Page images



LETTER I. P. 11-42.

New-Hampshire convention take up civil government, p. 11. The critical situation of the American army before Boston, p. 14. General Lee is sent on to New-York, p. 15. The inhabitants of Tryon county disarmed, p. 16. General Montgomery killed in an attack upon Quebec, p. 22. Preparations for taking possession of Dorchester Heights, p. 25. The Americans possess themselves of the same, p. 26. General Howe resolves upon evacuating Boston, p. 28-evacuates it, p. 30. The hardships experienced by the inhabitants of the town, p. 33. Norfolk in Virginia, burnt, p. 35. The North-Carolina insurgents subdued, p. 36. The acts of congress, p. 38. Commodore Hopkins's naval expedition, p. 40.


LETTER II. P. 42-61...

The general voice of the Europeans rather favorable to the Americans, p. 43. A dreadful tempest on the coasts of Newfoundland, p. 45% General Conway opposes administration, p. 47. The duke of Grafton unexpectedly quits it, p. 48. Governor Penn examined before the house of lords, p. 50. The address of the representatives of Nova-Scotia to the king and parliament, p. 52. The bill for prohibiting all intercourse with the Thirteen United Colonies strenuously opposed, p. 53. Sir Peter Parker and earl Cornwallis sail for America, p. 55. The British king's treaties with the German princes, p. 56-protested against, p. 58. Lord Howe and general Howe constituted his majesty's commissioners for restoring peace to the colonies, p. 59. The sentiments of the French relative to the American contest, p. 61..


LETTER II. P. 61-92.*

The blockade of Quebec continued, p. 62. The Americans conclude upon retreating from before it, p. 63. The American fort at the Cedars surrendered, p. 65. General Thomson goes against the British at Three-Rivers; is defeated and taken, p. 66. The Americans retreat from Canada, p. 68. Capt. Mugford takes the Hope, ordnance store ship, p. 71. The British ships of war are driven from Nantasket, p. 72. A number of highlanders, with lieut. col. Campbell, taken in Boston Bay, p. 74. Measures taken to draw the New-Yorkers into independen


cy, ibid. Acts of congress, p. 75. Resolutions respecting independency moved and seconded in congress, p. 77. Mr. Payne's pamphlet stiled Common Sense, p. 78. A scheme for destroying general Washington's army at New-York, p. 79. Sir Peter Parker and general Clinton's design against Charleston, in South-Carolina, p. 80. Pennsylvania and Maryland agree to independence, p. 87. The declaration of independence, ibid.


it 9 4x4

LETTER IV. F. 93-106

Lord Howe arrives off Staten-Island, and sends a letter to George Washington, esq. p. 94. General Howe lands the royal army on Long-Island, p. 97 surprises and defeats the Americans, p. 98. The Americans conclude upon evacuating the island, p. 101. The wretched state of the armies under generals Washington and Gates, p. 104..


LETTER V. P. 107-149.

Some members of congress have a conference with lord Howe, p. 107. General Washington's distressing situation, p. 108. The Americans evacuate New-York, p. 112. A terrible fire at New-York, p. 113. Great animosities in the American army, ibid. Congress adopt a new code for the government of the army, p. 114. General Howe lands on Frog's-Neck, p. 116. The Americans, by the advice of general Lee, evacuate New-York island, p. 117. The battle of the Brunx, or WhitePlains, p. 119. General Howe advances toward King's-bridge, p. 121. General Washington crosses the North-River, p. 123. The royal army takes Fort Washington, p. 124. Fort Lee abandoned by general Greene, p. 126. General Washington retreats to Newark, and through the Jerseys, across the Delaware into Pennsylvania, p. 127. General Lee taken, p. 130. A summary of the captures made by general lowe during the campaign, p. 131, General Lee's letter to the Frenchy minister, p. 132. The Carolinians engage in a successful war with the Cherokees, p. 133. Acts of congress, p. 137. appoint commissioners to the court of France, p. 139-agree upon a scheme of a lottery, p. 142. General Gates fixes upon general Arnold to command the American fleet on Lake Champlain, p. 143. Arnold engages the British fleet and is defeated, p. 145. The wind keeps back Sir Guy Cariton from isproving his victory, p. 146-his humanity to the American prisoners, p. 148.

LETTER VI. P. 150-178.

The infatuation of the enemy saved the Americans when they retreated across the Delaware, p. 150. General Washington


crosses into the Jerseys, defeats a body of Hessians at Trenton, and returns to Pennsylvania, p. 152. Returns to Trenton, p. 154 deceives lord Cornwallis, marches for Princeton; and there attacks the fourth British brigade, p. 156-proceeds to Morristown, while, Cornwallis hastens back to Brunswick with all speed, p. 159. Acts of congress and their instructions to their ministers, p. 163. Their resolves for supporting the credit of their paper emissions, and making the same a lawful tender, p. 163. The enormities of the royal troops in the Jerseys and at New-York, p. 165. The whole country of the Jerseys renderP ed hostile by means of them, p. 166. The American troops guilty of great plundering, p. 168. The American stores at Peek's-kill destroyed by the British, p. 170. The states attempt the regulating of prices, p. 171. The treatment of the American prisoners at New-York, p. 172-the consequences of it, p. 175. The American cruisers make considerable captures, p. 176.


LETTER VII. P. 178-189.

The naval preparations of the house of Bourbon, p. 178. Lord 'John Cavendish's pointed speech against the measures of government, p. 179. The answer of ministry, p. 179. The bill for empowering the crown to secure persons accused or suspected of high treason, or of piracy, meets with opposition, p. 183. John the Painter, alias James Aitkin, p. 184. Mr. Arthur Lee's correspondence with Mr. Beaumarchais, p. 185. The general assembly of the church of Scotland addresses his majesty, p. 189.


