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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly accurate in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other copy in print—that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of the differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme care. The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they differ, and will be found both interesting and convenient the whole chapter possessing special value to large classes of persons.

In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has been: first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceedings, in the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain the position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning whích there may be differences of opinion-some thinking that too much detail on one subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, governed. As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or corresponding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamations as were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactment or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misconceptions.

Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all the Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the President; the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Secretaries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmaster General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; those of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; the Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein—the whole forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopted, and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer.

The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Official Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, for comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time generally co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman.

Under “Our Foreign Relations” will be found much of permanent value, as well as of current interest and dispute.

The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion" contains several very interesting documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal of 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upon a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the period of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts of treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against humanity.

The lists of the organization of the Rebel “ Provisional ” and “Permanent" Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as Dearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.

This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and com

. mission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.

EDWARD MCPHERSON. August 11, 1864.



I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. The Appendix has expanded greatly beyond the original design. Much of the matter in it is quite inaccessible, and the delays and uncertainties of procuring it led almost insensibly to an enlargement, and also somewhat disturbed the methodical arrangement elsewhere preserved. The historic papers of the South Carolina Convention, as now printed, are from official copies, and differ very suggestively from current versioos, in numerous material points. The votes on Secession Ordinances, and subsequently on the Extinction of Slavery, in several of the rebellious States, form a pleasing contrast.

The copious chapter on “The Church and the Rebellion " has been gathered with great care, and will serve to show their mutual relations and influence, as well as the singularly diverse views which have prevailed in Church courts. The contributions from the Bureau of Military Justice illustrate the practical working of the Emancipation policy, and will amply justify attention. To the action of the last session of Congress, and the record of the Presidential canvass which preceded it-of the result of which an official tabular statement is furnished-every student of American politics will have constant occasion to refer. On the great unsettled question of Reconstruction, the full record is presented.

It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not to express my thanks for the kind reception given the first by the Press and the Public. March 24, 1865.







PRESIDENT, IN 1860..........

1 Continued.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SECESSION MOVEMENT 2 tilities against the United States, and Why-

The “ War Power" called out-Call for 76,000
Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor

Men, and all subsequent Calls arranged in
gia, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama,

Chronological Order-National Legislation on
Arkansas, Texas, North Carolina, Tennesece,

Military Affairs—"Confederate" Legislation
Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri-Insurrec-

and Proclamations and Orders—The Thirty-
tionary Proceedings in the State of Maryland

Seventh Congress-President's Message of July,
-Inter-State Commissioners-Organization of

1861, December, 1861, and December, 1862—The
& " Southern Congress," and Provisional Gov-

Thirty-Eighth Congress--Annual Message, 1863
eroment- Address of South Carolina to the

-Amnesty Proclamation, and Circular of the
Slaveholding States, her Declaration of Inde-

Attorney General--Proclamations concerning
pendence, and Debates on them--Speech of

tho Blockade, Non-Intercourse with States in Re
Alexander H. Stephens before the Georgia Legis-

bellion, and declaring Boundaries of the Re-

lature, Nov. 14, 1860—Extracts from Addresses


by A. H. Stephens, July, 1859, and Jan., 1861;

James H. Hammond, October, 1858; and R. M.

THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE................... 150

T. Hunter, 1860-Extract from the Appeal for

The Seward-Lyons Treaty-Vote in the Senate

Recognition, by Yancey, Rost, and Mann, and

upon bill to give it effect--Action of the “Con-

Earl Russell's Reply-Seizure and Surrender of

federate" Congress on Slave Trade Jefferson

Public Property,from November 4, 1860, to March

Davis's Veto thereof-Intercepted Despatch

4, 1861–Changes in President Buchanan's Cab-

from Judah P. Benjamin to L. Q. C. Lamar,

inet-Correspondence between President Buch-

anan and the South Carolina “Commission- ARREST OF CITIZENS, THE WRIT OF HABEAS

ers"-Demand for Surrender of Fort Sumter- CORPUS, AND SUPPRESSION OF News-

Report on the Transfer of Arms to the South



in 1859 and 1860-Davis's Bill for the Sale of
Government Arms to the States-How the Tel-

Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature
egraph aided Secession-Intrigues for a Pacific

and of the Baltimore Police Commissioners,
Republic-Mayor Wood's Message Recommend-

Orders of Gen. McClellan and Secretary Came-
ing that New York be made a Free City—“Per-

ron-John Merryman's Case and Chief Justice
SOB:al Liberty” Laws.

