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to my notice until the 21st instant. It is as i Be this as it may, when I learned that follows:

Major Anderson had left Fort Moultrie and "Memorandum of verbal instructions to proceeded to Fort Sumter, my first promptMajor Anderson, First Artillery, com- former position, and there to await the con

ings were to command him to return to his manding Fort Moultrie, South Carolina.

tingencies presented in his instructions. * You are aware of the great anxiety of This could only have been done with any the Secretary of War that a collision of the degree of safety to the command by the troops with the people of this State shall be concurrence of the South Carolina authori. aroided, and of his studied determination to ties. But before any step could possibly pursue a course with reference to the force have been taken in this direction, we reand forts in this harbor which shall guard ceived information that the “Palmetto flag against such a collision. He has therefore floated out to the breeze at Castle Pinckney, carefully abstained from increasing the force and a large military force went over last at this point, or taking any measure which night (the 27th) to Fort Moultrie.” Thus might add to the present 'excited state of the authorities of South Carolina, without the public mind, or which would throw any waiting or asking for any explanations, and doubt on the confidence he feels that South doubtless believing, as you have expressed Carolina will not attempt hy violence to it, that the officer had acted not only withobtain possession of the public works, or out but against my orders, on the very next interfere with their occupancy:

day after the night when the removal was * But, as the counsel and acts of rash and made, seized, by a military force, two of the impulsive persons may possibly disappoint three Federal forts in the harbor of Charlesthese expectations of the Government, he ton, and have covered them under their deems it proper that you should be prepared own flag instead of that of the United with instructions to meet so unhappy a States. contingency. He has, therefore, directed

At this gloomy period of our history, me verbally to give you such instructions. startling events succeed each other rapidly.

* You are carefully to avoid every act on the very day, the 27th instant, that which would needlessly tend to provoke possession of these two forts was taken, the aggression, and for that reason you are not, Palmetto flag was raised over the Federal without necessity, to take up any position custom-house and post-office in Charleston ; which could be construed into the assump- and on the same day every officer of the tion of a hostile attitude; but you are to customs—Collector, Naval Officer, Surveyor hold possession of the forts in this harbor, and Appraiser-resigned their offices. And and, if attacked, you are to defend yourself this, although it was well-known from the to the last extremity. The smallness of language of my message that as your force will not permit you, perhaps, to ecutive officer I felt myself bound to collect occupy more than one of the three forts; the revenue at the port of Charleston under but an attack on or attempt to take pos- the existing laws. În the harbor of Charlessession of either of them will be regarded ton we now find three forts confronting each as an act of hostility, and you may then put other, over all of which the Federal flag floatyour command into either of them which ed four days ago; but now, over two of them you may deem most proper to increase its this flag has been supplanted, and the Palpower of resistance. You are also author- metto flag has been substituted in its stead. ized to take similar steps whenever you have It is under these circumstances that I am tangible evidence of a design to proceed to urged immediately to withdraw the troops a hostile act.

D. P. BUTLER, from the harbor of Charleston, and I am “Assistant Adjutant-General. informed that without this negotiation is "Fort Moultrie, (S. C.) Dec. 11th, 1860. impossible. This I cannot do; this I will

“ This is in conformity to my instructions not do. Such an idea was never thought to Major Buell.

of hy me in any possible contingency. No “John B. FLOYD, Secretary of War." such allusion had been made in any comThese were the last instructions trans-munication between myself and any human mitted to Major Anderson before his re- being. moval to Fort Sumter, with a single excep- But the inference is that I am bound to tion, in regard to a particular which does withdraw the troops from the only fort renot in any degree affect the present question. maining in the possession of the United

Under these circumstances it is clear that States in the harbor of Charleston, because Major Anderson acted upon his own re- the officer there in command of all the forts sponsibility, and without authority,—unless, thought proper, without instructions, to indeed, he “had tangible evidence of a change his position from one of thein to design to proceed to a hostile act" on the another. part of the authorities of South Carolina, At this point of writing, I have received which has not yet been alleged. Still he is information by telegraph from Capt. Iluma brave and honorable officer, and justice phreys, in command of the arsenal at requires that shou not condemned Charleston, that "it has to-day (Sunday, without a fair bearing.

the 30th) been taken by force of arms.” It

an ex


is estimated that the munitions of war your attempt to retain possession of that belonging to the United States in this arsenal fort will cause, and which will be unavailing are worth half a million of dollars.

to secure you that possession, but induce a Comment is needless. After this infor- calamity most deeply to be deplored. If mation, I have only to add that, whilst it is consequences so unhappy shall ensue, I will my duty to defend Fort Sumter as a portion secure for this State, in the demand which I of the public property of the United States now make, the satisfaction of having exagainst hostile attacks, from whatever quar- hausted every attempt to avoid it. ter they may come, by such means as I may “In relation to the public property of the possess for this purpose, I do not perceive United States within Fort Sumter the Hon. how such a defence can be construed into a I. W. HAYNE, who will hand you this commenace against the city of Charleston. munication, is authorized to give you the

With great personal regard, I remain pledge of the State that the valuation of yours, very respectfully,

such property will be accounted for by this JAMES BUCHANAN.

