indefinite extent. They are singular adepts at
Products of Jamaica in 1834. poisoning-a person rarely escapes them when he has Sugar, hhds...
84,756 beeu fixed upon as a victim,"
32,111 Pimiento, ibs.....
3,605,400 Such are the sickening orgies of a race we Coffee, ibs....
......17,725,731 are being called upon to make equally free, at the expense of millions of treasure and the
The next year, and first under the "free"? best Caucasian blood in our nation. History
system, the amount of sugar fell off to 77,970 furnishes us no example on this planet where bhds; coffee to 10,593,018 lbs., &c. the negro race, with every advantage at their
Products of Jamaica in 1856. command, have shown their ability for coloni. Sugar, lihds..
25,920 zation and self-government, even approxi- Rum, punch.
14,470 mating that of the white race.
6,848, 622 Coffee, lbs...
Upon which the author of Results of EmanJamaica is the most extensive of all the cipation in the North and West India Islands, British West Indies
It is longitudinally 150 remarks: miles in extent, and 50 miles broad, contain
"The only crop that had increased was that of Pimento ing near 6,500 square miles. The .census of or 'all-spice,' the increase of which, instead of being an 1844 showed the following population:
evidence of the industry of the negro, is the reverse. The
Pimento tree grows wild in Jamaica, and rapidly spreads Whites
15,779 over land formerly under cultivation. As the plantations Mulattoes.
68,529 were abandoned, they were overrun with this tree, and the Negroes
293,128 negro women and children pick the berries without the
trouble of cultivation. The coffee tree to a certain extent Total.....
.377,438 is like the Pimento, and grows wild in many places, hence
the production of coffee has not fallen off in the same proThe census of 1861, and the last one taken, portion as that of sugar, which can only be produced by shows the following:
careful cultivation. The coffee crop of Jamaica, however,
in 1813, before the overthrow of slave labor, was 34,045,585 Whites ...
13,816 Ibs, but the average crop for the past ten years has not been Mulattoes
over 5,000,000 lbs., while the sugar crop had fallen in 1863 Negroes ..
346,374 as low as 20,000 hhds. These facts and statistics demon.
strate the downhill progress of Jamaica, and show what. Total.......
41,255 may be expected wherever the experiment of free negro
ism is attempted. Of this number, after twenty-eight years of “The rapidity with which estates have been abandoned freedom, only 50,726 could read or write. It | in Jamaica, and the decrease in the taxable property of the will be seen also, that the white population de Island, is also astounding. The movable and the immovcreases, while the negro and mulatto portion nearly $250,000,000. In 1850 the assessed valnation had rapidly increased, thus showing that in time fallen to £11,500,000. In 1857 it was reduced to £9,500,the white race must be merged and lost in the 000, and Mr. WESTMORELAND in a speech in the Jamaica black race-a not very flattering aspect for the
House of Assembly, stated it was believed that the falling
off would be £2,000,000 more in 1852. From a report pride of blood.
made to the House of Assembly, of the number and extent Jamaica, like the other West Indies. of the plantations abandoned, during the years 1848, '49, abounds in all the rich minerals, woods and '50, 251 and 52, we gather the following facts:
The Island has been untropical vegetation
..128 Sugar estates abandoned, partially abandoned,
71 der the paw of the British lion ever since the Coffee plantations abandoned, halcyon days of Cromwell, and flourished with
partially abandoned, stint till 1938, the expiration of the appren- The total number of acres thus thrown out of cultivation, tre system, under the emarcipation act. in five years, were 391,187. This is only a sample, for the Since that time the progress of the Island, has
same process has been going on ever since emancipation.
"In the five years immediately succeeding emancipation been positively downward in all that constitutes the abandoned estates stood as follows:
TESTIMONY OF THE LONDON TIMES.
140=168,032 acres. from emancipation. This change would make them richer "Coffee plantations...... ...465=188,400 acres. rather than poorer. One would think, indeed, from the “These plantations employed 39,383 laborers, whose in
common language on the subject, that the negroes were dustry was therefore at once lost to the world, and the ar
to be annihilated by being set free; that the whole labor ticles they had raised were just so much extracted from
of the South was to be destroyed by a single blow. But consumption. The price of these articles-sugar and
the colored man, when freed, will not vanish from the soil;
he will stand there with the same muscles as before, only coffee, was increased, on account of diminished production, and that increased cost represented the tax which the
strung anew by liberty; with the same limbs to toil, and world paid for the privilege of allowing Sambo to loll in
with stronger motives to toil than before. He will work idleness. The Cyclopedia of Commerce says:
from hope, not fear; will work for himself, not others; and ""The negro is rapidly receding into a savage state, and
unless all the principles of human nature are reversed that unless there is a large and immediate supply of eni
under a black skin, he will work better than before.
“We believe that agriculture will revive, our worn out grants, all society will coine to a speedy end, and the Island become a second Hayti!""
soils will be renewed, and the whole country assume a
brighter aspect under free labor. ÞUBLIC DEBT OF JAMAICA INCREASING.
