Page images
PDF
EPUB

when acting as president, should resign, die, or be impeached, the president of the senate pro tempore would then perform the duties of president of the United States.

If he should fail then the duties of the president would devolve on the speaker of the house of representatives, until a new president should be elected.

The salary of the president is $25,000 per year. The salary of the vice-president is $5,000 per year.

POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT.

The president is commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the states when called into the service of the United States. The president is the chief executive of the nation, and is always ready to act promptly and efficiently, and it is to be presumed wisely. Congress alone can declare war, but the president commands the army as soon as it is declared. He is not obliged to command in person, but may authorize another to command in his place.

In Great Britain the king is not only commander

If the vice-president should then die, who would act as president? And if the president of the senate should fail, who then would act as president?

What is the salary of the president?

What of the vice-president?

Of what is the president commander-in-chief?
Why?

Is the president obliged to command in person?

in-chief of the army, navy, and militia, but can declare war, and then raise armies and navies, and call forth the militia to carry it on.

He

Laws cannot be made so as exactly to meet every case. When reputation, liberty and life are at stake it becomes a matter of the highest importance to the offender that no more than justice be done him. may have violated the law ignorantly, or he may have reformed. New testimony proving him innocent, or greatly mitigating his crime, may have been discovered since sentence was passed.

To meet such and similar cases the power of granting reprieves and pardons for offences against the United States, except in impeachment cases, is lodged in the hands of the president.

The president negotiates all treaties, but two-thirds of the senators present must concur, by yeas and nays, or the treaty is void. Thus at the session of congress in 1843-4, President Tyler entered into a treaty of annexation with Texas, but the senate refused to ratify it, and therefore it could not take effect.

The president nominates all ambassadors, and other public ministers, consuls, all judges of the supreme court, and all other officers out of the United

What is said of the king of Great Britain?

Has the president power to grant reprieves and pardons ?
What cases can he not pardon?

Who negotiates treaties with other nations?

Who must concur in those treaties?

What officers does the president nominate?

States, not provided for in the constitution, but all such nominations must be approved by the senate.

If the senate reject the person nominated, the president nominates another, or re-nominates the same. The appointment is not fully made till the president has nominated, the senate approved, and the president has signed the commission.

In England, the king alone makes all the treaties of peace, alliance, commerce, and treaties of every kind. He also appoints all foreign ministers, ambassadors, &c.

The president having the general care and oversight of the interests of the nation, both foreign and domestic, is required "to give information to congress from time to time of the state of the union, and to recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient." Accordingly, as soon as congress has met and organized, the president sends in his annual MESSAGE. And also, during the session of congress, the president sends in other messages.

Occasions may arise during the recess of congress, such as foreign invasion, national calamities, insurrections, &c., when the safety of the nation requires immediate action. The constitution therefore provides

Must they all be approved by the senate?

What if the senate reject the person nominated?

When is the appointment fully made?

How are these matters managed in England?

Of what is the president from time to time to give information to congress?

that "the president may convene both houses of congress, or either of them, on extraordinary occasions."

An extra session of congress was called in this way by John Adams, in 1797, by James Madison, in 1809, by Martin Van Buren, in 1837, and by General Harrison, in 1841.

The king of England has power to prorogue, in other words, to adjourn parliament at any time. But the president of the United States can adjourn congress only in case of disagreement between the two houses as to the time of adjournment.

The president receives all ambassadors and public ministers from foreign governments.

The president is also required to see that the laws of the United States be faithfully executed, and to commission all officers of the United States.

The following is a list of the presidents and vicepresidents of the United States.

1. George Washington, Va., inaugurated April 18, 1789, President 8 years. John Adams, Mass., VicePresident 8 years.

2. John Adams, Mass., inaugurated March 4, 1797,

What can the president convene on extraordinary occasions? When and by whom have extra sessions of congress been called? When only can the president adjourn congress?

What laws is the president required to see faithfully executed?
Whom does the president commission ?

Who was the first president? When was he inaugurated?
How long did he serve?

Who was the second president?

When inaugurated?

President 4 years. Thomas Jefferson, Va., Vice-President 4 years.

3. Thomas Jefferson, Va., inaugurated March 4, 1801, President 8 years. Aaron Burr, N. Y., VicePresident 4 years. George Clinton, N. Y., 1805, Vice-President 4 years.

4. James Madison, Va., inaugurated March 4, 1809, President 8 years. George Clinton, N. Y., Vice-President 4 years. Elbridge Gerry, Mass., 1823, Vice-President 4 years.

5. James Monroe, Va., inaugurated March 4, 1817, President 8 years. Daniel D. Tompkins, N. Y., Vice-President 8 years.

6. John Quincy Adams, Mass., inaugurated March 4, 1825, President 4 years. John C. Calhoun, S. C., Vice-President 4 years.

7. Andrew Jackson, Tenn., inaugurated March 4, 1829, President 8 years. John C. Calhoun, S. C., Vice-President 4 years. Martin Van Buren, N. Y., 1835, Vice-President 4 years.

8. Martin Van Buren, N. Y., inaugurated March 4, 1837, President 4 years. Richard M. Johnson, Ky., Vice-President 4 years.

9. William H. Harrison, Ohio, inaugurated March

How long did he serve?
Who was the third president?
Who was the fourth president?
Who was the fifth president?
Who was the sixth president?
Who was the seventh president?

Who was the eighth president?

Who was the ninth president?

How long did he hold the office?
How long did he hold the office?
How long did he hold the office?
How long did he hold the office?

How long did he hold the office?
How long did he hold the office?

« PreviousContinue »