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Kentucky only, in part; Virginia, South Fessenden calling for an explanation of the Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisi- reasons upon which the first section is ana, Mississippi and Kansas were. by order founded, of the Secretary of War, supplied with their Mr. Davis said: “It is, that the volunteer quotas for 1861 in advance, and Pennsylva- companies of the States desiring arms, may nia and Maryland in part.”
purchase them of the Government manuThis advance of arms to eight Southern facture. It is a long settled policy-and I States is in addition to the transfer, about think a wise one on the part of the United the same time, of 115,000 muskets to South- States-to furnish arms, of the approved patern arsenals, as per Mr. Stanton's report. tern for the public service, to the militia.
Governor Letcher of Virginia, in his Mes. The appropriation which is made to supply sage of December, 1861, says, that for some the militia with arms, has not been found time prior to secession, he had been engaged sufficient. There are constant applications in purchasing arms, ammunition, etc.; for arms beyond the quota. The Secretary among which were 13 Parrott rified cannon, of War has no authority to issue them beand 5,000 muskets. He desired to buy from yond the fixed allowance to each State, bethe United States Government 10,000 ing its pro rata share of the arms which more, when buying the 5,000, but he says may be made with $200,000. The Secretary " the authorities declined to sell them to of War, under that pressure, has this year us, although five times the number were recommended that the appropriation for the then in the arsenal at Washington.” Had arming of the militia should be increased. Jefferson Davis' bill relative to the purchase in the meantime, there are volunteer comof arms become a law, the result might have panies with State appropriations anxious to been different.
obtain arms if they will be furnished. If
the Congress thinks proper to exclude them Sale of Arms to States.
from the purchase of arms from the armories,
then they must go to private establishments, January 9th, 1860. Mr. Jefferson Davis and get paiterns which are not those estabof Mississippi introduced to the Senate a lished by the Government, arms which I bebill “to authorize the sale of public arms to lieve to be inferior; and arms which, if they the several States and Territories, and to were brought into the service of the United regulate the appointment of Superintend- States, in the event of the country being inents of the National Armories."
volved in war, would not receive the ammu18th. He reported it from the Military nition which the Government supplies. If Committee without amendment.
they are to buy arms at all, it is therefore February 21st. Mr. Davis. I should like advantageous that they should buy the Gov. the Senate to take up a little bill which I ernment pattern.”- Congressional Globe, ls! hope will excite no discussion. It is the Session, 36th Congress, Part 1, p. 862. bili to authorize the States to purchase March 1st. Its consideration was arms from the National Armories. There sumed. are a number of volunteer companies want- On motion of Mr. Trumbull of Illinois, ar ing to purchase arms, but the States have amendment was inserted in the first section. not a sufficient supply. I move to take up requiring the payment “in cash, at the time the bill.
of delivery.” It was debated further, without The motion was agreed to.
a vote. The bill is as follows:
5th. Mr. Fessenden moved to add the Section 1. That the Secretary of War be, following to the first section: and he is hereby authorized to issue to any Provided, That the whole number of arms State or Territory of the United States, on which may be sold, as aforesaid, shall be application of the Governor thereof, arms ascertained and determined in each year by made at the United States Armories, to the Secretary of War, and no State or Tersuch extent as may be spared from the pub- ritory shall be allowed to purchase a num. lic supplies without injury or inconvenience ber of arms bearing a greater proportion to to the service of the General Government, the whole number so ascertained and deter. upon payment therefor, in each case, of an mined, than the Federal population of such amount sufficient to replace, by fabrication at State or Territory bears to the aggregate the national armories, the arms so issued. Federal population of all the States and Ter
Section 2. That so much of the act ap- ritories of the Union, according to the cen. proved August 5th, eighteen hundred and sus of the United States next preceding such fifty-four, as authorizes the appointment of a purchase. civilian as superintendent of each of the 16th. Mr. Davis of Mississippi moved the folnational armories be, and the same is hereby lowing as a substitute for the above proviso: repealed, and that the superintendents of “That the sales of each year shall not exthese armories shall hereafter be selected ceed the increased manufacture which may from officers of the ordnance corps.
result from said sales; and that the whole num. After a brief discussion, it was made a ber to be sold, if less than the requisitions special order for February 23d.
made, shall be divided between the States 23d. Its consideration was resumed. Mr. I applying to purchase, pro rata, as arms fur.
anked by the United States are now distrib- Washington, December 13th, 1860. Qted."