State, upon the adjustment of its relations To Honorable Robert W. Barnwell, James with the United States, of which it was a H. Adams, James L. Orr.


“F. W. PICKENS. January 1st, 1861. The “ Commissioners” “ To the President of the United States." replied at length, alleging, with reference to Upon Colonel Hayne's arrival, ten U. S. the President's declaration, that he could Senators “from States which have already not withdraw the troops from Charleston seceded from the United States, or will have harbor, that he had in conversation left a done so before the first of February next, different impression upon their minds and requested that he should not present his dethe minds of others who had approached mand until these States should have formed him on that subject, and generally reflecting a Confederacy. Meanwhile, they offered to upon the motives of the President. This propose to the President, that Fort Sumter paper, Mr. BuchANAN “declined to receive." should not be reinforced in the meantime. In the State Convention of South Carolina, To this Colonel Hayne consented, and the December 19th, 1860, upon a proposition of Senators proposed this arrangement, which Mr. Magrath to appoint a committee to con- the President declined through Hon. JOSEPH sider the relations of the State to the forts, Holt, Secretary of War, as follows: Mr. W. PORCHER Miles alluded to the interview between the President and the South To the Honorable Benjamin Fitzpatrick,

War Department, January 22d, 1861. Carolina representatives in Congress relative

S. R. Mallory and John Slidell. to the forts, and “expressed his solemn GENTLEMEN : The President has received opinion that the President was not going to your communication of the 19th instant, gitempt to reinforce those forts." Subse- with the copy of a correspondence between quently Mr. Miles and Mr. Keitt made to yourselves and others, “ representing States the Convention a written statement sustain which have already seceded from the United ing the offensive allegations of the Commis- States, or will have done so before the first sioners as to the President's good faith to of February next,” and Colonel Isaac W. them. These papers are too long for inser- Hayne, of South Carolina, in behalf of the rion, and have but limited importance. Government of that State, in relation to

Fort Sumter; and you ask the President Further demand of South Carolina

" to take into consideration the subject of for Fort Sumter.

that correspondence.” With this request he January 11th, 1861. F. W. Pickens, Gover- has complied, and has directed me to comnor of South Carolira, demanded of Major municate his answer. Anderson the surrender of Fort Sumter to the authorities of the State of South Carolina, instant, you propose to him to defer the de

In your letter to Col. Hayne of the 15th to prevent a'" waste of life.”

Same day livery of a message from the Governor of Major Anderson replied, announcing his re- South Carolina to the President, with which fusál, but suggesting that if at any time he has been entrusted for a few days, or prior to a resort, to arms, the Governor until the President and Col. Hayne shall should deem fit to "refer this matter to have considered the suggestions which you Washington,” he could with much pleasure submit. It is unnecessary to refer specially depute one of his officers to accompany the to these suggestions, because the letter Governor's messenger. Same day, Governor addressed to you by Col. Hayne, of the 17th Pickens deputed Hon. Isaac W. Hayne, instant, presents a clear and specific answer Attorney-General of the State, to proceed to to them. In this he says: “I am not Washington, end demand from the Presi- clothed with power to make the arrange. dent the delivery of Fort Sumter to the

ment you suggest; but provided you can constituted anthorities of South Carolina, adding:

“The demand I have made of Major An Louis T. Wigfall, C. C. Clay, Jr., dergon, and which I now make of you, is John Hemphill,

Benjamin Fitzpatrick


A. Iverson, Georgia. suggested because of my earnest desire to P. L. Yulee,

S. R. Mallory, avoid the bloodshed which a persistence in Jefferson Davis, Mississippi, J. P. Benjamin,


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John Slidell,

get assurances, with which you are entirely tion. Should his safety, however, require satisfied, that no reinforcements will be sent reinforcements, every effort will be made to to Fort Sumter in the interval, and that the supply them. public peace will not be disturbed by any In regard to an assurance from the Presi. act of hostility towards South Carolina, I dent" that the public peace will not be will refer your communication to the autho- disturbed by any act of hostility towards rities of South Carolina, and, withholding South Carolina," the answer will readily the communication with which I am at pre- occur to yourselves. To Congress, and to sent charged, will await further instructions.” Congress alone, belongs the power to make

