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corrected within the Union, in a peaceful Severna verean Wale, Waldron, Walton, Cadwaladier C.

Stewart, Tappan, Van and Constitutional way; that we believe that Washburn, Erlibu B. Washburne, Israel Washburn, Wells, it has sufficient power to redress every wrong Wilson, Wood—88. and enforce every right growing out of its

NAYE-Messrs. Green Adams, Adrain, Thomas L. Ander

son, Ashley, Barksdale, Barrett, Bocock, Boteler, Boyce, organization or pertaining to its proper Brikes, Brown, Burnett, Horace ?. Clark, John B. Clark, functions; and that it is a patriotic duty to Clemens, Clopton, Cobb, John Cochrane, Cor, James Craig stand by it, as our hope in peace and our de- Elmundson, English, Florence

, Poruke, Gartrell, Gilmer fence in war."

Hardeman, J. Morrison Harris, John T. Harris, Hatton, Hill, Which was agreed to--yeas 115, nays 44, Hindman, Holman, Hughes, Jackson, Jmcs, Kunkel, land

rum, Larrabee, Jas. M. Leach, Leake, Logan, Marlay, as follows:

Mallory, Elbert S. Martin, McClernand, McKinty, Mimi. YEAs-Messrs. Adams of Kentucky, Adrain, Aldrich, gomery, Laban T. Moore, Sydenham Moore, Isaac N. Morris, Allen, Alley, Anderson of Kentucky, Ashley, Babbitt, Niblack, Noell, Pendleton, Peyton, Pryor, Pugh, Quarles, Beale, Bingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Briggs, 'Buffinton, Reagan, Riggs, Scott, Sickles, Simms, Singleton, Wm. Smith, Burlingame, Burnham, Butterfield, Campbell, Carey, Car

Wm. N. H. Smith, Stallworth, Sterenson, James A. Sruart, ter, Case, Colfax, Conkling, Covode, 'Cor, Daris' of Indiana, Stokes, Thomas, Underwood, Vance, Webster, Woodson, Dawes, Delano, Dnell, Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards, Eliot,

Wright—81. Ely, English, Etheridge, Farnsworth, Fenton, Foster, Frank, APPROVAL OF MAJOR ANDERSON'S COURSE. French, Gooch, Graham, Grow, Hale, Hall, Ilarris of Ma., Helmick, Hickman, Hoard, Holman, Howard of Ohio, In the House of Representatives, January Humphrey, Ilutchins, Irvine, Junkin, Kellogg of Mich., Ken 7th, 1861, this resolution was offered by er. Loomis, Lovejoy, Martin of Ohio, McClernand, Me Kean, Mr. Adrain, of New Jersey, and adoptedMc Kenty, McKnight, McPherson, Montgomery. Moorheal,

yeas 125, nays 56. Morris of Pa., Morris of Illinois, Niblack, Nixon, Olin, Palmier, Perry, Pettit, Porter, Potter, Pottle, E. R. Reynolds,

Resolved, That we fully approve the bold J. H. Reynolds, Rice, Riggs, Robinson of M., Royce, Scranton, and patriotic act of Major Anderson in withof Pa., Stokes, Tappan, Thayer, Tompkins, Train, Trimble

, drawing from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, Vandever, Verree, Wade, Waldron, Walton, Washburne of and of the determination of the President to IH., Washburn of Maine, Wells, Wilson, Wood-115. maintain that fearless officer in his present

NAYR— Messrs. Anderson of Missouri, Arery, Barksdale, Bouligny, Branch, Burnett, Clark of Missouri, Clopton, position; and that we will support the PresiCobb, Crawford, Curry, De Jarnette, Edmundsom, Florence, dent in all constitutional measures to enforce Gurnett, Gartrell, Hardeman, Will, Hindman, Hughes Jack the laws and preserve the Union.” son, Jenkins, Jones, Landrum, Leach of N.C., Leake, Martin of Virginia, Moure of Alabama, Nuell, Pryor, Quarles, Reagan, Ruflin, Scott, Sickles, Singleton, Smith of Va., Stallworth, Stevenson, Thomas, Underwood, Vance, Webster,

YEAS-Messrs. Charles F. Adams, Green Adams, Adrain, Wright-46.