To our Constituents: The argument is ex: Which was agreed to-yeas 28, nays 18, as hausted. All hope of relief in the Union, follows:
through the agency of committees, Congres98A3—Messrs. Benjamin, Bigler, Bragg, Bright, Brown, i sional legislation, or constitutional amendClay, Clinginan, Crittenden, Davis, Fitch, Fitzpatrick, ments, is extinguished, and we trust the Green, Gwia, Hammond, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of South will not be deceived by appearances Arkansas, Johnson of Tennessee, Kennedy, Latham, Mal. lory. Nicholson, Pearce, Powell, Sebastian, Thomson, or the pretence of new guarantees. The ReToombs, and Wigfall-23.
publicans are resolute in the purpose to N 493.- Mesurs. Authony, Bingham, Chandler, Clark, grant nothing that will or ought to satisfy Collamer, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hamlia, Harlau, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade the South. We are satisfied the honor, safety, Wilkinson, and Wilson-18.
and independence of the Southern people are A party vote, Democrats in affirmative— to be found only in a Southern Confederacy Republicans in negative.
-a result to be obtained only by separate T'he amendment as amended was then State secession—and that the sole and priadopted.
mary aim of each slaveholding State ought to A motion to strike out the first section be its speedy and absolute separation from was lost-yeas 20, nays 28.
an unnatural and hostile Union. March 26th. The bill passed-yeas 29, nays
Signed by J. L. Pugh, David Clopton, 18.
Sydenham Moore, J. L. M. Curry, and J. A. NATR.–Anthong, Bingham, Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Stallworth of Alabama; Alfred Iverson, J. Collamer, Doolitile, Dürkee. Fessenden, Foot, Grimes, W. H. Underwood, L. J. Gartrell, and Jas. Hamiin, Harlau, King, Simmons, Sumuer, Ten Eyck, and Jackson, (Senator Toombs is not here, but Wade. During the debate, on March 28th, between Crawford of Georgia; Geo. S. Hawkins of
would sign), John J. Jones, and Martin J. Mr. Simmons of Rhode Island, and Mr. Davis Florida. It is understood Mr. Yulee will of Mississippi, the latter made these remarks:
“ The Senator runs into an error which i sign it. T. C. Hindman of Arkansas. Both find very often prevails, that the militia of Wm. Barksdale, 0. R. Singleton, and Reuben
Senators will also sign it. A. G. Brown, the States are not a part of the Army of the Davis of Mississippi; Burton Craige and United States. It is our glory that the de- Thos. Ruffin of North Carolina ; J. P. Benfence of the country rests upon the people. jamin and John M. Landrum of Louisiana. He proposes, then, to arm the militia in Mr. Slidell will also sign it. Senators Wigtime of peace with a weapon which they will fall and Hemphill of Texas, will sign it. qot use in time of war.”—Congressional Globe, 1st Session, 36th Congress, Part 2, p. to the caucus :
Mr. Davis made the following statement 1351. In the House, the bill was referred to the Thirty-three, I state that the above witnessed
Being a member of the Committee of Committee on Military Affairs, and was not despatch was communicated to the com. reported.
mittee this evening, and a resolution passed
proposing no specific relief, eight Northern How the Telegraph was made to aid States dissenting, avowedly intended to in effecting Secession.
counteract the effect of the above despatch, Senator Toombs has publicly declared in the South. From information derived from
and, as I believe, to mislead the people of Georgia that he would, under no circum- Republican members of the committee and stances, serve in the Senate after the in- other Northern Representatives, I fully conanguration of Mr. Lincoln. He said the
cur in the above despatch. same thing in the following telegraphic
REUBEN Davis. despatch to Mr. Keitt:
The manifesto will be immediately com. “Macon, November 14th, 1860. municated to the several constituencies of the "To Hon. L. M. Keitt: I will sustain South gentlemen named by telegraph. Carolina in secession. I have announced to the Legislature that I will not serve under Lincoln. If you have the power to act, act at once. We have bright prospects here.