From the beginning of the present un- war, and it would be an act of usurpation happy troubles, the President has endeav- for the Executive to give any assurance ored to perform his Executive duties in that Congress would not exercise this such a manner as to preserve the peace of power, however strongly it may be conthe country and to prevent bloodshed. This vinced that no such intention exists. is still his fixed purpose. You, therefore, I am glad to be assured from the letter of do him no more than justice in stating that Col. Hayne, that “Major Anderson and his you have assurances (from his public mes command do now obtain all necessary supsages, I presume) that notwithstanding the plies, including fresh meat and vegetables, circumstances under which Major Anderson and, I believe, fuel and water, from the city left Fort Moultrie and entered Fort Sumter of Charleston, and do now enjoy communi. with the forces under his command, it was cation, by post and special messenger, with not taken and is not held with any hostile or the President, and will continue to do so, anfriendly purpose towards your State, but certainly until the door to negotiation has merely as property of the United States, been closed.” I trust that these facilities which the President deems it his duty to may still be afforded to Major Anderson. protect and preserve," you have correctly This is as it should be. Major Anderson is stated what the President deems to be his not menacing Charleston; and I am conduty. His whole object now is and has vinced that the happiest result which can be been, to act strictly on the defensive, and to attained is, that he and the authorities of authorize no movement against the people South Carolina shall remain on their presof South Carolina, unless clearly justified ent amicable footing, neither party being by a hostile movement on their part. He bound by any obligation whatever except could not have given a better proof of his the high Christian and moral duty to keep desire to prevent the effusion of blood than the peace and to avoid all causes of mutual y forbearing to resort to the use of force irritation. inder the strong provocation of an attack Very respectfully, happily without a fatal result) on an un

Your obedient servant, armed vessel bearing the flag of the United

J. Holt, States.

Secretary of War. I am happy to observe that, in your letter January 31st, 1861. Col. Hayne, having to Col. Hayne, you express the opinion that received additional instructions from Govit is especially due from South Carolina to ernor Pickens, reciting the correspondence our States, to say nothing of other slave-between the President and the ten Senators, holding States, that she should, as far as she and expressing his dissatisfaction with the can consistently with her honor, avoid ini- terms of the latter's reply, demanded postiating hostilities between her and the United session of Fort Sumter *as the legal officer States, or any other Power.” To initiate of the State, asserting its undoubted right of such hositilities against Fort Sumter would, eminent domain.” beyond question, be an act of war against the February 6th. The President replied, United States.

through Secretary Holt, asserting the title of In regard to the proposition of Col. the United States to Fort Sumter as complete Hayne, " that no reinforcements will be sent and incontrovertible, and declining the to Fort Sumter in the interval, and that the demand, as, “whatever may be the claim of public peace will not be disturbed by any South Carolina to this fort, he has no conuct of hostility towards South Carolina,” it stitutional power to cede or surrender it.” is impossible for me to give you any such The closing paragraph of the President's assurances. The President has no authority reply is as follows: to enter into such an agreement or under- • If the announcement so repeatedly made standing. As an executive officer, he is of the President's pacific purpose in continsimply bound to protect the public property, uing the occupation of Fort Sumter until so far as this may be practicable; and it would the question shall be settled by competent be a manifest violation of his duty to place authority, has failed to impress the Govern. hims:If under engagements that he would ment of South Carolina, the forbearing connot perform this duty either for an indefinite duct of the Administration for the last few or a limited period. At the present mo- months should be received as conclusive ment, it is not deemed necessary to reinforce evidence of his sincerity. And if this forMajor Anderson, because he makes no such bearance, in view of the circumstances which reqaest, and fuels quite secure in his posi- have so severely tried it, be not accepted as

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a satisfactory pledge of the peaceful policy they differ as to whether the arms so sold of this Administration towards South Caro- had been found,“ upon proper inspection, to lina, then it may be safely affirmed that be unsuitable for the public service.” neither language nor conduct can possibly Whilst the Committee do not deem it imfurnish one. If, with all the multiplied portant to decide this question, they say, proofs which exist of the President's anxiety that in their judgment it would require a for peace, and of the earnestness with which very liberal construction of the law to bring he has pursued it, the authorities of that these sales within its provisions. State shall assault Fort Sumter, and peril It also appears that on the 21st day of the lives of the handful of brave and loyal November last, Mr. Belknap made applicamen shut up within its walls, and thus tion to the Secretary of War for the purchase plunge our common country into the hor- of from one to two hundred and fifty thou. rors of civil war, then upon them and those sand United States muskets, flint-locks and they represent, must rest the responsibility." altered to percussion, at $2.15 each; but the

Secretary alleges that the acceptance was “ Commissioner from Alabama." made under a misapprehension of the price February 1st, 1861. Hon. C. C. CLAY, Jr., bid, he supposing it was $2.50 each, instead Senator from Alabama, addressed the Presi

of $2.15. dent, informing him that Hon. Thomas J.