TROLLOP AND THE LONPON TIMES. Appleton's New American Cyclopedia says that the public debt of Jamaica has in- This has been the syren song of the abolicreased from £529,856 in 1847, to £913,618 in tionists for centuries, but in no case does it 1857," or an increase of $191,880 per annum. tally with historical or physical facts: Mr.
Anthony Trollop, an Englishman, who has
written a book on Jamaica, seems to take the The London Times, the court organ of the other view of the matter, from actual observaBritish government, is forced to acknowledge tion, and not from theory, and the London the bad results of emancipation. Such a can- Times thus disposes of the case: did admission from such a source is worth a
“ A servile race, peculiarly fitted by nature for the thousand theoretical, sentimental and fanati- hardest physical work in
hardest physical work in a burning climate. The negro cal sermons and speeches, that seek to arouse has no desire for property strong enough to induce him the prejudices, without stopping to consider
to labor with sustained power. He lives from hand to
mouth. In order that he may have his dinner and some results or offer remedies. The Times says:
small finery, he will work a little, but after that he is
content to lie in the sun. This, in Jamaica, he can very "There is no blinking the truth. Years of bitter expe
easily do, for emancipation and free trade have combined rience-years of hope deferred, of self devotion unrequit
to throw enormous tracts of land out of cultivation, and ed, of prayers unanswered, of sufferings divided, of in
on these the negro squats, getting all that he wants, sults unresented, of contumely patiently endured, have convinced us of the truth. It must be spoken out boldly
with very little trouble, and sinking in the most resolute and energetically, despite the wild mockings of howling he refuses to work after 10 o'clock in the morning.
fishion to the savage state. Lying under his cotton tree, cant. The freed West India slave will not till the soil for
tank 'ee, massa, me tired, now; me no want more money. wages. The free son of the ex-slave is as obstinate as his
Or by the way of variety, he may say: 'No, workee no sire. He will not cultivate lands which he has not bought for his own.
And so the Yams, mangoes and plantains-these satisfy planter must see his cane foul with weeds, because he
more; money no nuff; workee no pay.' his wants. He cares not for your cotton. Sugar, coffee and
cannot prevail on Sambo to earn a second shilling by tobacco, he cares but little for, and what matters.it to him that the Englishman has sunk his thousands and tens of going into the corn-fields. He calls him a lazy nigger,
and threatens him with starvation. His answer is: 'No, thousands on mills, machinery and plantations, which now
massa; no starvee now; God send plenty yam.' These totter on the languishing estates that for years has only returned him to beggery and debt? He eats his yams and
yams, be it observed, on which Sambo lives, and on the
strength of which he declines to work, are grown on the sniggers at 'Buckra."
We know not why this should be planter's own ground, and probably planted at his own but so it is! The negro has been bought with a price--thé
expense. price of English taxation and English toil. He has been redeemed from bondage by the sweat and travail of some
"There lies the shiny, oily, odorous negro under his
mango-tree, eating the lucious fruit in the sun. He sends millions of hard worlcing Englishmen! Twenty millions
his black urchin up for a bread fruit, and behold, the fam$100,000,000-have been distilled ily table is spread." He pierces a cocoanut, and lo! there is from the brains and muscles of the free English laborer, of his beverage. He lies on the ground surrounded by or. every degree, to fashion the West India negro into a "free,
anges, bananas and pine apples. Why should he work? independent laborer.' 'Free and independent enough he Let Sambo himself reply; No, Massa, me weak in me has bacome, God knows, but laborer, he is not, and so far
belly; me no workee to-day; me no like workee just um as we can see, never will be. He will sing hyinns and
little moment.' This is a graphic description of the negro quote texts, but honest, steady industry he not only de
character where the climate gives him a chance to show tests, but despises!”
out his real nature. The same author says that 'one-half Such is the candid admission of the official fee-plantations have gone back into a state of bush.?”
of the sugar-estates, and more than one-half of the coforgan of the British Government, ' uttered about the time-some two or three years ago FREE NEGROES WON'T WORK IN AFRICA. when a British Lord submitted a serious proposition in Parliament to return to slavery in the Negroes seldom ever go voluntarily into the West Indies, under the name and guise of field to work. Of all the negros in the North cooley indentures. We have forgotten the no- how many do we see in the fields, the workble Lord's name, but recollect quite well the
quite well the shops or at the forge? Those who do labor, as general comments it encountered, both in Great a general rule, are to be found in the capacity Britain and this country.
of servants in the towns and cities, or retailing
fruits and nuts at a corner stand MUNGO ABOLITION PROPHECIES THIRTY YEARS AGO. PARK, many years ago, writing of his travels Let emancipationists look on the above pic
in Africa, said: ture, and then on the following by that great “Paid servants-persons of free condition, volunta champion of abolition, as a prophesy, in 1833 working for pay-are unknown here.” the Rev. Dr. CHANNING:
Such is the universal testimony of all travel"The planters in general would suffer little, if at all, | lers who allude to the subject.