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The interiors of the churches consist of scarce-, those districts are called German colonies. ly anything more than four whitewashed They are not prosperous. In one of them, walls, with a few barbarously rude images near Rio de Janeiro, a large and handsome and a gaudily colored choir and altar-piece town has been built; but the builders lost at one end. Many of them are absolutely nearly all their investment, and the speculabeggarly. High up in the walls of the nave, tion is said to be a complete failure. The built in the walls, and flush with them, there name of the towit is Petropolis. Ships still are little curtained private pews, which look frequently arrive at Santos full of emigrants exactly like boxes in a theatre. Excepting in destined for a colony about a hundred miles these there are no seats. All the central part beyond São Paulo. This proceeding is conof the nave is devoted to women, and merely ducted by a German speculator, who, under a narrow portion on each side and at the end sanction of the Brazilian Government, conopposite the choir, the west end, is left for tracts to bring over families on condition of men. The division is formed by a small hand- their remaining in bis employment until they rail, often made only of sticks. In the Ca- have earned over and above their livelihood thedral of São Paulo it is so rudely and care a previously stipulated sum-generally about lessly constructed that the bark has not been seventy pounds-with accumulating interest, removed from the sticks.
They are sent up the country on foot, unBefore the commencement of the service, der the strict surveillance of agents of the and during portions of it, the women seat speculator, and it is pitiable in the extreme themselves on the floor. Very often their to see them trudging away in health and spirdresses form a splendid exhibition of rich its and to know the fate that awaits them. colors, and great taste is displayed in their Many years elapse before they can accumuarrangement. On the great saints' days even late the requisite amount, and they thus virthe slaves (the domestic slaves in the towns) tually become the slaves of the speculator. are elegantly dressed in silk gowns and man. They are let out for hire in the same mantles. The elevation of the Host is announced ner as the negroes, and are treated almost in by a discharge of fireworks, and there is the same way, except that they are not scarcely an hour in the day when the air of Alogged. the towns is not burdened with their reports. When they have at last performed their When the divinity has been manufactured, part of the contract age has destroyed their he is invisibly but audibly transmitted to vigor, and bitter experience their capacity heaven on a rocket.
for_enjoyment. With bodies debilitated by I ought not to conclude this letter without long years of labor on wretched diet, and saying something about one subject which I with minds dispirited by their forlorn posihave not yet mentioned. Some years ago a sys- tion, they are left penniless in an alien and tem of German emigration to Brazil was set on unproductive country to eke out the remainfoot. Whether the movement emanated origi- der of their miserable existence as best they nally from Germans or not, I do not know; but may. the Brazilian Government took active measures The speculator employs agents in Germany to promote it, and still gives it considerable to lure them away, and when they reach encouragement. The immigrants have various Brazil they are completely in his power. localities granted to them as settlements, and Yours truly,
A PAPER on the subject of certain Egyptian just appeared from the pen of M. Chabas, and was papuri above four thousand years old will be read announced by us last week. We understand that by M1: Goodwin at the Society of Antiquaries at the results of the decipherment of M. Chabas, one of the meetings next month. These papyri coincide with those obtained by Mr. Goodwin, are stated to contain the autobiography of an who h's been studying the papyri independently. Egyptian adventurer under the earliest king of the twelfth dynasty, a part of a poem, and a long story, of which the incidents are referred to the The name of a poem which the Poet Laureate third dynasty. A work on the same papyri has has ready is “ Enoch, the Fisherman.”
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