Aldrich, Allen, Alley, W.C. Anderson, Ashley, Babbitt, Beale,

Bingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Briggs, Buffinton, BurlinTHE CONSTITUTION AND SLAVERY.

game, Campbell, Carey, Carter, Clemens, Coburn, J.Cochrane,

Colfax, Corwin, Covode, Cor, Curtis, H. W. Daris, J.G. Daris, Mr. CRAWFORD, of Georgia, offered the fol- Dawes, Delano, Dimmick, Duell, Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards, lowing:

Eliot, Ely, Etheridge, Farnsworth, Fenton, Ferry, Foster, Resolved, That the Constitution of the Fouke, Frank, French, Gooch, Grow, Gurley, Hale, Hall

Haskin, Helmick, Ilickman, Hoard, Holman, Williain 1 United States recognizes property in slaves. ad, William A. Howard, Humphrey, Hutchins, Irvine, That the Congress of the United States has Junkin, Francis W. Kellogg, William Kellogs, 'Kenyon, passed laws to aid slaveholders in recaptur- Lomis, Lovejoy, Maclay, Marston, Charles D. Martin ing their slaves whenever they escape and McClernand, McKean, Mc Kenty, McKnight, McPherson, make their way into the free States.

Millward, Montgomery, Moorhead, Morrill, Edward Joy That

Morris, Morse, Nixon, Olin, Palmer, Perry, Pettit, Porter, the Supreme Court of the United States Pottle, Edwin R. Reynolds, Rice, Riggs, Christopher Robinhave decided that negroes were not included son, James C. Robinson, Royce, Sedgwick, Sherman, Sickles,

Spaulding, Spinner, Stanton, Stevens, William Stewart, either in the Declaration of Independence or Stratton, Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, Tompkins, Train, in the Constitution of the United States ex- Trimble, Vandever, Wade, Waldron, Walton, Cadwalader C

Washburn, Ellihu B. Washburne, Wells, Wilson, Windom, cept as slaves; and that they cannot become Wood-125. citizens of the United States. And we, the NAYS—Messrs. Thomas L. Anderson, Avery, Barksdale, members of this House, hereby sustain and Solin B. Clark, Clopton, cobb, James Craig, Crawford, De

Barrett, Bocock, Bouligny, Branch, Brown, Burch, Burnett, will support this construction of the Con- Jarnette

, Florence, Garnett, Gartrel, Gilmer, Homilion, Harstitution, the laws, and said decisions of the deman, John 7. Harris, Hatton, Hawkins, Hill, Hindman,

Houston, Hughes, Jones, Kunkel, Landrum, James M.Leach, Supreme Court."

Love, Mallory, Elbert S. Martin, Maynard, Mc Rae, Laban Dec. 18th. Mr. SHERMAN moved to lay the T. Moore, Sydenham Moore, Peyton, Phelps, Pryor, Quarles, resolution on the table, which was rejected Serenas, Push escotesimme, Singleton, William N. 1. Smith

Stevenson, Stokes, Vallandigham, , -yeas 89, nays 92. Subsequently a motion —56. was made to reconsider this vote, and the

COERCION. House refusing--yeas 87, nays 91-to lay December 31st. Mr. PRYOR offered the the motion to reconsider on the table, the following resolution : motion of Mr. Sherman to lay the resolution

Resolved, That any attempt to preserve on the table was agreed to-yeas 88, nays 81, the Union between the States of this Conas follows:

