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“ 'Tis my misfortune-not my fault, alas - | Small German Bantams talked quite big of battles,
That Mother Nature has made me carnivorous ; And the Geese flapped applause, out of the How gladly, otherwise, I'd go to grass,
shallows. Enjoying peace and herbs with things herbivorous ;
The Lion shifts and snorts and sniffs the air,
Lifting, deliberate, a doubtful face ; “Myself from this ill-odor to relieve,
Then turns him three times round upon his lair, Prove mine the innocence of babes and suck- And slowly settles down in his old place.
lings, Convince men that my food I buy, not thieve, And growls, half-answer, half-interrogation, And ne'er make raid on lambs, pigs, chicks,
» A message from the Eagle, H’m—I know! or ducklings,
Brotherhood, justice, and pacification ?
Don't seem to see it and don't mean to go ! “There's but one way—my brother beasts and birds
“ Eagles may easily win gulls' applause ; Here in a solemn Congress to assemble,
But 'tis my rule 'saying' to test by doing ;' To settle matters not with claws, but words, And prove I'm not a thing at which to tremble. And as I laugh when Doves use beak and claws,
So I distrust when Eagles take to cooing.”.
-Punch. “Why should the British Lion trade and culture
Neglect, to show his fangs at me, his brother?
ÆOLUS IN THE ORCHESTRA. “ Come all and gather here, into my eyrie ;
In his proposal of a congress, the French I charge myself with your accommodation : Emperor observes :Let generous faith replace suspicion wary, And for self-interest try self-abnegation.
66 If I take the initiative in such an over
ture, I do not yield to an impulse of vanity." “ In the wide Kingdoms of earth, air, and sea,
All questions that want settlement let's settle ; “ Taking the initiative in the overture Far froin us let recrimination be,
of course means, in plainer English, that his And vulgar interchange 'twixt pot and kettle.
majesty, in congress, intends to play first “ Heav'n knows I have no private ends behind, fiddle. Supposing he succeeds in getting his
No underhand designs, no projects sinister ; band together, we doubt if those who take a I am a harmless bird,—though much maligned,To the world's brotherhood who'd gladly min- and we rather fear his overture will be sadly
part in it will submit quite to his leadership, ister.
unlike Mendelssohn's “ Calm Sea and Pros“ Come, brethren !”— 80 the Eagle's missive perous Voyage.” Besides playing first fid
spake, And more mellifluous words were never written: his own trumpet ; and if he attempts to play
dle, his majesty inclines rather to blowing It made the Vultures stare, the Turkeys quake, And stirred e’en the slow Lion of Great Bri- both instruments at once, the chances are, tain.
we think, that there will be some little disQuoth Austria's black Vulture, “I don't mind in his command of that wind instrument to
cord. His majesty is somewhat of an Æolus Whose prey's ta’en, so that my preserves which we have referred, and hitherto his
aren't peddled with ;' The Prussian Vulture, too, was well inclined, tone has been so loud and warlike, that we “But, be it understood, our game's not med- can hardly fancy him performing in a quiet dled with.'
overture of peace. We fear that when he Quoth the Russ Bear, “While kindly winter takes the chair at his proposed harmonic freezes,
meeting he will find he has hard work to do And angry Europe calls me o'er the coals, in keeping up the harmony, for some elsDelay's my game: be it as Eagle pleases, Provided he don't perch upon my Poles.”
ment of discord is pretty sure to trouble
him; and if his overture should be unfav);The pip-sick Turkey swelled his scarlet wattles, ably listened to, he would be among the first
And gobbled, “ Timeo Danaos-et Gallos ;" | in kicking up a row.-Punch.
LECTURE BY DR. 0. W. HOLMES.