LETTER VIII. P. 190-271.

The committee of congress appointed to enquire into the conduct of the enemy, make their report, p. 191. Governor Tryon sent upon an expedition to Danbury, p. 195. Colonel Meigs's expedition to Sagg-harbour, p. 198. General Howe takes the field, but soon returns to Brunswick, p. 199-removes to Amboy, p. 201-advances unexpectedly from Amboy toward general Washington, p. 202-embarks his army from StatenIsland, ibid. General Scuyler supersedes Gates in the command of the northern army, p. 203. General Burgoyne proceeds with the royal troops from Canada to Crown-point, and issues out a singular proclamation, p. 204-invests the American posts, p. 206. General St. Clair concludes upon evacuating Tyconderoga and Mount Independence, ibid-his rear guard attacked by general Frazer, p. 208--he joins Scuyler at Fort Edward, p. 210. The state of Scuyler's army, p. 211. General Prescot surprised and carried off from Rhode-Island by licut. col.


Barton, p. 213. Sir William Howe sails from Sandy-Hook while Washington is greatly perplexed' about his destination, bid-lands his troops at Elk ferry in Maryland, while Wash ington marches with his troops toward the Brandywine, p. 215. Acts of congress; p. 216 Some account of the marquis de la Fayette, p. 218 General Gates elected to command the northern army, and to relieve Scuyler, p. 219. General Sullivan's expedition to Staten-Island; p. 220: The report of the committee of congress respecting the quakers, p. 222: Sir W. Howe attacks the Americans at the Brandywine, and defeats them, p. 224. General Washington having retreated to Philadelphia, quits the city, with a full resolution of passing the Scuylkill and giving Sir William battle, p. 227-re-crosses the Scuylkill, p. 229. General Wayne attacked by general Grey, ibid. Sir William Howe deceives the American commander, crosses the Seuylkill unexpectedly, and enters Philadelphia,. ibid.-Lord Howe conducts the fleet to the Delaware, p. 230. General Washington surprises the British troops at German-town, p. 282. St. Leger invests Fort Stanwix, p. 237-the militia marching to relieve are surprised and beaten, p. 238. Arnold undertakes to relieve it, and succeeds, p. 239. Burgoyne sends a body of Germans to surprise the American stores at Bennington, p. 242-they are defeated by Stark, who commands the New-Hampshire militia, p. 243. Letters between Burgoyne and Gates, p. 245. An accounts of Miss M'Crea's death, ibid. Lincoln sends colonel Brown to lake George to release the American prisoners, and destroy the British stores, p. 247. The Americans under general Gates engage the British under Burgoyne, p. 248. Sir H. Clinton attacks and takes forts Montgomery and Clinton, p. 253. A second engagement between Burgoyne and Gates, p. 255. The distress and calamity of the royal army, p. 258. The funeral of general Frazer, p. 259. The Americans accidentally prevented, when about attacking the royal troops under great disadvantages, p. 261Burgoyne is baffled in his design of gaining Fort Edward, p. 263 -enters upon a treaty with Gates, p. 264-signs the convention, p. 265. Esopus burnt by the troops under Vaughan, p. 268. The convention troops pass through the center of the Americans, as they begin their march to Boston, without meeting with the least insult, p. 269.

LETTER IX. P. 272-304.

Count Donop repulsed in the attack upon Red-bank, p. 272. The American and British force under Washington and Howe, p. 273. Mud-Island, p. 274-reduced p. 276. The Ame

rican army at White Marsh, p. 277-hut at Valley-forge, p. 278 their distress, ibid. Complaints of prisoners being ill used, p. 280. Mr. president Hancock takes leave of congress, p. 282. The confederation, p. 285. Acts of congress, p. 293resolve to recal Mr. Silas Deane, p. 294-resolve respecting a doan from France and Spain, p. 296-respecting the deputy clothier general at Boston, p. 297. The convention troops at Cambridge, and the resolutions of congress for their detention, p. 298. Naval captures, p. 203.

LETTER X. P. 305-328,


A design to remove general Washington from the command of the American army, p. 305. Congress receive a packet of blank papers, p. 308. The distresses of the Americans at Valley-forge, p. 310. Washington's thoughts upon providing halfpay for the officers, ibid. Defects in the American medical department, p. 314. Acts of congress, p. 317. They receive the treaties concluded between the king of France and the United States, p. 320-address the inhabitants of the United States, p. 322. The South-Carolinians new model their temporary form of government, p. 324. The Randolph frigate blown up, p. 325. The Mischianza in honor of Sir W. Howe, p. 327. The marquis de la Fayette, with 2500 men, narrowly escapes being cut off by the British forces, ibid.

[ocr errors]

LETTER XI. P. 328-343

The conduct of the French, p. 329. Upon the news of the Saratoga convention, the American commissioners are received" by the court in their public character, p. 331. Preliminaries of a treaty are delivered to them, p. 332. The London merchants raise money for the relief of the American prisoners, ibid. Ministerial attempts for raising a body of troops by a voluntary supply from the people, p. 333. The treaties between France and the United States are signed, p. 335. Lord North's conciliatory propositions, p. 336. General Gates's letter to the ear! of Thanet, p. 337. The French rescript informing the British court of the treaty between France and the United States, and the same laid before the house of commons, p. 338. The American commissioners have a public audience of the French king, p. 339. Lord Chatham seized with a fainting, while engaged in speaking against the acknowledgment of American independence, p. 340. Count d'Estaing sails from Toulon, p. 341. An act passed for relieving the papists, ibid. Admiraf Keppel sails on a cruise off Ushant, p. 342.


« PreviousContinue »