federacy by force would be impracticable YEAS—Messrs. Aldrich, Auen, Alley, Babbitt, Beale, and destructive to republican liberty. Pingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Buffinton, Burlingame, Mr. Stanton moved to lay this upon the Butterfield, Carey, Carter, Case, Colfax, Conkling, Covode, Curtis, Dawes, Dolano, Duell, Edgerton, Edwards, Eliot, Ely, table, which was agreed to--yeas 98, nays Farnsworth, Fenton, Foster, Frank, Gooch, Graham, Grow, 55, as follows: Gurley, Hale, Hall, Helmick, Hickman, Hoard, Hutchins, Inine, Junkin, Francis W. Kellogg, Kenyon, Kilgore, YEAS-Messrs. Adams of Mass., Adams of Ky., Adrain, Killinger, De Witt C. Leach, Lee, Longnecker, Loomis, Aldrich, Allen, Babbitt, Beale, Bingham, Blair, Blake, BrayLovejoy, McKan, McKnight, McPherson, Millward, Moor- ton, Briggs, Buffinton, Burlingame, Burnham, Campbell, head, Edward Joy Morris, Morse, ry, Pettit, Po er, Carey, Case, Clemens, Colfax, Conkling, Oor, Davis of Ind. pottle, Edwin R. Řeynolds, John H. Reynolds, Rice, Royce, Dawes, Duell, Edgerton, Eliot, Ely, Etheridge, Farnsworth, Sedgwick, Sherman, Spaulding, Spinner, Stanton, William Fenton, Foster, fvuke, French, Gooch, Grow, Hale, Harris of Md. Hatton, Helmick, Hill, Holman, Howard of Ohio, Burnham, Butterfield, Camphell, Carey, Case, Coburn, Cole Howard of Michigan, Humphrey, Hutchins, Junkin, Kel. fax, Conkling, Covode, Curtis, R. Winter Davis, John G. lugg & Mich., Kenyon, Kilgore, Larrabee, Leach of Mich., Davis, Dawes, Delano, Duell, Edgerton, Eliot, Etheridge, Lee, Longnecker, Loomis, Lovejoy, Marston, Martin of Ohio, Fenton, Foster, Frank, French, Gilmer, Gooch, Grow, Gurley, Maynard, McKean, McKenty, McKnight, McPherson, Mont- Hale, J. Morrison Ilarris, Helmick, Hoard, Tolman, Wil gowry, More of Ky., Morris of Pa., Morris of M., Morse, liam Howard, William A. Howard, Humphrey, Hutchins, voll, Olin, Palmer, Pendleton, Perry, Pettit, Porter, Irvine, Junkin, Francis W. Kellogg, William Kellogg, KenQuarles, Reynolds, Robinson of Rhode Island, Robinson of yon, Killinger, De Witt C. Leach, Lee, Lungnecker, Loomis, III, Royee, Sherman, Spaulding, Stanton, Stevens, Stokes, Lovejoy, Mallory, Marston, Charles D. Martin, McC'lernand, Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, Vance, Vaudever, Verree, Wade, McKean, McKnight, McPherson, Montgomery, Laban T. Walton, Washburn of Wisconsin, Washburne of Illinois, Moore, Moorhead, Morrill, Edward Joy Morris, Isaac N. Webster, Wilson, Windom--98.

Morris, Morse, Nelson, Niblack, Nixon, Olin, Palmer, Perry, NATS-Messrs. Alley, Anderson of Mo., Ashley, Avery, Potter, Pottle, Edwin R. Reynolds, John II. Reynolds, Rice, Barksdale, Barrett, Bocork, Branch, Burch, Clark of Mo., Rúngs, Christopher Robinson, Ruyce, Scranton, Sedgwick, Colon, C bb, John Cochrane, Craig of Mo., Crawford, Curry, Sberman, Somes, Spaulding, Spinner, Stanton, Stevens, Wm. Curtis, De Jirnelle, Dunn, Exlmundson, Plorence, Garnett, Stewart, Stokes, Stratton, Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, TompGertrull, Hardeman, Harris of Va., Hindman, Houston, kins, Train, Trimble, Vandover, Van Wyck, Wade, Waldron, Hapher, Jackson, Jenkins, Jones, Leach of N. C., Logan, Lore, Walton, Cadwalader C. Washburn, Ellihu B. Washburne, Wirtin of Va., Clernand, McRae, Moore of Ala., Niblack, Webster, Wells, Wilson, Windom, Wood, Woodruff--119. Peyton, Pryor, Pugh, Rigas, Rust, Scott, Sickles, Singleton, Nays-Messrs. Arery, Bocock, Boteler, Branch, Brown, Spinner, Tinaas, Vallandigham, Wells, Whiteley, Winslow, Burnett, Horace P. Clark, John B. (lurk, James Craig, Woodson, Wrighi_55.

Burton Craige, De Jarnette, Filmundson, Florence, Fuke, NON-INTERFERENCE WITH SLAVERY IN

Garnett, John T. Harris, Hatton, Hindman, Hughes, KunTHE

kel, James M. Leach, Leake, Logan, Murlay, Elbert S. Mur. STATES.

tin, Maynard, McKenty, Millsom, Pendletm, Peyton, Pryor, February 11th, 1861. Mr. SHERMAN of Quarles, James C. Robinson, Scott

, Simms, William N. h.

Smith, Stevenson, Thomas, Vance, Whiteley, Winslow, Ohio, offered the following:

Wright42. Resolved, That neither the Congress of

The bill was debated in the Senate, rethe United States, nor the people or gov- committed, re-reported, but objected to by ernments of the non-slaveholding States Mr. Mason, Mr. Green, and others, and not have the constitutional right to legislate finally disposed of. upon or interfere with slavery in any of the slaveholding States in the Union.

