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MAINE.
Oxford, William Gile.

OHIO.
Portland, Shirley & Hyde.
Ithaca, Jededıah Beebee.

Columbus, James Hoge.
Homer, Jesse Searle.

С
Bangor, Cyril Pearl.

au, George T. Williamson Bristol, Aaron Blaney. Fishkill, James Given.

Ellsworth, L. W. Leffingwell.
Vassalborough, Theodore S. Brown.
Waterford, Elijah H. Kinsball.

Marietta, L. G. Bingham.
Lubec, Moses Fuller.
Napoli, Win, J. Wilcox

Salem, Luther Humphrey
Bloomfield, Joseph Locke.

NEW-JERSEY.

Morgan, J. B. Hawley. Whitefield, David Crowell.

Priaceton, Wilia. U. Wuite. Vernon, Harvey Coe. Ellsworth, Joseph A. Wood. Bloomfield, Bethuel Ward, Jr.

INDIANA. West Jefferson, F. Shepherd. Newark, John C. Nutinan.

Salem, Burr Bradley. South Berwick, Charles E. Norton. New-Brunswick John Liddell.

Indianapolis, George Bush. Belfast, Noyes P. Hawes.

PENNSYLVANIA.

Barbersville, Timothy Barber.
NEW-HAMPSHIRE. Philadelplua, B. Wells, 17 Franklin-

ILLINOIS.
Keene, Abijat Kingsbury.

Place.

Greenville, Sotunion fiardy.
Concord, Johu West.
Huntingdon, I. Dorland.

Canton, Nathan Jones.
Portsmouth, Nathaniel March. Meadville, D. Andrews.

Vandalja, James Hall.
VERMONT.
Pittsburgh, Robert Patterson.

Jacksouville, J. M. Ellis.
Middlebury, E. Brewster.

Harrisburgh, William Graydon. Paris, M. R. Alexander.
Rutland, Charles Walker,
Braintrin, M. W. Northup.

Quincy, H. H. Snow.
Sharon, Chester Baxter.
Wilkesbarre, 0. Collins.

KENTUCKY,
Bennington, Stephen Hinsdale.
Bethany, Jason Torrey.

Munfordville, J. T. S. Brown.
A'exandria, John Porier.
Bratieboro', Holbrook & Fessenden. Landisburg, Francis Kelly.

Danville, Benjamin Shaw.
Burl ngton, C. Goodrich.
Lisburn, Williain Lloyd.

Henderson, James Hillyer.
Springfield, Nomlas Zobb.
Carlisle, Jam - Laudo , Jr.

Shelbyville, A. A. Shannon.
Norwich, C. Partridge.

Frankfort, S. M. Noel.
DELAWARE.

Hopkinsville, John Bryan.
MASSACHUSETTS. Wilmington, Robert'inter.

Harrodsburg, Thomas Cleland. Bostoa, A. Russel, 25 Coruhill.

MARYLAND.

Augusta, Samuel Bonde. Salem, Wnipple & Lawrence.

Columbia, Milton P. Wheat.
Newburyport, Charles Whipple.

Baltimore, John H. Nafl.
Vienna, Uriah Medford.

Springfield, R. D. Bradbum.
Springfield, Solomon Warriner.

Hagarstown, Northampton, Simeon Butler & Son.

Howard Kennedy.

Lexington, Joseph Ficklin.

TENNESSEE. Amherst, J. S. & C. Adams.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Greenfield, A. Phelps.

Knoxville, James Campbell.
Washington, Reuben Post.
Pittsfield, Joshua Danforth.

Winchester, Adam Ochmig.
Alexandria, Reuel Keith.
Plymouth, Ezra Collier.

Nashville, R. P. Hayes.
Andover, Jason Chapin.

VIRGINIA.

Jonesboro', O. B. Ross.
Wrentham, Robert Blake.
Richmond, Collins & Co.

Murfreesboro', D. Wendell.
Worcester, James Wilson.