Report by the Daily Advertiser. of 1663, for the purpose of monopolizing coloON THE WEANING OF AMERICA. nial trade and manufactures and the system
of taxation for the same purpose begun imA GREAT change has evidently taken place mediately after the signing of the Treaty of within the last two or three years in the re- Peace in 1763, and which ended in producing lations of our people and nation to the dynas- the revolt of the North American Colonies. ties of the Old World, especially to the pre- It might have been pleasant to trace the dominant power of England. It will appear, growth of a distinct American intellectual on examination, that this change is the last culture from the time when all our scholars of four distinct stages of separation from the came from Oxford and Cambridge, when Ann mother country, all of which were necessary Dudley—“ The Tenth Muse,” Governor Dudto break up our colonial relations, and make ley's daughter, Governor Bradstreet's wifeus in fact, what we have long been in name, published her little volume of poems in Lona free, independent, self-governing nation. don, to the period when a new aspect of The first stage of separation was simultane- thought and national character came in with ous with the foundation of some of the Colo- our political separation from the mother counnies, being indeed the very reason of their es- try. Bu the clo was inexorable, and it tablishment. It forms the epoch of Religious would be necessary to confine himself to the Independence. The second dates from our hasty examination of the later phases of the existence as a distinct sovereignty, and begins last stage of progressive independent developat the period when the Colonies declared their ment referred to and such lessons as seem natPolitical Independence. The third has no urally to flow from our glances at its history. precise limits in time, and bas never been per
It could not have been expected that the fectly established,-probably never will be, growth of intellectual culture would be faexcept in case of a war with some European vored by the long struggle of the Revolution power, which would throw our country upon
and the poverty and unsettled order of things its own material resources. This is the move
which followed. Art, in the persons of West ment towards Industrial Independence,—the and Copley, fled from the scene of tumult to ability to provide for all our own material the protection of the mother country. Sciwants. The fourth and last stage of sepa- ence forgot her tasks when Franklin went to ration from the parent country is that which France as an Envoy, and Rittenhouse became the past two or three years more especially the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania. Literhave been bringing about. It is the final ature seemed to have no existence, except in einancipation of American opinion from Brit- the inflamed appeals of patriotism and the ish, from Old World mastery, and is marked popular rhymes which embodied the feelings by the rapid growth of our Intellectual Inde- of the time. Our true literature of this pependence.
riod was in truth almost exclusively political. He said that it would be interesting, if the It was to be looked for in the Declaration of time allowed, to show how entirely dependent Independence, the Constitution of the Union in all but religion the colonists continued for and the several States ; in the Messages and a long period. It would be easy to show that Farewell Address of Washington; in the Estheir loyalty remained unimpaired, nay, ar- says and Debates agitating the great practident and unquestioned nearly up to the time cal questions of government. These were of the Revolution, when it underwent so rapid what we had to show our British critics, and a change that, in the words of a contemporary we had no right to expect them to understand writer, “In the short space of two years such a literature. nearly three millions of people passed over Dr. Holmes went on to show that the true from the love and duty of loyal subjects to intellectual character of the Revolutionary the hatred and resentment of enemies." It period was to be looked for in political writwould not be uninstructive to review the ings almost exclusively. American scholarcourse of English legislation with reference ship was European in spirit and imitative in to the commercial and industrial interests of form. British criticism aimed to keep up the the Colonies, taking as fixed points two move- provincial character of colonial authorship as ments made precisely two hundred years ago, it had formerly done with regard to industry respectively, namely, the act of Parliament and commerce. After showing that Irving
was hardly American enough for England, solis and the neighboring university, the coland that Cooper was too American, he went lege-boys who had welcomed him as a fellowon to say that Prescott was really the first student were reddening the trampled soil of writer who broke the tyranny of British crit- Virginia and staining the turbid waters of icism. His nationality was as unquestiona- the Potomac with their pure and generous ble as that of Bunker Hill, but his subjects blood. Instead of the anthems and shouts of involved no angry debate ; his style was pure welcome of the last year's bright October, we enough for Oxford and Cambridge ; his schol- had the hoarse rumors, the blasting telegraph arship was genuine and not ostentatious, and messages that told us of our individual share his personal history was of special interest in the miserable disaster of Ball's Bluff, where from the infirmity which he shared, though all was lost excepting honor. At that dark in a less degree, with Homer and Milton, period of our history we had been cheated by with Huber and Thierry. With Prescott conspirators, we had been robbed by traitors, began the true era of our literary indepen- we had been attacked and discomfited by dence, which has been kept up by a succes- rebels. Taken at a disadvantage by a great sion of men and women of unquestioned gen- host of organized desperadoes, whose first plot ius, on whose merits Europe, and not the involved the assassination of the man whom British Quarterlies alone, re-affirmed the the whole nation had solemnly elected as its judgment already passed by our own nation. chief magistrate ; struck and stunned before
The literary intercourse between the two it could rise and defend itself, according to countries went on with increasing cordiality. the memorable precedent of that earlier act of English and American authors introduced treacherous violence,-for Preston S. Brooks each other to their several publics, and fra- was the John the Baptist of a revelation which ternized in a way hitherto unknown. But claims Alexander H. Stephens as its Messiah, the Old World still kept the upper hand with the nation reeled in its seat, blinded, bewilthe Colonies. The brass-kettle thunder of the dered, ready to fall, as it seemed, if some London Times sounded in our ears as if it friendly arm were not extended as a support came from Olympus. The flashing epigrams until the blood had time to rally at the heart of Macaulay seemed to carry a judicial au- and the sudden faintness should have passed thority even when they struck at the good away. name of the New England Puritan or the Then was England's hour. Never, never, Pennsylvania Quaker. The savage utterances though she wait until the name she bears is of Carlyde had for us an oracular solemnity, obsolete on the map of Europe, and her pres even when they insulted the common feelings ent golden civilization is buried with that of of humanity.