The Savannah News of Monday, Decem“R. TOOMBS.”
ber 24th, publishes the following address to the people of Georgia, telegraphed from Washington, on Saturday, December 22d:
Fellow-Citizens of Georgia: I came here Washington, December 13th. to secure your constitutional rights, or to deAt the request of Hon. REUBEN Davis of monstrate to you that you can get no guarMississippi, member of the Committee of antees for these rights from your Northern States, the Southern members of Congress Confederates. assembled at his rooms to-night and adjourned The whole subject was referred to a comat eleven o'clock, at which the following mittee of thirteen in the Senate yesterday. declarati was mad and signed by those I was appointed on the committee and acpresent. It had already been presented to cepted the trust. I submitted propositions, the Committee of Thirty-three :
which, so far from receiving decided support
LATORS TO THEIR POSTS.
from a single member of the Republican, that the rights of the South, and of every party on the committee, were all treated State and section, may be protected within with either derision or contempt. The vote the Union. Don't give up the ship. Don't was then taken in committee on the amend- despair of the Republic. ments to the Constitution proposed by Hon.
J. J. CRITTENDEN. J.J. CRITTENDEN of Kentucky, and each and
S. A. Douglas. all of them were voted against, unanimously, From the Raleigh Standard Extra of Jan by the Black Republican members of the Committee.
The State Journal of to-day, one of the In addition to these facts, a majority of organs of the disunionists, contains a tele. the Black Republican members of the com- graphic despatch calculated, and no doubt mittee declared distinctly that they had no intended, to inflame the public mind and to guarantees to offer, which was silently ac- precipitate North Carolina into revolution. quiesced in by the other members.
This despatch, most probably sent here from The Black Republican members of this the Journal Office, Wilmington, is as fol. Committee of Thirteen are representative lows: men of their party and section, and to the extent of my information, truly represent IMPORTANT !—IMMEDIATE RETURN OF LEGISthe Committee of Thirty-three in the House, which on Tuesday adjourned for a week
Wilmington, Dec. 31st, 8} P.M. without coming to any vote, after solemnly The following is the substance of a despledging themselves to vote on all proposi- patch received here this evening : tions then before them on that date.
“ Cabinet broken up in a row; Floyd, That committee is controlled by Black Thompson and Thomas have resigned; the Republicans, your enemies, who only seek to President has gone over to the North. Fedamuse you with delusive hope until your eral troops on their way South. Our fort at election, in order that you may defeat the the mouth of Cape Fear will shortly be occufriends of secession. If you are deceived by pied by troops for coercion. The citizens them, it shall not be my fault. I have put the of North Carolina call upon the Legislature test fairly and frankly. It is decisive against for advice and assistance." you; and now I tell you upon the faith of a The above duced great excitement in true man that all further looking to the our community. As soon as we saw it we North for security for your constitutional telegraphed to a well-informed and reliable rights in the Union ought to be instantly friend in Washington city, whose reply is as abandoned. It is fraught with nothing but follows: ruin to yourselves and your posterity. "No troops ordered South. No new
Secession by the fourth of March next ground for excitement known.” should be thundered from the ballot-box by the unanimous voice of Georgia on the second
Special Despatch to the Republican. day of January next. Such a voice will be
Augusta, Ga., Jan. 1st. your best guarantee for LIBERTY, SECURITY, A special despatch to the True Democrat, TRANQUILLITY and GLORY.
of this city, dated at Washington, 3 o'clock, ROBERT ToomBs. P.M., to-day, says:
" The cabinet is broken up, Mr. Floyd, IMPORTANT TELEGRAPHIC CORRESPONDENCE. Secretary of War, and Mr. Thompson, Sec
retary of the Interior, having resigned. A Atlanta, Georgia, December 26th, 1860.
coercive policy has been adopted by the Hon. S. A. Douglas or Hon. J. J. Crittenden: Administration. Mr. Holt, of Kentucky; Mr. Toombs's despatch of the 22d inst. un
our bitter foe, has been made Secretary of settled conservatives here. Is there any
War. Fort Pulaski is in danger. The Abohope for Southern rights in the Union? We litionists are defiant.” are for the Union of our fathers, if Southern This despatch is signed "Robert Toombs rights can be preserved in it. If not, we are
This spurious and inaccurate despatch for secession. Can we yet hope the Union had a great influence, it is said, in deciding will be preserved on this principle? You the wavering vote of Georgia on the quesare looked to in this emergency. Give us
tion of union or disunion. your views by despatch, and oblige
The Macon (Georgia) Telegraph of the 2d WILLIAM EZZARD. instant, contains the following sensation Robert W. Sims.
despatch from the President of the South JAMES P. HAMBLETON.