Taney's Opinion-Attorney General Bates's


Opinion on the President's Power to Arrest and

to Suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas


Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus

BECTIONARY States...........................


Parsons-Case of C. L. Vallandigham; Decision

of the Supreme Court therein; his Letter on

Names of the Senators and Representatives of

RetalMtion; his return to Ohio, and Speech at

the Thirty-Sixth Congress, Second Session-

Hamilton-Proclamation of the President Sus.

Presideut Buchanan's Last Annual Message

pending the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas

Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers

Corpus-Indemnification of the President-De-
of the President- The House Committee of

cision of the New York Supreme Court in the
Thirty-Three and their Proposition for Adjust-

Case of George W. Jones vs. W. H. Seward-
ment, together with abstracts of all other propo-

“ Confederate Legislation upon the suspension
sitions, and votes thereon-Votes on Resolutions

of the Writ-Suppressions and Seizures of News
respecting the "Personal Liberty" Laws, the

papers, with the Proceedings of the Courts,
Union, Major Anderson's Course, Coercion, Non-

Congress, and the Post Office Department.

Interference with Slavery, and on the Bill to

Suppress Insurrection, and to provide for the


Collection of Customs-Report of Committee

The Confiscation Bills, and Amendatory Joint
upon the Danger of the Capital, and Vote upon

Resolution, and Special Message thereon-
Branch's Resolution to withdraw Troops from

Emancipation in the Thirty-Seventh Congress-
the District of Columbia, with Secretary Holt's

Proposed Repeal of the Joint Resolution afore-
Report-Disposition of the Navy, and vote of

said-Sequestration in the Rebel Stateg Judi-
Censure upon Secretary Toucey-Propositions

cial and Military Proceedings under the Coufis-
in Congress by Mason, Hunter, Clingman, Craige,

cation Law-Proclamation thereon-President's
and othersSettlement of the Question of Slam

Message, March, 1862, recommending Compen-
Fery in the Teritories.

sated Emancipation-Congressional Proceedings



thereon--Interview of Border State Congress-

men with the President-Emancipation in

Constitution of the United States-Points of

the District of Columbia-The President's Ap-
Difference between It and the “Confederate"

peal to the Border State Congressmen, and their
Constitution, with an Index to both-Speech of

Reply-Extract from the President's Annual
Alexander II. Stephens, expounding the “Con-

Message, December, 1862—Emancipation in
federate" Constitution.

Maryland and Proceedings of the Constitutional

Convention thereof-Emancipation Proclama-

tions-Votes thereon and Resolutions con-
President Lincoln's Inaugural Address Secre-

cerning them-Interview between the Chicago
tary Seward and the “Confederate Commis-

Deputation and the President-Address of the

sioners," with Statements

of Judge Campbell

Loyal Governors-Mr. Boutwell's Statement

and Thurlow Weed— The President's Reply to

concerning the Issue of the Proclamation-Lot
the Virginia Delegation-Commencement of hos

ters of Charles Sumner and Owen Lovejoy.





Votes on the Passage of the Acts of 1793 and

Response to a Serenade, July, 1863-Speech at
1850-Repeuling Movements in the Thirty-

the Philadelphia Fair, June 10, 1864-Letters to
Second, Thirty-Third, Thirty-Seventh, and

Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven-
Thirty-Eighth Congresses-Census Report rela-

tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
ting to the Escape of Fugitive Slaves from 1850

to the Grant Meeting in New York, June, 1864.
to 1860—The New Article of War-Employment OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS.........

of Slaves in Government Dock-Yards, &c.-Re-
cognition of Hayti and Liberia-Robert Small-

The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen.
Proposed Removal of the Disqualification of

tral and South America-- Alleged Foreign En-
Color in Carrying the Mails-Negro Suffrage in

listments-Foreign Mediation, being Letters
the District of Columbia and Montana Territory

from Secretary Seward to Governor Hicks and
- Exclusion of Colored Persons from Rail-cars-

M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Colored Persons as Witnesses-Repeal of Laws

Earl Russell, with his views on those of Now
regulating the Coastwise Slave Trade-Orders

York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
and Letters concerning “ Contrabands," by

The French in Mexico-Congressional Action
'Gens. McClellan and Butler, and Secretary

thereon-The Arguelles Case.
Cameron-Fremont's Proclamation of Eman-


...... 356
cipation, and Correspondence with the President
thereupon-“Contrabands” in the District of

Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
Columbia-Gen. Burnside's Proclamation in

ber, 1500, to June 30, 1864-Special War Income
North Carolina-Orders and Proclamations by