Petersburg, A. G. Millvaine. Columbia, Joshua B. Frierson. Berkley, Arahel Hathaway.

Norfolk, Shepard K. Kollock. Shelbyville, Alexander Newton.
Stockbridge, Oliver Partridge.
Romney, John Jack.

Lebanon, A. Bradshaw.
Roanoke P.ridge, J. W. Douglass.

Hillsboro,' G. W. Richardson
CONNECTICUT.

Powhatap C. H. Thomas Scotl. Farmington, S. W. Calvert.
New Haven, Nathan Whiting, Lynchburg, William Poe.

ALABAMA.
Hartford, Goodwin & Co.
Charlotte C. H. John Morton.

Huntsville, William Leuch.
Middletown, E. G. Southmayd Winchester, Samuel H. Davis.

Somerville, M. C. Houston, Brooklyn, I'mbrose Edson.

Prince Edward

C. H., A. W. Venable. Bainbridge, Henry M. Lewis.
Woodstock. Ceorge Bowen.
Otier Bridge, W. L. Bell.

Florence, J. H. Weakly.
New London, E. Chesebrough.
Rappahangock Acad., B. Anderson.

Courtland, John White.
Norwich, John Hyde.
Fredericksburg, Layton Y. Atkins.

Shelby C. H., Thomas W. Smith. Stoniugton, Giles R. Hallam.

Lexington, John G. Caruthers. Ashville, Archibald Sloan. Greenwich, Esbon Husted.

St. Stephens, R. Chamberlain.

NORTH CAROLINA.
me, O. J. Lay.
Newbern, Thomas Watson.

Clinton, John A. Stebbins.
RHODE-ISLAND.

Decatur, H. M. Rhodes.
Wilmington, W. D. Cairns.
East Givenwich, John Brown.
Lincolnton, David Reinhardt.

MISSOURI.
Providence, Alexander Jones,
Halifax, Sidney Weller.

St. Louis, Hiram Cordell.
NEW-YORK.
Milton, Malbon Kenyon.

Fredericklown, Thos. Mosely. Albany, George J. Loomis.

SOUTH CAROLINA.

MISSISSIPPI.
Kinderhook, Henry L. Van Dyck.

Natchez, John Henderson.
Charleston, John Dickson.
Onondaga C. H. Hezekiah Strong. Camden, Thomas M.Millan.

Pinckneyville, James Wilson. Auburn Seminary, Isaac Pliss.

Winchester, Dugald C. Shaw Beaufort, David Turner. Utica, Charles Hastings Edgefield, A. B. M‘Whorter.

Malcomb, M. Gilchrist. Mount Pleasant, J. Dickerson.

McCall's Creek, James Calcote Conwayboro', Henry Durant. East Ridge, Willam Stone. Lexington C. H., J. Meelze.

LOUISIANA
Newburgh, J. B. Benjamin.

Sumpte ville, Cdes (hester. Baton Rouge, H. Alexander.
Rochester, Louis Chapin.
De Ruyter, Sylvester Aylesworth.

New-Orleans, William Ross.

GEORGIA.
Geneva, James Bogert.
Savannah, J. C. A. Johnston.'

FLORIDA
Lansingburgh, Elias Parmale, Augusta, Andrew J. Miller.

Pensacola, W. Hazell Huh...
Catskill, Joseph Penfield.
Riceborough, David Stelson.

ARKANSAW, 7 Union College, A. P. Cummings. Wrightsborough, Joseph Barnes Washington, Alex. M Oakly. Venice, Sherman Beardsley.

Hilsboro,' Oliver Morse Youngstown, A. G. Hinman.

CHOCTAW NATION
Mount Zion, Joel Kelsey.
Troy, William Pierce.

David Folsom.
Powelton, J. H. Burnet.
Syracuse, Pliny Dickinson.
Clarkesville, Thomas J. Rusk.