Mr. Belknap denies all knowledge of any JUDGE of Alabama had arrived, " duly com

mistake or misapprehension, and insists upon missioned to negotiate with the Government

ihe perforinance of his contract. of the United States in reference to the

The present Secretary refuses to recognize forts, arsenals and custom-houses in that the contract, and the muskets have not been State, and the debt of the United States,"

delivered to Mr. Belknap. and desiring when he might have an audience

Mr. Belknap testifies that the muskets

were intended for the Sardinian government. "to present his credentials and enter upon the proposed negotiations.”

It will appear by the papers herewith sub2d. The President replied, stating that mitted, that on the 29th of December, 1859, he would be happy to receive Mr. Judge the Secretary of War ordered the transfer distinguished citizen of Alabama," of 65,000 percussion muskets, 40,000 mus

kets altered to percussion, and 10,000 perand that, in his judgment, he had no power to recognize him in the character and the Watertown and Watervliet Arse

cussion rifles, from the Springfield Armory ascribed to him. Mr. Clay, under date of February 5th, volunteered' to give the nals, to the Arsenals at Fayetteville, N. C., President his views of men and things, in an non, Ala., and Baton Rouge, La., and that

Charleston, S. O., Augusta, Ga., Mount Verexcited epistle, which scarcely deserves pre- these arms servation, either for intrinsic merit of style spring of 1860 as follows:

were distributed during the or thought for historical value.

Percussion Altered Transfer of U. S. Arms South in To Charleston Arsenal, 9,280 5,720 2,000 1859-60.

To North Carolina Arsenal, 15,480 9,520 2,000

To Augusta Arsenal, 12,380 7,620 2,000 REPORT (Abstract of) made by Mr. B. Stan- To Mount Vernon Arsenal, 9,280 5,720 2,000 ton, from the Committee on Military Affairs, To Buton Rouge Arsenal, 18,580 11,420 2,000 in House of Representatives, Feb. 18th, 1861: The Committee on Military Affairs, to

65,000 40,000 10,000 whom was referred the resolution of the All of these arms, except those sent to the House of Representatives of 31st of Decem- | North Carolina Arsenal,* have been seized ber last, instructing said committee to in- by the authorities of the several States of quire and report to the House, how, to South Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana and whom, and at what price, the public arms Georgia, and are no longer in possession of distributed since the 1st day of January, the United States. A.D. 1860, have been disposed of; and also It will appear by the testimony herewith into the condition of the forts, arsenals, dock- presented, that on the 20th of October last yards, etc., etc., submit the following report: ihe Secretary of War ordered forty colum

That it appears from the papers herewith biads and four thirty-two pounders to be submitted; that Mr. Floyd, the late Secretary sent from the Arsenal at Pittsburg to the of War, by the authority or under color of fort on Ship Island, on the coast of Missis. the law of March 3d, 1825, authorizing the sippi, then in an unfinished condition, and Secretary of War to sell any arms, ammu- seventy columbiads and seven thirty-two nition, or other military stores which should pounders to be sent from the same Arsenal be found unsuitable for the public service, to the fort at Galveston, in Texas, the buildsold to sundry persons and States 31,610 ing of which had scarcely heen commenced. flint-lock muskets, altered to percussion, at This order was given by the Secretary of $2.50 each, between the 1st day of January, War, without any report from the Engineer A. D. 1860, and the 1st day of January, A. D. department showing that said works were 1861. It will be seen from the testimony of Colonel Craig and Captain Maynadier, that

muskets. musketa. Rifios. To whom sold.