Tax, and Votes thereon-The "Legal Tender"
Gens. Halleck, Buell, Ilooker, McDowell, Double-

Question--Loan Bill of 186+National Currency
day and others-General Instructions by the

Acts-Internal Revenue Acts-Proposed Tax
President concerning “Contrabands” --Gens.

on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1861_Taxes
Phelps and Butler on Arming Negroes-Pro-

in Insurrectionary Districts—The Public Credit
posed Congressional Censure of Gen. Halleck's

in 1860 and 1861--Statements of Public Debt
Order No. 3—Prohibition of Slavery in the Ter-

from June 30, 1860, to June 30, 1864—“Confed-
ritories-Amendments to the Constitution, pro-

erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and
posed in the Thirty-Eighth Congress, First Ses-

Tithing Acts.
sion-Resolutions on Slavery in the States, in tho

same Congress-Bureau of Freedmen's Affairs.

The President's Views on Colonization-Incom-

patibility of Civil and Military Oflice-Fishing

Bounties-Acts to Prohibit Polygamy; declaring

261 certain Persons Ineligible to Oflice; and to Pun-

ish Conspiracy-Letters of Marque-Enabling
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the

Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
votes upon all their leading Features and Char-

-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen.
acteristics-Resolutions relative to the Enroll-

ship, and on the Pay of Colored Soldiers-Mo-
ment-Orders of the War Department enforcing

Clellan's Letters Recommending a Political
the Draft of 1862-Gen. McClellan's Recommen-

Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fa-
dation of a Draft in 1861-Colored Soldiers and

voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania-
their Pay-Opiuion of Attorney General Bates

Proposed Ceusure of President Lincoln and Ex-
respecting the pay of Rev. S. Ilarrison, colored

President Buchanan-Censure of Representa
Chaplain of the 54th Mass. Regiment-Rules

tives Long and Harris.
and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol-
diers, and the President's Speech thereon-Use

of Colored Men in the “Confederate" Military

Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
Service-Negro Enlistment Act of the Tennes-

1789— Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
Bee Rebel Legislature-"Confederato” Legisla-

and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
tion upon the Treatment of captured Colored

Cilucus in 1855-Early llopes of the Rebels-Er-
Troops and their Officers-Homesteads for Sol-

President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
diers--Unemployed Generals-Resolutions upon

1800—- The Disunion Programme-Letter of D.
the Objects and Prosecution of the War, in the

L. Yuleo, January 7, 1861–Douglas's Last
Thirty-seventh and Thirty-Eighth Congresses,

Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
“ Peace" Propositions in the same—Correspond-

Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ence between the President and Fernando Wood

ers during "the Reign of Terror"-Report to
-Tho Niagara Falls Conference and Correspond-

the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
ence-Peace Propositions in the Rebel Congress

$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposega
-Correspondence between Governor Vance and

Legislativo Action thereon, and other Proceed.
Jefferson Davis--Reported Statement of Davis

ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861–Sun.
to Gilmore.

dry Rebel Items.
Orders of Gens. McClellan, Dix, and Schenck-

The Provisional President, Cabinet, and Con-
Governor Bradford's Proclamation of 1863, and

gress, with Memorandum of Changes - The
the President's Letter to the Governor-Orders

* Permanent" Administration--The First Con-
in Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri-Orders

gress, and Changes therein-Tho Second Con-
concerning Impressment of Property-Proposed

Legislation upon Military Interference in Elec-





The National Union Convention and Letters of
The Reconstruction Bill, with the President's

Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew
Proclamation thereon, and Statement of Sena-

Johnson—The Cleveland Convention, and the
tor Wade and Representative Davis-Electoral

Letters of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-
Vote of Rebel States-Proposed Commission of

rane-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment,
Inquiry-Senators from Arkansas-Process of

November 13, 1861.
Reconstruction in Arkansas, Louisima, and Vir-
ginia–Resolutions by sundry Senators and Rep

resentatives concerning the Relations of Rebel

Democratic National Convention-Numerous
States to the Government-Rebel Views of Recon-

Letters, Orders, and Documents on Politics,
struction, being Resolutions by the First “ Con-

Peace. Slavery, the Draft, Negro Soldiers, Elec:
federate" Congress, and Legislatures of Rebel

tions. &c.-Holt's Report ou Secret Oriers--- The
States, with Statements of prominent Rebels.

Church and the Rebellion- Second Session

Thirty-Eighth Congres, and of Second Rebel


Congress-President Linculu's Last Papers and

Death-Presidential Vote of 1964.
Message of May 29, 1862_Remarks at Union

Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862–


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