CANADA
Poughkeepsie, Sabin Lewis. Athens, Leander A. Erwin.

Montreal, William Hedge. Sag Harbour, Henry T. Dering. Carmel, Isaac Proctor.

SOUTH AMERICA. Buffalo, Sylvester Eaton.

Milledgeville, I.eonard Perkins. Buenos Avres, Theoph. Parvia

.XXXVII. PRESIDENT WAYLAND.

Terms, see 3d page.

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GO, AND QUICKEN THE FLIGHT OF THE ANGEL, WHO HAS THE EVERLASTING GOSPEL TO PREACH UNTO THE NATIONS."-Ser. I. N. Pr.

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POSTAGE.-One Cent and a half, not over 100 miles :

Two Cents and a half, any distance over 100.

NEW-YORK : PRINTED BY J. & J. HARPER, 82 CLIFF-STREET.

1830,

[ONE SHEET.

CONTRIBUTORS.

Upward of fifty Clergymen, of five Christian denominations and belonging to sixteen different States, most of whom are well known to the public as Authors, have furnished, or encouraged the Editor to expect from them, Scrinons for this Work; among whom are the following:

Rev. Dr. Richards, Professor in the Theological Seminary at Auburn; Rev. Dr. Proudfit

. Salem, and Rev. Mr. Beman, Troy; Rev. Drs. Mason, Milnor, Matheus, Spring, and De Wilt, New York City; Rev. Dr. M. Dowell, Elizabethtown, N.J.; Rev. Drs. Alcaronder and Miller. Professors in Princeton Theological Seminary; Rev. Professor Ctelland. Rutgers College, NewJersey; Rev. Drs. Green and Skinner, and Rev. Mr. Bedell, Philadelphia ; Rev. Dr. Taylor, Professor in New Haven Theological Seminary ; Rev. Dr. Filch, Professor of Divinity, Yale College ; Rev. Asahel Neuleton, Killing. worth, Con. ; Rev. Dr. Wayland, President of Brown University; Rt. Rev. Bp. Griswold, Bristol, R. I. ; Rev. Dr. Griffin, President of Williams College ; Rev. Dr. Humphrey, President of Amherst College, Ms.; Rev. Dr. Beecher, Boston ; Rev. Professors, Porier, Woods, and Stuart

, of_Andover Theological, Seminary; Rev. Dr. Woodbridge, Hadley; Rev. Dr. Fisk, Principal of the Wesleyan Seminnry, Wilbraham, Ms. ; Rev. Daniel A. Clark, Benning. ton, Vt. ; Rev. Dr. Bates, President of Middlebury College; Rev. Dr Mattheus, Shepherdstown, and Rev. Dr. Rice. Prince Edward, Va.; Rev. Dr. Tyler, and Rev. Dr. Payson, Portland, Me.; Rev. Dr. Lord, President of Dart miouth College; Rev. Dr. Church, Pelham, N. H.; Rev. Dr. Leland, Charles ton, S. C.; Rev. Dr. Coffin, President of E. Tennessee College ; Rev. Prof Halsey, Western Theo. Seminary.

BACK VOLUMES.

A few sets of back Volumes still remain on hand, which wil be furnished at the common price charged to single subscribers with the addition of the cost of binding. 144 Nassar-st. N. Y.

THE

No. 3.

NEW-YORK, AUGUST, 1830.

VOL. V.

SERMON LXXXVII.

Preached in Philadelphia, May 25, 1830, at the request of the American Sunday School Union.

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BY FRANCIS WAYLAND, D.D

President of Brown University

ENCOURAGEMENTS TO RELIGIOUS EFFORT.

MATTAEW iv. 10.--Thy kingdom come.