the ages of iron and bronze and stone, will The entente cordiale was at its height when that hour come again. A cup of cold water the Prince of Wales made his visit among us. was all we asked for in the dread extreme of It is pleasing to recall the simple enthusiasm our national agony. She filled a sponge with of the welcome he received. There are sen- vinegar mingled with gall, and held it out to timents in nations as in individuals, and this us upon the end of her spear. It was not so family meeting after so protracted a political much anger as deep sorrow that filled the estrangement seemed like the kiss of a brother souls of those Americans who had loved her and sister, long alienated, at last fully recon- best. They had overrated the civilization of ciled. We did all we could to please the the mother country—that was all. They had slight boy who was our guest. Our harm- believed in her Christian sincerity-nothing less infantry, whose ranks had never fired more. They knew that however right and anything worse than powder from their mus- wrong might be confused on lesser points, two kets, deployed before him in all their splen- things were perfectly clear. One was that a dor. Our civic cavalry, clattering their friendly Government, not even pretended to bloodless sabres and wincing in their galling have violated its Constitution or laws, was saddles, amazed him with their imposing evo- defending its property and its life against a lutions. Our maidens smiled for him, our series of unprovoked assaults. The other was poets sang for him, our mayors made speeches that the assailants bad as their avowed object and our aldermen ran up bills in his honor. the establishment of a new power,
upon A year from the very week of the Prince slavery as its corner-stone. of Wales's visit to our New England metrop- After considering the change of sentiments and intellectual relations between the two pathetic, homogeneous nationality. We are countries, Dr. Holines went on to draw not all alike, and never shall be. It is easy some practical results as to our own duties. to make our local differences the subjects of
We The first thought which he would urge was
perpetual irritation and ill-temper.
should not wish to kill the sentiments which hardly, perhaps, what might have been antic- make a man proud or fond of his native town, ipated from the length at which he had dwelt or State, or section, but is it not as true now upon the hard treatment we had a right to as when the Father of his country said it: complain of. It is not revenge that we are “ The name of American, which belongs to to cherish. It is not by war that we are to you in your national capacity, must always seek to convert the Old World to our theories exalt the just pride of patriotism more thăn and practice in government. Let us not, any appellation derived from local discriminatherefore, waste our strength in threats of each other in a few months as ages of peace
tions "? War has made us acquainted with vengeance against those misguided govern- could not have done. In the cold bivouac ments who mistook their true interest in the the soldier from the hills of New England has prospect of our calamity. We can conquer shared his blanket with the son of the Westthem by peace better than by war. When ern prairies; side by side the Twentieth the Union emerges from the battle-smoke, her Massachusetts and the Seventh Michigan, crest towering over the ruins of traitorous
and many a pair like them, have stcod in the cities and the wrecks of rebel armies, her eye mingled in the dust of the battle-field it has
deadly front of battle, and as their blood flashing defiance to all her evil wishers, her set the broad red seal on the American Union breast heaving under its corselet of iron, her which shall make it binding forever, in spite arm wielding the mightiest enginery that of the devil's lawyers and the perjured traiwas ever forged into the thunderbolts of war, tors they have suborned ! her triumph will be grand enough without
The Union has been a rock resting on so her setting fire to the stubble with which the broad a base that it seemed as if the world
could not stir it from its position. The probfolly of the Old World has girt its thrones.
lem of its enemies has been to undermine it, Who can doubt that she will fulfil her skilfully at first, violently by and by, so that magnificent destiny? We may or may not it should come at last to rest upon a narrow live to see the subsidence of the long ground-edge,—its mighty weight equally distributed swell that must follow so terrible a storm as on either side of the support upon which it that through which we are passing. But the was balanced. Thus it would become the coming generation will spring from the loins rocking-stone which every baby-prince could of heroes, and none will love
set swinging with the pressure of his little and freepeace
hand, and the mountain mass which defied dom 80 well as those who remember what it the united forces of earth's oppressors be decost their fathers and their mothers.