Which were agreed to-yeas 162, nays

February 18th. Mr. Stanton of Ohio, re. Allen, Thomas L. Anderson, William C. Anderson, Avery, affairs a bill enacting :

TE43–Messrs. Charles P. Adams, Green Adams, Aldrich, ported from the Committee on Military
Bulbitt, Larr, Barrelt, Bingham, Blair, Blike, Bocock,
Boteler, Brabson, Brayton, Briggs, Bristow, Broren, Duffin-

That the provisions of an act approved the ton, Burch, Burlingame, Burnett, Butterfield, Campbell, 28th day of February, in the year 1795, entitled Carey, ('artit, Case, Horace F. Clark, John B. Clark, Coburn, "An act to provide for calling forth the Craig, Curtis. Dawes, Delano, Dimmick, Duell, Dunn, Ed- militia to execute the laws of the Union, murid sem. Eal wards, Eliot, Ely, English, Etheridge, Farns suppress insurrections, and repel invasions, wurth, Ferry, Florence, Foster, Frank, French, Garnett, and to repeal the act now in force for those Marison Harris, John T. Harris, Haskin, Hatton, Il mick, purposes, and of the act approved the 3d day Haard, Holman, William Howard, William A. Howard, of March, in the year 1807, entitled “An act Francis W. Kellogg, Kenyon, Killinger, Larrabee, Lealie, authorizing the employment of the land and Lp, Lastejoy, Maday, Mallory, Marston, Elbert S. Martin naval forces of the United States in cases of Mayuard, N. Clernorul, Mchean, Aic Kenty, McKnight Me insurrections,” are hereby extended to the Norhead, Portill, Elward Joy Morris, Isvae N. Morris

, case of insurrections against the authority Morse, Nelson, Niblack, Nixon, Noell, Palmer, Perry, Pettit, of the United States. Peyto, Phelps, Porter, Potter, Pottle, Pryor, Quarles, John H. Reynolds. Rice, Riggs, Christopher Robinson, Royce, That the President in any case in which Scranton, Seri wick, Sherman, Sickles, William N.H. Smith, it may be lawful to use either the militia or Beken, Sow Stratton, Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, Thomas the military and naval force of the United Tyıpkins, Train, Trimble, Fallandigham, Vance, Vande- States for the purpose aforesaid, may accept ter, Van Wyck, Verree, Wade, Waldron, Walton, Carwali- the services of such volunteers as may offer der C. Washburn, Elihu B. Wishburne, Webster, Wells, Whitelry, Wilson, Windom, Winslow, Woodson—162. their services, as cavalry, infantry, or artilNAYS-None.

lery, organized in companies of the maxiBILL TO RE-ORGANIZE THE MILITIA OF THE

mum standard, squadrons and regiments, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. January 28th, 1860. Mr. Stanton of Ohio, scribed for the organization of the respec

respectively, according to the mode prereported from the Military Committee a bill tive arms in the military establishment of providing that every officer, non-commis- the United States; and it shall be lawful for sioned officer, musician, and private of the the President to commission the officers of militia of the District of Columbia, shall such companies, battalions, squadrons, and take and subscribe to the oath required by regiments, in their respective grades, to the eighteenth section of the act approved continue till discharged from the service of January 11, 1812, the name of any person the United States; and such volunteers, refusing to be stricken from the roll, or if while in the service of the United States, an officer his commission to be forfeited. The rules were suspended-yeas 116, nays war, and shall be entitled to same pay and

shall be subject to the rules and articles of 41. to permit its introduction, and it was emoluments as officers and soldiers of the finally passed-yeas 120, nays 42, as follows: same grade in the regular service.

Yeaz-Messrs. Charles F. Adams, Green Adams, Adrain,
Aldrich, Alley, William C. Anderson, Ashley, Babbitt, Beale,

A motion to eject the bill was negatived Bingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Briggs. Bristow, Ruffinton, -yeas 68, nays 109, as follows:


The yeas


Yeas-Messrs. Thomas L. Anderson, William C. Ander- | BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE COLLECTION OF son, Avery, Barr, Burrett, Bocock, Bouligny, Brabson, Branch, Bristow, Brown, Burch, Burnett, Horace P. Clork,

DUTIES ON IMPORTS. John B. Clark, John Cochrane, Cor, James Craig, Burton Craige, John G. Daris, De Jurnette, Edmundson, English, January 30, 1860. Mr. BINGHAM of Ohio, Etheridge, Florence, Garnett, Gilmer, J. Morrison Harris, John T. Harris, Hatton, Hindman, William

Howard, reported from the Committee on the Judi Hughes, Kunkel, Larrabee, James M. Leuch, Leake, Logan ciary a bill providingMaclay, Mallory, Maynard, Mc Kenty, Millson, Laban T. Moora, Isuac N. Morris, Nelson, Niblack, Noell, Peyton,

That whenever by reason of unlawful obPeps, Pryor, Quarles, James C. Robinson, Rupin, kust structions, combinations or assemblages of Thomas, vallandigham, Vance, Webster, Winslow,' Wood persons, it shall become impracticable, in son, Wright-68.