Carolina Convention. Of course it obtained THOMAS S. POWELL. immediate currency throughout the SouthS. G. HOWELL.
ern States : J. A. HAYDEN.
Charleston, January 1st, 1861. G. W. ADAIR.
Mayor of Macon : The Convention of R. C. HoxLESTER. South Carolina have directed me to send
you the following telegram just received Washington, December 29th, 1860. from our Commissioners at Washington : In reply to your inquiry, we have hopes “Holt has been appointed Secretary of
CITY OF NEW ORLEANS.
TO THE PEOPLE OF VIRGINIA.
War. He is for coercion, and war is inevi-, Senators to vote. There is yet good hope of table. We believe reinforcements are on success." “John J. CRITTENDEN." the way. Prevent their entrance into the
Senate, January 25th, 1861. barbor at erery hazard.
MY DEAR SIR: Mr. Crittenden is not “D. F. JAMISON,
present, but I can say with confidence that " President South Carolina Convention.” there is hope of adjustment, and the prosFrom the Neu Orleans Delta. pect has never been better than now since
we first assembled. THE SOUTH CAROLINA CONVENTION TO THE
Very truly, your friend,
S. A. DOUGLAS. The following highly-important despatch from the President of the South Carolina
We concur in the opinion that there is Convention, has been furnished to us for
hope of an adjustinent.
J. J. CRITTENDEN, publication by Mayor Monroe, to whom it
A. R. BOTELER, was addressed :
John T. HARRIS.
Hon. JAMES BARBOUR.
In addition to the foregoing testimony on Carolina has directed me to send you the the subject, we insert an extract of a letter following telegram, just received from our
from the Hon. John S. Millson to Mr. BarCommissioners at Washington :
bour to the same effect : “ Holt has been appointed Secretary of
“For myself, I say that I have never had War. He is for coercion, and war, we be so confident an expectation as I have at this lieve, is inevitable. We believe reinforce-time, of such a termination of the present ments are on the way. We shall prevent controversy as would be satisfactory to me, their entrance into the harbor at every haz- and, I beliere, to a large majority of the ard. “D. F. Jamison,
people of Virginia.” * President South Carolina Convention."
We deem it our duty, as your RepresenFrom the National Intelligencer.
tatives at Washington, to lay before you In January, when the Crittenden plan of such information as we possess in regard to adjustment was voted down in the Senate, the probable action of Congress in the prerather because of the absence of Southern sent alarming condition of the country. Senators than by the strength of its oppo- At the beginning of this session, now nents, we find from the St. Louis journals, more than half over, committees were apthat a despatch was reported to have been pointed, in both Houses of Congress, to straightway sent from Washington to that consider the state of the Union. Neither city by Senators Polk and Green, represent- committee has been able to agree upon any ing as follows:
mode of settlement of the pending issues “ The Crittenden resolutions were lost by between the North and the South. a vote of 25 to 23. A motion of Mr. Cam- The Republican members in both comeron to reconsider was lost; and thus ends mittees rejected propositions acknowledging all hope of reconciliation. Civil war is now the right of property in slaves, or recoinconsidered inevitable, and late accounts de- mending the division of the Territories clare that Fort Sumter will be attacked between the slaveholding and non-slavewithout delay. The Missouri delegation holding States by a geographical line. recommend immediate secession."
In the Senate, the propositions commonly We need not say that no such despatch known as Mr. Crittenden's were voted was ever sent by these gentlemen. Yet, against by every Republican Senator; and says the St. Louis Republican, “all over the House, on a vote by ayes and noes, the city (St. Louis) it was spoken of as the refused to consider certain propositions, despatch from Messrs. Green and Polk.” moved by Mr. Etheridge, which were even
The temporary rejection of the Critten- less favorable to the South than Mr. Crit den plan was in like manner pressed into the tenden’s. service of the Secessionists in order to accel- A resolution giving a pledge to sustain erate the pace of grave, deliberate, and the President in the use of force against the patriotic North Carolina. The Raleigh seceding States, was adopted in the House Register of the 19th instant contains the of Representatives by a large majority; following despatch, under the signature of and in the Senate every Republican voted Mr. Crittenden himself, published to coun- to substitute for Mr. Crittenden's propositeract the disturbing effect of the exagger- tions resolutions offered by Mr. Clark of ated rumors which had been put in circulation New Hampshire, declaring no new confrom this city:
cessions, guarantees, or amendments to
the Constitution were necessary; that the “ Washington, January 17th, 9 P. M.
demands of the South were unreasonable, “ In reply, the vote against my resolu- and that the remedy for the present danger tions will be reconsidered. Their failure was simply to enforce the laws; in other was the res ilt of the refusal of six Southern I words, coercion and war.