graded into the toy of idle despots. So, they The cares and trials of peace will succeed said, shall the land of Washington share the the demands and sufferings of war. We must fate of the miserable realm of Montezuma, begin betimes to educate our children to a where Liberty lies ostrate for the moment deep sense and thorough knowledge of their at the foot of the Sierra Madre, waiting till political duties; we must teach them that fires and the earthquake delivers the land from
its silent volcanoes rekindle their slumbering it is a part of the moral code of every true its second Cortez and his legions ! American to take his share in the government We must disappoint our enemies—we will of his country. It is not a little knowledge disappoint them! Our triumphant civilizaspread thinly over a great slice of the conti- tion will engulf and bury over its barbarisms, nent—like boarding-house bread and butter we may hope and believe, as rapidly as those -that is to content us. We have done well, of the haughty mountain clansmen of Scotso far, by the common mind—now let us try land were swallowed up in the last century. for the maximum developments in every form The first word of our State motto is the of tters, science, and arts, by encouraging Sword, but the two last are Liberty and in all practicable ways the talent and genius Peace. which are born among us, and welcoming He closed his lecture by repeating some whatever the Old World may send us. lines written many years ago, before the ter
One more lesson, the last which he should rible experience of War had given point to commend to their thought, was nobler, holier the lesson he then attempted to enforce. than all the rest. The little mean provincial The many admirable points in the lecture rivalries and jealousies between different sec- were fully appreciated by the audience, who tions of the loyal Union, he said, must give frequently manifested their pleasure in bursts piace to a complete, absolute, generous, sym- 'of applause.
From The Spectator. Such, at least, is too often in substanco the QUEENS OF SONG.*
melancholy tale of the pages before us. WithUnder the above somewhat fanciful title, in the limits of the present generation many the authoress of the volumes before us has things have changed, and lessened the dangiven to the public the results of much re- gers as well as the excessive brilliancy of the search in a neglected but highly interesting prima donna's dominion. Professional culfield of biography, judiciously compiled, and tivation is increasing in extent, at least pari enhanced in value by considerable brilliancy passu, with popular taste in music. The of style. She has laid down a definite and tendency of modern opera is not in favor of well-marked plan, and carried it out with undue exaltation of one brilliant star to the singular felicity in detail as well as compre- exclusion of all others; and there seems hensiveness in design. Her work, though slight probability of again witnessing a muconfined to a strictly limited subject, appeals sical furore such as were matters of comnot exclusively to the musical public, or even mon occurrence up to a recent date. In proto the larger class who take an interest in portion as this tendency is developed, the musical gossip and tradition, but to the gen- position of the “queen of song” of the day eral reader in the widest sense of the term. is relatively lowered, and we may hope in The operatic prima donna forms a class abso- the future to find brilliant gifts of nature lutely unique in special character as well as less frequently associated with wild and rospecial genius. There is nothing in the least mantic careers ending in misery and obscuanalogous in any other art or profession, and rity. if the “queen of song” rises apparently Out of the large number of female vocalwithout an effort, often in a single bound, ists who have flourished since the establishto the utmost height of fame, fortune, and ment of the lyric drama, thirty-eight reprerank, there are inherent dangers and draw- sentatives have been chosen by the authoress, backs in her career which a study of the class and, on the whole, the selection has been shows that she but too rarely escapes. Ris- admirably made. Without losing sight of ing, as a general rule, from the humbler her main object, the illustration of as many ranks of society, after a childhood of severe different types of the same class as possible, training, with vanity stimulated on one hand she has contrived in reality to weave the by the admiration of friends, and on the separate biographical sketches into what other by the criticism of rivals, she suddenly amounts very nearly to a history of the finds herself in the receipt of enormous sums, opera.
Personal anecdote, of course, precourted by the highest, and talked of by all. vails, but it is always cleverly associated With an almost unvarying fatality, she is with a substratum of interesting operatic dazzled by her success, her vanity develops events. The second volume is, principally into the wildest caprice, and often profusely occupied with great singers, either still alive, generous, she always becomes extravagant to or whose lives are still in the memory of the the last degree; with suitors of the highest present generation. We cannot, therefore, classes, and yet constantly brought in contact employ our limited space better than by as with all the strange characters who crowd the briefly as possible running through one or outskirts of operatic life, she rarely contracts two of the eighteen eventful lives which are a marriage in which disparity of rank, or contained in the first volume. her own caprice in one case, or the brutality The first English vocalist who may fairly or avarice of her husband in the other, does be called a “ queen of song” was Katherine not prove a fatal bar to happiness. Seldom, Tofts, a lady who first attained celebrity in too, does good judgment attend her brilliant Arsinoe, a strange medley of scraps of Italtalents, and rarely retiring from the scene ian operas strung together by Clayton in in the full tide of popularity and fortune, 1703. The fashion thus set was followed her career of brilliant success is too often for some years, and so crude was the English closed amidst the bitter mortification of find- notion of opera in those days that in Camilla, ing her failing powers unable to prevent all the most successful piece of the day, Mrs. her empire passing away. to a younger rival. Tofts sang in English, while her great rival,
*“The Queens of Song." By Ellen Creathorne Margerita de l'Epine, and others, sang in Clayton. London: Smith, Elder, and Co. Italian. The latter was a Tuscan, tall, ugly,