the judgment of the President, to executo NAYS--Messrs. Charles F. Adams, Adrain, Aldrich, Allen, the revenue laws and collect the duties on Alley, Ashley, Babbitt, Bingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Briggs, Buslinton, Burlingame, Burnham, Butterfield, imports in the ordinary way in any collecCampbell, Carey, Carter, Case. Colfax, Conkling, Conway tion district, it shall be lawful for the PresiCorwin, Covode, 11. Winter Davis, Dawes, Delano; Duell

: dent to direct that the custom-house for Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards, Eliot, Ely, Farnsworth, Fenton, Frank, French, Graham, Grow, Gurley, Hale Hall

, such district be established and kept in any Helmick, Ilickman, Ilonrd, William A. Howard, Tutchins, secure place within some port or harbor of Irvine, Junkin, Francis Kenyon, Kilgore, Killinger, De Witt C. Leach, Lee, Long- such district, either upon land or on board pecker, Loomis, Lovejoy, Marston, McKean, McKnight, any vessel; and that, in that case, it shall Olin, Palmer, Perry, Pettit, Porter, Potter, Pottle, Edwin R. be the duty of the collector to reside at such Reynolds, John II. Reynolds, Nice, Riggs, Christopher Roh- place, and there to detain all vessels and ing, Spinner, Stevens, William Stewart, Stratton, Tappan, cargoes arriving within the district until the Tinyer, Theaker, Tompkins, Train, Trimble, Vandever, Van duties imposed on the cargoes by law are Wyck, Wade, Waldron, Walton, Cadwnlader c. Washburn, paid in cash, any thing in the laws of the Ellihu B. Washburne, Wells, Wilson, Windom, Wood, United States to the contrary notwithstand19th. A motion to lay it on the table was ful to take the vessel or cargo from the cus

ing; and that, in such cases, it shall be unlaw. negatived—yeas 68, nays 105.

tody of the proper officer of the customs un.

less by process from some court of the YEA9-Messrs. Adrain, Allen, Thomas L. Anderson, Wm. United States; and that, in case of any C. Anderson, Avery, Barr, Bocock, Boteler, Bouligny, Brabson, Branch, Bristow, Burch, Burnett, Horace P. Clark | attempt otherwise to take such vessel or John B. Clark, John Cochrane, cor, James Craig, Burton cargo by any force, or combination, or asEtheridge, Florence, Finike, Garnett, Gilmer, Hamilton, J. semblage of persons, too great to be overcome Morrison Harris, John T. Harris, Hatton, Hindman, wm. by the officers of the customs, it shall be Howard, Hughes, kunkel, Larraber, James M. Leach: lawful for the President of the United States Leake, Maclay, Mallory, Charles D. Martin, Elbert S. Martin, Maynard, McKinty, Millson, Laban T. Moore, Nelson, Niba or such person or persons as he shall have lack, Noll, Peyton, Pryor, Quurles, Riggs, James C. Rolvin- empowered for that purpose, to employ such son, Ruffin

, Rust, Scott, Simms, Stokes, Sout, Ihomas, Val- part of the land or naval forces, or militia of landigham, Vance, Winslow, Woodson, Wright-68

the United States, as may be deemed neces26th. On motion of Mr. Corwin of Ohio,

sary for the purpose of preventing the rethe bill was postponed till the 28th, to take up the report of the Committee of Thirty-ing the officers of the customs in retaining

moval of such vessel or cargo, and protectthree, which was agreed to-yeas 100, nays the custody thereof. 74, as follows:

March 2d. On a motion to take up the bill, YEAS-Messrs. Green Adams, Adrain, Thos. L. Anderson, by a suspension of the rules, the yeas were Wm. C. Anderson, Avery, Barr, Burrett, Bocock, Boteler: 103, the nays 62, as follows: Bouligny, Brabsun, Branch, Briggs, Bristow, Brown, Burch, Burnett, Campbell, Horace F. Clark, John B. Clark, John Cochrane, Corwin, Chi, Jas, Craig, Burton Craige, II. Winter