In this state of facts, our duty is to warn to Fort Sumter and elsewnere. Will not you that it is vain to hope for any measures Virginia, by her Legislature, interpose to of conciliation or adjustment (from Con- prevent coercion ? It will be too late when gress) which you could accept. We are her Convention meets. also satisfied that the Republican party de
“J. S. PRESTON.'" signs, by civil war alone, to coerce the Southern States, under the pretext of enforcdespatch was received by another distin
The Richmond Whig states that a similar ing the laws, unless it shall become speedily guished member of the Legislature, to apparent that the seceding States are so which, after consultation with many leading numerous, determined and united, as to members of the Legislature, a reply was make such an attempt hopeless.
made to the effect that we, here, had heard We are confirmed in these conclusions by of no attempt at coercion, but that the our general intercourse here; by the President was exerting himself to preserve speeches of the Republican leaders here
peace.” and elsewhere ; by the recent refusals of the Legislatures of Vermont, Ohio and Pennsylvania, to repeal their obnoxious Personal From the Nashville Union of February 6th. Liberty Laws; by the action of the Illinois VIRGINIA DESPATCHES.–Our special desLegislature on resolutions approving the patch with regard to the Virginia election Crittenden propositions, and by the adop- is direct from Richmond, and is from the tion of the resolutions in the New York and Editors of the Richmond Enquirer. Of Massachusetts Legislatures (doubtless to be course it is more reliable than the despatch followed by others) offering men and money sent by the Associated Press of the same for the war of coercion.
date. We have thus placed before you the facts Special Despatch to Union and American. and conclusions which have become mani
Richmond, (Va.) Feb. 5th.-Resistance fest to us from this post of observation
men have carried the Convention overwhelmwhere you have placed us. There is noth- ingly. Submission Unionists, not twenty ing to be hoped from Congress—the remedy
ENQUIRER. is with you alone, when you assemble in sovereign Convention.
From another column of the same paper. We conclude by expressing our solemn THE OLD DOMINION !-ALL HAIL! conviction that prompt and decided action,
A voice, as from the grave of the imby the people of Virginia in Convention, mortal Washington, tells us that Virginia will afford the surest means under the Provi- will be true to her ancient, ever glorious, dence of God, of averting an impending historical renown. Throughout the length civil war, and preserving the hope of recon- of her immense territories only twenty structing a Union already dissolved.
Submissionist Union men have been elected. J. M. Mason,
Virginia will before the 4th of March de-
proclaim the great doctrine of State-rights
From the Nashville Union of February 7th.
IMPORTANT DESPATCHES ! Washington City, January 26th, 1861. [Owing to the detention of Ex-Governor
Listen to the following glorious news Smith, at his home in Virginia, by sickness, from old Virginia :
Richmond, Feb. 6th.—To Wm. Williams : this address could not be presented to him for his signature. There is no doubt he The Submissionists will not number thirty
in the Convention. The Resistance men would have joined in it, if present.]
have more than one hundred elected. The action of the Convention will be prompt as
soon as the Washington Conference ad. The Richmond Examiner of Friday last
ENQUIRER. contains the following despatch, intended to "operate" on the election to be held in Vir- Will Tennessee elect members to her ginia to-day :
Convention that wish to wait, wait, wait “The following despatch fully explains until Black Republicanism trample us in the
dust or kick us out? itself. The voters of Virginia cannot now
We are indebted (says the Charlotte Bulfail to perform their duty :
letin) to our much-esteemed Senator, the Charleston, January 30th, 1861.
Hon. T. L. CLINGMAN, for the following "" To Judge Hopkins, Richmond, Vir- highly important-information, by telegraph, ginia : Reinforcemerts have been ordered | dated:
STIRRING THE FIRES.