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The cause of Sabbath Schools, at the present day, and before such an audience as this, needs no advocate. If there be a God, a heaven, and a hell ; if man be immortal and capable of religion, and if his present existence be probationary ; if he be a sinner, and if there be but one way of salvation ; and if moral cultivation may be most successfully bestowed in childhood and youth; then, gurely, the importance of inculcating upon the young the principles of the Gospel, may be taken for granted. Supposing, then, these truths to be admitted, we shall on this occasion invite your attention to an illustration of some of the encouragements, which the present state of society offers, to an effort for the universal diffusion of Christianity.

It is the general misfortune of man, to be wise a century too late. We look back with astonishment upon those means for guiding the destinies of our race, which preceding generations have enjoyed ; and we see how, in the possession of our present knowledge, we might then have lived gloriously. We forget that no man lives to purpose, who does not live for posterity. Should I then be so happy as to direct your views only for a few years forward ; should the Spirit of all wisdom teach each one of us the responsibility which rests upon the men of the passing generation ; we shall, through eternity, bless God, that he has permitted us to assemble, at this time, to deliberate upon the interests of the Redeemer's kingdom.

It will be convenient to my purpose, to commence this discussion by a brief allusion to the nature of the Reformation by Luther. You have all been accustomed to consider this as by far the most interesting portion of the history of man, since the time of the Apostles. In many respects it is so. Its results, although daily multiplying, are already incalculable. The fabric of ancient society began then to crumble, and a more beauteous edifice to arise from amid its ruins. Beside this, there is much of the moral picturesque with which every view is crowded. An imaginative man kindles into enthusiasm at the recital of every transaction. The leaders, on both sides, were men of

Vol. V.-No. 3

consummate ability and of revolutionary energy. The fiercest passions of the human heart, in an age almost ignorant of law, stimulated them to contention unto death. Hence the whole period presents an almost unbroken succession of battles and sieges ; of foreign war and intestine commotion ; of brutal persecution, and of dignified endurance : and all this is rendered yet more impressive by the frequent vision of racks and dungeons, of torture and exile ; of the assassin's dagger, and the martyr's stake. It need not then seem surprising, if this strong appeal to the imagination somewhat bewilder the reason, and if the impressive circumstances attendant upon the change, too much divert our attention from the nature of the change itself. These violent commotions, like friction in machinery, rather disclose the nature of the materials and the amount of the resistance, than the direction of the force, or the celerity of the movement.

But let us now, for a moment, draw aside these attending circumstances, and in what light does the Reformation present itself to our view ? Simply as a period in which the creation of new forces changed the relation which had previously existed between the elements of society. A new and most powerful order of men arose suddenly into being; and institutions, cemented by the lapse of ages, required no inconsiderable modification to meet the unexpected exigency. In the midst of all this, a new and moral impulse was communicated to society, by which these changes were rendered beneficial to man, and the blessings which they conferred were perpetuated to the present generation.

To illustrate this very briefly—You may be aware that at about the period of the Reformation, great changes were wrought in the physical condition of man. The discovery of America, and of a passage to India by the Cape of Good Hope, and of the use of the mariner's compass, opened exhaustless fountains of wealth to commerce and manufactures. Labor became, of course, vastly more valuable, and artisans became possessed of the means of independence. Hence a new order of men, a middling class, was created. Power, and wealth, and education were placed within the reach of a vastly greater number. The moral centre of gravity settled towards the base of the social cone. The rod of feudal vassalage was broken, and men were first acknowledged to possess rights which they did not derive from hereditary succession.

Beside this, the invention of the printing press furnished, at the same time, new means of intellectual culture. This astonishing instrument increases indefinitely the power of thought. It transfers the sceptre of empire from matter to mind. It enables genius to multiply, to any extent, the copies of its own conceptions. Ilence the facilities for intellectual cultivation were abundantly bestowed upon this new order of men, to which commerce and manufactures had given birth.

But above all, it pleased God to raise up, in the persons of the reformers, men of a character equal to the crisis. They were men who counted not their lives dear unto them when a moral change was to be effected. In despite of every thing appalling in the form of opposition, they studied, they argued, they preached, they wrote. they translated, they printed, they employed for

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