YEAS-Messrs. Charles F. Adams, Adrain, Aldrich, Alley, Davis, John G. Davis, De Jarnette, Edmundson, Etheridge, Ashley, Babbitt, Beale, Bingham, Blake, Brayton, Briggs, Florence, Fruke, Garnett, Gilmer, Ilale, Hall, Hamilton, J. Buflinton, Burlingame, Butterfield, Carey, Carter, Coburn, Morrison Harris, Jno. T. Harris, Hatton, Holman, I'm. Hou Colfax, Conkling, Conway, Covode, Dawes, Delano, Duell, ard, Hughes, Jenkins, Junkin, W. Kellogg, Kilgore, Kunkel, Dunn, Edgerton, Eliot, Ely, Farnsworth, Fenton, Ferry, Larravee, James M. Leach, Leake, Logan, Maclay. Mallory, Foster, Frank, French, Gooch, Graham, Grow, Gurley, Hale, Charles D. Martin, Elbert S. Martin, Maynard, sic('lernand, Hall, Haskin, Helmick, Hickman, Hoard, Holman, Humph McKenty, McKnight, McPherson, Millson, Millward, Mont-rey, Hutchins, Irvine, Junkin, Francis W. Kellogg, William gomery, Laban T. Moore, Moorhead, Edward Joy Morris, Kelloge, Kenyon, Kilgore, Killinger, De Witt c. Leach, Lee, Isaac N. Morris, Nelson, Millack, Nixon, Noel, Peyton, Longnecker, Loomis, Lovejoy, Marston, McKean, McKnight, Phelps, Pryor, Quarles, John II. Reynolds, Rigge, James C McPherson, Millward, Edward Joy Morris, Nixon, Olin, Robinson, Rullin, Scranton, Sickles, Simms, William N. H. Palmer, Pettit, Porter, Potter, Pottle, Rice, Christopher Smith, Serenson, James A. Stewari, Wm. Stewart, Stokes, Robinson, Royce, Sedgwick, Sherman, Somes, Spanlding, Sout, Stratton, Thayer, Thomas, vallandigham, Vance, Spinner, Stanton, Stevens, William Stewart, Stratton, Tap Verree, Webster, Winslow, Wood, Woodson, Wright--100.

pan, Thayer, Theaker, Tompkins, Train, Trimble, Vandever, Nars-Monste. Charles F. Adams, Alley, Ashley, Babbitt, Van Wyck, Verree, Wade, Waldron, Walton, Cadwalader c. Peale, Bingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Buffinton, Burlin

Washburn, Ellihu B. Washburne, Wells, Wilson, Windou, game, Burnham, Butterfield, Carey, Carter, Case, Coburn, Wood, Woodruff–103. Colfax, Conkling, Curtis. Delano, Duell, Edgerton, Edwards, NAYS-Messrs. William C. Anderson, Barr, Barrett, Eliot, Ely, Farnsworth, Fenton, Ferry, Gooch, Grow, Gurley, Brabson, Branch, Bristow, Brown, Burch, Burnett, Horuce Haskin, Hickman, Hoard, William A. Howard, Ilutchins, F. Clark, John B. Clark, Clemens, John Cochrane. Corwin, Francis W. Kellogg, Kenyon, De Witt C. Leach, Lee, Long-Cor, James Craig, John G. Davis, De Jarnette, Edmundson, necker, Looiis, Lovejoy, Marston, Morrill, Morse. Olin, Etheridge, Florence, Pouke, Garnett, Gilmer, Hamilton, J. Palmer, Porter, Potter, Pottle, Edwin R. Reynolds, Christo- Morrison Harris, John T. Harris, Hatton, William Howard, pher Robinson, Royce, Sedgwick, Spaulding, Spinner, Hughes, Kunkel, Larrabee, James M. Leach, Leakt, Mallory, Stanton, Stevens, Tappan, Theaker, Tumpkins, Train, Trim- Charles D. Martin, Elbert S. Martin, Maynard, Me Kenty, ble. Wade, Waldron, Walton, Cadwalader c. Washburn, Milson, Laban T. Moore, Nelson, Niblack, Pendlem, Peyo Ellihu B. Washburne, Wells, Wilson, Windom, Woodruff ton, Phelps, Pryor, Quarles, Riggs, James C. Robinsi,

Simms, William N. H. Smith, James A. Srirarl, Stokes

Thomas, Vallandigham, Vance, Webster, Whiteley, Winswm, The bill was not again reached.

Woodson, Wright--62.