* These were afterwards seized

ready for their armament, or that the guns time is 1,334 men, 1,308 of whom are in the were needed at either of said points. forts at Governor's Island, New York; Fort

It will be seen by the testimony of Cap- McHenry, Maryland; Fort Monroe, Virtain Wright, of the Engineer department, ginia, and at Alcatraz Island, California, in that the fort at Galveston cannot be ready the harbor of San Francisco. for its entire armament in less than about From the facts elicited, it is certain that five years, nor for any part of it in less than the regular military force of the United two; and that the fort at Ship Island will States is wholly inadequate to the protecrequire an appropriation of $85,000 and one tion of the forts, arsenals, dock-yards, and year's time before it can be ready for any other property of the United States in the part of its armament. This last named fort present disturbed condition of the country. has been taken possession of by the State The regular army numbers only 18,000 men authorities of Mississippi.

when recruited to its maximum strength, The order of the late Secretary of War and the whole of this force is required for (Floyd) was countermanded by the present the protection of the border settlements Secretary (Holt) before it had been fully against Indian depredations. Unless it is executed by the shipment of said guns from the intention of Congress that the forts, Pittsburg.*

arsenals, dock-yards, and other public proIt will be seen by a communication from perty, shall be exposed to capture and spothe Ordnance office of the 21st of January liation, the President must be armed with last, that by the last returns there were re- additional force for their protection. maining in the United States arsenals and In the opinion of the Committee the law armories the following small arms, viz: of February 28th, 1795, confers upon the Percussion muskets and muskets

President ample power to call out the milialtered to percussion of calibre 69, 499,554 tia to execute the laws and protect the Percussion rifles, calibre 54...... 42,011 public property. But as the late Attorney

General has given a different opinion, the Total .... 541,565 Committee, to remove all doubt upon the of these 60,878 were deposited in the ar- subject, report the accompanying bill, etc. senals of South Carolina, Alabama, and

OTHER ITEMS. Louisiana, and are in the possession of the Statement of Arms distributed by Sale since the first of Janauthorities of those States, reducing the uary, 1860, to whom sold, and the place whence sold. number in possession of the United States to 430,687.

J. W. Zacharie & Co...4,000

St. Louis. Since the date of said communication, the James T. Ames.... following additional forts and military posts w. c. N. Swist.

Captain G. Barry........

Aug. 31 Springfield. hare been taken possession of by parties acting under the authority of the States in State of Alabama ......1,000 Sep. 27 Baton Rouge, which they are respectively situated, viz: State of Virginia.......5,000 Nov. 6 Washington. Fort Moultrie, South Carolina.

Phillips county, Ark... 50 Fort Morgan, Alabama.

...10,000 Nov. 24 Watervliet. Baton Rouge Barracks, Louisiana.

The arms were all fiint-lock muskets alFort Jackson, Louisiana.

tered to percussion, and were sold at Fort St. Philip,"

$2.50 each, except those purchased by CapFort Pike, Louisiana.

tain G. Barry and by the Phillips county Oglethorpe Barracks, Georgia.

volunteers, for which $2 each were paid. And the department has been unofficially

The Mobile Advertiser says: “During the advised that the arsenal at Chattahoochee, past year 135,430 muskets have been quietly Forts McRea and Barrancas, and Barrancas transferred from the Northern arsenal at Barracks, have been seized by the authori- Springfield alone, to those in the Southern ties of Florida.

States. We are much obliged to Secretary To what further extent the small arms in Floyd for the foresight he has thus dispossession of the United States may have played in disarming the North and equipheen reduced by these figures, your com- ping the South for this emergency. There is mittee have not been advised.

no telling the quantity of arms and muniThe whole number of the sea-board forts tions which were sent South from other in the United States is fifty-seven; their Northern arsenals. There is no doubt but appropriate garrison in war would require that every man in the South who can carry 25,420 inen; their actual garrison ‘at this a gun can now be supplied from private or

public sources. Tho Springfield contribuThe attempted removal of these heavy guns from tion alone would arn all the militiamen of Allezbeay Arsenal, late in December, 1860, created in ). Alabama and Mississippi."

A monster mars meeting assembled at the call of the Mayor of the city, and citizens of all

General Scott, in his letter of Dece:nber Fusies aided in the effort to prevent the shipment. 2d, 1862, on the early history of the RebelTorunch the interposition of Hon. J. K. Moorhead, Hon. Burkaisbi, Judge shaler, Judge Wilkios, 'Judge lion, states that Rhode Island, Delaware ez: oa of the ord-s obtained. The Secessionists in Con. 1860, their annual quotas of arms for that Shansen, and others, inquiry was instituted, and a revo- and Texas had not drawn, at the end of gr*** bitterly complained of the “ mob law” which thus interfered with the routine of goverumental affairs. year, and Massachusetts, Tennessee, and


Arsenals No. Date of sale. Where sold.

Feb. 3 .1,000

Mar. 14 New York. 80 June 11 St. Louis. 400 80 Nov. 13 Do.


Ꭰ0 ,


Nov. 14


Nov. 16 St. Louis.

G. B. Lamar............

tense excitement.

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