Two-thirds not having voted in the affirm- / which it must perform. It holds valuable ative, the bill was not taken up, nor was it property in every part of the territory over again reached.

which its jurisdiction has been, by the solemn January 30th, 1861. Mr. John Cochrane mandate of the people of all the States, exfrom the Select Committee on the Presi- tended; and it holds every article of this dent's message reported a bill for the “Col. property as the common trustee of all the lection of Duties on Imports," which was people of all the States for their common ordered to be printed and re-committed to use and benefit; and to them, and to all of the committee. It was not again heard from them, it is directly responsible for the safe His views of the subject were expressed as keeping and protection of such property. follows:

By constitutional legislation, supreme in its While fully concurring with the President character and irrepealable except by the in the opinion that no State possesses, under authority which created it, the Federal Gov. and by virtue of the Federal Constitution, ernment has established a system of revenue any right or authority to secede, or with-laws which it is bound to maintain, and draw, or separate itself from the Federal against all obstructions to the execution of Union, I am equally convinced that, not hav- which it is equally bound adequately to proing been prohibited, the justification of the vide. No extra constitutional action of any exercise of such right is referable to the na- State can possibly release the Federal Gov. ture and extent of those rights reserved to ernment in any of its departments from this the States or the people thereof. Therefore imperative obligation. all the acts and ordinances of secession which It is to this aspect of the duty of Congress have been or may be enacted by any State in the unfortunate and unexampled state of or States, acting separately, in my opinion, facts presented for its consideration by the are, in as far as the same may be carried President, in his late message, that the atinto effect, to be considered as revolutionary tention of the committee has been specially infractions of the supreme law of the land, directed, and they report herewith a bill however they may be regarded as the pro- designed, as is believed, peaceably and in a per exercise of an indefeasible right of spirit of moderation and forbearance fully to * resisting acts which are plainly un- protect the entire revenue system of the constitutional and too oppressive to be United States from all the unconstitutional endured."

and unlawjul obstructions and disturbances I also concur with the President that the with which it is now or may be hereafter Federal Constitution has abstained from con- threatened. ferring upon the Federal Government, or In framing this measure there has been any department thereof, authority to declare kept steadily in view, first, the obstacles of and wage oppressive war against a seceding every character which oppose any attempt State, in order to coerce the repeal of any by the Federal Government to coerce a act or ordinance of secession which she may State; and, secondly, the principle upon have passed, or the renunciation of any pur- which, as is conceived, the whole coercive pose of secession which she may entertain, action of our revenue system has, from its or to compel her to remain nominally, as inception, been founded. well as in fact, a member of the Federal The just and rightful coercion exercised Union. On the contrary, the plenary power under the Constitution by the Federal Govof offensive war and reprisals, conferred by ernment in the collection of its revenue from the Constitution upon Congress, is, in my foreign commerce is a coercion, not directed judgment, designed exclusively to authorize against State authority, nor even against and empower such war by the Federal Gov- unlawful action by assemblages of persons ernment, in its discretion, against such gov- within any State. That coercion on the ernments and communities as may be right-'contrary, applies itself directly to the bulk fully considered foreign to the United States. ' and body of the foreign importations upon States which profess to have seceded from which the revenue is chargeable, and to the the Federal Union, by their separate State vessels and the agents by which they are action, cannot, in my opinion, be rightfully brought into our ports, opened to such so considered; and, therefore, a just concep- commerce only under the protection and by tion of the constitutional authority of Con- the regulation of the Federal law. gress combines with other and, if possible, The well-understood and just assumption higher and more commanding motives to upon which all this foreign commerce proceeds prescribe other measures than aggressive is, that the Federal Government provides for and coercive war to remedy the grave in- it ports of entry and delivery in which it conveniences, perils, and evils of such seces- may be entered and delivered, and in which sion.

the lawful duties chargeable upon it shall It is, on the other hand, entirely manifest be collected and paid to the Federal Governthat the Federal Government, throughout ment, whose laws have, for that very conthe whole extent of its constitutional juris- sideration, established and protected and diction, both territorial and maritime, is regulated such entry and delivery. The Fested with powers which it cannot surren- failure to observe those regulations is, by der, and charged with trusts and duties our whole code of revenue law, visited in


penalties upon the agents by whom the ! when, where, and with whom it was made, merchandise is transported, the vessels in / and on what consideration. which it is carried, and finally in the form 3d. What demand for reinforcements of of seizure and forfeiture upon the merchan- the said forts has been made, and for what dise itself. All this is a coercion of law reason such reinforcements have not been upon foreign commerce, and not a coercion furnished. of force upon any State to which it may be 4th. Where the ships of the United States bound. No State can rightfully expect that are now stationed, with what commands, and the United States shall permit foreign com- with what orders. merce to be carried on in ports and places 5th. Whether the custom-house, post-office, open to it only under their authority, with arsenal, and other public buildings of the out compliance with the constitutional con- United States at Charleston have been seized ditions under which those ports or places and are held in possession by any person or have been thus opened. It is in this view persons, and the particulars of such seizure that the bill proposes that vessels from a and possession. foreign port bound to a port within the 6th. Whether any revenue cutter of the scope of its provisions shall, with its foreign United States has been seized and is now cargo, be liable to seizure and condeurna- held in possession by any person or persons, tion, and in the same view of applying its re- and the particulars thereof; and whether strictions only to foreign commerce on which any efforts have been made by the head of revenue is by law collected, all vessels law- the Treasury Department to recapture or fully engaged in the coastwise trade are ex- recover possession of said vessel. empted from the operation of its purely That the committee have power to send for remedial and defensive provisions.

persons and papers, to take testimony, and REPORTS RELATIVE TO MILITARY AND NAVAL report from time to time, as facts material

to the national safety and national honor

may be disclosed by the evidence. January 8th, 1861. The President sent a Which was adopted-yeas 133, nays 62, message relative to the condition of the as follows: country, urging upon Congress to devote

YEAS--Messrs. Charles F. Adams, Green Adams, Adrain, itself exclusively to the question how the Aldrich, Allen, Alley, William C. Anderson, Ashley, BatUnion can be preserved in peace, and re- bitt

, Beale, Bingham, Blair, Blake, Brayton, Briggs, bris. commending the establishment of a line and Campbell, Carey, Carter, Clemens, Coburn, John Cochrane " letting the North have exclusive control Colfax, Covode, Cox, Curtis, John G. Davis, Dawes, Delana of the Territory above it, and giving Southern Duell, Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards, Eliot, Ely, Etheridge institutions protection below it.” He trans-Gilmer, Gooch, Grow, Gurley, Hale, Hall, Hamilton, Haskin, mits copies of the correspondence between Helmick, Jlickman, Hoard, Ilolman, Wm. Howard, Win. A himself and the “commissioners” of South Kellore Wm. Kelloys, Kenyon, Kilgore, Larruber, De Witt Carolina, pledges himself to preserve the C. Leach, Lee, Logan, Longnecker, Loomis, Lovejoy, Maclay, public peace in the District of Columbia, Marston, McCiernand, Mc Kean, McKnight, McPherson, warns his countrymen of the dangers which Morris, Morse, Nelson, Nixon, Nocli, Olin, Palmer, Perry now surround us, and says that he shall Petiit, Porter, Pottle, Edwin R. Reynolds, John II. Reynolds, carry to his grave the consciousness that he Rice, Riggs, Christopher Robinson, James C. Robinson,

Royce, Scranton, Sedgwick, Shernian, Somes, Spaulding, at least meant well for his country.

Spinner, Stanton, Stevens, Wm. Stewart, Stokes, Stratton, 9th. Mr. HOWARD of Michigan, offered the Tappan, Thayer, Theaker, Tompkins, Train, Trimble, Van

dever, Wade, Waldron, Cadwalader C. Washburn, Ellihu B. following resolution:

Washburne, Webster, Wells, Wilson, Windom, Wood, WoodResolved, That the message be referred to ruft--133.

NAYS-Messrs. Thomas L. Andersm, Arry, Barksdale, a special committee of five members of this Barrett

, Bocock, Boteler, Boulizny, Branch, Brown, Burnett, House, and that they be instructed to report John B. Clark, Clopton, Cohb, Crawford, De Jarnette, Dimon the same as early as possible; and that Harirman, John 'r. Harris, Hatton, Thawkins, Hill, Horissaid committee make immediate inquiry, ton, Hughes, Jones, Kunkel

, Landrum, James M. Leach, and report:

Leake, Lone, Mallory, Charles D. Martin, Elbert S. Martin,

Maynard, McKrnty, McRae, millson, Laban T. Moore, Sydene 1st. Whether any executive officer of the hum Moore, Niblack, Pendieton, Peyton, Phelps, Iyyor, United States has been or is now treating or Quarles, Rragan, Rust, Sickles, Simms, mm. Smith, Wm. N holding communication with any person or Woodson, Wrighi62.

H. Smith, Taylor, Vallandigham, Vance, Whiteley, Winsloo, persons concerning the surrender of any forts, fortresses, or public property of the

January 10th. The Committee was United States, and whether any demand nounced, consisting of Messrs. Howard of for such surrender has been made, when Michigan, Branch of North Carolina, John and by whom, and what answer has been Cochrane of New York, Dawes of Massagiven.

chusetts, and HICKMAN of Pennsylvania. Mr. 2d. Whether any officer of this Govern

Hickman was subsequently excused from ment has at any time entered into any pledge, serving, and Mr. Jour H. Reynolds of New

York, was substituted. agreement, or understanding, with any person or persons, not to send reinforcements SECRET to the forts of the United States in the harbor of Charleston, and the particulars of February 14th. The cominittee reported such agreement, pledge, or understanding; unanimously that “the evidence produced




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